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Development of hydropower in Ayeyawady River A Strategic Choice for Myanmar Electric Industry

LI GuangHua President
CPI Yunnan International Power Investment Co., LTD (CPIYN) 17 September, Naypyitaw

Contents

Development of hydropower in Myanmar is needed Development of hydropower in Upper Ayeyawady river is beneficial No safety nor environment stop-constraints found CPIYN is an enterprise with high social responsibility

It is necessary to develop hydropower in Myanmar


More electronic power i needed f M M l t i is d d for Myanmar d development l t

China 0.7kW/Capita

Europe 1.3kW/Capita USA 3kW/Capita Myanmar 0.05kW/Capita


Population 6.5million Power 3.2 million kW

Japan 1.3kW/Capita

It is necessary to develop hydropower in Myanmar


Present energy level cannot satisfy the economic development demands

Hydropower is the best choice in Myanmar energy industry development


Rich in water resources (100 000 (100,000 MW) Lack of coal High pollution Hi h ll i

Hydropower (Priority)

Thermal

Nuclear Require high technical standard With rigid criteria

New Energy High cost Constraints on solar & wind resources

Contents

Development of hydropower in Myanmar is needed Development of hydropower in Upper Ayeyawady river is beneficial No safety nor environment stop-constraints found CPIYN is an enterprise with high social responsibility

Hydropower development in upper Ayeyawady river


An excellent opportunity for social-economic development
Transform to Myanmar

Total installed capacity 19800 MW Total static investment about USD 20


billion

Yenam

Completed in15 years.


Guanglanhpu g p Hpizaw

Myanmar Income

Laza

Wutsok

USD 160 billion


Chipwi Myitsone

USD 54 billion

Hydropower development in upper Ayeyawady river


Improve transportation and life condition for the people in the project area
750km road will be constructed

Myitkyina-Myitsone Road

Nammawhka Bridge

Tough construction of Wutsok Washawng Myitsone road Washawng-Myitsone Guanglanhpu Exploration Road surface clearance

Hydropower development in upper Ayeyawady river


Benefit local agriculture and industry needs with more hydrological data

Hydrological monitoring network

9 hydrological stations, 5 water level stations and 49 rainfall stations will b t ti d i f ll t ti ill be setup in 2011.
Phase-II

The hydrological da a ca ass s the e yd o og ca data can assist e development of local agriculture and industry needs

Phase-I

Hydrological station

Water level station

Hydropower development in upper Ayeyawady river


Provide job opportunity for local people 4819
30000 25000 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 Myanmar staff Chinese staff

2709

Date 13 Sep 2011

Manpower demands during the construction pe od a po e de a ds du g t e co st uct o period

Project employees

Organizing Myanmar employee to work

Hydropower development in upper Ayeyawady river


Improve regional environmental quality

Clean & renewable hydropower will be transferred y p to China (1.8% of china total power capacity) Replace some thermal power production in China Improve environmental quality in south china and the area near Myanmar border

Contents

Development of hydropower in Myanmar is needed Development of hydropower in Upper Ayeyawady river is beneficial No safety nor environment stop-constraints found CPIYN is an enterprise with high social responsibility

Dam safety of Myitsone hydropower project Carried out large numbers of researches
No. 1 2 3 4 5 Research contents Time 20082010 20072008 20072010 20092011 20082010 Institutes IGCEA YNEA, approved by CEA CISPDR CISPDR, CRSRI, DLUT CISPDR

Study on regional tectonic stability of hydropower projects of upstream Irrawaddy river Myitsone station site seismic safety evaluation Specific study on faults at dam site Specific study on anti-seismic design of dam Study on reservoir evocation earthquake of Irrawaddy river basin and Myitsone hydropower project and monitoring system design

Dam safety of Myitsone hydropower project The seismic tectonic environment

A triangle tectonic domain Including is formed with the arc-shaped structure of the north of Sagaing Fault which is nearly NS-trending, JiaLi Fault which is NW-trending and Red river Fault inside Myanmar & the Southwest Yunnan, China

The tectonic domain of Myitsone hydropower station

Dam safety of Myitsone hydropower project Seismic tectonic environment

No active faults found near the project area!

A ti f lt i th study area Active fault in the t d (The red line indicates active fault)

Seismic tectonic map of the study area

Dam safety of Myitsone hydropower project High Anti-seismic design standard g Antig

Maximum possible seismic intensity at the dam site 7 degree Designed standard of over 2% probability in 100 years 9 degree Checked standard of over 1% probability in 100 years

Dam safety of Myitsone hydropower project AntiAnti-seismic measures


Surface outlet flood discharge

Reinforced concrete slope protection grille Mid-outlet flood discharge

Myitsone spillway dam

In case of emergency

Dam safety of Myitsone hydropower project


Anti-seismic measures earthquake monitoring system

700 safety monitoring equipment are installed at the dam To be built during 2013 ~2020

25 remote monitoring seismic stations are to be


built at upper area of Irrawaddy River Basin

Dam safety of Myitsone hydropower project


Anti-seismic measures earthquake monitoring system

Engaged expert committee member of 4 CAE academicians and 7 most authoritative experts Spent 2 years Carried out technical consulting on Myitsone Project Seismic Safety

No safety constraint fond for the Myitsone Dam!

