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Saturday, December 12, 2009

DHCP Interview Questions & Answers
1.What is DHCP? Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol: assigns IPs to the clients requested dynamically or automatically. 2.Process of DHCP (DORA)? Discover: The Client discovers DHCP Offers: The DHCP server offers a group of IPs to the clients to pick any Request:The client selects an IP and request DHCP to confirm it Acknowledgement: The DHCP server makes a confirmation by sending an DHCPPACK to the client. 3.What is a Scope? Range of IP Addresses. 4.What is an IP Lease? DHCP server clients an IP to the client for a period of 8 days. This offer is called IP Lease. 5.What is the default duration of a lease? 8 Days. 6.What is authentication DHCP server? Enabling AD Know the availability of DHCP server Useful when we have multiple DHCP Server and you want to you designate one particular DHCP server to be active. Then we should authorize. 7.What is IP Reservation? Resolving a particular dynamic IP for a particularly system. 8.What is exclusion? Omitting assigning from the range selected IPs. 9.What is a SUPER SCOPE? Group of scopes is called as super scope. 10.Purpose of DHCP Relay agent? DHCP server is available on another N/W and you want another N/W to obtain IPs from the DHCP server. Then the DHCP, RA can forward the request from the clients to the DHCP server to obtain IPs for the clients it acts like a

mediator between clients and DHCP.Switching used with IPCONFIG? IPCONFIG/ all.255 17.What is WINS? Windows Internet Naming Services: . 11. 16.255. This enables the N/W Availability.How to obtain a new IP from DHCP server? Start>run>CMD>IPConfig/renew.useful in windows N/W only. 13.0.What is APIPA? Automatic Private IP Addressing.0 to 169. Release/ Renew/ FLUSHDNS 14.254. Resolves NETBIOS names to IP addresses and IPs to NetBIOS names . 12.254.How to given an IP obtained from DHCP? Start>Run>CMD>IPConfig/Release.If the client is unable to contact DCHP server. when client machines unable to contact DHCP then APIPA assign an IP to the client. what happens? Obtains an IP from APIPA 15.What are the IP ranges provided by APIPA? 169.

9.What is an additional DC? It is a backup server for DC. Physical Structure: Sites and Domain Controllers.What is structure of AD? Logical & Physical 5. 12. is a collection of domains which share contiguous.What is AD? Active directory is a centralized database where it contains information about objects like Users. 15. Tress. 10.Feature of AD? Fully Integrated Security.What is DC? Server with AD install 13. RDN (Relative Distinguished Name).What is a child DC? CDC is a sub domain controller under root domain controller which share name space 14.What are the naming conventions used by LDAP? DN (Distinguished Name). 4. Computers. 3. Policy Based Administration. 8.Active Directory Interview Questions & Answers 1. 17. inter operability with other directory services.What is a Tree? Tree is a logical component of AD. 2.What is a Forest? Collection of trees which don’t share contiguous name space 11.What is the protocol used by AD for directory Access? LDAP (Light Weight Directory Access Protocol) 6. Scalable. GUID (Global Unique Identifier) 7.What is a Domain? Domain is collection of computers connected together with a server and users.What is the Component of AD? Logical Structure: Domains. OUs.How to promote DC on a member server? Start>run>DCPROMO (Domain Controller Promotion) 16. Extensible.What is a workgroup? Collection of computers connected together without a server (only client). and Contacts & shared folders.How many ADC can create on a DC? . group of TCP/IP subnets connected with a high speed was link. Groups. UPN (User Principal Name). Flexible. Printers. integration with DNS.What is a Site? Site is a physical component of AD. Forests and OU.What is a roll of ADC? It maintains backup of AD to provide fault tolerance and network load balancing.

Groups. 23. in mixed mode it acts like a PDC for BDCs. Only one RID Master per domain. Contacts & Share Folders 24.What is an Attribute? Attribute is a place of information about objects (Properties of Objects) 26.What is an Object? It is a representation of in entity.What is RID Master? Relative identifier is responsible for assigning unique IDs to the object s created in the AD. 25.What are the additional tools found after installing a DC? Active Directory User and Computers. of ADCs 18.What is a PDC Emulator? Is responsible for providing backup compatibility for NT BDCs. 32. Active Directory Domain & Trust. OUs. set of rules. structure and design of schema Only one schema master in entire forest 30.What is a Schema Master? Is responsible for overall management. 27.What is a Schema? Schema is design of AD. synchronizes time between DCs.What is a standalone server? Server which is not a part of domain 22.What is the diff. Computers. functional level of 2003? Domain functional level & Forest functional level 20. It updates the password changes.What is domain naming master? Is responsible for addition or removal of domains and maintaining unique domain names only one domain naming master in entire forest 31.What is an FSMO? Flexible Single Master Operation 28.What is the diff. .What are the different Objects in AD? Users. Active Directory Sites and Services. Infrastructure Master. 29. Domain Naming Master.What is a member server? 2000 & 2003 server which is a part of the domain 21.Any no. Domain Controller Security Policy. RID Masters.What is infrastructure Master? Is responsible for updating user and group information and updating Global Catalog Only one infrastructure master per domain 33. Domain Security Policy 19. operation master of 2003? Schema Master. Only one PDC Emulator per domain. PDC Emulator. defines objects and classes.What is Class? Class is a Collection of AD objects. Printers.

