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Word association 1: missing 0000 Unit links

Each of the sets of four words below can be linked by one other word. All the words are related to medical matters. What are the missing words? Write them in the centre of the charts.
1.

ciliary

temperature

foreign
2.

fat

throbbing

relief

abdominal
3.

threshold

metacarpal

graft

cancellous
4.

marrow

cardiac

fatigue

skeletal
5.

spasm

black

bath

glass
6.

drops

blood

membrane

beta

body

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For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5).

Word formation: nouns Unit 0000
A fast way to expand your vocabulary is to make sure you know the different forms of the words you learn. Exercise 1. The words in this list are all verbs. What are the noun forms? Write them in the second column. The first one has been done for you as an example.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. diagnose examine prescribe suffer operate cure recover analyse diagnosis ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. infect carry replace degenerate refer paralyse obstruct ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________

Exercise 2. First, check your answers to Exercise 1 in the key. Then rewrite the sentences below, changing the verbs (which are in bold) to nouns. Do not change the meaning of the sentences, but be prepared to make grammatical changes if necessary. The first one has been done for you as an example.
1. I diagnosed that the patient had a heart condition. My diagnosis was that the patient had a heart condition. 2. I examined the patient fully. I made a full 9. We found that the tissue was infected. We found an

10. Ten per cent of the population are thought to carry the bacteria. Ten per cent of the population are thought to be

3. I prescribed a course of antibiotics. I wrote a

11. We replaced the patient's hip. The patient was given a hip

4. He suffered very little. He experienced very little

12. His condition has degenerated. There has been a

5. We operated immediately. The

13. The patient was referred to a specialist. The patient was given a

6. This disease cannot be cured. There is no

14. His arm was paralysed after the stroke. He suffered

7. He has recovered fully. He has made a full

15. The artery was obstructed by a blood clot. The blood clot was forming an

8. The lab analysed the blood sample. The lab made an

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For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5).

Two-word expressions Unit 0000
Make 15 two-word expressions connected with medicine by combining words from the two lists: A and B. Match each expression with the appropriate phrase. Use each word once. The first one has been done for you as an example.
A allergic balanced bedside biological bone brain clinical digestive general general heart malignant plastic primary surgical 1. B anaesthetic attack clock death diet intervention manner marrow practitioner reaction surgery system tooth trial tumour 9. An effect produced by a substance to which a person has an allergy, such as sneezing or a skin rash. A trial carried out in a medical laboratory on a person or on tissue from a person. A tumour which is cancerous and can grow again or spread into other parts of the body, even if removed surgically. A doctor who provides first-line medical care for all types of illness to people who live locally, refers them to hospital if necessary and encourages health promotion. The rhythm of daily activities and bodily processes such as eating, defecating or sleeping, frequently controlled by hormones, which repeats every twenty-four hours. The set of organs such as the stomach, liver and pancreas which are associated with the digestion of food. A diet that provides all the nutrients needed in the correct proportions.

A condition in which the heart has a reduced blood supply because one of the arteries becomes blocked by a blood clot, causing myocardial ischaemia and myocardial infarction heart attack A substance given to make someone lose consciousness so that a major surgical operation can be carried out Soft tissue in cancellous bone.

10.

2.

11.

3. 4.

12. The treatment of disease or other condition by surgery. Any one of the first twenty teeth which develop in children between about six months and two-and-a-half years of age, and are replaced by the permanent teeth at around the age of six. Surgery to repair damaged or malformed parts of the body. 14. 7. A condition in which the nerves in the brain stem have died, and the person can be certified as dead, although the heart may not have stopped beating. The way in which a doctor behaves towards a patient, especially a patient who is in bed.

5.

13.

6.

15.

8.

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For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5).

Plural formation Unit 0000
In Column A of this table there are 25 nouns relating to medicine. For each of the nouns decide whether the correct plural form is in Column B or Column C and then circle it. The first question has been done for you as an example.

Column A 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. stratum foot fibula glomerulus abscess joint bulla testis septum oesophagus diagnosis humerus syringe acetabulum larva chorda varix fungus ganglion villus atrium pons ovum bout cortex

Column B stratums foots fibulae glomerulae abscesses jointes bullae testises septa oesophaguses diagnoses humeruses syringes acetabula larvae chordas varices fungi ganglions villi atria pontes ovums bouts cortexes

Column C strata feet fibulas glomeruli abscessi joints bullas testes septums oesophagi diagnosises humeri syringae acetabulums larvi chordae varixi funguses ganglia villae atriums ponses ova boutae cortices

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For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5).

Word formation: adjectives Unit 0000
The italicised words in the sentences in Column A are all nouns. What are the adjective forms? Complete the sentences in Column B using the correct adjective forms.

Column A

Column B

1.

The surgeons operated to repair the defect on the patient's heart valve.

The surgeons operated to repair the patient's …

2.

His diet has a calcium deficiency.

His diet is calcium-…

3.

She has a physical dependence on amphetamines.

She is physically …

4.

The doctor noted an excess of bile in the patient's blood.

The doctor noted an …

5.

An attack of hypoglycaemia can be prevented by eating glucose or a lump of sugar when feeling faint.

A…

6.

The vaccine should give immunity to tuberculosis.

The vaccine should make you …

7.

They have periods of complete inactivity.

They have periods when they are completely …

8.

The pain in his foot is so great that he can hardly walk.

His foot is so …

9.

I injured my spine in the crash.

I suffered …

10.

She complained of stiffness in the joints.

She complained of …

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For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5).

The first one has been done for you as an example. 3. 5. 7. 8. I would like to ____________________ with the dental hygienist for 10. 8. 3. 1. 7. The health visitor advised the new parents to ____________________ after feeding. 6 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). 4. 9. Complete these sentences using the partnerships from Exercise 1. Link each verb on the left with a noun on the right to make 10 'partnerships'. 6. The nurses _____________________ in the patient's condition. You may have to make some changes to fit the grammar of the sentences.00am tomorrow. Verbs 1. The first one has been done for you as an example. the doctor ___________________ . 10. . 6.Word association 2: partnerships Unit 0000 Exercise 1. 2. The doctor will administer a drug to the patient. administer analyse arrange burp catch detect discontinue ease resist prescribe Nouns an improvement a baby antibiotics the treatment some infections an appointment a sample the pain a drug a cold Exercise 2. The laboratory ____________________ of the food and found traces of bacteria. 9. 5. As soon as the patient reported severe side-effects. 10. 2. She had an injection to ____________________ in her leg. I've ____________________ from one of my colleagues at work. A healthy body can ____________________ . 4. She was ____________________ .

6. The surgeon decided that the cancer was ________________. 4. while the other asks questions such as "What's the opposite of conscious?". 1. 9. 3. 7. 3. She has an ________________ desire to drink alcohol. 3. 8. un- Exercise 2. The children have a very _______________ diet. 7. 9. He felt ________________ and had to go home. 7 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). 8. English often uses prefixes to create opposites. 10.Opposites 1: prefixes Unit 0000 Exercise 1. 5. Choose the right prefix for each of the adjectives below and write them into the table. 10. im1. 2. 1. 2. There are several different prefixes that are used. . 7. 3. Extension. Use ten of the adjectives in the table to complete these sentences. ir1. 6. The patient was showing signs of an ________________ mental condition. He was found unconscious in the street. 6. The first one has been done for you as an example. Work with a partner and test each other. 8. She used to play a lot of tennis. 11. The first one has been done for you: active adequate coherent compatible complete conscious controllable dependent digested direct fertile fit healthy hygienic legal movable operable palpable pure qualified reducible regular sanitary soluble stable well il1. 5. One partner closes the book. The serum makes the poison ________________. 4. 2. but she became ________________ in the winter. 2. 2. 4. 9. Cholera spread rapidly because of the ________________ conditions in the town. 5. ininactive 1. The nurse noted that the patient had developed an ________________ pulse.

