exercise 1.1
1 a

b

y

y

6
0
4

2

x

1
2 a (−2 --- , 0); (0, 5)
2
c (1, 0); (0, 5)
e (0, 4)
g (−150, 0); (0, 30)
3 a (2, 0); (0, 1)

b (2, 0); (0, −6)

y

2
2

0

2

4

x

–4
0

–2

1

b (2, 0); (0, − 4)

y

–2

CHAPTER

d (2, 0); (0, 2)
f (−2, 0); (0, 1)

0

2

–2

x

–6

x

–4
c

d

y

y

c (3, 0); (0, −3)

4
4

y
2

0

2
0
0
e

2

4 x

2

4

x

–2

x

1

–4
y
1
d (4 --- , 0); (0, −3)
2

4

y
2
0
0

f

2

x

4

2

4

6

x

–2
–4

y
2

e (2, 0); (0, −8)

y
–2

0

x

2

0
g

y

2

x

–4

30
20

–8

10
–150 –100 –50 0

x

589

f

f

(−5, 0); (0, 6)

(− 4, 0); (0, 5)

y

y

6

6

4
2

CHAPTER

1

4
0 x

–6 –4 –2

2

1
g (2 --- , 0)
2

y

–4

–2

x

0

2
5 a Let x be the number of 5 cent coins and t the
time in minutes.

0

2

4

x

–2

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

t

0

20

40

60

80

100

120

b

4 a (−1, 0); (0, −1)

t

b (−1.8, 0); (0, 4.5)

y
2

x

120

y

0

100

6

x

80
60

4

–2

40
20

2

–2

–2

y

y

2

6

0

b

2

3

4

5

6

x

y
8

4

x

1

i yes
ii no
c t = 20x
d x and t appear to the power of 1
6 a 2x + 3y = 30

x

0

1
d (−2 --- , 0); (0, 5)
2

c (−3, 0); (0, 2)

–4

0

4

2
0
–2
1
e ( --- , 0); (0, −1)
4

y
–1

0
–2

590

1 x

0

x

4

8

12

16 x

3
b y = --- x − 6
2

11 a y = −3x + 1

c only natural number pairs plotted (not a
continuous line)

y

y

y
12

0

2

4

x

1
–2

8
0

0

4

8

–6

16 x

12

5
d y = --- x + 5
2

c y=2

7 a
y (cm)

1

–4

4

t (h)

CHAPTER

1 x

0

1

2

3

4

5

120

119.75

119.5

119.25

119

118.75

y

y

6

2
b

i yes

y

ii yes

0

120

2

4

x

2
119
–2

118

0

x

2
e x = − --3

0
c
d
8 a
c
9 a
c
e
g
10 a
c
e
g

1

2

3

4

5

t

y = 120 − 0.25t, t ≥ 0
114 cm
e 72 hours (or 3 days)
0.754
b 3.602
−1.524
d −1
3
1; 45°
b --- ; 30.96°
5
4
− --- ; 141.34°
d 3; 71.57°
5
2
− --- ; 146.31°
f −2; 116.57°
3
0; 0°
h undefined; 90°
3
y=x+3
b y = --- x − 2
5
4
7
y = − --- x + --d y = 3x
5
5
2
1
y = − --- x − --f y = −2x + 7
3
3
y = −2
h x = 50

y
2

–1
f

0

1

x

4

x

2

x

y=x−3

y
0

2

–2
–4
g y = −2.145x

y
2

–2

0
–2

591

--.. 3).Answers 2 12 a (3. −1. − --. 0). 0). 13 a parallel lines ZoomDec in a. (0.. 38. (0. 129. 14. 0) 2 1 2 x 5 1 d (−5.). --. (0.66° 5 2 4 6 x .. 111.. 0). --. --.04° 2 4 –2 4 (5.69° 3 f y y 0 CHAPTER 1 2 0 6 x 4 –2 2 x 0 6 5 c ( --. 0). 33. (0. 0).57° 2 2 c parallel lines y 4 2 –4 –2 0 x d pass through (0.80° 5 2 y 4 b pass through (0. 0). --. b 1 –6 6 –4 y 0 4 –2 1 1 b (−2... (0..). (0. − 4). 6).81° 5 y 6 4 2 0 592 x The point (−8.5) lies on lines in parts b and d. −2). --. − --. 5) 6 e (5. 26.

