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-5-

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-9-

o&P*HkESifh rdom;pkNidrf;csrf;a&;

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k a© &mufaew,fqw
kd m ewfawG

- 10 -

o&P*HkESifh rdom;pkNidrf;csrf;a&;

bmawGqdkwJh[mawGu tNidK;xm;NyD;awmh jyKpm;vdkufvdkYvnf;
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Mu a[m'D[
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- 11 -

o&P*HkESifh rdom;pkNidrf;csrf;a&;

wu,fvdkYom vlwa,mufeJY wpfa,muf qufpyfwJhtcgrSm
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trl tajymtqdk pdwfaepdwfxm;qdkwJh taMumif;w&m;awGudk
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vnf;yJ/ b,fvpkd Of;rvJq&kd if tm;vH;k vlwikd ;f ? vlwikd ;f [m pD;yGm;

- 12 -

o&P*HkESifh rdom;pkNidrf;csrf;a&;

a&; usef;rma&; ynma&; tppta&;awGayghav/ 'Dta&;awG
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h u
l tdrt
f vkyu
f kd vky&f

- 13 -

o&P*HkESifh rdom;pkNidrf;csrf;a&;

rSm ysif;w,f/ tJovdkqdk 'Dtdrf&JU pD;yGm;a&;? BuD;yGm;a&;? vlrIa&;
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tJovdkjzpfvdrfhr,f/
tJ'Dawmh 'gudk jrwfpGmbk&m;u odyfodaeawmh 'DtrSef
w&m;xuf aumif;rGew
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a,mufeJY wpfa,muf xdpyf&wJholawG[muawmhjzifh vHk;vHk;
pnf;pnf; nDnDnGwfnGwfjzpfrSm/ olu 'DvdkodoGm;w,f/ 'Dvdkod
awmh 'Dtodawmh jzifh b,folurSvnf; vlrav;acG;rcefYqdkwJh
oabmrsKd;jzpfaerSmqdkNyD;awmh vlawGigodwJh[majymvnf;
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cJ&h wm/ 'gjzifh olrY mS u tJonfjrwfpmG bk&m;qdw
k hJ yk*Kd¾ vrf mS u 'Dvkd
w&m;awGov
d u
kd af wmh bmjzpfv/J olrmS t&nftcsi;f awG trsm;

- 14 -

o&P*HkESifh rdom;pkNidrf;csrf;a&;

BuD;&w,f/ b,fvdkt&nftcsif;awG &vmwkef;qdk&if yxrqHk;
olu &[EåmBuD; jzpfw,f/
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wmawG remvdkwmawG &csifwmawG tjrifuyfwmawG aMumuf
wmawG rufarmwmawG tukefvHk;? rodwmawG &IyfaxG;wmawG
bmrS olq
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bl;/ rufvnf; rrufarmwwfawmhb;l / tJovdk 0efvnf; rwdw
k wf
awmhbl;/ remvnf; rvdkwwfawmhbl;/ ukefoGm;wm olYqDrSm/
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Ykd m aMumufwwfwmawG rufarmwwf wmawG
remvdkwwfwmawG 0efwdkwwfwmawG jiLplwwfwmawG apmif;
ajrmif;wwfwmawG tJ'gawG&SdaeOD;r,fqdk&if ajzMunfhMuprf;/
wpfa,mufeYJ wpfa,muf[moifjh rwfyghrvm;? (roifjh rwfEikd yf gbl;
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Edik yf ghrvm;?tJ'v
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kd w
f ikd u
f if;atmif vkyyf pfvu
kd v
f rYdk v
Ykd Ykd

- 15 -

o&P*HkESifh rdom;pkNidrf;csrf;a&;

olY'Dvdk uif;wJhbGJYBuD;&wm/ bmbGJUwkef;qdkawmh ]]t&[m}}
ajymr,fqdk&if &[EÅ m . . ./ &[EÅmqdkwmvnf; odxm;Mu
&[Eåmqdkwm aMumufwm r&Sdbl;/ &[EÅmqdkwm rufarmwm r&Sd
bl;/ &[EÅmqdkwm remvdkwm r&Sdbl;/ &[EÅmqdkwm 0efwdkwm
r&Sb
d ;l / &[EÅmqdw
k m jiLplwm apmif;ajrmif;wm bmrSr&Sb
d ;l / jrwf
pGmbk&m;u &[EÅmBuD;jzpfoGm;awmh tJ'gawG bmrSr&Sdbl;/
tm;vHk;vlYtpk trufxJrSm aeaeMuwJh yk*¾KdvfawGrSm
tJovdkjiLplwmawG remvdkwmawG 0efwdkwmawG apmif;ajrmif;
wmawG aMumufwwfwmawG rufarmwwfwmawG &SdaevdkY&Sd&if
acsmarGYyghrvm;? (racsmarGUygbl;bk&m;)/ racsmarGEdkifbl;/ tJ'g
aMumifhrdkYvdkY vlawGu wpfOD;eJYwpfOD; wpftdrfeJY wpftdrf udk,fh
tdrx
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pnf; nDnDnGwfnGwf wpdwfwnf; w0rf;wnf; vlcsif;uGJaeay
r,fvdkY wpdwfwnf; w0rf;wnf; [kdolYudk ukd,fem;vnf udk,fhudk
olrsm;u em;vnf tJovdkem;vnf yg;vnf jzpfNyD;awmh aeEdkif
atmiftwGuf qdk&ifjzifh tJ'Dt&[mvdkYac:wJhw&m; qnf;uyf
BudK;pm;/ ckeajymcJhwJh 0efwdkwmuif;wm remvdk wmuif;wm
jiLplwm uif;wm apmif;ajrmif;wmuif;wm avmbBuD;wm
uif;wm a'goBuD;wm uif;wm 'gawGvkdw,f/ a[m'gawG uif;
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vlt
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'Dt&[mvdq
Yk w
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Ykd Ykd jrwfpmG bk&m;u &[EÅm
BuD; jrwfpGmbk&m;u &[EÅmBuD;eJY olYudkbmvkyfMu&vJ/ &Sdcdk;Mu

