What is OHSAS 18000 / OHSAS 18001?

Aimed at management of health and safety, OHSAS 18000 (sometimes mistakenly called "OHSA" or "OSHA 18000") is not a Standard the way ISO 9000 / ISO 9001 and ISO 14000 / ISO 14001 are. OHSAS 18000 / OHSAS 18001 is an assessment series published by a British standards institution. Since there is not yet an official ISO health/safety management standard, OHSAS 18001 has achieved a certain level of international acceptance. But it has not gone through the exhaustive development and deliberative ISO process that involves all affected stakeholders worldwide. Therefore OHSAS 18000 / OHSAS 18001 is not, properly speaking, a Standard, but actually a "specification." OHSAS 18001 requires you to identify health/safety hazards and risks associated with your operations, eliminate or at least control those hazards / risks, and demonstrate improvement by minimizing and/or eliminating illness and injury. To comply with and become registered to OHSAS 18000 / OHSAS 18001, the organization must: ◦ Determine the health and safety hazards and risks associated with its operations; ◦ Identify health / safety laws / regulations pertinent to its operations; ◦ Design and implement controls to eliminate or at least manage health / safety hazards / risks; ◦ Establish improvement programs and set targets, goals, and measurement methods to track the effectiveness of the controls.

Z-10 more strongly expresses the responsibility of top management for providing all forms of resources necessary for effective imp and operation. ensure affected employees are competent through training or other means. it follows the same PDCA (plan / do / check / act) model of ISO 9000 / ISO 9001 and ISO 14000 / ISO 14001. Generally speaking. Z-10 is more detailed and more prescriptive.The organization must also establish and communicate its health / safety policy. For instance: ◦ The responsibilities of top management are strongly defined. by requiring ongoing reviews. maintain records. ◦ Like 18000. But there are significant differences between Z-10 and 18000. But Z-10 prescribes a hierarchy of responses to identified hazards/risks. In particular. What's the difference between OHSAS 18001 and ANSI Z-10? ANSI Z-10 (more formally. Like OHSAS 18000 / OHSAS 18001. submit the system and its status and results to regular management review. and appropriately document the system. ANSI/AIHA Z-10 2005) is a relatively new American national standard for safety management. ◦ Z-10 obviously requires that controls be put in place to manage identified risks and hazards. internally audit its 18000 system. . ranging in order of priority from elimination to personal protective equipment. But it openly recognizes change and the necessity for managing change. Z-10 requires hazard/risk analysis.

while health/safety laws/regulations are about maintaining a health/safety performance status quo. and training must be provided "in languages trainees can understand.e. OHSAS 18001 also mandates a number of significant support processes. OHSAS 18000 / OHSAS 18001 certainly calls for health/safety management controls that you doubtless already have in place in compliance with the law. Trainer competence must be verified. OHSAS 18000 / OHSAS 18001 goes beyond that to require health/safety performance improvement. Z-10 pretty much mandates testing of emergency responses (i. including employee training. But besides those "core processes" for health/safety management. Even more significant. . performance measurement. ◦ Unlike 18000. management of documents and records.◦ Z-10 is very specific in its requirements for identification and control of associated hazards and risks pertaining to contractors and visitors. etc. Training of contractors is mentioned. If we already comply with health/safety laws. drills) ◦ The training requirement is more specific and prescriptive." Management review is called for and the requirement is (as with ISO 9000 / ISO 9001) much more detailed and prescriptive. aren't we also compliant with OHSAS 18001? No.

In this. the benchmark for health/safety performance standards are those mandated by health/safety regulations. Clearly. OHSAS 18001 is known. recognized. ◦ Boost international acceptance and credibility. implement OHSAS 18001 to demonstrate their good citizenship and/or to set themselves apart from competitors. and other interested parties.What kinds of health/safety performance standards does OHSAS 18001 prescribe? None. Moreover. such as key customers. the general public. not under customer coercion. it is intended to apply to any organization deploying any process anywhere in the world. But a core theme of OHSAS 18001 is improvement in these areas beyond the minimal benchmarks of regulatory compliance. OHSAS 18000 / OHSAS 18001 is way too general and generic for that. What kinds of organizations implement OHSAS 18000 / OHSAS 18001? The majority of organizations implementing OHSAS 18001 today do so in response to pressure from outsiders. Others. OHSAS 18000 / OHSAS 18001 is similar to quality management standards. OHSAS 18000 / OHSAS 18001 is a "good . What are the external benefits of an OHSAS 18000 / OHSAS 18001 system? ◦ Satisfies the demands of current or prospective customers for registration. ◦ Increase acceptance by regulators. and accepted without question.

systematize practices. ISO. and local. ◦ Improves business performance. ◦ Provides blueprint for controlled.) leaves or changes jobs. A well designed. With an OHSAS health/safety management system. What are the internal benefits of an OHSAS 18000 / OHSAS 18001 system? ◦ Transforms your operation from detection mode to prevention mode. and ensure management accountability as the organization expands. etc. customers. regulators. "Alphabet guy" – OHSA. and comply with. That can help you prevent getting NOV's because you forgot to send an annual . ◦ Strengthens regulatory compliance.e. Some organizationis see OHSAS health/safety management systems as a way to organize the business. etc. records. ◦ Creates consistency throughout the organization built around "best practices". With an OHSAS health/safety management system you can demonstrate that you are aware of. More people share more information and accountability for key safety tasks. the laws and regulations that pertain to you: federal.citizen" credential. disciplined growth. filings. Registration to OHSAS 18001 puts your organization on the identical level of excellence shared by organizations of all kinds worldwide. You'll also have airtight control of important schedules. Keeps you prepared for external audits and inspections – i. An OHSAS health/safety management system distributes responsibility and accountability across the work force.e. etc. well implemented OHSAS health/safety management system can help lessen workplace illness and injury. Result: tasks or processes don't collapse just because one person (i. Prevention is less work and less expense than detection. And each person carries his or her small share of the load. you mitigate or eliminate hazards and risks to protect the health and safety of employees and others. ◦ Places you in an elite category of businesses. ◦ Lessens dependency on key individuals. state.

nothing in a business is more important than improving health/safety performance. insurance costs. liability.without redundancy or duplication of effort.either all at once or on an incremental basis -. The required self-auditing function is even more powerful. And once they know their process. Their performance is tested against the road map. Must quality / environmental / health-safety management systems be separate? No. Except when the process changes. The quality and environmental Standards parallel OHSAS 18001 and have many significant elements in common. . You can implement an integrated business management system -. Internal auditing is an "early warning system" to help you spot health/safety threats – giving you the chance to address and resolve them before they are detected by others. ◦ Improves management oversight. New people to the process are trained using the road map. This gives management objective data upon which to base decisions. -. For many reasons -. An effective OHSAS health/safety management system incorporates monitoring and measurement of key performance indicators in health/safety.employee morale. Facilitates continual improvement. An OHSAS health/safety management system is like a collection of road maps. ◦ Ensures consistent training. And then management review provides management with solid data.$200 fee in. etc. in which case the road map changes and people are retrained to it.not to mention simple human concern for the welfare of others -. Each road map provides direction from one end of a process to the other.that addresses quality as well as environmental management along with health/safety management -. They refer to the road map while they're learning. enabling management to make decisions based on facts and evidence. rather than after. they don't need to refer to the road map anymore.

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