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It is well known that the Indian automobile industry is on a boom as of now.

More and more of the cars are getting launched day by day whereas there are potentially about a 1000 motorbikes sold per day. All these combined to the arrival of new car and bike manufactures to India makes the proposition all the more alluring. It is estimated that by the end of 2012, India would be the world‘s third largest automobile market and would only be preceded by US and China. Japan is also vying for the slot of third largest market however at the current rate, India would definitely overtake it sooner or later. Global consultants Booz and Co, in a report, have mentioned that the Indian passenger vehicle scene would be crowded with sales of about 3.5 million units in a few years. The market is slated to grow at a rate of 15-20% within the next few years. Last year, the market was pegged at 2.2 million units whereas it is predicted that it would touch the 2.8 million mark by the end of this year. For accommodating all these customers, the automobile companies would have to ramp up their production techniques, recruit more people and also provide efficient after sales service. It is estimated that about 8-12 new auto plants would be coming up in 2011 in India and this could also boost the volumes part. Indian automobile industry has also recently started to cater to the export market. The export market is currently in the miniscule stages and is expected to grow at a rate of 8% per year. There would also be investments in the Indian automobile sector to the tune of 40 billion by the various automobile companies. All this moolah would be spent in setting up new plants, enhance R&D capabilities, expand distribution network and strengthen component sourcing chain. Because of the huge capacity addition and inflationary pressure, companies are likely to make only medium profits. Currently a few of the cars and bikes command a waiting period of 3 months whereas some even have a 8 months long waiting period. During these times, new vehicles get launched and the customers lose interest in the earlier bookings. This should be also curbed at all costs. Tamil nadu business standard
Since the economic liberalisation in 1991, Tamil Nadu‘s capital Chennai has become one of the major destinations for investments by the world‘s leading automobile majors. Today, seven of the 20 top global auto makers are located in and around Chennai, sometimes referred to as the ‗Detroit of India‘.

It is easy to see why auto companies, like Hyundai, loved setting up shop in TN. The state‘s blend of financial incentives, stable industrial policy, a consistent stream of skilled and disciplined labour, proximity to a port, good infrastructure and abundance of power, make Chennai, an attractive location for a production hub. And yet, dark clouds threaten to bring that smooth ride to an end. Not only are new automakers choosing Gujarat over TN, but erstwhile mainstays of the auto scene in Chennai have also decided to move. Just yesterday, French car maker Peugeot announced that Gujarat, not TN, is a front runner for a 4,000 crore plant that the Peugeot plans on setting up soon. More worryingly, Ford which established its first factory in India at Maraimalai Nagar, near Chennai in 1996 , announced a few weeks ago that its second facility—a Rs 4,000 crore investment with an initial installed capacity of 2.4 lakh units annually—will be set up in Gujarat, not Tamil Nadu. Ford said it selected Gujarat because of the state's pro-business environment. "Gujarat is a classic example of what works. It is run in a professional way. No Bureaucrats hurdles at all, no electricity, water and connectivity problems and incentives are also high. Somehow Tamil Nadu is missing these and has become more bureaucratic,‖ says R Dayal, executive officer, Maruti Suzuki Pvt Ltd. The only ones now left in TN are automakers Hyundai, which followed Ford to Chennai in 1996, as well as BMW, Mitsubishi and Renault-Nissan. Could these automakers be next in line to move? A quick scan of the power situation in TN makes moving a no-brainer. Today power shortage in the state is around 2800-3000 mega watt (MW)—which mainly affects industry, not households. However, OEMs are not directly affected since the government has ensured secondary connections from alternate grids to automakers in the event of load shedding. The real problem with a power shortage lies in the fact that the car manufacturing process is largely the assembling of components procured from either ancillaries or component manufacturers—a domestic industry worth an estimated $30 billion today, of which Tamil Nadu comprises 30 per cent. Car makers outsource almost 80 per cent of the components as this helps in keeping the capital cost low. The industrial estates in and around Chennai, Coimbatore and Hosur abound in auto ancillaries and when they lose power, OEMs also bleed.