- 16 -

o&P*HkESifh rdom;pkNidrf;csrf;a&;

&wm/ olu
Y kd vrf;ñTet
f jzpfeYJ acgif;aqmifwif&wm/ bmjzpfvv
Ykd /J
tm;vHk; vlawGu wcgwnf; avmbuvnf; ruif;Ekdkif a'gou
vnf; ruif;Edik f aMumufp&m&Sad Mumuf rufarmp&m&Srd ufarm rem
vdkp&m &Sdremvdk 0efwdkp&m &Sd0efwdk jiLplp&m&SdjiLpl apmif;ajrmif;
p&m&Sdapmif;ajrmif; 'Dvdkaeawmh vlYtzGJY tpnf;&Jh cvkyfql;ajimifh
jzpfwmqdkawmh 'Dvdkcvkyfql;ajimifhawG tqdyftawmufawGjzpf
wm[mawmhjzifh [efrusbl;vdkY odayr,fhvnf; ry,fEdkifbl;/
'D0efwdkwmBuD;udk y,fygvm;qdkawmh ry,fEdkifbl;/ remvdkwmudk
y,fygvm;qdkawmh ry,fEkdifbl;/ aMumufwm y,fygvm;qdkawmh
ry,fEkdifbl;/ rufarmwm y,fygvm;qdkawmh ry,fEdkifbl;/ ry,f
Edkifawmh bmvkyf&vJqdkawmh tJovdky,fxm;wJholudk wdkYacgif;
aqmifwifr,fqdkwJh pdwfxm;rsKd;eJU a[m acgif;aqmifwif&wm/
'gaMumifhrdkYvdkY jrwfpGmbk&m;[m t&[m/ &[EÅmBuD;/ tJh'D&[EÅm
BuD;udk wdkY&Sdcdk;ygw,f/ tJ'D&[EÅmBuD;udk wdkY tav;jyKygw,f/ &Sdcdk;
w,fqw
kd m tav;jyKwmyJ/ bmawGnmawG vkyrf aeeJ/Y &Scd ;kd w,f
qdkwm tav;jyKwmudkajymwm/

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&Sdcdk;w,fqdkwJh[mu vlrsKd;wpfrsKd;&JU tav;jyKenf;um;
xH;k pHy/J Oyrmwpfct
k aeeJY qvHay;w,fvYkd tav;trljyKw,fveYkd YJ
'gawG[m bmrSrxl;bl;/ &Sdcdk;w,fvdkYqdkwm olY,Ofaus;rIt&
twlwlawGyJ/ Armjynfu ArmawGuawmh &Sdcdk;w,fqdkwJh[mu
tav;tpm;vkyfwmqdkawmh Armhenf; ArmhxHk;pHu tdE´d,u
vmwJhxHk;pHudk tdE´d,u wpfOD;eJYwpfOD;av;pm;w,fqdk &Sdcdk;wm/
ckacwfawmifrS vlBuD;vlaumif;wpfa,mufudk vlBuD;vlaumif;

- 17 -

o&P*HkESifh rdom;pkNidrf;csrf;a&;

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- 18 -

o&P*HkESifh rdom;pkNidrf;csrf;a&;

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- 19 -

o&P*HkESifh rdom;pkNidrf;csrf;a&;

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- 20 -

o&P*HkESifh rdom;pkNidrf;csrf;a&;

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- 21 -

o&P*HkESifh rdom;pkNidrf;csrf;a&;

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Yk 'Dpum;av;ajymwm/

- 22 -

o&P*HkESifh rdom;pkNidrf;csrf;a&;

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Yk awmhjzifh rtm;ao;

- 23 -

o&P*HkESifh rdom;pkNidrf;csrf;a&;

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- 24 -

o&P*HkESifh rdom;pkNidrf;csrf;a&;

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bk&m;&JU*kPfawmf? w&m;&JU*kPfawmf? oHCmawmf&JU taetxm;
'gav;udk wpfcpk ESpcf pk eJY odom½Hu
k av; uGjJ ym;oGm;atmif wdu
Yk
ajymvkdufwm/ 'gjzifh w&m;b,fvkdvkyfusifhrwkef;vdkYqdk&if rSwf
xm;? w&m;qdw
k m b,f[mwke;f qdw
k t
hJ &mudk ydy&d &d o
d Md u/ rw&m;
wmawG r[kwfwm w&m;vdkY . . ./ rw&m;wmawG r[kwfwm

- 25 -

o&P*HkESifh rdom;pkNidrf;csrf;a&;

