There were two twin brothers of the Cao family.

Their names were Tan for the eldest brother, and Lang for the youngest one. They got schooling with a Taoist named Chu Chu who lived with his eighteen-year old daughter. He then married her to Tân, and the young couple lived their conjugal life happily. But, Lang found out that his brother treated him less intimately since he got married. In fact, Lang left the house wandering around the country. He reached a larger river and couldn't cross it. Not even a small boat was in the vicinity to transport him to the other side of the river. He was so sad that he kept on weeping till death and was transformed into a lime-stone lying by the river side. Troubled by the long absence of his brother, Tân went out to look for him. When he reached the riverside he sat on the lime-stone and died by exhaustion and weariness. He was transformed into an areca tree. The young woman in turn was upset by the long absence of her husband and got out for a search. She reached the same place where the areca tree had grown, leaned against the tree and died, transformed into a plant with large piquant leaves climbing on the areca tree. Hearing of this tragic love story, local inhabitants in the area set up a temple to their memory. One day, King Hùng went by the site and gained knowledge of this story from local people. He ordered his men to take and ground together a leaf of betel, an areca nut and a piece of lime. A juice as red as human blood was squeezed out from the melange. He tasted the juice and found it delicious. Then he recommended the use of betel chewed along with areca nut and lime at every marital ceremony. From this time on, chewing betel became a custom for Vietnamese, and very often they began their conversation with a quid of betel. In the 'Sasa Jataka' or the birth-story of the Bodhi Satva as a 'hare', it is said in this legend, that the Bodhi Satva, offered himself the 'Sakra' the King of Gods. God 'Sakra' who wanted to test the 'hares' genuineness appeared before him in the guise of a demon, and asked the 'hare'. Are you really sincere to your desire to please the Gods, by doing all the good you can?" When the 'hare' said 'yes', the demon replied "Prove it by giving me a meal, and preaching a sermon; but 'remember' he added, when he saw the 'hare' looking around to see what he could give the demon to eat. I eat only flesh - yes, roasted flesh. This placed the 'hare' in a rather difficult position'. Where can I find flesh in this wilderness", it asked helplessly. That is your problem. Growled the demon. "I am not concerned with that", replied the demon. If I am to believe in the sincerity of your desire to please God, you should grant me my request". Thus the "hare" was placed in much more difficult position. "There is only the flesh of my body to offer you, but when you have eaten me up, how will it be possible for me to preach a sermon?" That is your problem growled the demon. If you want to please the Gods, grant me my request. 'Alright', said the 'hare' but you must erect a mountain first where we are standing and put me on top of it. From there I shall leap thro' space into a fire you will kindle at the foot of the mountain, and while I am descending. I shall preach you the sermon.

This strange meal burnt his throat. It is believed that Uma devi planted them around a mango tree.The demon agreed. Having done this Sakra threw away the brush which came tumbling to earth. After the cremation of the naga king. so pleased 'Sakra' that he stood up and caught the 'hare' in its arms. the naga watched the spot. brought bundles of betel from Nagaloka. He created a mountain and lit a fire at the foot of it. The creeping branches of the betel vine thus sprang up from the nagas tail. the 'hare' commenced the sermon and leapt off the mountain. There is legendary belief that betel vine sprouted the funeral pier of the naga king. As the brush touched the earth. the leaves. Thus the betel received the name Nagavalli . God Sakra took a golden brush and painted the likeness of the 'hare' on the face of the moon.the serpent creeper. . from its body the main stem. In its headlong flight continued to preach. and from its hood. mistook the brush to be something edible and swallowed it. This may be the reason why betel is called giri-da-dalu. The King of Nagaloka. To commemorate this act of self sacrifice. He then placed the 'hare' on the mountain. which thrived well. The nagas who fought strongly for the gem chair at Kalaniya. and the Naga king Muchalinda died after seven days. the ground opened and let the brush sink to a place called the Nagaloka. and took it to the world of Gods. and hence you see why betel is called dalu-mura. and 'da' meaning burnt. This act of devotion. the world of cobras. 'Giri' meaning throat. When the fire was ready. The demon then crouched himself by the fire. When Lord Buddha pacified them by his exhortations. they went back. leaving behind the betel.

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