1. 2. y = − --. 0. 2} b y = − a2x + a.2 1 y = −1.5. −2.5. a ∈ − {3. −1.5x − 4 2 2 y = --.x + --2 2 2 c y f CHAPTER 1 parallel lines y = – –32x 4 y = ––32 x + –92 2 y = – –32x − 2 –4 0 –2 g pass through (3. 0) exercise 1.5. −0. 2. −1.5. a y = m(x − 2) + 1. − 0.(x + 2) + 2a.5 2 2 f y = --.x + 2 3 3 3 a y = − --.5. 0.5. m ∈ {−2. a −1. 3} b y = 0.x 2 h two pairs of parallel lines ZStandard in c−h y 4 y = 2x y = – –12x –4 2 0 –2 2 4 x –2 14 Answers may vary. 1.x − 2.Answers e pass through (−2.5x − 5. 1. 4) 2 4 x –2 4 a y = 2x − 1 c y = − 4x + 11 b y = −x + 1 d y = 2. 2} 1 c y = --. 0.x − --3 3 h x = −5 e y = −2x − 2 g y=7 1 5 a y = − --.25x y y = –4x 4 2 –4 –2 0 y = 0. 1. a ∈ {−2.5. 1. −1.5. −2. −1.25x 2 4 x –2 593 .5.5.x 2 3 3 9 b y = − --. The rules and parameter lists below give one possibility.

AB = CD = 85 . c ∈ {−2.4x − 4. −1. CD vertical) 5 7 c mAC = --. − --. BC 2 = 29.5. m2 = 1. 0.x − --2 2 h y=1 = −1 b 3x + 4y = 5 f B 8 8 C 0 8 x 4 9 –4 A D b ∠ADC = 90° (AD horizontal.x 3 b y=x+1 d y = − 0. (1. mPR mQR = −1 5 2 13 y = −2x − 12 14 Answers may vary but the product of the gradients must be −1.3 B 10 11 12 13 14 15 6 25 b -----.. product of gradients 3 4 is −1 6 7 4 –4 exercise 1.x − -----5 5 1 e y = --.5.x + 1 2 1 13 c y = --. 15 b they are concurrent 9 7 9 7 a --. − --.. 10. 11) y = 2x − 4 3x + y = 9 3x + 2y = 1 a (2. AC 2 = 116. ---⎞ ⎝ 2 2⎠ (2. 0. 1). AB 2 = AC 2 + BC2 2 5 b mAC = --. mAC mBD = −1 7 5 11 y 1 a 5 b 3 c 13 d 6 e 5 f 17 2 distance is 2 5 3 23 + 3 5 4 a AB 2 = 145.). ST = 10 .. mBC = − --. mQR = − --... diagonals bisect each other 2 16 a (−3. − 4) c (−5. 1. --.Answers CHAPTER 1 6 a y = −2x c y = 5x 1 7 a y = − --. 0.5. --...x − 2 2 g x = −3 8 m1 = −1. First set: y = 2x + c... 2} 1 Second set: y = − --. − 0. −1. c ∈ {−2. mAC mBC = −1 4 3 2 5 12 mPR = --.2 3 5 y = − --. mBC = − --.5. 3) b (3. b = −3 exercise 1.units2 2 distance is 13 a 5. − --. it is a parallelogram 2 6 2 6 b all 85 c no.. 1. 0) e (5. 2} 2 9 b gradient of both is --. The rules and parameter lists below give one possibility. −1. 4) b gradient of both is −3. m1m2 9 a 4x − 3y = −10 10 a y 2 b y = − --. adjacent sides are not perpendicular a (3. mAC mBC = −1 5 2 5 a i two sides have length 5 units 4 3 ii gradients are --.5.... ABCD is 2 a parallelogram 1 c both (0.5.5. 0. 1. 594 . −5) f ⎛ ---. mBD = − --. −1) b a = −13.x + c.4 1 x −2 −1 0 1 y = x2 4 1 0 1 4 y = 5x2 20 5 0 −5 −20 2 a The second graph is equivalent to the first graph stretched by factor of 5 in the y direction. QR = 2 10 a B 5 C 4 C –5 A 2 0 x 5 –5 0 A 2 4 D x 3 4 mAC = --. 5) 5 3 d (2... − 0. −1.5. 1.

2] by [0.Answers b 5 y 20 y = 5x2 15 CHAPTER 1 10 [−2. 2] by [−5. 3] by [0. 2] by [0. 5] 595 . b y –1 0 [−3. 5] 5 –2 2 –1 x y = x2 y = −2x2 1 0 y= x2 2 x −2 −1 0 1 4 1 0 1 4 −8 −2 0 −2 −8 2 a The second graph is equivalent to the first graph stretched by factor of 2 in the y direction and reflected in the x-axis. 10] –1 c 0 y 4 1 2 x 2 x y = x2 + 6 8 4 y = x2 –2 –1 0 1 [−2. 10] a shift to the left by h units b shift to the right by h units y 7 a y = x2 4 y = x2 4 –2 6 –2 1 2 –1 0 1 –4 x y = –3x2 –4 x 2 –8 y = –2x2 –8 b y 4 3 y = x2 y = –15 x2 2 –2 [−2.