w&m;/ a[moavmufuav;udk ydy&d &d o
d Md u/ wdw
Yk awGrmS rw&m;
wmawG&&dS if wd&Yk ifxrJ mS rw&m;wmawG&&dS if wdpYk w
d x
f rJ mS rw&m;
wmawG&Sd&if wdkYudk,fuvnf; rw&m;wm awGjzpfr,f/ wdkYEIwfu
vnf; rw&m;wmawGjzpfvmr,f/ tJ'Dvdk rw&m;wmawGom
wdkYudk,fu jzpfjzpf? wdkYEIwfujzpfjzpf? wdkYdpdwfu jzpfjzpf&Sd&if wdkYeJY
xd&wJholawG[m csrf;omyghrvm;vdkYqdkwmrsKd;udk pOfpm;&r,f/
rw&m;wJo
h el x
YJ &d if csr;f omyghrvm;? (rcsr;f omygbl; bk&m;)/ rcsr;f
ombl;/
'Dawmh wu,fvdkYrsm; wdkYeJYxd&wJholawG[m rcsrf;omMu
bl;vdq
Yk &kd if tJ'rD csr;f omwJt
h wGuf wdeYk x
YJ &d wJh todik ;f t0dik ;f [m
usqHk;rSmvm; wdk;wufrSmvm;? (usqHk;rSmygbk&m;) usqHk;rSm/ tJh'D
todik ;f t0dik ;f Bu;D awmif usq;kH Nyv
D q
Ykd &kd if tJ'h D todik ;f t0dik ;f xJ ae&
wJh ud,
k u
f ,
kd w
f ikd af &m wd;k wufrmS vm;? usq;kH rSmvm;? (usq;kH rSmyg
bk&m;)/ usqHk;rSm/ a[m'gudk odNyD;oumv ..at; ..wdkY
rw&m;wmudk b,fenf;eJYrS rvkyfbl;/ rw&m;w,fqdkwm tqdyf
tawmuf? rw&m;w,fqw
kd m pl;an§mif?h vlb
Y 0Bu;D &JUtzsu?f a[m
..'Dvdk rSwf&rvm; rrSwf&bl;vm;? (rSwf&rSmyg bk&m;)/ rSwf&
r,faemf/ 'Dawmh b,fol rw&m;? rw&m; iguawmhhjzifh w&m;
wJh vlawGMum;xJrSmvnf; igrw&m; rvkyfbl;/ rw&m;wJh
vlawGMum;xJrSmvnf; igrw&m;rvkyfbl ;/ qHk;jzwfoifhovm;
rqH;k jzwfoifb
h ;l vm;? (qH;k jzwfoihyf gw,f bk&m;)/ tJovdq
k ;kH jzwf
NyD;&if rw&m;wmav;udk b,fESpfckvdkY rSwf&rvJqdk&if q,fckxJ
..q,fckxJ/ 'gav; tajy;tvTm; rSwfvdkufprf;/

- 26 -

o&P*HkESifh rdom;pkNidrf;csrf;a&;

]]rw&m;wm q,fck}}
'D q ,f c k u av; rw&m;wm
rw&m;wmu bmvJqdk&if ud k , f e J Y
rw&m;wm oHk;ck? EIwfeJY rw&m;wmu av;ck? pdwfeJY rw&m;
wmu oH k ; ck a[m'guav;yJ/ udk,fe JYr w&m;wm
w&m;wmu b,fol
b,fow
l ek ;f vdYk qdk &if owfwm/ vlwpfa,mufu vlwpfa,muf
udkowfwm/ tJ'gudk,feJY w&m;rvm; rw&m;bl;vm;? (rw&m;
ygbl;bk&m;) rw&m;bl;/ vlwpfa,mufu vlwpfa,muf&UJ ypön;f
udk cdk;wm/ w&m;rvm; rw&m;bl;vm;? (rw&m;ygbl; bk&m;)/
vlwpfa,mufu vlwpfa,muf&UJ tm½Hik g;yg;udk vdu
k pf m;vGeu
f sL;
vkyfwm/ w&m;rvm; rw&m;bl;vm;? (rw&m;ygbl; bk&m;)
rw&m;bl;/ tJ'g ud,
k ef YJ rw&m;wm 'Do;kH ck/ 'gawmh tajy;tvTm;
odygw,f/ 'Dpum;avmufawmh em;vnfMuNyD;om;jzpfygw,f/
tJ'Drw&m;wmudk wdkYb,fenf;eJYrS aemufudkqdk&if b,f
awmhrS rvkyaf wmhb;l vdYk rqH;k jzwfoifb
h ;l vm; qH;k jzwfoiho
f vm;?
(qH;k jzwfoifyh gw,fb&k m;) qH;k jzwfoifw
h ,f/ qH;k jzwfMu? 'Dvkd ajym
&r,f/ tJovdkyJ EI w f e J Y r w&m;wm
w&m;wmu bmwkef;vdkYqdk&if wpf
a,mufeYJwpfa,muf vdrfajymMur,fqdk&if w&m;rvm; rw&m;
bl;vm;? (rw&m;ygbl;bk&m;)/ vdraf wmhrajymbl;/ rSerf eS u
f efuef
awmh ajymyg&JU tJ'DrSefuefwmajymvdkufwJhtwGuf wpfa,mufeJY
wpfa,muf roifrh jrwfjzpfr,fq&kd if *H;k wdu
k w
f o
hJ abmjzpfr,fqkd
&ifaum w&m;rvm; rw&m;bl;vm;? (rw&m;ygbl;bk&m;)/ rw
&m;bl;/ rSerf eS u
f efuefvnfjzpfyg&JU roifrh jrwfatmifvnf; r[kwf
bl;yJqykd gawmh/ 'gayr,fvYkd [ko
d u
Yl kd ud,
k u
f ajymvdu
k w
f mu ydóm
av;eJY eHab;xkovdk wcgwnf; tcHcufatmifajymNy;D qif;&J'u
k ©

- 27 -

o&P*HkESifh rdom;pkNidrf;csrf;a&;

