F O A M G L A S ® I N S U LAT I O N S Y S T E M S

Pittsburgh Corning USA (Corporate Headquarters) 800 Presque Isle Drive Pittsburgh, PA 15239 Telephone: 1-724-327-6100 FAX: 1-724-387-3807 Pittsburgh Corning Corporation Asia (Asia Headquarters) Pittsburgh Corning Corporation 3-7-4-304 Hikarigaoka Nerima-ku, Tokyo, Japan 179-0072 Telephone & Fax: 011 81-3-5997-0248 Pittsburgh Corning Europe NV (Europe / Middle East Africa Headquarters) Albertkade, 1 B-3980 Tessenderlo Belgium Telephone: +32-13-66-17-21 Fax: +32-13-66-78-54

P ro t e c t i n g C o m p a n ie s a n d T h e ir Pe o p le Wo r ld wid e

www.foamglas.com

for Industrial Applications wi th Operating Temperatures of -268°C to +482°C (-450°F to +900°F)

FI-201 5M Rev. 2/09 Replaces Rev. 12/04

.. 2 Section 2: Properties/Benefits/Applications ......................23 Section 12: Insulation Thicknesses for ............................................ Pittsburgh Corning offers a full line of complementery accessory products.... each laboratoryand service-proven to provide Energy Survey Service Pittsburgh Corning offers this service free to all prospective clients to assist in planning for building renovations and to identify deteriorating insulation systems.. FESI...... are also available from your local sales personnel........... Worldwide Availability With plants in the U........... a millions-of-units inventory and ready availability... CEPMC.............31 Section 16: Accessory Materials .. UL and FM....... tanks and other equipment.. Pittsburgh Corning is ISO 9001:2000 certified with registered production processes regarding quality control..... and Europe......... EARs assist systems designers in specifying the proper insulation thicknesses for above or below ground pipelines and for storage vessels.. application and materials testing—standardized and customized specifications—on-site customer assistance and installation guidance. ASHRAE..... SERVICE VALUES Equally critical to product performance is the added value of Pittsburgh Corning’s support services to ensure that the product is smoothly and properly incorporated into the customer’s requirements................ CEN....... The survey is conducted on-site and can result in energy savings and condensation-ice control.. CD-ROM presentations and literature..17 Section 8: Vermin Resistance .33 FOAM G LAS ® CELLULAR GLASS INSULATION I S PROVEN VALUE PRODUCT VALUES FOAMGLAS® cellular glass insulation is the result of more than a half-century of proven performance and continual product improvement by Pittsburgh Corning Corporation.. including ASTM......11 Section 6: Dimensional Stability .. FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS 2 .................... Technical Service Pittsburgh Corning’s Technical Service Staff provides product.. CSI... Developed with customer-specific data subjected to computer analysis and other calculations..19 Section 10: Selection Guide.. Selection and Experience FOAMGLAS® insulation is comprised of a family of seven material grades providing the precise properties and performance for your specific applications................ The result is an ever-growing series of application and regional certifications and approvals (see page 18) that provide you will complete assurance of materials compliance for a variety of installations.... the developer of cellular glass insulation..26 Process Piping Section 13: Insulation Thicknesses for .. NACE.21 Section 11: Temperature Limits ..... Billions of units have been installed throughout the world in thousands of industries and operations..... and insulation thicknesses required to prevent condensation....13 Section 7: Compressive Strength ...................... Typical reports present heat flow rates..... UDI............. Specialized reports are available for: • Underground pipelines • Predicting outlet temperatures • Estimating exit pressure and quality of steam for long steamlines • Determining the time for water and sewage to freeze in pipelines • Calculating heat flow and interface temperatures for tank base systems Requests for EARs can be made through your local Pittsburgh Corning representative.....S. maximum performance specifically with FOAMGLAS® cellular glass insulation.. interface and surface temperatures.... Training videos.... NIA....INTRODUCTION SECTION 1 T AB L E O F C O NTENTS Section 1: Introduction ... resulting in our exclusive Energy Analysis Report (EAR). Industry Support Pittsburgh Corning supports technical and trade and certifying organizations...... Sales Support A system of local sales representatives and distributors are available for consultation and problem resolution....... 3 Section 3: Moisture Resistance ......... 7 Section 5: Chemical Durability ...... Pittsburgh Corning offers and Energy/Economic Analysis Service.............. Energy Analysis Service To simplify your insulation specification process......28 Underground Installation Section 15: General Specifications .....com... Literature is also available electronically on our website at: www.......... project and facility....27 Personnel Protection Section 14: Above Ground and ...... Accessory Products In addition.........................18 Section 9: Properties and Certifications .....foamglas... Pittsburgh Corning can uniquely provide consistency of supply.. from -450°F to +900°F (-286°C to +482°C)... This service helps to determine payback periods for reinsulated systems and will evaluate the performance of existing thermal insulation on piping and equipment....... 4 Section 4: Noncombustibility .....

M OI STURE RESI STANCE D ELI VERS LONG -TERM PERFORM ANCE CONSTANT THERMAL EFFICIENCY Lost thermal efficiency due to moisture absorption is the single most common cause of insulation failure. This is because liquid water has a thermal conductivity up to 20 times greater than most insulation materials. can reduce thermal efficiency by 70%*! * “Thermal Conductivity of Wet Insulations. process control and product quality and quantity are compromised. long-term energy efficiency provides low. Industrial Applications include pipelines as well as vessels of all types. This all-glass closed-cell structure provides an unmatched combination of physical properties ideal for piping and equipment above ground. CFC and HCFC free FOAMGLAS® insulation—in 2" (50.SECTION 2 PROPERTIES/BENEFITS/APPLICATIONS MOISTURE RESISTANCE SECTION 3 A U NI Q U E C O M B I NA T I ON OF PROPERTIES CREATES T H E INS U L ATI O N O F CHO ICE SUPERIOR PHYSICAL ATTRIBUTES FOAMGLAS® insulation is a lightweight.15 1.31 at -200°F -129°C FOAMGLAS ® Insulation Calcium Silicate Perlite WATER’S EFFECTS Eventually. SERVICEPROVEN APPLICATIONS FOAMGLAS® insulation has over 60 years of applications that have stood the test of time with a record untouched by any other insulation product on the market: • Cryogenic and low-temperature pipelines.87 1. eventually other insulations lose thermal efficiency.57 0.75 4. other insulation materials absorb moisture.8mm x 457. the facility’s infrastructure itself can fall prey to corrosion. just 4% by volume. it eliminates moisture intrusion. proven over decades of in-the-field performance: • Constant. vessels. Foremost. And.73 Water at 32°F 0°C 2. ASHRAE JOURNAL. microbes and mold • Fiber. When moisture reduces an insulation’s thermal efficiency. rigid insulating material composed of millions of completely sealed glass cells. thermal efficiency is destroyed and energy consumption increases. as invasive moisture causes production costs to go up and product quality to go down. October 1974. • Fire resistance protects the insulated equipment.and high-temperature pipelines and equipment • Hot oil/asphalt storage tanks LONG-TERM PROTECTION Because FOAMGLAS® insulation is an all-glass.28 0. FOAMGLAS® insulation is fabricated in a wide range of shapes. as well as underground. When a system is not operating at its FIGURE 1: Comparative Thermal Conductivities 2 Aerogels Phenolic Polyurethane/Polyisocyanurate Glass/Mineral Fiber 4 6 BTU-in/hr•ft •°F 8 10 12 2 14 16 26 28 ≈ proper temperature. Simultaneously. tanks and equipment • Medium.02 2. ≈ 3. Ice 0. at operating temperatures from -450°F to +900°F (-268°C to +482°C): • Resistant to water in both liquid and vapor forms • Noncorrosive • Noncombustible/nonabsorbent of combustible liquids • Resistant to most industrial reagents • Dimensionally stable under a variety of temperature and humidity conditions • Superior compressive strength • Resistant to vermin.8mm)-thick. each an insulating space. In fact. predictable energy costs • Enhanced process control allows improved.2mm) blocks— being applied to a petroleum storage tank at a West Coast refinery. Even after total immersion in water. 12" x 18" (304. MANY UNIQUE BENEFITS FOAMGLAS® insulation’s diversity of properties results in an equally unmatched combination of benefits. For over 60 years.” Ludwig Adams. consistent product quality • Minimal maintenance/repair/ replacement of insulation or facility infrastructure reduces life cycle costs WIDE-RANGING. the only measurable moisture found on FOAMGLAS® insulation is that which adheres to its surface cells (see Table 1). totally closed-cell material with minimal absorption. So. is the effect on operating cost.44 W/mK 1. When moisture in any form invades insulation. the system it protects is not functioning optimally and production costs increase—often very insidiously.04 3 FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS 4 . OPERATIONS PROBLEMS The problems that can result when moisture enters an insulation are multiple. thicknesses and sized to meet virtually all industrial requirements. and helps minimize subsequent plant shutdown time • Virtual elimination of the potential for auto-ignition from absorbed combustible liquids or fire from condensed lowtemperature gases • Proven durability for underground and exterior installations • Manufacturing of FOAMGLAS® insulation puts no stress on the atmosphere’s ozone layer … while its long-term thermal efficiencies reduce energy demand and the effects of burning fossil fuels on the environment • Heat transfer fluid systems • Hydrocarbon and sulfur processing systems • Underground steam and chilled water piping • Chilled and hot water service lines • Off-shore platforms • Above ground steam lines • Pulp/paper mills and water treatment plants • Food processing/cold storage facilities and breweries • Cyclic and dual temperature applications • Heat traced pipes and equipment For each of these applications and for all special conditions. indoors or outdoors. Pittsburgh Corning’s many accessory products are designed to produce the maximum insulation system performance. the thermal conductivity of ice is 100 times greater—a major threat for cryogenic systems (see Figure 1). FOAMGLAS® insulation has proven itself to resist moisture and provide constant thermal resistance. No other insulation FOAMGLAS® insulation is ideal for low temperature applications— including chill water piping and equipment. manufacturer can make this claim.

imagine how it performs when installed initially. FOAMGLAS® insulation being installed as an "OVERFIT" system. but some always remains in the insulation layers that are below 212°F (100°C).44 N/A drive water back to a certain point. the properties measured for the FOAMGLAS® insulation on this tank compare favorably with the same properties at the time of insulation. In one instance. and chlorides rom insulation products can promote stress cracking in stainless steel. up to 90% is not unusual. inert FOAMGLAS® insulation provides the third approach and resists the development of corrosion in three ways: • Protection against water intrusion and retention • No acceleration of the corrosion due to water soluble chlorides or other corrosive agents • Acting as a barrier to corrosion COLD & CRYOGENIC SERVICE Moisture can enter an insulation directly as absorbed water. TABLE 1: Permeability (E 96 Wet Cup) and Moisture Absorption (C 240) Insulation Material FOAMGLAS ® Insulation Polyurethane or Polyisocyanurate Polystyrene Phenolic Fibrous Glass Mineral Fiber 3 Calcium Silicate Expanded Perlite 3 Aerogels 1 out. with performance deteriorating at temperatures as low as 265°F (129°C) for the former. In this type of system. water vapor intrusion into lowtemperature systems is virtually eliminated and thermal efficiency other material. Systems include various bonding agents. the water vapor permeability of FOAMGLAS® insulation (0. life-cycle costs are among the lowest and most predictable. With “invisibility” jacketing.00 1–3 0. after 30 years of unjacketed services (not recommended) on a refinery’s heated (190°F/88°C) wax and oil tank. including silicones. FOAMGLAS insulation and ® HIGH-TEMPERATURE SYSTEMS FOAMGLAS® insulation can be fabricated for specific high-temperature piping and equipment requirements.69 66.5–4 0. so moisture builds to permanent liquid saturation or ice accumulation. Constant insulating efficiency minimizes the need for insulation replacement. even on steam lines at 1000°F (538°C). because retarders are normally adhered directly to these insulations. and the StrataFab® and Advantage® systems. out of the system. More recently. absorptive fibrous or particulate insulations are often used. epoxy phenolics. not including lost production and the potential of total shutdown.3 40. They have introduced perforated jacket systems with wicking materials that supposedly draw the moisture away from the pipe. Thus. And. and. moisture can penetrate and be transmitted through the insulation via the water vapor gradient pressure previously mentioned. Even the effects of silicone water-repellent treatments on mineral wools and perlite are very short-lived. And. resulting in substantial heat loss and a compromise in process control. and longterm. With carbon steel. • The physical “encapsulation” of equipment via paints or mastics.00 perminch) is at least 100 to 10. Even after 32 years of service. temperature change and weather.8–165. the FOAMGLAS® “OVERFIT” System can reverse the problem. results can be catastrophic—to personnel. And.46 53.17–11. With these organic foams. As a result. but with cold applications an even more significant source of moisture penetration is diffusion of water vapor which can condense as a liquid or as ice. The cost for system replacement at just one plant can be millions of dollars. These wet insulations in low-temperature service have no opportunity to dry out. lower than competitive insulation materials (see Table 1).1–7 40–110 40–99 24–38 32 N/A Permeability Perm-Cm 0.67–5. it is even more critical that an insulation have a low vapor Most low-temperature system insulations are closed-cell organic foams subject to water vapor permeability. Any vapor retarders that are used with permeable insulations are subject to mechanical damage. with a thermal conductivity increase of 0. With many FOAMGLAS® insulation projects. FOAMGLAS® insulation provides constant thermal efficiency for the life of the system. so does the potential rate of water vapor penetration.7 66. the equipment will be continuously wet and subject to corrosion and mold growth.08–63. 0. Non-absorbent FOAMGLAS® insulation protects against moisture penetration.7 10 50–90 zero–90 3 90 2–90 3 N/A Permeability Perm-Inch 1 0. and 100°F (38°C) for the latter. CORROSION UNDER INSULATION Significant metallic corrosion— with major economic and safety consequences—can develop in systems using absorptive insulations. The process heat involved can Absorption % by Vol. plant equipment and production. Because under-insulation corrosion can progress undetected. operating costs were reduced 56% and a potential $10 million shutdown was averted. insulation overfit.0 1. some manufacturers of permeable insulation have given up trying to protect their products with vapor barriers. The corrosion rate under wet insulation can be up to 20 times greater than the rate of corrosion by the ambient atmosphere.01 0. These include calcium silicate which can hold over 400% of its weight in water without dropping. it has been described as the greatest corrosion problem facing the chemical industry.835–6.SECTION 3 MOISTURE RESISTANCE MOISTURE RESISTANCE SECTION 3 Aging and moisture penetration can cause a chronic.68 0. Corroded flange under absorbent insulation. through jacketing seams and the open joins of the FOAMGLAS ® There are three approaches to averting under-insulation corrosion: • The use of suitable weather or vapor retarders … but these are not reliable. particularly when these sytems are at temperatures which allow water to exist in the liquid state.01Btu-in/hr•ft2•°F. In many cases complete saturation can occur in less than three hours. At one refinery where overfit was employed. See page 20 for selection chart. hazardous leaks are possible. HIGH-TEMPERATURE SERVICE For high-temperature conditions. movement can contribute to their damage. 2 3 Perm-Inch is the accepted unit of water vapor permeability 1 Grain•Cm 1 Grain•Inch 1 Perm-Inch = Ft2•Hr•Inch of Mercury 1 Perm-Inch = SqM•Hr•Cm Mercury The only moisture retained is that adhering to surface cells after immersion Waterproofing agents may be destroyed when exposed to temperatures of 250°F (121°C) or higher jacketing are installed directly over the existing wet insulation and metal 5 FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS 6 .000 times maintained. Meanwhile these systems ignore the continuous vapor drive towards the cold line. Thus. once moisture gets into insulation it may never dry compounding the situation. coal tar epoxies and bitumens … but these require critical surface preparation and a defect-free coating • An insulation that minimizes water intrusion and does not retain water Impermeable. finally. composite insulation systems. ions leached from the insulation by intrusive moisture can produce acids that accelerate corrosion. If FOAMGLAS® insulation can perform like this on a high-temperature operation with wet insulation of some transmission rate than an initially low thermal conductivity.6 0. Where this condition has occurred on an existing system. As the temperature gradient increases between the exterior insulation surface and the surface of the insulated equipment itself. increasing loss of thermal efficiency in other insulating materials. System heat can now drive moisture out of the original insulation as vapor. FOAMGLAS® insulation remained dry.8–183. an insulation sample is removed after many years of service for testing and replaced with new FOAMGLAS® insulation.2 2 1. FOAMGLAS® insulation does not require a vapor barrier (although they can be used for added protection). However.

