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CCNA3 Exploration Chapter 3. Study questions.

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Why is it generally a good idea to split up a large network into smaller networks? Splits up broadcast domains, which cuts down traffic and should improve performance. Allows different groups of users to have different facilities and security regimes. What is the advantage of implementing subnets as VLANs rather than using routers to separate subnets? VLANs can be implemented using switches, which are cheaper and operate more quickly that routers. (Though a layer 3 device such as a router is still needed to route traffic between VLANs.) A VLAN can be implemented across several switches in different locations, so that a group of users with the same requirements does not have to be all together in the same place. How many VLANs can there be on a Catalyst 2600 series switch? 255 Which VLANs exist by default on a Catalyst 2600 switch, and which of these are intended for Ethernet networks? VLAN 1 is for Ethernet. VLANs 1002 to 1005 also exist, but are for use on Token Ring or FDDI networks. If you create a normal range VLAN, where will the information about it be stored? In a file called vlan.dat which is in flash memory. (Not in the running or startup configuration.) A new Catalyst switch has not yet been configured. Are the Ethernet ports associated with any VLAN? If so, which one? By default, all Ethernet ports are in VLAN 1. Should you configure the switch IP address on VLAN 1? You could, but it is better for security reasons to create another VLAN to be the management VLAN and assign the IP address to it. This management VLAN will be used only for managing the switch via Telnet, SSH or the web based interface.

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4/6/2012

91477040.doc

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Static VLANs are more common. A PC attached to a switch sends out a broadcast ARP request. It is a point to point link between two switches or between a switch and a router. SW 4/6/2012 91477040. Which devices will receive the ARP request? Devices on the same VLAN as the PC. What are the two methods of assigning an end device to a VLAN. and which method is more common? (Assume that voice traffic is not required.1Q is now the common protocol. Inter Switch Link (ISL) is a Cisco proprietary protocol that is no longer supported by newer Cisco switches. and which other protocol may still be in use? IEEE 802. Which type of VLAN needs special configuration so that its traffic has priority over other traffic? Voice VLAN. downloads and e-mails? Data VLAN or User VLAN. What is a VLAN trunk? A link that carries traffic for more than one VLAN. Which devices allow inter-VLAN communication? Routers or layer 3 switches.doc 2 . Dynamic VLANs assign devices to VLANs using the MAC addresses of the devices. and these VLAN to MAC address matches need to be stored on a server. but may still be in use.What name is given to the type of VLAN that carries normal user traffic such as files. What is frame tagging? It is a method of adding information to a frame to show which VLAN the frame belongs to. It is used only on VLAN trunk links.) Port based or static VLANs are configured on switch ports and a device connecting to a port belongs to the VLAN configured on that port. Which protocol is now most commonly used for frame tagging.

If the frame were untagged then the device would find the length/type field in this position. Two switches are connected.doc 3 . but some non-Cisco devices do tag them. If both ends of the link are ports in dynamic desirable mode. By default. but usually a different native VLAN is configured on a trunk link. By default this is VLAN 1. which is set to the hexadecimal value of 0x8100? It signals to the device receiving the frame that this is a tagged IEEE 802. Cisco switches drop tagged frames destined for the native VLAN. it will be a trunk link. What does a switch port on a trunk link do if it receives a frame without a tag? Forwards it on to the native VLAN. it will be an access link. If both ends of the link are ports in dynamic auto mode. SW 4/6/2012 91477040. How can you configure the fastethernet interface fa0/1 of switch SW1 to be a trunk port? SW1(config)#int fa0/1 SW1(config-if)#switchport mode trunk How can you configure the fastethernet interface fa0/2 of switch SW1 to be a port that handles traffic from one VLAN only? SW1(config)#int fa0/2 SW1(config-if)#switchport mode access What is the purpose of Dynamic Trunking Protocol? It allows linked switches to negotiate on whether or not the link between them is a trunk link. so frames from non-Cisco devices may be dropped. will the link be a trunk or not? No. Two switches are connected.What is the purpose of the EtherType field in a frame.1Q frame containing VLAN information. will the link be a trunk or not? Yes. Why can native VLANs and VLAN trunks give problems when Cisco devices and non-Cisco devices are mixed on a network? Cisco devices do not tag frames from the native VLAN when forwarding them on a trunk link.

When the switch is reloaded. (VLAN 1 unless this has been changed.What is the currently approved method of creating a VLAN. on switch SW1? SW1(config)#vlan 6 SW1(config-vlan)#name Finance SW1(config-vlan)#end Which other mode could be used for creating a VLAN? Database configuration mode. No VLAN numbers. SW 4/6/2012 91477040. They need to be assigned to another VLAN before they can be used again. (You don’t go into global configuration mode. No longer recommended. What is the effect of the command: SW1(config)#delete flash:vlan. Starting from privileged exec. If any ports are assigned to VLAN 7 then they will become inactive. all configured VLAN information will have disappeared (you hope!).) Which command will let you see a list of all existing VLANs and the ports that are associated with each one? Show vlan brief (or show vlan) What information does the command “show vlan summary” give you? It tells you how many VLANs there are on the switch.dat The VLAN database in flash memory is deleted.doc 4 . names or detail. you go straight into VLAN database mode. called Finance. Which command would show you whether or not VLAN 4 is up? Show int vlan 4 What is the effect of the commands: SW1(config)#int fa0/12 SW1(config-if)#no switchport access vlan SW1(config-if)#end Interface fa 0/12 will be removed from its existing VLAN and returned to the default VLAN.) What is the effect of the commands: SW1(config)#no vlan 7 SW1(config)#exit VLAN 7 is deleted. number 6.

(Default condition is restored.4.g.You configure interface Fa0/1 as follows: SW1(config-if)#switchport mode trunk Which is the native VLAN.) How can you stop interface Fa0/1 from being a trunk link? SW1(config)#int fa0/1 SW1(config-if)#switchport mode access SW1(config-if)#end A trunk link is not working correctly. one of them configured as an access port or both of them in dynamic auto mode.) SW 4/6/2012 91477040. Which additional commands would you give to make VLAN 90 the native VLAN and to permit traffic belonging to VLANs 3. and which VLANs can this interface handle? VLAN 1 is the native VLAN.5 Which command would show you how interface Fa0/1 has been configured for trunking? SW1# show interfaces fa0/1 switchport You give the commands: SW1(config)#int fa0/1 SW1(config-if)#no switchport trunk allowed vlan SW1(config-if)#end Which VLAN traffic can now pass over the trunk link? Traffic for all VLANs.doc 5 .) Are all the required VLANs allowed on the trunk at both ends? Do all the devices on a VLAN have addresses on the same subnet? (Easy to get this wrong. The trunk can handle traffic belonging to all VLANs. 4 and 5 only? SW1(config-if)#switchport trunk native vlan 90 SW1(config-if)#switchport trunk allowed vlan add 3. What should you check? Have the ports at both ends of the link been configured with the same native VLAN? Are the ports at both ends of the link working as trunk links or is there a problem with their modes? (E.