a&mufomG ;r,fq&kd if 'DtajymrsK;d u w&m;rvm; rw&m;bl;vm;/
(rw&m;ygbl; bk&m;)/ rw&m;bl;/ 'g qJw,fvdkY 'Dvdkajym&r,f/
qJwm rw&m;bl;aygh/ 'Dvdkr[kwfvdkY bmrStusKd;r&SdwJh awmifpOf
a&r& pum;awGukd tESpo
f m&r&Syd eJ YJ wwGww
f w
G ef YJ wvTwv
f w
T ef YJ
ajymaer,fq&kd ifaum 'DtajymrsK;d [m w&m;rvm; rw&m;bl;vm;?
(rw&m;bl;ygbl; bk&m;)/ a[m 'Drw&m; av;rsK;d xJy/J 'Drw&m;udk
av;rsKd;xJu wpfckckuav; aqmifr,fqdk&if a[m'DtzGJUtpnf;
vlrItaygif;toif;BuD;[m ysufokOf;p&mtaMumif;&Sdw,f/
'ghaMumifrh v
Ykd Ykd 'gudw
k aYkd wmhjzifh 'DuaeYupvdYk wpfoufom
ywfv;kH vH;k 0rajymawmhygbl;vdYk qH;k jzwfoifo
h vm; rqH;k jzwfoifh
ovm;? (qH;k jzwfoifyh gw,fb&k m;)/ qH;k jzwfoifw
h ,f/ tJovdrk sK;d
vdyk J wpfcg pdwfeJY rw&m;wmuav; oHk;rsdK;;u wu,fvYkd ud,
k f
u bmrSr&SmrazGyeJ YJ olrsm;awG&mS azG&&Sx
d m;wJh ypön;f ypö,awGukd
udk,fuaeNyD;awmhrS igh[mawGjzpfatmif b,fvdkvkyf&rwkef;vdkY
ayoD;uyfo;D axGvaD xGvmBuq
H r,fq&kd if tJ'v
D kd tBut
H pnfrsK;d
[m w&m;rvm; rw&m;bl;vm;? (rw&m;ygbl;bk&m;) olrsm;
awG&UJ ypön;f ypö,awGukd ud,
k rf &csib
f ;l yJxm;/ olw&Ykd aewm ud,
k f
rjrifEikd yf gbl; rMum;Ekid yf gbl;qdNk y;D oumv rD;b,fvdk avmifygap?
"m;jyb,feJY wdkufygap? b,fvdk ysufpD;ygapeJY tJovdkrsKd; qdk;qdk;
0g;0g;BuHqae&ifaum 'DBuHqrIrsKd;[m w&m;rvm; rw&m;bl;
vm;? (rw&m;ygbl; bk&m;)/ rw&m;bl;/
aemufq;kH ydwf rw&m;wmav;wpfcu
k awmh ud,
k u
hf kd 'ku©
a&mufr,f[
h mrsK;d udk tHr,f ..'g ighuckd sr;f omapEkid w
f ,fvYkd xifwhJ
txiftjrifrsK;d uav;awGrsm; xifjrifpw
d u
f ;l ,OfNy;D awmh aer,f
qdk&ifaum w&m;rvm; rw&m;bl;vm;? (rw&m;ygbl; bk&m;)/

- 28 -

o&P*HkESifh rdom;pkNidrf;csrf;a&;

rw&m;bl;/ tJ'D olrsm;ypönf;tacsmif&csifwm? olrsm;ypönf;
ysufpD;apcsifwm? udk,fh'ku©a&mufr,fh[mawmif 'ku©a&mufr,fh
[mrSef; rodyJeJY okc&tHk;r,fvdkYxifNyD;awmhaewJh txiftjrif
rSm;rsK;d vdq
Yk w
dk hJ 'D raemuHrw&m;oH;k rsK;d udk yGm;rsm;zdo
Yk ifo
h vm; a&Smif
&Sm;zdYk oifo
h vm;? (a&Smif&mS ;zdo
Yk ifyh gw,fb&k m;)/ at;.. 'guav;
a&Smif&mS ;zdYk BuKd ;pm;Mu/ qH;k jzwfMu/ wdw
Yk pfoufwm ywfv;kH uawmh
jzifh b,fawmhrS a[m'DpdwfeJU rw&m;rIrsKd;udk rjzpfapawmhbl;/
EIwfeJY rw&m;rIrsKd;awGudk rjzpfapawmhbl;/ udk,feJY rw&m;rIrsKd;
awGukd rjzpfapawmhb;l vdYk qH;k jzwfoifo
h vm; rqH;k jzwfoifo
h vm;?
(qHk;jzwfoifhygw,f bk&m;)/ 'gav; qHk;jzwfMuw,fvdkY qdk&if
wu,fvnf; qHk;jzwfMuaemf/
b,fawmhrS 'Drw&m;rIo;kH rsK;d udak wmhjzifh um,uH rw&m;rI
oH;k rsK;d ? 0pDuH rw&m;rI av;rsK;d ? raemuH rw&m;rIo;kH rsK;d 'Drw&m;
rI q,frsK;d udak wmhjzifh wdw
Yk pfoufwmywfv;kH b,fawmhrS rjzpfap
awmhygbl;vdYk qH;k jzwfMuw,fq&kd if 'Dq;kH jzwfcsuu
f kd av;av;euf
eufjzpfatmif oH;k Burd af vmuf qH;k jzwfwt
hJ aeeJY om"k ac:Muprf;
(om"k..om"k..om"k)/

]]rw&m;&dS&if qif;&Jr,f}}
at; ..[kwNf y/D 'gudk wu,fvo
Ykd m qH;k jzwfMuw,fq&kd if
olu qH;k jzwfvu
kd w
f ,fq&kd ifvnf; Ny;D wmyJ/ wu,fvYkd qH;k jzwfwhJ
Mum;xJuawmifrS a[m..'Dro
d m;pkuav;aemf/ a[m'Drw&m;rI
q,frsKd;uvGwfNyDqdk&if a[m'D rdom;pkav;avmuf aysmfp&m
aumif;wJh rdom;pk &SdrSmr[kwfbl;/ bmjzpfvdkYwkef;/ vlqif;&Jwm
rw&m;qDrSm jzpfae&wm/ rw&m;r&Sd&if qif;udk rqif;&Jbl;/

