The Indian retail industry is the fifth largest in the world. Comprising of organized and unorganized sectors, India retail industry is one of the fastest growing industries in India, especially over the last few years. Though initially, the retail industry in India was mostly unorganized, however with the change of tastes and preferences of the consumers, the industry is getting more popular these days and getting organized as well. With growing market demand, the industry is expected to grow at a pace of 2530% annually. The India retail industry is expected to grow from ` 35,000 crore in 2004-05 to ` 109,000 crore by the year 2010. In the Indian retailing industry, food is the most dominating sector and is growing at a rate of 9% annually. The branded food industry is trying to enter the India retail industry and convert Indian consumers to branded food. Since at present 60% of the Indian grocery basket consists of nonbranded items.

Growth of Indian Retail

It is expected that by 2016 modern retail industry in India will be worth US$ 175- 200 billion. India retail industry is one of the fastest growing industries with revenue expected in 2007 to amount US$ 320 billion and is increasing at a rate of 5% yearly. A further increase of 7-8% is expected in the industry of retail in India by growth in consumerism in urban areas, rising incomes, and a steep rise in rural consumption. It has further been predicted that the retailing industry in India will amount to US$ 21.5 billion by 2010 from the current size of US$ 7.5 billion.

According to the 8th Annual Global Retail Development Index (GRDI) of AT Kearney, India retail industry is the most promising emerging market for investment. In 2007, the retail trade in India had a share of 8-10% in the GDP (Gross Domestic Product) of the country. In 2009, it rose to 12%. It is

also expected to reach 22% by 2010.

According to a report by Northbride Capita, the India retail industry is expected to grow to US$ 700 billion by 2010. By the same time, the organized sector will be 20% of the total market share. It can be mentioned here that, the share of organized sector in 2007 was 7.5% of the total retail market.

Major Retailers in India


Pantaloon is one of the biggest retailers in India with more than 450 stores across the country. Headquartered in Mumbai, it has more than 5 million sq. ft retail space located across the country. It's growing at an enviable pace and is expected to reach 30 million sq. ft by the year 2010. In 2001, Pantaloon launched country's first hypermarket „Big Bazaar‟. It has the following retail segments:
       

Food & Grocery: Big Bazaar, Food Bazaar Home Solutions: Hometown, Furniture Bazaar, Collection-i Consumer Electronics: e-zone Shoes: Shoe Factory Books, Music & Gifts: Depot Health & Beauty Care: Star, Sitara E-tailing: Entertainment: Bowling Co.

Tata Group Tata group is another major player in Indian retail industry with its subsidiary Trent, which operates Westside and Star India Bazaar. Established in 1998, it also acquired the largest book and music retailer in India „Landmark‟ in 2005. Trent owns over 4 lakh sq. ft retail space across the country.

RPG Group

RPG Group is one of the earlier entrants in the Indian retail market, when it came into food & grocery retailing in 1996 with its retail Foodworld stores. Later it also opened the pharmacy and beauty care outlets „Health & Glow‟.


Reliance is one of the biggest players in Indian retail industry. More than 300 Reliance Fresh stores and Reliance Mart are quite popular in the Indian retail market. It's expecting its sales to reach ` 90,000 crores by 2010.

AV Birla Group

AV Birla Group has a strong presence in Indian apparel retailing. The brands like Louis Phillipe, Allen Solly, Van Heusen, Peter England are quite popular. It's also investing in other segments of retail. It will invest ` 80009000 crores by 2010.

Retail formats in India

Hypermarts/supermarkets: large self-servicing outlets offering products from a variety of categories.

Mom-and-pop stores: they are family owned business catering to small sections; they are individually handled retail outlets and have a personal touch.

Departmental stores: are general retail merchandisers offering quality products and services.

Convenience stores: are located in residential areas with slightly higher prices goods due to the convenience offered.

  Value the transparency in the supply and production chain Do not use price as the primary factor to make purchase decisions – there exist distinct consumer groups. This is also known as Multi Brand Outlets or MBO's.  E-trailers: are retailers providing online buying and selling of products and services.  Category killers: small specialty stores that offer a variety of categories. Mumbai's Crossword Book Store and RPG's Music World are a couple of examples. malls offers customers a mix of all types of products and services including entertainment and food under a single roof. DATA AND SURVEYS RESULTS: The survey revealed that the urban Indian retail consumer. but products that are not local are also well accepted. Here beverages. For retailers interested in the Indian market or those seeking to enter the retail trade. on an average. .  Specialty stores: are retail chains dealing in specific categories and provide deep assortment. Products (and retailers) that do not share enough information regarding the production methods tend to be preferred less by the urban Indian consumer.  Vending: it is a relatively new entry.  Prefer fresh products. in the retail sector. such as electronics and sporting goods. values product attributes freshness as well as unobservable attributes such as place of produce or environmental friendliness and is not driven by the low-prices only. it is important to note that consumers. snacks and other small items can be bought via vending machine. They are known as category killers as they focus on specific categories. Shopping malls: the biggest form of retail in India.  Discount stores: these are factory outlets that give discount on the MRP.

 Prefer environmentally friendly products and attach high utility to products that represent this information pictorial on the packaging  Do not accept anymore products with no information. They prefer local produces and are willing to pay a small premium to get products that have these characteristics.  Environment conscious group This group was the largest (nearly 44%) among the respondents.  Health conscious group 26% of the respondents belongs to this group. Challenges facing Indian retail industry         The tax structure in India favors small retail business Lack of adequate infrastructure facilities High cost of real estate Dissimilarity in consumer groups Restrictions in Foreign Direct Investment Shortage of retail study options Shortage of trained manpower Low retail management skill . They also do not worry substantially about the environmental impact of the products purchased. Urban Indian customers appear to fall into 3 major groups depending on their product and purchase choices. This group prefers products that are not treated with pesticides and are particularly sensitive to health issues. These consumers attach maximum value to environmental impact of the products purchased.  Price dependent group 21% of the respondents make their product choices by considering the price alone and they are not heavily affected by the method or place of production.