10] 596 0. The graph of y = x4 is flatter than that of y = x 2 for −1 < x < 1 and increases more rapidly for x < −1 and x > 1. 10] y f b y = (x − 5)2 4 2 y= x2 –2 2 0 4 x 6 [−3. 2] by [−10. 0) and (1.Answers d i y 4 y y = x2 y = x2 y = (2 − x)2 4 –2 –1 0 CHAPTER 1 y= 1 –4 x 2 2 – –12x2 –2 e y y = x2 8 a 4 –2 –1 0 –4 1 x 2 0 x 2 y = x2 − 4 [−3. 1).5 y = x2 2 –2 −2 y = x4 16 5.5 0 1 2 y = 2 − x2 x y = x2 4 y = x4 2 1 1. 1).0625 0 0. 3] by [−10.0625 4 y y –2 −1. 3] by [−10. 10] g 9 a.0625 1 5. b y y = (x + –1)2 2 x 4 –1 h 0 1 2 x y = x2 4 –1 0 –4 −1 0.5 1 0. 10 a [−2. (0.0625 .5 2 –2 –1 0 1 2 x c Both pass through (−1.

10] 11 a y 2 0 x –2 y = x3 4 e y 2 y = –13 x3 –2 –1 0 1 2 2 y = x3 0 2 x –2 –2 –2 x y = 1 − x3 –4 12 a b y = x4 4 y 6 y = x3 + 4 2 y = x2 4 –2 y= 2 y = x3 –2 –1 y 0 –2 1 2 x –1 x3 0 1 x –2 b i 1<x<2 ii −2 ≤ x < −1. 2] by [−10. 1 < x ≤ 2 13 a y –2 0 2 x –2 –4 597 .Answers b c y y = x3 2 –2 2 0 x 4 CHAPTER –2 [−2. 1 < x ≤ 2 iii −2 ≤ x < 0. 5] by [−10. 10] y = (x − 1 3)3 c d y y = x3 2 y = (x + –32)3 –2 [−5.

2} b y = −(x − h)2 + h. 2} Revision questions y Short answer –2 0 2 x 1 8 –2 6 –4 e 4 y 2 –2 0 –2 (2.Answers b 14 y –2 0 y 4 x 2 y = (1 − x)4 2 –2 CHAPTER 1 –4 c –2 y 0 2 x y = 1 − x4 –2 y = –x4 –2 0 x 2 –2 –4 d 15 Answers may vary.15t. 3) y 4 –4 2 –6 –4 –2 0 x 3 a y = 37 + 0. −1. (0.5. −1.x + --2 2 1 7 gradients are − --. −2. (0. 7) y 2 2 x 0 2 2 x (− 4. h ∈ {−2. The rules and parameter lists below give one possibility. 0.8. a ∈ {−2. a y = ax 2 − a. 1. 0 ≤ t ≤ 12 b 2 hours 8 4 y = −2x + --3 5 a y = −x − 4 b (− 4. (0. 0. 0). − 0. −1. 1. product of gradients is −1 2 598 . 0).5. 1. 2. − 4) 3 7 6 y = --. 0). 2. 3} c y = (x − h)3 − h. 0. h ∈ {−3..

b = −5.1 x CHAPTER 1 a c 2 a 3 a –2 –4 4 –6 –8 The coordinates are (2. c n 5 6 8 10 12 d (n) 5 9 20 35 2 54 d d(3) = 0 and so an equilateral triangle has no diagonals.Answers 8 PQ = QR = 5. c = 3 and d = −2 Yes. b = −1. Note that x0 = 1.13° ii 116.. so triangle is isosceles 9 y = 2x − 3 1 10 y = --.57° degree 2 b degree 3 degree 5 d degree 3 2 b 5 c degree 4 i −x3 + 2x 2 − 9x + 5 ii x3 + 2x 2 + x + 5 b degree 3 a i −x3 + 4x 2 + 5 ii − 4x3 − 8x 2 + 5 b degree 3 c Yes as the LHS = RHS a 1 b degree 0 c x3 − 2x − 1 a = 2. mAC mBC = −1 2 b 4 5 . so 9x0 = 9. of degree zero.57°. −3) Extended response 1 a y = 16 + 0. 17 a 60 metres b 40 metres 18 a degree 2 b i \$25 ii \$205 599 . 3) ii distances = 5 d i 143. 5) d i y = −2(x − 1)2 + 5 ii y = −2(x − 1)2 − 5 y 0 2 4 exercise 2.15x. mBC = − --. a 0 b 18 a 6 b 0 c 0 21 -----4 –3 -----8 a 2 b d(4) represents the number of diagonals in a square. 20 c i (−2. c = 1 and d = 4 a = 4.x + 1 3 11 y 3 a h=1 c i b a=2 y 6 y = x2 4 4 2 2 y = x2 − 2 –2 2 0 x –4 –2 y = –2x2 –2 x 0 –2 –4 12 ii (0. 2 5 . ∠BAC = 26. b = 6. c = − 4 and d = − 4 m = 4 and n = −1 a = ±3 a = 4. linear relationship b y 80 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 40 15 16 0 200 400 x d 450 c \$31 e marginally better not to switch 1 2 a mAC = −2.

