HPS 1040: Kliem Review: Exam I Wellness Lecture (Chapter One) 1. Leading causes of death in US a. Actual: Tobacco b.

Leading: Heart disease 2. Improvement in public health and relationship to life expectancy a. From 47.3yr to 79.6 yr i. Vaccinations, fluoridation, safer workplaces, motor vehicle safety, family planning, decrease in deaths from heart attack and stroke 3. Salutogenesis a. Human well-being instead of factors that cause disease/illness i. Relationship between health, stress, and coping 4. Six dimensions of wellness a. Physical i. Eating, exercising, sex, symptoms b. Emotional i. Optimism, self-esteem, trust c. Intellectual i. Curiosity, sense of humor, active mind – directs your behavior d. Spiritual i. Beliefs, principles, or values e. Interpersonal/social i. Support network; contributing to your community f. Environmental i. UV radiation; pollen 5. Health benefits of laughter a. Low blood pressure & stress hormones; higher muscle flexation, boost immune function, triggers release of endorphins 6. Role genes play in your overall wellness a. Errors in genes 3k-4k conditions i. SCD, huntingtons, cystic fibrosis b. Altered genes i. Heart disease, cancer, stroke, diabetes ii. Increase an individual‟s risk c. Disease results from interaction of many genes with environmental and behavioral factors 7. Factors that influence wellness 1. Heredity; environment; behavior 7. Use of the human genome to improve health a. Personalized risk assessment b. Pharmacogenomics c. Gene therapy d. Limitations

Ethical issues i. Define: Internal locus of control External locus of control Critical Thinking Case Study 1. chosen risks. Vaccine . Preparation d. man-made risks. natural risks. some tests/therapies may not be available for yrs 9. risk perception a. relative risk a. a. relapse 3. Immunization i. Define: a. measure of comparative risk of a health related event between two groups b. Contemplation c. risks from untrusted source 3. Disease results from interaction of many genes with environmental and behavioral factors ii. More difficult to develop tests and therapies for disorders with complex causes e. Process of priming the body to remember an encounter with a specific antigen b. Pre-contemplation b. a person‟s chance of developing a specific disease over a specified time period 5. absolute risk. Action maintenance e. Define & give examples of: 2. Calculate relative or absolute risk from examples 4. imposed risks. less afraid of i. health literacy a. risks that come from trusted people/org b. chance that a person receiving an exposure will develop a condition. Define & understand the Stages of Change Model a. process. the ability to obtain. Privacy.i. Theoretical relationship between longevity and quality of life Behavior Modification Lecture (Chapter One) 1. compares to the chance that a non-exposed person will develop the same condition 4. discrimination. and understand basic health information and services in order to make appropriate health decisions 2. more afraid of i.

Parts and function of a neuron. occurs sufficient fraction of host pop is immune to infection f.i.Brain Lecture 1. a group of subjects with a common defining characteristic 1. Signs of a concussion 10. Like chicken pox e. Introduction of a killed or weakened pathogen to stimulate the body to produce antibodies ii. Possible long-term effects of multiple concussions 13. acquired immunity i. epidemiology i. Ability of a memory lymphocytes to remember a previous infection 1. informs evidence based medicine for identifying risk factors for disease and determining optimal treatment approaches to clinical practice and for clinical medicine 2. Strategies to prevent a concussion 11. hippocampus. pons. amygdala. herd immunity i. cohort i. „active immunity‟ c. Diagnosis and treatment for a concussion 12. and understand how conflicts of interest may lead to bad science. Common causes of concussions 9. Key findings in the distraction while learning study and the link between eating breakfast & test scores 7. Define: concussion 8. hypothalamus. cerebellum. Lobes of the brain and function 2. Be able to critically analyze & evaluate a scientific claim: identify control vs experimental group. learning 6. passive immunity i. typically age group is a form of longitudinal study used in medicine and social science g.g. how/why neurons communicate 5. white matter & gray matter changes and synaptic changes) 4. Key findings in the Purdue study Stress Lecture (Chapter Six) . Regions of brain (cortex. Nervous System . injection of antibodies produced by other human beings or animals d. immunizations are not safe for everyone 1. pituitary gland) and function 3. Brain development-related changes (e. importance of “sample size” and study replication. study of patterns of health and illness and associated factors at the population level 1. Role/importance of synapses/synaptic connections. reticular formation. medulla.

purpose of sleep. Actions of autonomic nervous system – parasympathetic vs sympathetic 5. Glycogen to glucose is an action of the sympathetic nervous system? 4. immune and cardiovascular systems and sleep & memory 11. Stress pathway 7. Endocrine system is activated during immediate stress response: hypothylamus  pituitary  adrenalepenepherin  cortisol a. B. Define: Insomnia. Epenipherin: increases heart rate and blood pressure 5. Sleep cycle. depression. hostility Mini Quiz: 1. Relationship between stress and the nervous. Role of endocrine system 8. Key findings in the imaging studies on sleep deprivation 17. Constriction of eyes is an action of the __? Division of the autonomic nervous system Chemicals  Norepinephrine o Acute stress increases its release o Secreted by the sympathetic nervous system in the periphery to regulate heart rate and blood pressure  Serotonin o Implicated in sleep. Understand the link between stress and insomnia 14. mood. How does stress affect sleep (know chemicals involved that promote sleep & wakefulness) 13. Functions of cortisol (acute & chronic stress) 9. elevated levels of __? are associated with increased blood pressure 3. Stress management techniques 15. Describe: General Adaptation Syndrome 3. Signs and symptoms of stress 4. Behavior types: A. and anxiety  Induces a very powerful contraction of smooth muscles  Acetylcholine o Neurotransmitter for parasympathetic . Actions of somatic nervous system 6. tips for getting a good night‟s sleep 12. Functions of epinephrine (acute & chronic stress) 10. Health consequences of chronic stress 16. Cortisol: facilities glycogen to glucose b. Eustress 2. Periods of chronic stress.1. distress 2. Define & give examples of: eustress.

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