In the broadest sense.The Future The retail industry in India is currently growing at a great pace and is expected to go up to US$ 833 billion by the year 2013. the consumer spending has also gone up and is also expected to go up further in the future. and should formulate their strategies according to the needs and expectations of serving class. It is further expected to reach US$ 1. practices. and operations used to promote and sustain certain categories of commercial activity. Classification of India (Customers) on the basis of Research: Research Conducted by Future Group future group2 research classifies Indian Customers into three sets and provides a base to the retailers in segmenting the Indian market. to flourish in the market . It indicates that retailers should target this segment (India 2) rather than focusing on India one only. By the year 2013. As a result. At a retail in-store level. Merchandising is the methods. As the country has got a high growth rates. regarded as consuming class. In the last four year. merchandising refers to the variety of products available for sale and the display of those products in such a way that it stimulates interest and entices customers to make a purchase. the India retail industry is expected to grow further in the future days. merchandising is any practice which contributes to the sale of products to a retail consumer. the major one & only 14% are in the upper middle class. the consumer spending in India climbed up to 75%. The research shows that serving class consists of approximately 55% of the population. the organized sector is also expected to grow at a CAGR of 40%.3 trillion by the year 2018 at a CAGR of 10%. India retail industry is progressing well and for this to continue retailers as well as the Indian government will have to make a combined effort.

With consumers seeking more personalization and intimacy at their local retail stores. . grouping similarly performing stores and then conducting more consumer research to determine what other products they are likely to buy. the company will be positioning its decision makers to tailor an entire store for every category and every type of consumer who likes to shop there. Retailers can no longer tie up their working capital in excess inventory that will require significant markdowns to clear. Armed with such granular information. As that insight accumulates season after season. Traditional broad-brush planning and buying strategies based solely on historical data are no longer effective when it comes to offering consumers the right products. the retailer is able to reveal and address the unique customer profiles that distinguish each store. how frequently they go out to eat.Recognizing and Responding to Shopper Differences at the Store Level: The advent of social media and online communities is making the world smaller. their level of education and more. the costly days of “stack it high and watch it fly” are over. retailers are tapping into demand-driven clustering exercises that are augmented by detailed demographic and geographic shopper data. their family lifestyle. this retailer is shaping future assortments. A major big-box retailer and JDA Software customer is combining performance along with descriptive consumer data to get a highly accurate snapshot of local consumers that provides descriptive residence information. By managing a rich set of attributes and leveraging multidimensional data from one category to another. To get closer to their customers.

Another 75 million households are in the category of „well off‟ immediately below the affluent. Wal-Mart . as compared to urban market but reaching out to the mass is a concern. 2) Increase in the Sizable Disposable Income: Business communities believe that sizable disposable income in India is concentrated in the urban areas and well off and affluent classes. Of course. 3) Place is no more important: The Major issue is to find out a suitable business model and retail format to fit local taste and preferences. with household income in excess of INR215. earning between INR45. Therefore. the 20 million middle class home in rural India equals the number in urban India4 and thus have the same purchasing power. 000 and INR 2. only a little over six million are „affluent‟ – that is. cost of doing business in rural market would be lesser.Emerging Trends in Consumers’ Income & Consumption Pattern: NCAER study and some other data published by different research & consulting sources indicate the following trend in Consumer income and put the following projections about the Indian retailing: 1) Growing Prosperity: Making Indian Consumers Great: As per India’s Marketing White book (2006)3 by Business world. income distribution in India is unequal compared to other Asian economies.000. In fact. 000. it is less developed in terms of infrastructural facilities. India has around 192 million households. how to serve that market profitably. There is no denying that the rural market holds immense promise for the organized retail but companies ponder over. This is a sizable proportion which offers excellent opportunity for organized retailers to serve. there is significant and considerable opportunity for organized retailers in the rural areas as well. For example the most successful and the largest incorporation. Of these. Unlike the urban market. 15.

the urban and the rural upperincome groups can form an interesting continuum market.3.000 per annum in 2005-06 was 1.249 ( 000) is projected to come down to 1. giving it a scale of 23 million households. 4) Increasing Potential in Rural Markets: NCAER data shows that for 199899.( Annexure:1.Still it remains attractive because of intense competition in Urban India. According to the latest data on household Consumption expenditure.394 by 2009-10 which indicates that middle class is growing and they are emerging as real customers.500. the best and only statement of the structure and potential of the Indian market. Of this.started in the rural market where as competition started in the urban market.2. In value terms. This is. (Annexure: 11) . average number of sales outlets per haat is 300 and average sales per outlet is INR 900 and average foot fall in a haat is about 4. . Hence. Given the increasing urban exposure of rural India. perhaps.4) 6) Higher Proportionate Rural Expenditure: While an average City-dweller may be spending almost twice than his counter-part in rural areas but in terms of allocation of his budget to key segments. 37% was spent by the two lowest. or 115 million consumers. however there is a sharp difference with rural Indian households earmarking Rs. This retailer has proved that it is important to understand how do you operate your business model rather than where you do it. marketers have to worry about purchasing power of consumers not where do they reside. of Household having income of < 90. rural India is allocating almost 10% of the monthly household Budget for fuel & Lighting while an average urban household spends 9% under the same head. In rural India there are 50 million 5) As per NCAER data no.500 crore was spent. and only about 20% by the top two income groups in urban areas.000 rural haats.14. the villager has sprung a few surprises.32. For example there are nearly 42. for a basket of 22 FMCG products it tracks. a total of over Rs 91. 60 a month as consumption expenditure.income groups in rural India.

bred on success will not drive the productivity but also set a spiraling effect on consumption & generation of income. The low median age of population means a higher current consumption rate which augurs well for the retail sector.1171 a month in urban India. 8) Fundamental Changes in Indian Economy: There are fundamental but significant changes underway in our economy. This means majority of the population is young and working class with higher purchasing power.110 in cities and towns. exuberant generation. the average consumption spending too is low in rural areas. Tesco is planning to enter the market through a partnership with Home Care Retail Mart Pvt Ltd and expects to open 50 stores by 2010. such as Nike or Adidas. Consumer spending in India has grown at over 12 percent since mid-1990s and 64 per cent of Indian GDP is accounted for by private consumption.compared to Rs. 625 a month. After all. 39 a day or Rs. the average Indian spending has gone up from INR 5. 60% of which is under 30 years of age.745 in 199293 to INR 16. A youthful.19 a day or Rs. the ownership of goods will also go up significantly by getting empowered through rise in the size of the great Indian middle class 7) Young Population: By 2010 almost half of our citizens will be in the working age group of 20-24 years. Currently the country has a population of over one billion. the government announced that foreign companies can own up to 51 percent of a single brand retail company. compared to Rs. . Over the last decade. The rapid rise in incomes will lead to an even faster increase in demand for consumer durables and expendables. In January 2006.457 in 2003-04 and is expected to grow around its trend rate of 12 per cent per annum. This decision would certainly encourage retailers such as Zara5 and Gap6 to enter this market. Result by. at Rs.

