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and technology, jodhpur (rajasthan) Contect no:- 9783608688
Due to Lack of knowledge regarding the toxic effects of synthetic compound in mosquito repellents,synthetic mosquito repellents are widely used. The prolong use of synthetic mosquito repellents shows many side effects like neurotoxic hazards, immunotoxic hazards, skin allergy, seizures, eye irritation, insomnia, impaired congnitive function, cough, sneezing, headache, asthma, bronchial irritation, itching,ear, nose and throat pain, dermatitis, reproductive dysfunction, development impairment and cancer,death. Synthetic mosquito repellents contains very toxic compounds such as DEET, picaridin, permethrin, P‐Menthane‐3, 8‐
diol (PMD) etc. Tulsi. mosquito. The efforts are made to study the traditional beliefs from scientific approach. etc along with other natural ingredients. Vekhand. raal. ajowan 3 . Raal. These draw backs created a pathway for herbal mosquito repellents coil. neem. repellent. The main aim of this product development is to provide employment to the rural youth and to promote the use of herbal mosquito repellent coil as complete safe alternate of chemical repellents.natural. Ajowan. Keywords. Large numbers of herbal drugs are used in these mosquito repellents like Neem.
The result is an itchy raised 4 . They work by acting as an irritant when mosquitoes come in contact.INTRODUCTION Keep mosquitoes at bay with of safe and highly effective herbal mosquito repellents. which repel mosquitoes and other household insects. These natural mosquito repellents are derived exclusively from herbal extracts and natural oils. A mosquito is a two-winged insect whose females suck the blood of humans and animals by piercing their skin.
Disease cause by mosquito Mosquitoes are a vector agent that carries diseasecausing viruses and parasites from person to person without catching the disease themselves. The 5 . Although the bite itself is not dangerous.bump. yellow fever. which can have deadly consequences. referred to as a mosquito bite.a totally safe herbal preparation with pleasing fragrance. The herbal mosquito repellents are non-toxic and ecofriendly . Rift Valley fever and the West Nile virus. such as malaria. dengue fever. mosquitoes can carry and pass along diseases.
transmitted mostly by the Aedes aegypti. The prolong use of synthetic mosquito repellents shows many side effects like neurotoxic hazards. and malaria carried by the genus Anopheles. dengue fever and Chikungunya. skin allergy.principal mosquito borne diseases are the viral diseases yellow fever. immunotoxic hazards. 6 . seizures. NEED OF NATURAL REPELLENT COIL In India synthetic mosquito repellent coil are widely used.
death of brain cells. nose and throat pain. bronchial irritation.eye irritation. itching. sneezing. development impairment and cancer. insomnia. ear. cough. headache. reproductive dysfunction. dermatitis. . asthma. impaired congnitive function. Table 1: Chemical producing toxicity in synthetic coil S.NO CHEMICAL 1 DEET 7 TOXICITY CAUSED neurological damage.
2 3 Permithrin P-MENTHANE3. Asthma neurological damage. Ear. swelling and genetic damage headache liver tumors and liver necrosis. 4 5 Metofluthrin Picaridin Table 2: survey on health risks of commonly used repellents 8 . nose and throat pain.8-DIOL Breathing problem chronic memory dysfunction and motor deficits. eye irritation Kidney lesions as well as skin redness.
304 *Giddiness. allergy.43 and sneezing Headache 19 1. Of the total 1109 persons 9 .06 Cough. cold 27 2.71 Asthma 28 2.COMPLAINT NUMBER OF PEOPLE AFFECTED OUT OF 1109 PERSONS INTERVIEWED % PEOPLE AFFECTED Breathing 56 5. Note: A variety of repellents were used routinely to protect from mosquito nuisance.71 Total 203 18. nausea. etc.54 Ear.63 irritation Itching 06 0.63 throat pain Others* 19 1. vomiting. nose and 07 0.52 Bronchial 07 0.04 problem Eye irritation 34 3.
In the view of above scenario a process technology to produce an alternative. non-toxic. ecofriendly natural mosquito repellent is required. It do not have any adverse health effects. They are better replacement of synthetic chemical based coil by natural ingredients which are safe and ecofriendly. 10 . b. safe. Benefits of natural mosquito repellent coil a. Finally synthetic mosquito repellent is replaced by natural mosquito repellent.
