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March 22, 2012

Planned and presented by Sponsored by

CED Webinar Series 2012

Today’s panelists are:
Jeff Finkelstein Senior Director, Network Architecture Cox Communications Eve Griliches
Principal Analyst ACG Research

Principal Solutions Architect Packet Optical Networking Fujitsu Network Communications

Bill Beesley

Bandwidth Growth Drivers
Jeff Finkelstein Cox Communications

CED Webinar Series 2012

Eras of Consumer Speeds 100G 10G 1G 100M 10M 1M 100k 1 Gbps 100 Mbps 200 Mbps 12 Mbps 1 Mbps 50 Mbps 256 kbps 5 Mbps 56 kbps 512 kbps 28.4 kbps 300 bps 10k 1k 100 10 1 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018 2022 2026 2030 .6 kbps 33.4 kbps 1.2 kbps 2.6 kbps 14.8 kbps 128 kbps 9.

264 4K 4K 4K HD 1080P60 10 Mbps H.264 .264 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K HD 4K 35 Mbps H.SD 2 Mbps MPEG2 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 1080 P 1080 P 1080 P 4K 4K 4K 720P SD 1080 P 4K 4K 4K 720P 720P 1080 P 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K HD 720P60 6 Mbps H.

265 .265 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K HD 4K 17 Mbps H.SD 2 Mbps MPEG2 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 1080 P 1080 P 1080 P 4K 4K 4K 720P SD 1080 P 4K 4K 4K 720P 720P 1080 P 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K 4K HD 720P60 3 Mbps H.265 4K 4K 4K HD 1080P60 5 Mbps H.

Capex and Cost Time 2011 .2002 2003 capex 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 unit cost revenue per bit 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 Network Growth.

Why Consider OTN? Harmonized Payload uniformity for SONET/SDH. DWDM Shared management Allows endpoint management by terminating at every point in the path Integration All-in-one network with integrated physical and optical layers Common transport for different networks Efficient Simple muxing/demuxing for sub-line-rate speeds Less overhead Transformational Easy transition to higher speed networks Designed for packet optical and wavelength transport Extended optical reach . Ethernet.

considerations for cable operators Eve Griliches Principal Analyst ACG Research CED Webinar Series 2012 .OTN benefits.

Network Traffic Survey – “It’s all about the traffic”…. 80% IP and 20% TDM/Private Line 33% 20% IP and 80% TDM/Private Line 20% 50% IP and 50% TDM/Private Line 47% ..

What is your primary motivation for using OTN? (in priority. % responses) – OTN Survey 1st 100% 80% 60% 40% 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 20% 0% Extended Distance Transparency OAM and (FEC) manageability Increased wavelength utilization Range of protocol support .

we will leverage both 76% . we will decide on one or the other 24% Complementing.Do you see OTN devices and data networking devices complementing or competing in the network? Competing.

Benefits of OTN • Client signals are completely transparent. Ethernet. now many SP’s are planning for it in the metro to handle the growth of Ethernet services because of strong OAM capabilities. 13 . no matter what the client signal type is (SAN. SONET/SDH or Video) • Cross connect protocol dispatching of wavelengths and subwavelengths for efficient wavelength utilization – while agnostic to traffic type • Cost of router slots and WDM equipment still dwarf the cost of OTN • OTN has immediate benefits in the core.

components and deployment models Bill Beesley Principle Solutions Architect. 2012 CED Webinar Series 2012 .OTN for cable operators. Packet Optical Networking Fujitsu Network Communications March 22nd. benefits.

protection switching. packet.) • Improved network efficiency & utilization • Common. video. well-defined OAM – Optical layer Performance Monitoring. standardized. . etc. container for switching / multiplexing – – Why MSOs will transition to OTN • Protocol agnostic – carries any traffic type (SONET. FEC.709 Digital Wrapper • Frame structure for WDM channels (ie wavelengths) – OTN’s network role is changing • From Digital Wrapper for WDM channels • To generic.OTN Overview • Optical Transport Networks (OTN) – Fujitsu has been supporting OTN for > 7 years • G. protocol agnostic.

Today – Costly Network Inefficiencies WDM 10G WDM WDM WDM WDM Regional / LH Aggregation Sw STS-1 based 10G 10G MSPP IP MSPP video TDM  Packet  Video  45% utilization MSPP 25% utilization 30% utilization Metro • Network Inefficiencies – SONET. IP. Video services are provisioned on separate WDM wavelengths – Underutilized WDM channels are inefficient & costly – No method to combine different traffic types onto a single wavelength • Backbone wavelengths are the most expensive in the network ($$$) .