. So. FDI up to 51% under government route is allowed in retail trade of single brand products. Spreading fad and fashions consciousness of Indian retail customers. To withstand the global competition and compete successfully in the 21st century retailers must focus on customer buying experience.391. 3. globalization and privatization. 5. 4.19 in initial public offer (IPO‟S). Indian customers shifting from unorganized kirana stores retail format to organized retail formats like hypermarkets and malls. 2. The second wave which began 10 years later is customer relationship management in retailing which now transformed and paved the way for CEM (customer experience management). is the current trend in 21st century. So. According to BMI India retail report -2011. 100% FDI is permitted under automatic route for trading companies for cash and carry trading and wholesale trading. the proposed FDI norms will open up strategic investment opportunity for global retailer to invest in India. The third wave of change which is a continuous one is “Uniqueness of Indian customers and their changing preferences”.WAVES OF CHANGES IN INDIAN RETAIL SECTOR IN 21ST CENTURY The waves of changes that have transformed the Indian retail industry are: 1. The first wave of change which has revolutionized the Indian retail sector was „LPG‟ means liberalization. the retailers in this 21st century must make continuous efforts in understanding customers perceptions and must create diversified and innovative retail formats. 
 “Differentiate or die”. The consumer affairs ministry has given green signal to allow 49%. FDI in multi-brand retail SEBI has notified the increase in the retail investment limit to US $4.

Besides. the organised sector‟s growth potential will increase due to globalisation. Even small towns and cities are witnessing a major shift in consumer lifestyle and preferences. Tata. high consumer spending over the years by the young population (more than 31% of the country is below 14 years) and sharp rise in disposable income are driving the Indian organised retail sector‟s growth. However. formats. going forward. have been investing considerably in the booming Indian retail sector. Moreover. Adani Enterprise. Additionally. and cities. it is not without challenges that could slow the pace of growth for new entrants. high personnel costs. and highly competitive domestic retailer groups are some such challenges. shrinkage. companies like Reliance. and changing lifestyle.STASTICAL DETAILS : During the last few years. For example. Rigid regulations. Bharti. real estate costs. a number of transnational corporations have also set up retail chains in collaboration with big Indian companies. . lack of basic infrastructure. resource constraints at shopping mall projects are also delaying completion and disrupting many retailers‟ entry strategies. and have thus emerged as attractive markets for retailers to expand their presence. Major domestic players have entered the retail arena and have ambitious plans to expand in the future years across verticals. the Indian retail market has seen considerable growth in the organised segment. Although the growth potential in the sector is immense. high economic growth. The Indian retail sector is highly fragmented and the unorganised sector has around 13 million retail outlets that account for around 95-96% of the total Indian retail industry.

though the per capita retail store is the highest.903) per million inhabitants.Global retail sales was estimated to be around US$ 12 trillion in 20072. and the average size of one store is 50-100 square feet. On a global level. decreased consumer spending. the economy performed robustly till 2007. but the US crisis spread over to Europe in early 2008. The per capita retail space in India is among the lowest in the world. India has the highest number of retail outlets in the world at over 13 million retail outlets. It also has the highest number of outlets (11. . Majority of these stores are located in rural areas. however. the slowdown in the global economy. and its impact was felt in the Asia-Pacific region by mid-2008. especially in the US. in 2008. and credit crunch.

Rising household expenditure in BRIC countries drives organised retail The household expenditure in Brazil. East Asia excluding China. In 20063. or the BRIC countries. the share of organised retail in the US was around 85%. Central America. North Central Europe and South Africa. in the UK it was 80%. Germany. The first wave took place in the early to mid-1990s in South America. 20% and 33%. China. Central and South America. South-east Asia and South Central Europe. UK. Germany. The second wave of organised retail occurred during mid-to-late 1990s in Mexico. Russia. in Japan it was 66%. The concept of organised retail had occurred much later in developing economies than the developed economies. UK. India and Russia and continues to grow at a rapid pace. and Japan has witnessed an average annual . indicating the higher growth potential for the retail sector in these countries that have a large consumer base. Household expenditure (at constant prices) in developed countries like the US. Modern day retail came into existence in three successive waves. India and China. Japan. is growing at a faster rate than the developed countries like the US. China and Russia it was 6%. The third wave of organised retail boom started in the late 1990s and early 2000 in some parts of Africa.Evolution of organised retail The share of organised retail in developed countries is much higher than developing countries like India. respectively. while in developing countries like India. and France. South-east Asia.

2%.5%. and 1. the global demand is weakening. . Even though 100% FDI is not permitted in the retail sector. The developed countries are witnessing a continuous fall in domestic demand and high dependence on export earnings. owing to economic slowdown. China.0%. 2. recently. big retail companies in those countries are increasingly expanding their footprint in emerging countries like India. during 2004-2007. but the expenditure in the BRIC countries has been much higher. In current times. and this worry is looming large over the retail sector. The fact that the penetration of organised retail in BRIC countries is much lower than the developed countries is acting as an added advantage for these retail giants. The consumer market in the developed countries is saturating. Wal-Mart has opened its first store at Amritsar (Punjab) in a joint venture (JV) with Bharti Enterprises. India continues to attract leading global retailers to start retail business through local alliances. and it is also planning to expand its footprint to other parts of India.2%.growth of 3. and Russia. respectively. 0. which are the reasons for lower household expenditure. and therefore. For example.