48 min 1 hr. One test. such as open flames and welders’ torches. However. 2007 June 13. The following are four of the United States fireresistance tests. FIRE PERFORMANCE CONFUSION Insulation designations such as “selfextinguishing” and “fire retarding” often are thought to mean “noncombustible. ASTM E 814/UL 1479—FOAMGLAS® insulation is approved for use in through-penetration firestop systems described in Vol. Fire Resistance Directory. while temperatures of the steel sample are measured by additional thermocouples within the sample. Authority to Mark must be issued for a product to become certified. 4” (102 mm) OD • Double layers of FOAMGLAS® insulation. can give dramatically different results depending on the presence of fire retarding additives. FIGURE 2: ASTM E 119 Performance Test ASTM E 119 Standard Time Temperature Curve 1000°F 538°C Temp. This test. With polyurethanes. This test is necessary because the burning rate and fuel energy potential at a petrochemical facility—as well as its normal corrosive atmosphere—are totally unlike those with fires involving typical building materials of construction. 2007 June 13. piping/structural steel would have to be replaced. In every case. flames are the least likely cause of death from fire. covering both building and petrochemical fire performance. Other factors that can have a critical effect on actual fire performance versus TABLE 2: Intertek Fire Test Chart Sample I. including a 6”x6”x3/16” structural tube with 6” FOAMGLAS®. “smoke developed index” is a comparative classification based on smoke obscuration. without binders or fillers. In fact. Above this temperature. It can be said that FOAMGLAS® cellular glass insulation has proven to be totally noncombustible. ASTM E 119—Standard Fire Tests of Building Construction Materials This test examines the performance of materials under fire exposure conditions within a furnace.5 cm) centers Performance Sample A B C test behavior are the substrate material on which an insulation is used and how fast maximum temperatures are reached in petrochemical as opposed to building fires. as shown in Figure 2. Minutes test conditions. The specimen. as well as attack metallic structures. measures the hourly protection afforded steel during a rapid-temperature-rise fire that reaches 2000°F (1093°C) within five minutes. for surface burning characteristics (ASTM E 84. Lloyd’s Register of Shipping. The Netherlands.” And. A separate data appendix includes results from three samples not used in this report. The furnace used allows the specimen uniform time/temperature exposure. it can actually serve to protect piping and equipment from fire damage.” • “Warning—Polyisocyanurate is an organic material which will burn when exposed to an ignition source of sufficient heat and intensity. Call Pittsburgh Corning for a list of UL approved fabricators. ASTM E 136—Behavior of Materials in a Vertical Tube Furnace at 1382°F (750°C) This test also examines the combustion and heat generating characteristics of building materials within a furnace environment. PERSONNEL AND E QUIPM E NT P R O TE C TIO N When reviewing an insulation material’s fire endurance. Pipe Temp. and (3) show no temperature rise or flaming. with thermocouples. and may contribute to flames spreading. even “slow-burning” or “selfextinguishing” materials can produce deadly smoke and toxic fumes. Singapore Institute of Standards and Industrial Research. A firestop system is a specific construction consisting of a wall or floor assembly. Once ignited. are applied by United States Coast Guard. even when in direct contact with intense flame. (2) show no flaming after the first 30 seconds.305 mm) steel jacketing secured with stainless steel bands on 12” (30. and similar international tests. Limit Sample A Avg.” 2000°F 1093°C 1500°F 815°C 1000°F 538°C 500°F 260°C ASTM E 84—Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials This test observes the comparative surface burning characteristics of building materials—versus red oak and inorganic reinforced cement board. In ASTM E 119 testing. and 10” Schedule 40 Pipe with 5” of FOAMGLAS®. Factory Mutual Research.” Organic and foamed insulations are not only flammable. This maximum represents the threshold of structural failure for carbon steel. TESTING FOAMGLAS® insulation has been subjected to scores of national and international tests. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Specifications for Specimens Corrected Fire Resistance 3 hrs. this test. Inner Layer 2" (50 mm) Thick Outer Layer 2" (50 mm) Thick Protection Time 120 min 138 min 158 min 3" (75 mm) Thick 2" (50 mm) Thick 3" (75 mm) Thick 3" (75 mm) Thick 7 FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS 8 . Additionally. They will ignite with exposure to heat 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 Time. sources of sufficient intensity. but have little retardant effect in an actual fire. and outer layer joints staggered and sealed with PITTSEAL® 444N sealant • Galvanized 0. 2 min 1 hr.. numerical measure relating to the progress of a flame zone. A penetrating item such as chilled water pipes passes through an opening in the wall or floor assembly and the materials designed preserve the fire resistance rating of the assembly. 2007 Steel Shape W10x49 6"x6"3/16" Structural Tube W10x49 10"Ø Schedule 40 Pipe 6"x6"x3/16" Structural Tube 6"x6"3/16" Structural Tube Steel Length 8' 2' 8' 8' 2' 2' Thickness of FOAMGLAS® 6" 4" 4" 5" 4" SALT SPRAY 4" COMBO WET/FREEZE/DRY • 3. each with stainless steel bands. 2 of the U. to be discussed). “Surface flame spread” is the advancement of flame away from an ignition source across a specimen’s surface. UL1709 (Modified)—Fire Resistance Test for Petrochemical Facility Structural Elements Unlike most fire ratings developed for interior building fires. is inserted into the furnace and the test continued until the specimen thermocouples reach the 1382°F (750°C) furnace temperature.. 2006 June 13. while acknowledged as having a potentially active role in fire propagation.5” (90 mm) NPS pipe. Compounding the confusion is an international lack of fire testing uniformity in this area. but often act to rapidly spread fire with molten plastic. And. A material’s performance is based on its ability to limit the temperatures measured on a steel member to an average value of 1000°F (538°C).L. a W10x49 with 4” FOAMGLAS®. FOAMGLAS® insulation has been classified “noncombustible. Sample #5. transit and application . Conclusion: Both passed. Test results for FOAMGLAS® insulation show a smoke density of 0 and a flame spread of 0. 2007 June 13.D.SECTION 4 NONCOMBUSTIBILITY NONCOMBUSTIBILITY SECTION 4 ASTM E 136 Noncombustible ASTM E 84 Flame Spread 0 Smoke Developed 0 Material FOAMGLAS® Insulaion Layer Rating Noncombustible NO NC O M B U S T I B L E . “Thermal insulation” is usually considered as a material limited to helping maintain operating system temperatures. 31 min 1 hr. and The Technical Center for Fire Prevention. specially designed for the unique conditions of a petrochemical plant conflagration. #6—Environmental exposure samples must perform within 75% of the smallscale control (Sample #2). See page 18 for a list of approved systems. or the specimen fails. Japan Ship Machinery Quality Control. if their weight loss exceeds 50%. The conclusions of this test report may be used as part of the requirements for Intertek product certification. Notes: Sample #2—Control sample for subsequent environmental exposure tests. the average temperature of the sample must not exceed 1000°F (538°C) and no thermocouple can exceed 1200°F (649°C) within the control period. toxicity and performance in the presence of combustible chemicals. for example. 0 20 40 Sample B Temperature Sample C PLASTIC FOAMS The fire performance of FOAMGLAS® insulation contrasts greatly with the manufacturers’ warnings that accompany many other insulations: • “[Polyisocyanurate] foam insulation products are combustible. additives can reduce flame spread under it simply cannot burn. The basic test is run at an ambient temperature reaching 1700°F (925°C). having tightly butted joints. They should be properly protected from exposure to fire during storage.. FIRE RESISTANCE Because FOAMGLAS® insulation is 100% glass. Thermocouples monitor the furnace chamber temperature. 23 min 1 hr. or until the average temperature of the protected steel reaches 1000°F (538°C). three factors must be considered: fire resistance. During the test. retard fire spread and help safeguard personnel. 54 min Date Tested November 11. reinforced concrete and electronics for months after a fire with their corrosive composition. 2006 November 11. The test is continued until failure occurs. while generating toxic fumes and chemicals and massive quantities of smoke. they can burn with intense heat and smoke. “Flame spread index” is a comparative. nontoxic and nonabsorptive of combustible fluids. in the case of FOAMGLAS® insulation. A material passes the test if three of four specimens: (1) do not have thermocouple temperatures more than 54°F (12°C) above the furnace temperature. 27 min 2 hrs. Campbell Shillinglaw/ University of Hong Kong.012” (0. limited flaming is allowable. FOAMGLAS® insulation has demonstrated exceptional fire protection.” • “Warning—These [expanded polystyrene] products will burn and may pose a fire hazard. retardants can contribute their own toxic fumes. Hydrocal® B-11 bore-coated inner layers..

oxidation occurs on systems above 500°F (260°C). 85% magnesia. #55 #66 #88 Furnace Column with 4” thick FOAMGLAS® insulation Pipe Column with 6” thick FOAMGLAS® insulation 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 Temperature circulating heat transfer fluids (HTF). fatty acids. reflective aluminum foil or sheets. oxidizers and chemical intermediates. while such insulations can ignite due to an external fire source. Finally. maintenance. a temperature buildup within the saturated insulation. ceramic wool. etc. 4/92.5” (12. However.7 mm) stainless steel bands Max. ultimately. thermocouple connections. can occur. In fact. Consequently. there are also certain conditions under which the combustible fluids within them will auto-ignite. ABSORBENT: calcium silicate. Noncombustible. 2" (50 mm) Thick 2" (50 mm) Thick 3" (75 mm) Thick 3" (75 mm) Thick regardless of time elapsed. Research has shown that this ignition temperature can be reduced almost 50% when fluids are absorbed by insulation. silicate-bonded 1500°F 815°C 1000°F 538°C 500°F 260°C Time. calcium silicate and two brands of perlite sustain flames from wicking or oil. Use Temp. design. mineral wool absorbed almost 90%. mineral wool and perlite. and. The results are shown in Figure 3. Commonly used insulating materials are grouped as follows: NONABSORBENT: closed cell cellular glass. In fact. Impermeability to liquids and air eliminates the risk of self-heating due to leakage. each of these can absorb. foamed glass. even in low-temperature service the potential dangers of condensed hydrocarbon gases or liquid oxygen are minimized.016”-thick (0. the leading manufacturers of heat transfer fluids are unanimous in recommending closed-cell This same spontaneous ignition phenomenon is exhibited by oils. Calcium Silicate Perlit e FOAMGLAS® Insulation 0 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 Time. Use Temps. operation. within minutes. explosives. With applications prone to leaking organic fluids—valve packing glands.e.SECTION 4 NONCOMBUSTIBILITY NONCOMBUSTIBILITY SECTION 4 Three FOAMGLAS® insulation systems have been submitted to this testing as jacketed double-layer systems on a pipe. However. without flanged fittings) and where there are no other sites prone to leakage such as valves or pumps.4 cm ø. such as oils. resins. tests have shown 10w30 oil absorption rates significantly higher than this for calcium silicate. 800 1000 COMBUSTIBLE FLUID ABSORPTION Factory Mutual (FM) Engineering and Research has a document known as “Loss Prevention Data Sheet: 7-99/12-19. which have auto-ignition temperatures much lower than heat transfer fluids.. FOAMGLAS® insulation. Heat Transfer by Organic and Synthetic Fluids. inspection and fire protection of systems FIGURE 3: UL1709 (Modified) Performance Test 2500°F 1371°C 2000°F 1093°C Specifications for Specimens • Pipe section test—10” (25. already above its auto-ignition temperature (see Figure 4). Minutes Performance Sample Pipe Column Column Inner Layer 3" (75 mm) Thick Outer Layer 2" (50 mm) Thick Protection Time 64 min 122 min 153 min insulation where organic leakage and contamination are likely. however. spontaneous combustion. sch 40 steel pipe columntests—W10 x 49 steel column • Double layers of FOAMGLAS® insulation. with porous insulations. heat transfer fluids. Any type of insulation may be used where the pipe is all welded (i. perlite and mineral wool after only a few hours (see Figure 5). And. °F Max. but also to contribute to fire spread. Spontaneous ignition has been observed when liquid loadings occupied 6% to 12% by volume of the void spaces in insulation. poor heat dissipation and possible catalysis by the insulation itself all contribute to temperature buildup. In fact.406 mm) jacketing secured with 0. as well as flat surfaces that collect leakage. FIGURE 5: 10w30 Oil Absorption Rates for Various Materials 100 90 80 Volume Percent asbestos fibers. a small column and a large column. the elevated-temperature petrochemical environment is particularly ripe for this clandestine development. Minutes 9 FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS 10 .7. vapor volume space. by volume.1 The insulation used to cover HTF piping and equipment should be of the type that is nonabsorbent. calcium silicate. the combination of a large reaction surface. FOAMGLAS® insulation (above) remains non-wicking and non-burning while mineral wool. Mineral Wool 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 WICKING OF ORGANICS There are several inorganic insulations that technically are noncombustible— fiberglass. and equipment flanges.” combustible liquids. The scope of the document provides recommendations for the location. the effect of these insulation materials is not only to fail to protect from fire the system they are insulating. AUTO-IGNITION Auto-ignition appears to result from slow oxidation between the leaked organic and air. when the insulation is exposed to a large volume of air during repairs. studies have shown spontaneous combustion with oil-soaked lagging at routine operating temperatures as low as 176°F (80°C). FIGURE 4: Ignition Temperatures for Combustible Liquids LIQUID TYPE Cyclodecanone Lube Oil Essential Oils Coal Tar Distillates Mineral Oil Low Viscosity Transformer Oil Therminol Dowtherm A 0 200 400 600 Ignition Temperature. silicones. does not absorb any oil. In the section addressing insulation of these systems the following is listed: 2.” rev. ignition of the organic. or “wick. glass fiber batts. column voids filled with insulation • Stainless steel 0. each with stainless steel bands: Pipe test—Bore coating of Hydrocal® B-11 applied to both layers Column tests—Layers adhered with PC® 88 adhesive. mineral wool. With heat transfer fluids. solvents. And. nonabsorptive FOAMGLAS® insulation is ideal for these applications..3. Then.

