This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
, doing business as TAROM Romanian Air Transport, is the flag carrier and oldest currently operating airline of Romania. The brand name is an acronym for Romanian: Transporturile Aeriene ROMâne (Romanian Air Transport). The head office of the airline is located inside the International Departures Terminal of Henri Coandă  International Airport (formerly known as Otopeni Airport) in Otopeni, Ilfov County, near Bucharest. Its main base is Henri Coandă International Airport. The airline operates scheduled domestic services and international services to 53 destinations in Europe, Africa and the Middle East. With 26 aircraft, TAROM's fleet is the largest among the Romanian airlines. Ninety-five percent (95%) of TAROM is owned by the Romanian Government (Ministry of Transport). The airline transported over 1.7 million passengers in 2009 and   2.2 million in 2010 (24% increase). The airline joined SkyTeam on 25 June 2010. The
de Havilland DH.9 on airmail stamp
Romania's first national airline was founded in 1920 under the name CFRNA - (French-Romanian Company for Air Navigation). The airline used French-built Potez 15 aircraft for its passenger/mail service betweenParis and Bucharest via several cities in Central Europe. In 1925, the city of Galaţi became the first destination in Romania served by regular flights followed, from 24 June 1926, by an extended service to Iaşi andChişinău. Ten de Havilland DH.9 and five Ansaldo A.300, in addition to the Potez aircraft, operated the service. In 1928 the airline changed its name to SNNA Serviciul Naţional de Navigaţie Aeriană (The National Air Navigation Service). In 1930, the company adopted the name LARES - Liniile Aeriene Române Exploatate de Stat (Romanian Air Line State Run) while 1937 saw the merger of LARES with its competitor,SARTA (Societatea Anonimă Română  de Transporturi Aeriene). Post
World War II
Tarom Ilyushin Il-18D operating a holiday flight at Manchester Airport in 1988
In 1978 a contract was signed with the UK enabling Rombac to manufacture the BAC One Eleven at Baneasa near Bucharest. The 1990s Boeing 737-700 "Craiova" in the 1990s livery . By 1960. on 18 September 1954. Domestic operations were started from Bucharest (Băneasa Airport) on 1 February 1946. An exception to Soviet-built planes was made in 1968 when TAROM bought the BAC One Eleven for European and Middle East destinations. Meanwhile the 707 and Il-62 long range aircraft were operating New-York (via Amsterdam.Romanian Air Transport). and Karachi-Beijing. it launched a regular service to New York City . Ilyushin Il-62 long-range jet airliner. Ilyushin Il-14. when the Soviet Union had extended its influence across Eastern Europe. Five examples (three Il-62 and two later version Il-62M with a range of 10. Antonov An-24 regional turboprop. Ilyushin Il18 long-range turboprop. The company's Soviet share was purchased by Romania and. which also leased the planes to other operators. BAC One-Eleven on 50th anniversary stamp Being part of the regional group of airlines within Eastern Bloc states meant that for much of its history TAROM has operated Soviet-designed planes.(JFK International Airport).000 km) were owned by TAROM. and the Tupolev Tu-154 medium-range tri-jet.Ilyushin Il-18 on 1963 stamp After World War II. later London and finally Vienna). and in 1974 when it acquired Boeing 707 aircraft to share its long haul operations with the Il-62.(Transporturi Aeriene Române . the airline TARS (Transporturi Aeriene Româno-Sovietice) was established on 8 August 1945. the airline adopted the name of TAROM . On May 14. As was the case with a number of other nations. jointlyowned by the governments of Romania and the Soviet Union. 1974. TAROM was flying to a dozen cities across Europe. 1966 saw the operation of its first trans-Atlantic flight. the Il62 was the first long-range jet airliner to be put into operation by Romania (1973). Israel. Abu-DhabiBangkok-Singapore. These included the Li-2. TAROM was the only Eastern Bloc airline to operate flights to Tel Aviv.
