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hindustantimes.com

New Delhi / METRO Vol. LXXXVI No. 234

R 3.00

FRIDAY, OCTOBER 01, 2010


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Disputed site is Ram birthplace: HC


theayodhya verdict

EQUAL SHARE Area will be NEXT BATTLE Both Muslims divided equally among three key and Hindus will appeal against litigants: two Hindu, one Muslim the verdict in Supreme Court
WHO GETS WHAT
The high court has divided the disputed structure between three rival parties.
area below the central dome goes to Ram Lalla. Ram Chabutara, Sita ki Rasoi and Bhandar go to Nirmohi Akhara. The rest of the property will be divided among Sunni Central Wakf Board, Ram Lalla and Nirmohi Akhara so that each gets a third of the total area
The

STATUS QUO Enforced for three months to enable peaceful measurement & division of area
DECONSTRUCTING THE VERDICT
What is the gist of the judgment?
favour of three of these organisations, two of which happen to represent Hindus.

RESPONSES

The Babri Masjid was demolished by the kar sevaks on December 6, 1992.

Ram Chabutara

Sita ki Rasoi Bhandar Singh Dwar

The disputed site will be divided equally between Ram Lalla (the deity), Nirmohi Akhara and Sunni Central Wakf Board. Ram Lalla gets to keep the land where he is seated at present in the makeshift temple.

Is the judgment based on evidence or faith?


It is based on both.

There were 28 parties, including Sunni Central Wakf Board, Nirmohi Akhara, Hindu Mahasabha and Ram Lalla Virajman.

Who were the parties to the suit?

Was there an ancient Ram Temple at the site?

HCs formula of one-third land is not acceptable to the Wakf Board and it will appeal against it in the Supreme Court.
Sunni Wakf Board lawyer
Z A FA R YA B J I L A N I ,

The court has held that there was a temple in ancient times.

Who was holding prayers at the disputed site?


The court has held that both Hindus and Muslims offered prayers at the disputed site.

Hows Ram Lalla a party?


Saryu river Ram ki paidi
Lakshman kila

A Muslim cleric and a sadhu enjoy each others company in Ayodhya on Thursday. ASHOK DUTTA/HT PHOTO

HT Correspondent

letters@hindustantimes.com

The much awaited Allahabad High Court judgment on Thursday took the first step towards resolving the 60-yearold Babri Masjid-Ram Janmabhoomi ownership dispute by including all the contesting parties in the process. The court gave its stamp of judicial approval to the Hindu belief that Lord Ram was indeed born at the disputed spot. It also ruled by a majority verdict that the disputed 120 feet by 90 feet area should be divided into three equal parts among three petitioners the Sunni Central Wakf Board, the Nirmohi Akhara and the party representing the deity, Ram Lalla. This means that even after dismissing the cases, the court has kept a window open for furLUCKNOW:

ther talks. That the judgment is inclusive has been reflected in the reactions of political opponents. There was political acceptance of the verdict by all mainstream parties. Muslim leaders, however, made it clear their next stop was the Supreme Court even as they called the judgment a step forward. Congress spokesman Janardhan Dwivedi said: The court has given the verdict. We should all welcome it. Justice D.V. Sharma, one of the three judges on the bench, gave a separate ruling that said the disputed site was indeed the birthplace of Lord Ram and the mosque was built by Mughal emperor Babar against the tenets of Islam. Thus, it cannot have the character of a mosque, he said in his order.
CONTINUED ON PAGE 16

According to Hindu Law, an idol is a juristic entity, meaning it has all the legal rights of an independent entity.

RamjanmabhoomiBabri Masjid site ASI excavation site beneath the disputed structure.
Hanuman garhi

UTTAR PRADESH

Temporary structure, which hosts the Ram Lalla idol. This spot is where the central dome existed.
HT GRAPHICS: TRINANKUR

Dashrath mandir

AYODHYA
INDIA

Hindus and Muslims, as such, were not parties to the suit. Muslim and Hindu organisations were the parties. Based on legal and archaeological evidence, the court has ruled in

How did Hindus get two-thirds of the site?

The High Court has ordered status quo for the next three months. Within this period, the matter is likely to reach the Supreme Court, as the Sunni Central Wakf Board has said it will challenge the verdict.
(SUPREME COURT ADVOCATE SAURABH KIRPAL INTERPRETED THE VERDICT FOR HT)

What next?

The majority ruled that the location of the makeshift temple is the birthplace of Ram, and this spot cannot be shifted.
R AV I S H A N K A R P R A S A D , Lawyer for one of the groups

Artists impression. Not to scale.

WHAT NEXT? TWO OPTIONS EXIST


LUCKNOW:

The high court verdict is in but the battle isnt over. The litigants can now go two ways: move the apex court or amicably work out the demarcation of the disputed premises, as directed by the court. The second option would require some sincere political intervention. >> P10

FRESH START FOR VERDICT SETS INTEGRATION: BJP WEB ON FIRE


NEW DELHI:

The BJP and the Sangh Parivar welcomed the Ayodhya verdict and appealed to Muslims to accept it too. Senior BJP leader L.K. Advani said the high court ruling was a harbinger of a fresh chapter for national integration and a new era for intercommunity relations. >> P12

NEW DELHI: The Ayodhya verdict

ONLY SOLDIERS ON AYODHYA STREETS


AYODHYA:

inside
>> OUT OF GAMES DUTY, P4 >> TAKING IT IN STRIDE, P10 >> LIBERHAN VIEW, P10 >> MUSLIMS UPSET, P11 >> EXPERTS SPLIT, P11 >> ROLES THEY PLAYED, P11 >> FAITH IN THE LAW, P14 ON PAGES 12-13: >> JD-U UNNERVED, P13 >> CONGRESS WAITS, P13 >> MULAYAM WARY, P13

set cyber cafes and chat rooms across the world buzzing as it became the most talked about, tweeted and searched topic on Thursday. On Google Trends Hot Searches, eight of the top 10 searches in India were linked to the subject while it was number eight on the US list. >> P10

Children walked to school, shops were open, it was business as usual in Ayodhya. But that was before the verdict. By 4 p.m., shops and markets had closed and most of the city folk were at home, glued to their television sets. Out on the streets, only security forces could be seen marching. >> P11

The judgment is not a win or loss for anybody. We invite everybody, including Muslims, to help build the temple.
M O H A N B H A G WAT , RSS chief

short stories

NO END TO GAMES WOES

PEACE PREVAILS, BUT UP REMAINS ON HIGH ALERT


HT Correspondent

Hindustan Times-Cfore Mood of Young India Survey

It's official: 2010 isnt 1992. Our poll shows the vast majority of young people is no longer interested in Ayodhya. Findings:
Ayodhya verdict: What was it all about? a) Who owns the disputed site at Ayodhya 64% b) Who were responsible for the demolition of the Babri Masjid 7% c) Punishing those guilty of demolishing Babri Masjid 6% d) Don't know/Can't say 23% Surprise! More than a third of respondents didn't know what the verdict was about. How important is the Ayodhya verdict to you? a) Very important 23% b) Not so important 41% c) Irrelevant 36% Three-fourths of Young India dont really care.
Figures indicate percentage of respondents voting for each option

NOTHING WILL MANDIR, MASJID: YOUNG DONT CARE CHANGE, STAY CALM, SAYS PM
How important is the building of a mandir or masjid at the disputed site to you? a) Very important 19% b) Not so important 43% c) Irrelevant 38% Less than a fifth are concerned about the issue.

NEW DELHI: Organisers of the

HT Correspondent

Commonwealth Games reportedly made thousands of performers, including schoolchildren rehearse for hours without providing food or water, the artistes alleged. P20
>> FOR MORE ON GAMES, TURN TO PAGES 3, 4, 21

letters@hindustantimes.com

letters@hindustantimes.com

LUCKNOW:

Maoists free four abducted policemen


RAIPUR: The four policemen

kept hostage by Maoists in a remote forest in the border areas of Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh were freed after 11 days in captivity on Thursday night. Dantewada Senior Superintendent of Police S.R.P. Kalluri said, All the policemen will report to my office by midnight. P16

comment

Life after Ayodhya

The final verdict in the Babri Masjid case could take several years. By then, we should have moved on from such sectarian disputes, writes Ramachandra Guha >>P14

The nation took the Ayodhya verdict in its stride, with no violence or tension reported from anywhere. But security forces in all states, particularly Uttar Pradesh, still kept their fingers crossed. Top police officers in Lucknow said the next 24 hours would be crucial. Not taking any chances, security personnel will continue aerial surveys of Ayodhya by helicopters with powerful searchlights on Thursday night and Friday. On Thursday, senior officers stationed at the office of DGP Karamveer Singh were busy processing reports from district police chiefs and issuing last-minute instructions. The conference room in the DGPs office resembled a war room. Our three-dimensional security arrangement by land, air and water is ready to meet any challenge, said Additional Director General (Law and Order) Brij Lal.