but also increase fire risk and lead to structural corrosion of pipelines and equipment. their form is a fiber. 10% sodium hydroxide. as is FOAMGLAS® insulation. 5% Carbolic Acid 5% Acetic Acid Glass and Mineral Fibers While these materials are essentially silicate glass. The literature from one manufacturer of phenolic foam states that their product is severely attacked by concentrated nitric acid and has only fair to poor resistance to phosphoric acids. The chemical resistance of glass has been universally recognized and applied for food and chemical products. valves or flanges.SECTION 5 CHEMICAL DURABILITY CHEMICAL DURABILITY SECTION 5 C H E M I C A L L Y D U R ABL E . 11 FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS 12 . Unlike the other insulating materials discussed. liquid and vapor absorption not only cause a significant loss in thermal efficiency—serious safety and fire hazards also can exist when acid or caustic spillage occurs. This potential for chemical attack comes both externally—from the atmosphere and spillage. 10% Citric Acid Orange Terpenes Citrus Peel Oil Orange Juice Concentrated Ammonium Hydroxide Concentrated Potassium Hydroxide 10% Ammonium Hydroxide 10% Sodium Hydroxide 2% Sodium Carbonate Heptane Methanol Formaldehyde Dichloromethane Benzene Methyl Ethyl Ketone 1-Butanol Toluene Acetone Ethyl Acetate Mineral Spirits Ethylene Glycol Kerosene Organic Foam Insulations Foamed plastics are significantly deteriorated by immersion in chemical reagents—even water—for just 30 days (see Table 2). Perlite often contains organic-based water repellents which are rapidly destroyed by temperatures over 392°F (200°C) and by petrochemicals. not a closed cell. itself. TABLE 3: Materials Which Showed Significant Changes in Volume and Weight When Immersed in Solvents Solvent Concentrated Nitric Acid Concentrated Hydrochloric Acid Concentrated Sulfuric Acid Concentrated Phosphoric Acid 40% Nitric Acid 10% Hydrochloric Acid 30% Sulfuric Acid X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Dissolved Dissolved X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Dissolved Dissolved Dissolved Dissolved Dissolved X X X X X X Dissolved Dissolved Dissolved X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Dissolved Polyisocyanurate X X Dissolved Polyolefin Polystyrene Phenolic Dissolved X X FOAMGLAS® Insulation CHEMICAL DURABILITY PROBLEMS An insulation’s chemical durability is often the most important criterion in insulation system selection. methylated spirits and methyl acetate. concentrated hydrochloric acid. when submerged in water.. Polyisocyanurate manufacturers’ own literature states that the material should not be exposed to any chemicals or solvents which might soften or degrade the foam. Calcium Silicate/Perlite With these highly absorptive materials. these insulations can absorb potentially hazardous chemicals. by way of leaks at joints. and internally—from the system being insulated. when the organic binders that often coat these fibers are destroyed by heat or chemicals. as well as water. ONE-HUNDRED-PERCENT GLASS FOAMGLAS® insulation is both all-glass and closed-cell—a critical combination for providing its unmatched chemical durability. laboratory containers and for industrial applications requiring exceptional durability. it has no fibers. Both actions subject the materials to a higher rate of chemical attack. binders or other components subject to chemical attack or degradation. All-glass FOAMGLAS® insulation is commonly used on chemical storage tanks because its high corrosion resistance extends equipment service life. Also. acetone.. Chemical absorption can not only mechanically destroy an insulation and its thermal performance. C H E M I C A L L Y R ES I S TA NT All-glass FOAMGLAS® insulation is unaffected by most chemicals and by most corrosive plant atmospheres which can quickly destroy other materials. glass wool loses its strength and elasticity while mineral fiber becomes brittle. The result is an absorptive insulation. And. and its inorganic binders are frequently waterleachable.

0 Steel Stainless Steel (in. expansion.5 6 5. inorganic insulation must be used. the high thermal expansion coefficient of organic foams (see Figure 7) can lead to warping and buckling. On cold systems. This shrinkage leads to open joints and cracks which can cause thermal short circuits and serious damage to weather barriers.SECTION 6 DIMENSIONAL STABILITY DIMENSIONAL STABILITY SECTION 6 D IM E NS I O NA L S TABI LIT Y ENHANCES T H E RMA L P ER F O R MA NCE Proper insulation performance. Because this expansion is so close to that of the steel and concrete most often being insulated. with FOAMGLAS® insulation. virtually no relative movement occurs at the insulation joints during system temperature cycling. These actions can eventually lead to thermal bridges between insulation and equipment. ft.5 9 8. most often related to its chemical composition.5 5 4. FOAMGLAS® insulation remains stable since it is well matched in expansion coefficient to typical steel piping and equipment. dimensional change—the thermal contraction coefficient—exhibited when an insulation material is cooled is Irreversible Changes at High Temperatures At high temperatures. all of these potential problems are avoided because of its excellent stability under a variety of temperature and humidity conditions. 10-6 K-1 10 9. reversible coefficient of thermal contraction. open joints reduced thermal efficiency about 10%.e. putting severe stress on weather barriers and vapor retarders. while with polystyrene insulation. the post-production shrinkage of plastic foams (particularly polyurethane). -2. some insulations actually shrink (see Figure 7). severe shrinkage cracking can also occur within the foam. and.) -3. break down cell walls and lead to insulation collapse. such as plastic foams. And unfortunately. Organics. shrinkage and buckling of a system’s insulation. In contrast.5 8 7. including aging of the insulation material—i. most critically.5 7 6. As can be seen.0 FACTORS AFFECTING STABILITY Reversible Changes at Low Temperatures The rate of reversible. At low temperatures. In tests on a two-layer urethane system under cryogenic conditions. it slightly increases with the higher temperature and decreases more sharply a low temperature. FOAMGLAS® insulation exhibits a predictable. lowdensity polyurethane’s in-cell gases can condense. minimal. as temperatures rise and metal pipes and vessels expand. and outgassing of foaming agents from expanded polystyrene causing shrinkage of up to 2%.0 -4.. is directly related to the dimensional stability of the insulating material.5 4 -200 -100 0 100 Temperature in º C 200 300 400 13 FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS 14 . blistering with foamed-in-place PUR. and thus system integrity. However. This will result in open joints which not only create a thermal short circuit path but may totally destroy joints that had been sealed against water intrusion. Poor dimensional stability can cause swelling. FOAMGLAS® insulation has a reversible coefficient of expansion similar to metals and will not shrink. Other Irreversible Changes These permanent dimensional changes have many causes.0 Reversible Changes at Moderate Temperatures At elevated temperatures the problem is reversed.0 -5. display coefficients five to ten times greater than those of the metals they insulate (see Figure 6). Phenolic -6. coating/waterproofing breaches. the joints opened enough to permit convection and substantial heat gain (+174% on liquid nitrogen systems). unpredictable insulation performance. FIGURE 6: Thermal Contraction of Insulations versus Steel (70°F to -300°F) FOAMGLAS® Insulation -1.0 Polystyrene Polyisocyanurate 50 0 -50 -100 -150 -200 -250 -300 Temperature (°F) FIGURE 6A: Coefficient of Thermal Expansion The coefficient of thermal expansion of FOAMGLAS® celular glass is given by the following graph./100 lin.

ft. then can be trapped by waterproofing or admitted by malfunctioning vapor barriers./100 lin. ambient or high temperatures. On the other hand. permanent warping puts severe stress on external vapor and weather barriers. ® (in.0 Expanded Perlite -6.0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 Temperature (°F) When exposed to laboratory heat lamps. however. Polyurethane at 158°F (70°C) and 85% relative humidity shows an irreversible expansion of 3% (one manufacturer states that even greater changes are possible). a significant alteration of insulation dimensions can occur.) Temperature and Loading Load on an insulation at elevated temperatures is a potential source of dimensional change with possibly severe consequences. FOAMGLAS® insulation (bottom) remains dimensionally stable.0 +2. But with FOAMGLAS insulation. creates excellent dimensional stability under load at low.0 Phenolic Polyisocyanurate Stainless Steel Steel Mineral Wool FOAMGLAS® Insulation +4. Combined with temperature changes. Therefore. 15 FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS 16 . transportation or installation. Its rapid. Testing at 68°F (20°C) and 95% relative humidity have shown no changes in the material.0 +6.0 Polystyr ene 0 High-Temperature Systems See page 20 for recommended systems. -2.SECTION 6 DIMENSIONAL STABILITY DIMENSIONAL STABILITY SECTION 6 Temperature and Humidity Moisture can enter some insulations during its storage. service and testing have again proven that it remains dimensionally stable under extreme humidity. Polyisocyanurate is affected by humid aging.0 Calcium Silicate -4. under similar conditions phenolic foams shrink up to 2%. polyisocyanurate (top) and polystyrene (middle) both exhibit significant thermal distortion. foamed plastics manufacturers publish temperature-related load recommendations. The combination of FOAMGLAS® insulation’s hightemperature resistance. rigidity and strength (discussed later). FIGURE 7: Thermal Expansion/Contraction of Insulations versus Steel (70°F to 800°F) +8.

8 N/mm2 = 800 kPA 17 FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS 18 . by their physical form encourage nesting and tunneling. but the presence of cellular glass can even provide a physical barrier blocking the entrance of mice. 10@10% def. sheet metal and glass—which is. Deformation is insignificant and independent of insulation thickness.12 10. However. according to some test methods. an insulation’s poor compressive strength can also lead to settlement. ethylene and liquid nitrogen tanks.3@10% def. the data is totally nonsubjective. mice. days. When capped. there is the possibility of transmission of infectious diseases to humans and domestic animals through contamination of food products. or via airborne microorganisms. “failure” is recorded as the point when an insulation’s deformation reaches a percentage of its thickness—usually between 5% and 25%—for various densities.4 11. making its specification a relatively uncomplicated. rats. Where high loading is anticipated. TABLE 5: Physical Properties of FOAMGLAS® HLB Cellular Glass Insulation The following is a summary of the acceptance values for lot average compressive strength as defined in the Quality Assurance Specifications. its relative light weight of 7. FOAMGLAS® insulation has been the dominant choice for base applications on LPG. it provides high compressive strength without deforming or consolidating (see Table 3). is just one of seven grades available. And FOAMGLAS insulation combines rigidity ® FOAMGLAS® Insulation Polyisocyanurate Polystyrene Phenolic Fiberglass Mineral Fiber Calcium Silicate Perlite 90 30 45 22@10% def. DENSITY AND COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH Grade of FOAMGLAS® HLB Insulation HLB 800 HLB 1000 HLB 1200 HLB 1600 Nominal Lot Avg.83 1. ammonia. In other tests of polyurethane foam. FOAMGLAS® insulation provides constant thermal efficiency for LNG transfer and storage facilities. time and temperature have a negligible effect on creep and compressive strength FOAMGLAS® insulation has been installed in over 75% of the world's LNG tanks. out of mind” potential problem can lead to serious trouble for underground piping and storage vessels.55 0. Density kg/m3 120 130 140 160 pcf 7. direct calculation.3 kg/cm2) (see Table 4). To view the total resistance of FOAMGLAS® insulation to rodents another way: its vermin endurance is so great that it can be categorized with concrete. not only are the potential vermin problems found with other materials eliminated.7 10 Compressive Strength (Tested According to ASTM C 165/C 240) Average N/mm2 0. Again. thermal efficiency suffers or is rendered totally lost. such as foamed plastics. in less than three months. and even infrastructure loss and the compromise of products produced or stored at the facility.15 12. Because of its compressive strength. there are the resulting.0 5–15 11–15 5–13 120 32 32 40 96 80–240 176–240 80–208 V ERMIN R E S IS T ANT An insulation’s resistance to vermin—rats. LOX. That deformation puts urethane at its maximum compression tolerance. nesting and microbial infestation can seriously affect thermal performance and mechanical strength to the point of complete destruction of the insulating system. consideration should be given to adequate surface preparation to avoid undue overstresses. however. Three-Fold Problem As insulation is attacked by vermin and partially or totally destroyed. it withstands extreme loads without deterioration and can be used on long vertical pipe runs without special supports. this can result in lost thermal efficiency. have limited compressive strength.SECTION 7 COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH VERMIN RESISTANCE SECTION 8 H I GH C O MP R ES S I V E S T R ENGT H W I T H O U T D E F O R MA TI O N Because commonly used insulations. In turn. or without actual failure. ranging up to FOAMGLAS HLB 1600 ® (High-Load Bearing) insulation with a compressive strength of 232 psi (16.0 8.69 0.00 1. potentially enormous economic losses. of course. Secondly.2 kg/cm ) load at 2 Grades of FOAMGLAS® Insulation FOAMGLAS® insulation.5 8. LNG.5 2. with compressible insulations.0 2. So. 600 207 310 152 16 69 689 620 7.20 1.6 7.and cryogenic-temperature tank bottom applications. such as fibrous materials. when under a moderate 3 psi (0. In fact. higher engineering safety factors are generally required with cellular plastics and fibrous materials. Gnawing. with a compressive strength of 90 psi (6. with chilled or hot water and HVAC systems. the use of insulation lacking proper compressive strength can allow settlement. repair cost of the equipment or installations damaged by gnawing. Organic and open-structured insulations.60 psi 116 145 174 232 8. The full family of FOAMGLAS insulation is available ® Compressive Strength versus Deformation While compressive strength technically measures the stress at which a material fails under load. including increased energy consumption. Note: 0. it has been installed on over 80% of the world’s above-ground cryogenic storage tanks. Safety Factors Because deformation and resulting strength reduction can seriously affect performance of some compressible insulations. FOAMGLAS® insulation is ideal for these hot base applications. agricultural/ food processing buildings and exterior industrial applications. total vermin resistance. Studies have shown that for phenolics and urethanes compressive strength at 10% deformation is reduced by greater than 50% with a temperature increase from 68°F to 266°F (20°C to 130°C).18 16.2 The “Vermin Barrier” With FOAMGLAS® insulation in place. 100@5% def. throughout the insulation’s wide service temperature range. And. This is a critical mistake. ground heaving and elevation of foundation temperatures that may cause major failures. boring. with its outstanding compressive and flexural strengths. With high-temperature tank bases.10 psi 80 100 120 160 kg/cm2 5. With FOAMGLAS® insulation. 80@5% def. the property is often not seriously considered when specifying thermal insulation. what FOAMGLAS® insulation is—as a building material that discourages gnawing. Underground Systems and Pipe Support and Hanger Applications See page 31. almost every other insulation material. In addition. Time and Temperature Effects Adding to compressive strength ambiguities are the effects of time and temperature. insects and fungi—is often given little consideration during material specification. With FOAMGLAS® insulation.3 kg/cm ) and itself stronger than 2 Because of its compressive strength. for in many applications insulation strength is vital to system performance and should be a TABLE 4: Compressive Strengths of Various Materials Insulation Material Compressive Strength psi kPa lb/ft 3 Density Kg/m 3 prerequisite when selecting materials. deformation monitors a material’s structural distortion with 266°F (130°C). Problems and Applications Tanks For low.5 lb/ft3 (120 kg/ m3) gives an ideal strength-to-weight ratio. thickness deformation of up to 10% developed after just 75 worldwide. The resulting thermal performance loss can unstabilize the processing environment causing reduced viscosity control and possible solidification of the contents.1 8. fibrous glass and calcium silicate. This combination of properties—virtually unaffected by temperatures over a wide service range—allows simplified design for load-bearing insulation systems. over 50 years of testing and field applications have proven FOAMGLAS® insulation’s superior.24 Lower Spec.0 2. 2. finally. lighter materials have a fraction of FOAMGLAS® insulation’s strength.5 6. But this “out of sight.80 1. including bottom rupture. FOAMGLAS® insulation provides a compressive strength of 90 psi (620 kPa) when capped according to ASTM C 240. etc. Limit kg/cm2 N/mm2 0.