28. 14. 3. 10. 7. 8. 24. Choose ten verbs from Exercise 1 and write a sentence below for each one. 9. with her local GP. 21. 13. . 30. Cover up the right-hand column and give the sentences to another student as a test. For example: She ……………. 18. 2. 1. 10. 23. 20. 6. 6. 22. 15. 25.Word formation: verbs Unit 0000 Exercise 1. 5. 11. 4. 8. Write the correct form of each verb in the column on the right and leave gaps for the verbs in the sentences. 5. 9. perspiration preparation provision reabsorption regeneration registration regurgitation rehabilitation reproduction resuscitation sedation stammer stitch suppression sweat Exercise 2. registered 1. 2. What are the verb forms of these nouns? The first question has been done for you as an example. 27. 7. 19. 29. 3. The words listed in the table below are nouns. 4. 26. ……………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………… 8 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). 12. 17. abuse admission bandage blood breath coagulation consultation convalescence fertilisation identification immunisation implant maceration management occurrence abuse 16.

Exercise 2. 9. to remove or to manipulate tissue.. 4. An anaesthetic which removes the feeling in a single part of the body only ……………….. To clean the hands and arms thoroughly before performing surgery ………………. heart surgery general anaesthetic local anaesthetic major surgery heart surgeon surgeon surgery scrub up operate consultant operation A & E department scalpel surgical instruments theatre nurse anaesthetist exploratory surgery incision ambulance operating table accident operating theatre surgical gloves Exercise 1.. Surgical operations involving important organs in the body ……………….. A doctor who specialises in surgery ………………. 3.. 2.. 7. 8. 1. A nurse who is specially trained to assist a surgeon during an operation ………………. Design a mind map for one or more of the following: health hospital patient 9 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). 6. A special room in a hospital. where surgical operations are carried out ………………. This mind map is based on the word 'surgery'. Find words and expressions in the mind map that fit the following definitions. 5. A surgical operation to remedy a condition of the heart ………………. The treatment of diseases or disorders by procedures which require an operation to cut into. 10. The part of a hospital which deals with people who need urgent treatment because they have had accidents or are in sudden serious pain ………………. A senior specialised doctor in a hospital ………………... organs or parts ………………. ..Word association 3: mind maps Unit 0000 A mind map is a way of organising vocabulary to show the connections between words..

6. 20. He doesn't take enough _______________: that's why he's fat. The _______________ of the tissue from the growth showed that it was benign. The injured man was taken away in an _______________. 13. The doctor gave him an _______________ to relieve the pain. The doctors seem pleased that she has made such good _______________ since her operation. This is a new _______________ for heart disease. diphtheria. 8.Nouns Unit 0000 There are 20 nouns connected with medicine in the box below. Three people were injured in the _______________ on the motorway. 1. 3. 7. 2. There is a _______________ to obesity in her family. From the _______________ of the X-ray photographs. . 10 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). 19. The parents gave their _______________ for their son's heart to be used in the transplant operation. She had a high temperature and then broke out in a _______________ . tuberculosis and typhoid. 12. 17. She was advised to reduce her _______________ of sugar. 5. it seems that the tumour has not spread. Her body could not cope with an _______________ of blood sugar. He had a _______________ of a fever which he had caught in the tropics. accident exercise allergy ambulance biopsy consent course examination excess injection intake overdose paroxysm progress rash recurrence surgery tendency treatment vaccination allergy to penicillin. 4. 16. 15. 10. The patient will need plastic _______________ to remove the scars he received in the accident. She went into a coma after an _______________ of heroin. 9. 14. He developed an He suffered _______________ of coughing in the night. Use them to complete the sentences . The first one has been done for you as an example. _______________ is mainly given against cholera. 11.in some cases you will need to make them plural. She took a _______________ of steroid treatment. smallpox. 18. rabies.

A ______________ outbreak of whooping cough occurred during the winter. 15. Old people can easily become ______________ if they are moved from their homes. 18. Use each adjective once only. 13.Adjectives 1 Unit 0000 Complete the sentences using the adjectives in the box. . 11. with no harmful side-effects. The serum makes the poison ______________. 2. The bones of a baby's skull are very ______________. 20. Catatonic patients can sit ______________ for hours. 8. 4. He became ______________ after shouting too much. The surgeons are trying to find a donor with a ______________ blood group. 3. 6. 17. All the members of the family are ______________ to vascular diseases. 7. Cholera spread rapidly because of the ______________ conditions in the town. This is a safe painkiller. These fumes are ______________ if inhaled. 5. 10. He was advised to make ______________ visits to the dentist. He was ______________ after his exam results. 19. The surgeon decided that the cancer was ______________ . aware compatible confused delicate depressed inactive inborn incipient infectious inoperable motionless poisonous predisposed regular 1. The body has an ______________ tendency to reject transplanted organs. The first one has been done for you as an example. hoarse hygienic insanitary lethal severe safe Some mushrooms are good to eat and some are ______________ . 16. 9. She is not ______________ of what is happening around her. 14. The tests detected ______________ diabetes mellitus. Don't touch food with dirty hands: it isn't ______________. 11 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). This strain of flu is highly ______________. 12.

7. The baby was born five weeks _______________ . You have to speak slowly and clearly when you speak to Mr Jones because he's quite ________ . 13. Bright light can be _______________ to your eyes. . She was _______________ for weeks after the death of her husband. 5. 15. infirm premature 1. Use each adjective once only. 20. He has an _______________ desire to steal small objects. 17. 11. 4. 12. The skin has become _______________ around the sore. The psychiatrist gave a _______________ opinion on the patient's problem. His foot is so _______________ he can hardly walk. 12 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). 19. She had a _______________ cough. 3.Adjectives Unit 0000 2 Complete the sentences using the adjectives in the box. The first one has been done for you as an example. 9. My grandfather is quite _______________ now. 8. 16. Surgeons tried to sew the _______________ finger back onto the patient's hand. The children were tested for _______________ viral infection. 18. These fumes are The report was _______________ of the state of aftercare provision. 14. Her shoulders are still _______________ where she got sunburnt. 2. 6. The patient was passing _______________ quantities of urine. It is important for elderly patients to remain _______________. acute inflamed bedridden critical deaf depressed excessive harmful latent lethal mobile obsessive painful persistent severed subjective tender viable lethal if inhaled. He felt _______________ chest pains. He is _______________ and has to be looked after by a nurse. A fetus is _______________ by about the 28th week of the pregnancy. 10.

In Column B there are definitions of the verbs. e) 5. The calamine lotion will soothe the rash. f) 7. j) 11. so making the person immune to the disease _________ means to relieve pain _________ means to clean a wound and put a covering over it _________ means to reduce the action of something completely. l) 13 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). Some forms of cancer cannot be cured. He specialises in children with breathing problems. The doctor diagnosed appendicitis. She suffers from headaches. k) 12. The operation may endanger the life of the patient.Unit 0000 Verbs 1 The sentences in Column A contain examples of useful verbs in medicine. by examining the person and noting symptoms _________ means to to use medical methods to cure a disease or help a sick or injured person to recover _________ means to make someone healthy _________ means to put someone or something at risk _________ means to give instructions for a person to get a specific dosage of a drug or a specific form of therapeutic treatment _________ means to study or treat one particular disease or one particular type of patient _________ means to have an illness for a long period of time _________ means to treat a person for a condition by cutting open the body and removing a part which is diseased or repairing a part which is not functioning correctly _________ means to introduce vaccine into a person's body in order to make the body create its own antibodies. Read the examples and match the verbs (in italics) with the definitions. The first one has been done for you as an example. The drug suppresses the body's natural instinct to reject the transplanted tissue. .g. She was vaccinated against smallpox as a child. 6. c) d) 4. Then write the infinitive forms into the spaces in the definitions in Column B. The surgeons decided to operate as the only way of saving the baby's life. b) 3. Nurses dressed the wounds of the accident victims. 9. a) Column B: Definitions diagnose means to identify a condition or illness. e. to remove a symptom or to stop the release of a hormone 2. Column A: Examples 1. The doctor prescribed a course of antibiotics. i) 10. After the accident the passengers were treated in hospital for cuts. g) h) 8.