4 b Not a perfect square as −1 is not the square of a real number. 1 a c e 2 a c e g i k 3 a c e g i 600 6 7 8 9 4 −20 16 a x 2 − 16 b x 2 − 64 c 4x 2 − 9 d 3x 2 − 25 e 49 − 36x 2 f m2 x 2 − 9 3 3 10 a x − x b 2x − 4x 2 + 2x c −x 3 − 6x2 − 9x d x3 + 2x2 − 1 e 2x3 + x 2 − 8x + 5 f − 4x3 + 3x 2 − 20x + 15 11 a x3 − 3x 2 + 3x − 1 b x3 + 9x 2 + 27x + 27 c −x3 + 3x 2 − 3x + 1 d 8x3 − 12x 2 + 6x − 1 e 8x3 + 36x 2 + 54x + 27 f 64x3 − 240x 2 + 300x − 125 12 a x3 + 1 b x3 − 8 c x3 + 64 d 3x3 − 81 exercise 2. c 4 + 12x + 9x 2 = (2 + 3x)2 is a perfect square. 5 a Not a perfect square as the middle term would need to be ±10x or alternatively the last term 25 would need to be -----..cm3 3 b Increases by a factor of 4 c Increases by a factor of 3 –b b2 –b 4ac – b 2 f ⎛ ------⎞ = c − -----.or f ⎛ ------⎞ = --------------------⎝ 2a⎠ ⎝ 2a⎠ 4a 4a a A(x) = x(p − 2x) p p2 b A ⎛ ---⎞ = ----⎝ 4⎠ 8 c Length is twice the width mn exercise 2.2 2x − 2 b 9 − 3x −4x − 8 d −x + 3 or 3 − x 7x f −5x − 8 or −(5x + 8) x 2 − 2x b 2x 2 + 2x −3x 2 + 12x d x 2 + 5x + 6 2 x + 5x + 4 f x 2 − 5x + 6 2x 2 − 3x − 2 h −2x 2 + 11x − 15 − 4x 2 − 15x + 4 j 2x 2 − 4x − 11 −x 2 + 3x − 5 x 2 + 4x + 4 b x 2 − 10x + 25 x 2 − 14x + 49 d 4x 2 − 4x + 1 25x 2 + 30x + 9 f 9x 2 − 12x + 4 2x 2 − 2 2 x + 1 h p2x 2 + 6px + 9 m2x 2 + 2mnx + n2 1 2 j x 2 + x + --k 6x 2 − 4x + --4 3 l −x 2 + 2x − 1 4 Answers may vary.Answers 19 a i 36 m2 b 4 m × 16 m 20 a ii 100 m2 c 10 m × 10 m CHAPTER 2 b 21 a b c 22 a b 23 a b 24 a 25 a2 26 a2 27 28 29 30 17 people A(x) = x(80 − 2x) 800 m2 Length is twice the width i 4t 2 − 8t − 5 ii degree 2 i t 6 + 4t 3 − 5 ii degree 6 i t6 − t4 ii degree 6 i t 24 − t 16 ii degree 24 −2t 6 − 4t 3 − 1 b degree 6 −a − 2a + 1 or (a − 1)2 20 π a --------.3 1 a c e g i k l 2 a c e g i 3 a c e 4 a c e 5 a c e g i k m o 6 a c 7 a c 8 a b c d e f 3(p − q) b 5(1 + 4x) − 6(1 + 2w) d y(1 − y) 2x(x + 2) f 2y(4y − 3) xy(x − 7) h −3x(x + 3) xy(1 + xy) j a2b2(1 + ab) xy(1 + xy + x 2y2) 2mn(4 + 2m2 − 5n3) (x − 4)(x + 4) b (6 − t)(6 + t) 4(y − 4)(y + 4) d (xy − 4)(xy + 4) 5a(x − 3)(x + 3) f 5x(2x − y)(2x + y) (3y + 4)(5y − 4) h 3(x − 2)(x + 4) −5(2x − 3) (x + 3)2 b (m − 4)2 5(r − 1)2 d 3(x − 4)2 2(3x + 2y)2 f 3(x + 5y)2 (3s − 5t)(3s + 5t) b 3(2 − b)2 (2t − 3)2 d (x − y − 3)(x − y + 3) −3y(2x + y) f (x + 1)2 (x + 6)(x + 1) b (r + 5)(r + 3) (x + 9)(x + 2) d (p − 2)(p − 3) (y − 3)(y − 9) f (x + 5)(x − 3) (x + 8)(x − 7) h (x + 2)(x − 3) (x + 6)(x − 8) j (x − 2)(2x − 3) (m + 1)(3m − 8) l (t + 2)(4t + 1) 3(x − 2)(x − 3) n 2(m − 2)(m − 7) 4(t − 3)(t − 6) x+2 x–1 -----------b -----------x–2 x+2 x–4 x–3 -----------d -----------x+3 x–4 (x − 2)3 b (x + y)3 (x + 4)3 d (x − 2y)3 (x − 1)(x 2 + x + 1) (x + 2)(x 2 − 2x + 4) (x − 4)(x 2 + 4x + 16) (2x − 1)(4x 2 + 2x + 1) (x − 2y)(x 2 + 2xy + 4y2) (3x − 5)(9x 2 + 15x + 25) .

