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Environment Education Environment Education, Awareness & Training (EEAT) Scheme is a Central Scheme.

The details of the Scheme are given below. EEAT Scheme was launched during the 6th Five Year Plan in 1983-84 with the following objectives: (i) To promote environmental awareness among all sections of the society; (ii) To spread environment education, especially in the non-formal system among different sections of the society; (iii) To facilitate development of education/training materials and aids in the formal education sector; (iv) To promote environment education through existing educational/scientific/research institutions; (v) To ensure training and manpower development for environment education, awareness and training; (vi) To encourage non-governmental organizations, mass media and other concerned organizations for promoting awareness about environmental issues among the people at all levels; (vii) To use different media including films, audio, visual and print,, theatre, drama, advertisements, hoarding, posters, seminars, workshops, competitions, meetings etc. for spreading messages concerning environment and awareness; and (viii) To mobilize people's participation for preservation and conservation of environment. The objectives of this scheme are being realized through implementation of the following programmes launched over the years: (1) National Environment Awareness Campaign (NEAC). (2) National Green Corps (NGC). (3) Global Learning & Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE).

(9) Other Awareness Programmes like Vacation Programmes. 2. Other Awareness .(4) Strengthening Environment Education in School System and other courses at Graduate and Post-Graduate level including Professional Courses. The convergence across EEAT programs would mean that as many as currently ongoing programs are converged to address the critical segment of EEAT. For example convergence of GLOBE. as well as convergence with other programs would be ensured to achieve the outcomes under NGC and for the EEAT as whole. 70% of projects covered under EEAT are engaged in environment friendly action including issue based engagement and policy advocacy. 25% of participating school surrounds show environmentally sustainable practices.000 NGC schools adopt measures that are environmentally sustainable. training programmes etc. Atleast 10% of the schools also show environmental stewardship and are engaged in scientific discovery. (7) Publication of Resource Material related to Environment. EEAT Outcomes: 1. (5) Advertising & Publicity. 3. Quiz/Essay/Debate/Poster/Slogan competitions. (8) Grants-in-Aid to Professional Societies & Institutions. STRESS. (10) Library. Strategies to achieve the outcomes:   School students and teachers are one of the most critical segment for EEAT and are covered under NGC. 70% of participating schools demonstrate environmentally sustainable discipline. 4. Program convergence across EEAT. (6) Seminars/Symposia/Workshops. About 3 million children and teachers from 75.

measurement of outputs and the activities will be taken on annual basis/ end of this plan period to gauze progress towards the impacts. Developing a critical mass of master trainers and trained teachers in each district to facilitate effective implementation of the NGC program will be one of the key strategy. The indicator (impact level) will be developed in a participatory manner. All the guidelines and formats (proposal. NGOs and experts. However.       Programme. RAs. The achievement of the outcomes will be over a period of time. Support to Schools /children to move from awareness to action would be given very high priority under the NGC/NEAC program.) will be reviwed to strengthen the implementation to achieve the stated outcomes and outputs. Green School Initiative of CPREEC and. convergence will be sought with other programs of MHRD and other institutions with similar mandate. will strengthen the monitoring capabilities at the MoEF. engaging COEs. convergence and improve the MIS in the current year. State Nodal Agencies and identified teachers. and Advertisement and Publicity with the NGC to achieve the outcomes. . with engagement of Centres of excellence. Similarly. Development and dissemination of a range of EEAT resource material by engaging Centre of Excellence. The outcomes listed above will be monitored using the impact level indicators. convergence with the Paryavaran Mitra program of CEE. State Nodal Agencies will be supported to synergize EEAT programs. to measure the outcomes. Impact of technology and development on environment Positive Impacts 1)Better technology helps us study and better understand how we are affecting the environment. including agencies at State level. Convergence of agency roles is another key plank to achieve the outcomes. Monitoring at the level of activities and outputs will be critical to reach the stated outcomes. Services of Centres of Excellence of MoEF will be solicited for program support and monitoring. RRAs. and similar such programs of other agencies. reporting etc. For example. Creation of monitoring and coordination cell at MoEF. RAs and other expert institution.

in/2008/08/environment-definition-andmeaning. man. emit carbon dioxide into the air. is a known environmental hazard because of its ability and persistence to seep into the ground.html Environment . air pollution. The kinetic powers of wind and water currents are being utilized to produce electricity that can lessen the demands for coal and fossil fuels. 6)With the technological development progressing day by day the forest resources are also being destroyed due to lack of space for constructing buildings. 2)Technology such as the invention of vehicles. The most frightening of all are the weapons of Biological Warfare which can be used even if there are no wars being waged but simply to sow terror. Industrialization has also contributed to much of these. rising sea levels. groundwater contamination. TNT or Trinitrotoluol. soil depletion and a host of other adverse effects that stem from other technological innovations that were conceptualized without considering the consequences.2)Green technology has come up with better solutions of generating heat and energy.Definition and meaning . melting glaciers. causing global warming. Infectious microorganisms in some form or substance are released in Biological Warfare to cause death by way of diseases affecting all living things. 3)Greenhouse gas emissions is causing global warming. 4)Technology that was used for warfare brought other detriments that emanated from the manufacture of chemical weapons for mass destruction. air-conditioning and other advanced gadgets has caused air pollution. and if burned.blogspot. The sun's powerful UV rays are being harnessed through solar panels instead of the wood burning process. 5)Large amounts of Mercury waste material is released in the environment during manufacture of nuclear weapons. animals and plants. ocean acidification. http://ecological-problems. disrupted marine and wildlife biodiversity. Negative Impacts 1)Advancements in things that require fossil fuels reduce the amount of fossil fuels we have. Carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases are released into the air.