- 29 -

o&P*HkESifh rdom;pkNidrf;csrf;a&;

vlawGuGJjym;w,fqdkwmu rw&m;MuvdkY uGJjym;Muwm/ a[m'D
rdom;pkav;rSm rw&m; r&Sad wmhb;l qd&k if 'Dro
d m;pkavmufv;kH pnf;
(pnf;vHk;)wm? 'Drdom;pkavmufnDñGwfwm? 'Drdom;pkavmuf wdk;
wufwm? 'Drdom;pkavmuf ywf0ef;usifuaeNyD;oumv qif;&J
'ku©ay;vdkYr&wm &Sdudkr&Sdbl; jzpfrSm/
'ghaMumifh a[m'Drw&m;rIudkawmhjzifh b,fawmhrS rvkyf
awmhbl;vdkY wpfa,mufcsif;uvnf; qHk;jzwfMu/ 'DvdkqHk;jzwfwJh
Mum;xJuawmifrS arharhavsmhavsmh? ayghaygh qquav;aerdvdkY
um,uH rw&m;xJu wpfcck u
k av;jzpfjzpf? 0pDurH w&m;xJuwpf
ckckuav;jzpfjzpf? raemuHrw&m;xJu wpfckckuav;jzpfjzpf
rawmfwq uav;rsm; usL;vGerf w
d mwdq
Yk w
kd maum r&SEd ikd b
f ;l vm;
&SEd ikd v
f m;? (&SEd ikd yf gw,fb&k m;)/ &SEd ikd w
f ,f/ &S&d ifb,fvv
kd yk Mf urwke;f
'gav;vnf;ajym&r,f/ wu,fv&Ykd &dS if &Sw
d o
hJ u
l ,
kd w
f ikd u
f t&ifod
&if 'Dro
d m;pkukd pkrpd rkH w
d t
hJ cgrSm xkwaf z:Ny;D oumv ig? uReaf wmf?
uRerf b,frw&m;rIuav;jzpfryd gw,fvYkd ud,
k u
f ,
kd w
f ikd f olrsm;u
rajym&cifuwnf;u ajymoifo
h vm; rajymoihb
f ;l ovm; ? (ajym
oifhygw,f bk&m;)/ ajymoifhw,f/
'DvdkrsKd; oludk,fwdkifu rSm;aeayr,fh um,uH? 0pDuH?
raemuH rSm;aeayr,fhvnf; olrSm;wm olawmifrS rodao;bl;
vdq
Yk v
kd nf; rodyv
J nf;aeEdik w
f ,f/ aeEdik af o;w,f/ rodao;bl;
vdq
Yk akd wmifrS wpfa,mufa,mufu odNyv
D q
Ykd &kd if odwo
hJ u
l aeNy;D
oumv rif;um,uH rSm;aew,faemf? jyifvdkuf/ 0pDuH rSm;ae
w,faemf? jyifvdkuf/ raemuH rSm;aew,faemf? jyifvdkufvdkY csKdcsKd
rdefrdef wzufvlem;0ifoGm;atmif azsmif;azsmif;zszs oGefoifNyD;
ay;oifo
h vm; ray;oifb
h ;l vm;? (ay;oifyh gw,fb&k m;)/ 'Dvkd ay;

- 30 -

o&P*HkESifh rdom;pkNidrf;csrf;a&;

vdkuf&ifaum ighudkolu trSm;vdkYpGyfpGJcH&av;jcif;vdkY pdwfysufrSm
vm; 0rf;omrSmvm;? (0rf;omrSmyg bk&m;)/ 0rf;om&rSmaemf/
0rfomNy;D oumv tJ'o
D u
l aeNy;D awmh atmf ..igrSm;aeovm;/
tJ'D rSm;aewmav;udk ud,
k u
f ,
kd w
f ikd f rodvYkd olrsm;uajymvku
d v
f Ykd
odNyDqdkawmhawmifrS 'DtrSm;udk ig0efcHyghr,f/ 'DtrSm;rsKd;udk
aemufudk igb,fawmhrS rjzpfap&ygbl;vdkY 0efcsoifhovm;
rcsoif h b l ; vm;? (0ef c soif h y gw,f b k & m;)/ wu,f v d k Y r sm;
rSm;wJo
h u
l rsm; olu,
kd f wdik yf o
J v
d Ykd trSm;udk 0efcs0efcs? ud,
k u
f ,
kd f
wdkif rodawmifrS olrsm;uajymvdkY od&NyD;wJhaemufydkif;rSm 0efcs
0efcs 'DtrSm;[m aysmufysuo
f mG ;wJt
h wGuf 'Dro
d m;pk[m csr;f ajrh
rSmvm; qif;&JrSmvm;? (csrf;ajrhrSmygbk&m;)/ csrf;ajrhrSm/
'ghaMumifh eHygwfwpf? w&m;usifhoHk;wJhtcgrSm b,fvdkrS
'Drw&m;rsK;d rjzpfap&ygbl;vdYk qH;k jzwfyg/ a[m'Dro
d m;pkuav;xJrmS
&SdMuwJholawGu/ eH y gwf E S p f ? wu,fvdkYrS tJ'DvdkqHk;jzwfwJh
Mum;xJuawmifrS ukwu
f w
k u
f yfuyfeYJ rodvu
kd rf odbmomtrSm;?
wyg;yg;udk usL;vGefao;w,fvdkYqdk&if odvdkufwJhtcsdefrSm ig0efcH
r,fvdkY qHk;jzwfoifhovm; rqHk;jzwfoifhbl;vm;? (qHk;jzwfoifh
ygw,f bk&m;) qHk;jzwfoifhw,f/ wu,fvdkY ig rodvdkY&Sd&ifvnf;
olrsm;u ajymqdzk t
Ykd wGuf ajymqdck siaf tmif igaexkid rf ,fvaYkd um
qH;k jzwfoifo
h vm; rqH;k jzwfoifb
h ;l vm;? (qH;k jzwfoifyh gw,fb&k m;)
qHk;jzwfoifhw,f/
bmjzpfvw
Ykd ek ;f qdk olrsm;uajymvm&if ud,
k u
f auwdum
wdeJY rif;ighudk'Dvdkajym&vm;/ bmvm;nmvm;eJY wa[mufw[JeJY
vkyfvdkufvdkY&Sd&ifaum olrsm;u ajym0Hhyghrvm;? (rajym0Hhygbl;
bk&m;)/ rajym0Hhbl;/ rajym0HhvdkY&Sd&if b,folurS udk,frSm;wm