NEW DELHI:

You will support a party that a) Promises to build a mandir or masjid at disputed site 9% b) Follows policies that promise economic growth 73% c) Promises both 18% Show me the money, that's what the youth are saying. Do you believe in God/religion? a) Yes 97% b) No 2% c) Don't know/Can't say 1% India's youth is god-fearing but not fundamentalist.

C fore to conduct this survey among young people (18-35 years) across 12 cities (Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Lucknow, Patna, Bhopal, Chandigarh, Guwahati, Ahmedabad) on Thursday, immediately after the Lucknow Bench of the Allahabad High Court had delivered its verdict on the Ayodhya title suit. The pollsters interviewed 1,468 people (48 per cent women) using a structured questionnaire to gauge their response to the Ayodhya dispute. The survey has a 3 per cent margin of error.

METHODOLOGY: Hindustan Times commissioned research organisation

Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on Thursday cautioned people against disruptive elements spreading rumours to create ill will between communities. Singhs appeal to the nation followed his meetings with senior ministers and the Congress core group that reviewed the security situation and the political repercussions of the Ayodhya verdict. The correct conclusion... is that status quo will be maintained until the cases are taken up by the Supreme Court, the Prime Minister said. The high court itself has directed the status quo, as prevailing till date, shall be maintained for three months, he stressed. I know that often it is only a few mischief makers who create divisions in our society, Singh said, urging people to be vigilant against trouble makers whod want to disrupt peace.

DEVOTED TO THE CAUSE

Battle ends, war goes on for Ayodhya veterans


Pankaj Jaiswal

35C LOW 22C


HIGH

weather today
HOTTEST IN INDIA BIKANER 37C COLDEST IN INDIA DARBUK -05C

pjaiswal@hindustantimes.com

FORECAST: Morning will be pleasant. Afternoon will be warm.


India weather report, P 6

TODAY: 46 pages, including 16 pages of HT City. (Areas specific Lives and add-on supplement pages extra).

Allahabad High Court pronounced its verdict in the six-decade-old Ayodhya title suit cases, a 90-year-old Muslim who is hard of hearing, has a wobbly gait and few teeth and an 82year-old Hindu who has kidney problems, is diabetic and has suffered at least one heart attack became the

AYODHYA: Minutes after the

Ansari (L) and Das.

FILE PHOTO

focus of media attention. Mohammad Hashim Ansari, representative of the Sunni Wakf Board, living in a cramped house a kilometre

away from the disputed site, and Mahant Bhaskar Das of the Nirmohi Akhara, who lives 20 km away in Faizabad town, are the two main litigants in the case and have spent several decades fighting for their respective causes. We had said we will respect the courts verdict and we respect it, Ansari said on Thursday. The Babri Masjid Action Committee will decide

further course of action. Das said the verdict had come as a relief. The best part is that Lord Ram (idols) will not be removed from the janmabhoomi, he said. Let the verdict be upheld. Let there be peace. Ansari, who filed the title suit in 1961, has a picture of the Babri Masjid in his room. Das single-room house has idols of Ram.
WITH INPUTS FROM SACHIDANAND SHUKLA

OPINION 8

SINCE INDIA IS PAYING FOR CWG, PRESIDENT SHOULD OPEN IT

NEWS 12

WATCH OUT FOR RISE OF INDIA, CHINA: OBAMA TO AMERICANS

SPORT 15

RNI No. 53466/91, REGD. No. DL (C)-05/1219/2009-2011

INDIA TAKE ON AUSTRALIA IN THE FIRST TEST AT MOHALI


NEW DELHI, FRIDAY OCTOBER 1, 2010; PAGES 16 `2

Established 1864 Published From DELHI LUCKNOW BHOPAL BHUBANESWAR RANCHI CHANDIGARH DEHRADUN
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INNOVATIVE VERDICT
! It is lord Rams birthplace, rules HC quoting ASI ! Gives one-third land to Muslims for mosque

WEATHER
MAX 34.20C (+1) MIN 20.00C (+1)
Clear sky

Majority decision comes after 60 yrs


PIONEER NEWS SERVICE n LUCKNOW

CAPSULE
MAOISTS RELEASE FOUR ABDUCTED POLICEMEN
Raipur: After spending 11 days in Naxal captivity, four abducted policemen were released late on Thursday. They were learnt to have been set free somewhere between the forests of Bijapur and Madder. We will be able to give details only after they return, Dantewada SSP said. P4

ANOTHER BLACKBUCK DIES IN DELHI ZOO

News Delhi: Another blackbuck death was on Thursday reported from the Delhi zoo, taking the toll to 13. The blackbucks are dying due to infection in their intestines caused by the consumption of sewage water. However, the authorities added that there was no possibility of further deaths of animals. P2

BARRING TWO DISTRICTS, VALLEY UNDER CURFEW


Srinagar: Barring Pulwama and Shopian district towns in south Kashmir, curfew was re-imposed in all major towns of the Valley including Srinagar on Thursday.

AUTUMN BREAK FOR CITY SCHOOLS STARTS EARLY

New Delhi: The schools in the national Capital are heading for an early autumn break from Friday as schools will be closed during the Games to make more room for traffic and help the authorities ensure a smooth event. As per a Government directive, the holiday period around Dussehra has been reworked and extended to coincide with the Games. P2

the land among Hindus, Muslims and Nirmohi Akhara was a majority verdict of Justice he makeshift temple of Khan and Justice Agarwal, lord Ram at Ayodhya while Justice Sharma, who was belongs to Hindus and the due to retire, gave a clear rulBabri masjid was an illegal ing favouring the temple. construction, this was the sum With the majority view and substance of a historic prevailing, the judges also judgement delivered by the made it clear that the place Lucknow Bench of Allahabad where the makeshift temple is High Court on Thursday. situated (along with idols) will Considering the sensitivity remain with Hindus where and emotion attached to the dis- they can perform worship puted land, the court came out unhindered. with a balancing order that The Akhara was entitled to ruled that 2.77 acre land com- hold possession of Ram prising the disputed site should Chabutra, Sita Rasoi and be divided into three equal Bhandar while Muslims would parts and be given to Sunni have to settle with the outer Waqf Board, Nirmohi Akhara courtyard area of the 2.7 acre and the party representing Ram disputed territory. This seems Lala Virajman (Ram deity). to be the reason the Sunni Lord Rams makeshift temple, whose ownership the Lucknow Bench of Allahabad High Court has ruled in favour of Hindus, at the disputed site in Ayodhya The majority 2Central Wakf Board 1 verdict of the AYODHYA announced its resolve court, said to be the verVERDICT to challengeSupreme running into nearly dict in the 8,000 pages, comes LAND FOR ALL Court. The HC even after nearly 60 years of tortu- ordered status quo for three ous litigation over who holds months, giving no rights to any n the 28 issues decided by uated. After the construction of ture. Outer courtyard exclusive- ter of mosque. the title to the disputed site. parties to disturb the present the three-judge high court the mosque, Hindus started ly used by Hindus while inner Still, the order may not be the position at the disputed area. Bench, views differed on cer- identifying the disputed area as courtyard used for worship by 4. Whether Muslims used last word and the issue may Justice Khan, who noted tain crucial aspects. It has the exact birthplace. both Hindus and Muslims. mosque prior to 1949 land up in the Supreme Court. that there existed ruins of tem- opened up the possibility of Justice Sudhir Agarwal: Site of DVS: Disputed structure built SUK: Calls it unique and As an anxious nation await- ple at the site where mosque was grounds for an appeal in the disputed structure is place of after demolishing a Hindu absolutely unprecedented that ed the court verdict in the high- constructed, did not agree with Supreme Court. Save for agree- birth of lord Ram as per faith temple, supported by ASI exca- Hindus worshipped in their ly-sensitive issue with lakhs of the contention of Muslims that ing upon that the disputed site and belief of the Hindus. vation report. religious places inside the security personnel deployed in the same was built by Babar or was the birthplace of lord Ram, Justice DV Sharma: Deity is a mosque boundary, with namaz Uttar Pradesh and other sensi- by Mir Baqi. He noted that no the judgement was noteworthy juristic person. The disputed 3. Whether Babar built the (Muslim prayers) being simultive places across the country, temple was demolished for con- for the divergent views main- site is birthplace of Ram. mosque in 1528 AD taneously offered in the the order of Justices SU Khan, structing the mosque but agreed tained by the judges in their SUK: The disputed structure was mosque. Sudhir Agarwal and DV Sharma with the popular belief that the respective decisions. Here are 2. Whether temple or nonconstructed as mosque by or under SA: Namaz last offered in inner became public just before 4.30 disputed site was where lord excerpts from their individual Islamic structure pre-existed orders from Babar. No direct evi- courtyard on Dec 16, 1949. pm amid high drama. Ram was born. views that made the verdict the mosque dence that premises in dispute DVS: Muslims had access to The judges wrote three Justice Agarwal who con- truly historic. SUK: No temple was demol- belonged to Babar or the person inner courtyard but the outer separate judgements, but the curred with Khans view, clearished for constructing the who constructed the mosque. courtyard in exclusive possesmajority verdict held that the ly held the area covered by the 1. Birthplace of lord Ram mosque. Mosque was con- SA: No evidence to prove the sion of Hindus. area covered by the central central dome of the three- Justice SU Khan: For a long structed out of the ruins of tem- building in dispute was built by dome of the three-domed domed structure, i.e., the time, it was treated/believed by ples, which were lying in utter Babar or by Mir Baqi in 1528. 5. Whether idols were placed structure where the idol of Continued on Page 4 Hindus that somewhere in a ruins at the site. DVS: Disputed structure built in the mosque in 1949 lord Rama is presently situatSee Edit: Faith very large area of the disputed SA: Hindus worshipped at the by Babar, year is not certain but SUK: The idol was placed for ed belongs to Hindus. vindicated Ayodhya premises is a small part where place in dispute before con- was built against tenets of the first time beneath the The decision to apportion verdict triumph of law the birthplace of Ram was sit- struction of the disputed struc- Islam, hence bears no characContinued on Page 4