Last year. On the commercial vehicle side.Finance. Today. The then company spokesperson came on record and said the company is moving in 20 productions to its Turkey plant. During the early stages of its development. rest of the people in the chain including suppliers invests Rs 4. customers like Hyundai and its position as India‘s premier auto hub.5 lakh commercial vehicles each year. it is ironic that a policy that was once a strength in Tamil Nadu has become a weakness. Arab Emirates and West Asia. At present. Prices are now 200 per cent higher in TN.‖ says a senior official from the industries department. including motorcycles. A mechanism to measure corporate governance practices in automobile companies is required in order to avoid frequent labour unrest in the state. Component makers end up paying around Rs 12-13 for a unit of power due to usage of generators versus Rs 4-6 for grid power. they are not investing in R&D and in expansions. 85 per cent of the vehicles are sold in the domestic market.8 lakh cars every year. with a third of them exported to Asia.000 crore due to shortage of labour and power. The main problem was rival unions clamouring for recognition. Its workers have subsequently gone on strike again in October 2010 as well as June 2011. Hyundai Motor India. making Chennai one of Top 10 centres in the world for car manufacturing. Hero Honda and Hindustan Motors in addition to a number of others. the Indian automobile industry has demonstrated a phenomenal growth to this day. Tamil Nadu risks losing its pride. Wheels India Ltd. is 3040 per cent higher. Real estate pricing according to industry experts is ―killing the industry. Problems also occur due to wage disparities between contract and permanent workers and reluctance of companies to regularise casual workers—used often by car companies to keep costs low—and recognise the Unions. over $3 billion (around Rs 13. Tire maker MRF has experienced a debilitating strike—the Arakkonam (TN) unit was closed for 185 days in 2009. Two major industrial estates—Guindy and Ambattur—in Chennai. Doosan and Caterpillar.‖ the expert points out. Unless the state government acts quickly. 45 km South of Chennai. president. all of this storied history as well as recent accomplishments now stand imperiled. and invested about $1bn in a plant that has a production capacity of 200. Hyundai Motors. Finally. Mahindra and Mahindra. the Indian automobile industry presents a galaxy of varieties and models meeting all possible expectations and globally established industry standards. ―Every third car produced in India is from Chennai or around it. who paved the way for international auto majors in 1991. subsidiary of the South Korean auto maker. However. ―Remember if an OEM is investing Rs 1. However. Following a temporary setback .000 engines. senior Vice-President . the manufacturers in India have started using their own technology evolved in the native soil. Komatsu. Africa and Europe. besides Ashok Leyland. sans the land price.Srivats Ram. the state houses Daimler. Industrial Estate Manufacturer's Association Chennai produces practically everything that moves – from bicycles to battle tanks and everything in between. employing about 2. power and fuel had essentially almost doubled in TN over the last three years. engineering and automobile contributes only 30 per cent of the total Guindy Estate‘s turnover. Scheduled power cut in the Estate is 2 hours and unscheduled is around 2. According to A Paramasivam. ―Since their profits have completely eroded. Last year was a good year for the state. K V Kanakambaram. Can TN soothe the growing apprehension of automakers about setting up factories in the state? ―Times are tough and commitment from the government is necessary to restore the state to its previous position. more than one million cars were produced in Chennai. Tata Motors.800 crore) was invested in Chennai by the car manufacturers by end of 2010. over the years.5 lakh people. Some of the leading names echoing in the Indian automobile industry include Maruti Suzuki. the company shipped its first ‗Made in India‘ Figo to South Africa and plans to expand exports to include 48 countries including North Africa. with Simpsons pioneering India‘s automobile industry including making rail coaches and diesel engines. which results in OEMs facing a shortage in components. According to its estimate. trucks and even rail road coaches—so it‘s no surprise that auto manufacturing was able to thrive. Auto Components Manufacturers Association (ACMA) and managing director. president. tractors. The thriving market place in the country has attracted a number of automobile manufacturers including some of the reputed global leaders to set their foot in the soil looking forward to enhance their profile and prospects to new heights. The lack of power isn‘t the only problem crippling TN‘s auto industry.‖ says K V Kanakambaram. a TVS Group company said that cost of labour. The state has a capacity of 3. The area makes three cars every minute and one commercial vehicle every 75 seconds.000 cars and 250. Ford set up its facility at Maraimalainagar.‖ says R Sethuraman. This is ironic considering that the state government had steadily accumulated a land bank through state industrial promotional agencies over the years to prevent this problem—and that too in a manner that avoided the conflict with farmers like Singur in West Bengal. have lost business worth over Rs 1. Mexico. At Hyundai Motor India. which used to be 100 per cent till 5-6 years back. An Overview of the Indian Automobile Industry Starting its journey from the day when the first car rolled on the streets of Mumbai in 1898. South America. Even just setting up costs. In 2010 alone. president. by getting US car manufacturer Ford to invest in the state in 1995 amid stiff competition from other states including Gujarat. to cater to European markets. Total installed capacity in and around Chennai is 12. Labour problems threaten to sink it as well. This brought down the production by 50 per cent. Indian automobile industry heavily depended on foreign technologies. cars. Union leader at MRF.000 crore. workers went on a 18-day strike at the end of April to demand recognition of the employees' union. these are often due to the more taxing nature of jobs involved in the sector compared to others. ―My vision is to make Chennai the World‘s largest auto cluster.5-3 hours. the company has said. Caparo. Manufacturing in this region started in 1840. Industrial Estate Manufacturers' Association said. It is a vital industry for TN. causing a loss of around Rs 1.‖ said Chief Minister Jayalalithaa. earth-moving equipment.

