Fitting shop As the name implies, fitting shop does fitting works of parts, which is removed, from the

ships. The shop belongs to ship Repair Division because it does the works directly implicated with ships. The shop does overhauling of the parts, which is removed from the ships. After removing any part of the ship, overhauling is usually not done on board on board the ship and they are brought to the fitting shop. After they were brought here, the calibration shop that is the other shop under the SRD makes inspections as necessary and decides which parts to be overhauled. Usually main engine parts, auxiliary machineries, and some other parts in the machinery space and on the deck etc. are brought to the shop for overhauling. Those can be categorized as follows. Main engine parts • Pistons • Cylinder liners • Stuffing boxes • Turbo charges • Gear boxes Others • Pumps • Propellers • Rudders

When the removed parts are brought to the shop, the engineer knows about what should be done. Then he asks inspections shop to make inspections where necessary. After that, he informs foremen about the job and discusses that how to do that. Then the workers of the shop start to do the job.

Most of engine parts are with grease and oil. Cleaning parts tend to make inspections and for overhauling as necessary. Some parts are open for the air with mist that consists with salt and those parts are with rust. shaft. Rotating parts include the impeller. first of all every parts should be cleaned. Grease and oil are applied where necessary. Construction The construction of the pump varies according to the purpose for which the pump is to be used. and bearings. bearing housing and packing. inserting packings and glands as needed. Many of methods are used for that purpose according to the place from which the parts were removed. Centrifugal pumps Centrifugal pumps have two basic types of parts rotating. Then the unit is assembled. Wire brushing. shaft sleeves. buffing and sandpapers can be used for cleaning the rust. If the inspections are satisfactory. engine cooling water.While the overhauling is going on. Stationary parts include the casing with the suction and discharge flange. Finally the overhauling is completed painting or oiling if necessary. and stationary. non-salt water pump (Potable. wearing rings. for cleaning those things high-pressure treatment can be used. 1. According to the inspections worn parts replaced with new parts. dismantled pats are only cleaned. sea water pumps Casing: gunmetal . boiler feed pumps) Casing: high grade cast iron with bronze Shafts: bronze or stainless steel Impellers: bronze 2.

It is important that cooling/ lubricating liquid is lead to the stuffing box from the lowest point on the pressure side of the pump.Shafts: stainless steel Impellers: aluminum bronze or stainless steel 3. This allows for. cast steel (. The lantern ring is used to pack the gland packing and to pack the gland packing and to supple the cooling water to the stuffing box. four or fi9ve packing rigs are used with grease to seal the shaft. the soft packing has an advantage in seawater pumps. For this reason. 1. . soft gland packing 2. The cooling and lubricating liquid is lead to mechanical seal from the lowest point on the pressure side of the pump. In this type also has cooling and lubricating system. boiler feed pumps Casing. mechanical sealing Soft gland packing Normally. There is a possibility of an electronic action. Mechanical seal Mechanical seal are used for the high head.025% carbon steel) Shaft: stainless steel or alloy steel Impellers: stainless steel or bronze Shaft sealing It is preferable on vertical pumps to have shaft sealing at the pump upper end only. The most mechanical seals incorporate a ‘carbon face’.

Before removing. first we should do marks on separable parts of the pump. In case of dismantling process of pump. The design clearance between boss and wearing rings being such that liquid in the discharge volute does not return to the suction side the wearing rings is renewable part. If there is a priming unit on the pump has to be taken off before dismantling the pump units. After that. can be prevented the wear of impeller boss and pump casing. After that. therefore using the wearing rings.Wearing rings The wearing rings are located around the impeller boss. the mechanical seal cover or gland cap have to be taken off. Then the nuts of the impeller side are unscrewed and remove with the bottom sleeve. impeller also can be removed with its key. Then the pump shaft can be lift with its impeller and wearing rings. Then the bearing is removed using bearing puller. . the pump is sent to a fitting shop without motor part. Then they can be inspected and cleaned separately. the lock nut and lock washer also have to be removed. Now every separable parts are clear. pump top cover is taken off. Fig. Centrifugal pump Dismantling procedure of the centrifugal pump Marine pump are usually with a motor above the pump. Then remove the water service pipe of gland or mechanical seal box and also top and bottom bearing cover with the part of the bearing casing. If the pump is used for mechanical seal or gland stuffing box to seal the shaft. For the repairing process.

. the production size number of the bearings should be noted. If the new wearing rings slip around in the casing lips. If it is crased its inner and outer diameter and high must be measured to get a new one. If new bearings are wanted. lapping seating engine exhaust and intake values. Then use fine lapping compound. the wearing rings slip around the casing lips. comparing the inner diameter of the bearing with the hammering force. Practically they use this compound for lapping value seats. Bearing assembling the impeller to the shaft. There is several . and sharpening. This is grease mixed compound uses for grinding. valve lapping Both valves are closed by metal-to-metal contact. cleaning and removing rust from threads plus many other usages.Assembling procedure of the centrifugal pump After receiving the new wearing rings and balanced pump shaft. lace the wearing rings on the casing lips of thee bottom half of pump casing. If the clearances are ok. Honing. the filling process can be applied. There fore lapping is essential. Lapping. In the dockyard they use silicon carbide as lapping agent. Polishing. the bush can be used which has a some diameter. condoning and removed of rough spots on new gears to produce a smooth and tip ships. To remove the sharp edges of the wearing rings. it is good. To refit the new bearing. check their sharp edges. If they do not slip around in the casing lips. For that purpose firstly use course-lapping compound. the keys is kept in corrects way and enters the impeller to the shaft. have to be removed casing metal using scrapers until. This leaves thin film to protect from corrosion and rust. After that keep the lock washer and screw the nut and locking bolts.