A fleet upgrade program started in 2006 with the acquisition of four Airbus A318. In 2001 the airline cancelled its nonprofitable long haul services to Bangkok and Montreal and also terminated services to its remaining  intercontinental destinations ofBeijing (in 2003). At the beginning of the new millennium. By 1993. caused by unprofitable routes. The final decision will be taken by the end of 2011. when losses of up to $68 million a year were registered. possibly using ATR-42's. using Ilyushin Il-62. TAROM had introduced long haul flights to Montreal and Bangkok. Chicago (in 2002). TAROM replaced its long-haul fleet of Boeing 707s and IL-62s with two new A310 aircraft and a third one in lease (the last Il-62 being sold in 1999). the first aircraft painted in the current colour scheme TAROM is recovering from a difficult period that began in the 1990s. 2004 was the first profitable year of the last decade. Tulcea. This was achieved by terminating loss-making intercontinental services. the airline initiated a program that was aimed at restoring profitability. and focused its activity on service to key destinations in Europe and the Middle East. . and initiated direct international flights from Sibiu International Airport (SBZ). the location of the TAROM head office TAROM has decided to focus its operations on Bucharest (Henri Coandă International Airport) (OTP) and Cluj-Napoca International Airport (CLJ). three Boeing 737800 and two ATR 72-500. TAROM terminated loss-making domestic services to Craiova. Henri Coandă International Airport. 2000 onwards Airbus A318 "Aurel Vlaicu". the airline is considering the possibility to resume those domestic flights in the future.It was only after the collapse of the Communist Party in 1989 that the airline was able to acquire more Western-built jets. During the 1990s. With improving financial conditions. and New York City (in 2003). and Airbus A310 aircraft. Codeshare agreements with foreign partner airlines are in place for several international routes. Caransebeş and Constanţa. which resulted in a fleet increase to 26 (2009).
with an oversized logo on the tailfin. the Airbus long-haul aircraft bear Romanian historical province names. On 25 June 2010. representing a swallow in flight. In the 1970s livery the logo on the tail was painted in red. and the engine pods also painted in dark blue. representing airline's first livery used in 1950s on Lisunov Li-2 airplanes.  while the new Airbus A318 bear names of Romanian aviation pioneers In 2009. TAROM joined SkyTeam as the 13th alliance member. the names of the ATR aircraft in the fleet are related to the rivers of Romania. marking airline's 55th anniversary. has been used on all TAROM aircraft since 1954. The livery introduced in the early 1990s (on the Airbus A310 aircraft) is a "Eurowhite" scheme with the titles and the tailfin painted in dark blue.The airline had a frequent flyer programme "Smart Miles" which was turned into Flying Blue. TAROM ATR72-500 named "Ialomiţa" All aircraft in the TAROM fleet receive a "name" which is a Romanian toponym. with a red cheatline. Today's color scheme (introduced in 2006 on the A318) is a slightly modified version of the previous one. on 5 June 2010. For instance. the Boeing aircraft bear names of Romanian cities. a Boeing 737-700 (YR-BGG "Craiova") was painted in a retro jet colorscheme. Destinations Main article: TAROM destinations Boeing 737-300 "Alba-Iulia" on the stand at Charles de Gaulle Airport . Livery  TAROM logo in the 1970s & 1980s The TAROM logo.
Codeshare agreements At Henri Coandă International Airport TAROM has codeshare agreements with the following airlines. SkyTeam announced that it had renewed its membership program. On 22 June 2010. Alliances In 2006 TAROM was scheduled to join SkyTeam as an associate member (sponsored by Alitalia). thereby making  TAROM a future full member of the alliance. On 7 May 2008 SkyTeam signed a SkyTeam Alliance Associate Adherence Agreement (SAAAA) agreement with TAROM. TAROM became a full member of  SkyTeam. but the entry into the alliance was postponed until 2008. On 25 June 2010. indicating the airline is  on the track to join the alliance as an associate member (sponsored by Air France).The airline serves 54 destinations in 26 countries (Europe. the only type of wide-body aircraft in the fleet . Middle East and northern Africa) including 12 domestic destinations. beside SkyTeam members: Air Moldova LOT Polish Airlines (Star Alliance) Malev Hungarian Airlines (Oneworld) Middle East Airlines (future SkyTeam member) Olympic Air Royal Jordanian (Oneworld) Syrian Arab Airlines  Austrian Airlines (Star Alliance) Brussels Airlines (Star Alliance) Bulgaria Air Cyprus Airways Jat Airways Fleet Airbus A310-300.
TAROM's active fleet counted 16 airplanes (9 Boeing 737 classic & NG and 7 ATR 42-500).2009 In autumn 2006. but 3 Boeing 737-800 have been chosen as replacements . TAROM Executives stated discussions with Airbus and Boeing are still underway. TAROM took delivery of its first two Airbus A318-111. after reintroducing them to the fleet. bringing the total number of aircraft to four. In November and December 2006. after Air France. TAROM realized their inefficiency and decided to sell them. Equipped with winglets Boeing 737-800 Total 1 24 0 0 Fleet expansion 2006 . In the fall of 2007. Paris and Zurich. two more Airbus A318 have joined the fleet. In 2008. The Airbus A318 planes are being used on routes from Bucharest  to Brussels. becoming the second commercial operator of this type of aircraft in Europe.Boeing 737-300 in the current livery The TAROM fleet consists of the following aircraft (as of 23 September 2011): TAROM Fleet Passengers Aircraft In Fleet Orders B Airbus A310-300 Airbus A318-111 1 1 2 2 0 0 E Total 209 VIP 113 107 48 45 43 39 39 35 68 64 124 118 116 180 186 20 189 VIP VIP 14 26 3 5 9 11 15 4 10 16 14 12 99 81 48 42 38 30 28 20 68 60 114 102 102 168 186 Notes  YR-LCA YR-LCB operating as presidential aircraft ATR 42-500 7 0 ATR 72-500 Boeing 737-300 2 3 1 4 0 0 Boeing 737-700 0 Equipped with winglets YR-BGG painted in retro livery YR-BGF painted in SkyTeam livery. Following airline's decision to cancel its long-haul operations both TAROM's Airbus A310 aircraft were grounded between 2003 and 2007 in Otopeni Airport. Frankfurt. Munich.
