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HEALTH AND SAFETY FOUNDATIONS Introduction Some basic definitions The legal framework for health and safety

The legal system in England and Wales The legal system in Scotland European Courts Sources of law (England and Wales) Common law torts and duties Levels of statutory duty The influence of the European Union (EU) on health and safety The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 Role and function of external agencies Sources of information on health and safety Moral, legal and financial arguments for health and safety management The framework for health and safety management POLICY Introduction Legal requirements Key elements of a health and safety policy Review of health and safety policy ORGANIZING FOR HEALTH AND SAFETY Introduction Control Employers responsibilities Employees responsibilities Organizational health and safety responsibilities Role and functions of health and safety and other advisers Persons in control of premises Self-employed The supply chain Contractors Joint occupation of premises Cooperation with the workforce PROMOTING A POSITIVE HEALTH AND SAFETY CULTURE Introduction

Definition of a health and safety culture Safety culture and safety performance Human factors and their influence on safety performance Human errors and violations The development of a positive health and safety culture Effective communication Health and safety training Internal influences External influences RISK ASSESSMENT Introduction Legal aspects of risk assessment Forms of risk assessment Some definitions The objectives of risk assessment Accident categories Health risks The management of risk assessment The risk assessment process Special cases PRINCIPLES OF CONTROL Introduction Principles of prevention Hierarchy of risk control Controlling health risks Safe systems of work Lone workers Permits to work Emergency procedures First aid at work MONITORING, REVIEW AND AUDIT Introduction The traditional approach to measuring health and safety performance Why measure performance? What to measure Measuring failure reactive monitoring Active monitoring how to measure performance

Who should monitor performance? Frequency of monitoring and inspections Report writing Review and audit INCIDENT AND ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION AND REPORTING Introduction Reasons for incident/accident investigation Which incidents/accidents should be investigated? Investigations and causes of incidents Legal recording and reporting requirements Internal systems for collecting and analysing incident data Compensation and insurance issues MOVEMENT OF PEOPLE AND VEHICLES HAZARDS AND CONTROL Introduction Hazards to pedestrians Control strategies for pedestrian hazards Hazards in vehicle operations Control strategies for safe vehicle operations The management of vehicle movements Managing occupational road safety MANUAL AND MECHANICAL HANDLING HAZARDS AND CONTROL Introduction Manual handling hazards and injuries Manual handling risk assessments Safety in the use of lifting and moving equipment Types of mechanical handling and lifting equipment Requirements for the statutory examination of lifting equipment WORK EQUIPMENT HAZARDS AND CONTROL Introduction Suitability of work equipment and CE marking Use and maintenance of equipment with specific risks Information, instruction and training Maintenance and inspection Operation and working environment User responsibilities

Hand-held tools Mechanical machinery hazards Mobile work equipment Non-mechanical machinery hazards Examples of machinery hazards Practical safeguards Other safety devices Application of safeguards to the range of machines Guard construction ELECTRICAL HAZARDS AND CONTROL Introduction Principles of electricity and some definitions Electrical hazards and injuries General control measures for electrical hazards The selection and suitability of equipment Inspection and maintenance strategies Portable electrical appliances testing FIRE HAZARDS AND CONTROL Introduction The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2004 (RRFSO) Requirements Basic principles of fi re Methods of extinction Classification of fire Principles of heat transmission and fi re spread Common causes of fire and consequences Fire risk assessment Dangerous substances Fire detection and warning Means of escape in case of fire Principles of fire protection in buildings Provision of fire-fighting equipment Maintenance and testing of fire-fighting equipment Planning for an emergency and training staff Fire procedures and people with a disability CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL HEALTH HAZARDS AND CONTROL Introduction Forms of chemical agent

Forms of biological agent Classification of hazardous substances and their associated health risks Routes of entry to the human body Health hazards of specific agents Requirements of the COSHH Regulations Details of a COSHH assessment The control measures required under the COSHH Regulations Health surveillance and personal hygiene Maintenance and emergency controls The transport of hazardous substances by road An illustrative example using COSHH controls Environmental considerations PHYSICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH HAZARDS AND CONTROL Introduction Task and workstation design Welfare and work environment issues Noise Heat and radiation hazards The causes and prevention of workplace stress Causes and prevention of workplace violence The effects of alcohol and drugs CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES HAZARDS AND CONTROL Introduction The scope of construction Construction hazards and controls The management of construction activities Working above ground level or where there is a risk of falling Excavations