r = 7 x 2 − 2x + 4. 0 g ST. r = −11 x 2 − x − 1. r = 1 x + 8.4 x − 3. n = −12 c f(x) = (x 2 + 2x + 3)2 or f(x) = (x + 3)2(x − 1)2 2 a 3 b x2 c i 1 ii 3(x − 1) iii 3(x − 1)2 d 3x 2 − 3x + 1 e 169 f 5 cm 3 a q1(x) = x 2 − 2x − 2.Answers g h i 9 a b c d e f (2a + 3b)(4a2 − 6ab + 9b2) (x − 9)(x 2 + 9x + 81) (2x − 3y)(4x 2 + 6xy + 9y2) 2(x + 1)(x 2 − x + 1) x(x − 2)(x 2 + 2x + 4) x(x + 4)(x 2 − 4x + 16) 9(x 2 − x +1) − (x − 2)(7x 2 − x + 1) (x + 2)(x 2 − 5x + 13) 5 a 0 b (t − 2)(t − 5) c t 4 − 5t 2 + 4 d 4 e (t + 2)(t + 1)(t − 1)(t − 2) 6 a 3x(x + 5) b \$3150 c 18 7 a 4950. r1 = − 9 b q2(x) = x − 1. r = 1 (x + 4)(x − 8) + 38 (x + 2)(x 2 − 2x + 4) (x − 3)(x − 1)(x − 2) 9 a x − 3 + -----------x+2 2 b (x + 3)(x + 1) − -----------x–1 c (x − 1)(x − 3) q(x) = x3 + x − 1. 9 a x 2 − 6xy + 9y2 b x3 − 12x 2 + 48x − 64 c x3 − y3 10 a (2x + 1)2 b (2x + 3)(5x − 4) c 3(2x − 1) d 5(x − 2)(x 2 + 2x + 4) e − (x − 1)(x + 1)3 f 2(x − 1)(x − 2)(x − 3) 11 a q(x) = x − 1. 0 d NT h ST. 3 3 ii 6 months b −4 601 .) = 0 2 exercise 3. −2 f AT 4 96 5 a 4800 + 1500t b i t=8 1 6 a 2(3 − ------------.= −3 2 p(3) – p(1) d r2 = ----------------------------3–1 = x + 2. Larger volume is 128 cm3. n = 3 1 b i b = 2. r = 7 b q(x) = −2x2 + 2x − 3. r = −10 x − 2.1 1 a e i 2 a d −4 Revision questions Short answer 1 a f(x) + g(x) b f(x) − g(x) 2 degree is m + 3 a −1. respectively b 180 people 8 2 cm. degree 1 = 2x3 + x − 6. r = 2 x 2 + 3x + 2. r = −5 x 2 − 2x + 2. r = − 4 degree n − 1 a 23 b 0 c 7 – 19 e −21 f −3 g --------8 a −1 b 4 a p(1) = 0 b p(2) = 0 1 a b c d e f g h 2 a b c 3 a b c 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 q(x) q(x) q(x) q(x) q(x) q(x) q(x) q(x) q(x) q(x) q(x) p(x) p(x) p(x) = = = = = = = = = = = = = = d p(−2) = 0 e p(0) = 0 –1 g p( ------) = 0 h p(1) = 0 2 11 a x(x − 2)(x − 3) b (x + 5)(x + 1)(x − 2) c (x − 2)(x + 2)2 d (x + 2)(x + 1)(x − 4) e (3x − 2)(x − 1)(x + 3) f (x − 2)(x + 4)(2x + 3) 12 a −2 b 4 c 3 Extended response d −9 –2 h -----9 c −3 c p(−1) = 0 1 f p(--. 44 850. 61 075 and 179 700. n = 12 or m = −2. r = 9 2x 2 + x + 4. r = 6 x 2 − 5x + 12. r = 4 x − 1. degree 3 n 3 b 3. degree 4 m = 6. r = 3 q(x) = x3 − x 2 + 2x − 2. r = 5 7 12 --4 13 a x(x − 3)(x − 4) b (2x − 3)(x + 2)(x + 4) 14 a −13 b −5 15 f(x 2 − 1) = x4 + x 2 − 3 exercise 2.) = 5 n+6 7 3 8 6. r2 = −3 p(3) – p(1) c ----------------------------. c = −3 ii m = 10. c = 3 or b = 2. r = −31 x 2 − 2x − 3.5 km CHAPTER c 3 7 g -----13 5 c --6 d 17 1 h − -----10 13 d -----2 c ST. degree 3 6 b 3 2 f −1 −6 −6 b 18 7 7 e --f − --8 2 3 a NT b AT e ST.