What next? AIMPLB, Sunni Waqf Board plan to move SC


PIONEER NEWS SERVICE n LUCKNOW

final in Theplace inshowdownnow Ayodhya dispute will take the Supreme Court. Disappointed with the high court verdict, Sunni Waqf Board and All India Muslim Personal Law Board on Thursday said they would knock at the apex court's door. But the 90-year-old lone surviving original plaintiff, Mohd Hashim Ansari, welcomed the decision and said he would not go in appeal. Reacting to Thursday's judgement, Wakf Board's advocate Zafaryab Jilani said they were not ready to accept a ruling that was very confusing. Saying he was disappointed, he added that he would challenge the order dividing the land among three parties. However, Jilani clarified that the verdict was not a victory or defeat for any community, but a step towards resolving the vexed issue. The AIMPLB is aggrieved by the verdict. The Muslims parties in the case will appeal against this judgement in the Supreme Court, board's general secretary Mohd Abdul Rahim Quraishi said. The decision to declare that the place where Ram's idol is installed is his birthplace is without any basis in documentary and other evidences, he said. Quraishi also said the Sunni Central Wakf Board of Uttar Pradesh suit's dismissal was meaningless as it was with time limit. Continued on Page 4

Unravelling the HC Bench judgement


O

THUMBS-UP FROM ALL SECTIONS


Cong hails decision, BJP: New chapter in PM sounds caution national integration
NEW DELHI: Striking a cautious note on the HC order, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on Thursday said it needed to be examined carefully while the Congress welcomed the judgement. However, both the PM and the Congress appealed to all sections of society to maintain peace and tranquility. In a statement, Singh asked the people to remain vigilant against mischief-makers. I know that often it is only a few mischiefmakers who create divisions in our society. I would appeal to my countrymen to be vigilant and not let such people succeed in disrupting peace and harmony, he said. On the other hand, Congress general secretary Janardan Dwivedi welcomed the judgement. NEW DELHI: The BJP has reacted cautiously to the Ayodhya title verdict, saying it was a new chapter in national integration and a new era for inter-community relationship. The party described the judgement as a significant step towards construction of a grand Ram temple at Ayodhya. The party's core group, comprising senior central leaders, met here on Thursday to discuss the verdict's ramifications. Leader of Opposition in the Rajya Sabha Arun Jaitley briefed the core group about its salient points. In so far as the judgement upholds the right of Hindus to construct a temple at the garbh-grih, it is a significant step towards the construction of a grand temple at the birthplace

Order paves way for grand temple: RSS


NEW DELHI: Welcoming the historic verdict which among other things allotted the hithertodisputed portion of land where the idols of Lord Ram and other Gods had been placed to the Hindus, Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) chief Mohan Bhagwat on Thursday said: The verdict has paved way for the construction of Ram Mandir at Ayodhya. The judgement should, however, not be seen as a victory or defeat of any particular group. This is because it has always been the contention of all those crusading for Ram Mandir cause that a temple be constructed there as a symbol of our national values and not just for the sake of Gods. This is essential for all of us.

NOW, METRO TO LINK ANAND VIHAR, DK

New Delhi: The Sheila Dikshit Government has a plan to connect Anand Vihar in East Delhi to Dhaula Kuan in South Delhi in the third phase of Delhi Metro Rail connectivity. The total length of this corridor will be 25.66 km. P2

MUKESH IS RICHEST INDIAN, SAYS FORBES

News Delhi: Reliance Industries chairman Mukesh Ambani has emerged as the richest Indian, with his $27 billion fortune surpassing that of billionaire rivals L N Mittal and Azim Premji, according to Forbes India magazine. P10

Continued on Page 4

Continued on Page 4

NEW DELHI/LUCKNOW/CHENNAI: Regional political parties have welcomed the Allahabad HC verdict, saying it leaves scope for appeal. Concerned over the fallout of the verdict on law and order in the State, BSP supremo and UP Chief Minister Mayawati threw the ball in the Centre's court over the orders implementation . The Lok Janshakti Party said nobody should try to derive political benefit from the court verdict. SP Spokesperson Mohan Singh said, The verdict is more political and less judicial The judgement has ignored the title suits and instead decided to divide the land among the three parties.The CPI(M) said, This verdict requires to be fully studied. There may be questions on the nature of the verdict. CPI national secretary D Raja said, The issue should not be taken to the street either in joy or in disappointment. Tamil Nadu CM M Karunanidhi said: the judgement would satisfy both the parties. AIDMK supremo and Opposition leader J Jayalalithaa said, Judges have delivered an admirable verdict considering the extremely sensitive and potentially inflammatory nature of the dispute and its long trail of religious conflict. It is a judgement that opens the door to the path of reconciliation.

REGIONAL PARTIES WELCOME VERDICT

Schoolchildren participate in a special prayer for peace ahead of the Ayodhya verdict, at a school in Ahmedabad on Thursday

AP

Indias mature reaction changes worlds view


PIONEER NEWS SERVICE n NEW DELHI

Muslim pleaded for Nirmohi Akhara in 1959


BISWAJEET BANERJEE n LUCKNOW

the sceptics wrong, Parovingonmanner to the senIndia Thursday reacted in mature sitive Ayodhya title suit verdict with petitioners on either side of the religious divide, major political parties, opinion makers and common man showing remarkable restrain in reacting to the landmark judgement of the Lucknow Bench of the Allahabad High Court. The attention of the world media was focused on the outcome of the 60-year-old litigation that has for decades kept the Hindus and Muslims bitterly divided and influenced the course of Indian politics in a big way. With much at stake for both the communities, there was an air of tension across the country. The unprecedented security around the high court in Lucknow and across the country only highlighted the

verdict of Thehas broughtthe Lucknow Bench of Allahabad High Court cheers among the sants of Nirmohi Akhara, who were among the first to file title suit in the Faizabad court, almost 50 years ago. We respect court order. Justice has been done to us, Mahant of the Nirmohi Akhara Bhaskar Das told The Pioneer. Though he is very eloquent about getting possession of the one-third of the disputed land, he is circumspect over sharing land with the Ram Janmabhoomi Nyas, which has also been given the ownership of one-third land, including the place where Ram Lalla exists.