62 7.ua.00 4.62 244 244 10.75 11.00 24.00 10.00 27.66 1.2% 1/4 3/8 1/2 3/4 1 1-1/4 1-1/2 2 2-1/2 3 3-1/2 4 4-1/2 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 0.00 20.00 23.540 0.00 27.86 2.62 8.62 244 10.62 6. (Number of segments vary with pipe O.62 3.0 x 10-6/K 5. Values under EN ISO are declared as limit values under the specific set of standard test conditions.D.00 21. fittings.000 15. Block Hygroscopicity Linear Coefficient of Thermal Expansion Maximum Service Temperature Modulus of Elasticity.00 19. 3 3 120 kg/m 7.00 15.87 2.000 Actual O. of Covering inch mm NOMINAL 2" O.5” (38 mm). flanges. (Number of segments vary with pipe O. of State (DOS) 07200-890201-2013 • City of Los Angeles General Approval RR22534 • U.00 1.75 11.78 3.D.62 8.00 25.62 244 219 9. of Covering inch mm NOMINAL 2.36.49 1.00 20.00 15.D.66 3.75 14.75 12.00 4.62 8.00 16.00 19.050 1.00 298 298 324 324 356 381 406 432 457 483 508 533 559 584 610 635 660 686 711 737 194 8.58 2.11 4.75 298 324 356 381 406 432 457 483 508 533 559 584 610 635 660 12.00 15.62 9.00 17.00 27.00 20.D.D.540 0.563 6.00 500 23.00 21.50 2.08 4. with Special Corrosion and Chloride Requirement” • Nuclear Regulatory Guide 1.000 4.00 22.75 11.62 7.will not burn E 136 EN ISO 1182 Flame Spread 0 E84 (Class A1) Smoke Development 0 Soda-lime silicate glass – inorganic with no fibers or binders 620 kPa 90 psi C 165 EN 826 C 240 Strength for flat surfaces Method A C 552 capped with hot asphalt.00 686 28.00 16.00 21.50 5.05 4.00 21.00 21.500 4.00 26.00 14.00 24.50 1.08 3.00 23.00 24.00 508 450 21.62 7.61 2.625 9.00 4.00 26.89 2.75 12.00 22.com. 194 8.62 7.00 23.000 22.00 27.000 19.07 1.62 2.00 3.56 6.62 7.00 25.43 4.16 4.00 28.00 28.62 2. Where testing method or reporting values differ between ASTM and EN ISO methodologies.67 2.75 200 11.0 x 10-6/°F E 228 EN 13471 25ºC to 300ºC 75°F to 575°F 482˚ C 900 MPa W/mK 0. of Covering inch mm NOMINAL 3.00 19.62 7.00 26.00 762 31.00 15.S.75 11.15 2.62 114 127 127 127 141 141 168 168 194 194 5.62 7.00 21.62 9.50 1.00 20.62 9.16 4.62 6.00 27.62 8.75 2.99 9.00 25.00 4.50 2.50 1.03 2.900 2. of Covering NOMINAL 4" O.D.625 7. “Insulation Materials.00 660 27.50 2.00 25.2% Method EN 1609 EN 12087 Only moisture retained is that adhering to surface cells after immersion 0.00 26.5 lb/ft C 303 EN 1602 EN 1604 Excellent—does not shrink.62 2.00 16.58 1.75 12.50 2.56 6.660 1.00 31.08 2.com) UL Through-Penetration Firestop Approved Systems For a listing of UL Through-Penetration Firestop Approved Systems please search the UL Database at http://www.50 2..75 11.00 762 31.000 21.61 3.000 24.37 3.00 4.75 11.750 11.62 8.50 29.00 29.00 26.00 2.00 2.00 24.00 711 29.5" O.00 22.47 1.15 3.00 711 29.00 5.00 4.58 1.00 15.80 1.97 4.75 219 9.00 25.75 11.62 244 10.00 17.08 4.00 18.00 15.75 14.62 9.62 7.°F 0.87 1.75 12.) 2.56 5.50 5.000 17.29 3.50 3.500 5.05 8. MEA #138-81-M FOAMGLAS® insulation for piping.00 FOAMGLAS® insulation is fabricated into coverings for virtually all standard pipes.56 6. 100/F1-98 • General Services Administration.62 9.50 1.62 6.62 9.000 19.00 4. 12 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 300 16.00 15.00 4.62 8. Block Density Dimensional Stability Flexural Strength.58 2.38M • Military Specification MIL-I-24244C.58 3.00 3.50 2.00 23.00 26. in 1/2” (13 mm) increments and in 18” x 24” (600 mm x 450 mm) blocks 2” (51 mm) through 6” (150 mm) thick in 1/2” (13 mm) increments.875 3.58 1.11 3.00 3.75 12.00 15.75 273 11.00 20.75 10.62 6.75 14.000 16. Approx.62 9.75 244 10.00 26.00 16.86 3. 1-1/2” (38 mm) through 5” (127 mm) thick.00 22.00 3.50 12.00 533 559 584 610 635 Sizes in this area are furnished in segmental form.75 14.66 2.62 8.625 9.00 29.47 3.97 2.00 19.62 9. Contact your Pittsburgh Corning representative for the nearest fabricating distributor.00 17. of Covering inch mm NOMINAL 4" O.08 2.660 1.53 1.00 20.00 24.50 1.625 8.62 7.57 1.00 324 356 381 406 432 457 483 508 533 559 584 610 635 660 686 14.75 14.08 4.00 24.75 11.56 5.50 3.50 2.18 Btu/lb.00 22.00 22.00 19.SECTION 9 PROPERTIES AND CERTIFICATIONS PROPERTIES AND CERTIFICATIONS SECTION 9 Pipe Insulation FOAMGLAS® Thickness FOAMGLAS® Thickness FOAMGLAS® Thickness FOAMGLAS® Thickness FOAMGLAS® Thickness FOAMGLAS® Thickness PR O PE R TI ES A ND C E R T IFICA T IO NS O F F O A MG LAS ® I NS U L AT IO N Partial Certifications* and Approvals List FOAMGLAS® insulation can be certified to conform to the requirements of: • ASTM C 552 “Specification for Cellular Glass Thermal Insulation” • Canadian Standard CAN/CGSB51.75 273 273 273 298 298 324 356 381 406 432 457 483 508 533 559 584 610 635 660 686 711 11.00 29.08 3.53 2.00 18.75 12.D.5" O. of Covering NOMINAL 2.00 perm-in E96 Wet Cup Procedure B EN 12086 EN ISO 10456 Water-Vapor Permeability Acid Resistance Capillarity Combustibility & Reaction to Fire Composition Compressive Strength.62 7.62 2.00 25.5" O.62 9.00 21.00 5.49 4.62 6.00 24.11 2.55 1. DIBTt) • DCC • Russian Maritime • Allgemeine Bauaufsichtliche Prufzeugnisse (ABP.750 12. of Covering inch mm NOMINAL 3" O.62 8.62 219 9.00 4. valves.00 18.5" O.78 1.00 19.36 3.56 1.00 3.44 4.50 1.00 406 350 17.00 3.50 3.625 8.58 1.39 3.62 8.44 2.00 25.00 14.500 4.D.58 2.D.00 27.00 2.50 1.75 10.18 4.61 3.000 4.00 27.75 244 10.00 5.75 10.50 1.00 29.62 8.66 3.00 8.00 24.50 5.06 3.000 584 24.00 16.00 19.47 1. etc.00 25.53 3.84 kJ/kg.38 4.D.00 24.042 @ 24°C 0.50 1.47 1.D.50 5.00 18.50 3.00 18.ft2.62 10.62 244 10.000 5.65 3.97 4.56 9.62 9.00 25.000 5.62 8.00 30.50 1.00 15.00 28. tees.000 23.03 3. and beveled head and lag segments.84 3.00 26.62 7.00 19.62 7.50 3.00 25.875 3.75 12.16 3.50 3. Nominal inch mm DN 1/4 3/8 1/2 3/4 1 1-1/4 1-1/2 2 2-1/2 3 3-1/2 4 4-1/2 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 0.75 11.375 2.03 2.11 3. Once on this page click on CERTIFICATIONS on the left hand side.00 5.00 17.00 Sizes in this area are furnished in sectional form.75 14.00 24.00 17.37 2.17 4.66 3.62 7.00 600 27.00 28.00 737 30.016 ft2/hr C 623 C 177 C 518 EN 826 Method A1 EN 12667 EN 12939 0.75 273 244 10.00 2.00 17.75 12.50 28.50 3. swell or warp (DS 70/90) C 203 EN 12089 480 kPa 70 psi C 240 (BS450) No increase in weight at 90% relative humidity 9.28 9.00 2. walls and ceilings • New York State Uniform Fire Prevention and Building Code Dept. ENGLISH 0.00 16.62 7.750 14.00 4.54 1.00 3.00 17.00 23.00 432 18.00 31.00 2.5" O.50 3.16 2.00 20.62 194 8.03 10.00 20.000 14 17 21 27 33 42 48 60 73 89 102 114 127 141 168 194 219 244 273 298 324 356 381 406 432 457 483 508 533 559 8 10 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 90 100 115 125 150 3.00 22.°F 0.00 28.5" O.D. ASTM E 84).D.040 @ 10°C 0.62 6.00 17.00 19 FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS 20 . Thermal. FOAMGLAS® insulation shapes can be easily modified on-site with ordinary hand tools to insulate valves.625 10.00 737 30.D.08 3.00 16.625 7.75 14.00 23. Coast Guard • Rosstroy • SINTEF • NORSOK • Det Norske Veritas • See-Berufsgenossenschaft • Allgemeine Bauaufsichtliche Zulassung (ABZ.16 3.62 10.67 1.00 18. of Covering inch mm FIGURE 8: Thermal Conductivity of FOAMGLAS® Insulation O.D.00 5.00 30.00 22.00 18.12 1. EN ISO Method C 240 NOMINAL 1.00 22.62 8.00 2.00 23.62 8. Absorption of Moisture (Water % by Volume) TABLE 7: Pipe Insulation Dimensional Standards (English) NOMINAL PIPE SIZES (inches) Nominal O. measurements were collected using ASTM guidelines at 24°C (75ºF) and are average or typical values recommended for design purposes and not intended as specification or limit values.75 12. PBS (PCD): 15250. O.000 21.62 10.56 6.00 32.00 16.D. NOMINAL PIPE SIZES NOMINAL 1. the following table lists the suggested single layer thickness of FOAMGLAS® insulation. C 692.840 1.94 3.00 3.56 3. and curved segments.62 2.563 6.75 12.75 14.00 22.66 3. of Covering NOMINAL 3. TABLE 8: Pipe Insulation Dimensional Standards (Metric) FOAMGLAS® cellular glass insulation is manufactured in 12” x 18” (305 mm x 457 mm) blocks.625 10.49 2.000 18.00 2.50 3.675 0.62 168 168 194 194 194 7.00 787 32.62 2.00 15.00 6.62 9.62 219 219 9.00 26.750 11.62 7.00 16.) 23.53 11.00 4.62 6.62 7. Public Building Service Guide Specification.50 2.00 16.16 4. Minimum single layer thickness is 1.00 457 400 19.62 6.ul.00 4.47 3.00 29.K 4.00 5.00 20. Unless otherwise specified. of Bldgs. For the nearest source of FOAMGLAS® insulation.62 8.50 2.00 25.75 12.58 3. The use of this table permits nesting or construction of multiple layer assembles in order to obtain greater thicknesses. Under General Search click on UL FILE NUMBER and type in R15207 and then SEARCH.62 7.62 194 194 219 219 219 8.75 2.00 21.75 273 298 324 356 381 11.62 8.00 15.62 6.3 x 105 psi Btu-in/hr. “Thermal Insulation (Mechanical)” • New York City Dept.000 610 26.03 3.00 4.00 16.315 1.000 15.00 18.75 11.62 7.62 8.00 3.56 6.75 2.00 18.62 10. Specifying FOAMGLAS® pipe and tubing insulation in accordance with these standards will ensure proper fit to pipe or tubing and nesting in multiple layer applications.00 23.00 23. Thermal Conductivity Specific Heat Thermal Diffusivity 2.75 10.56 10.315 1. When requested by the purchaser. C 871 • Flame Spread 5.05 3.00 4.00 3.08 2.62 7.16 2.00 5.050 1.00 20. UL R2844. accordance with ASTM Standard C 552 1.75 273 11.50 4.75 12.86 3.79 2.00 Impervious to common acids and their fumes except hydrofluoric acid None Noncombustible .00 3.03 2. In Accordance with ASTM C 585 For your convenience.62 6.750 14.00 27.50 3.00 18.00 5.53 1.00 27.000 16.62 7.62 8.500 5.62 8.00 5.00 22. of Covering NOMINAL 2" O.00 4.00 17.D.D.62 6.00 21.58 1.00 686 28.00 perm-cm 0.28 4.34 3.36 2.50 4.00 21.00 219 9.00 24. contact your Pittsburgh Corning representative.00 26.00 17.62 7.62 89 102 102 102 114 127 127 141 168 168 4.00 19.00 5.900 2.30 8.75 273 11.56 6.36 4.61 3.62 6.75 298 12.56 5. Properties may vary with temperature.62 219 9.62 9.97 3. also classified by UL of Canada • ISO 9001:2000 • Through-Penetration Firestop Systems UL 1479 (www.675 0. MPA) FOAMGLAS® insulation is identified by Federal Supply Code for Manufacturers (FSCM 08869) *Written request for certificate of compliance must accompany order ( D (90/90) Note: FOAMGLAS® ONE™ is manufactured to meet or exceed the minimum requirements of ASTM C552-07 Standard Specification for Cellular Glass Insulation (or most recent revision).00 219 219 244 244 244 244 273 273 298 298 324 324 356 356 381 406 432 457 483 508 533 559 584 610 635 660 686 711 737 762 787 813 Sizes in this area are furnished in sectional form.000 22.041 W/mK @ 10˚ C) Sizes in this area are furnished in segmental form.80 9. values are denoted within parentheses in the EN ISO column.00 24.62 141 141 168 168 168 168 194 194 219 219 6.00 • Board of Steamship Inspection (Canada) Certificate of Approval No.00 17. ASTM C 795.62 10.56 5. Smoke Developed 0 (UL 723.62 9.28 @ 50°F 0.62 8.375 2.00 26.66 2.000 18.00 15.000 20.00 2.00 18.53 1.00 21.00 11.84 10. of Covering NOMINAL 3" O.00 30.000 17.62 9.62 8.00 483 20. of Covering TABLE 6: Physical and Thermal Properties of FOAMGLAS® ONETM Insulation PHYSICAL AND THERMAL PROPERTIES OF FOAMGLAS ® ONE™ INSULATION ASTM PHYSICAL PROPERTIES SI 0.000 20.840 1.16 4.00 23.00 28.00 19.00 30.00 4.00 28.00 20.97 3.00 2.75 2.06 3.62 7.62 1.97 2.50 3.00 25.36 3.62 9.62 9.00 2.62 8.00 27.75 250 14. to a maximum of 4” (100 mm). equipment.94 2.2 x 10-7 m2/sec 900˚ F 1.50 7.00 2.00 4.50 3.00 23.75 12.11 4.750 12.29 @ 75°F 0.75 14.00 22. FOAMGLAS® pipe and tubing insulation can be fabricated worldwide in and C 585.55 5.89 3.75 14.00 19.

