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Ultrasonic Sensor Circuit

Posted on September 3, 2009 Ultrasonic sensor circuit is a sensor that consists of transmitter and receiver. This circuit is useful for remote control.The frequency of sound produced by a series of Ultrasonic Sensor is above 20 KHz which is between 40 KHz – 50 KHz. Used power supply voltage is 9 V battery cans so use with a voltage of 9 V. How it works is a series of ultrasonic sensors in the circuit if the switch is pressed then the transmitter will from send signals received by the receiver circuit. Ultrasound acoustic wave having a frequency of 20 kHz to about 20 MHz. The Following is a schematic drawing:

In this case an ultrasonic wave sensor generated through an agency called piezoelectric. In addition. The number of frequency components is determined by the prop RLC / crystal oscillator. Compiler series ultrasonic sensor consists of transmitter. To produce frequency 40 KHz. Ultrasonic sensor is a sensor that changes the physical quantities (sound) to the amount of electricity. The resulting frequency depends on the operating frequency of the oscillator was adjusted from each transducer. 2009 . and comparator. ultrasonic waves generated by a thin piezoelectric crystals. Better efficiency. Because of this advantage is more suitable for piezoelectric transducers ultrasonic sensors. depending on the design used. to make the oscillator circuit and the output of the oscillator signal and hold amplifier.If the ultrasonic wave to travel through the media. Motion Detectors with Infrared Sensors Posted on August 30. Recipient consists of ultrasonic transducers using piezoelectric material. Ultrasonic sensors typically used for a disclosure does not touch such a variety of measurement applications. Signal amplifier will provide electrical signals in the feedback to the piezoelectric and mechanical reactions that vibrate and emit the appropriate frequency oscillator. If the pulse measuring mode the circuit operates on the same piezoelectric element can be used as a transmitter and receiver. a ceramic element to generate electrical voltage when the wave came with resonant frequency and will vibrate the piezoelectric material. receiver. Type of transmission operations in around 32 kHz frequency piezoelectric elements. The system measures the time required for the transmission of waves to go back and calculate the distance to the target sensor by using the speed of sound in the medium. Transmitter is a device that functions as an ultrasonic wave transmitter with a frequency of 40 kHz is generated from an oscillator. v is the speed of sound is 344 m / s and t is the travel time in seconds. which serves as the recipient of reflection waves from the transmitter worn on the surface of an object or a wave of direct LOS (Line of Sight) from the transmitter. While most obstacles ultrasound waves are reflected partly absorbed and some other people will be continued.t / 2 where s is the distance in units of meters. a large mathematical distance is calculated as follows: s = v. Because the piezoelectric material has a reversible reaction. Input voltage causes a ceramic that is used to stretch and emit ultrasonic waves. This tool is generally emit ultrasonic sound waves toward the target that reflects the waves back toward the sensor. This will produce piezoelectric ultrasonic waves with a frequency of 40 kHz when an oscillator is applied to the object. Direct piezoelectric equipment change electrical energy into mechanical energy. if the oscillator frequency is set at the piezoelectric resonance frequency with the best sensitivity and efficiency.

But the main problem is that sometimes these sensors also respond to vibration in the environment. and received by the phototransistor as the receiver. is to use ultrasonic sensors. which resulted in an error response that we did not expect. On the right side (receiver circuit) there is “resonance tuned amplifier” that we can control bandwidth in order to capture the pulse modulation transmitter 5Khz. then reflected by the reflector in front of him. Bandwidth control also serves to reduce the sensitivity to the effects of light around him. . This can be overcome by using active infrared sensors.Motion detectors often we hear. The detected object is located in between the transmitter-receiver with a reflector. The basic concept is similar to an ultrasonic sensor as shown below: As transmitter Photodioda out pulses of infrared light with a certain frequency 5KHz. such as a passing car or plane sound. the advantages of this sensor is sensitive and rapid response. The following is a schematic drawing: Circuit on the left is the transmitter circuit that produces an infrared pulse modulation 5KHz.