I cannot say now what we will do. We have to discuss the matter with the sants of our sect and then only I can tell whether we would join hands with Ram Janmabho omi Nyas, he said. Nirmohi Akhara and Ram Mahant Bhaskar Das; the Nirmohi Akhara office (right) Janmabho omi Nyas have long been at log- rights of the land in Ayodhya gerheads. The Nirmohi where Hindus claim a mosque Akhara does not like the VHP- was built on a Ram Temple. It dominated Nyas and had was 1959 when Bhaskar Das, in opposed them. his early 30s, filed the case on Bhaskar Das, the Mahant behalf of Mahant Raghunath of Nirmohi Akhara, was the Das, who was heading the man who had filed the first Trust Panth Mahanandi petition seeking ownership Nirmohi Akhara at that time.

I was young at that time and the Maharaj ji (Mahant of the Trust) had entrusted me the job of getting the petition filed. Every day I used to travel to Faizabad court and sit with the advocate for hours and watch the petition being typed meticulously, Das told this reporter

as he reminisces the time when the first petition was filed. He said: You know who filed the petition on our behalf for the first time? He was a Muslim, one Siddiqui sahib. Nirmohi Akhara is a religious denomination following its own religious faith and customs and is one of the 14 akharas recognised by the Akhil Bharatiya Akhara Parishad. The akhara belongs to the Vaishnav sampradaya. Nirmohi Akhara filed a suit in January 1885 with the sub-judge of Faizabad, seeking consent to construct a temple for Lord Ram in the area called the Ram Chabutra, adjacent to the Babri mosque. The subjudge held then that two large religious structures in close

proximity could potentially be a threat to public order. Permission was denied by the court, though the Nirmohi Akhara has since kept up its effort to reclaim the land and construct the temple. Why Nirmohi Akhara filed this petition? In 1949 when Government locked the gates of the temple after idols of Lord Ram appeared there mysteriously, we petitioned the local administration to give us the ownership right because revenue records of the land were in the name of Nirmohi Akhara since 1940. When we did not get any response from the administration, we decided to move the court in 1959, the Mahant of the Nirmohi Akhara said.

fact that everyone was keeping fingers crossed. Schools and colleges were shut down, air security beefed up, and tens of thousands of security personnel pressed into keeping the communal elements at bay. With thousands of foreign delegates and sportsmen gathered in New Delhi for the Commonwealth Games, the countrys mature reaction would open the eye of many nations which felt that the aftermath of the Ayodhya verdict could have been a communal frenzy, shifting the focus away from sports to violence. Everyone, including the RSS, the BJP, the Congress, the Left, Muslim clergies and sadhus or the man in the street, they all reposed faith in Indias democratic tradition and judiciary and hailed the judgement, which could also be seen as an innovative step by the judiciary to once for all put the djinns of communal discord in its right place history.

Forecast today
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OF THE DAY
PRITISHNANDY Now that the verdict has been announced, can we please leave Ayodhya behind and move on with our lives? We need to look ahead. IAMKITS Come on guys get back to Kalmadi #CWG

Chennai
F r ida y, O ct o be r 1, 20 10

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India-Australia first Test begins today; Harbhajan Singh doubtful
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`1.50 | Pages 50 | Late City Edition

OVER THE YEARS


1528: Mosque constructed at disputed site supposedly by Mir Baki, a nobleman in Mughal emperor Babars court. Hindus say mosque built after razing temple of Lord Rama marking his birthplace. 1853-59: Records say there was violence in 1853. British rulers allow inner court to Muslims, outer courts to Hindus for worship in 1859. 1950: Puja allowed but inner courtyard gates remain locked. 1989: Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi allows shilanyas in an undisputed site near the structure. Jan 2003: ASI begins survey to find out if Ram temple existed on site 1949: Idols of Ram, Sita, Laxman placed inside on night of Dec 22-23, 1949. Conflict breaks out; govt declares site disputed, locks gates. 1961: Sunni Waqf Board in UP files case claiming mosque Dec 6, 1992: Mosque demolished by kar sevaks; Hindu-Muslim riots claims over 2,000 lives. Aug 2003: ASI survey says evidence of temple beneath the mosque

WHO SAID WHAT

It is declared that the area

covered by the central dome of the three domed structure, i.e., the disputed structure being the deity of Bhagwan Ram Janamsthan and place of birth of Lord Rama as per faith and belief of the Hindus, belong to plaintiffs (Suit-5) and shall not be obstructed or interfered in any manner by the defendants Justice Sudhir Agarwal

The portion below central dome where at present the idol is kept in a makeshift temple will be allotted to Hindus in final decree. Nirmohi Akhara will be allotted share including that part shown by the words Ram Chabutra and Sita Rasoi in said map. If while allotting exact (1/3) portions some minor adjustment in share is to be made...the adversely affected party may be compensated (with portion of Centres adjoining land) Justice Sibghat Ullah Khan

ITS RAMJANMABHOOMI
VOICES
We welcome the verdict, but will challenge the decision to give one-third land to the Sunni Central Waqf Board in the apex court
Nritya Gopal Das, chairman, Sri Ram Janmabhoomi Trust

Disputed site was where Lord Rama was born, rules Allahabad High Court; agrees that idols were placed within the central dome in the intervening night of December 22-23, 1949; allows minor adjustments in trifurcation of land

COURT ORDERS STATUS QUO FOR THREE MONTHS AT DISPUTED SITE IN AYODHYA
Hindu sect which is among the three potential owners of the land, too spoke about identical THE disputed site in Ayodhya future plans, challenging the should be split into three parts decision to give one-third land among Hindus and Muslims, to the Wakf Board. the Allahabad High Court orThe nation at large showed dered on Thursday, and, on an no possibility of a flare-up, as anxiously awaited centuries- religious outfits and political old question, ruled that the parties reacted to the verdict spot where a makeshift temple with poise. An odd procession was built after the 1992 demo- in Haryana or a random incilition of the Babri Masjid was dent of bursting of firecrackLord Ramas birthplace. ers in UP provoked none. And By a majority 2-1 decision it wasnt just the ruling Conon the partition, the courts gress that said the HC order Lucknow Bench should not be also ruled that seen as a victory status quo must or defeat of anybe maintained at body; even the the pertinent 2.7Sangh Parivar acre land, but was quick to obthe separate judthat it THE MUSLIMS...IF serveagainst was gments of the not any three justices NECESSARY, MAY particular comBE GIVEN SOME munity. agreed on one point: the area AREA OF OUTER Besides that under the central COURTYARD.... of the Wakf and dome of the 1528the party reprebuilt structure THE ADVERSELY senting the Ram AFFECTED where the Ram Lala Virajman idol now exists PARTY MAY BE (deity), the court belo ngs to HinCOMPENSATED recognised the dus. Justices S U right of Nirmohi Khan and Sudhir Akhara, a litiAgarwal decreed gant since 1959, that the plot be divided equal- to the land the portion comly among the Hindus, Muslims prising Ram Chabootara, Sita and one of the oldest litigants Rasoii and Bhandar. in the 60-year-old title suit. The court, nonetheless, perThe third judge, Justice D V mitted any adjustment but Sharma, registered a dissent- only after ensuring that the ing note, saying the entire adversely-affected party may land belonged to Hindus. be compensated by some porWhile Hindu organisations tion of the adjoining land largely welcomed the verdict, which has been acquired by the Sunni Wakf Board ex- the Central government. The pressed disappointment and order, in effect, meant that the announced its plan to appeal share of Muslims in the land before the Supreme Court. would be in a part that exThe Ram Janmabhoomi Trust cludes what is meant for the and the Nirmohi Akhara, a two other litigants. Anand Raj Singh | ENS Lucknow, September 30

TEMPLE STOOD WHERE MOSQUE CAME UP; AREA UNDER CENTRAL DOME BELONGS TO HINDUS

2.77 ACRE LAND TO BE SPLIT INTO THREE PARTS, CENTRAL DOME AREA GOES TO HINDUS

THE OTHER TWO PARTS OF LAND GO TO SUNNI WAKF BOARD AND NIRMOHI AKHARA

Parties from both communities aggrieved, to move apex court


Express News Service Lucknow, September 30 THE reaching out to both communities tone of Thursdays verdict by the Allahabad High Court apart, Muslim as well as Hindu organisations are planning to move the Supreme Court against order splitting the disputed Ayodhya land among three parties. While the Sunni Wakf Board said they were not going to surrender the plot on which a 16thcentury mosque stood till it was pulled down in end-1992, the Ram Janmabhoomi Trust said it would challenge the Lucknow Benchs decision to provide a third of the land to the Muslim body. The Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha, and another litigant, the Nirmohi Akhara, a Hindu sect that was ruled to get one portion of the pertinent land, too hinted at moving the apex court, citing the same reason. The All Indian Muslim Personal Law Board also spoke about moves to file an appeal. Wakf lawyer Zafaryab Jilani said the HCs formula of one-third land was not acceptable to the Board and it would move the apex court. We will do it after a meeting of the AIMPLB (All India Muslim Personal Law Board). He, however, said, the Board was open to any negotiated settlement, adding talks can happen if a proposal comes. The AIMPLB said the point in the verdict about the birthplace of Lord Ram has no documentary evidence, and said it would move the apex court. The Sri Ram Janmabhoomi Trust welcomed the order, but said it would challenge in the Supreme Court the decision to provide one-third of the disputed land to Wakf Board. We welcome the verdict, but will challenge the decision to give one-third land to the Sunni Central Wakf Board in the apex court, Trust chairman Nritya Gopal Das said We should not get over-excited as the verdict is being challenged. (With agency inputs)