- 31 -

o&P*HkESifh rdom;pkNidrf;csrf;a&;

ajymrSmr[kwfbl;/ rSm;wmrajymvdkY 'Drdom;pkxJrSm trSm;wpf
a,mufa,muf&SdaeNyDqdk&if ajymvnf;rajym&uf? ajymvnf;
rajymcsif? ajymvdkYuvnf;rjzpfeJY 'DtrSm;BuD;vufcHxm;&if
'Drdom;pk nDñGwfygtHk;rvm;? (rnDñGwfygbl;bk&m;)/ rnDñGwf
awmhbl;qdk&if 'Drdom;pk [maysmfyghrvm;? (raysmfEdkifygbl;bk&m;)/
raysmfawmhbl;vdkYqdk&if tjyifrSmaysmfp&m r&Sm&aybl;vm;? (&Sm&
ygw,f bk&m;)/ tjyifrSm aysmfp&m&Sm&NyDqdkuwnf;u rnDñGwf
bl;qdk&if ae&xkdif&raumif;awmhbl;/ bmrSvnf; rvkyfcsifawmh
bl;/ 'Drdom;pkqdkif&mrSmvnf;yJ pm;a&;? 0wfa&;? aea&;? xkdifa&;
vnf;yJ rjzpfvdkYvkyfae&ayr,fvdkY odyf[kwf[kwf[wf[wfvdk
odyfrygcsifawmhbl; jzpfvmvdrfhr,f/
'Dawmh a[m'guav;udkawmhjzifh cifAsm;wdkYrw&m;udk
apmifhxdef;MuvdkY ajymoifhovm; rajymoifhovm;? (ajymoifhyg
w,f bk&m;)/ tJ'aD wmhjzifh wdw
Yk pfawG rw&m;udk odNy/D 'Drw&m;udk
jrwfpmG bk&m;ajymcJw
h hJ a[m'Drw&m;awGuakd wmhjzifh a&Smif&mS ;r,f/
'Drdom;pkxJ wdkYaeae&&ifvnf; 'Drdom;pktwGif;xJrSm a&Smif&Sm;
r,f/ wjcm;rdom;pkxJ rSmwdaYk &mufomG ;vdYk ae&&ifvnf; tJ'w
D jcm;
rdom;pkxrJ mS a&Smif&mS ;r,f/ b,fro
d m;pkrS jzpfjzpf vleYJ vlcsi;f om
qufqH&&if igwdkYrSmawmhjzifh 'Drw&m;uawmhjzifh b,fawmhrS
rjzpfapawmhbl;vdkY 'Dvdka&Smif&Sm;r,fvdkY qHk;jzwfvdkY&Sd&if 'Dvl[m
wdk;wufp&m&Sdovm; usqHk;p&m&Sdovm;? (wkd;wufp&m &Sdygw,f
bk&m;)/ wkd;wufp&m&Sdw,f/
vlawGrmS rwd;k wufMubl; usq;kH Muw,f/ &Sw
d ahJ e&mwdik ;f rSm
jyóem [dv
k w
kd ;kd 'Dvw
kd ;kd qdw
k m bmurS r[kwb
f ;l / wpfa,mufeYJ
wpfa,mufqufqHa&;uae pjzpfwm/ wpfa,mufeJYwpfa,muf

- 32 -

o&P*HkESifh rdom;pkNidrf;csrf;a&;

qufqHa&;rSm vHk;0txmrusyJeJY? tpD;tan§mfruyfyJeJY? wpf
vH;k wpfpnf;xJrjzpfyeJ YJ wpfpw
d w
f pf0rS ;f xJ rjzpfyvm;vdq
Yk v
kd &Ykd &dS if
'Dtaygif;toif;rSmuawmhjzifh wu,fu
h kd ql;an§mifch vkwaf wGjzpf
NyD/ raygif;yJaewmuawmif aumif;tHk;r,fvdkY ajym&rvdk&Sdw,f/
'Dawmh 'guav;udk txyfxyftvDvD b,fawmhrS i,fwhJ
oluvnf; i,fwJholtavsmuf? vwfwJholuvnf; vwfwJh
oltavsmuf? BuD;wJholuvnf; BuD;wJhol tavsmuf b,fawmhrS
wdkY a'gorjzpfapawmhbl;/ b,fawmhrS wdkYavmbrjzpfapawmh
bl;/ b,fawmhrS ighwdkYrmeawG rjzpfapawmhbl;/ b,fawmhrS wdkY
rw&m;awG rjzpfapawmhbl;vdkY a[m'DvdkqHk;jzwfMu/ wu,fvdkYrS
[dkuaeNyD;oumv um,uHtrSm;? 0pDuHtrSm;? raemuHtrSm;
'DtrSm;awG usL;vGefzefusL;vGefzefrsm;ae&if avmbawG rBuD;
aybl;vm;? (BuD;vmygw,f bk&m;)/ a'goawGaum BuD;rvmay
bl;vm;? (Bu;D vmygw,f bk&m;)/ ud,
k u
f rSm;wmvkyv
f u
kd v
f &Ykd &dS if
udk,frSm;wJhtwGuf wzufvluvnf; trSm;wpfckeJYjyef raxay
bl;vm;? (axygw,f bk&m;)/ 'DtrSm; taxcH&vdYk &S&d if taxcH
&wJh oluaum remaybll;vm;? (emygw,f bk&m;)/ em&vdkY&Sd&if
avmbuaum rBu;D aybl;vm;? (Bu;D ygw,f bk&m;)/ avmbBu;D
vmrSm/ a'gouaumBuD; rvmaybl;vm;? (BuD;ygw,f bk&m;)/
a'gouvnf;BuD;vmrSm/
udk,femwJhtwGuf a'gouBuD;vm/ tJovdka'goBuD;vdkY
rcsrf;omwJhtwGuf csrf;omr,fh[m [dkvdkjzwfvrf;eJY 'Dvdkjzwf
vrf;eJY &SmvdkYrdkYvdkY avmbuvnf;BuD;/ tJovdk avmbBuD; a'go
BuD;jzpfvmawmh vlYtaygif;cuf toif;cuf? vlYatmfaMumvef?
vl&Y &HG mS pufqyk pf &maumif;wJh tzd;k rwefwhJ tESpo
f m&rJw
h hJ vljzpf