Use a double layer system. • Fabrication technique allows usage on systems: – undergoing continuous thermal cycling. Gypsum Co.S. vault. • Provides excellent control of stress relief cracking. • Use a double layer system at temperatures above 400°F (204°C). seal joints of outer layer with PITTSEAL® 444N. contact your PCC representative. • Wide range of thickness eliminates need for double layering. cover with a vapor retarder finish. seal joints of outer layer with PITTSEAL® 444N. contact your PCC representative. Use a double layer system. flexible adhesive to create a uniform. Composite System Insulation consisting of inner layer(s) of high-density fibrous glass blanket or mineral wool and outer layer(s) of FOAMGLAS® insulation. • Fabrication technique allows usage over broadest temperature range.SECTION 10 SELECTION GUIDE SELECTION GUIDE SECTION 10 FAB RI C ATED F O A MG LA S ® INSUL AT IO N SY ST EMS Recommended Temperature Range -290°F (-179°C) to 250°F (121°C) System Bitumen Bonded Single or multiple layers of FOAMGLAS® insulation fabricated with hot asphalt (ASTM D 312. Limits • Do not use at or below temperatures where liquid oxygen (LOX) will form (-297°F/-183°C). • Where stainless steel stress corrosion potential exists. -100°F (-73°C) to Ambient • Joint zone is permeable to water vapor below ambient. • Where stainless steel stress corrosion potential exists. Type III) in all joints. • Can be installed directly on hot surfaces. 251°F (122°C) to 400°F (204°C) Hydrocal® B-11* Bonded Single or multiple layers of FOAMGLAS® insulation fabricated with a special inorganic adhesive. Bonding adhesive may smoke in contact with shot surfaces above 125°F (52°C). – operating above 900°F (482°C). • Bonding adhesive softens and may smoke in contact with hot surfaces above 125°F (52°C). ventilation is recommended. cover with a vapor retarder finish. recommended only in well ventilated areas. readily available fabrication technique for cold to moderately warm applications. StrataFab® sections were installed in succession and butted against one another with PITTWRAP® butt stripes at the interfaces. *A product of U. It incorporates a oneinch layer of fibrous glass felt material directly around the pipe. – undergoing excessive vibration. 401°F (205°C) to 1200°F (649°C) • Not for service on systems containing combustible liquids. -450°F (-268°C) to Ambient • Joint zone is permeable to water vapor below ambient. StrataFab® System A patented method of fabricating FOAMGLAS® insulation by bonding blocks together with a hightemperature-resistant. Benefits • Standard. multi-layered stack from which are cut the desired insulation shapes. Ambient to 900°F (482°C) • When used in a tunnel. • When above ground. 21 FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS 22 . covered with FOAMGLAS® insulation. or other confined air space. and heat sealed. • Minimal breakage during shipment and installation. Ambient to 900°F (482°C) FOAMGLAS® insulation was installed as part of a composite insulation system. See MSDS for safe handling and use.

1 kmph Wind Velocity • 0.00 10.0 5.00 48.00 1.5 -35 -15 -20 -5 -5 -15 5 10 15 20 20 15 20 25 25 25 25 25 25 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 2.50 2. TABLE 10: English (°F) OUTDOOR DESIGN CONDITIONS: 80°F Ambient • 80.00 16.50 0.75 1.00 16.3 254.00 60.00 24.00 8.0 139.50 3.00 12.9°C Dew Point • 12. • Compare 8 and 9 for the effect of a change of relative humidity indoors.90 Emittance NPS 0.0 BTU/HR SQFT TABLE 10: Metric (°C) OUTDOOR DESIGN CONDITIONS: 26.50 3.00 60.0 -235 -180 -190 -190 -130 -150 -95 -85 -70 -65 -55 -55 -50 -40 -35 -30 -30 -30 -25 -25 -25 -25 -25 -25 -25 -20 -20 -20 -20 2.00 72.0 18.0 -395 -325 -440 -260 -355 -240 -330 -430 -185 -255 -335 -430 -200 -150 -130 -110 -110 -95 -80 -75 -65 -60 -60 -55 -55 -50 -50 -50 -45 -45 -45 -40 -40 -40 -40 -35 -265 -200 -175 -165 -145 -130 -115 -105 -95 -90 -85 -80 -75 -75 -75 -70 -70 -65 -65 -60 -60 -60 -60 -55 -340 -260 -240 -210 -190 -170 -145 -135 -125 -115 -115 -110 -105 -100 -100 -95 -90 -90 -85 -85 -80 -80 -80 -75 -350 -305 -265 -240 -210 -185 -170 -155 -150 -145 -140 -130 -125 -125 -120 -115 -115 -110 -105 -105 -100 -100 -95 -440 -375 -330 -295 -260 -225 -210 -195 -185 -175 -170 -165 -155 -155 -145 -145 -140 -135 -130 -125 -125 -120 -115 7.5 10. INCHES 3.3 254.4 BTU/HR SQFT -33 -42 -32 -29 -109 -85 -88 -70 -66 -184 -148 -151 -154 -112 -239 -227 -168 -182 -132 -118 -109 -99 -97 -86 -81 -72 -69 -67 -65 -63 -62 -62 -61 -60 -59 -58 -58 -57 -56 -56 -54 -241 -256 -187 -171 -151 -137 -132 -117 -110 -99 -95 -91 -89 -87 -85 -84 -82 -81 -80 -79 -78 -77 -76 -75 -73 TABLE 9: Metric (°C) SEVERE INDOOR DESIGN CONDITIONS: 26. • Compare 9 and 10 for the effect of a change in wind velocity.00 20.7 KCAL/HR SQM • MAXIMUM HEAT GAIN=49.00 12.50 -47 -425 MINIMUM HEAT GAIN=7.00 6.9 228.00 8.9°F Dew Point • 0.4 165.6 114.0% Relative Humidity • 73.00 6.00 96.0 279.00 FLAT 1.00 14.75 1.00 42.00 14.0 279.0 mph Wind Velocity • 0.5 8.00 168.00 30.00 28.5 6.0 8.0 kmph Wind Velocity • 0.00 18.90 Emittance NPS 0.6 241.7 152.00 4.50 0. contact your Pittsburgh Corning representative.4 304.6 241.7°C Ambient • 80.8 0.00 6.00 60.00 4.0 -85 -65 -65 -70 -40 -50 -25 -15 -10 -10 -5 -5 0 5 5 5 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 15 15 15 15 2.3 127.90 Emittance NPS 0. • Compare different pairs of tables to determine the effect when one ambient condition changes.0 11. INCHES 4.00 24.5 FOAMGLAS® INSULATION THICKNESS.00 30.2 -176 -148 -122 -116 -90 -96 -73 -68 -61 -55 -54 -48 -45 -41 -39 -38 -37 -36 -35 -34 -34 -33 -32 -32 -31 -31 -30 -30 -29 FOAMGLAS INSULATION THICKNESS.5 76.00 14.00 11.5 -400 -310 -295 -215 -235 -160 -140 -130 -115 -110 -95 -90 -75 -70 -65 -65 -60 -60 -60 -55 -55 -55 -55 -50 -50 -50 -50 -45 3.8 190.8 190.0 5.00 16.3°F Dew Point • 0.00 120.0 -430 -315 -335 -240 -220 -190 -170 -165 -140 -130 -115 -110 -105 -100 -95 -95 -95 -90 -90 -85 -85 -85 -80 -80 -80 -75 -445 -350 -305 -265 -255 -225 -195 -180 -160 -150 -145 -145 -135 -135 -130 -125 -125 -120 -120 -115 -115 -115 -110 -105 -410 -380 -340 -295 -255 -235 -215 -200 -195 -190 -180 -175 -175 -170 -165 -160 -155 -155 -150 -150 -145 -140 -440 -380 -325 -300 -270 -260 -250 -245 -230 -225 -220 -215 -210 -205 -200 -195 -190 -185 -185 -175 -415 -380 -340 -325 -315 -305 -290 -280 -275 -265 -255 -250 -245 -240 -230 -230 -225 -210 TABLE 9: English (°F) SEVERE INDOOR DESIGN CONDITIONS: 80°F Ambient • 80.2 215.5 -128 -107 -87 -85 -64 -70 -51 -45 -42 -38 -38 -34 -32 -28 -27 -26 -25 -24 -23 -23 -23 -22 -22 -21 -21 -21 -20 -20 -20 76.5 203.00 18.4 KCAL/HR SQM 23 FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS 24 .00 48.8 -237 -198 -262 -164 -216 -153 -203 -259 -121 -161 -204 -257 ® -26 -22 -20 -17 -14 -81 -53 -47 -41 -37 -36 -36 -34 -28 -26 -25 -24 -23 -23 -23 -23 -22 -22 -22 -22 -21 -21 -21 -21 -126 -89 -79 -70 -67 -61 -59 -56 -49 -47 -45 -43 -42 -42 -41 -41 -40 -40 -39 -39 -38 -38 -38 -37 -231 -203 -196 -173 -153 -143 -130 -124 -120 -117 -113 -111 -109 -107 -105 -103 -101 -100 -98 -97 -96 -93 -256 -223 -195 -182 -165 -157 -152 -149 -143 -139 -138 -134 -131 -129 -126 -125 -122 -121 -119 -115 -247 -228 -207 -197 -191 -186 -178 -172 -170 -165 -161 -158 -154 -152 -148 -146 -144 -138 -257 -245 -236 -229 -219 -211 -208 -201 -195 -192 -186 -182 -178 -175 -172 -164 -130 -101 -90 -81 -79 -71 -64 -60 -55 -53 -51 -50 -48 -47 -46 -45 -44 -44 -43 -42 -41 -41 -40 -39 -165 -129 -115 -110 -100 -90 -81 -77 -70 -67 -66 -64 -62 -60 -59 -58 -56 -56 -54 -53 -52 -52 -51 -49 -207 -163 -152 -136 -125 -112 -100 -94 -87 -84 -81 -79 -76 -74 -73 -71 -69 -68 -66 -65 -64 -63 -62 -60 -213 -187 -167 -152 -136 -121 -114 -106 -102 -98 -96 -92 -89 -88 -85 -83 -82 -79 -78 -76 -75 -74 -71 -262 -228 -202 -183 -162 -145 -136 -126 -121 -117 -114 -109 -105 -104 -100 -98 -96 -93 -91 -89 -88 -86 -82 -243 -219 -193 -171 -160 -149 -143 -138 -134 -128 -123 -121 -117 -114 -111 -108 -106 -103 -101 -99 -94 -262 -228 -201 -188 -175 -167 -161 -156 -148 -142 -140 -135 -131 -128 -124 -121 -117 -115 -113 -107 -236 -220 -204 -194 -186 -180 -170 -163 -161 -154 -149 -146 -141 -137 -133 -130 -127 -120 -256 -237 -224 -215 -207 -195 -187 -183 -175 -169 -165 -159 -155 -149 -146 -143 -133 -256 -252 -242 -235 -230 -217 -211 -207 -203 -193 -259 -247 -237 -223 -213 -208 -198 -191 -186 -179 -174 -167 -163 -159 -148 -254 -241 -236 -224 -216 -209 -200 -194 -186 -182 -176 -163 -253 -242 -235 -224 -216 -207 -201 -195 -180 -263 -249 -241 -230 -223 -215 -197 -254 -246 -237 -215 36.5 7.00 96.00 72.0% Relative Humidity • 73.6 BTU/HR SQFT • MAXIMUM HEAT GAIN=16.00 4.00 168.50 2.0 -285 -235 -185 -175 -130 -140 95 -90 -75 -65 -65 -55 -50 -40 -35 -35 -35 -30 -30 -30 -25 -25 -25 -25 -25 -20 -20 -20 -20 FOAMGLAS® INSULATION THICKNESS.00 48.00 8. MM 88.0 139.7 152.5 5.00 1.00 8.00 28.6 BTU/HR SQFT • MAXIMUM HEAT GAIN=9.00 6.0 4.5 KCAL/HR SQM • MAXIMUM HEAT GAIN=25.0 12.00 20.1 -37 -28 -29 -22 -20 -28 -15 -13 -10 -8 -8 -9 -8 -5 -4 -4 -3 -3 -3 -3 -3 -2 -2 -2 -2 -2 -2 -2 -2 50.00 36.00 14.00 1.00 10.5 mph Wind Velocity • 0.00 1.0 9.0 7.4 304.1 177.4 -10 -4 -9 -4 -3 -2 0 0 1 3 38.3 127.0% Relative Humidity • 22.5 -195 -160 -125 -120 -80 -95 -60 -50 -45 -35 -35 -25 -25 -15 -15 -10 -10 -10 -10 -10 -5 -5 -5 -5 -5 -5 -5 -5 0 3.00 42.00 12.00 168.00 36.3°F Dew Point • 7.5 9.50 2.00 FLAT 1.00 5.00 72.0 6.5 10.6 114.00 18.50 0.00 120.90 Emittance NPS 0.7°C Ambient • 80.00 10.00 20.00 24.00 30.50 3.00 96.4 165.00 42.00 120.00 48.00 FLAT -264 -257 -249 -244 -238 -224 -260 MINIMUM HEAT GAIN=35.00 12.5 4.1 177.0 6.00 28.5 6.5 8.00 28.2 FOAMGLAS® INSULATION THICKNESS.00 5.5 7.9 101.00 2.50 2.00 120.00 16.8 63.0 15 25 15 25 30 30 35 35 35 40 1.0 12.5 203. MM 88.00 2.00 25.00 42. • Compare 10 and 11 for the effect of a change in surface emittance outdoors.5 9.00 60.00 30.00 20.SECTION 11 TEMPERATURE LIMITS TEMPERATURE LIMITS SECTION 11 RE C OMME NDED L O W E R P IP E T EMP ER AT UR E L IM IT S TO P R EV E NT CO NDENSAT IO N The tables on these pages provide the minimum operating temperatures for pipe diameter/ insulation thickness combinations below which condensation can be expected to occur for the ambient conditions given.0 -30 -10 -25 -10 -5 0 5 5 10 15 1.0 9.00 36.4 38.0 3.5 5.0 8.00 24.8 -67 -54 -56 -58 -41 -48 -32 -28 -24 -23 -21 -21 -19 -16 -15 -14 -14 -13 -13 -13 -12 -12 -12 -12 -11 -11 -11 -11 -10 63.75 1.9 228.0% Relative Humidity • 22.50 3.00 FLAT 25.0 -430 -405 -390 -375 -355 -340 -335 -320 -310 -305 -295 -285 -280 -275 -265 -255 -435 -415 -405 -390 -375 -365 -350 -345 -330 -325 -315 -295 -405 -360 -315 -275 -255 -235 -225 -215 -205 -195 -190 -185 -175 -170 -165 -160 -155 -150 -150 -145 -135 -435 -375 -330 -305 -280 -265 -255 -245 -235 -225 -220 -210 -200 -195 -190 -185 -180 -175 -170 -160 -390 -360 -335 -315 -300 -290 -275 -260 -255 -245 -235 -230 -220 -215 -205 -200 -195 -180 -425 -390 -370 -355 -340 -320 -300 -295 -280 -270 -265 -250 -245 -235 -230 -225 -205 -435 -415 -405 -390 -380 -370 -345 -445 -430 -400 -435 -410 -395 -370 -350 -340 -325 -310 -300 -290 -280 -265 -260 -250 -235 -425 -400 -390 -370 -355 -345 -325 -315 -300 -295 -285 -260 -420 -405 -390 -370 -355 -340 -330 -320 -290 -440 -415 -400 -380 -370 -355 -320 -425 -410 -395 -355 MINIMUM HEAT GAIN=11.00 4.1 50.9 101.00 10.00 2.00 168.5 -125 -90 -95 -70 -60 -85 -45 -35 -25 -20 -20 -20 -15 -5 -5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 5 5 5 5 5 2.00 2.8 KCAL/HR SQM -256 MINIMUM HEAT GAIN=20.00 96.75 1.0 4.00 5. For design conditions not covered in these tables.00 5.2 215.00 72.