. department stores etc and raise consumer expectations  In the second phase.Major global retail markets This section provides a brief overview on the retail industry in major global markets on the basis of phases of retail lifecycle. There were also occasional fairs and festivals where people went to shop. thereby leading to a strong growth  In the third phase. the domestic market reaches a saturation point leading to limited growth. consumers demand more modern formats as the markets develop. Earlier on retailing in India was mostly done through family-owned small stores with limited merchandise. supermarket. Some manufacturers like Bombay Dyeing started forward integrating to sell their own merchandise. Organised retailing in most economies typically passes through four distinct phases:  In the first phase. high streets like Linking Road and Fashion Street emerged in Mumbai. infusion of western concepts brought about changes in the structure of retailing. new entrants create awareness of modern formats like hypermarket. In those times. popularly known as kirana or mom-and-pop stores. food and grocery were shopped from clusters of open kiosks and stalls called mandis. In the twentieth century. During this time. the high rate of growth leads to a stage of mature market  In the final phase. The government set up the public distribution system (PDS) outlets to sell subsidised food and started the Khadi Gram Udyog to sell clothes made of cotton fabric. Shopping centres or complex came into existence. There were some traditional retail chains like Nilgiri and Akbarallys that were set up on the lines of western retail concepts of supermarkets. so retailers explore and evaluate new markets across the globe Retail in India: Industry Structure The retail industry in India is highly fragmented and unorganised. which was a primitive form of today‟s malls.

thereby resulting in a spurt in retail trade.6% in the previous 20 years. the disposable income of a large section of the population.5%) and the manufacturing sector (9.1% during FY99-FY03.896 per annum as compared with 3. many Indian players like Shoppers Stop.Since liberalisation in early 1990s. With the opening up of foreign direct investment in single-brand retail and cash–and-carry formats. according to the Mckinsey Global Institute (MGI). Many single-brand retailers like Louis Vuitton and Tommy Hilfiger took advantage of this opportunity. The cash-and-carry format has proved to be an entry route for global multichannel retailing giants like Metro. .9% during FY04-FY08. Booming Indian economy spurs consumption The Indian economy posted a remarkable CAGR growth of 8. the average real household disposable income is likely to grow by 5. which increased the per capita income and in turn. Furthermore. Spencer Retail ventured into the organised retail sector and have grown by many folds since then. which indicates the huge potential for the retail sector in India.3% during 20052025 and reach Rs 318. Pantaloon Retail India Ltd (PRIL). Growth in the retail trade depends on the fundamentals of an economy. These were the pioneers of the organised Indian retail formats. riding high on the high growth in the service sector (10. The Indian economy grew at a robust rate over the last five years. Wal-Mart and Tesco. The rise in per capita income and the resultant rise in disposable income stimulated consumption during this five-year period.4%) as compared with 7. a new chapter unfolded in the retail space.4% and 4.

In the past consumers. Due to the consequent boom in the Indian retail sector many foreign and Indian players entered the Indian retail sector. increased their consumption expenditure with an increase in their earnings. . especially young consumers in the age group of 15-34. per capita income and retail sales are positively related The private final consumption expenditure (PFCE) and GDP growth are indicative of the growth in the retail sector. these young consumers totalled around 400 million and constituted 35% of the total population.Private Final Consumption Expenditure.

and brand-driven.segmentation by verticals and by channels.The chart above shows that during FY95-FY00. and has become more process-driven. and the real GDP growth followed a similar trend as the PFCE. During these time periods. changes in lifestyle. standardised.0%. the PFCE as a percentage of GDP at factor cost at constant prices remained very high at 62. the overall retail sector growth received a major impetus during this period. PCFE declined to 4. the PFCE (constant prices) increased by 5. During FY08.4% per annum.2%. coupled with an increase in the education levels among others. Later on. the retail sales. Again during FY03-FY07. it went up to 6. growing urbanisation. Verticals are segmented on the basis of the type of . from FY01 to FY03. There have been striking changes in India‟s consumption pattern over the past 50 years owing to the ever-increasing media exposure. Industry segmentation Organised retail can be segmented in two ways . hence. which made it evident that there is a positive correlation between real GDP and PFCE on the retail sector. The Indian retail industry has matured tremendously over the years. the per capita income.2% per annum. qualityassured.

However. The food and grocery segment is the second-largest in the organised retail and has an 11. supermarkets and department stores and non-store formats like online retailing. The store offers a wide range of fruits. Food Bazaar . Post-liberalisation. vegetables. store channels of retailing that comprise different formats like hypermarkets. Initially this segment grew at a slow pace due to the presence of an established retailing system led by kirana stores. It uses a concessionaire model for wet groceries. Initially it was a part of Big Bazaar but later on it started operating as a standalone outlet in addition to being a part of Big Bazaar. Major retail segments Food and grocery: In 2007. a highly-fragmented food supply chain. the food and grocery segment was valued at Rs 7.920 billion. Nilgiri was one of the earliest retailers that started a chain or stores in different parts of the country.merchandise offered. FMCG products and ready-to-cook products. for example. organised retailers saw a renewed opportunity in the food and grocery segment. Few food and grocery retailers Food Bazaar: PRIL ventured into food retailing with Food Bazaar in Apr 2002. there was a completely opposite scenario in the organised retail segment. however. Channels are the means through which retailers sell their merchandise. and the lack of a developed food processing industry. and it enjoyed a dominant market share of 62% in the total Indian retail sector. the growth of Nilgiri‟s stores was limited as it was challenged by a weak supply chain and an under-developed food processing industry.5% share that is valued at Rs 90 billion. and it sources staples from APMC or farmers (where the state permits). similar merchandise can be clubbed together to form a vertical. for instance food and grocery. vending and kiosks.

personal care. It focuses on building a strong relationship with the agri-business value chain and sources directly from wholesalers. In May 2007. a subsidiary of Reliance Industries Ltd. staples. This store is modelled on the concept of low-frills neighbourhood store of 1.313 bn. vegetables.000-1. fresh juice corner etc. and also have plans to increase their presence. In Aug 2007. . home care and kitchen utensils. More: Aditya Birla Retail Ltd forayed into the retail business in 2006 by acquiring Trinethra Super Market Ltd. pharmacy. The supermarket store has a minimum size of 2. this category held the second position with a 9. It entered the food and grocery segment in November 2006 through its convenience store format Reliance Fresh. Fashion and accessories Fashion and accessories is the largest category in organised retail and had a 38. the south-India based retail chain. Levi‟s. Benetton.5% share valued at Rs 1. Marks and Spencer have opened their stores in India. Despite the high rental. poultry and dairy products. vegetables. many global retailers like Gas. Gucci.attracts high footfalls due to innovative initiatives like live-grinding. general merchandise. personal care. the store ventured into another retail format that served the food and grocery segment called the KB Fair Price shop. the company launched its own brand of stores called More in Pune.600 square feet. The store offers a range of fruits. The segment has driven the retail boom in India and has opened many opportunities for large as well as global retailers to enter the segment.1% share valued at Rs 298 bn in 2007. has an aggressive plan to expand its retail network across India. live bakery. Reliance Retail: Reliance Retail Ltd. In terms of total retail.500 square feet and offers fruits. The Fair Price store follows a pricing model that is 20% lower than the prevailing market price.