OTN – Improving Network Efficiency OTN Switch WDM WDM WDM WDM WDM ODU Aggregation Switch MSPP IP OTU3 / OTU4 LH/ULH MSPP video OTN  100% filled MSPP Metro • OTN Switching – All services mapped to OTN “containers” – OTN containers combined into fully filled backbone wavelengths – Improved network efficiency – lower network costs • OTN initially being deployed at major aggregation nodes & across backbone – Biggest network savings .

OTN Container • Optical channel Payload Unit (OPU) – Client mapped to OPU Payload – OPU Overhead • Type of client signal mapped • How it’s mapped OPU OH Client Signal OPU Payload • Optical Data Unit (ODU) – – – – Path level monitoring Alarm indication Automatic protection switching Embedded operations channel ODU OH OPU OH ODU Payload • Optical Transport Unit (OTU) – Section monitoring – Alarm indication – Embedded operations channel OTU OH ODU OH OPU OH OTU Payload .

Ethernet.Universal OTN Containers GigE misc video ODU0 OC-48 OC-192 ODU3 ODU2 ODU0 ODU0 ODU0 ODU1 ODU1 ODU2 ODU1 ODU1 ODU1 ODU1 • Universal OTN Containers – Mix & match any traffic type • SONET. Video. other • Protocol agnostic • Protocol transparent – Industry standard multiplexing based on universal containers • OTN defines container sizes • OTN defines how to map services into a container • OTN define how to mux containers together to form higher rates .

100G) • Increased need for multiplexing at higher rates .Today – WDM Muxing is Proprietary Syracuse (Vendor A) NE T NE T nx GigE n x GigE T New York NE (Vendor B) NE T Vendor Interop at client level only n x GigE End Customer n x GigE End Customer • No industry standard for WDM Muxing – n x GigE or 4 x 2.5G Muxponder cards – Each vendor implements their own WDM muxing technique – Hand-off locations – traffic must be fully de-multiplexed • Expensive & wasteful – Situation gets worse as speeds increase (40G.

WDM Grooming Improving WDM Grooming OTN Switching OTN WDM WDM Muxponders Muxponders 10G/40G 10G/40G FW4500 FW4500 FW4500 • Proprietary muxponding – Lower rate signals demuxed – Manual interconnect / fiber – External devices perform grooming • • Standard OTN Muxponding OTN switching / grooming – Internal OTN switch fabric – Groom / re-arrange traffic electronically – Maintains OTN end-end PM & OAM • Capital and labor intensive • Capital and labor savings .

801.709 “Digital Wrapper” to the rescue .1731 – Varying levels of support for data OAM • Optical transport networks (OTN) – G.3ah.ag. path) – Alarm / Fault detection & notification – Embedded communication channels (GCC) • Data network OAM not as standardized – Various Ethernet & Service OAM standards • 802. Y.OTN Digital Wrapper for WDM • OTN Provides Robust OAM – Extensive performance monitoring (section.

NY NE NE 10GE CPE NYC "Path" OTN TCM1 Ashburn "Path" OTN TCM2 OTU2 NE Charlotte. NC.OTN Tandem Connection Monitoring New York City. VA NE NE NE OTU2 Syracuse. NY NE OTU2 Ashburn. NE 10GE CPE End-End OTN Path Monitoring • OTN Tandem Monitoring – Multiple levels of OTN path monitoring – Allows MSO’s to define their own end-end path monitoring points – OTN supports up to six levels of Tandem Monitoring .

OTN Network Applications OTN Core Applications OTN Metro Applications .

etc) • No multiplexing structure for higher rates (40G. 100G) .OTN Core Applications • Core / Backbone Networks – Today – most carrier deploy large core aggregation switches (ie CoreDirector) • Traffic grooming between metro & backbone networks • Protection switching across backbone – CoreDirector Issues • Limited to 600Gb size per switch • SONET (STS-1) based switching – great for SONET – Not useful for other traffic types (Ethernet. video.

Core Applications • Core / Backbone Applications – Core aggregation switches typically deployed in top 200 metro areas – Multiple connections to other nodes – Core OTN applications will follow same architecture (Tier 1 model) .