Formula of one-third land is not acceptable to the Wakf Board and it will appeal against it in the apex court
Zafaryab Jilani, Lawyer for Sunni Muslim Wakf Board

The Allahabad High Court verdict is a significant step towards building of a grand temple
LK Advani, BJP leader

ESHWAR ALLAH TERE NAAM: Religious leaders of Hindu and Muslim communities take out a peace procession in Haridwar on Thursday ahead of the Ayodhya title suit verdict | PTI

No winner or loser in this verdict


ENS & Agencies New Delhi, September 30 POLITICAL parties across the spectrum behaved like responsible commentators of Thursdays Ayodhya case verdict, coming up with restrained reactions. With no unrest reported from anywhere amid Prime Minister Manmohan Singhs calls for peace, the administration too sighed in relief. The BJP and rest of the Sangh Parivar saw the judgement as a significant step towards building a grand temple, but at no point sounded belligerent. Party leader L K Advani, once the face of the Ram Janmabhoomi movement, described the judgement as

INSIDE
PM appeals for peace, calm | P8 A shot in the arm for Advani | P8 Ayodhya litigants to move SC | P8 Verdict paves way for temple | P8 A much-awaited judgment | P8 Mumbai calm after verdict | P8 BJP, Congress, Left react | P8 TV channels showed maturity | P9 Is our swaraj so feeble? | P9 A test of Indias secular soul | P10 Gist of findings by judges | P11

The court has given the verdict. We should all welcome the judgment
Janardhan Dwivedi, Congress general secretary

THE ROAD FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF A TEMPLE HAS NOW BEEN LAID, BUT SURELY THERE IS NO ROOM FOR FRENZY
Narendra Modi, Gujarat CM one that would pave the way for the construction of a Ram temple at the disputed site, but added that it opened a new chapter for national integration and intercommunity relations. The RSS said the order should not be seen as anybodys victory or defeat. The movement for Ram temple is not a reactionary one,

nor is it against any particular community, Sangh chief Mohan Bhagwat said. The ruling Congress noted that doors of the Supreme Court were open for any aggrieved party. The CPI(M) and the CPI said the judgement required to be fully studied as there may be questions on the nature of the verdict and the many layers of the issue. Former Hindutva icon Kalyan Singh, who was UP chief minister when the 16th-century mosque was demolished in 1992, hailed the verdict. His current successor Mayawati expressed unhappiness only about insufficient security forces the Centre had deployed in her state currently.

It is a verdict that can satisfy both sides... the opportunity given for the party that finds the judgment insufficient to go for an appeal is welcome
M Karunanidhi Tamil Nadu Chief Minister
50 pages, including 32 of iNDULGE (Tabloid)

Chennaiites were indifferent, had better things to do


Gokul Vannan | ENS Chennai, September 30 THOUGH there was a perceptible sense of apprehension about trouble breaking out in the wake of the Ayodhya verdict, Chennai was calm and quiet as it could be on a Thursday evening with most people on the roads going about their business, showing little interest in what the Allahabad High Court had to say on the Ayodhya title suit, even as the media went berserk expecting some action. Just before television channels started breaking news, at 4.30 pm, the media corps descended at the Big Wallajah Mosque on Triplicane High Road and urged the Special Action Group deployed there to pose for cameras. Updating themselves on the verdict over mobile phones, the reporters, with a keen eye for action asked the police if there would be anything. Only you people are creating a hype, one of the officers replied mockingly and he was right on target as the nosey reporters soon found out. Salim Khan, who was with his wife, said, I was busy attending a special ceremony with relatives, I have no idea about it. Another elderly man, Mohammed, who was sitting in his textile shop with friends, said, I do not know anything about the verdict. I need to do business. I will watch television news later in the night. If I waste time listening to the verdict, my wife will give her verdict to throw me out of the house if I dont go home with money, said Venkateshan (33), a laundry man, adding, Money is important sir. We need to eat. All that tailor Azmath Ullah (46) would say is, I need to deliver this suit before night. I am busy.

LEGAL EAGLES SCRATCH THEIR HEADS


Prabhakar Rao Voruganti & ENS New Delhi/Lucknow, September 30 THE legal fraternity seem divided over the verdict on the Ayodhya title suit with some lawyers saying there is scope for appeal, while others say it would be a futile exercise to take the matter to the Supreme Court. Constitutional expert and senior advocate of the apex court P P Rao said the relief granted appeared to be prima facie inconsistent with the prayers in all the suits. It is more like a panchayat justice dividing the disputed property among the three contenders. And it is not clear how after dismissing the suit of the Sunni Wakf Board, one-third of the property is given to Muslims, Rao maintained. The aggrieved parties have good grounds to move the Supreme Court, he added. Senior advocate M N Krishnamani said, I am happy at the verdictIt is a good judgment. Even Justice Khan favoured 1/3 land to the three parties to the suits. Supreme Court advocate T V Ratnam felt the judgment sounded a bit confused. Theyve tried to take care of everybodys interest and in the process the issues have not been clearly resolved. Further confusion may arise during the implementation of the verdict. With both the Sunni Central Board of Waqfs and the Nirmohi Akhara having announced their decision to appeal, eminent lawyers from Lucknow and Allahabad said it would change nothing as the apex court would most likely reject the appeals and uphold the High Court verdict in toto. A senior lawyer, who is not related to the dispute from either partys side, said, The High Court has, in fact, forced the contesting parties to reach a compromise or be disappointed after the Supreme Court decides the matter on appeals. Another lawyer said, While the Hindus have been told in no uncertain terms that they cannot ignore the right of the Muslims, the representatives of the minority community have, in turn, been told that if what happened five hundred years ago (building of Babri mosque) cannot be totally ignored, then what happened sixty years ago (placing the idols inside the mosque) can also not be ignored.

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AYODHYA

VERDICT
1885-2010

Page 2: Twin towns welcome verdict with humility, grace

Page 4: Dont give in to evil designs: PM

Page 5: Ayodhya has indeed moved on since 1992

ALLAHABAD

HIGH COURT SPLITS THE AREA INTO 3 EQUAL PARTS RULING SAYS LORD RAMAS BIRTHPLACE AT DISPUTED SITE STATUS QUO FOR THREE MONTHS

JUDGES DIVIDE LAND TO UNITE INDIA


AMITA VERMA with agency inputs
DC | LUCKNOW

Sept. 30: The Lucknow bench of the Allahabad High Court in a majority verdict on the Ayodhya title suits on Thursday ruled that the 2.77 acres of disputed land in Ayodhya is to be divided equally into three parts among Hindus and Muslims. It dismissed the Sunni Central Waqf Boards claim to the Babri mosque with a 21 majority and accepted that the land in question was the birthplace of Lord Rama. A three-judge bench comprising Justices S.U. Khan, Sudhir Agarwal and Dharam Veer Sharma, however, were unanimous in the opinion that the makeshift temple of Ram Lalla could not be removed and the land on which it was located rightfully belonged to the Hindu litigants. The detailed judgment was of over 8,189 pages.Mr Zafaryab Jilani, the counsel for the Sunni Central Waqf Board, said the court verdict, which came after 60 years, was partly disappointing and against expectations. He said the board would appeal the judgment in the Supreme Court. Mr Jilani ruled out the possibility of accepting one-third of the land. The Babri mosque cannot be reduced to a part or portion, he said. Justices S.U. Khan and Sudhir Agarwal ruled that the disputed property should be equally divided among the Hindu Mahasabha, the Nirmohi Akhara and the Sunni Central Waqf Board, with each party getting onethird. Page 4: Court to invite suggestions to divide land

A Hindu and a Muslim share a laugh in Ayodhya on Thursday after the Allahabad High Courts verdict on the Ayodhya title suits on Thursday. PTI

The 2.77 acre land should be divided between Sunni Waqf Board, Nirmohi Akhara MORE STORIES and the party representJustice Sudhir ing Ram Lalla Virajman ON PAGES Agarwal (Ram deity himself). ...2, 3, 4, 5

IT IS PROBABLY FOR THE FIRST TIME THREE JUDGES HAVE READ OUT THEIR VERDICTS SEPARATELY. NORMALLY, WHEN THERE ARE CONCURRING OPINIONS, ONE OF THE JUDGES READS OUT THE OPERATIVE PORTION OF THE ORDER.