and the increasing willingness on the part of consumers to pay a premium for quality. Gradually.9%.2% in the Rs 1. As on Dec 2008. Over the years.8%. Shoppers Stop has lifestyle retailing as its core housing brand across categories like apparels and accessories. Later in 1998 Koutons was established to provide affordable men‟s wear to the masses. It was established as Charlie Creation Pvt Ltd in 1991 for manufacturing and exporting garments. Koutons also entered the women‟s segment in Apr 2008 by launching its brand Les Femme.The men‟s wear segment had the highest share of 40. it positioned itself as a family store targeted across age and gender groups but later it shifted its focus towards being a fashion store and gave more emphasis on the youth. which caters to young women in the 16-34 years age group and . Shoppers Stop: Shoppers Stop is one of the largest retailers in India. Pantaloons had around 44 stores spread across major cities in India. Koutons: Koutons Retail is a leading manufacturer of readymade and fashion wear brand. Initially. the store has undergone several transitions. When it was launched. The premium segment has seen the fastest growth in value owing to the rising preference for formals at Indian workplaces. The store operated at 26 locations in 12 cities as on Dec 2008. Demand in the branded apparel segment is increasing as consumers are upgrading to premium brands due to changing preferences. the new offerings from international brands. followed by the kids wear and uniform category at 24.313billion fashion and accessories market in 2007 while the women‟s category accounted for 34. The store recently revamped its branding by introducing a new symbol. Few fashion and accessories retailers Pantaloons: The first Pantaloon store was opened at Gariahat in 1997 in 8. the store mostly sold external brands.000-square-feet area. It primarily caters to the lifestyle segment and offers customers both domestic and international brands. it started retailing an eclectic mix of external brands as well as private labels. The apparel retailers are also pushing themselves to the accessories segment to attract more customers.

Reebok. Reebok‟s offerings include apparels. in the semiformal. lycra. Few footwear retailers Reebok: In 1995. both domestic and international. Reebok forayed into the Indian retail market. There already are a large number of players. Footwear In 2007. the footwear segment had a 1. The footwear market is experiencing a changing consumer preference for casual and younger style due to media penetration and due to the increasing awareness about international trends and lifestyle.includes apparels like t-shirts. semi-formal shirts. The market currently offers many brands that cater to every target segment.4%. denims. capri pants etc. Today Reebok is one of the frontrunners in the Indian sports wear industry.9% share in the organised market and was valued at Rs 77. the influx of international brands is inducing the otherwise price-conscious customers to shell out more bucks for their favourite brands. Nike. partywear. The Indian footwear market is moving at a brisk pace presently to cater to the domestic demand. Koutons Junior and Charlie Outlaw. Its footwear offerings are mostly in the trainers and sneakers . Puma et al. Moreover. Koutons has also launched its brand Les femme for women & Koutons Junior for kids.1% share in the total retail market and was valued at Rs 160 billion while it had a 9. Les Femme.5 billion. Few renowned brand of Koutons are: Koutons men’s wear. footwear and fitness equipment and products. The changes in consumer behaviour and attitudes reflected in the increasing demand for newer styles and different types of footwear. formal and casual segment but the casual segment dominates the Indian footwear market with a 75% share. Branded sports wear is also growing at a faster rate than the other segments and the key players in this segment are Adidas. In the same year the organised footwear market recorded a fantastic growth of 49% over 2006 while the overall retail market grew by just 16.

Due to the salary hikes and rise in the double-income households. Khadim‟s markets its own products besides few others and specialises in women‟s and children‟s footwear. Khadim‟s: Khadim‟s forayed into footwear retailing in 1993 and is one of the most renowned retailers in east India. home accessories and furnishings.4% share in the organised retail. Ambassador. and plastic footwear. Godrej & Boyce Manufacturing Company Ltd launched a new retail division. Few home and office improvement retailers Godrej Lifespace: On Apr 1. the lifestyle needs of the young and flourishing India are surging and consequently. In the same year the segment had a 6. Home and office improvement In 2007. Presently the segment is growing at an impressive rate. The division was established to present a . Bata: Bata India is one of the most well-known and largest footwear retailers in India. Marie Claire besides dealing in international brands like Dr Scholl and Hush Puppies. leather. The retailer has a presence in multi-brand outlets (MBOs) across the country in addition to its own exclusive outlets. canvas. Reebok recently has introduced its new lifestyle vertical Reebok Classic. Power. has added to the segment‟s boom. It markets footwear under the brand names of North Star. The concomitant rise in investments in furniture. The retailer manufactures and markets different types of footwear that includes rubber. Home and office improvement is another important segment of the organised retail as people have started spending more on discretionary items. consumers are going for renovation of their homes.segment. the home and office-related retail segment was valued at Rs 455 billion in the total retail market while it was valued at Rs 50 billion in the organised retail market. Bata has a strong distribution network structure of wholesalers and distributors. 2003.

The first eZone store was launched in 2006 in Indore and was followed with a second one in Bangalore. Furniture Bazaar. Home Town and e-zone. eZone offers a range of personal products like computers. bath accessories. the US. laptops. Electronics Bazaar. The lifestyle category has seen higher growth in India on the back of changing consumer preferences and a consumption boom. furniture. the electronics segment had a 4% share in the total retail segment and was valued at Rs 575 billion while it had a 9. The format is designed as a one-stop destination that offers a complete range in consumer electronics. draperies and health equipment. Later in 2005. Electronics In 2007. handy cams. the showrooms were branded as Godrej Lifespace Stores. a subsidiary company of Pantaloon Retail. one each in concept in retailing by displaying and selling under one roof the Godrej range of home and office furniture. furniture and other home products. Few electronic retailers eZone: eZone is an electronics specialty retail format from HSRIL by Kishore Biyani-led Future Group. The electronics market has seen a proliferation of brands and product categories in recent years. Europe and China have been launched in India and have been trying to build a pan-India dealer network. Korea.1% share in the organised electronic retail segment valued at Rs 71 billion. HSRIL operates five retail formats: Collection-i. Bangalore and New Delhi. Home Town: Home Solution Retail (India) Ltd (HSRIL). Home Stop currently operates three Home Stop stores. appliances. Home Stop: Home Stop is one of the premium home improvement stores that offers a wide range of merchandise. security equipment and locks. . All international brands from Japan. is designed to cater to the home furnishing and improvement market. It stocks various national and international brands that cover all the home needs like home décor.