fall down _________ means to work 10. Read the examples and match the verbs (in italics) with the definitions. The treatment is given to prevent the patient's condition from getting worse. e) 6. The cancer is not responding to drugs. i) 11. . j) 12. He was admitted this morning. Then write the infinitive forms into the spaces in the definitions in Column B. g) 8. usually. a) Column B: Definitions _________ means to pass from one place to another _________ means to damage or hurt someone or something _________ means to go through or into something _________ means to make a hole through something _________ means to investigate the inside of something _________ means to stop someone from being hurt or killed _________ means to walk awkwardly because of pain. The patient was transferred to a special unit. Column A: Examples 1. He was still limping three weeks after the accident. stiffness or malformation of a leg or foot b) 3. 2. The ulcer perforated the duodenum. h) admit means to register a patient in a hospital _________ means to stop something from happening _________ means to react to something or to begin to get better because of a treatment _________ means to stop being conscious for a short time and. In Column B there are definitions of the verbs.Verbs 2 Unit 0000 The sentences in Column A contain examples of useful verbs in medicine. f) 7. The end of the broken bone has penetrated the liver. The first one has been done for you as an example. She fainted when she saw the blood. c) The doctors saved the little boy from dying of cancer. The surgeon probed the wound with a scalpel. l) 14 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). 9. d) 5. Walking to work every day won't harm you. k) 4. The new heart has performed very well.

He ___________ his back lifting the table. 2.Verbs: past tense ~ regular verbs Unit 0000 All the verbs in the box relate to medical matters. The first question has been done for you as an example. 4. 8. The doctor ___________ the boy's throat. The embryo ___________ quite normally in spite of the mother's illness. The nurse ___________ the baby on the scales. 15 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). 13. She ___________ well to her new diet. She ___________ from poor circulation. adapt aggravate develop examine faint fracture prolong react receive recover require strain suffer tremble weigh 1. 11. The doctors decided that her condition ___________ surgery. 9. . The treatment ___________ her life by three years. The patient ___________ badly to the penicillin. Playing football only ___________ his knee injury. Use the past tense forms to complete the sentences. 7. She ___________ from her concussion in a few days. His hands ___________ with the cold. 12. It was so hot standing in the sun that he ___________ . 5. His tibia ___________ in two places. He received a new kidney from his brother. 6. which made her feel the cold. 15. 10. 3. 14.

takes. A minor cut will ___________ faster if it is left without a bandage. The girl ___________ her hand on a hot frying pan. 11. She was ___________ by an insect. After the accident her pelvis was completely ___________. She ___________ her knee on the corner of the table. 15.for example: take. She has ___________ several operations. 5. . 3. taking. took. The patient's leg needs to be ___________ below the knee. 8. 2. taken. The doctor asked how the patient was ___________ . 13. You may have to change the forms of the verbs to fit the grammar of the sentences. 14. 4. He ___________ his asthma with a bronchodilator. She ___________ her disabilities and now leads a normal life. 16 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). 9. Air is ___________ from the lungs when a person breathes out. I am going to visit my brother in hospital. (Remember the five forms of English verbs . Use them to complete the sentences. A thermometer ___________ temperature.) The first question has been done for you as an example. His arm is ___________ so much he can't write.Verbs: mixed tenses Unit 0000 All the verbs in the box relate to medical matters. 7. 12. 10. amputate bite measure bruise burn control expel freeze overcome progress rebuild undergo heal visit hurt 1. 6. They ___________ my big toe to remove the nail.

The doctor asked him to _______________ his shirt. You will have to change the forms of some of the verbs to make the grammar of the sentence correct. She _______________ and cried as she described the symptoms to the doctor. 10. When we told her that her father was ill. 7. He was _______________ by a blow to the head. . 4. with pillows take after = to be like one or other parent take off = to remove something. I was advised to _______________ smoking. especially clothes The nurses are _______________her very well. e. she _______________. 17 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). 3. Extension. He was _______________ mucus.Phrasal verbs Unit 0000 Natural English conversation includes many phrasal verbs. He got over his cold. The nurse _______________ the patient with pillows. 15. These are verbs made up of two words: a verb and a preposition. 12. 11. 13. He must have _______________ the disease when he was travelling in Africa. 2. He _______________ his father. prop up = to support a person. Since she had the accident she _______________ using crutches. 5. 8. 9. Complete the sentences below using the phrasal verbs in the box. Work with a partner: write a dialogue which includes at least seven of the phrasal verbs from this page. She became worried when the girl started _______________ blood. 6. Phrasal verbs break down = to start to cry and become upset bring up = to cough up material such as mucus from the lungs or throat cough up = to cough hard to expel a substance from the trachea drop off = to fall asleep get around = to move about get over = to become better after an illness or a shock give up = not to do something any more go down = to become smaller knock out = to hit someone so hard that he or she is no longer conscious look after = to take care of a person and attend to his or her needs pass out = to faint pick up = to catch a disease 14. 1. The first one has been done for you as an example. For example: 'I get up at eight o'clock'.g. The swelling has started to _______________. She often _______________ in front of the TV.

8. 14. . Passive:…………………………………………………………………………………………………… You cannot take the lotion orally. Passive:…………………………………………………………………………………………………… The drug suppresses the body's natural instinct to reject the transplanted tissue. 4. Passive:…………………………………………………………………………………………………… The consultant is allowing him to watch the operation. 12. For example: Active: We have identified the cause of this outbreak of dysentery. 10. Passive:…………………………………………………………………………………………………… Toxic fumes poisoned the workers. Passive:…………………………………………………………………………………………………… All chemists sell the tablets. Passive:…………………………………………………………………………………………………… The doctor diagnosed appendicitis. Passive:…………………………………………………………………………………………………… The paramedics comforted the injured person until the ambulance arrived. Passive:…………………………………………………………………………………………………… They looked after him very well in hospital. 18 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). Passive: The patient was referred to a consultant by the GP. 11. Passive:…………………………………………………………………………………………………… The midwife delivered the twins. 7. Passive:…………………………………………………………………………………………………… Doctors are predicting a rise in cases of whooping cough. 9. Passive:…………………………………………………………………………………………………… The gland was producing an excess of hormones. Remember that it is not always necessary to mention the subject in a passive sentence. Passive:…………………………………………………………………………………………………… The doctor gave me an unpleasant mixture to drink. 5. 1. 13. 6. For example: Active: The GP referred the patient to a consultant. The nurse noticed a rise in the patient's pulse rate. Passive: The cause of this outbreak of dysentery has been identified. 3. Passive:…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. Passive:…………………………………………………………………………………………………… We examined the tissue under the microscope.Verbs: active/passive Unit 0000 Change the sentences below from active to passive tense.

it may be necessary to cool his body with cold compresses. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 12. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6. she is very advanced for her age. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5. Identify the adverbs in the sentences and then swap the adverbs around so that each sentence makes sense. If the patient sweats fairly. Immediately. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 11. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 19 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 9. The tumour is excessively placed and not easy to reach. Her breathing was urgently affected. but his mind is still alert. She manages all her patients very mentally. Some of the adverbs could be used in several of the sentences. Mildly he is very weak.Unit 0000 Adverbs The sentences below do not read correctly. The relief team loosely requires more medical supplies. He has been working as a doctor only for a severely short time. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 10. 1. This is a physically antiseptic solution. . …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 7. The bandage was medicinally tied around her wrist. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. He became ill efficiently after he came back from holiday. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 8. The herb can be used awkwardly.

11. 9. 20 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). We're meeting again in ^Tuesday. I'll telephone to you tomorrow. He is recovering from a bout flu. 10. Her lips were cracked of the cold. 4. to on Find the mistakes and correct them. The mistakes are all in the prepositions and there are three types: 1. missing preposition wrong preposition unnecessary preposition I spoke ^him about this last week. This report quotes the number of cases of cervical cancer from thousand patients tested. We have no spare beds on the hospital at the moment.Prepositions Unit 0000 The sentences in this exercise contain mistakes. 8. The tissue was examined on the microscope. The boy's little toe was crushed the door. 7. . 3. It is important that needles used at injections should be sterilised. She burnt her hand at the hot frying pan. 12. 2. Some types of wool can irritate to the skin. 13. 6. 2. She was given to a pain-killing injection. 5. He will have an operation to remove of an ingrowing toenail. 1. Please ensure that the patient takes of his medicine. The doctor put the patient to sleep within a strong narcotic. 3. 14. The hospital has installed new apparatus through the physiotherapy department.