dns) in DBS folder.What is NBNS? NetBIOS Naming System. 7. Standard Secondary. stub & AD Integrated Zone? Primary Zone: . Secondary.contains a copy of name server and SOA records used for reducing the DNS search orders.What is Reverse Lookup? It’s a file contains host names to IP mapping information. write copy of zone database Secondary Zone: .What is a Zone? Zone is a sub tree of DNS database. & AD Integrated. December 8.Tuesday.What is DNS? Domain Naming Services or System: .What are the diff. 8.used for resolving host names to IPs and IPs to Host Names. .What is a Forward Lookup? Resolving Host Names to IP Addresses 4. DNS Roles? Standard Primary. Stub zone: . . 2. 5.zone which is saved as normal text file with filename (. Provides fault tolerance and load balancing by acting as backup server to primary server. Maintains a read.What is primary.What does a zone consist of & why do we require a zone? Zone consists of resource records and we require zone for representing sites. 2k access resources using DNS naming Conventions 3.What is a Resource Record? It is a record provides the information about the resources available in the N/W infrastructure. Provides fault tolerance and load balancing. ex.maintains a read only copy of zone database on another DNS server. 2009 DNS Interview Questions And Answers 1. 6. 9.WINS.

14.How to enable Dynamic updates in DNS? Start>Program>Admin tools> DNS >Zone properties.What is forwarder? When one DNS server can’t receive the query it can be forwarded to another DNS once configured as forwarder. 19. 12. LOGGING.What are SRV records? SRV are the service records.What is secondary DNS Server? It is backup for primary DNS where it maintains a read only copy of DNS database. there are 6 service records. UDP:Contains Sites information Sites:Contains Sites information Domain DNS Zone:Conations domain’s DNS specific information Forest DNS zone:Contains Forest’s Specific Information.What are the types of SRV records? MSDCS:Contains DCs information TCP:Contains Global Catalog. Provides the zone startup .Where does a Host File Reside? c:\windows\system32\drivers\etc. 20. and ZONE Transfer.10. 18. MONITORING. ROUTINGS. 11. 13.What is Caching Only Server? When we install 2000 & 2003 server it is configured as caching only server where it maintains the frequently accessed sites information and again when we access the same site for next time it is obtain from cached information instead of going to the actual site.What is scavenging? Finding and deleting unwanted records.Properties of a Zone? General. DEBUG LOGGING. FORWARDERS. NAMESERVER. 16.What are the properties of DNS server? INTERFACES. 15. SECURITY. ADVANCED. They are useful for locating the services. Kerberos & LDAP information. WINS. Security.What is SOA? Start of Authority: useful when a zone starts. SOA. 17.

What are the diff. but below the network layer.information 21.* netmask is assigned to Windows machines running 98/2000/XP if the DHCP server is not available. The most frequently used protocols should be at the top. How can you recover a file encrypted using EFS? Use the domain recovery agent address-to-name. however. while the physical layer is reponsible for retrieving and sending raw data bits. We’ve installed a new Windows-based DHCP server. IPSec secures the TCP/IP communication and protects the integrity of the packets. 2004 1.*.*. Taking raw data bits and packaging them into frames. 7. Certificate-based security ensures the validity of authenticated clients and servers. 5. It’s a four-step process consisting of (a) IP request. The network layer will be responsible for addressing the frames. 4. CHAP. 22. Logs. the reverse lookup is 13.What is a query? A request made by the DNS client to provide the name server information. What’s the difference between forward lookup and reverse lookup in DNS? Forward lookup is name-to-address. so if the checksums do not match on both receiving and transmitting ends. iteration 23. The server must be authorized first with the Active Directory. What is data link layer in the OSI reference model responsible for? Data link layer is located above the physical layer. types of Queries? Recursion. 12. Should we deploy IPSEC-based security or certificate-based security? They are really two different technologies.*. Describe how the DHCP lease is obtained. I can’t seem to access the Internet. SPAP. 8.254. don’t have any access to the corporate network and on ipconfig my address is 169. the users do not seem to be getting DHCP leases off of it. . 9. MS-CHAP and EAP. PM. 11. IPCONFIG. NetBEUI. DNSCMD.254. How can you force the client to give up the dhcp lease if you have access to the client PC? ipconfig /release What authentication options do Windows 2000 Servers have for remote clients? PAP. What is LMHOSTS file? It’s a file stored on a host machine that is used to resolve NetBIOS to specific IP addresses. © IP selection and (d) acknowledgement. (b) IP offer. What is binding order? The order by which the network protocols are used for client-server communications. What are the networking protocol options for the Windows clients if for some reason you do not want to use TCP/IP? NWLink (Novell). 3. NSLOOKUP. What happened? The 169. 10. Windows admin interview questions By admin | September 3. AppleTalk (Apple).Tools for troubleshooting DNS? DNS Console. the data was modified or corrupted. How do cryptography-based keys ensure the validity of data transferred across the network? Each IP packet is assigned a checksum. The name for the technology is APIPA (Automatic Private Internet Protocol Addressing). 6. 2.