--2 5 – 41 5 + 41 d ------------------.(0. 5 2 a −2.194).899) b 4− c r= i 4V ----------3h d e f ii 12 308.. --c identity 3 d 0 e −2. −5. 2 2 1 g −1. ------------------..(1.742) 3 – 21 3 + 21 ------------------.732) e no real solutions 14 a 2 − 2 6 (−2. --2 3 602 17 a b 2 e −1. --2 – 1 ± 13 ∆ = 13. -----------------------2 2 ∆ = 625 = 25 . 3 b 14 (0. 3 3 2 c ∆ = 0. 10 1 c −3.55 m 1 22 a l = --. 0 f identity 1 g −1. 2 1 b --.Answers 1 9.707) 2 2 3 c − 4.791). − --2 2 2 b 1 − ------.. --2 7 b −3. -----------------------. --3 d ∆ = −3. 4 9 e −2. 6 c −3.1 kg 2 a 5 °F b 7 --. -----------------------.(0. 2 f 1.37 e 2. ---------------..P − w 2 2E c V = -----m S e h = --------.2 1 a −3. 6 g −3. -----------------------10 – 7 ± 57 f ∆ = 57. 6 3+ 5 3– 5 g ---------------. 8.(2.879). 4 1 11 a −2. 2 irrational solutions..(0.22 °C) 9 5 ( F – 32 ) c C = ----------------------d 358 9 a V = l 2h b i l= V ---h ii 1.786).38 f 0.379) 12 12 13 a no real solutions b ±4 c −3 d 3 ± 3 (1.791) 2 2 3 --.268.− l n ( y – a )2 + b ab h c = -----------b–a bx j y = --------------ax – c P 23 i = --R 24 a i 14.76 c 375 d 7. −1 d 1.62 b 2403.(0. 2 irrational solutions. --2 4 b −3.(1.(−1. 16 − -----.(− 0. 2 irrational solutions. 7 d no real solutions e −1. no real solutions – 9 ± 21 e ∆ = 21. 2 irrational solutions.618) 2 2 h 1.44 a 1. -----------------------4 g ∆ = 24.869). 9 or 10 a W = 120x + 6500 b i x ≤ 29.or x ≥ --3 3 e x > −8 f x < −1 g x<5 h x ≥ 1.32 b k=6 2 c i S = 3 36 π V 5 a −3.120) 3 3 2 – 10 2 + 10 ------------------.(−1.− r 2πr g x= C b r = -----2π A d P = --------------1 + rT 2S f a = -----.899).702) 2 2 1 – 13 1 + 13 e ------------------.382). 1 + ------..(3. --2 e −1.4 < x < 12.°C (7.. 7 f 2 h − --.860) 6 6 – 1 – 41 – 1 + 41 -----------------------.702). 5 3 1 c − --2 2 5 --3 − 4. 1 rational solution.55 m2 b 69. 4 6 15 cm by 18 cm 7 210 square units 2 8 a identity b 0. 3 1 b − --.(− 0. 2 rational solutions. 6 h − 6.851).8 a 15. --2 9 a (x + 4)2 + 6 = 7. 5.293). 2 4 i − --. ------------------. 6 i −2.(− 0. 5 2 – 1 – 19 – 1 + 19 -----------------------.(5.(− 0. ------------------. -----------------------.30 g ii 5. 4 + 14 (7.258).(− 0. 0 3 d --. −1 b − 4. --3 1 4 3 a − --. 7 f − 6. 1 2 c 0. 10 a x > --2 7 d x ≤ --2 11 a x > − 4 CHAPTER 3 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 1 c x < − --2 b x≥3 3 e x > --f x ≥ −3 2 b x≥2 11 1 c 2≤x≤4 d x < − -----. 9 10 a −5. 4.7 A ≤ 10 000 or 14 000 ≤ A ≤ 17 000 1≤x≤4 a H cannot be < 150 and > 200 at the same time b change ‘and’ to ‘or’ a n+4 b i 3≤n≤6 ii 7. ------------------. −3 b (x − 7)2 − 8 = − 4.(1. 2 + 2 6 (6.. 1 ± 6 .535) 3 3 –3 – 57 –3 + 57 f -----------------------.61 m2 h exercise 3.2 ii 29 2.(1.351) 4 4 3 −2.