¼ We'll have to operate. Dialogue 1 ¼ When was she admitted to hospital? At about four o'clock. . The first one has been done for you as an 6 example. ¼ Any idea when infection took place? I'd say five or six weeks ago. Dialogue 3 ¼ What's the problem? I went to give him his injection and I saw that he'd started to haemorrhage. but that's just an opinion. first of all: cut down on fatty foods. ¼ Has there been any improvement? No. I'll go down to the theatre and check. It's probably just an allergic reaction. Practise the dialogues with a partner. Do you want to see her medical history? 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Group B: 1 admitted 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Group C: 1 2 3 Extension. Find all the three-syllable words and classify them by their pronunciation. I'm going to give you a prescription for some painkillers… Dialogue 5 ¼ Have you got the test results yet? Well. There are three possible patterns for three-syllable words: Group A: A: B: C: hos-pi-tal pre-scrip-tion rec-om-mend 1 2 3 Read these five conversations. ¼ And what else? Take regular exercise. 21 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). We're waiting to see how things develop. her condition is stable. don't smoke and keep alcohol down to a minimum. Put them in the correct sections of the table on 5 the right.Word stress 1 Unit 0000 One of the keys to English pronunciation is stress . Make sure all the equipment is prepared. Look. There are 4 27 in total. Dialogue 4 ¼ So. is it serious? Don't worry. but it's clear that it's positive.emphasis. ¼ Are you just saying that to reassure me? You're fine. they're still incomplete. Dialogue 2 ¼ What do you recommend? Well.

10. 20. 2. A diet high in _____________ fats increases the risk of heart disease. 12. respirator responsible saturated analysis circulation communicate compatible complication coordinate dehydration demonstrated disposable emergency experiment intolerance malignancy operation paralysis 22 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). The first question has been done for you as an example. He couldn't ______________ the movements of his arms and legs. . The surgeon ___________ to the students how to make the incision. 6. Tests confirmed the _____________ of the growth. As many as 60-70% of diarrhoeal deaths are caused by ______________. but a complication set in and she died a few hours later. She had an ______________ to replace the cornea. Complete the sentences below using the four-syllable words in the table. Exercise 2. 1. A anaesthetic B C 3. 18. The surgeons are trying to find a ______________ donor. 15. He was given a general _____________ before the surgeons began work. Rub your hands together to get the ______________ going. As a precaution against AIDS we use ___________ needles. 7. There are three normal patterns for four-syllable words: A: vac-ci-na-ted B: pneu-mo-ni-a C: in-flu-en-za Exercise 1. 8. She appeared to be improving. 11. He can't take aspirin: he has an ______________ to it. 13. 14. Come right now: it's an ______________! 4. Autistic children do not ______________ with anyone. 17. 9. This is the allergen which was _____________ for the patient's reaction. The patient was having difficulties breathing so we put him on a ___________. penicillin 16. _____________ is a common antibiotic produced from a fungus. 19.Word stress Unit 0000 2 One of the keys to English pronunciation is stress . Bell's Palsy causes facial ______________. ______________ showed that the food contained bacteria.emphasis. An ______________ was organised to test the drug on a small group of people. 5. Decide which pronunciation pattern is correct for each of the words in the table and tick the appropriate column.

Extension. She suffers constant pain and controls it by using morphine. 9. This treatment counteracts the effects of the infection. 10. 12. A person whose resistance is low catches diseases more easily. The patient breathes with difficulty and coughs and sneezes constantly. If the patient sleeps well. 3. 11. If the surgeon operates now the chance of success increases to about 50%. 6. He then recommends a course of treatment and prescribes any necessary drugs. for example treats B: /z/. The laboratory analyses the blood samples and then the doctor examines the results and diagnoses the condition. There are 27 verbs in total. The same rule applies to plural nouns: /s/ patients. Be careful: some sentences have more than one example. you work. Look at these examples: A: /s/.…breathes………… . /z/ doctors. But the 's' has three different pronunciations. Put them in the correct columns in the table on the right. 2………………………… 3………………………… 4………………………… 5………………………… 6………………………… 7………………………… 8………………………… 9………………………… Group C: /z/ 1………………………… 2………………………… 3………………………… 4………………………… 5………………………… 6………………………… 7………………………… 8………………………… 9………………………… 2. /z/ nurses. 13. Work with a partner and find five example nouns for each sound. . causing an immediate reaction. 5. 7. 1. The gland releases hormones into the bloodstream. 23 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). The first one has been completed for you as an example.Present simple Unit 0000 Verbs in the present tense add an 's' in the third person singular: I work. for example heals C: /z/. Group A: /s/ 1………………………… 2………………………… 3………………………… 4………………………… 5………………………… 6………………………… 7………………………… 8………………………… 9………………………… Group B: /z/ 1. This drug relaxes the muscles and relieves pain. This drug helps to alleviate the symptoms and reduces the risk of reinfection. for example changes Find the third person present tense verbs in these sentences and classify them by their pronunciation. 14. When someone panics his heart beats more rapidly and his temperature rises. 4. It is a procedure which cures the condition or kills the patient. 8. he wakes feeling refreshed. The sinoatrial node regulates the heart beat. he/she/it works.

Be careful: some sentences have more than one verb. Put them in the correct columns in the table on the right.. 15.……. 8. He was completely cured. Her condition improved. . for example examined C: /d/.. His pulse rate increased by 10%.. The surgeons replaced her hip with a metal one. 6. so we reduced the dose. who recommended surgery. The surgeon probed the wound with a scalpel. She was treated by a heart specialist.. The difference is in the sound you use for the ending.. 16.. She was vaccinated against smallpox as a child.. 9. 7.. 1. The surgeons operated immediately on the child. The pharmacist mixed the chemicals in this bottle. There are 23 examples in total. The doctor's speedy action prevented further complications.... 14. The attack was preceded by a rise in body temperature.. 2.. 5. for example injected Find the past tense verbs in these sentences and classify them by their pronunciation. Look at these examples: A: /t/.. 1………………………… 2………………………… 3………………………… 4………………………… 5………………………… 6………………………… 7………………………… 8………………………… Group B: /d/ 1………………………… 2………………………… 3………………………… 4………………………… 5………………………… 6………………………… 7………………………… Group C: /d/ 1…vaccinated…. 4. The doctor prescribed a course of antibiotics.…………… 3………………………… 4………………………… 5………………………… 6………………………… 7………………………… 8………………………… 24 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). 18. The surgical instruments were sterilised before use. The first one has been done for you as an example. The patient coughed and sneezed all through the consultation. 2.Past 0000 Unit tense Regular verbs have three different pronunciations in the past tense (or the past participle). Nobody noticed that the patient's blood pressure had dropped. 3. 13. Group A: /t/ The doctor diagnosed him as having hepatitis B. 12.. for example placed B: /d/. The nurse disinfected and dressed the wound. 10. 11.... 17. He consulted a specialist.

n) Extension. Regular exercise is . burn easily in the sun.. be kept warm and lying down. HIV can be transmitted . e) 6..... . .. i) j) 10.. d) 5.. . A balanced diet should .. be kept out of the reach of children. Column A 1. about 2.. You should do . Bad posture can . ... .... Match the half-sentences in Column A with the half-sentences in Column B to make 14 sentences which are correct..... . . Babies should .. Surgical instruments must . be by pressure and elevation. . . by using non-sterile needles.. ..... complete and true.. 25 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5).... A patient in shock should .. 3.. an unhealthy way of living. five minutes' exercise every morning. provide all the nutrients needed. good for the heart. . 2. h) 9. cause back pain... g) 8. 14.... write five pieces of medical advice... in the correct proportions. 4. Not taking any exercise is . be inoculated against diphtheria... Haemorrhage control routinely should ... . a) b) c) Column B . make the eyes ache. but they have been divided into separate halves. k) 12. .. Reading in bad light can . f) 7.Good advice Unit 0000 These sentences all give very good advice... be sterilised before use.... Working with a partner. Medicines should . A normal adult should drink .. l) m) 13. People with fair complexions . 11... ....5 litres of fluid each day...

