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Connection One - Center for Communication Circuits & Systems Research Center (CCCS

Arizona State University, Sayfe Kiaei, Director, 480.727.8044, University of Arizona, Jeff Rodriguez, 520.621.8732, University of Hawaii, Magdy Iskander, 808.956.3434, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Michael Shur, 518.276.2201, Ohio State University, John Volakis, 614.292.5846, Center website:

Meta-Ground Plane for Airborne Radar and Electronic Warfare Systems
Researchers with the Center for Communication Circuits & Systems Research Center (CCCS Connection One) have developed a metaground plane for Ultra low-profile UHF wideband sensors used in airborne radar and electronic warfare systems that require wideband, low frequency (UHF) antennas for roadside mind detection. These sensors offer a small, light weight and low loss solution to an ever growing problem. TV and cell-phone base station antennas can be glued on the fuselages, rooftops, or sidewalls of buildings. An application of this small UHF antenna is for sensors capable of locating targets concealed under trees and forests. The meta-ground plane will drastically reduce the profile of such bulky antenna systems on UAVs, thus, increasing their ability to accomplish their missions. No prior art existed to solve this problem without penalties in weight, gain, and efficiency. For more information contact John Volakis at The Ohio State University, 614.292.5846,

Meta-Ground Plane for Airborne Radar and Electronic Warfare Systems 97

Connection One - Center for Communication Circuits & Systems Research Center (CCCS)

Cellular PA Bandwidth & Efficiency Improvement
As mobile wireless communication devices evolve from voice-centric to data-centric, the data rate expectations have increased dramatically. The resulting signal processing, done primarily in the digital domain, has benefited greatly from semiconductor advances following Moore's Law. However the RF power amplification function has experienced extreme pressure for increased linearity to support more complicated modulation, wider bandwidths due to higher data rates. All this while maintaining or improving power efficiency. Researchers the Center for Communication Circuits & Systems Research Center (CCCS - Connection One) have produced breakthroughs in terms of the balance among these three key parameters. The result has been significantly improved PA bandwidth and efficiency. Future cellular PA architectures will utilize some of these techniques for 3G (UMTS) and future (3GPP-LTE) systems. For more information, contact Sayfe Kiaei, 480.727.7761,, Bertan Bakkaloglu, 480.727.0293,, or Jennifer Desai Kitchen, All are at Arizona State University.

Universal Wireless Transceiver for World Phones
The ultimate goal in cellular communications is ubiquity: a world phone that is adaptable to all systems, such as GSM and WCDMA, as well as distinct frequency bands. In order to implement this phone, a highly efficient monolithic power system is needed in transceivers of continuously decreasing size. Two major components in transmitter architecture are the power amplifier and its modulator, because they dominate over 70% of the power consumption in handsets and consume a significant portion of the handset's volume. Therefore, altering the power amplifier topology to lower the demand on their bulky passive filters while simultaneously increasing the efficiency and linearity is essential when realizing high-efficiency monolithic transmitter architectures. A new method using a noise shaping technique to modulate the controller integrated circuits in switched-mode converters and power amplifiers reduces the demand on the output filters of the structures. High efficiency and linearity is accomplished with a novel power amplifier topology using a combination of either signal noise or pulse shaping and the Kahn technique. The new architecture for a switch-mode power amplifier has higher efficiency than other techniques. It eliminates the need for a filter in the supply modulator by switching the drain of the PA and pushing the noise of the switching modulator to higher frequencies. The new topology presents a multimode, monolithic, highly efficient, linear power amplifier for use in future wireless handsets as well as other RF communication devices requiring minimum power dissipation. For more information, contact Sayfe Kiaei, 480.727.7761,

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