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Modern Indian Jute Industry Jute, the eco-fibre is the raw material for one of India’s oldest

industries. Jute industry is considered to be the oldest industry in India which is dated back in Mughal Empire. However, the first proper jute mill started in 1865 in Bengal. After British Empire left India, most of the jute mills are taken over by Marwaris. Now the jute industry in India provides a livelihood to more than 240,000 mill workers and more than 4 million farmers’ families. The jute industry in India has been extending to a large scale. The jute mills are now engaged in manufacturing wide range of life style consumer products. Innovation of modern dyes, bleach and finishing processes enabled the industry to produce higher quality jute products which are softer with more shine. Jute has been the most versatile natural fibre. The jute sector produces products ranging from low value geo-textile to high end garments, decoratives, upholstery etc. Many of the jute plants or mills are now engaged in producing jute blended yarns. The jute industry scenario in India has been changed from making traditional hessian to high end fashion garments. Jute industry in India contributes a key role in the economy. The jute export counts to about 1000 crore. The import of raw jute has been dropped by 66% in 20008-09. The EXIM policy has announced duty free for import of raw jute. Now, coming to modern jute industry product, the most popular is the handcrafted jute bag. The craft of putting the mixed jute yarns into utility items like jute bag has added immense functional value to this natural fibre. The modern jute crafted bags are further adorned by blending various crafts with them such as tie and dye, embroidery, patch work etc. Hand block printing which is an ancient craft on jute bags has unfailingly improved the beauty of these jute bags.

WB mulling to use German technology to process jute for newsprint Kolkata December 17, 2008: To promote alternate usage of jute West Bengal's agriculture department is keen to import German technology to start processing jute for newsprint. West Bengal is one of the leading producers of jute in the world. It is looking at identifying more diversified uses of the crop as jute is no longer the preferred packaging material. "Newsprints are in high demand. I have already spoken to the industries minister on the issue of bringing in the technology from Germany and locating a private partner here for commercialising jute processing for newsprint.", said Naren De, state agriculture minister. The state government could take the help of the Central Research Institute for Jute & Allied Fibres (CRIJAF) at Barrackpore to co-develop the technology. Source: Business Standard Revival and growth of jute industry Kolkata: July 07, 2007: Revival and growth of jute industry is hardly possible unless it gets modernized and technologically upgraded without any further delay. In fact, the 150-year-old industry with 75% obsolete machinery is generally tagged as ‘sunset industry’ with ‘vintage machinery’. As far machines available in international markets, there was nothing but copies of the-then UKbased James Mackie versions or newly-painted secondhand jute machinery in some overseas countries, which have been dismantled by their jute mills as clumsy, unremunerative and laborintensive. Understandably, some jute mills exported these secondhand jute machines to India

In other words. . so that it could bear the speed of the new-generation machines. jute machines like spreaders. these machines have limited output quality and scope for new development. correction and gaining confidence. prototype development. cards and drawing (rotary) being produced now are nothing more than copying the existing ones. trial run. SITRA. efforts should be made for improving yield.for modernization. In fact. textile engineers and designers from national research organisation like BITRA. quality and blending strength of raw jute. engaging small venders in machinebuilding and development has failed to deliver efficient machines. ICAR and IJIRA. Admittedly. the local jute industry has gathered from the Union government and UNDP project I&II that machine-building and development require gestation time of at least three to five years to freeze design. Simultaneously. All these only pinpoint research and development (R&D) for modernization and quality improvement of domestic jute products requires huge investment at national level and setting up a central R&D cell on jute by drawing nationally reputed scientists. As such.