temperature. Abiotic factors such as light. Environmentalism is movement connected with environmental scientists and many of their goals. However tolerance range is not the same with all species and exposure to environmental conditions at the limit of an certain organism's tolerance range represents environmental stress.. Environment includes all elements. Environment includes both biotic and abiotic factors that have influence on observed organism. Environmentalism is very important political and social movement with goal to protect nature environment by emphasizing importance of nature role in protection of the environment in combination with various actions and policies oriented to nature preservation. water. river. Some of these goals include: 1. land. sea.. emphasis on clean. or group of organisms. sustainable use of water.) with future goal of zero pollution 3. and conditions that have some impact on growth and development of certain organism. Environment often changes after some time and therefore many organisms have ability to adapt to these changes.Word "environment" is most commonly used describing "natural" environment and means the sum of all living and non-living things that surround an organism. protection of biodiversity Ecosystem defined: a community of organisms and it’s corresponding abiotic environment through which matter cycles and energy flows FACTORS THAT AFFECT POPULATION GROWTH? birth rate death rate immigration emigration population growth rate fecundity biotic or intrinsic factors exponential population growth logistic population growth . and other scarce resources 5. factors . alternative energy sources that have low carbon emissions 4. to reduce and clean up all sorts of pollution (air. atmospheric gases combine with biotic factors (all surrounding living species). preservation of existing endangered species 6. to reduce world consumption of fossil fuels 2.

Speech interference: Noise more than 50dB can be very difficult to hear and interpret and cause problems such as partial deafness.density dependent environmental resistance factors density independent environmental resistance factors Noise Pollution When unwanted sound created by human beings hits our ears and disturbs the environment. noise can come from factory appliances. they experience noise pollution and its adverse effects. amplified music and construction work. neurological. Decreased work performance: Increased noise levels gives rise to a lack of concentration and accuracy at work. With residences created adjacent to factories. Measures of noise: Noise pollution is measured in decibels. and high volumes can be annoying. causing accidents. Annoyance: Sometimes. loud music. This could make them irritable and tired the next day. Chiefly. vehicles. Sources of noise: All transportation systems create noise pollution. Just one noise explosion from a passing truck drastically alters our endocrinal. and heart disease. noise pollution is created. When noise is at 45 decibels. How to avoid sources of noise pollution . air-conditioners. Effects of noise pollution Human health: Noise pollution disturbs our health and behavior in a number of ways including deafness causing lack of sleep. power tools and audio entertainment systems. Sleep interference: Very high levels of noise can wake people from their sleep with a jerk and keep them awake or disturb their sleep pattern. Difficult tasks can be impaired. irritability. no human being can sleep. even low levels of noise are irritating and can be frustrating. and at 120 decibels the ear is in pain and hearing begins to be damaged at 85 decibels. noise pollution comes from barking dogs. high blood pressure. Natural sounds are less irritating than those we find uncontrollable but intermittent sounds such as a tap dripping water can be more irritating than the sound of falling rain. and cardiovascular functions in many individuals. heartburn. and reduce one�s productivity and performance. factories. and instructions or warnings difficult to be heard and interpreted. If this is prolonged or frequent. ulcers. aircraft and rail transport. indigestion. Besides transportation noise. the physiological disturbances become chronic and contribute to mental illness.

see how far it is from the local airport. Aircraft: Before buying a home. Security of land tenure in itself. Some patterns of land tenure have been obscured by changing practices overlying a base of centuries-old traditions which have previously defined communal or individual user’s rights. lack legal tenure to their land and face the constant threat of expulsion. or for their children. .In some Latin American countries. however. 1984). you should take care to see that your dog doesn�t annoy the neighbors with its barking and yowling.. in areas where tree planting may establish tenure.Traffic: Don�t live or work near major intersections or roads. et al. Their claim to land ownership becomes stronger the longer they successfully farm the land. Farmers able to satisfy their own needs from the existing stock of trees on their own land may ignore the landless who may be acutely aware of their own shortage of wood yet have no means of responding to it (Bruce. Neighbors: Be a good neighbor by not annoying those who live next door with your music or lawn mowing. Lack of Control Over Use of Land The most favourable economic environment for tree growing exists where trees are clearly for the ultimate benefit of those who plant them. Solving noise problems: Many noise problems can be prevented by considering others and talking through problems. particularly the poor. the Basotho chiefs of Lesotho discouraged tree planting in order to restrict ownership. Barking dogs: As a dog owner. clearing the trees and planting crops. may not be a sufficient incentive for people to plant trees. Valleys and falls are noisier than flat roads. Farmers. This problem of lack of security to land access is often especially acute for women. create a positive incentive for their removal. Be a good and concerned neighbor by discussing a common problem calmly and in a collaborative spirit to find a common solution. rural people have no clearcut control over the land they farm. In the 1940’s. People can gain land rights by moving into forested areas. Even tenant farmers cannot be expected to plant trees if they are unsure of whether or not they might be evicted in the foreseeable future. Conversely. Conversely. this may also act as an impediment. In many parts of the world. and the prohibition has carried over to present times (Fortmann. shopping centers and sporting facilities. far from encouraging the cultivation of trees. the absence of land tenure security or control over the use of land resources is often a major constraint to tree growing. land tenure laws. 1984).