Incidents and accidents . Airbus A310 and A320 aircraft. TAROM has announced an intention to standardise its fleet around either the 737 or the A320  series.1 years. with the last one  being delivered on January 24. 2009. The average fleet age of the TAROM fleet is 10. In order to meet demand on the domestic market. It employs 800 staff and  specializes in maintaining ATR. Bucharest. Retired  fleet TAROM ATR 42-500 Boeing 737-300 Boeing 737-500 ATR 42-300 DC-10 (Leased) Ilyushin Il-62 BAC One-Eleven ROMBAC 1-11 Ilyushin Il-18 Tupolev Tu-154 Antonov An-24 Boeing 707 Ilyushin Il-14 Lisunov Li-2 Mil Mi-4 Antonov An-2 Maintenance TAROM . Boeing 737 series. the airline decided to expand its fleet with 2 ATR 72-500 which joined the fleet in the first semester of 2009. Other maintenance providers in Romania are Aerostar SA in Bacău andRomaero located at Băneasa Airport. beginning in November 2008.Technical Division is an aircraft maintenance provider.and joined the fleet over the course of three months.
but was actually  water. There were 186 people aboard. None of the passengers was injured. while the wind was increasing turbulence was present. The plane landed safely after a second  approach. while sharks were kept away by the vibrations of an engine which continued to function few hours after the crash. but a passenger suffered a heart attack and died before he could be rescued. A fire erupted. an Antonov An-24 (YR-AMD) operating on a domestic scheduled flight from Bucharest to Sibiu. due to a fault in the throttles and lack of recovery from the flight crew. All of the 152 passengers and 16 crew members survived the impact. An investigation found that an overshoot of flap placard speed during approach. then right. killing three crew members who were trapped in the cockpit. killing all 28 passengers and 5 crew members. which led to the aircraft drifting south off course by  20 km. On March 31. The crew couldn't see the runway while descending through the 90m decision height. All 50 passengers and 10 crews were killed. The auto-throttles increased power and trim went full nose-up as a result. crashed into the side of the Mountains (Muntii) Lotrului (22 km south of Sibiu) at an altitude of 1700 m. a Tarom Airbus A-310 (YR-LCA). The crew attempt at commanding the nose-down elevator could not counteract effect of stabilizer nose-up trim. The other 2  crew members and all 50 passengers survived. . The crew attempted to countermand the plane's flight control system but were unable to get the nose down while remaining on course. Most of the passengers were sailors who were going to replace the crew of two Romanian ships located on the Mauritanian coast. Witnesses saw the plane climb to a tail stand. a Tarom Boeing 737-300. and the resulting dive brought the plane from a height of 4100 feet at the time of the stall to 800 feet when the crew was able to recover command. an Antonov An-24 (YR-AMF) operating on a domestic scheduled flight from Bucharest Băneasa (BBU). then bank sharply left. See TAROM Flight 3107. Many passenger swam to the land. flying Flight 371 crashed near Baloteşti. touched down nose wheel-first while landing at the Cluj Airport (CLJ). On December 30. A missed approach procedure was initiated when the pilot felt contact with the what he thought was ground. 1995. to Nouadhibou Airport (NDB). 300m short of the runway at Nouadhibou Airport. Romania. a Tupolev 154B-1 (YR-TPH) operating on an international scheduled flight from Bucharest Otopeni Airport (OTP). (YR-BGC "Constanţa") hit a car on the runway of Bucharest Henri Coandă International Airport while taking off for Sharm-el-Sheikh. On 29 December 1974. On September 24. Only when the dive produced additional speed was the crew able to recover steady flight. Flight 381 from Bucharest on approach to Paris Orly went into a sudden and uncommanded nose-up position and stalled. 1994. incorrectly commanded by the captain. On 5 September 1986. 2007. The plane stopped beside the runway and was severely  damaged. a Tarom Airbus A-310 (YR-LCC). ditched in the water. Mauritania. then fall into a steep dive. Because of fog neither the tower nor the pilots saw the car belonging to staff who were repairing a runway beacon. caused a mode transition to flight level change. The crew's incorrect approach procedure execution. On 7 August 1980.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.