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. .

42


2009

--

2009

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811.111(075.4)
81.2-9
8032
80

.................................................................................. 5
1.
........................................................................... 6
2. ....................... 10
3. , ,
() ...................................................... 14
4. to have
..................................................................... 18

80

. .
. . . 42 /
. . . [. 2-]. : ;
/ : , 2009. 336 . ( ).
ISBN 978-966-680-460-3 ( )
ISBN 5-22( )
,
, , .
, , ,
, ,
, .. -,
.

.
.
81.2.-9
811.111(075.4)

5. to have
.................................................................. 23
6.
to have ......................................................................................... 27
7. to be ...................... 32
8. ........................................... 37
9. this these ........................................ 44
10. . ............................. 49
11. of ............................................................. 53
12. to have to be.
................................................................... 57
13. to have
to be () .................................................................... 66
14. ........ 72
15. that those ..................................... 77
16. there is (there are) .................................................. 81
17. many few, much little,
some any ...................................................................................................... 87
18. Present Indefinite Tense. Present Continuous Tense ................... 98

ISBN 978-966-680-460-3
( )
ISBN 5-22( )

.. , 2009

, 2009

19. Present Indefinite Tense. Present Continuous Tense


() ........................................................................... 106
20. .
.............................................................................. 113

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, 2009

21. ............. 126

22.
Present Indefinite Present Continuous ........................... 138
23. ................................................. 149
24. Past Indefinite Tense. Past Continuous Tense ............................ 158
25. Past Indefinite Tense. Past Continuous Tense
() ........................................................................... 170
26. Future Indefinite Tense. Future Continuous Tense ................... 181
27. ( 23< ) ........... 196
28. ........................................................ 202
29. ......................................... 236
30. (The Numeral) ..................................... 243
31. (Paticiple II) .................... 249
32. Present Perfect Tense ( ) ......... 253

42
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.

33. Past Perfect Tense ( ).


Future Perfect Tense ( ) ......................... 259
34. Perfect Continuous Tense ................................ 265
35. Passive Voice ( ) ................................. 271
36. Sequence of Tenses ( ) .......................... 277
37. Infinitive () ..................................................... 288
38. Participles () ................................................... 293
39. (the Gerund) .................................................... 300
40. (Complex Object) .............................. 306
41. (Complex Subject) ............................ 311
42. (Conditional sentences) .................. 315
1. ........................... 331
2. ,
...................................... 334

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English

< , <
,
. . <
, ,
.
< ,
, .
book [buk]
b [b].
[b] [].
[u] [].
k [k].
[k] [].
, 4 3 . ?
, oo [u].

, .
<, , <, ,
.
,
, .

a book [q'buk]
[q] [],
.
['] .

book
a [q].
, . ,

: , <
.
.
, , ,
: , , <
. .
,
? ?
: , , , .
<
. , <
.
, , <
, .
<
. <
, <
.

, , <
. <

a [q].

. , <
, , <
, . . .
, , <
, , .
a book [q'buk]
a pen [q'pen]

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[] [].
[e] [].
[n] [].

a cup [q'kAp]
[k] [].
[A] [].*

<s:

a book [q'buk]

books [buks]

a pen [q'pen]

pens [pens]

a cup [q'kAp]

cups [kAps]

, <
.
< . <
.
one [wAn]
[w] [],
.
[A] [].
[n] [].

two [tH]
[t] [], <
,
.
[H] [].
.

[r] [] .
[J] [].
four [fL]
[f] [].
[L] [].
five [faIv]
[a] [].
[I] [].
[v] [].
:
a book books two books
a pen pens four pens
a cup cups five cups


:
a lamp [q'lxmp]
[q] [].
[l] [].
[x] [].
[m] [].
[p] [].
a dog [q'dOg]
[d] [].
[O] [].
[g] [].

():
1) ;
2) .

three [TrJ]
[T] : <
[].

. 334 .

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English

 . <
:
1) a lamp [q'lxmp] three lamps [TrJ 'lxmps] four lamps [fL 'lxmps];
2) a dog [q'dOg] dogs [dOgs] two dogs [tH 'dOgs] five dogs [faIv'dOgs]

.
.
.
a glass [glRs]
[g] [].
[R] [].
[s] [].
a tree [trJ]
[t] [],
.
[r] [] .
[J] [].
. <
.

big [bIg]
[b] [].
[I] [].
[g] [].

