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Qatar

Imports: CIF, by origin

Exports: FOB, by last known destination

Trade System: Special

Overview:
After several years of continuous growth marked by a peak of 54.9 bln US$ in 2008, the value of exports of Qatar dropped in 2009 by 9.9
percent to reach 49.5 bln US$ (see table 1 and graph 1). From 2005 and 2008, imports increased on average by 40.5 percent each year to 27.9
bln US$ (see table 2). In 2008, trade recorded a surplus of 27.0 bln US$ (see graph 1). This surplus came largely from trade with Developed
Asia-Pacific (+17.0 bln US$) (see graph 2). Trade was also in surplus with Eastern Asia (+9.5 bln US$), South-eastern Asia (+7.4 bln US$) and
Southern Asia (+2.1 bln US$). Deficits were recorded with Developed Europe (-6.7 bln US$) and Western Asia (-3.9 bln US$). Qatar's exports
were concentrated among a few partners in 2009: 8 major partners accounted for 80 percent of exports (see graph 3).

Graph 1: Total imports, exports and trade balance
(Bln US$ by year)
Exports

60

Imports

Table 1: Exports by SITC sections

Trade Balance

(Value in million US$, growth and shares in percentage)

50

SITC
Total
0+1
2+4
3
5
6
7
8
9

40
30
20
10
(na)

0

2009

Avg. Growth rates (%)
2005-2009 2008-2009

49 473.4
45.3
67.3
35 174.5
2 225.6
517.7
879.4
79.9
10 483.7

17.7
8.7
8.2
13.0
13.5
48.4
31.6
4.3
45.8

2009
share

-9.9
71.7
-47.6
-30.6
8.5
21.1
16.3
55.0
1244.0

100.0
0.1
0.1
71.1
4.5
1.0
1.8
0.2
21.2

(na)

−10
−20

09

08

Table 2: Imports by SITC sections
(Value in million US$, growth and shares in percentage)

20

07

20

06

20

05

20

04

20

03

20

02

20

01

20

00

20

99

20

98

19

97

19

96

19

19

19

95

−30

Exports Profile:
Exports of Qatar were mainly composed of 71.1 percent of mineral fuels, lubricants
and related materials (SITC section 3), which decreased by 30.6 percent in 2009 (see
table 1). Other major commodity groups for exports in 2009 were commodities and
transactions not classified elsewhere (SITC section 9) and chemicals and related
products, n.e.s. (SITC section 5), respectively 21.2 and 4.5 percent of exports. Major
partners for exports included Japan, Republic of Korea and India (see table 4). From
2007 to 2009, top exported products were petroleum products: petroleum gases and
other gaseous hydrocarbons (HS code 2711), petroleum oils, crude (HS code 2709)
and petroleum oils, other than crude (HS code 2710) (see table 3). They accounted
respectively for 39.4, 28.4 and 21.2 percent of exported goods in 2009.

SITC
Total
0+1
2+4
3
5
6
7
8
9

2008

Avg. Growth rates (%)
2005-2008 2007-2008

27 900.0
1 608.4
732.4
185.6
1 548.8
7 159.5
14 354.6
2 176.7
134.1

40.5
36.2
47.0
97.1
32.9
43.6
42.7
27.3
9.7

2008
share

19.1
48.7
14.7
49.8
31.8
20.3
16.2
5.8
155.5

100.0
5.8
2.6
0.7
5.6
25.7
51.4
7.8
0.5

Table 3: Top 10 export commodities 2007 to 2009
(Value in million US$)
HS
code

4-digit heading of Harmonized System 2002
All Commodities............................................................................................................
2711 Petroleum gases and other gaseous hydrocarbons......................................................
2709 Petroleum oils, crude.....................................................................................................
9999 Commodities not specified according to kind...............................................................
2710 Petroleum oils, other than crude...................................................................................
3901 Polymers of ethylene, in primary forms.........................................................................
3102 Mineral or chemical fertilisers, nitrogenous.................................................................
8703 Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport...............
2903 Halogenated derivatives of hydrocarbons.....................................................................
7208 Flat-rolled products of iron or non-alloy steel...............................................................
2905 Acyclic alcohols and their derivatives...........................................................................

2007

Value (million US$)
2008
2009

42 019.9
16 800.2
19 181.2
269.9
1 632.3
1 332.9
896.2
137.4
285.8
187.2
453.3

Source: UN Comtrade

54 912.1
23 100.8
25 760.6
780.0
1 825.4
1 396.6
1.1
316.8
309.7
301.5
...