The centre of an infection. cold 1. To attach an appliance correctly. 3. 16. The first one has been done for you as an example. 14. 26 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). 12. 18. 19. The point where light rays converge through a lens. 8. The energy that makes things bright and helps a person to see. Being able to wait a long time without getting annoyed. 11. To have convulsions. 15. To move the head or body to face in another direction. especially convulsions and epilepsy. To adjust a lens until an image is clear and sharp. A person who is in hospital or who is being treated by a doctor. 5. Match each meaning to one of the seven words across the top. but it also refers to a certain type of vegetable: beans and peas. An illness. In the table below 19 meanings appear in the column on the left. with inflammation of the nasal passages. To change into something different. usually put in a place where everyone can see it. A slight illness or attack of dizziness. 9. A piece of writing giving information. Not warm or hot. 10. For example.Multiple meanings Unit 0000 Some words have more than one meaning. 4. 13. To see or be aware of something. in which someone sneezes and coughs and has a blocked and running nose. 6. . Weighing a comparatively small amount. the word pulse means the pressure wave in an artery when the heart beats. Referring to hair or skin which is very pale. 7. fit focus light notice patient turn 2. A sudden attack of a disorder. Strong and physically healthy. 17.

....... hepatalgia……....................... bleeding. forceps......... cerebellum................... orderly..... improve.............................. diabetes……... nasal bone..................................... aluminium.......... heart. copper... semicircular canals....... ear........ 12..... bandage........ 15............................... liver............................................. expiration.. 3........…… hepatocyte……....... probe.... recover... oval window................ break...…............... 14..................................... patient.......................... taste............................. hernia……………… liver……………….. supination. elbow.................. pore……………….. strabismus.. nearsightedness.................................................. aching.. fracture............. bite... leg.........…… epidermis………….......................... forearm................... inspiration................................ chew........... pupil......... eyelids................................... get better........................ 7............... kidney......... 11.................. iris............................ zinc... 2........ liver................................. coccyx................ throbbing................. lens..... scalpel...... colliculus...... surgeon.......... 6......Odd one out Unit 0000 In each set of words one is the odd one out: different from the others... Find the word that is different...................................... Coccyx is the odd one out..................... relapse................ tympanic membrane vertebral column...................... palm.... face.................. 10...................... spleen. nurse......................................... It is a bone....... occipital bone..... iron.. 8............... metacarpal bone................................................ cataracts.......... 4...................... wound........... zygomatic arch..........................….. ........... respiration.. knee.... the others are all parts of the brain..... pancreas... 17... ankle............ crack............. 13. eye....................... 18. nagging.............. nose. 5.... For example: callosum. 1...... hand......... 9.. dermis………..... and circle it..... swallow.............. 27 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5)...................... 16................

categories In this table there are 38 words for parts of the body and six categories. arm abdomen Achilles tendon ankle buttock calf chest chin ear elbow eye eyebrow eyelash eyelid finger forearm forehead gum hip knee knuckle lip nail navel neck nipple nose palm rib scalp shoulder sole temple thigh thumb toe tongue tooth hand leg foot torso x head 28 wrist For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). . The first one has been done for you as an example.Body parts Unit 0000 . Decide which category or categories each part belongs to.

29 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). 8. The tumour is ________________ and so may reappear even if removed surgically. The opposite of benign is ………………………………. Complete these sentences using the words from Exercise 1. . The opposite of healthy is ……………………………… The opposite of open is ………………………………… The opposite of major is ……………………………… The opposite of reduce is ……………………………. She had an ________________ attack of shingles. alive chronic closed deteriorate front ill increase malignant minor rough Exercise 2. 2. Use one word from each pair of opposites. 7. 4. 3. causing his pulse rate to ________________. 2. He had to undergo ________________ surgery on his heart. One partner closes the book. 4. She put cream on her hands. Work with a partner and test each other. The hospital is ________________ to visitors from noon to five o'clock. The opposite of smooth is …………………………….. The calf muscles are at the ________________ of the lower leg. 6. 5. 9. There's nothing wrong with you: you're completely ________________. which were ________________ from heavy work. The doctor arrived too late: the patient was already ________________. The first one has been done for you as an example. 6. but now his condition has begun to ________________. Match the words in italics with their opposites in the box on the right. 1. 10. 3. Extension. 7.. 9.Opposites 2 Exercise 1. 10. while the other asks questions such as "What's the opposite of back?". He became excited. He was very ill. 1. 5. The opposite of back is ……front…………………… The opposite of acute is ……………………………… The opposite of dead is ………………………………… The opposite of improve is ……………………………. 8.

. 17.... 16....... 6.........………………………………… …………………………………………………………………….......... ...... 4............................... 1. ………………………………………………………………………………………….............. 21. 19. …………………………………………………………………………………………......…………………………………………………………………………………………...…………………………………………………………………………………………. .. …………………………………………………………………………………………... …………………………………………………………………………………………..........…………………………………………………………………. 14............ ...... . 30 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5)............. 13................ …………………………………………………………………………………………......…………………… …………………………………………………………………………………...... ………………………………………………………………………………………….…………………………………………………………………………………………... What do the following stand for? Check the ones you don't know in the dictionary...………………………………………………………………………………………….... ...... while the other asks questions such as "What does A & E stand for?".............. 18. .………........... 12..... Extension....... …………………………………………………………………………………………... 23.. One partner closes the book.. The first one has been done for you as an example. 8..…………………………………………………………………………………………....... 24..... ..... …………………………………………………………………………………………........ …………………………………………………………………………………………...... 9.....……………………………………………… ………………………………………………………............. 15. 25.....Abbreviations Test your medical abbreviations...... …………….. 22....... ………………………………………………………………………………………….. Work with a partner and test each other. .................. 3.. 11........ 20. ………………………………………………………………………………………….......... .…………………………………………………………………………………………................………………………………………………………………………………………….......... 2................................ 5.............. 7. 10........ A&E AIDS BMR CAT CHD D&V DOA GP HAV HIV MND OTC PM PMA PMT RQ RSI SAD SIDS STI TB TBI UV VDH WHO ……Accident & Emergency…………...……… …………………………………………………………………………………………..............…………………………………………………………………………………………...........

8. allergic reaction blister cough fever infectious 6. 1. swelling 10. caused by a herpes virus. …………………………………………………………………………………………………… An infectious disease of children. 1. spot 15. Tick the ones you understand. 7. 7. 3. The patient coughs very badly and makes a characteristic 'whoop' when inhaling after a coughing fit. …………………………………………………………………… A common infectious viral disease of children. It can weaken the body's resistance to other disease. 8. …………………………………………………………………………………………………… An infectious disease of children where the body is covered with a red rash. in which someone sneezes and coughs and has a blocked and running nose. 5. . especially bronchitis and ear infections. …………………………………………………………………………………………………… Inflammation in the nose and eyes caused by an allergic reaction to plant pollen. 31 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). 4. 5. mould spores. 9. resistance 12. It can cause stillbirth or malformation of an unborn baby if the mother catches the disease while pregnant. If caught by an adult it can be very serious. 6. inflammation itchy malformation malaise 11. common in children and sometimes very serious. with fever and swellings in the salivary glands. …………………………………………………………………… allergic rhinitis coryza infectious parotitis influenza pertussis rubella rubeola varicella 2. rash Read the descriptions below and match them to the names of the illnesses in the box on the right. 2.Symptoms & common illnesses 1 These words are all used to talk about illnesses: their symptoms and effects. sneeze 14. swollen lymph nodes and a rash. which is transmitted by a virus and can occur in epidemics. with mild fever. 3. dust mites or animal hair. caused by a paramyxovirus. …………………………………………………………………………………………………… An infectious disease of children. An illness. …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4. An infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract with fever and muscular aches. with inflammation of the nasal passages. …………………………………………………………………………………………………… An infectious disease affecting the bronchial tubes. and characterised by fever and red spots which turn to itchy blisters. Check the others in the dictionary. runny nose 13.