In practically they apply some drops of coconut oil after apply this compound to get great lubrication. Stuffing box .grades start from rough one to fine.

The oil is led through bores in the housing and back the crankcase. The stuffing box is mounted on a ring which is bolted onto the underside of the scavenge air box. The parts are pressed onto the piston rod by a helical garter spring Scrapper ring section The three scarper rings are made up of three steel base parts into which two lamellas are fitted into a grooves machined in each part. A garter spring keeps the rings in contact with the piston rod.C. .STROKE ENGINE Incorrect valve tappet clearances have an adverse effect on engine performance and it is therefore essential that the correct clearance should be maintained. compression stroke and to adjust in this an indicator and pointer are fitted to the free-end of the fuel injection pump. a cofferdam ha been machined out which. guided by four cylindrical pins. communicates with a control cock on the outside of the engine. The stuffing box also prevents scavenge air from leaking into the crankcase. and the three lowermost grooves. but also can be disassembled for inspection in the crankcase with the piston remaining in position. for the sealing rings. The clearance for each pair of valves should be set with the relative piston at T. In the lowermost grooves scraper rings are fitted which scrape the lubricating oil of the piston rod. through a bore in the housing and a connecting pipe.In the bore for the piston rod in the bottom of the scavenge air box a stuffing box is mounted to prevent lubricating oil from being drawn up the crankcase into the scavenging air space. The stuffing box housing is in tow parts. in the housing five ring grooves have been machined out of which the two uppermost ones accommodate sealing rings that prevent scavenge air form blowing down along the piston rod. Scraped off oil is led through ports in the base ring back to the sump. ADJUST THE TAPPET CLEARANCE IN FOUR. for the scraper rings.D. two per base. assembled by a flanged joint. The stuffing box is taken out together with the piston rod during overhaul of the piston. Sealing ring section The two sealing rings each consist of a four piece brass ring which accommodates eight brass sealing segments. It can be checked by opening this control cock that the scraper and sealing rings are functioning correctly. Between the two uppermost ring grooves.

• Tighten locknut on rocker arm adjusting screw (5) and check that clearance as measured by feeler has been maintained. SALAM-4 Proceed as follows.V. slacken locknut and adjust rocker arm adjusting screw (5) until light restraint is felt on feeler. • Using the special box spanner (1). • Bar the engine round until the piston concerned is at T. • Insert special feeler gauge between rocker arm pad (4) and bridge piece. adjust bridge piece adjusting screw (3) until further restraint is felt on the feeler.D.Here we have to set pair of valves in the generator of the ship M. • With feeler still positioned between rocker arm and bridge piece.C. compression stroke. ensuring that clearance has been maintained. • Tighten locknut on bridge piece adjusting screw (3) . Disassembly & Assembly of the fuel pump . slacken locknut (3) and unscrew bridge piece tappet adjusting screw positively clear of valve stem.

. Press down the spindle locking ring against the crosspiece & lock in this piston. Barrel & plunger was taken off using the special tool. Carefully lift the top cover. • Remove the cap nuts & the top cover fixing nuts • Insert two eye screws in two of the threaded holes for the high-pressure pipe fixing screws.These were VIT fuel pumps operation based on a negative cam. • Mount the tool on the pump housing. Old seal rings O. • Remove shims from the top of the barrel. & attach the crane hook.rings were removed away of the barrel & plunger. Press down the spindle to make the measuring pin test on the steel disk for the plunger foot in the roller guide.

Then press down the locking ring of the spindle against the crosspiece. & secure the flange with two cap nuts. Then tighten the spindle to the plunger by means of the center screw. • Remove screws for guard & flange for toothed rack • Mount the lifting tool.Take out the screw which locates the barrel in the pump housings. • Raise the plunger some 10 to 20 mm by pulling at the handle of the spindle. • Pull the toothed rack as for out of the pump housing as possible. & turn. so that the pins of the spindle enter the holes on the top of the plunger. . & lock it in this piston by tightening the hexagonal socket screw against the spindle. • Press down the spindle of the tool. with the flange resting on top of the pump barrel. • The milled recess of the spindle should be guided by the ball catch of the tool. there by turning the plunger foot clear of the bayonet joint in the roller guide.

Sketch showing the mechanism of a CPP . One O-ring bears against the flange on the foot of the propeller blade. The seals may be in the form of O-rings or may be specially molded to so it the ring housing and landing face. In some cases to O. there fore fitted just below the blade flange and make contact with the flange and the hub which become the sealing surfaces.rings are fitted in to a seal supporting ring. THE SEALS FITTED BETWEEN THE MOVING PARTS OF THE BLADE ASSEMBLY AND THE HUB IN A CONTROLLABLE –PITCH PROPELLER The seals must be located in some place where they are reasonably accessible. the other contacts the propeller hub.• Lift the plunger & the barrel assembly out of the pump housing using the crane. Renewal of seas involves dismantling the propeller blades and lifting them off the blade carrier plate or crank ring.

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