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Impact of Multi-Storey Car Parks

Three types of car parks were investigated. They are Surface Car Park (SCP), stand-alone Multi-Storey Car Park (MSCP) and Integrated Car Park (ICP). The results show that the impacts of the car parks are determined not only by the distance between the residential blocks and the multi-storey car parks but also other influential factors such as the block layout relatively to wind direction, the architectural forms of the housing blocks as well as the window orientation in each units etc. In this study, the results have shown that ICP has overall better natural ventilation performance compared to MSCP and SCP despite the narrow spacing between the surrounding residential blocks and the multi-storey car park. Its proper block layout and window orientation as well as the simple architectural form configuration have contributed significantly in achieving higher ventilation performance of its units.

ICP

MSCP

SCP

Levels/Site rd th W3 /4 floor (low) th 7 floor (middle) th 11 floor (middle) th 15 floor (high) Legend:

Perform the best among the 3. Comparing MSCP and SCP only.

Table 6. 1 Comparison of Natural Ventilation Performance of Residential Blocks of ICP, MSCP and SCP

Car Park Type Surface Park Car

Photo

Wind Tunnel Model

Typical sectional view

Pressure point locations D C


D C B B

A A

Multi-Storey Car Park D C


D C B B

E Integrated Park Car D


D

A A

Figure 6. 1 Characteristics of the three types of car parks

Cp Values of ICP
1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 Cp values 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0 -0.1 -0.2 -0.3 -0.4 D C B Location A F E 1 5 9 13 17 21 25 29 33 37 41 45

North

South

East

West

Figure 6. 2 Cp values of ICP for the four wind directions

48 46 44

Air Change Rates (m3/s)

42 40 38 36 34 32 30 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

Height (Storey)

ICP

MSCP

SCP

Figure 6. 3 Comparison of air change rates for 3 types of car parks