49 473.4
19 493.2
14 053.0
10 483.7
1 622.9
1 133.0
785.5
188.4
0.2
0.1
0.3

Unit value
2007 2008 2009
Unit

0.4
0.5

0.6
0.7

0.7
1.4
0.3

0.7
1.5
0.4

6.0
0.6 0.6
0.6 1.1
0.5

0.4
0.4

US$/kg
US$/kg

SITC
code

343
333
931
0.6 US$/kg 334
1.1 US$/kg 571
0.3 US$/kg 562
thsd US$/unit 781
1.5 US$/kg 511
0.6 US$/kg 673
0.8 US$/kg 512

...... Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (SITC section 6) increased by 20. India.6 0...................8 355............0 0.... seamless.......Qatar Graph 2: Trade Balance by MDG Regions in 2008 Graph 3: Partner concentration of trade in 2009 (Bln US$) (Cumulative share by ranked partners) Developed Asia−Pacific Imports (Herfindahl Index = 0) Developed Europe Exports (Herfindahl Index = 0..0 0.4 3 364..1 7.......... nes.................... of iron (other than cast iron).......7 12.8 ........0 24................ ............. boiler shells.. Other Europe..... 0.....2 31........4 US$/kg 1 236... 0.0 3 Shares by SITC sections (%) 5 6 7 8 71.0 0..... 0...1 0..1 3...8 8..1 ..1 0.... Total 49 473... 2006 Value (million US$) 2007 2008 16 440.......8 6..............5 552...1 1.........3 SITC code 781 679 773 747 723 691 931 741 742 782 ....0 0...6 2... Areas.0 .0 0...0 ... nes..2 percent and accounted for 51..5 68......9 4..... 8704 Motor vehicles for the transport of goods..8 200.......1 0......0 0.....8 0... percentages of country total) Country World.6 596.3 percent and accounted for 25.8 1 306.......3 7...1 0.....0 0. Japan..2 83.. United Arab Emirates...0 0...........6 1. 7304 Tubes.. 8703 Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport...... top imported products included motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport (HS code 8703).0 0..0 US$/kg 696......5 81........3 0.0 76.7 44... pipes and hollow profiles......... Singapore... Belgium.0 2 635...4 774. nes...........6 6.5 1.0 0...... Caribbean Eastern Asia Southern Asia South−eastern Asia Table 4: Exports by principal countries and SITC sections in 2009 (Value in million US$..... cable (HS code 8544) (see table 5)..... 8431 Parts suitable for use principally with the machinery of headings 84.... 7308 Structures (excluding prefabricated buildings of heading 94................0 17......9 83.124) Top partner Developed N......4 11 076...6 356.........1 0...............0 0....... 0..3 2.....3 658.....4 23.......0 0........2 366....1 144....9 15. of iron (other than cast iron) (HS code 7304) and insulated (including enamelled or anodised) wire. Table 5: Top 10 import commodities 2006 to 2008 (Value in million US$) HS code 4-digit heading of Harmonized System 2002 All Commodities.. America Top partner South−eastern Europe 5 th 5 th 10 th 10 th 15 th 15 th 20 th 20 th 25 th 25 th CIS Northern Africa Sub−Saharan Africa Latin Am.0 0...........5 23..5 US$/kg 726. 9999 Commodities not specified according to kind..........9 1 053.. imports of machinery and transport equipment (SITC section 7) increased by 16......1 US$/kg 129.9 3 828.....3 911.7 Source: UN Comtrade 23 429...........4 0.7 99.......9 6... 8419 Machinery..1 4...0 586.. Other Asia. 8481 Taps..... of Korea....1 16..... cable...0 0..5 0........ 8413 Pumps for liquids.2 0... tubes. seamless.0 0....0 0...0 9.4 percent of imported goods (see table 2).....3 314. From 2006 to 2008......2 2 279. 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 % 0% 10 80 % % 60 40 % 20 0% % 20 % % 40 60 80 10 0% 18 16 14 8 10 12 6 4 2 0 −4 −2 −6 −8 Oceania % Western Asia Imports Profile: In 2008....5 0....2 1 336..0 ...0 thsd US$/unit 2 080. cocks..... 1....... Rep..........0 7.. whether or not fitted with a measuring device.8 Unit value 2006 2007 2008 Unit 27 900.1 0..... plant or laboratory equipment..0 0.......4 4..0 0.3 ..3 374.........4 467..0 9 330...................4 1 323...8 0...8 0..5 6 891..... pipes and hollow profiles..7 13.0 thsd US$/unit 537....1 0..5 0+1 2+4 0...0 0.8 30.......................7 890..0 .....2 1...06)....4 9....0 4.6 0.0 0...........2 732....6 36... 9 Total 21....9 1...... Thailand................6 687.7 74.....4 61. valves and similar appliances for pipes.......7 US$/kg 859........8 1 038.0 0. 8544 Insulated (including enamelled or anodised) wire....2 1 583.......0 0....5 0...3 16... 0...............2 6.......8 9.2 0.....8 90.........1 530..............0 ...0 0..7 percent...............25....9 428.......6 11...........7 0.