10

little [lItl]
[l] [].
,
, <
? , <
:




, <
, <
.
:
, :
( )
( )
( )
<
, . . <
, . <
, ,
:
a big glass
a big cup
a big tree
! a <
, <
:
a little glass
a little book
a little tree
, , <
, :
a big cup
big cups
a little book
little book

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11

,
:
a glass [q'glRs]
,
<s. <
<es,
[Iz]:
[I] [];
[z] [].
a glass [glRs] glasses [glRsIz]

,

s, [z]:
a tree [trJ] trees [trJz]


:
a cat [kxt] ,
[k] [].
[x] [].
[t] [].
black [blxk]
[b] [].
[l] [].
():
1) ;
2) ;
3) .

and [xnd] .
[x] [].
[n] [].
[d] [].
:
a cup and a glass
cups and glasses
a pen and a book
two pens and three books
a big cup and a little glass
big cups and little glasses
a tree trees a big tree a little tree big trees little trees








12

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13

English

,
,
()

 .
.
1) a dog and a cat;
2) dogs and cats;
3) big dog and two black cat.
. :
a big dog and two black cats

. <

a pencil ['pensl]
[p] [].
[e] [].
[n] [].
[s] [].
[l] [].

a black pencil
two pencils
five black pencils
:
red [red] ,
[r] [].
[d] [].

14

, : 1) ,
, , 2) 
, , <
:
a red pencil
red pens
a red cat
red dogs
a fox [fOks]
[f] [].
[O] [].
x [ks].
a red fox
,
<x ( s), <
<es:
a fox [fOks] foxes [fOksIz]

a box [bOks] ,
a box boxes ['bOksIz]

red foxes
a big box
three boxes
<: 
. , :
a big red cat.
, <
, <
a :
a big red dog
a little red pencil
:
one
two

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15

three
four
five
six [sIks]
seven [sevn]
eight [eIt]
nine [naIn]
ten [ten]
six pencils
seven black pencils
eight foxes
nine boxes
ten red dogs

! fork [fLk] ()
[L] ; fox [fOks] () [O] .
:
forks [fLks]
a fox [fOks]
():
1) ;
2) ;
3) ;
4) ;
5) .

:
a pen and a pencil
two pens and six pencils
ten books
two black cats and seven red dogs
a fox foxes eight foxes
a cup and five glasses
a box a big black box nine boxes
one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten








, , , , , , , , , 


:
a spoon [spHn]
a fork [fLk]
16

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17

English

to have

 , <
:
1) a spoon and a fork
2) two spoons and six forks
3) a big spoon
4) a little fork
5) a little spoon and ten forks

. , .
, , .
:
1. . .
2. . .
<
. : <
, .
.
.

18


.
I [aI]

[a] [].
[I] [].
You [jH]

[j] [].
[u] [].

He [hJ]

[h] [].
[J] [].

She [SJ]

[S] [].


:
I , You , He , She .
<
.
,
?
? : , , .
, <
.
? ( ?):
, .

.
! ,
, <: , .


to [tu], .
:
to have [hxv]
[h] [].
[x] [].
[v] [].

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19

< <

. .
.
, <
to have.
. ,
. <
, ,
, .

( )




to have ,
He ()
She ().
to have [hxv]
( )
I have [aI'hxv] ( )
You have [jH'hxv] ( )
He has [hJ'hxz] ( )
She has [SJ'hxz] ( )
[z] [].
:
I have a pen.

:
.
, , :
.
20

to have:
I have a pencil. (: 
.)
a pencil [q'pensl]
c [s] i, e, y.
I have a dog. .
You have a book. .
He has a brother. .
a brother [q'brADq]
[b] [].
[r] [].
[A] [].
th [D]. [D]
[], <
.
[q] [], .
She has two sisters. .
a sister ['sIstq]
.
I have a pen and a pencil.
I have a pen and two pencils.
I have two glasses.
You have a book.
You have a red pencil.
He has a big dog.
He has two big dogs.
He has five books.
She has a cat.
She has a dog and two cats.
She has a black dog and a red cat.
 .
.
.

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21

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

English

to have

, <
:
a father ['fRDq] ,
a mother ['mADq] ,
()
:
1. .
2. .
3. .
4. .
5. .
6. .
7. .
8. .
9. , .
10. .

 .
1. a father and a mother
2. a brother and a sister
3. brothers and sisters
4. I have a father and a mother.
5. I have a brother.
6. I have a sister.
7. He has a father.
8. He has a brother and two sisters.
9. She has a father, a mother and a brother.
10. She have three sisters.
.
:
She has three sisters. .

.
<
:
I [aI]
You [jH]
He [hJ]
She [SJ]
<
.

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