Measles is the same as 7. Many illnesses also have informal names. She's got a fever and this swelling. 3. Complete these six conversations between doctors and patients by writing in the name of the illness. What seems to be the trouble? My eyes and my nose are running all the time. It's probably a touch of …………………… Extension. And after I cough I make a noise when I try to breathe. He's got a rash and swelling in his armpits. Mm-hmm. yes I do. they are. Sounds like ………………………………… So. 1. Practise the conversations with a partner. It may be…………………………………… It's my daughter. Hmm. Mumps is the same as 8. INFORMAL 1. not very well. A cold is the same as 3. Do you have a fever? Umm. I've got a cough and a terrible cold. Where's the swelling? In her throat. Whooping cough is the same as FORMAL allergic rhinitis infectious parotitis coryza influenza rubella rubeola pertussis varicella Exercise 2. Does he have a fever? Yes. They're covered in these dreadful red spots. When did this begin? At the beginning of July. It's probably just …………………………… 5. what can I do for you? It's the twins. 32 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). . Hay fever is the same as 6. He may have……………………… 6. What's the problem? It's my son. Use the informal terms from the table above. It could be…………………………………… 4. How are you feeling? I've got this terrible cough. Are they experiencing any itching? Yes. The first one has been done for you as an example. How are you today? Oh. What's the problem? 2. The flu is the same as 4.Symptoms & common illnesses 2 Exercise 1. Match the informal and formal names listed below. I feel terrible. German measles is the same as 5. Chickenpox is the same as 2.

and resulting in diarrhoea and vomiting. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… A disorder of the brain. hearing and sight. as a result of bacterial action. causing patients to lose weight. in particular those which secrete mucus. Write a description of a disease or illness and see if your partner can recognise it. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… A hereditary disease in which there is malfunction of the exocrine glands such as the pancreas. in which healthy cells are replaced by scar tissue. a slow shuffling walk and difficulty in speaking. because the blood supply has been lost through injury or disease of the artery. infectious disease of children. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… An infectious disease in which infected lumps form in the tissue. The patient may have bad coordination of muscular movements. caused by a viral infection. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… A progressive nervous disorder without a known cause which is a type of Parkinsonism. especially unpasteurised milk. What is the disease or illness being described in each case? 1. Extension. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… A condition where the lens of the eye gradually becomes hard and opaque. A disorder of the nervous system in which there are convulsions and loss of consciousness due to disordered discharge of cerebral neurons. often associated with alcoholism. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… Inflammation of the membrane lining the intestines and the stomach. male infertility and malabsorption of food from the gastrointestinal tract. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… A serious. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… A condition where tissues die and decay. Its first symptoms are a sore throat. 9. 7. mainly due to brain damage occurring before birth. A fibrous growth like a membrane forms in the throat and can close the air passages. Its commonest form is infection of the lungs. the main symptoms of which are trembling hands. It is caught by breathing in germs or by eating contaminated food. using your dictionary as and when necessary. 3. 5. The disease is often fatal. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… A progressive disease of the liver. cough blood and have a fever. 8. followed by a slight fever. . 4. 2. or due to lack of oxygen during birth.Diagnosis Read the eleven descriptions which follow. 33 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). and sometimes mental retardation. impaired speech. rapid pulse and swelling of the glands in the neck. causing respiratory difficulties. 10. either because the patient is asphyxiated or because the heart becomes fatally weakened. 6.

3. .. as a man grows older.. 5.. … derived from the carotid artery. … from the larynx to the lungs. 9. Column A Column B 1. to digest fatty substances and to neutralise acids. vein.. complete and true... deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs for oxygenation. The trachea runs … i) 10. lines the joints and acts as a cushion. into four distinct sections.. 2.. 15. are secretory only.... b) Cartilage is thick connective tissue which … c) 4. .How it works Match the half-sentences in column A with the half-sentences in column B to make 18 sentences which are correct. Holocrine glands .. … carries blood round the body. .. can be used to detect and record organs or growths inside the body. . .. Fluid accumulates in the tissue … The autonomic nervous system works ... . . m) The very high frequency waves of ultrasound … Oxygen is essential … The supply of blood to the sublingual region is … The normal adult pulse … Blood groups may be classified … n) o) j) k) g) h) d) e) f) 6. . 16. … of patients suffering from dropsy.... . … is about 72 beats a minute.... …the chest muscles relax and the lungs become smaller... 8.… control the functioning of the other glands. stored in the gall bladder and used … The colon is divided . capillary) that … The pituitary gland secretes hormones that … The femur joins … Expiration takes place when … The pulmonary arteries take .. to human life. 12.. 11. ... . A blood vessel is any tube (artery. when a person is asleep or even unconscious... 34 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). the acetabulum at the hip and the tibia at the knee. 18. 14. a) . . The first one has been done for you as an example. according to the ABO system. l) 13. The prostate gland tends to enlarge .. 7.. p) q) r) 17. Bile is produced by the liver.

used to listen to sounds made inside the body __________ = an instrument for measuring temperature 5. bandage catheter curette drain forceps gag hook pipette probe scalpel sling splint stethoscope stretcher syringe thermometer tourniquet wheelchair 1. wheelchair = a chair with wheels in which someone can sit and move around __________ = a small sharp-pointed knife used in surgery __________ = an instrument used to explore inside a cavity or wound __________ = a surgical instrument with handles like a pair of scissors. allowing a liquid to be sucked into it __________ = a tube passed into the body along one of the passages in the body __________ = a piece of cloth which is wrapped around a wound or an injured limb __________ = a triangular bandage attached around the neck. 6. used for scraping the inside of an organ __________ = a thin glass tube used for taking and measuring samples of liquid __________ = an instrument or tight bandage wrapped round a limb to constrict an artery. 9. 7. 16. with handles. Work with a partner and test each other. 10. 18. 8. or slides up the tube. on which an injured person can be carried by two people __________ = a stiff support attached to a limb to prevent a broken bone from moving __________ = two earpieces connected to a tube and a metal disc. Extension. used to support an injured arm and prevent it from moving __________ = a folding bed. For example: "What do you call a chair with wheels in which someone can sit and move around?" 35 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). 2. The first one has been done for you as an example. 4. used for holding and pulling __________ = a surgical instrument like a long thin spoon. 11. 14. 12. 3. . so reducing the flow of blood and stopping bleeding from a wound __________ = a surgical instrument with a bent end used for holding structures apart in operations __________ = a tube used to remove liquid from the body __________ = an instrument placed between the teeth to stop the mouth from closing __________ = a medical instrument made of a tube with a plunger which either slides down inside the tube. forcing the contents out through a needle as in an injection. 15.Instruments and equipment Match each of the following instruments and items of equipment with its correct description below. 13. made in different sizes and with differently shaped ends. 17.