- 33 -

o&P*HkESifh rdom;pkNidrf;csrf;a&;

oGm;vdrrhf ,f/ a[movkd rjzpfatmiftwGuf a[m'Dw&m;udak wmh
jzifh b,fenf;eJjY zpfjzpf xde;f odr;f apmifah &Smuf? apmifx
h ed ;f Mu/ rajym
&aybl;vm;/

]]rSm;wmawGU&if tJ'DtrSm;jyifr,fvdkU . . .}}
atmf ..aumif;NyD/ 'Dvdkqdk&if 'Dw&m;udk igwdkYawmhjzifh?
vleo
YJ mxd&ifawmhjzifh b,fvrkd S rrSm;apawmhb;l a[hvUkd qk;H jzwfNy;D
wJah emufyikd ;f rSm qufNy;D bmav;vkyo
f ifh ovJvq
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rrSm;bl;vm;vdYk owdrxm;oifb
h ;l vm; xm;oifo
h vm;? (xm;oifh
ygw,fbk&m;)/ qHk;jzwfNyD;wJhaemufydkif;rSmaemf/ owdxm;,Hkwif
vm;/ wu,fvYkd rSm;wmawGU&if 'DtrSm;udk jyifr,fa[hvYkd qH;k jzwf
oifo
h vm; rqH;k jzwfoifb
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rSm;Mu&if jzpfyGm;wJh rw&m;Mu&ifjzpfyGm;r,fh 'ku©awG[m b,fyHk
b,fenf;Bu;D rqH;k Ekid af tmif rD;cd;k <uufavQmufrqH;k jzpfw,fvq
Ykd w
kd hJ
tawG;tac:rsK;d udak um awG;oifo
h vm; rawG;oifb
h ;l vm;? (awG;
oifyh gw,f bk&m;)/ 'Dvq
kd &kd if ud,
k &fh UJ ud,
k v
f ufvyI &f mS ;rIuav;yJ
jzpfjzpf? udk,fh&JUpm;rI0wfrIuav;yJ jzpfjzpf? vkyfrIudkifrIuav;yJ
jzpfjzpf? ig'Dvakd jymvdu
k ?f ig'Dvv
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k ?f ig'Dvo
kd mG ;
vdkuf&if ig[m 'ku©rsm;jzpfaprSmvm;/ ig[m wu,f'ku©rsm;
vGwaf prSmvm;/ ighu,
kd f igrsm;wcgwnf; ywf0ef;usiu
f kd rw&m;rI
awGrsm; jzpfaprSmvm;/ rw&m;rIuyJ vGwfaprSmvm;vdkY tawG;
tac: vdkufoifhovm;? rvdkufoifhbl;vm;? (vdkufoifhygw,f
bk&m;)/
wpfa,mufeJY wpfa,muf aygif;oif;aeMu xdkifMuw,f
qdw
k m vlwpfa,mufeYJ wpfa,muf xdrq
d ufrw
d ,fq&kd if ighaMumifh

- 34 -

o&P*HkESifh rdom;pkNidrf;csrf;a&;

wpfzwfvlawGrsm; 'ku©a&mufrSmvm;? igvkyfaewmrsm; rSm;aeNyD
vm;? tawG;tac:av;awG vkyfMu/ owdxm;Mu/ wu,fvdkY
rSm;w,fqdk&if jyifr,fvdkYvnf;yJ vHkYvxm;Mu/ xm;oifhovm;?
rxm;oifb
h ;l vm;? (xm;oifyh gw,f bk&m;)/ tJvrkd sm; rSm;&ifawmh
'daYk &Smif&mS ;r,f? rSm;ovm;? rrSm;bl;vm;vnf; owdxm;r,f? rSm;&if
awmhjzifh 'kua© &mufwhJ twdik ;f txGmawGuv
kd nf;yJ odatmif igwdYk
uae avhvmyGm;rsm;r,fqNkd y;D oumv a[m'Dq;kH jzwfcsuf oH;k csuf
yg aemufxyfxyfNy;D Mum;&w,fq&kd if rSm;&if csucf si;f rjyifEikd af y
bl;vm;? (jyifEikd yf gw,f bk&m;)/ rSm;wmudak um wdwu
d sus rSm;wm
&JU &&drS ,fh 'kuw
© &m;udk jywfjywfom;om; odEikd rf vm;? rodEikd b
f ;l
vm;? (odEdkifygw,f bk&m;)/

]]Nidrf;csrf;wm edAÁmef}}
tJ'v
D kd odEikd w
f hJ tqifo
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rrSm;MuawmhwJhtwGuf wpftdrfxJrSm wpfa,mufeJY wpfa,muf
tBu;D ? ti,f? t½G,t
f vwftjzpfeYJ jcm;Ny;D aeMuOD;awmhawmifrS
pdwfcsif;u uGJjym;NyD;aeMuOD;awmhrSmvm;? (raeMuawmhygbl;
bk&m;)/ tJ'Dvdkrsm; pdwfcsif;uGJjym;NyD; raeMuawmhbl;qdk&if wpf
a,muftusdK; wpfa,muf n§mn§mwmwm az;az;rr MuifMuif
emem ,k,,
k ,eJY b,fou
l b,fou
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rSm pnf;vHk;NyD; roGm;aybl;vm;? (oGm;ygw,ff bk&m;)/ tJvdkrsm;
pnf;vHk;NyD;oGm;NyDvdkYqdkvdkY&dS&if bmvkyfudkif&rSm? wGufuyfwm
bmvkyu
f ikd &f rSm 0efav;wm? b,fou
l bmrvkycf siw
f m? b,fol
urS bmwmvkyfcsifwmwdkYqdkwJh jyóemawG ay:OD;awmhrSmvm;?