It can be prepared under eco-friendly processing without disturbing eco-system but synthetic will not be produced.c. Its use does not cause any health hazards and disturb our eco-system INDIAN SCENARIO 11 . OBJECTIVE To promote the use of natural mosquito coil as a alternative of synthetic coil.
FORMULATION PROSPECTIVE Following ingredients are involved: 12 . Marketing of repellents in India is well organized.The current Indian market for various repellents is in the range of Rs 500–600 crores (US $ 12–15 million) with annual growth of 7 to 10%. This increase in growth rate is the result of constant environmental degradation. leading to the creation of mosquitobreeding grounds and also the fact that people’s capacity to buy repellents is increasing steadily. so that many brands can be found throughout the Country.
A. Active ingredient B. Natural base/diluents D. Fragrance E. Smouldering agent Active ingredient: • • • • • • • Neem Tulsi Ajowan Peppermint oil Lemon grass oil Castor oil Clove oil 13 . Binding agent C.
Binding agent • • maida guggullu Natural base/fillers • • Cow duct Coal powder Fragrance • • • • Peppermint oil Clove oil Castor oil Lemon grass oil Smouldering agent 14 .
N PLANT FAMILY COMMO PART N N A M 15 . TABLE 3: Plant used for mosquito repellent S.• • • Raal Rice powder guggullu .
E 1 Ocimum sa nct um Azadiracht a in di ca Rosemarin us off ici nal is Tagetes lac er a Cymbopog on cit lamiaceae Tulsi Leave 2 Meliacea Neem e Leave 3 lamiaceae Rosemar Leave y 4 Asterace Marigold Flowe a s e Poaceae Lemon G r 16 5 Whole .
M o s q u i t o P 17 .rat es 6 Nepeta cat ari a Monarda fis tul os a Lamiace Catnip a e Menthace Horse s e a s s Whole 7 Flowe M i n t .
Whole . 11 Theaceae Tea Leave 12 Lauracea 18 Karpoor.l a n t 8 Allium sat iv um Cymbopog on na rd us Syzygium ar om ati cu m Camellia sin en sis Cinnamom Alliaceae Garlic Bulb 9 Graminea Citronell Leave e a 10 Myrtace Clove a e . Oil.
oc a g ci e u de m nt ali t s r e e s Lavandula Lamiace Lavender Leave sto a ec e ha s 19 .13 14 u e k m a ca f m u ph r or a Eucalyptus Myrtace Safeda. Oil.
PRODUCTION METHODOLOGY Selection of drug Material: First of all Herbal drugs are selected on the basis of their Pharmacological properties and Easy availability. 20 .
Jodhpur Pharmacy College and Marwar college of Pharmacy at Jodhpur Rajasthan. Formulation of natural mosquito repellent coil: for preparation of mosquito repellent coil all required ingredient are mixed in base according to their proportion.Collection of crude drug: The crude drugs are collected from medicinal garden of lachoo Memorial College of science and technology.NO INGREDIENTS 21 Amount used . Table 4: Optimum composition of raw material S.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 TULSI NEEM SAFEDA.4% 0.5% 06% 10. AJOWAN VEGETABLE GHEE LEMON GRASS OIL MAIDA GARLIC GUGGULU RAAL COW DUNG 06 % 09% 07% 3.5% 04% 4.S to 100% RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 22 .3 % Q.9% 7.
The preparation was evaluated for different parameters like repellent time. aesthetic and medicinal properties.the present product is a source of employment generation in rural India. irritation. 23 .The natural mosquito repellent coil is an excellent option to replace synthetic coil. CONCLUSION This product is not only mosquito repellent but also hygienic. quantity of ash. At last we can say that application of natural mosquito repellent coil do not cause any health hazards as with the synthetic ones.
health hazards of mosquito accessed on repellent and safe alternatives.BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. Sharma V. New Delhi.com/about_6546277_natur al-mosquito-repellentplant. http://www. Pullaiah T. 2. 2001. Medicinal plants in India. by regency publication. 24 .P. 341-345 3. 2 vol. 2002.html#ixzz1CmiNAhxn may 2010.ehow.
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