................................ 14..... 10..... 19................... (c) .. used to sterilise water soft yellow-coloured precious metal... while the other says the names.............. .... 36 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5).Chemistry What are the names for the symbols of the chemical elements and compounds in the table below? Complete the 'name' column and connect each substance to the notes which refer to it.......... ... 7..... (n) .................. used in combination with other gases as an anaesthetic in dentistry and surgery colourless gas which is present in air and essential to human life one of the common non-metallic elements which is an essential component of living matter and organic chemical compounds an essential part of the red pigment in red blood cells... 3........ (q) ............ (r) ... (k) ... 8.. used as a compound in various drugs..................... . 11.... 5.................. 16..... (e) ........ Notes (a) acid found in the gastric juices which helps to break apart the food acid which forms cyanide main alkaloid substance found in tobacco used as a contrast when taking X-ray photographs of soft tissue the basic substance in salt metallic element which is the basis of a radioactive isotope used to treat cancer colourless gas with a sweet smell.............. then work with a partner to test each other: one person writes the symbol.. The first one has been done for you as an example........ (s) .............................. (d) ................ 13... (b) ... 17.................. (o) (p) .......... 18... .................. (t) Extension..... (j) (f) (g) (h) (i) ..... 4....................sodium (e). 12.. (l) (m) ... found in liver and eggs gas which combines with oxygen to form water heavy soft metallic element which is poisonous in compounds very light gas used in combination with oxygen....... Symbol 1.... Check the pronunciation of the 20 elements and compounds......... especially to relieve asthma or sickness caused by decompression light metallic element which does not corrode gas which is the main component of air and an essential part of protein metallic element which is the major component of bones and teeth powerful greenish gas......... 6...................... 20......... 9... and sometimes as a filling for teeth white metallic trace element yellow non-metallic element found in some amino acids . Na Ca Pb Ti Ba Zn Fe Co Cl He S Au O H HCl N HCN C N2O C10H14N2 Name ........... 2....... 15. ............. ...........

.... 4................ AHLIOPST 11........ 8..... 1. 7..... AEELPRS AAAPPRSTU BCEEIPRRS 10... Physical or mental activity………………………………… The ability of a person not to get a disease………………..... 6...................…..... Give instructions for a person to receive a specific dosage of a drug...... 2........................ Write your answers in the grid to find the mystery word spelled by their initial letters... 1........ CEEEIRSX ACEEINRSST Mystery word: a person specially trained to operate a machine to take X-ray photographs 37 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5)............ 2. Action of breathing……………………………………… Sensitivity to certain substances...………………………… A female child of a parent………………………………… Cut in a person's body made by a surgeon using a scalpel…………. 3....... AEINOOPRT EGGLNOOORTY 7.... 6....................... RAEINOPRIST AEGLLRY 3... ADEGHRTU CIIINNOS 5.. 12. 12. Place where sick or injured people are looked after…………….......... Surgical intervention……………………………………….............................. Becoming worse after seeming to get better…………… Equipment used in a laboratory or hospital……………... such as pollen or dust which cause a physical reaction.. 10........….... 9.... 11.Anagrams 1 Solve the anagrams by reading the clues and putting the letters in order to form words. 4...... Study of the process of ageing and the diseases of old people……... 9............. 5.................... .. 8.....

funnily enough (7) Eye socket (5) Narrow part of the body below the chest and above the buttocks (5) The major detoxicating organ (5) Hard growth which forms on the top surface at the end of each finger and toe (4) Cheekbone (6) Protects the brain (5) At the end of your arm (4) The throat or neck. Type of nerve ending or cell (8) 27. 24. 5. A white oily substance in the body. . 38 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). which stores energy and protects the body against cold (3) 25. Breathing organs (5) 15. legs and head (5) A major artery (5) Connected to 8 across. 12. An organ which secretes substances which act elsewhere in the body (5) 24. It grows on your head (4) 11. Joins the femur and the tibia (4) 2. 9. 19. For hearing with (3) 27 DOWN 1.Parts of the body crossword 1 All the answers in this crossword are parts of the body. Main part of the body. The organ which moves blood around your body (5) 21. The first part of the small intestine (8) 8. They carry blood to 11 across (5) 17. Tissue which forms the outside surface of the body (4) 26. Cell in the nervous system which transmits impulses (6) 22. 20. Part of the body with which a person sees (3) 18. The organ into which food passes after being swallowed and where the process of digestion continues (7) 6. 23. 16. without the arms. 7. Hinged joint in the arm (5) 10. 13. major artery (7) The back of each joint on a person's hand (7) Bundle of fibres which take impulses from one part of the body to another (5) End part of the leg on which a person stands (4) 20 7 9 12 15 10 13 16 2 3 4 5 14. It cleans your blood (6) 3. The upper chambers of 18 across (5) 12. 1 6 8 11 14 17 18 19 21 22 23 24 25 26 ACROSS 1. 4. 18.

Don't show your crossword to your partner. . "What's one across?" across. 3. Don't say the word in the crossword. Speak only in English. down 1 2 3 4 R E 5 6 A I T S E H E A N R T A T T I A C H K 7 8 G 9 N 10 11 I N 12 13 14 15 A H E A R E G A S A 16 F 17 G I T T 20 N A I L E 18 19 A P E A X A 22 21 R 23 P 24 L 25 26 S E E R E T E G 27 28 L G 39 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). The other half are on sheet B. Then work with a partner who has sheet B to complete the two crosswords. Follow these three rules: 1.Communicative crossword 1 sheet A This crossword is not complete: you have only half the words. Check that you know the words in your crossword. 2.

Follow these three rules: 1. Don't say the word in the crossword. Then work with a partner who has sheet A to complete the two crosswords.Communicative crossword 1 sheet B This crossword is not complete: you have only half the words. down 1 2 3 4 S C 5 L E E P A Y 6 H I 7 T 8 Z O P 12 Y G O T 9 E 10 11 P I 13 14 L A C E Y B O V E R 15 H R E 17 G L 16 E L G L A S H E C A N S N O T T 19 D O S E N I 18 A 20 I S 21 22 H 23 24 25 26 I P 27 N S P E C T I 28 S H O U L D E R L E G 40 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). 3. The other half are on sheet A. Check that you know the words in your crossword. . 2. "What's one across?" across. Don't show your crossword to your partner. Speak only in English.

BCEEMRRU AAEEGRV 3. . 12. ACEINORT ABEHIORUV BEEORSV CCHIPU 7.Anagrams 2 Solve the anagrams by reading the clues and putting the letters in order to form words. Value calculated by adding together several quantities and dividing the total by the number of quantities…………… Effect produced by a stimulus……………………………… Way of acting………………………………………………. 8.. 11. Main part of the brain………………………………………. To notice or to see something and understand it………… Spasm causing sudden inhalation followed by closure of the glottis which makes a characteristic sound…………. 10... Causing vomiting…………………………………………. Write your answers in the grid to find the mystery word spelled by their initial letters.. To become worse…………………………………………. Not asleep………………………………………………….. 4. 1. ANWY ADEEIORRTTE AAEILNORTX AAEKW AEEHRTT TMECEI 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Mystery word: found in sugar and starch. 9. Reducing strain or stress……………………………………. Reflex action when tired or sleepy………………………….. Operating room……………………………………………. and provides the body with energy 41 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). 2. 5 6.

The clues listed beneath will help you to find all of the words. 4. to be examined under a microscope Small round mark or pimple To swallow a medicine To remove or drain liquid from part of the body Muscle formed of three parts. 22. 25. sometimes with a curtain. 17. . 27. 10. 8. 15. 18. 6. 24. 11. 21. 19. on which a tissue sample is placed. 16.Word search Find the 28 medical terms and expressions hidden in the letters below. 7. etc. 13. P E N D E M I C D F A I A C L I N I C H O S T R T N S H O C O S R U S E T A T I Y A L T E N L D I N A S A L O R E E I S S C P P G L G I N A D O O R A S H E I L I V E R N E A S E R S P O T W E E A G E H G T R I C E P S S T A K E W O M B T H E R N I A N M M B L O C U M O O C B R P E L N N 1. which can be moved about and put round a bed to shield the patient Piece of glass. 5. 14 read across and 14 read down. 23. 9. which are joined to form one tendon Not dry Uterus 42 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). 2. found in liver. 12. and then disappears Light wall. 20. 14. Large gland in the upper part of the abdomen Speech defect where the patient has difficulty in pronouncing 's' sounds and replaces them with 'th' Doctor who takes the place of another doctor for a time Referring to the nose One of the two passages in the nose through which air is breathed in or out Gland which lies across the back of the body between kidneys Doctor who examines dead bodies to find out the cause of death Mass of small spots which stays on the skin for a period of time. 3. The first word has been found for you as an example. eggs. 28. 26. Number of years that a person has lived Substance which produces hypersensitivity Lack of tone or tension in the muscles Decubitus ulcer Small hospital or department in a large hospital which deals only with walking patients or which specialises in the treatment of certain conditions Hormone secreted in small quantities by the adrenal cortex To make pain or worry less Referring to any disease which is very common in certain places Condition where an organ bulges through a hole or weakness in the wall which surrounds it Person or animal on which a parasite lives Protected against an infection or allergic disease Chemical element essential to the body.

