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# ALGEBRAIC PROCESS

## Time Allowed: Hr.

1. If x + y = 2 and y x = 10, find the value of
y
x
. A.
2
3
B.
3
2
C.

3
2
D.
2
3
[Nov
2000]
2. Two values of x satisfy the equation x
2
+ 5x + q = 0. If one of them is 3, find the other
one A. 8 B. 2 C. 3 D. 8
3. Given that
3
2
=
q
p
, evaluate
q p
q p

+
. A. 5 B.
5
1
C.
5
1
D. 5
4. For what value of x is
1
2
+

x
undefined? A. x = 1 B. x = 0 C. x = 2 D. x = 1
5. Which of the following is not a quadratic expression? A. x
2
+ 3x + 2 B. x
3
2x
2
+ 3
C. 3x
2
2 D. 4x
2
+ x 3
6. Factorise completely 3a
2
27b
2
. A. ) 3 )( 2 ( 3 b a b a + B. ) 3 )( 3 ( 3 b a b a + C.
) 3 )( 3 ( 3 b a b a + + D. ) 3 )( 3 ( b a b a +
7. Simplify
x
x x
6
1
2
1
2

+
. A.
1
3
+ x
x
B.
1
2
+ x
x
C.
1
2
x
x
D.
1
3
x
x

8. If p q where p and q are positive integers, which of the following statements is not
correct? A.
2
q
2
p B.
p
1

q
1
C.
p
1

q
1
D.
p
q
1
9. When x is added to both the numerator and denominator of
8
5
, the resulting fraction is
greater than
7
6
. Find the range of values of x. A. x 13 B. x 13 C. x 83 D. x 83
10. If p = 3 and q = 4, evaluate
q p
q p

+
3
3
. A.
5
3
2 B. 1 C.
5
3
D.
13
5
[Nov 2000]
11. Simplify:
2
2
1
y y
y

A.
y
1
B.
y
1
C.
y
y + 1
D.
y
y 1
[Nov 2001]
12. Solve the equation 0
3
1
2
1
=
+
x
x
A.
3
1
B.
9
1
C.
9
1
D.
3
5

13. Simplify
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
q
q
p
p
1
1
1
1 . A. q p + B. ( ) q p 2 C. q p D.
2 2
q p
14. Factorise completely 3 6 2
2
+ x xy y x . A. ( )( ) 1 3 2 xy x B. ( )( ) 3 1 2 + xy x C.
( )( ) 3 1 2 + xy x D. ( )( ) 3 1 2 xy x
15. Solve the inequality
2
3
5
2

+ x x
1. A. x 3 B. x 7 C. x 7 D. x 3
16. Find the value of k for which the expression x2 + 3x + k is a perfect square. A. 9 B.
4
9
C.
2
3
D.
3
2

17. Make R the subject of the relation
r R
R
n

=
2
. A.
nr
n 2 +
B.
2 + n
nr
C.
2 n
nr
D.
nr
n 2

18. If 5x y = 24 and x 3y = 2, find the value of x + y. A. 6 B. 2 C. 4 D. 6
19. It is estimated that Fatou's age is greater than 15years but less than 21years. If y
represents Fatou's age, which of these inequalities correctly expresses the statement?
A. 15 y 21 B. 15 y 21 C. 15 y 21 D. 15 y 21 [Nov 2001]
20. Find the value of x in 0.5x + 2.6 = 5x + 0.35. A. 0.5 B. 2 C. 2.6 D. 5 [June 2002]
21. If (3, 4) is a point on the line y = mx + 2, find the value of m. A. 2 B.
4
7
C. 2
D.
3
8

22. For what values of x is the expression
9 9 4
2 3
2
+

x x
x
undefined?
A. 3
4
3
or

B. 3
3
2

or C. 3
3
2
or D. 3
4
3
or
23. Simplify
x x +
+
1
2
1
1
. A.
2
1
3
x
x

+
B.
2
1
3
x
x
+

C.
2
1
3
x
x

D.
2
1
3
x
x
+

24. Factorise m(2a b) 2n(b 2a). A. ) 2 )( 2 ( m n b a B. ) 2 )( 2 ( n m b a +

C. ) 2 )( 2 ( n m b a + D. ) 2 )( 2 ( n m b a
25. Which of the following represents the solution to the inequality
2
) 3 (
3

x x
1?
A. B.