4 38.5 8.00 72.5 7.00 10.00 28. MM 88.00 -440 -425 -380 96.00 FLAT 25.5 7.00 4.3 127.00 1.5 9.00 6.9 101.00 20. INCHES 4.5 -181 -144 -110 -107 -71 -83 -48 -39 -35 -28 -29 -22 -19 -11 -10 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -2 -1 0 0 0 1 2 3.8 190.00 24.00 72.00 4.00 6.5 4.6 241.1 KCAL/HR SQM • MAXIMUM HEAT GAIN=40.8 190.50 2.00 120.00 5.SECTION 11 TEMPERATURE LIMITS INSULATION THICKNESSES FOR PROCESS PIPING SECTION 12 I NS ULATI ON THI C KNES SES FOR PROCESS PI PI NG TO LIMIT HEAT GAIN TO 9 BTU/HR•FT2 (28.5 mph Wind Velocity • 0.00 36.5 203.00 120.00 16.7 152.2 215.00 8.9 101.50 2.5 6.00 42.00 42.00 14.0 279.00 12.00 60.4 165.00 6.4 W/SQM) TABLE 11: English (°F) OUTDOOR DESIGN CONDITIONS: 80°F Ambient • 80.3 127.00 168.00 12.50 2.00 24.0 -5 10 0 10 15 15 20 25 30 30 1.00 FLAT -393 -344 -310 -272 -240 -224 -205 -195 -187 -181 -171 -164 -161 -154 -149 -145 -140 -136 -132 -129 -126 -118 -427 -382 -334 -294 -273 -250 -238 -228 -220 -207 -199 -195 -186 -180 -175 -169 -164 -159 -155 -151 -141 -405 -355 -329 -302 -286 -273 -263 -248 -237 -232 -222 -214 -208 -200 -194 -187 -183 -178 -166 -426 -392 -360 -340 -325 -312 -293 -279 -273 -260 -251 -244 -233 -227 -218 -213 -207 -192 -430 -395 -375 -360 -345 -325 -310 -300 -290 -280 -270 -260 -250 -245 -235 -230 -215 -445 -420 -405 -380 -360 -350 -335 -320 -310 -300 -290 -280 -270 -265 -245 -427 -402 -382 -367 -343 -326 -319 -303 -291 -282 -270 -261 -251 -245 -237 -219 -448 -428 -399 -378 -369 -350 -335 -325 -309 -299 -286 -279 -270 -248 -440 -415 -405 -385 -370 -360 -340 -330 -315 -310 -300 -275 -436 -426 -402 -384 -371 -353 -340 -325 -316 -305 -279 -438 -423 -400 -385 -367 -356 -343 -311 -440 -425 -405 -390 -380 -345 -435 -412 -399 -384 -346 -446 -428 -384 -425 MINIMUM HEAT GAIN=8.00 2.0 ± 0.0 29 40 31 38 40 41 45 45 47 49 1.3°F Dew Point • 7.00 6.00 20.0 8.50 0.4 304.00 16.00 14.00 30.0 12.0 4.00 10.0% Relative Humidity • 22.00 18.40 Emittance NPS 0.0 4.0 6.75 1.00 48.1 BTU/hr•ft2 Heat Flow Limit • 7.00 10.1 BTU/hr•ft2 Heat Flow Limit • 12. INCHES 3.8 63.00 30.5 5.2 215.00 1.00 168.00 96.00 5.0 9.5 -290 -235 -185 -175 -125 -135 -90 -75 -65 -55 -55 -45 -35 -30 -25 -20 -20 -20 -15 -15 -15 -15 -15 -15 -15 -10 -10 -10 -10 3.5 6.5 76.3 254.00 1.4 -32 -21 -28 -20 -17 -15 -11 -10 -7 -5 38.00 5.00 72.0 12.0% Relative Humidity • 73.00 48.50 0.0 9.75 1.0 -415 -335 -265 -245 -185 -195 -140 -125 -105 -95 -85 -70 -65 -55 -50 -45 -45 -40 -40 -40 -40 -35 -35 -35 -35 -30 -30 -30 -30 FOAMGLAS® INSULATION THICKNESS.5 FOAMGLAS® INSULATION THICKNESS.00 14.40 Emittance NPS 0.40 Emittance NPS 0.00 42.7°C Ambient • 80.0 -433 -349 -331 -253 -263 -197 -172 -163 -147 -130 -113 -106 -94 -90 -86 -83 -78 -75 -74 -71 -68 -66 -64 -62 -60 -59 -57 -54 7.0 11.0 ± 0.00 4.50 -1 -222 -205 -157 -164 -123 -113 -100 -91 -86 -76 -71 -64 -60 -58 -57 -55 -54 -53 -52 -51 -50 -49 -49 -48 -47 -47 -46 -210 -223 -169 -148 -131 -126 -112 -99 -92 -83 -79 -76 -75 -72 -70 -70 -68 -67 -66 -64 -64 -62 -62 -61 -59 -219 -190 -178 -160 -141 -124 -115 -105 -99 -97 -94 -91 -89 -88 -85 -84 -82 -81 -79 -78 -77 -76 -73 4 0 3 4 -28 -19 -20 -14 -13 -57 -44 -47 -50 -34 -118 -98 -79 -77 -57 -168 -140 -114 -110 -84 -90 -67 -62 -56 -51 -50 -45 -43 -38 -36 -35 -35 -33 -32 -32 -31 -30 -30 -29 -28 -28 -28 -27 -26 -231 -192 -158 -148 -116 -258 -212 -201 -158 -164 -127 -113 -108 -99 -90 -81 -76 -70 -67 -65 -64 -61 -59 -59 -57 -55 -54 -53 -52 -51 -50 -49 -47 -261 -204 -209 -163 -153 -137 -125 -113 -101 -96 -88 -85 -82 -80 -77 -74 -73 -71 -69 -68 -66 -65 -63 -63 -61 -59 -261 -217 -191 -170 -155 -139 -125 -118 -109 -104 -101 -98 -94 -91 -89 -86 -84 -83 -80 -79 -77 -76 -74 -71 -256 -222 -199 -174 -152 -141 -129 -123 -119 -117 -112 -109 -107 -104 -102 -100 -98 -96 -94 -93 -92 -88 -246 -212 -185 -170 -156 -150 -145 -141 -135 -131 -129 -125 -122 -120 -117 -115 -112 -110 -108 -104 5 7 7 8 9 -21 -8 -6 -4 -2 -2 -3 -2 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 -41 -25 -22 -18 -18 -15 -16 -15 -11 -11 -10 -10 -9 -9 -9 -8 -8 -8 -7 -7 -7 -7 -7 -6 -64 -44 -39 -37 -33 -34 -30 -28 -24 -23 -22 -22 -21 -20 -20 -19 -19 -18 -18 -18 -17 -17 -17 -16 -126 -96 -86 -77 -76 -69 -62 -59 -53 -51 -50 -49 -47 -45 -45 -43 -42 -42 -41 -40 -39 -39 -38 -37 -236 -209 -190 -169 -151 -142 -131 -126 -121 -118 -112 -108 -107 -103 -100 -98 -95 -93 -91 -89 -87 -83 -255 -230 -203 -181 -169 -157 -150 -144 -140 -133 -128 -126 -121 -118 -115 -111 -109 -106 -104 -102 -96 -243 -215 -200 -185 -176 -169 -164 -155 -149 -147 -141 -136 -133 -129 -125 -122 -119 -116 -110 -254 -235 -218 -207 -198 -191 -180 -173 -169 -162 -157 -153 -147 -143 -139 -136 -132 -124 -245 -226 -215 -207 -201 -191 -183 -180 -174 -169 -165 -160 -156 -152 -149 -146 -138 -255 -241 -230 -221 -208 -199 -195 -186 -179 -174 -167 -163 -157 -153 -149 -139 -266 -256 -239 -228 -223 -212 -204 -198 -189 -184 -177 -172 -167 -155 -263 -251 -246 -234 -226 -220 -212 -206 -199 -195 -190 -178 -261 -253 -243 -235 -226 -221 -215 -200 -260 -254 -241 -231 -224 -214 -207 -198 -193 -187 -172 -261 -252 -240 -232 -221 -215 -208 -191 -259 -247 -239 -231 -210 -265 -255 -231 -250 MINIMUM HEAT GAIN=27.0 -71 -48 -53 -58 -29 -41 -13 -7 -1 0 3 2 4 11 12 12 13 14 15 15 16 16 17 17 18 18 18 19 19 2.3 254.0 5.0 6.9 228.00 60.00 36.4 165.5 203.2 FOAMGLAS® INSULATION THICKNESS.00 10.50 0.00 FLAT 25.00 16.00 -246 -237 -224 -215 -211 -202 -196 -191 -184 -180 -174 -171 -167 -157 18.5 mph Wind Velocity • 0.00 8.0 8.00 4.1 177.5 10.50 3.0 TABLE 12: English (°F) SEVERE DESIGN CONDITIONS: 90.00 48.75 1.00 120.8 0.00 120.6 241.00 60.00 72.00 2.5 8.00 28.00 168. MM 88.0 11.00 48.00 -257 -250 -243 -224 96.50 2.2 FOAMGLAS® INSULATION THICKNESS.00 168.50 3.9°C Dew Point • 12.00 28.0 139.0°F Ambient • -9.00 42.0 279.0 5.00 8.7 152.4 BTU/HR SQFT TABLE 11: Metric (°C) OUTDOOR DESIGN CONDITIONS: 26.0 -370 -335 -255 -270 -200 -175 -150 -145 -125 -105 -95 -85 -75 -75 -70 -65 -65 -65 -60 -60 -60 -55 -55 -55 -50 -50 -50 -350 -355 -265 -230 -210 -190 -165 -140 -130 -115 -105 -105 -100 -95 -90 -90 -85 -85 -80 -80 -80 -75 -75 -75 -70 -345 -310 -270 -240 -210 -180 -165 -150 -140 -135 -130 -125 -120 -120 -115 -110 -110 -105 -100 -100 -95 -95 -90 -384 -314 -253 -235 -176 -195 -142 -123 -107 -105 -93 -80 -74 -64 -61 -58 -56 -52 -50 -49 -47 -45 -43 -42 -40 -39 -38 -37 -34 -437 -336 -344 -261 -243 -215 -194 -171 -151 -141 -127 -121 -116 -113 -107 -102 -100 -96 -93 -91 -88 -85 -83 -81 -79 -74 -438 -359 -312 -274 -248 -218 -193 -180 -164 -156 -150 -145 -137 -132 -129 -124 -120 -117 -113 -110 -107 -104 -102 -96 -390 -340 -300 -260 -225 -205 -185 -175 -170 -165 -155 -150 -150 -145 -140 -135 -130 -130 -125 -120 -120 -115 -420 -370 -315 -275 -250 -230 -220 -210 -205 -190 -185 -180 -175 -170 -165 -160 -155 -150 -150 -145 -135 -380 -330 -300 -275 -265 -255 -245 -230 -220 -220 -210 -200 -195 -190 -185 -180 -175 -170 -160 -390 -360 -335 -315 -300 -290 -275 -265 -260 -245 -240 -230 -225 -215 -210 -205 -200 -185 2.00 5.00 30.0 -271 -220 -174 -166 -119 -131 -89 -81 -69 -60 -59 -49 -45 -36 -34 -32 -31 -28 -26 -26 -24 -23 -22 -21 -20 -19 -18 -17 -15 3.00 12.00 96.00 28.50 3.00 1.00 18.00 -445 -425 -410 -390 -375 -360 -350 -335 -310 36.0 139.8 -126 -102 -104 -105 -77 -86 -60 -53 -46 -44 -39 -37 -35 -29 -28 -26 -25 -24 -24 -24 -23 -23 -23 -22 -22 -22 -21 -21 -21 63.0 -140 -110 -110 -110 -70 -85 -50 -40 -30 -25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 0 0 0 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 10 2.75 1.5 -18 -2 -5 6 8 -5 17 20 24 27 26 25 26 32 32 33 33 33 34 34 34 35 35 35 35 36 36 36 36 2.00 18.5 9.6 114.00 1.00 36.00 FLAT 1.8 TABLE 12: Metric (°C) SEVERE DESIGN CONDITIONS: 32.1 -76 -60 -61 -47 -44 -55 -35 -30 -26 -22 -21 -21 -19 -14 -13 -12 -12 -11 -11 -11 -10 -10 -10 -10 -10 -9 -9 -9 -9 50.00 14.00 60.1 177.00 24.9 228.1 kmph Wind Velocity • 0.50 3.4 304.00 24.00 2.00 12.00 30.00 20.5 10.1 kmph Wind Velocity • 0.0 7.00 -257 -223 -204 -188 -180 -174 -169 -161 -156 -153 -148 -144 -141 -137 -135 -131 -129 -126 -121 8.5 -240 -196 -158 -149 -113 -121 -89 -79 -73 -66 -64 -56 -52 -46 -43 -41 -40 -39 -38 -38 -37 -36 -36 -35 -35 -34 -34 -34 -33 76.40 Emittance NPS 0.00 16.1 KCAL/HR SQM 25 FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS 26 .00 20.6 114.5 -70 -45 -50 -30 -25 -40 -10 -5 0 5 10 10 10 15 20 20 20 20 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 2.5 5.1 50.5 BTU/HR SQFT • MAXIMUM HEAT GAIN=12.2°C Ambient • -9.