00. Eventually. History of the Automobile industry in India The economic liberalization that dawned in India in the year 1991 has succeeded in bringing about a sustained growth in the automotive production sector triggered by enhanced competitiveness and relaxed restrictions prevailing in the Indian soil. After this. India is among the world’s largest producers of small cars. Empowered by its present growth. In yet another proposal. This segment has in fact invited a huge amount of Indiaspecific investment by a number of multinational automobile manufacturers.6 million cars making up an identifiable chunk in the world’s annual production of about 73 million cars in a year. In the similar lines. Aveo (GM) in addition to several others. General Motors has announced its plans to export not less than 50. have declared significant expansion plans. Maruti Suzuki and Mahindra and Mahindra. about 75 percent of India’s automobile industry is made up by small cars. On 22 February 2010. today the automobile industry in the country can produce a diverse range of vehicles under three broad categories namely cars. Therefore. the Indian Government and the private sector launched their efforts to establish an automotive component manufacturing industry to meet the needs of the automobile industry. the monthly sales of passenger cars in India exceeded 100. the automotive giants of India including General Motors (GM). During 1980s. automotive component and automobile manufacturing growth remarkably speed-up to meet the demands of domestic and export needs. Toyota. Following the economic liberalization in 1991 and the weakening of the license raj. The New York Times has rated India as a very strong engineering base with an incomparable expertise in the arena of manufacturing a number of low-cost. Nissan. Jazz (Honda) and Cobalt. One can say that the automobile industry in the country has occupied a solid space in the platform of Indian economy. India rose to be the fourth largest exporter of automobiles following Japan. several Japanese manufacturers started joint-ventures for manufacturing motorcycles and light commercialvehicles. two-wheelers and heavy vehicles. A number of Indian automobile manufacturers including Tata Motors. Some of the upcoming cars in the India soil comprise Maruti A-Star (Suzuki).000 cars made in India by the year 2011. Hyundai motors exported its 10. During the period that followed.on account of the global economic recession. and Hyundai. General Motors and Ford have started looking at India as a prospective hot destination to establish and expand their operations. In the year 2009.000 units in February 2009. the country is expecting the arrival of more than a dozen new brands making compact car models. Bajaj small car (Bajai Auto). Like many other nations India’s highly developed transportation system has played a very important role in the development of the country’s economy over the past to this day. Recently. Experts have an opinion that during the early stages the policies and the treatment by the Indian government were not favorable to the development of the automobile industry. Exports of Automobile Industry Today. The growth of this segment was however not so encouraging in the initial stage and through the 1950s and 1960s on account of nationalization combined with the license raj that was hampering the private sector in the country. and a rapidly surging economy. the nation is firmly set on its way to become an outsourcing platform for a number of global auto companies. the period that followed 1970s. However. The figures published by the Asia Economic Institute indicate that the Indian automobile sector is set to emerge as the global leader by 2012. After the nation became independent in the year 1947. global automobile giants like Volvo. have dramatically expanded both their domestic and international operations. The automobile sector of India is the seventh largest in the world. Indian automobile industry has been growing at a pace of about 18% per year. The country is the largest manufacturer of motorcycles and the fifth largest producer of commercial vehicles. with the figure ranking the nation on top of any other country on the globe. several Indian and multi-national car companies launched their operations on the soil. several foreign based companies started joint ventures with Indian companies. the country manufactures about 2. However. the country saw the entry of Japanese manufacturers establishing Maruti Udyog. Even till those days. the feat which was achieved by the firm in just over 10 years. South Korea and Thailand. Ford Motors is to setup a manufacturing facility costing about US$500 million in India with an annual . scooters and commercial vehicles. During this time. the liberalization policy and various tax reliefs announced by the Indian government over the recent past have pronounced a significantly encouraging impact on this industry segment. Estimates reveal that owing to several boosting factors.000 people.000th car. Honda. that the Indian government selected Suzuki for a joint-venture to produce small cars. Hyundai Motors is the largest passenger car exporter and the second largest car manufacturer in the country. fuel-efficient cars has encouraged the expansion plans of the manufacturing facilities of a number of automobile leaders like Hyundai Motors. Experts state that in the year 2050. Maruti Splash (Suzuki). Volkswagen. cars were something of a sort of a major luxury. a very low base of car ownership in the country estimated at about 25 per 1. witnessed a sizeable growth contributed by tractors. VW Up and VW Polo (Volkswagen). Over the next two or three years. In a year. The beginnings of automotive industry in India can be traced during 1940s. Industry experts have visualized an unbelievably huge increase in these figures over the immediate future. On account of its huge market potential. At present. India will top the car volumes of all the nations of the world with about 611 million cars running on its roads. the Indian automobile market has once again picked up a remarkable momentum witnessing a buoyant sale for the first time in its history in the month of September 2009. The country’s active economic growth has paved a solid road to the further expansion of its domestic automobile market. As a significant milestone in its progress. Volkswagen and Suzuki.

