You are on page 1of 2

ANDROID A MOBILE OPERATING SYSTEM

By admin, on October 25th, 2010 ABSTRACT The Android operating system is developed by Google team. It is an operating system for mobiles. Google has made most of the Android platform available under the Apache free software and open source license. Android is a freely downloadable open source software stack for mobile devices that includes an operating system, middleware and key applications based on Linux and Java. Google developed Android collaboratively as part of the Open Handset Alliance, a group of more than 30 mobile and technology companies working to open up the mobile handset environment.

INTRODUCTION
Android is a software platform and operating system for mobile devices, based on the Linux kernel, and developed by Google and later the Open Handset Alliance. It allows developers to write managed code in the Java language, controlling the device via Googledeveloped Java libraries. Applications written in C and other languages can be compiled to ARM native code and run, but this development path isnt officially supported by Google. Android is available as open source. Google threw open the entire source code (including network and telephony stacks) that were not available previously, under an Apache license. Certain parts that relate to a specific hardware cant be made open and are not considered part of the Android platform. With Apache License, vendors are free to add proprietary extensions without submitting those back to the open source community. While Googles contributions to this platform are expected to remain open sourced, the branches could explode using varieties of licenses. HISTORY 1) Acquisition by Google In July 2005, Google acquired Android, Inc., a small startup company based in Palo Alto, California, USA. Androids co founders who went to work at Google included Andy Rubin, Rich Miner, Nick Sears and Chris White. At the time, little was known about the functions of Android, Inc. other than that they made software for mobile phones This began rumors that Google was planning to enter the mobile phone market. At Google, the team led by Rubin developed a mobile device platform powered by the Linux kernel which they marketed to handset makers and carriers on the premise of providing a flexible, upgradeable system. It was reported that Google had already lined up a series of hardware component and software partners

and signaled to carriers that it was open to various degrees of cooperation on their part. More speculation that Google would be entering the mobilephone market came in December 2006. Reports from the BBC and The Wall Street Journal noted that Google wanted its search and applications on mobile phones and it was working hard to deliver that. Print and online media outlets soon reported rumors that Google was developing a Googlebranded handset. More speculation followed reporting that as Google was defining technical specifications, it was showing prototypes to cell phone manufacturers and network operators. 2) Update history Android has seen a number of updates since its original release. These updates to the base operating system typically fix bugs and add new features. And generally, each update to the Android operating system is developed under a code name based on a dessert item. 1.5 (Cupcake) April 2009 1.6(Donut) September 2009 2.0/2.1(Eclair) December 2009 2.2(Froyo) May 2010 Gingerbread scheduled for Q4 2010 launch. Honeycomb Scheduled for 2011 launch.