4) y 8 CHAPTER y 0 2 3 4 6 x 4 –4 0 f –8 x 2 ∆ = 16. intercepts (2. 0). 3 intercepts (− --. 4. 8 b a = 1. --. 1 e −3 f −3 –3 ± 5 ± 5. (0. 1 rational solution. intercepts (−2. does not cross x-axis. 2 c −5. − --. 0). 0).. 3 h --------------------. 0). 5 c 0. (1. 0). (0. (0. (0. 6 b 0 d g 2 a d e −3. 1 −2. −8) e ∆ = −7. −1. 0). −1 2 1 1 3 1 1 ± --b --c − --. 3 g 8 3 a 4 a c 4 –6 –4 –2 0 2 − 4. 7 c a=9 d a ≥ 10 20 a ∆ = b2 + 20 > 0 for any b 4 y b b=4 –2 0 8 x c ∆ = 8. (0. 0). −1) 4 y –2 8 –1 1 x 0 1 intercepts (−1. intercept (0. 2.. touches x-axis. (4.41.. −2. 0). 0). 0). 6.62.41. 3) y b ∆ = 0. 0. −2. intercepts (−3.. 0. intercepts (−3. (0. (0.38. --3 3 i ∆ = 0. 0). 2 rational solutions. 7 3 2 b −3. crosses x-axis twice. --2 2 2 3 2 x 2(x − 4) = 600 b x = 10 10 cm by 10 cm by 6 cm x 603 . 3.. crosses x-axis twice. crosses x-axis twice. 9) 2 4 y –4 –2 2 x 0 12 –4 8 19 a a = 5.3 –4 –2 0 2 x d ∆ = 5.. (−1. ( --.. crosses x-axis twice. 2. 5) y 1 a −3. --2 18 a ∆ = 4.Answers 1 h ∆ = 49 = 72. −1) 5 4 exercise 3. 2 i ± 6 . 2 1 1 f − --. 6 −2.

c = −7 .. 3 b c −2 ± 7 2 0 10 –4 x x = 1. 1 ± 3 11 7 g x = − ------. y = 3 2 0 d ± 5 .347.423. x = ----------.544 11 a (x − a)(x 2 + ax + a2) b ∆ = −3a2 < 0 for any non-zero a 1 12 a h = −3. 0. 2) c −2 ± 6 .. --2 3 4 7 a −1.532 −1. − --. y = 1 1 1 d x = --. − --. --2 2 b x = 3. y = 17 5 1 c x = --. k = 1 ii 2 a x = 1.. ±2 f 1 2 3 g −2.912. --. 0.= 1 5 4 7 b = 5.879.Answers 5 a 6 − 2c. y = − 0.. 0).931. 4. −3. y = −7 3 y = 5 − 2x 4x + 2y = 5 2 x no solution (parallel lines) − 12) exercise 3.. y = t (t any real number) 3 c inconsistent equations.. y = 3 y = 2x + 1 y 7 1 x = --.811 d e −1.x − -----8 8 x y 6 --.698. 1.. y = --2 2 2 1 f x = --. y = --4 4 8 j x = --. 0 0 2 x b −1. 2. −1. 2 c ± 2. y = − --5 5 4 2 i x = --. y = − --2 2 3x − y = 11 2 x + 3y = 2 0 2 4 x –2 4 a coincident lines t+2 b yes. y = −3 2 −1. (0. y = 0 y intercepts (−2..466 b c 0. 0.. 3 2 10 a − 4. y = −2. 1 604 x = 1.247 9 a (x + 1)(2x3 + 3x 2 − 23x 1 b − 4.− --... −2. y = --5 5 5 k x = --. y = 1.011 c x = 1..564 b x = 4. 3 – 1 ± 17 3 d -----------------------.802 y 3 a y 8 CHAPTER 8 4 3 4 y = –x + 4 –2 –1 0 1 x –2 0 2 4 –4 b 4 y y = 3 − 3x x + 2y = 1 20 c –2 6 a −2. 1. parallel lines 3 17 5 a y = 4x − 10 b y = − --. y = --3 3 11 9 h x = -----. y = --2 2 x y 4 d ±1 e ± 5 .4 e x = 5. c = 3 b i h = −1. k = −8 b x = − --2 1 a x = −2.670..