the Indian automobile industry rode high on the resurgence of consumer demand in the country as a result of the Government’s fiscal stimulus and attractively low interest rates. About 50% of the motorcylcles are manufactured by Hero Honda.09 crore. the industry had made it possible for common men to buy cars for their personal use. In yet another significant move. the Indian automobile industry has successfully come unaffected out of the global financial crisis.77 crore. Specifically. in the year 2009. While the automobile industry in India is the ninth largest in the world. Over and above. General Motors has also come up with similar plans. Every new day dawns in India with some new launches by active players in the Indian automobile arena. During the current fiscal year. the country emerged as the fourth largest automobiles exporter on the globe following Japan. About 40% of the three-wheelers manufactured in India are used for transporting goods with Piaggio manufacturing 40% of the vehicles sold in the Indian market. This has helped many to realize their dreams of driving the most luxurious cars. Further. Bajaj has emerged as the leader in manufacturing three-wheelers used for passenger transport. The firm produces about 68% percent of the three wheelers used for passenger transport in India.28.845. Predictions made by Ernst and Young have estimated that the Indian passenger car market will have a growth rate of about 12 percent per annum over the next five years to reach the production of 3.2-trillion economy. Fiat motors has stated that it will source a big volume of auto components from India worth about US$1 billion. the segment of commercial vehicles witnessed the biggest jump in revenues by 31 per cent by reporting Rs 38. Potential of Indian Automobile Industry There is a very stiff competition in the automobile industry segment in India. industry experts believe that the nation will soon establish its stand as an automobile hub exporting about 2. While Honda manufactures about 46% of the scooters. These figures imply a highly prospective road lying immediately ahead of the Indian automobile industry. This is a remarkable achievement compared with the total revenue of Rs 1. Nissan Motors has revealed its prospective plans to export 250. With some innovative strategies and by adopting some alternative remedial measures. A reply produced in the Lok Sabha recently has quoted data from the Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers and has revealed that the total turnover of the Indian automobile Industry in April-February 2009-10 was 1. a number of overseas companies have started grabbing a big chunk of the market share in both domestic and export sales.62.545. In the year 2009. a number of automobile manufacturers based in India have expanded their operations around the globe also giving way for a number of reputed MNCs to enthusiastically invest in the Indian automobile sector. India overtook China by emerging as the fourth largest exporter of cars in Asia. During the same period.capacity of 250. This achievement will succeed in consolidating India’s position as the seventh largest automobiles manufacturer on the globe. During the recent past.96 crores. The firm has stated that the facility will play a major part in its strategic plan to make India a hub for its global production business. In the utility vehicles segment Mahindra makes up a 42% share. South Korea and Thailand.75 million units by the year 2014. The Automotive Mission Plan launched by the Indian government has envisaged that the country will emerge as the seventh largest car maker on the globe thereby contributing more than 10 percent to the nation’s $1. As a result the total turnover of the domestic automobile industry increased by about 27 per cent. the passenger vehicle segment in the country witnessed a growth of 27 per cent over the last fiscal year by reporting a total revenue of Rs 76. Various Segments of the Indian Automobile Industry Motor cycles manufacture makes up the major share in the two-wheeler segment of the Indian automobile industry. The Indian passenger vehicle segment is dominated by cars which make up about 80% of it. TVS produces 82% of the mopeds running on the Indian roads. . Tata Motors also enjoys the credit of being the world’s fifth largest manufacturer of medium and heavy commercial vehicles.53 crore reported during the same period of last fiscal year. Maruti Suzuki manufactures about 52% of passenger cars while the firm enjoys a complete monopoly in the manufacture of multi-purpose vehicles.000 vehicles produced in its India plant by the year 2011. eventually surging forth to become the third largest by the year 2030 behind China and the US. On the other hand. The analysts have further stated that the industry’s turnover will touch $155 billion by 2016.708.384. Tata Motors is the leader in the Indian commercial vehicles market while it holds more than 60% share.000 cars.75 million units and selling about a million units to be operated on the domestic roads. By introducing some low cost cars.