Key Benefit of Core Switching • Protection / Restoration Across Backbone Networks – Core Switches used to provide network protection – Powerful GMPLS / Mesh restoration algorithms • • • • • Source Based Restoration SBR with pre-defined path UPSR (1+1 path level) Unprotected Combinations of above < 500 msec < 50 msec < 50 msec .

Phoenix. router memory at each node .$$$ • No reason LA – Chicago IP “express” traffic needs to go through intermediate routers – Las Vegas. Louis.OTN Router Bypass • Router Bypass Application – Core routers manage & route IP traffic across core networks – Traffic passes router – router – router – router • Uses router ports. Denver. router processing. etc. – OTN Switching can reduce the cost of the Core Routing layer Switch were you can – Route were you must Core Router Layer IP/MPLS . St. Kansas City.

OTN Switching + Optical Bypass Architecture Best Use of Routing and Switching Resources Core Router Layer IP/MPLS FLASHWAVE OTN Router Bypass + ROADM OTN OTN PACKET + OTN SWF OTN PACKET + OTN SWF 10x10G OTN 10x10G OTN 10x10G OTN 10x10G OTN 100G TRSP 100G TRSP OTN OTN OTN 100G TRSP 100G TRSP 29 DWDM ROADM ROADM 2xOTU4 2xOTU4 ROADM ROADM ROADM ROADM ROADM .

future services Robust OAM for service management / fault management Standardized OTN multiplexing & switching (40G. ATM. 400G) Powerful FEC options enable extended optical performance OTN is the future of Core Switching .OTN Switching in Core Networks • OTN Core Switching – Many benefits compared to legacy aggregation switches • • • • • Supports much larger capacities (up to 40 Tb/s switching) Protocol agnostic – supports SONET. Ethernet. Video. 100G.

MPLS) – Growth is primarily in Ethernet services & ROADM/OTN infrastructure • OTN for metro networks – where & why? – Driving factors • COE is a great concept – challenges in real world networks • GigE & above private line services a better fit for OTN • With OTN in the Core .many reasons to extend OTN to metro & edge networks – – – – End – End SLAs (OTN layer) Robust end-end OTN OAM Guaranteed service delivery Common infrastructure for any service type .OTN Metro – Where does it fit? • Metro Networks – Most metro networks based on: • SONET (OC-3 to OC-192) • DWDM / ROADM • Ethernet (mix of Switched Ethernet. COE. EoS.

OTN for GE & 10GE Private Line • OTN in Metro Networks – For high capacity private line services (GigE & above).25 Gb/s) designed to support GE services • ODU2 designed to support 10 GE services • COE role in metro – COE & OTN will co-exist in metro networks – COE is ideal for Ethernet aggregation & transport • Aggregating thousands of (< 1 GE) Ethernet flows into consolidated 10 GE “pipes” – OTN is better suited to 1 GE & 10 GE private line services • End customer buying entire line rate pipe (GE. OAM supported by all vendors • Guaranteed end – end performance & SLA assurance – OTN containers are protocol agnostic – but a great fit with Ethernet • OPU0 (1. OTN is ideal • End – end OTN circuit provisioning – No resource contention / congestion issues & traffic management typically found in data platforms • Robust. 10 GE. 100 GE) . well-defined.

& SLA • Especially for high capacity circuits ( > 1 GigE) – Universal service aggregation into OTN containers • OTN will supplement COE & SONET aggregation – OTN will not displace either technology OTN Sw OTN Sw OTU3/4 OTN Sw OTN Sw CDS OTN HD32 9500 OTN HD32 OTU3/4 9500 LH LH CDS 9500 9500 OTU3/4 LH Regional / LH LH 7120 Access Metro .OTN in Metro Networks • OTN’s role is expanding into metro networks – End – End OTN performance monitoring. OAM.

OTN Key Points • Universal Container for all traffic types Key OTN Benefits Transparent Transport & Aggregation Industry Standard Hierarchy & Mapping Enhanced OAM for the Optical Layer Multi-level "Path" OAM • OTN transitioning from WDM wrapper to OTN Switching/Aggregation – Core OTN switching + LH first. then metro .

An archived copy of this webinar.CEDmagazine.com/webinars Planned and presented by Sponsored by CED Webinar Series 2012 .Thank you for joining us. will be available shortly for review at www. including slides.