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Civil Design Help

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Foundation Design Philosophy for Vertical Vessel / Tower
Home Vertical Vessel/Tower Horizontal Vessel Tube & Shell Exchanger Rotating Equipment Storage Tank on Ring Beam Equipment on Skid Pipe Rack Transformer Pit Anchor Bolt Stack Foundation Help & More Help Feed Back About me Site Link In this page I will talk about Vertical vessel/Tower equipment foundation load calculation. Following are some pictures of Vertical vessel /Tower:

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Picture-1 (Left) - A tall tower vessel resting on skirt and on Foundation. Picture-2 (Right) - A small vertical vessel resting on legs and on fpundation. Now you will follow the following steps to start the foundation load calculation and design: Step-1 : Review of vessel drawing (Vendor Equipment Drawing) You need to review Vessel drawings from foundation design point of view and check whether you have all the following information: Vessel Erection weight (De1): Vessel Empty weight (De2): Vessel Operating weight (Do): Vessel Hydrotest weight (Dt): Wind Shear and Moment Seismic Shear and Moment (if the Project site is at Seismic zone) Total Height of vessel Vessel Center of Gravity location for Seismic load calculation and application Anchor bolt location (Bolt circle Dia) with respect to center of vessel and also bolt offset with respect to Plant North line. Anchor bolt supporting detail ( Anchor bolt size and detail of anchor chair) Base plate detail Step-2 : Verification of foundation location, elevation and external fittings loads You need to review Plot plan, Equipment location drawings and 3 -D Models and check whether you have all the following information: Verify the area available for foundation.

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Vessel Empty weight (De2): The empty weight is the in-place weight of the completed vessel. you need to consider the pipes and platforms attached with the vessel. However. Compare both the data (vendor load data and your calculated data) and apply the critical one for foundation design.. piping. Compare both the data (vendor load data and your calculated data) and apply critical one for foundation design. platforms. Tension Check: The maximum tension force in the anchor bolts (Tmax) may be calculated according with following formula: Tmax = 4*M / (Nb x BCD) . and platforms. use multiples of 25mm for each octagonal side or side of square. Data from Equipment drawings. Vessel Operating weight (Do): from Equipment drawings.html Verify Foundation location and Elevation Pipe supports and Nozzle loads on Equipment (Dp) Location and size of Platforms around the vessel Locations of underground pipes Electrical and Instrument duct banks Locations and extent of adjacent foundations Verify the location and extent of new/existing foundations not shown in 3D model or plot plan. Corrosion allowance should be considered when required by the project design criteria. you have to calculate this load based on project design basis. All other pedestals shall be square in shape. Step-3 : Description of Foundation Loads: Please follow this section to understand the different loads on foundation: Vessel Erection weight (De1): The erection weight is the fabricated weight of the vessel. insulation.5m shall be octagonal in shape. you have to calculate this load based on project design basis. Data from Equipment drawing. Step-4 : Pedestal Sizing Criteria: Concrete pedestals supporting vertical vessels shall be sized according to the following criteria: Face-to-face pedestal size shall be the larger of the following: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Bolt circle + 175mm Bolt circle + 8 x bolt diameters Bolt circle + sleeve diameter + 150mm Diameter of baseplate + 100mm Bolt circle + 2 x (minimum bolt edge distance) Pedestals having a diameter or least dimension across sides that is equal to or greater than 1. Step-5 : Anchor Bolt Check: Design of anchor bolts shall be based on the following considerations. Vessel Hydrotest weight (Dt): Vessel Empty weight (De2) + Weight of Fluid inside the vessel. you need to consider the pipes and platforms attached with the For ease of forming. Data Vessel Empty weight (De2) + Weight of test water Pipe supports and Nozzle loads on Equipment (Dp): Please Coordinate with the Pipe Stress Group for determination of nozzle loads and loads due to pipe supports attached to the vessel. plus the weight of internals. but excluding the weight of fluids or products which will be contained in the vessel during operation. However. that are actually erected with the vessel. During wind load calculation. During seismic load calculation. plus internals. including the fabricated weight of the vessel.(De1 or De2) / Nb 2 of 4 3/16/2012 12:24 PM . It is desirable to make the pedestal deep enough to contain the anchor bolts and keep them out of the mat. Seismic Shear and Moment (if the Project site is at Seismic zone): You will find this load data in vendor drawings.Civil Design Help http://civildesignhelp. Wind Shear and Moment: You will find this load data in vendor drawings. etc.