HISTORIC 8,189-PAGE VERDICT


FOUR MAIN POSERS TO THE COURT:
Who owns the Site? ABHM, Nirmohi, Sunni Wakf or Ram Lalla Virajman.

Whether there was a temple at the site before 1538?

Did the idols of Rama, Sita and Lakshman exist inside the mosque?

Were the idols placed inside the mosque on December 22, 1949.

WHAT PARTIES SAY


Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha to challenge the Allahabad High Court order. Sunni Wakf Board to move the Supreme Court adding they were not going to surrender. Sri Ram Janmbhoomi Trust to challenge the decision to provide onethird land to Sunni Central Waqf Board, in the Supreme Court. Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen to will appeal in the SC against the Allahabad High Court verdict in the Ayodhya case.

MAJORITY VERDICT
Justices S.U. Khan and Sudhir Agarwal said the area under the central dome of the three-domed structure where Lord Ramas idol exists belongs to Hindus. The justices also ruled that status quo should be maintained at the disputed place for three months.
Justice D.V. Sharma

Justice S.U. Khan

The third judge Justice D.V. Sharma ruled that the site is the birthplace of Lord Ram and that the disputed building constructed by Mughal emperor Babar was built against the tenets of Islam and did not have the character of the mosque.

Parties to move High alert across the SC over verdict country


DC CORRESPONDENT
LUCKNOW/ HYDERABAD

The 3 judges were unanimous in the opinion that the makeshift temple of Ram Lalla could not be removed and the land on which it was located rightfully belonged to the Hindu litigants.

Sept. 30: The Sunni Central Waqf Board on Thursday said it would appeal in the Supreme Court against verdict of the Lucknow bench of the Allahabad High Court on the Ayodhya title suits. Interestingly, the Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha, one of the early litigants in the Ayodhya title suits, also said it would challenge the HC order to divide the Ramjanmabhoomi land in three parts. Mr Zafaryab Jilani, counsel for the Sunni Central Waqf Board, said the court verdict, which came after 60 years, was partly disappointing and against expectations. He ruled out the possibility of accepting one-third of the land. The Babri mosque cannot be reduced to a part or portion, he said. The board will move the Supreme Court after a meeting of the All-India

The court verdict which came after 60 years was partly disappointing and against expectations. The Babri mosque cannot be reduced to a part.
Zafaryab Jilani Counsel, Sunni Waqf Board

NAMRATA BIJI AHUJA


DC | NEW DELHI

Muslim Personal Law Board, Mr Jilani said, adding that not much more could be said without studying the judgment in detail. The All India Majlis-eIttehadul Muslimeen president and Hyderabad MP, Mr Asaduddin Owaisi, said Muslims will appeal in the Supreme Court against the Allahabad High Court verdict. We are hugely disappointed by the HC judgment, said Mr Owaisi. Page 5: Division of land not acceptable

Sept. 30: The Centre indicated on Thursday that the security across the country will continue to remain on high alert. Following the Ayodhya verdict and with beginning of the Commonwealth Games, the Centre is not taking any chances. The control room in the home ministry is monitoring the situation round the clock. Though the concerned political and religious outfits like the BJP and the Vishwa Hindu Parishad have asked their cadre to exercise retrain following the verdict, the security establishments have asked forces to continue the vigil. We cannot issue directions against celebrations but hope that peace committees and other groups do not indulge in any activities which may trigger unrest, an official said. Page 4: Roads deserted, shops shut

MATTERS OF FAITH

A clear path to build Ram temple: Advani


DC CORRESPONDENT
NEW DELHI

RSS cry
temple The RSS chief urged people to become active collaborators in organising the constitutional and practical means to build a magnificent temple.

Sept. 30: Lord Ram is back at the centrestage of saffron politics. An upbeat BJP and RSS on Thursday said the Allahabad High Courts verdict on Ayodhya had paved the way for the construction of a magnificent Ram temple at the disputed site. Both the RSS chief, Mr Mohan Bhagwat, and the senior BJP leader, Mr L.K. Advani, also appealed for restraint and said the ver-

dict had opened a new chapter of reconciliation in the country. Mr Advani said: It is a significant step forward towards construction of a

grand temple at the birthplace of Lord Ram. Echoing the RSS line, he added that the verdict opens a new chapter for national integration and a new era of inter-community relations. He said, The ASI has clearly opined that there were remains of a Hindu religious structure at the disputed site. Mr Bhagwat said on Thursday evening that the Ram temple movement was not a reactionary one... nor is it against any particular community.

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IND-AUS FIRST TEST AT MOHALI FROM TODAY

ASTROGUIDE: Vikruthi: Purattasi (15) Tithi: Ashtami Star: Thiruvathirai Rahukalam: 10.30 am to 12 noon Yamagandam: 3 pm to 4.30 pm FORECAST: Generally cloudy Max: 33.8 Min: 25.1 RH: 81% Rainfall: Nil PRAYERS (MASJIDUS-SALAM) Fajar: 5.20 am Zohar: 1 pm Asar: 4 pm Maghrib: 6.05 pm Isha: 7.45 pm SUNSET Today 5.59 pm SUNRISE Tomorrow 05.58 am MOONRISE Today 12 am MOONSET Tomorrow 1.26 am

AYODHYA TITLE SUIT VERDICT HANDS OVER ONE-THIRD LAND EACH TO HINDU MAHASABHA, NIRMOHI AKHARA, SUNNI WAQF BOARD

Divide disputed land into 3: HC


AMITA VERMA with agency inputs
DC | LUCKNOW

idol area to Hindus


The judge said the portion below the central dome, where the idol remains in a makeshift temple, will be allotted to Hindus in the final decree and that the Nirmohi Akhara would be allotted a share including that part shown by the words Ram Chabutra and Sita Rasoi on the map.

Sept. 30: The Lucknow bench of the Allahabad high court in a majority verdict on the Ayodhya title suits on Thursday ruled that the 2.77 acres of disputed land in Ayodhya is to be divided equally into three parts among Hindus and Muslims. It dismissed the Sunni Central Waqf Boards claim to the Babri mosque with a 2-1 majority and accepted that the land in question was the birthplace of Lord Ram. A three-judge bench comprising Justices S.U. Khan, Sudhir Agarwal and Dharam Veer Sharma, however, were unanimous in the opinion that the makeshift temple of Ram Lalla could not be removed and the land on which it was located rightfully belonged to the Hindu litigants. The detailed judgment was of over 10,000 pages. Zafaryab Jilani, counsel for the Sunni Central Waqf Board, said the court ver-

dict, which came after 60 years, was partly disappointing and against expectations. He said the board would appeal the judgment in the Supreme Court. Mr Jilani ruled out the possibility of accepting one-third of the land. The Babri mosque cannot be reduced to a part or portion, he said. Justices S.U. Khan and Sudhir Agarwal ruled that the disputed property should be equally divided among the Hindu Mahasabha, the Nirmohi Akhara and the Sunni Central Waqf Board, with each party getting one-third. Justice Dharam Veer

Sharma was categorical that the land belonged to Hindus and rejected the claim of the Sunni Waqf Board. Justice Sharma ruled that the disputed site is Lord Rams birthplace and that the disputed structure constructed by Babur was built against the tenets of Islam and did not have the character of a mosque. Justice S.U. Khan said the mosque was built by Babur, not by demolishing a temple, but on the ruins of a temple, as found in the Archaeological Survey of India report. The court pointed out that the mosque was not in use and hence the disputed structure could not be termed a mosque in the true sense of the term. However, the entire bench held the view that the central dome of the disputed structure where the idols had been installed since 1949 and again in 1992 after the demolition of the Babri mosque belonged to the Hindu Mahasabha. The Sita Rasoi and Ram Chabutara have been given to the Nirmohi Akhara. See P8

Waqf Board to challenge order in SC


DC CORRESPONDENT with agency inputs
LUCKNOW

RULING AFTERMATH
The verdict ran into a staggering 8,189 pages. The three judges, Sibghat Ullah Khan, Sudhir Agarwal and Dharam Veer Sharma, gave separate judgements. The cyberspace was flooded with tweets and blogs for peace within minutes after the verdict with netizens saying it was a diplomatic judgement where no one has won and no one has lost. Peace and calm is the need of hour, was the refrain of tweets.