- 35 -

o&P*HkESifh rdom;pkNidrf;csrf;a&;

(ray:awmhygbl; bk&m;)/ ray:awmhbl;vdkYqdk&if 'DvlawG[m
qif;&JMurSmvm;? Nidrf;csrf;MurSmvm;? (Nidrf;csrf;MurSmyg bk&m;)/
tJ'Dvdk Nidrf;csrf;wmudk; 'dkYAk'¨bmomw&m; awGvdkcsifwJh edAÁmef
. . ./ edAÁmefodNyDvm;? (odygNyD bk&m;)/ odNyD/
rdom;pkBu;D wpfcx
k rJ mS wpf,mufew
YJ pfa,muf wd;k oH? usw
d f
oHawG b,fvrkd S rxGuaf wmhyJ wpfa,mufeYJ wpfa,muf ae&wm
awG aysmfvdkY? MunfvdkY? vef;vdkY? qef;vdkY 'Dvdkav;aexdkif&wm[m
edAmÁ ef . . ./ edAmÁ efoNd yv
D m;? (odygNyD bk&m;)/ 'DedAÁmef[m tvdk
tavsmuf tacsmif rusifhyJeJY&vmrSmvm;? usifhrS&rSmvm;
vm;?
(usifhrS &rSmyg bk&m;)/ usifhrS&rSm/ ckeu ajymcJhwJhw&m;awGudk
rusifhyJeJY &rvm;? (r&ygbl; bk&m;)/ r&bl;? 'Dvdkqdk&if edAÁmef
a&mufaMumif; tusiw
hf &m;udak um odNyv
D m;? rodb;l vm;? (odygNyD
bk&m;)/ 'Dvdkqdk&if 'ku©a&mufaMumif;jzpfwJh rw&m;wmawGvkyf
'kua© &mufr,fvq
Ykd akd wmh 'kua© &mufaMumif; tusiu
hf akd um odNyD
vm;? rodbl;vm;? (odygNyD bk&m;)/ 'DvdkrsdK; wpfa,mufeJY wpf
a,muf nL;nL; nHnHeJY toHyvHawGxGufNyD; wpfa,mufudk wpf
a,muf remvdk nLpl apmifajrmif;NyD; tJ'Dvdk jzpfae&ifaum 'ku©
Nidrf;rSmvm; 'ku©&rSmvm;? ('ku©&rSmyg bk&m;)/ uJ'Dvdkqdk&if 'ku©
udkaum rodbl;vm;? (odygw,f bk&m;)/ vlrI'ku©qdkwm vlwpf
a,mufeJY wpfa,muf aygif;oif;qufqHvdkufwJhtcgrSm wpf
a,mufeYJ wpfa,muf rajyrvnfeYJ ndK;ndK;nifnif toHyvHawG
xGufaewm 'ku© . . ./ 'D'ku©udk vdkvm;Muovm;? rvdkvm;
Mubl;vm;? (rvdkvm;Muygbl; bk&m;)/ 'ku©udkvnf; odNyDvdkYqdk&if
tJ''D u
k u
© v
kd nf; rvdv
k m;bl;vdq
Yk &kd if a&Smif&mS ;Edik rf mS vm;? ra&Smif
&Sm;Edkifbl; vm;? (a&Smif&Sm;Edkifygw,f bk&m;)/ a&Smif;&Sm;Edkifr,f/

- 36 -

o&P*HkESifh rdom;pkNidrf;csrf;a&;

uJ 'Dawmh 'umBuD; bdk;wifhvGifwdkY rdom;pkav;jzpfwJh 'dkYrd
om;pkav;vdkaewJh a[m'D rdom;pkav;? tJ'Dvdk 'ku©a&mufwm
&,f ? 'ku©a&mufaMumif;&,f? 'ku©Nidrf;w,fqdkwJh edAÁmef&,f?
tJ'DedAÁmefa&mufaMumif; tusifhjrwf&,
,f 'Dtcsuu
f av; av;
csuu
f kd oabmaygufNy;D vm;? raygufb;l vm;? (aygufygNyD bk&m;)/
aygufMuNyDvdkY qdkvdk&dS&if 'ku©a&mufwJhvrf;udk vdkufrSmvm;?
'ku©Nidrf;wJhvrf;udk vdkufrSmvm;? ('ku©Nidrf;wJhvrf;udk vdkufrSmyg
bk&m;)/ 'ku©Nidrf;wJh vrf;vdkufrSmqdkwJhtwdkif; jywfjywfom;om;
b,fvrkd S trSm;t,Gi;f tcRwt
f acsmrf &daS tmif vdu
k Ef ikd Mf uygapvdYk
wu,fh OD;Zif;wdkY&JU arwåmawG? apwemawG yGm;rsm;wmudk 0rf;
ajrmuf0rf;om om"ktEkarm'em ac:NyD;oumv OD;Zif;wdkY&JU
a[m'Dw&m;"r®av;udk ed*;kH csKyMf uawmhpAYkd sm? uJ om"k ac:ay;Mu
.../
om"k . . . om"k . . . om"k