Then work with a partner who has sheet B to complete the two crosswords.Communicative crossword 2 sheet A This crossword is not complete: you have only half the words. down 1 2 3 4 5 6 R E 8 R 7 C H A I N R E T E N D O N E T I 9 D U C 10 11 R R A M 12 13 T I O 15 C E E 14 P U 17 C 16 H E A C 18 L T H N O C H 21 T 19 T I O N 23 24 R I P A 20 A T E 22 B N O 25 L E M A N I 26 C L R 27 S A L I M I G N M A 28 O S E L 43 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). 2. . Don't show your crossword to your partner. 3. Speak only in English. Check that you know the words in your crossword. Don't say the word in the crossword. The other half are on sheet B. "What's one across?" across. Follow these three rules: 1.

The other half are on sheet A. down 1 2 3 4 5 6 R E C U O V I E R 7 H N T O M E 8 D O R E M A B 9 L 10 11 A R Y N X E 12 13 14 H 15 16 N E U R 17 O C N 18 Y T P O A 19 20 21 B O T T L E C O U N T H 22 23 24 O 25 26 E E R M I L 27 I V A 28 L Y M P H A D E N O M A 44 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). Check that you know the words in your crossword. Follow these three rules: 1. Don't show your crossword to your partner. . Speak only in English.Communicative crossword 2 sheet B This crossword is not complete: you have only half the words. 3. Then work with a partner who has sheet A to complete the two crosswords. 2. Don't say the word in the crossword. "What's one across?" across.

16. 14. Inside layer of the eye which is sensitive to light (6) 7. Air passage from the trachea to the lungs (8) 15. 23. . 20. point from which a limb grows (4) 22. hearing. at the end of the backbone (6) 17. One of ten found on 23 across (3) 45 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). One of two muscles in the top part of the back which moves the shoulder blades (8) 18. artery or vein (5) 4. All the bones which make up a body (8) 2. Organ used for hearing (3) Sight. Encephalon (5) 6.Parts of the body crossword 2 All the answers to this crossword are parts of the body. Joint between the hand and the forearm (5) 3. Radix. One of the calcified pieces of connective tissue which make 1 down (4) 5. Wall between two parts of an organ (6) 21. fat flesh (4) 19. Cavity inside the body. 11. Main muscle in 13 across (8) 12. Part of the body which joins the head to the body (4) 14. smell. forehead and nose (5) 10. 21. In the middle of your face (4) 9. taste and touch (6) It connects your foot to your leg (5) Thorax (5) Other side to the front (4) Egg-producing organ (5) Clavicle (10) One of twenty-four inside 13 across Plural of foot (4) DOWN 1. Ligament (5) 4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 18 20 16 17 19 21 22 23 ACROSS 1. Branch of a nerve. Human tail. including the cavities inside the head behind the cheekbone. 8. Soft. 13.

(3) 16. (7) 7. the solution will ______ blue. (4) 8. to the person's actual age. Can I make an ______ to see Dr Jones? (11) 26. (4) 17. (8) 5. The doctor put her to ______ with a powerful narcotic. (4) 9. (9) 24. Blood ______ were taken from all the staff in the hospital. He went to see an ______ specialist about his deafness. 20. (6) 21. The ______ is the ratio of a person's mental age. (5) 23. He ______ a new type of catheter. given by an intelligence test. (5) 18. Anorexic patients may become ______ and may need hospitalisation. (4) 27. . Fear of snakes is a common ______. (8) 2. The drug begins acting after a very short ______. (5) 14. (4) 22. (8) 6. (5) 11. (5) 10. When she cut her finger it ______. We will ______ the operating theatre with the latest scanning devices. The doctor ______ the patient's broken arm. There is a ______ of names in alphabetical order. The box is so heavy she can't ______ it off the floor.Gap fill crossword Complete the crossword with the missing words from the sentences. The lining of the uterus is ______ during menstruation. Her ______ rate was very irregular. He became hysterical and had to be put under ______. We have ______ out the extent of the tumour. He breathed in the smoke from the fire and it made him ______. (3) 19. The surgeon was able to move the organ back to its ______ position. (5) 25. The patient suffers from an allergic ______ to oranges. There were two hundred ______ of cholera in the recent outbreak. (8) 12. Sugar is a source of ______ . (2) 46 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). (6) 13. (6) 14. (4). The clinic has a ______ of 100. (5) 4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 12 13 10 14 16 17 18 19 22 24 25 20 21 23 15 26 27 ACROSS 1. (8) DOWN 1 The catheter is ______ into the passage. She gave ______ to twins. She must have a cold .her ______ is running. When you add the reagent. (4) 15. How can you afford this ______ treatment? (9) 3.

2. Follow these three rules: 1.Communicative crossword 3 sheet A This crossword is not complete: you have only half the words. Don't show your crossword to your partner. down 1 2 3 4 N E 6 T 5 A L 7 A R S 8 L P A R T U S I G 9 10 T E C H T N I C I A A N 11 12 E 13 L D 14 15 S T 17 O 16 N E S 19 D E F E N E 18 R 20 S A G 24 I 21 22 23 L P E N M D E N C C E A L D D E 47 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). . 3. Check that you know the words in your crossword. The other half are on sheet B. Speak only in English. Then work with a partner who has sheet B to complete the two crosswords. Don't say the word in the crossword. "What's one across?" across.

. Don't say the word in the crossword. The other half are on sheet A. Speak only in English.Communicative crossword 3 sheet B This crossword is not complete: you have only half the words. "What's one across?" across. 3. 2. Don't show your crossword to your partner. Check that you know the words in your crossword. down 1 2 3 4 E P 6 X A N M I N A T I O N 5 H U R A B L E 7 I L E 8 N C Y L O S T P S R O S 9 P R I E T A R Y 10 Y T O 11 12 N A A T E R N O 14 15 M 13 A L R C O W R A S 16 I 17 E I T 18 L E M E N T I S T 20 E 19 R E S O L O V E C 21 22 23 I 24 N 48 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). Then work with a partner who has sheet A to complete the two crosswords. Follow these three rules: 1.

6. __________ canines. . community nurses. 5. Name four sources of Vitamin D. "In human anatomy.Quiz How many of these questions can you answer? 1. and the foot a dorsal and a __________ surface. 9. 49 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5). Work with a partner and write a medical knowledge quiz. 12. platelets and plasma. Make sure you know the answers. 11. 4. 7. social services and lay members? If a patient is living at home and going to a hospital for treatment. The modern classification is into two categories. otherwise known as adult teeth. __________ premolars and __________ molars. 10. [T / F] The liver maintains the circulation of the blood around the body by its pumping action. are formed of eight incisors." What is the difference between myopia and hypermetropia? Which of the following substances are poisonous? arsenic cyanide fructose glucose polyunsaturated fat starch strychnine Fill the gaps in the sentence with the correct numbers. is he/she classed as an "inpatient" or an "outpatient"? What is the child's term for the stomach or abdomen? Are the following statements true or false? [T / F] Blood is formed of red and white corpuscles. Then ask the questions to another pair of students in the class." What is the term for an organisation responsible for overseeing the provision of primary healthcare and the commissioning of secondary care in a district. burns were classified by degrees (first-degree burn and second-degree burn). What are these categories? 3. Complete the following sentence. Key members include GPs. 8. Extension. the hand has a dorsal and a palmar surface. [T / F] A mastectomy is a surgical operation to deliver a baby by cutting through the abdominal wall into the uterus. "Permanent teeth. 2. What is the normal average human body temperature? To which part of the body do words beginning with "gastr-" refer? Formerly.

. definition.) This page can be photocopied. 50 For reference see A & C Black Dictionary of Medical Terms (0 7136 7603 5).Vocabulary Record Sheet WORD CLASS NOTES (Translation. etc. example.