PM plays it safe
The correct conclusion, at this stage, is that the status quo will be maintained until the cases are taken up by the Supreme Court.

Advani gratified
The verdict is a significant step towards building of a grand temple. The BJP is gratified that the nation received the verdict with maturity.

Waqf unhappy
We will move the Supreme Court against the court order dividing the disputed land in Ayodhya among three parties. Waqf Board lawyer Zafaryab Jilani said they were not going to surrender it.

Mayas demand
The Centre must ensure implementation of the verdict and also protection of the makeshift temple in Ayodhya.

Music director Chandra Bose passes away


Chennai: Noted Tamil film music director Chandra Bose died on Thursday following illness, family sources said. Bose, 60, is survived by wife and two sons. The musician, who had composed music for about 100 films including Rajinikanth starrers Viduthalai, Raja Chinna Roja and Manidhan, was not keeping well for the past few days and had been in coma. He breathed his last this morning in hospital, sources said. Scores of industry personalities paid homage to Chandra Bose. PTI

Order may help Centre to look out for consensus


S.S. NEGI
DC | NEW DELHI

Sept. 30: While it may take some time to go deep into the detailed reasons for arriving at the historic decision by the Lucknow bench of the Allahabad high court in the four title suits on the Ayodhya dispute, it is clear that the judgment has struck a conciliatory note, and could become the guiding factor for the Centre to try for a consensus on accepting the findings as the

judges have handed it the task of dividing the land. Former attorney-general Soli J. Sorabjee had in fact predicted in an interview to DC only four days back that the high court verdict might not be explicitly in favour of one party or another, but by indicating certain proposals, or making certain suggestions ... (it) may help the parties to reach an amicable settlement. It appears that the HC has tried to do exactly that. Since the idol of Lord

Ram had been placed in a makeshift temple in a place where the central dome of the demolished structure stood, there was unanimity among all three judges that this place, as Hindus believe, is the janamsthan of Lord Ram, and hence it should not be disturbed and must be handed over to them. Justices S.U. Khan, Sudhir Agrawal and D.V. Sharma, while writing separate judgments, concurred on this vital point.

RSS, BJP see Ram temple


YOJNA GUSAI
DC | NEW DELHI

Sept. 30: Lord Ram is back at the centrestage of saffron politics. An upbeat BJP and RSS on Thursday said the Allahabad high courts verdict on Ayodhya had paved the way for the construction of a magnificent Ram temple at the disputed site.

Both RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat and senior BJP leader L.K. Advani, architect of the Ram Janmabhoomi movement, also appealed for restraint and said the verdict had opened a new chapter of reconciliation in the country. VHP international general secretary Pravin Togadia, who saluted and wel-

comed the verdict, however, demanded that the temple be built across the entire area of the site. He too appealed for peace and calm. Evoking the name of Maryada Purushottam Sri Ram, Mr Bhagwat said that the Ram temple movement was not a reactionary one... nor is it against any particular community.

Sept. 30: The Sunni Central Waqf Board on Thursday said it would appeal in the Supreme Court the verdict of the Lucknow bench of the Allahabad high court on the Ayodhya title suits. Zafaryab Jilani, counsel for the Sunni Central Waqf Board, said the court verdict, which came after 60 years, was partly disappointing and against expectations. He said the board would appeal the judgment in the Supreme Court. Mr Jilani ruled out the possibility of accepting one-third of the land. The Babri mosque cannot be reduced to a part or portion, he said. He said they were not going to surrender the land. However, he said, the Sunni board is open to any negotiated settlement. Talks can happen if a proposal comes, he said. The board will move the Supreme Court after a meeting of the All-India Muslim Personal Law Board. There is no hurry, Mr Jilani said, adding that not much more could be said without studying the judgment in detail. This proposal will be tabled before the All-India Muslim Personal Law Board for consideration but we wont accept any proposal to surrender, he said, adding, The judgement pronounced in the case is not only partly disappointing but also against the settled principles of law and evidence adduced by the Muslim side.

TN calm, but cops up vigil counterpoint


DC CORRESPONDENT

both communities

CHENNAI

Sept. 30: Educational institutions, private business houses and even some government offices closed down post-lunch on Thursday apprehending violent backlash from the Ayodhya verdict but the fears turned out baseless. The Allahabad high court order had taken the sting out of any simmering hostility among the contesting parties by making it seem that everyone gained and none lost. Besides, the views

happy This verdict will satisfy both the communities, said M. Karunanidhi. expressed earlier from various leaders, including Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and chief minister M. Karunanidhi that harsh reactions are uncalled for because there is an appellate forum for anyone unhappy, appears to have sunk in. This verdict will satisfy both the communities, said

Mr Karunanidhi. The fact that it allows the aggrieved persons to go in for appeal is welcome. Opposition AIADMK leader Ms Jayalalithaa hailed the verdict as admirable and expressed hope it would open the doors to the path of reconciliation. Both Hindu and Muslim outfits exercised restraint, barring a few Hindus bursting crackers and some stray incidents happening in Coimbatore. The Hindus burst a few crackers because they had already bought them, said a senior police

officer, adding that there would be a nightlong vigil across TN, specially in sensitive areas like Coimbatore. Official sources said some groups, including a few Muslim outfits and lawyers, were planning to hold demonstrations on Friday to express unhappiness over the verdict. They feel that Muslims did not get their due. Hindus are not upset. However, we must ensure that no minor skirmish occurs as that could trigger larger conflict, another official said. See P 3,4

MINJUR STATION ATTACKED

Train runs over 3 college students


DC CORRESPONDENT
CHENNAI

Sept. 30: Three students died after the Darbhanga Express coming towards Chennai hit a group of youngsters who were walking along the railway track. Following this, angry students and local residents pelted stones at the Minjur railway station and two EMU trains causing damage. Train services in the section were disrupted for

Railway officials said the students saw the train coming but were expecting it to ply through the main line and not through the loop line
an hour. The incident occurred at 1.30 pm when a group of

seven students belonging to the Chandraprabhu Jain College were chatting and walking through the rail tracks. The Darbhanga Express was then moving towards Chennai and was suddenly diverted into the loop line. Railway officials said the students saw the train coming but were expecting it to ply through the main line and not through the loop line. Before they could move away, the train hit

them. Paramesh, 19, and Vijayakumar, 20, died on spot and Vinod, 20, on the way to the hospital. Four other students, Majid, Jayakumar, Daniel Raj and Raj, suffered serious injuries and were admitted at the Stanley Medical College and General Hospital. Bodies of the dead students have also been moved to the General Hospital, said Korukkupet railway

police. The incident angered local residents and students who gathered at the Minjur railway station and conducted protests. Southern railway officials said that the station suffered damages in the protests and stone pelting. Two EMU services were cancelled and three were turned back. The tension also affected the incoming and outgoing express train services for about one hour.

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Vol. 3 No. 129 Established 1938
BENGALURU FRIDAY 1 OCTOBER 2010

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7
ting one-third. The threejudge bench comprising Justices S.U. Khan, Sudhir Agarwal and Dharam Veer Sharma in a detailed 8,180 page judgement, were unanimous that the makeshift temple of Ram Lalla could not be dismantled and the land on which it was located rightfully belonged to the Hindu litigants. Justice Agarwal observed the area within the inner courtyard belongs to Hindus and Muslims since both had been using it for centuries. Justice Sharma ruled that the disputed structure constructed by Babar was built against the tenets of Islam and did not have the character of a mosque. Justice S.U. Khan said the mosque was built by Babar, not by demolishing a temple, but on the ruins of a temple, as found in the ASI report. The court pointed out that the mosque was not in use and hence the disputed structure could not be termed a mosque. The bench directed maintenance of status quo for three months.

