Ben Hoyt February 13, 2012

Mozart 41, Mvmt 3 analysis
! In measures 60 - 87 of of the third movement of Mozartʼs 41st symphony, the trio of the movement is played. The instrumentation of the movement consists of a flute, oboe, bassoon, horn, trombone, timpani, two violin sections, a viola section, and a cello/ bass section. The movement is in C Major, and is in 3/4 time. ! The trio begins with a homophonic dotted half note played in the flute, bassoon,

and horn. The notes in each part outline a G Major chord, the tonic of the key. Between measures 60 and 61 there is an authentic cadence, where the same instruments slur into a quarter note in measure 61 outlining a C Major chord. The oboe and first violins then have a monophonic descending scale in octaves, beginning on the third beat of measure 61 and ending at the end of measure 63. The second violins, violas, and cello/ bass play two quarter notes at the end of measure 62, leading into the dominant chord in the next measure, 63. Measures 64 - 67 are identical to measures 60 - 63, except for the last measure, which stays in the tonic, C Major. Measures 60 - 67 repeat. ! In measure 68, the flute and first violins play a monophonic ascending scale in

dotted half notes for eight measures. The first two measures consist of a half step difference in pitches, while each successive pair of measures contain a higher note followed by a stepwise lower note. This continues until measure 74, in which an F# note is played, descending in the next measure to an E note. The lower strings and second violins play a polyphonic rhythm with the trombone and timpani, in which quarter notes are played on the first and third beat of the measure, and eighth notes are played on the

The only differences are that in measure 84.87 are repeated. leading into the last four measures of the phrase. ! The next eight measures are nearly identical to the first eight of the trio. After measures 68 . followed by a quarter rest. leading to the tonic in measure 87. while the second violins and violas play quarter notes on the second and third beat of the measure. This pattern continues for eight measures. .second beat. and two eighth notes on the third beat of each measure. The horn and timpani play a quarter note on the first beat of the measure. and the cell/bass play quarters on the first beat of each measure. the movement returns to the beginning. the First violins continue the chromatic ascent between each pair of measures. almost ornamental G7 chord in measure 86. The eighth measure contains only quarter notes. In these four measures. and the flute has an arpeggiated. the B --> C movement is an octave higher in the flute part.

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