religious festivals. Viveks grew from three stores in 1995 to more than 35 stores as on Dec 2008.MP3 players and mobile phones. set foot in India. The catering services market is divided into fast food. and stereosystems. Viveks Ltd is a public limited company that runs two retail brands – Viveks and Jainsons. among other kitchen appliances. cafes and restaurants and others. The key growth drivers of the segment in India are: the changes in Indian demographics. India is a buoyant market for this segment with over a billion people with different food habits.7% over the previous year. Viveks has recently absorbed Spencer‟s into the Premier brand. Later on in 2001 two stores of Premier and in 2002 Spencers Super Store were purchased. Today Viveks is one of the largest consumer electronics and home appliances retail chains in India. After taking into account the vegetarian population of India. In recent times many international food chains have entered India. young working population. fast-paced. rise in double-income household etc. air conditioners. Pizza Hut entered India in 1996 . nuclear families. Each region has its own traditional food. The store was transformed into a public company from a family-run company when 14 stores of Jainsons were bought over in 1999. the catering service in organised retail showed a tremendous growth of 44. which mainly serves chicken products. home theatre systems. dietary habits and its own food specialities. Viveks: In 1965. B A Lakshmi Narayana Setty founded Vivek‟s in a 200square-feet-shop in Chennai. KFC recently modified its menu and launched a vegetarian fare. entertainment products like plasma/LCD. It was valued at Rs 713 billion in the total retail market and at Rs 57 billion in the organised retail market. flat TVs. which has made this segment more dynamic and its growth. Catering services In 2007. In 1995. DVD players. home products like refrigerators. KFC. and various regions. washing machines and microwave ovens. which now constitutes 40% of the product categories. Few catering service retailers Yum! Restaurants: Yum! Restaurants is present in India through its brands Pizza Hut and KFC.

mobile connections and recharges. Telecom In 2008 the telecom market in India was worth Rs 272 billion and had a 1.000 acres of estates and is the second-largest coffee shop in Asia. lounge cafes. handset repairs.4% share in the organised retail segment and was valued at Rs 27 billion. book cafes. It has ventured into formats such as music cafes. The Indian telecom sector emerged as the second-largest wireless network in the world after China with the recent spate in number of wireless subscribers. The mobile and accessories segment exhibited tremendous growth in 2007. highway cafes. The shop had more than 1. It‟s a one-stop mobile solution shop that offers telecom products like mobiles.and as on Dec 2008. in a world-class shopping ambience. accessories. Few telecom retailers The Mobile Store: The Mobile Store. Café Coffee Day sources coffee from 5. promoted by the Essar Group. garden cafes and cyber cafes. Hardcastle Restaurants Pvt Ltd owns and operates McDonald‟s restaurants in West India while Connaught Plaza Restaurants Pvt Ltd owns and operates these food outlets in the North. music and gaming devices and DTH. mobile bill payments. all under one roof. Café Coffee Day: Café Coffee Day is a division of India‟s largest coffee conglomerate Amalgamated Bean Coffee Trading Company. MobileNXT: Bangalore-based MobileNXT Teleservices Pvt Ltd has a panIndia presence and operates in the following three major retail formats: . respectively. handset exchange.300 stores spread across 200 cities as on Dec 2008. McDonald‟s: McDonald‟s is a 50:50 joint venture partnership in India between McDonald‟s Corporation (USA) and two Indian businessmen. there were 147 Pizza Hut and 45 KFC stores across 35 and 14 cities. is one of the country‟s largest mobile retailers.8% share in the total retail market while it had a 3.

5% share and was valued at Rs 488 billion in the total retail in their outlets across the country. As on Dec 2008. Apollo was operating at over 890 outlets across the country. or refer them to an Apollo Clinic nearby. however. Mega Mart. Few pharmaceutical retailers Apollo Pharmacy: In 1983. The retailer also took initiatives to provide medicines to the rural regions by tying up with ITC‟s e-choupal and Godrej Aadhaar. Star Bazaar. the company was operating more than 36 stores that were spread across major cities in India. MedPlus: In 2006. As on Dec 2008. and enterprise stores. Apollo Pharmacy. The company has established a large number of pharmacy outlets chain across major cities in various states of the country. and are majority of those are spread across four southern states. Apollo has also started expanding through the franchise route. This store is eyeing a pan-India network and hence has initiated a tie-up with Shoppers Stop.standalone stores. store-within-a-store. its share in the organised retail market accounted for merely 2. Pharmaceuticals In 2007. entered retailing by opening up its first store in Chennai. for setting up storewithina. the pharmaceuticals market had a 3. where the nurses are available to attend the patients at their houses. It has over 600 pharmacy outlets spread across 63 cities/ towns in the country. a division of Apollo Hospital Enterprise Ltd. at its pharmacy outlets. . The organised pharmaceutical retailer is known to implement innovative concepts and global standards to provide customers with an experience that is completely different from what an unorganised retailer offers. NurseStation. and Landmark stores.0% share at Rs 15. It has recently launched a new concept.4 billion during the same period. MedPlus Health Services Private Ltd was incorporated in Hyderabad to cater into the health care segment.

The stores offer an entire range of Himalaya drugs from pharmaceuticals. to baby care and animal healthcare products at competitive prices. Reliance Retail Ltd. cuts and polishes the rough diamonds and exports the diamonds to its . Few jewellery retailers Gitanjali: Gitanjali Gems Ltd (GGL) is one of the largest. integrated diamond and jewellery manufacturer and retailer in India. personal care.9% share at Rs 23 billion. owned by Mukesh Ambani. the segment showed tremendous growth due to the rise in service sector employment. healthcare.Beauty and wellness In 2007. In the same year jewellery retail in the organised retail market recorded high growth of 36. Himalaya has also launched its online shopping website to make all its products conveniently available to its customers 24/7 and to reach a wider market. entered the beauty and wellness segment by opening its first store at Hyderabad. jewellery retail merely had a 2. personal care. trained personnel and a quality shopping experience in their stores.9% over 2006 as compared with 15. In the organised retail market. where its stores are not present.3% recorded in the total retail market. This store offers a wide range of products under the health foods. The company emphasises on service. Himalaya Drugs: The Himalaya Drug Company operates both exclusive retail outlet formats and shop-within-a-shop outlets. Its share in the total retail market. and pharmaceuticals categories. the beauty and wellness segment grew at a tremendous rate of 65% over the previous year in the organised retail market. In the organised market. was just 0. jewellery retail was worth Rs 694 billion and accounted for 5% of the total retail market. Few beauty and wellness retailers Reliance Wellness: In Oct 2007. It sources rough diamonds from primary and secondary source suppliers in the international market. however.3% and was valued at Rs 46 billion. Jewellery In 2007.