Dam safety of Myitsone hydropower project Example: CFRD survived big earthquake p g q
Zipingpu CFRD in China 156m tall 17km from the epicenter of Wenchuan Design earthquake level is 8 degree The seismic intensity at the dam site 2008 was larger than 8 degree
Wenchuan earthquake in May 2008

Zipingpu dam

Upstream of the reservoir after earthquake

Lower water level after earthquake

Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) of the Hydropower development in Upper Ayeyawady River
Many institutes carried out large amount of research work

CISPDR, IHE, SCBG, SCIEA, China National Academy of Sciences, and Myanmar BANCA were engaged in the EIA & SIA studies. Long time and large amount of field survey and investigation has been conducted

Carried out numbers of EIA field investigation and study

Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) of the Hydropower development in Upper Ayeyawady River Major findings of EIA M j fi di f
Social-economically beneficial for social, economy and environment in Kachin and y y Myanmar. Environmentally safe: No stop-constraint was found; inundation and hydrological changes will cause effect on water environment, aquatic & terrestrial organisms, and migrants production and living; implementation of mitigation measures can effectively mitigated these problems. The environment will be strictly protected during the project construction yp g p j process; rare local animal and plant species will be protected.

Impact on downstream area

Negligible effect to runoff: initial impounded water is 2.8% of the annual runoff Improve irrigation, navigation conditions and water supply with dry season water compensation to downstream area: 16% To better benefit sustainable

Flooding Fl di season

development in Myanmar, we will conduct Dry Dry season season flow increase in dry season more researches on impact on downstream area
Prevent salt water intrusion at the estuary area in dry season Improve flood safety level at downstream area: May ~ Oct, 3.5% decreasing to the average flow, from 5 year to 20 years at Myitkyina

Change of flow rate before and after Myitsone project

Impact on downstream area


A dynamic equilibrium system

The last cascade reservoir in Ayeyawady river The maximum height of Myitsone is 139.5m Reservoir storage 12.4 billion m3

Construction a reservoir will not affect the mass balance of the river flow mass-balance

Contents

Development of hydropower in Myanmar is needed Development of hydropower in Upper Ayeyawady river is beneficial No safety nor environment stop-constraints found CPIYN is an enterprise with high social responsibility

CPI is an enterprise with high social responsibilities


Established a project team with the top expert from China p j p p
Leading design companies
CISPDR N h Northwest Design Institute, D i I i KHIDI

Consultancy
H d Hydropower Pl Planning G i General I tit t of China l Institute f Chi Chengdu survey, design company COLENCO of Switzerland, NEWJEC of Japan

Review
Hydropower Planning General Institute of China CPI Expert committee composed of top experts of China

Supervision p
Mid-south design institute of china

Research
Chinese Academy of Water Sciences, Geological Research Institute of China National Sciences Earthquake Bureau Tsinghua University, Tianjin University, Hohai University SANTAC, BANCA, Yangon University

CPI is an enterprise with high social responsibilities


Resettlement
Map of Reservoir Inundation and Resettlement Statistics

Resettlement house plan

Military Attach from Many Countries Hearing Report on Construction and Resettlement of Myitsone Project

CPI is an enterprise with high social responsibilities


Resettlement
<20,000 people to be resettled p p
Cost about 1% of investment Principle: respect fully the desires of the relocated people, ensure their living standard will g not be lower than their original level and is improved Government of Myanmar and CPI are committed to long-term g assistance and supports for the relocated people USD 25 million has been p p invested, the relocated peoples life standard has been improved remarkably Resettlement work for Myitsone y dam site area is finished

New resettlement village in Myitsone dam site

New church

N it l ith l t d New h hospital with completed medical facilities

New school

CPI is an enterprise with high social responsibilities


Assisting local people in enhancing their infrastructure

Chipwi Road Upgraded from Clay-bound Macadam pavement to concrete pavement

New Border Gate at Panwa

CPI is an enterprise with high social responsibilities


Other contributions

Create more job opportunities Create conditions for local business development Contribute to disaster relief
Spare time entertainment

Project staff assisting in fire fighting in Myitkyina

Others Chipwi Under construction Preliminary period

Myitsone Under construction Chipwi nge In I operation i

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