M = total maximum moment on foundation BCD = Bolt circle diameter Nb = no.6 ( Dt) + 1. or other anchorage devices.0 E LC12: 0. Step-6 : Load combinations for foundation sizing / Pile loads and Foundation design: You need to create the load combination per your project design criteria.6 Wind LC9: 1. spacing and load capacity shall be as per project design criteria. For seismic-induced shear. Shear Check: When anchor bolts are utilized to resist shear.4 De2 (or 1.Civil Design Help http://civildesignhelp.4 or specified in project design criteria. Frictional resistance shall not be employed to resist shear induced by seismic loads. anchor bolts should be designed to resist tension only.4*(Do + Dp) LC8: 0.75 (1. The above formula provides a conservative value of Tmax compared to the concrete transformed section method. of anchor bolt Use De1 or De2 whichever is critical. Please note that anchor bolt edge distance.75 (1. shear lugs.html Where. you have learnt the following: Different types of loads on foundation Different criterias for the pedestal sizing Maximum tension and shear force on each anchor bolt A sample load combinations. I have created this load combination based on ACI 318: Load combination for Foundation sizing and Pile load calculation (un-factored load calculation): LC1: LC2: LC3: LC4: LC5: LC6: Do + Dp (De1 or De2) + Wind De2 + Seismic Do + Dp + Wind Do + Dp + Seismic Dt + 025*Wind Load combination for Pedestal and Foundation design (factored load calculation): LC7: 1. When oversized anchor bolt holes are provided in the vessel base plates or when anchor bolt sleeves that are not grout-filled are used. Frictional resistance to shear between the vessel base plate and the concrete or grouted bearing surface shall be utilized to resist shears induced by wind or by other static loads. The static coefficient of friction between steel and concrete or between steel and cementitious grout shall be considered as 0. adequate mechanical means shall be provided to resist horizontal shear. V = total shear force on anchor bolt. Now from above steps. either by means of properly detailed anchor bolt / bolt hole arrangements or through a combination of anchor bolts. However. the unit shear per bolt shall be calculated as follows: Vmax = V / Nb where. the design shall be based on satisfying interaction formula (say Appendix-d of ACI 318).4 Do + 1.2 (Do + Dp) + 1.4 De1)] +1.0 E LC10: 0.25 W) The weight of the foundation and of the soil on top of the foundation shall be included as dead load in all of these load combinations.75 [1. Tension Shear Interaction check: When anchor bolts are subjected to combined shear and tension loads.6 Wind LC11: 1.2 De2 +1.4 Dp) + 1. 3 of 4 3/16/2012 12:24 PM .

5.1. All definitions and most of the explanations are taken from different text books and international design codes. A calculation sheet for foundation and pedestal reinforcement calculation per your project design criteria. Please donate generously for more development of this site: Copyright 2009. Please do not print or copy of this page or any part of this page without written permission from Subhro Roy.Civil Design Help http://civildesignhelp. 4 of 4 3/16/2012 12:24 PM . which are referenced in the Question from visitor: How do I calculate the wind load on vertical vessel? Answer from Subhro: Refer "Wind load and anchor bolts design for petrochemical facility by ASCE" I hope this page will be very helpful to you to understand the basic foundation loads of a Vertical Vessel / Tower. Disclaimer: This page is prepared based on experience on Civil Engineering Design.html To complete the foundation design. your work will be to create following calculation sheets: A calculation sheet for anchor bolt embedment length check (ex: ACI 318 appendix-D).vessel anchor bolt design. A calculation sheet for foundation sizing (considering soil bearing pressure.1 . Any similarity of the content or part of with any company document is simply a coincidence. compression and shear on each pile) calculation and check with soil consultant for acceptable values. Subhro Roy is not responsible for that. For typical Platform and foundation for a Vertical Vessel / Tower click here Discussions: Question from visitor: What is the reference of anchor bolt tension calculation formula? Answer from Subhro: Refer "ASCE task committee on anchor bolt design" clause #3. Buoyancy and overturning) or pile load (tension. All rights reserved. Sliding.