Gold Expressions. GGL sells diamonds and other jewellery through retail operations in India as well as in international markets. Nakshatra. Sangini. Collection G. Few timewear retailers Citizen: Citizen has 38 exclusive outlets in 27 cities across India. As on Dec 2008. Reliance Jewels: Reliance Retail Ltd entered jewellery retailing by opening its first store in Bangalore. Omega.promoted by the TATA Group entered jewellery retailing through Tanishq. Asmi.9% share in the overall organised retail market as compared with merely 0. D‟Damas. located at Hosur. International players like Tag Huer. The company aims to make Reliance Jewels a one-stop destination that offers consumers a wide range of gold and diamond jewellery. Its factory.000 square feet and is equipped with all modern machinery and latest equipment. The Exclusive Branded Outlets (EBOs) called First Citizen house the latest international range of Citizen Watches and display over 800 different watches. Giantti. there were 115 Tanishq stores spread across major cities in India. Rado. The size of this market has expanded due to the changes in consumer preference and the growing market for international watches in India. Tamil Nadu. Shoppers Stop and more than 250 Citizen Corners (MBOs) across the country. Timewear In 2007. . The market size of the watch market was valued at Rs 44 billion in the same year. is spread across 135. Tanishq: In mid-1990s Titan Industries Ltd . Tanishq has set up production and sourcing bases by researching the jewellery crafts of India. Besides. the Indian watches market enjoyed a 2.3% in the total retail market. Vivah Gold & Kiah. Citizen Watches are also available at Lifestyle. Its brand extensions include Gili. Rolex have even signed up Indian celebrities as brand ambassadors to tap the market.

Flip. Organised retailers like Planet M. Its other services include gift vouchers. a prominent gift retailer. As a result. fax-abook and email-a-book facilities offered by the company. music and gift retailing were the earliest segments that witnessed a consolidation of business into organised formats. Jaipur and Hyderabad. stationery and toys apart from books. the segment has been growing further. . Ahmedabad. which is available in Titan and exclusive Sonata stores. Oxford. Crossword: Crossword was established in Oct 1992.Titan: Titan is one of the largest manufacturers of watches in India. Sonata. Kolkata. CD ROMs. is India‟s leading bookstore chain and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Shoppers Stop Ltd. has a presence on both high streets as well as in malls. there were 245 exclusive Titan showrooms (World of Titan) across 122 Indian cities in India. Regalia. The books and publishing business continues to thrive due to greater literacy levels and rapidly growing middle class and higher middle class population. Chennai. Crossword provides customers with cafes. Archies. Nagpur. music and gifts Books. Moreover. English-speaking middle-class population. Raga. The company sells books and other products under the Crossword brand. Fastrack. exchange & refunds policy being followed by the company. new format chains like Crossword. and now. and offer an ambience conducive to browsing and book buying. The combined share of this segment was 1. Music World. Crossword bookstores are presently located in Mumbai. New Delhi. music. As on Dec 2008.1% of the total retail market at Rs 164 billion in 2007. Crossword customers can also shop for books using dial-a-book. Odyssey. Steel. apart from the return. that fit into the leisure aspirations of people. reading tables and cloak facilities at each of its outlets. Books. Vadodara. and Landmark dominated the music segment. Edge. Landmark. Pune. Crossword sells a wide variety of products like magazines. Nebula. It offers product ranges that include the flagship brand Titan. are located conveniently. Bengaluru.

Supermarkets: The average size of supermarkets range from 10.Entertainment In 2007.000 square feet. . Subhiksha and Reliance Fresh are some major players in this format.2% share in the total retail industry. Hypermarkets are mammoth outlets that are fewer in number but cater to a larger area (3-5 kilometre). and also the location. Food Bazaar and Spinach are some major players in this format. They are a smaller version of hypermarkets that holds multiple lines of merchandise but is limited in number when compared with supermarkets. gaming. but cater to a smaller area (1-2 kilometer). Overview of formats/channels The Indian retail industry is categorised into different retail formats on the basis of the retail operation. RPG Spencer‟s and Shoprite Hyper are some major players in this format. the entertainment segment was worth Rs 456 billion and had a 3. Supermarkets are spread across the city. the pricing strategy followed. Inox are the major players in the entertainment retailing space. The stores are basically small in size (500-3. Players in the segment are likely to gain greater market share as the consumer spend on entertainment is increasing.000 square feet). the type of merchandise sold. Big Bazaar. This segment has been driven by the increasing base of young population in India. Convenience stores: Convenience stores offer easy purchase experience through easily accessible store locations. PVR cinemas. and they stock multiple lines of products such as food and grocery. whose entertainment needs has been surging with the influx of malls and multiplexes that provide leisure retail. and cinema. HyperCITY. Foodworld.000 square feet. general merchandise. The formats are basically defined on the basis of the size of the outlet. are greater in number.000-120. Fun Cinemas.00030. which allows quick shopping and fast checkouts. and apparels. sports goods. Given below is a list of formats on the basis of the above-mentioned characteristics: Hypermarkets: Hypermarkets are big-box formats with an average size that ranges between 60.

000 square feet to 300. the consumers have to buy a minimum volume of products or value specified by the cash-and-carry retailer. Wal-mart‟s alliance with Bharti and Tesco‟s with Trent will also come under the cash-and-carry format. This stores‟ size ranges from 100. Discount stores: The focus of these stores is to offer merchandise at a price that is lower than the market price. At present.Cash-and-carry outlets: Cash-and-carry outlet is strictly not a retail format. and to gain profit from volumes. In this format the buyers are basically small retailers or catering service providers who purchase in bulk quantities. These .000 square feet. In a retail business usually a consumer has to purchase one or more products but under this format. Metro is a major player that falls under this format. but considering the business dynamics it follows it can qualify for a retail format.