C. D.
26. Given that
x
x p
1
= and ,
1
2
2
x
x q + = express q in terms of p.
A. ( ) 2
2
+ p B. ( )
2
2 p C. ( )
2
2 + p D. ( ) 2
2
p [June 2002]
27. Solve for t in the equation ( ) . 11 21
3
1
4
3
= + t t A.
13
9
B.
13
9
3 C. 5 D.
5
3
9 [June
2004]
28. Given that x + y = 7 and 3x y = 5, evaluate . 3
2

y
A. 1 B. 1 C. 3 D. 4
29. If , 1
1
= +
+ b
y
a
x
make y the subject of the relation. A.
1
) 1 (
+
+
a
x a b
B.
) 1 (
1
+
+
x a b
a
C.
1
) 1 (
+
+
b
x b a
D.
) 1 ( + x b a
b

30. Solve the equation 10 3x x
2
= 0. A. 5 2 = or x B. 5 2or x = C.
10 1or x = D. 5 2or x =
31. Factorise 27p
2
x
2
48y
2
. A.
2
) 4 3 ( 9 y px B. ) 4 3 )( 4 3 ( 3 y px y px
C. ) 4 3 )( 4 ( 9 y px y px + D. ) 4 3 )( 4 3 ( 3 y px y px +

3 2 1 0 1 3 2
3 3 2 1 0 1 2
3 2 1 0 1 3 2
3 2 1 0 1 3 2
32. Find the sum of the roots of the equation 2x
2
+ 3x 9 = 0. A. 18 B. 6 C.
2
9

D.
2
3

33. Find the range of values of x for which
3
1
4
2 +

+ x x

2
1
. A. x 4 B. x 4 C. x
4 D. x 4
34. Simplify .
1 2
b a b a

+

A.
b a +
3
B.
2 2
3
b a
b a

C.
2 2
3
b a
b a

D.
2 2
3
b a
b a
+

35. Which of the following quadratic equations has
2
1
and
4
3
as its roots?
A. 0 3 11 8
2
= + x x B. 0 3 11 8
2
= x x C. 0 3 2 8
2
= + x x D. 0 3 2 8
2
= x x
36. Given that p = 2, q = 5 and r = 4, evaluate 3p
2
q
2
r
3
. A. 101 B. 77 C. 51 D.
27 [June 2004]
37. Find the equation whose roots are 2 and . 3
2
1
A. 0 14 3 2
2
= + + x x B.
0 7 5 2
2
= + + x x C. 0 7 5 2
2
= + x x D. 0 14 3 2
2
= + x x [June 2005]
38. Expand ). 5 )( 3 2 ( y x y x A.
2 2
15 13 2 y xy x + B.
2 2
15 13 2 y xy x C.
2 2
15 13 2 y xy x + + D.
2 2
15 13 2 y xy x +
39. Simplify: .
4
3
3
2
yz xy
A.
xyz
x
12
2
B.
xyz
x z
12
3 2
C.
xyz
x z
12
3 4
D.
xyz
x z
12
9 8

40. For what vales of y is the expression
6
1 6
2

y y
y
not defined? A.
4
1
,
6
1
B. 3, 2 C.
3, 2 D. 0, 1
41. Solve the inequality .
3
1
2 1 < x A.
3
2
< x B.
3
2
< x C.
3
2
> x D.
3
2
> x
42. Three bags and five cups cost N800 altogether. If each of the bags costs N150, how
much does a cup cost? A. N50 B. N70 C. N100 D. N160
43. If ,
1 1 1
r q p
+ =
5
2
= p and ,
7
4
= q find the value of r. A.
17
4
B.
4
3
C.
3
4
D.
4
17

44. Factorise: . ax y ay x + A. ) )( 1 ( y x a B. ) )( 1 ( y x a + C. ) )( 1 ( y x a + +
D. ) )( 1 ( y x a +
45. The square root of the sum of x and 6 is equal to 4. Find the value of x. A. 2 B.
6 C. 10 D. 22
46. If 2x + y = 1 and x + 2y = 7, find the value of x y. A. 8 B. 2 C. 2 D. 8
47. Find the range of values of x for which 2x 1 3 and 2 x 5. A. 3 x 1 B. 2
x 3 C. 3 x 4 D. 3 x 2
48. Find the quadratic equation whose roots are
2
1
and
2
3
. A. 0 3 4 2
2
= x x B.
0 3 4 4
2
= x x C. 0 3 6 4
2
= x x D. 0 3 6 2
2
= x x
49. Simplify: .
3 2
2
2
3

+ x x
5 A.
) 3 2 )( 2 (
1 4

x x
x
B.
) 3 2 )( 2 (
5 4
+

x x
x
C.
) 3 2 )( 2 (
11 4
+

x x
x
D.
) 3 2 )( 2 (
13 4
+

x x
x

50. For what values of x is the expression
) 3 )( 2 (
2 2
+

x x
x
not defined? A. x = 4 or 2
B. x = 2 or 3 C. x = 3 or 2 D. x = 2 or 4 [June 2005]