0 114.7 482.5* 1.5* 38.5 1.5* 1.5 3.5 38. INCHES 4.5 203.2 1.5 1.0 127.5 1.5 1.0 3.0 5.5 1.6 BTU/HR SQ FT TABLE 13: Metric (mm) Hot Pipe Worse Case 26.0°F Ambient for Surface Temperature ≤140.5 DEG C 93.5 38.5 4.5 190.0 89.0 12.0 89.5 178.0 18.5* 38.0 600.0 400.0 12.0 102.0 1.5* 38.0 1.0 7.0°F: 0.5 51.0 3.5 38.0 12.0 COLD Process: PITTSEAL® 444N Sealant HOT Process: Hydrocal ® B11 To Provide Slip Surface FOAMGLAS ® Insulation COLD Process Only: Stainless Steel Bands Both Sides COLD Process Only: Vapor Barrier Sheet MAXIMUM HEAT FLOW = 71.5 2.5 8.5* 38. Contact your Pittsburgh Corning representative for assistance on other typical details.5 2.0 2.5 9.5 3.5 38.0 89.5 1.5 241.0 2.0 NOMINAL PIPE DIAMETER.5 76.5* 38.0 89.5 1.0 38.5 3.5 63.5 2.5 38.5* 1.0 51.0 NOMINAL PIPE DIAMETER.40 Surface Emittance • 0.5 36.5* 1.0 102.5 1.5 2.0 127.0 76.0 51.0 5.0 5.5 38.0 1.5 1.5 63.5 38.5 38.0 63.5 2.5 1.5 1.0 165.5 38.5 2.0 18.5 1.5 3.SECTION 13 INSULATION THICKNESSES FOR PERSONNEL PROTECTION ABOVE GROUND AND UNDERGROUND INSTALLATION SECTION 14 RE C OMME NDED I NS U LAT IO N T HICK NESSES FO R PE RS O NNE L P R O TEC TI O N SURFACE TEMPERATURE ≤ 140°F TABLE 13: English (inches) Hot Pipe Worse Case 80.0 102.5 5.5 38.5 2.5* 1.0 51.0 10.0 152.5* 1.0 3.5* 38.5 4.5 1.0 6.0 1.0 mph Average Wind Velocity 0.5 1.5 2.0 FOAMGLAS® Insulation Support Ring COLD Process: PITTSEAL® 444N Sealant HOT Process: Hydrocal® B11 COLD Process Only: Stainless Steel Bands Both Sides COLD Process Only: PITTSEAL® 444N Sealant Both Sides To Bare Insulation COLD Process Only: Vapor Barrier Sheet FOAMGLAS ® Insulation Cushioning Material 9" (228 mm) MAXIMUM HEAT FLOW = 107.5 5.5* 1.0 38.5 38.0 TABLE 13A: English (inches) Hot Pipe Worse Case 80.0 38.5 38.0 500.7 482.5 102.5 38.0 76.5 51.5 102.0 500. 27 FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS 28 .5 165.5* 1.5* 38.5 4.5 2.0 51.0 51.5 38.5 2.5* 38.0 315.0 24.5 3.5 3.0 63.0 700.90 Surface Emittance • 0.0 3.5* 1.5* 1.0 kmph Average Wind Velocity 0.0 2.5 3.5 140.5 38.5 4.5 51.0 4.5 1.9 204.0 5.5 38.0 3.5 102.0 36.5 1.5 63.0 14.5* 1.5* 38.5 89.5 1.5 63.5 4.5 2.5 3.5 38.0 14.5 1.0 600.0 14.0 6.0 114.0 FLAT 38.0 FOAMGLAS® INSULATION THICKNESS.0 4.6 371.5* 1.0 102.5* 38.5 DEG F 200.5 38. INCHES 4.5 2.0 FLAT 1.5* 38.5 5.0 800.0 2.5 51.0 127.0 1.5 51.9 204.0 89.0 4.5 63.0 10.0°C: 0.0 3.0 4.5 38.5 76.0 51.0 6.0 6.5 76.0 38.5 51.0 2.0 3.5 FOAMGLAS® INSULATION THICKNESS.0 4.5* 1.0 8.5 3.5 2.0°C: 0.5* 38.6 371.0 FOAMGLAS® INSULATION THICKNESS.0 2.5* 1.0 63.5* 38.0 3.0 89.5 51.5 38.5* 1.5* 1.5* 1.5 2. INCHES 1.5 76.5 8.0 315.5* 1.0 63.4 BTU/HR SQ FT TABLE 13A: Metric (mm) Hot Pipe Worse Case 26.5 38.5 38.5 3.5 1.5 5.5 51.5* 38.5 3.0 8.0 2.5 1.5 1.0°F: 0.0 2.5* 1.0 4.5 51.5 30. MM 38.5 1.5 24.0 6.0 1.5 76.5 3.5 1.5 1.5 114.5 4.0 kmph Average Wind Velocity 0.0 76.5* 1.5 7.0 3.5 51.5 1.0 102.5* 1.5 2.0 800.5 38.0 63. MM 38.0 18.5* 1.5 1.5 2.0 6.5* 1.5 1.0 89.0 89.5 3.0 1.5* 1.5 3.5 5.5 2.0 63.0 900.5 38.3 148.0 63.5 1.5 4.5 1.5 76.0 1.5 190.5* 1.0 3.0 102.5 2.0 1.0 2.5 5.0 38.0 140.5 24.0 38.1 KCAL/HR SQ M FIGURE 10: Vertical Contraction Joint Finish (Metal Jacket or Mastic) 30.0 114.0 2.5 7.0 51.0 1.0 2.5 38.0 5.0 140.5 DEG C 93.5 38.5 127.0 8.5 1.0 900.5* 1.5 2.5 76.0 7.0 3.5 38.5 1.0 6.5* 38.0 8.5 63.5 1.5 63.5 2.5 38.5 76.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 2.0 6.5* 38.5* 38.5 1.5 76.0 2.5* 38.7°C Ambient for Surface Temperature ≤60.0 76.5 1.5 1.5 3.0 2.5 89.5 114.5 51.5 3.0 76.5 102.0 10.5 1.5 1.5 38.5* 38.0 NOMINAL PIPE DIAMETER.0 1.0 127.0 127.0 102.5 63.5 4.5* 1.5 38.5 89.5 FLAT 1.5 2.5* 38.5 1.5 38.5* 1.0 2.0 2.0 127.5 2.0 6.5 38.5* 38.0 38.5 38.5 38.3 KCAL/HR SQ M * Thickness based on mechanical requirements and not necessarily personnel protection.0 5.0 38.5* 38. INCHES 4.2 38.0 MAXIMUM HEAT FLOW = 291.5 38.5* 1.0 1.5 2.5 38.5 2.5* 38.5 38.0 38.5 FOAMGLAS INSULATION THICKNESS.0 3.5* 1.5* 38.1 426.0 1.5 38.0 4.5* 1.5 51.5 3.5 1.5 2.5* 38.0 4.0 152.5 38.5 3.0 140.5* 38.5 76.5 2.0 400.5 38.5 1.0 63.5 6.5 4.5* 38.5 76.5 38.0 7.5 3.5 76.5 2.5* 38.0 152.5 38.0 76.5 3.5 6.0 3.5* 38.0 18.5 3.5 203.5 2.5 3.5 1.0 3.0 5.0 12.0 10.0 63.0 3.5* 38.5 89.0 114.0 5.0 89.0 2.5 1.0°F Ambient for Surface Temperature ≤140.5* 38.0 114.5 2.0 165.0 1.5* 38.0 4.0 63.5 30.5 38.5 FLAT 38.5 Finish (Metal Jacket or Mastic) 38.5 38.5 38.5* 1.5 1.5 38.4 260.5 1.90 Surface Emittance • 0.5* 38.0 2.5* 1.5 1.5 1.5 89.5* 38.5 36.0 300.5 2.5 76.0 2.5* 38.0 51.0 2.0 6.5 1.5 63.5 63.0 1.5* 1.40 Surface Emittance • 0.5 2.5* 1.5 89.5 140.5 102.0 38.5 38.0 2.5 1.5 1.5 63.3 148.0 51.0 mph Average Wind Velocity 0.0 190.0 1.5 2.5 3.5 1.5 38. INCHES 4.5 1.0 2.5 102.4 260. INCHES 1.0 3.0 63.5 152.7°C Ambient for Surface Temperature ≤60.5 51.1 426.5 114.5* 1.0 38.5 51.5 3.5 4.5* 1.0 51.0 2.0 114.0 4.0 127.5 38.0 1.0 ® (60°C) TYPI CAL ABOVE G ROUND I NS TALLATI ON D E T AI LS FIGURE 9: Two-Layer Expansion Contraction Joint 14.0 3.0 30.0 102.5 51.5* 1.5* 1.5 2.0 4.5 127.0 2" (50 mm) 8" (203 mm) 2" (50 mm) Cushioning Material HOT and COLD Process COLD Process Only: PITTSEAL® 444N Sealant Both Sides To Bare Insulation MAXIMUM HEAT FLOW = 194.0 63.0 51.0 300.5 1.5 152.0 178.5 38.5* 38.5 127.5 DEG F 200.5* 38.5 63.0 2.5 4.5 4.5 114.5 51.5 38.5 89.5 1.5 89.5* 38.0 89.5 76.5 51.0 6.5 38.0 24.5 63.0 5.0 NOMINAL PIPE DIAMETER.5 51.0 152.0 700.5* 38.5 1.0 36.5 1.

refer to Pittsburgh Corning Corporation’s FIGURE 13: Insulated Pipe Hanger (Clevis Type Only) is uniquely qualified for such remote. FOAMGLAS® insulation T FOAMGLAS® insulation also supports its own weight without sagging or slumping. The long-term thermal efficiencies. full adhered to the pipe and joints sealed with PC18 Pressure distribution galv. inaccessible applications. Pipe Hanger 4T Min. Contact your Pittsburgh Corning representative for assistance on other typical details. applied free of clearance. T Finish T Heavy Fillet of Caulking Mastic Cushioning Material Cushioning material typically TYPE E Glass Fiber Pelt. Steel sheet. 11/2"T FOAMGLAS ® Insulation Steel pipe. without stresses at nozzles. (51 mm) Oversize FOAMGLAS Insulation Round Outside Corners FOAMGLAS ® Insulation Guidelines for Using FOAMGLAS® Insulation at Pipe Hangers and Supports (Specification I-S-83-07-01).D.0 mm thick Standard pipe clamp. Contact your Pittsburgh Corning representative for assistance on other typical details. For design information. high compressive strength in an insulation material is mandatory. 1. making it ideal for vertical pipe runs of all heights (see Figure 13). impermeability. FIGURE 13B: Insulated Pipe Hanger FOAMGLAS® For Chilled Water Pipes. 2" Min. Cushioning Material Circumferential Sizing Insert to Locate Oversize FOAMGLAS® Insulation Outside O. (51 mm) T Underground Direct Burial Applications (FI-213). For design information. In this type of an installation without protective tunnels. refer to Pittsburgh Corning Corporation’s FOAMGLAS® Insulation Systems for Joint Sealant for Cold Applications Clevis Hanger Insulation Finish or Metal Jacket Bore Coating T Heavy Fillet of Caulking Mastic 11/2"T Min. corrosion resistance and extended service life of FOAMGLAS® insulation make it an ideal choice for cost-effective field installed systems. 2" Min. When properly designed and installed with FOAMGLAS® insulation ® FOAMGLAS Insulation ® T 11/2"T Min. flanges or fittings. typ PSH. 29 FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS 30 . Pipe Insulation To Be Continuous Insulation Shield FIGURE 12: Pipe Hanger Assembly Insulation Pipe Supports and Hangers An insulation that has the ability to be used as a support component Hanger Rod Flash Finish Around Hanger Rod eliminates or significantly reduces the potential problems of direct thermal paths in the system. Resistance to settlement or failure of insulated pipe supports also means that pipes remain in their proper alignment. with anticorrosion painting Half pipe sections. neither overburden loads nor above ground traffic are critical design issues. without any imput tensions. of Flange Finish incorporating a protective jacketing.SECTION 14 ABOVE GROUND AND UNDERGROUND INSTALLATION ABOVE GROUND AND UNDERGROUND INSTALLATION SECTION 14 FIGURE 11: Insulation on Line Flanges Round Outside Corners Finish Heavy Fillet of Caulking Mastic UND ERG ROUND SYSTEM S AND PI PE SUPPORTS/HANG ERS Underground Systems For direct burial of insulated pipes and vessels.