18

CRICKET
BATTLE ROYALE AS DHONIS MEN TAKE ON AUSSIES

RAM LALLA SHRINE TO STAY WAQF BOARD TO APPROACH SUPREME COURT INDIA REMAINS PEACEFUL, CALM

JUDGES DIVIDE AYODHYA TO UNITE INDIA


AMITA VERMA
DC | LUCKNOW

Actress Katrina Bowden at the screening of The Social Network at the School of Visual Arts Theater in New York Wednesday night. AFP
ASTROGUIDE: Samvatsara: Sri Vikriti Nama Dakshinayana Tithi: Bhadrapada Krishna Ashtami (8.48 pm) Star: Ardra (8.13 pm) Yoga: Variyan (1.08 pm) Rahukalam: 10.30 to 12 pm Kali Day: 1867005 PRAYERS (Jamia Masjid) Fajar: 5.35 am Zohar: 1.30 pm Asar: 5.00 pm Maghrib: 6.18 pm Isha: 8.15 pm FORECAST: Generally cloudy sky. One or two spells of rain likely in some areas. Max: 30.2 Min: 20.6 RH: 55% Rainfall: 0.4 mm SUNSET Today 6.10 pm SUNRISE Tomorrow 6.09 am MOONRISE Today MOONSET Today 12.44 am

Sept. 30: The Ram Lalla makeshift shrine is to stay. One-third of the disputed property goes to the Muslim litigants. The remaining one-third to the Nirmohi Akhara who get the site where the Ram Chabootra and Sita Rasoi stand. Sixty years after the case was first lodged, the Lucknow bench of the Allahabad HC in a majority verdict dismissed the Sunni Central Waqf Boards claim to the Babri mosque with a 2-1 majority and accepted that the land in question was the birthplace of Lord Ram. It divided the disputed holy site all of 2.77 acres between Muslims and Hindus, dousing fears of a violent backlash in one of the nations most religiously divisive cases. Justices S.U. Khan and Sudhir Agarwal ruled that the disputed property should be equally divided among the Hindu Mahasabha, the Nirmohi Akhara and the Sunni Central Wakf Board, with each party get-

What the three judges said


he disputed is T theRam and site of birthplace Lord idols a n d other objects there had been worshipped since time immemorial. The disputed building was built by Babar against the tenets of Islam, after demolishing a temple. Thus it cannot have the character of a mosque. Justice D.V. Sharma teN odem-e mpl was olished to build the mosque. It was built over the ruins of temples. Both Hindus and Muslims had joint possession of the disputed site. It must be divided among all parties to the extent of onethird share each. Justice S.U. Khan land with the T he the AyodhyaIndia Government of under Act 1993 should be given to all three parties so that they may each utilise their respective areas with separate entry and exits and without disturbing each others rights. Justice Sudhir Agarwal

VHP and Bajrang Dal activists burst crackers as they celebrate the court verdict on the Ayodhya title suit, in Amritsar on Thursday. PTI

Tony Curtis dies at 85


Los Angeles: Tony Curtis, a classically handsome movie star who earned an Oscar nomination as an escaped convict in Stanley Kramers 1958 movie The Defiant Ones, but whose public preferred him in comic roles in films like Some Like It Hot and The Great Race, died Wednesday of a cardiac arrest in his Las Vegas area home. He was 85. P7

BJP, RSS get back their plank


YOJNA GUSAI
DC | NEW DELHI

India billionaire club swells to 69


New Delhi: Indias fast-expanding economy has minted 17 new billionaires in the last 12 months, pushing the total to a record 69, according to a new Forbes Rich List released Thursday. Mukesh Ambani, chairman of Reliance Industries, retained his title as the richest Indian for a third year in 2010, Forbes said. AFP

Sept. 30: Lord Ram is back at the centrestage of saffron politics. An upbeat BJP and RSS on Thursday said the Allahabad High Courts verdict on Ayodhya had paved the way for the construction of a magnificent Ram temple at the disputed site. Both RSS chief

See Pages 8&9

Mohan Bhagwat and senior BJP leader L.K. Advani, who was the architect of the Ram Janmabhoomi movement, also appealed for restraint and said the verdict had opened a new chapter of reconciliation in the country. VHP international general secretary Pravin Togadia, saluted the verdict.

Wakf, Mahasabha to move SC


Zafaryab Jilani, counsel for the Sunni Central Wakf Board, said the court verdict, which came after 60 years, was partly disappointing and against expectations. He said the board would appeal the judgment in the Supreme Court. Mr Jilani ruled out the possibility of accepting one-third of the land. The Babri mosque cannot be reduced to a part or portion, he said as Muslim organisations said they would appeal the decision, in a measured response crafted not to inflame public tensions. See Pages 8&9

Son held, but Katta wont quit


DC CORRESPONDENT
BENGALURU

DC EXPOS
The arrest of Vasanthnagar coporator Jagadish Katta, son of senior BJP minister Katta Subramanya Naidu in the KIADB land scam has put the spotlight firmly on V Tech City, a 325 acre-SEZ proposed by Itasca Software Development Pvt. Ltd. The younger Kattas arrest also raises serious questions on who set the ball rolling for the illegal acquisition of land for `120 crore, 300-acre land scam which is being investigated by the Lokayukta in Bandikodigehalli in Jala hobli that focuses solely on Itasca. Documents and vital information available with Deccan Chronicle reveal that investigators are inching towards unearthing the scandal in its entirety and that big names in the BJP, both at the national and state are involved. And equally, that all the players are set for a windfall as they have only spent a few lakhs. Turn to Page 5 R. Jayaprakash

counterpoint

Sept. 30: The multi-crore KIADB scam took a sensational turn on Thursday when the Lokayukta police arrested Katta Jagadish, son of BWSSB and IT/BT minister Katta Subramnya Naidu, for offering a bribe to a witness in a bid to efface evidence. The arrest of the Vasanthnagar corporator, Katta Jagadish, from his Gandhi Nagar office around 3.30 pm could have enormous political implications as he becomes the second major figure with links to the ruling party to come under the scanner for wrong-doing. Lokayukta ADGP Rupak Kumar Dutta said that the accused corporator had been harassing one of the prime witnesses in the `300 crore KIADB scam. The witness, Ramanjanappa, a resident of RK Hegde Nagar approached

9 HRS: KATTA JR INTERROGATED ALL NIGHT


Shortly after Vasanthnagar corporator Katta Jagadish was arrested by the Lokayukta, his father, IT-BT minister Katta Subramanya Naidu was summoned to an emergency meeting, convened by CM B.S. Yeddyurappa in a bid to control the damage from disclosures about wrong-doing by senior members of his cabinet. As speculation mounted on whether heads will roll, Katta emerged from the meeting and said in a brazen show of defiance Nobody asked me to resign.

the Lokayukta police with a complaint on Tuesday, who on Thursday laid a trap for

the high-profile corporator. The complainant stated that Katta Jagadish had

Turn to Page 5

called him and instructed him not to co-operate with the Lokayukta police, and offered him money in return. We registered a case of abetting a private person to influence a public servant under section 10 of the Prevention of Corruption Act and for attempting to efface evidence under section 201 of IPC, ADGP, Mr Dutta said. The Lokayukta police registered the FIR on Wednesday and on Thursday a trap was laid. The complainant was asked come to a hotel in Gandhinagar Thursday morning. Accused Mr Katta Jagadish spoke to the complainant and offered him `1 lakh. However, Mr Jagadish asked Ramanjanappa to visit his house in Sadashivanagar where a person by name Kumar would give him the money. The complainant visited Katta Jagadishs house in

BOOST FOR BOEING

Tejas Mark II: Indian body, US heart


B.R. SRIKANTH
DC | BENGALURU

Sept. 30: A day after defence minister A.K. Antonys return from the United States, the ministry of defence handed a major contract to an American firm for supply of engines to power the Made in India fighter,Tejas Mark II.

The contract, worth about $750 million for 99 F414 engines of General Electric Aviation-hints at the potential winner of Indias biggest defence deal yet: the $11 billion acquisition of 126 Medium Multi-role Combat Aircraft. The same engine powers the US-manufactured F/A-18 Super Hornets. These American military

jets were the first of the six competing aircraft to be evaluated by the Indian Air Force for the multi-billion dollar acquisition in August 2009. Two jets were flown over the skies of Bengaluru, Jaisalmer and Leh. Sources in MOD said the decision to pick the F414 over the other competitor Eurojets EJ200 (which inc-

identally powers Eurofighter, another jet in the reckoning for MMRCA deal) signals an edge for the Super Hornets over other fighter aircraft, assessed for the mega-buck procurement. Both the engines were suitable to power Tejas Mark II, but with todays choice the prospects of Super Hornets are certainly high. It gi-

ves the vendor (Boeing) many advantages as the engine line (for manufacture of engines) will be ready in advance and benefits under the off-set policy would also be transferred to Indian firms. This will reduce the cost of the fighter significantly and give the IAF the benefit of using engines in its inventory, sources said.