In 2005. Big Bazaar and Subhiksha are some famous examples.9% share in the total India retail trade. These stores offer high quality service to consumers. The Indian . the middle class is expected to constitute around 25% of total households and account for 44% of the total disposable income.stores keep merchandise mainly on the basis of its saleability. Specialty stores: These stores usually „specialise‟ in one line/category of merchandise. Notable examples are Shoppers Stop. As these stores are concerned with only one type of merchandise. and by 2025. organised retailing has been growing at a robust rate due to rise in the number of shopping malls as well as in the number of organised retail formats. Growth Drivers Currently. in recent years. Usually these are no-frill stores with simple surroundings and less service. By 2015. The key factors of growth of organised retail in modern India are discussed in the following pages.4% of total households in India but accounted for 20% of the disposable income. Department stores: These stores are typically lifestyle stores where most of the merchandise constitutes apparels and products other than food and grocery. Rising disposable income of Indian middle-class The Indian middle-class can be categorised into seekers and strivers. However. organised retail is in a nascent stage of growth in India as it just has a 5. which is the consuming class and the prime target segment for retailers in India. These stores stock lesser merchandise than other formats since the merchandise is stored in a presentable manner. these two categories together constituted around 6. they are able to offer a wider range of products at a lower price. Examples: Next and Vijay Sales. the respective figures are likely to go up to 46% and 58%.

Due to the increasing use of IT and telecom. which is the lowest as compared with other countries. Increase in working population India is the second-largest country in the world in terms of population. and 53% in Russia.6% in the UK. It is expected that over 53% of the population will be under the age of 30 by 2020. which means that the potential for the Indian retail segment will be enormous. is expected to receive a boost because of the young population by 2020. Changing demographics India is one of the youngest and largest consumer markets in the world with a median age of around 25 years. Consumers will continue to drive the growth in the organised retail by expanding the market and compelling retailers to widen their offerings in terms of brands and in terms of variety. Indian consumers have become aware of brands and shops for lifestyle and value brands according to the need and occasion. which thrives on lifestyle products. Changing consumer preferences and shopping habits The prime reason for a paradigm shift in the shopping attitude of the Indian consumer is the change in their preferences and tastes. India‟s median age would be 28 by 2020. the increase in the number of working women has fuelled the growth in sales of discretionary . In 2008 India‟s working population (in the 15-49 years age group) constituted around 53% of the population as compared with 48. 49% in the US. Further. Thus. and is the largestconsumer markets in the world owing to its favourable demographics. the organised retailing. Another plus about this population is that they will be more dynamic than the previous generations because their consumption is driven by wants rather than needs.middle-class population and their growing disposable income levels will drive the future growth of organised retail in India6. According to estimates.

This puts the rural market at roughly 720 million customers. UNTAPPED RURAL MARKET IN INDIA Indian rural market offers a sea of opportunity for retail sector. There has been a 20% increase in the number of working women in the last decade OPPORTUNITIES IN INDIAN RETAILING IN 21ST CENTURY 1. 12. „Expanding opportunities for global retailers released by A. According to the Retail report. The urbanrural split in consumer spending stands at 9:11 with rural India accounting for 55% of private retail consumption. India is the second fastest growing economies in the world. Rural households form 72% of the total households. From the above figures we can conclude that India is definitely a country for healthy investments and provides better opportunities for retailing. Kearney. YOUNG AND TALENTED POPULATION AND WORKING WOMEN CLASS: Increase in young and talented population and also the working women class have created high disposable incomes that lead to higher consumption and thus opened the doors for more opportunities for retailers . means that opportunity in India remains immense.T. India topped the list of emerging markets for retail investment for three consecutive years. India is rated among top 10 FDI destinations. with 5%of sales through organized retail. INDIA-„A VIBRANT ECONOMY‟ Indian retail market is expected to be worth about US $410 billion. the third largest economy in terms of GDP and fourth largest in PPP.2% of the world‟s consumers live in India. 2010‟ Indian retailing is estimated to grow rapidly up to US $535 billion by 2013 with 10% coming from organized retail. 3. a CAGR of 12% (India knowledge@wharton.items. 2. 2011) So the retailers can exploit the opportunities and tap the Indian rural market with focused attention and strategies. “According to Singh. Total income in rural India about 43% of the total income is expected to increase from around US $220 billion in 2004-2005 to US $425 billion by 2010-2011.

5. 2006). Considerable research has been directed towards retail attributes in western countries however limited attention has been paid in Indian retail context (Carpenter & Moore. 2. 6. . Finance minister Pranab mukherjee in his budget speech 2010-11 addressed on the wastages in storage as well as in the operations of the existing food supply chains in the country. So. 4. INTERNET REVOLUTION AND E-TAILING: Internet revolution and E-tailing are allowing global brand to understand Indian customers psyche and influence them even before entering the market. Lack of adequate retail research on India. Shortage of trained manpower. Poor infrastructural facilities.‟SUSTAINABILITY‟ is the biggest challenge in the 21st century whether retailers accept it or not. CHALLENGES IN INDIAN RETAIL SECTOR: 1. the retailers challenge in the 21st century is concentrate on developing a strong back-end support to help to reduce wastages which is estimated to be 40% of nations produce. Due to the wide reach of media even in remote markets. High costs of real estate
 4. consumers awareness on global brands are increasing and providing better opportunities for global retailers in India. Tax structure is also one of the challenges in retailing because it favours small retail business flourish.

promotional offers and discounts. Findings reveal that majority of the customers prefer to purchase from retail outlets on cash payment mode. To compete successfully in this 21st century retailer must focus on . energy and psychic costs involved in shopping from a retail store. Urban Indian consumers are aware of potential environmental impacts and the effect of bio-technology on farming.  Location and customer relationship management are another important factors identified by the customers because they want to reduce the time. The key attributes that act as motivational factors to drive customers to the store. The study provides an insight to test the effect of Indian customers perceptions on retail attributes in the changing business scenario in 21st century. Retailers need to improve their communication related to products.  Findings also indicates that customers are more inclined to the retail store that offer better customer services. This indicates that there are better opportunities for growth in Indian retail sector.CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTIONS: The urban Indian consumer has grown to a large extent from being a price only driven buyer to a more discerning buyer who needs to be convinced about a product's attributes.  This study concludes that originality of the product was given highest preference and Indian customers are more price sensitive and quality conscious. Findings suggest that:   Product attributes has more profound effect on customers than store attributes. the supply chain operations and provide better organized retail experience to meet the requirements of the informed urban Indian buyer who is willing to pay a price premium.

channel retail stores that offer a network of channels and store formats that are more transparent to customers delivering high value. . and services and forming long term relations with customers. ideas. Therefore the future belongs to the multi-cannel retailers which provides all in one roof rather than the single. So the difference between a successful retailer and a failed one would be in   Understanding customers perceptions Speed in reaching customers Updating with latest trends.„customer buying experience‟. Sustainability of the fittest and fastest in the market is the mantra of today‟s game plan.

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