On below-ambient systems. Precautions. contact your Pittsburgh Corning representative as listed on the back cover. Staggering of joints is at the discretion of the owner or the design engineer. 2. The finish over the insulation may be either vapor retarder or weather-barrier reinforced mastic. For operating temperatures up to 160°F (71°C). The finish over FOAMGLAS® insulation on either piping or vessels may be a reinforced weather-barrier mastic or a metal jacket. Temperatures below -290°F (-179°C) Because of the highly specialized nature of applying insulation in this temperature range. either expressed or implied. Contact your Pittsburgh Corning representative for bore-coating recommendations. Pipe insulation may be secured using fiber-reinforced tape if a metal jacket will be used. For specific applications. and vessels operating in this temperature range may also be insulated by adhering FOAMGLAS® insulation to curved or flat surfaces using PC® 88 adhesive. Contact your Pittsburgh Corning representative for details concerning the use of PC 88 adhesive. environmental. contact Pittsburgh Corning to ensure that current details and revisions are incorporated. Above 400°F (204°C) Pittsburgh Corning offers several different procedures for applying FOAMGLAS® insulation to piping and vessels operating above 400°F (204°C). is made as to application or installation. The outermost layer shall have all joints sealed with joint sealant. Ambient to 400°F (204°C) FOAMGLAS® insulation shall be applied in a single layer. and/or metal jacketing. * For applications from -100°F to -60°F (-73°C to -51°C) refer to the application procedures for FOAMGLAS® insulation in the temperature range of -290°F to -60°F (-179°C to -51°C). 3. In cases where the below ambient system is operating at a temperature higher than 36°F. 6. However. The use of primers or corrosion-resistant coatings is at the discretion of the owner or the design engineer. The use of joint sealant is recommended on all systems that operate below ambient temperature for any length of time. surfaces to be insulated must be dry and clean. • To provide an outer layer that falls entirely within the applicable temperature range of a sealant. The designer may desire the use of a vapor retarder as a redundant measure. In cases where the below ambient system is operating at a temperature higher than 36°F. two bands per insulation section. No warranty of procedures. ® ® StrataFab® System pipe insulation may be applied using fiber-reinforced tape or metal bands. spheres. should be completed prior to the application of the insulation. it is recommended that you contact your Pittsburgh Corning representative for materials and procedures. The preferred system is the StrataFab® System. Contact Pittsburgh Corning for proper procedures to overcome these situations. the use of a joint sealant is at the discretion of the design engineer. The outermost layer of insulation shall be secured with metal bands of appropriate width and thickness. All testing. The proper insulation thickness should be determined through calculations based on operating. etc. the exterior surface of the insulation under metal jacket shall be coated with PITTCOTE® 300 coating to fill the surface cells. The use of a bore-coating on the inner surface of the insulation in contact with the pipe may be required if the piping undergoes frequent temperature cycles or if pronounced vibration is present. • To eliminate through joints on piping or equipment operating at extreme temperatures. the use of a joint sealant is at the discretion of the design engineer. weld pins or PC® 88 adhesive. The exterior surface of the insulation under metal jacket shall be coated with PITTCOTE® 300 coating to fill the surface cells. No warranty of any nature. -290°F to -60°F (-179°C to -51°C) FOAMGLAS® insulation shall be applied in multiple layers with all joints staggered between layers. is intended. see the above procedures given for -290°F to -60°F (-179°C to -51°C). These specifications are general in nature. such as hydrostatic. Contact your Pittsburgh Corning Corporation Representative for more information about these systems. and is required on systems that operate at or below 36°F. Contact your Pittsburgh Corning representative for specifications of materials and procedures for this method. StrataFab® System insulation for vessels tanks and equipment may be applied with metal bands. This adhesive may also be used as the joint sealant. The exterior surface of the insulation under metal jacket shall be coated with PITTCOTE® 300 coating to fill the surface cells. Direct exposure to: • Hydrofluoric acid or strong caustics • Water during freeze-thaw cycling • Prolonged exposure to condensing steam or boiling water. The use of joint sealant is recommended on all systems that operate below ambient temperature for any length of time. Ambient temperature is to be defined by the design engineer based on jobsite conditions. and the outdoor relative humidity is not routinely expected to exceed 50%. 31 FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS 32 . 4. or with metal bands if a reinforced weather-barrier mastic will be used. X-ray. Inner layers of piping insulation may be secured with fiber-reinforced tape. Pittsburgh Corning will review plans and specifications of users at no charge to assist in ensuring that proper procedures and materials are used. Multiple layers may be required: • When the total insulation thickness required is greater than the maximum single-layer thickness available. No joint sealant is required. For securement and finish recommendations. StrataFab® System -100°F to 900°F (-73°C to 482°C) The StrataFab® System shall be applied as a single layer for the temperature range of -60°F to 900°F (-51°C to 482°C). -60°F (-51°C) to Ambient FOAMGLAS® insulation may be applied in a single layer where thickness permits. Tanks. Before using this specification. These specifications are written specifically for FOAMGLAS® cellular glass insulation. Contact your Pittsburgh Corning representative if calculations are desired. There are three situations which require precautions. FOAMGLAS® insulation is impermeable to water or water vapor under most conditions.. For the temperature range of ambient to 900°F (482°C) no sealant is necessary. General Notes 1. either expressed or implied. no vapor retarder is required. and is required on systems that operate at or below 36°F. The final application procedure is the responsibility of the project designer and/or owner. Prior to application of insulation. Insulation on vessels shall be secured using metal bands. the ultimate design and installation are the responsibility of the engineer or architect. and providing that all joints between insulation sections are properly sealed. Of prime concern is that components of such a system be compatible with liquid oxygen. if one is used.SECTION 15 GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS SECTION 15 GE NE R A L S P EC I F I C ATI O NS This specification is offered as a guide for the purpose described herein and should be employed at the discretion of the user. 7. The number and thickness of layers shall be calculated so that the innermost layer is entirely above -60°F (-51°C). The finish used over the FOAMGLAS® Insulation StrataFab® System may be a weather barrier mastic or metal jacket. Contact your Pittsburgh Corning representative for recommendations on various alternatives. PC 88 adhesive may be used to secure the insulation. as appropriate for the application. and the outdoor relative humidity is not routinely expected to exceed 50%. 5. and any other special conditions.

A single component. PC® High Temp Anti-Abrasive is applied to FOAMGLAS® insulation as a reinforcement for high temeperature applications. Adheres FOAMGLAS® to continuous-support substrates. Service temperature from -30°C to 80°C (-22°F to 176°F). using the laminated technique that consists of embedding a specific reinforcement in the adhesive layer. coating and adhesive.8mm) thick self-sealing. Terostat® . A single-component. single component butyl sealant used for sealing joints in FOAMGLAS® insulation systems. noncombustible adhesive or coating for fabricating. modified bituminous membrane for protecting underground FOAMGLAS® insulation systems with outer surface temperatures below 170ºF (76. Component one is based on bitumen emulsion with synthetic additives. manufactured mineral coating used with glass fabric as a non-combustible coating and as an adhesive for FOAMGLAS® insulation. It is especially suitable for use with PC® 74 A2. PITTWRAP® CW Plus jacketing may also be factory applied on the insulation. Used with polyester fabric reinforcement.¹ A 50mil (1. silicone adhesive/sealant formulated for use at high temperatures. For the latest recommendations and specific data sheets on the individual accessories. alkali-resistant glass fabric for reinforcing mastic finishes over FOAMGLAS® insulation. isocyanates. particularly suited for use as a tack coat for nonporous substrates such as steel or aluminum prior to the application of FOAMGLAS® insulation with hot bitumen. A 125mil (3. It is normally used at ambient above temperatures to 900ºF (482ºC) where stress-crack corrosion is a concern with stainless steel An open mesh. bituminous compound separated by glass reinforcement and aluminum foil. chemical and UV resistance. and to seal protrusions and metal jacket laps. Component two is cement. The large mesh openings (approx. and to seal protrusions and metal jacket laps. Service temperature range: low to moderate. Service temperature from -196°C to +380° A mineral-based. The sources are either at PCC plant locations or Pittsburgh Corning Europe locations. Service temperature range: low to moderate.FR is a silane modified polymer base (MS® Polymer) that cures on reaction with moisture. Metal jacketing must be used over the PITTWRAP® CW30 jacketing for UV protection.SECTION 16 ACCESSORY MATERIALS ACCESSORY MATERIALS SECTION 16 Source+ USA X X X X X X X X X X X X X AC C E S S O R Y MA TE R I A LS Pittsburgh Corning Corporation offers a line of accessory materials exclusively designed for FOAMGLAS® cellular glass insulation for use in major types of industrial applications. modified bituminous membrane for protecting underground FOAMGLAS® insulation systems on chilled water and hot service¹ pipelines. cement and hydrated lime. the information ® Product HYDROCAL® B-11 PC® 11 PC® 136 Adhesive PC® 150 Description continuous-support substrates. Cures to form a flexible. PITTWRAP® SS jacketing may also be factory applied on insulation. modified bituminous membrane for protecting above ground FOAMGLAS® insulation systems on chilled water and hot service pipelines. A two-component. forms an inorganic.7ºC). cold bituminous adhesive ready to use. totally inorganic powder that has been especially formulated for filling the open surface cells of FOAMGLAS® cellular glass when used for the insulation of liquid oxygen. does not freeze and is thixotropic. Service temperature range: low to moderate. Contains no solvents. It cures to an elastomeric solid at room temperature. Release paper prevents sticking in the roll before use. Non-setting. Service temperature range -15ºC to 45ºC (5º F to 113º F). Manual pressure seals the jacketing without the use of a torch or heater. Pricing for all PC Accessories is available from your customer support representative. non-metallic sheet for protecting above ground FOAMGLAS® insulation systems on chilled water and hot service pipelines. Manual pressure seals the jacketing without the use of a torch or heater. It is especially suitable for adhering FOAMGLAS® to metal substrates. When used with appropriate interleaving membranes the desired load distribution can be achieved with slightly reduced compressive strength versus reference values under EN 826 or ASTM C240-91 testing conditions. A single component bitumen emulsion product with fillers. A one-component. A reactive gypsum product which. A two-component inorganic mortar based on specially formulated glass powder and fillers for component one and modified silica dispersion for component two. PC® 80M MORTAR is used to adhere FOAMGLAS® cellular glass to itself within a large temperature range when temperatures are very low. Pittsburgh Corning makes no warranties whatsoever. silicones or PVC. PC® 18 PC® 500 PC® 56 Adhesive PC® 74A2 PC® 80M Mortar given here is for general guidance. Service temperature from -10°C to +90°C A multi-purpose. While these materials are tested and selected especially for use with FOAMGLAS insulation. bituminous adhesive with low solvent content and a high content of extenders. single component sealant. noncombustible adhesive or coating for fabricating or bore coating FOAMGLAS® insulation. non-aging adhesive with very good adhesion to different materials. PC® 86T is suitable for use on FOAMGLAS® cellular glass as a bedding compound in specific load bearing applications. A reactive cementitious product that is mixed with water to form an inorganic. liquid nitrogen and hot tank bases. It has excellent wetting characteristics and cures to form a flexible bond that absorbs mechanical and thermal shock. Air curing is not required. PC® 11 cures to form a flexible. filling the surface cells of the insulation and providing protectcion from abrasion up to 350º C (662ºF). Pittsburgh Corning Corporation is continually evaluating accessory materials. multi-ply laminate for protecting underground FOAMGLAS® systems with outer surface temperatures below 190ºF (87. An open mesh polyester fabric for reinforcing mastics such as PITTCOTE® 404 or PITTCOTE® 300 coating over FOAMGLAS® insulation. when mixed with water. A 30mil (0.2mm) thick heat-sealable. An outer layer of polyester film is laminated to the bituminous compound. A 70mil (1. Service temperature: low to moderate. Service temperature from -30ºC to 80ºC (-22ºF to 176ºF). Can also be used on dense concrete. Stainless steel compatible. dry mix of modified calcium sulphate with inert meneral fillers. A 50mil (1. 3mm) allow heavy mastics or mineral coatings to easily penetrate and bond to the insulation and fabric surfaces. single component butyl sealant used for sealing joints in FOAMGLAS® insulation systems. cold bituminous adhesive ready to use. with lower deformation. Service temperature range: -50ºF to 400ºF (-45ºC to 204º). The thickness of the fabric ensures proper application thickness of the coating. A sprayable and gunable. PC® 500 retains long-term flexibility. A single component. and when needed for dual temperature applications. A dry. acetoxy cure. Non-setting. PITTWRAP® jacketing consists of three layers of a polymer-modified. or cycle rapidly. A thin-bodied bitumen and volatile solvent blend. Terostat® . Its tensile resistance is greater than that of PC® Fabric 79. and specifically disclaims warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular use for these accessory products.8mm) thick self-sealing.7ºC). Service temperature range: low to moderate. Manual pressure seals the jacketing without the use of a torch or heater. Manual pressure seals the jacketing without the use of a torch or heater. Metal jacketing must be used over the PITTWRAP® IW50 jacketing for UV protection. PC® 18 is used to seal the longitudinal and circumferential insulation joints of FOAMGLAS® insulation on chilled water lines. consult your distributor or Pittsburgh Corning Corporation. bore coating or forming HT reinforced FOAMGLAS® insulation shapes. A highly flexible acyrlic latex coating used with FOAMGLAS® insulation where a superior weather barrier coating is required. PITTWRAP® CW Plus jacketing consists of a polymer modified bituminous compound reinforced with a glass fabric and a 1mil (0.3mm) thick self-sealing. PC® 85 PC® 86T PC® 88 Adhesive PC® Fabric 79 PC® High Temp Anti Abrasive PC® Primer Sealer 3A PC® RTV 450 Sillicone Adhesive PITTCOTE® 300 Coating PITTCOTE® 404 Coating PITTSEAL® 444 Sealant PITTSEAL® 444N Sealant PITTWRAP CW30 Jacketing PITTWRAP® CW Plus Jacketing PITTWRAP® IW50 Jacketing PITTWRAP® Jacketing PITTWRAP® SS Jacketing Terostat-PC FR + PC Accessories are available for shipment for projects worldwide. A one-part. When dry it forms a protective hard surface.33mm) thick self-sealing. non-aging adhesive with very good adhesion to different materials. Offers good resistance to high temperatures. PITTWRAP® IW50 jacketing consists of a polymer modified bituminous compound reinforced with a glass fabric. very high.FR has good weathering. PITTWRAP® jacketing may also be factory applied on the insulation. ¹NOTE: Do not use in underground tunnels or trenches where jacketing will be exposed to air temperatures in excess of 140ºF (60ºC) 33 EUR X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS FOAMGLAS® INSULATION SYSTEMS 34 . Contains a mixture of special sands. PITTWRAP® CW30 jacketing cannot be factory applied on the insulation. two component adhesive for adhering FOAMGLAS® insulation to itself or to other porous or nonporous substrates. Service temperature range: low to moderate. solvent-free adhesive.03mm) aluminum top film and release paper backing. a 1mil polyester film and release paper backing. Vapor and weather barrier single component asphalt coating especially formulated for use with FOAMGLAS® insulation.

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