x = 0... z = 3 f x = 13. 3 c --. z = 5 c x = − 0.. y = −3. y = −2. y = --7 7 16 −1 and 8 17 − 4 and 7 or −2 and 5 18 5 cm by 16 cm 19 ±4 20 a x + y = 5.5y = 26 c 14 standard. c = 1 605 . ( --.. y = 2. y = −1 3 e x = − --. y = 3 h x = 1.) 2 4 y = (x − 2)2 4 x − 2y = 2 x 0 2 4 x –4 c no intersections y –2 y = 3x + 4 0 –4 x y = –x2 –8 d (−2. \$80 11 \$24. 3 and 4 4 a a + b + c = 0. x = 3. xy = 6 1 5 b 2.5 1 a x = 2. 4S and 1L 13 b x + 1. x = 6.5. 156 10 \$420. 4a + 2b + c = 0 b a = 2.5. 4) y = x2 4 3 9 (− --. 0). y = 1. y = −2. --. 2) 2 2 y –2 y = 4x + 4 0 –4 –8 x y = –x2 15 a x = −1. 8 deluxe 14 a y e y = 2x2 4 –2 y = 2x f x 2 0 b (−3. y = 2. or sides 3S and 2L. (2. − 4) y –4 0 2 –8 –4 y 0 y = –x2 y = –x + 3 2 (0.). 7 --2 2 9 a 309.. y = −2 d x = 2... y = −-----. x = 3. 3 2 2 exercise 3.. z = − 4 b x = 2. y = 2 7 1 b x = --. y = 2 2 2 c x = 2. 0). −1) y y = 4x + 3 –4 –2 CHAPTER 3 x 2 5 1 (2.Answers 1 1 8 5 --.. y = − --9 3 g x = − 4. \$16 12 a 2 cm and 3 cm b two sides 3S and 2L.. y = --. z = 23 3 5. b = −3. y = − 4. z = 0 4 4 b x = 19. z = --2 2 2 e x = 1. 4L. y = −1 8 5 i x = 1.. two sides 1S and 3L. z = −1 1 3 5 d x = − --. y = 1. 159 b 312. y = 6. y = 3. --. x = 2.. z = 4 c x = 3. 1S and 3L. x = --. (−1. --. −9). y = 7. y = 11. y = − --. x = 1. x = -----. y = 5. (1. y = 3.. z = 5 1 15 2 a x = --.. y = 2 2 19 8 f x = −1.

1] f (0.05 ii y 20 10 0 iii 21. b = 0. −1) ∪ (1. ∞) {x: x ≤ 2} ii (− ∞.. 2] (− ∞. t = −2 b x = 4. t = −1 5 7 8 b a = −1.. 2] ∪ [1. y = 6. ∞) (− ∞. xy = 114 1 b 12 m by 9 --..05 s 606 1 2 t {x: − 2 ≤ x < 4} ii [−2. y = 1 a x + y = 2(x − y). 1.75 3 a b c e f e f 3 a c e g i k 4 a c e g i . ∞) h (− ∞. 3 2 −2. 1) ∪ (2.78 B i 26. 4) {x: x > 0} ii (0. y = −3. 2] {x: x ≥ − 4} ii [− 4. 4] {x: − 4 ≤ x ≤ 0} ∪ {x: 2 < x < 5} [− 4. ∞) (− ∞. b = --.25 m i h = − 0.1 d a = −1.m or 19 m by 6 m 2 1 a b c d e i i i i i ii f i ii g i h i 2 a 1 a i c d 2 a b c 17. 17 quails and 80 Rhode Island reds exercise 4. 0) (− ∞. 0] R ii (− ∞. 2.85 ii 29.05 m d 2.15 h b 11 cm by 16 cm b b = a x(x + 5) = 176 2± 2 b 54 c 25 a ∆ = 40 b i two ii irrational 1 b − 4.60 m 53–74 kg 21 m i 17 m ii 11. 0] ∪ (2. c = 2. ∞) {x: x < 3} {x: x < 0} {x: x ≥ 1} {x: −10 ≤ x ≤ 10} c d Extended response b p + q + r = 100 i 5q ii 2r 15p + 5q + 2r = 290 q must be a positive integer 3 partridges. − --. d = --3 3 7 2 x ≥ -----10 3 a 3. 5) (−1.47 ii 58. c = 2 7 a x = 5. 3 x = 2. ∞) {x: −5 ≤ x < −1} ∪ {x: 1 < x ≤ 4} [−5. ∞) l {x: −5 ≤ x < 3} b {x: − 4 < x ≤ 4} d {x: x ≥ 0} f {x: −2 < x < 2} h R or {x: − ∞ < x < ∞} [4. ∞) –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 1 2 3 4 5 b –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 1 2 3 4 5 –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 1 2 3 4 5 –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 1 2 3 4 5 –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 1 2 3 4 5 –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 1 2 3 4 5 (−3.Answers 5 y = −x 2 + 5x 6 b −8a + 4b − 2c = 4.1.54 iii 1. −3) ∪ [3. 2] b [0.14 W H = ----. ∞) d [−1. x = y + 22 b 11 and 33 a x + 2y = 31. −a + b − c = −1. z = 4. ∞) j (− ∞. 5) {x: x ≤ 0} ii (− ∞.. z = 1. k = 21. a + b + c = 1 –8 4 –2 –1 1 –1 11 1 c CHAPTER 4 ⎛ 4⎞ ⎛ a⎞ ⎜ b⎟ = ⎜ – 1⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ 1⎠ ⎝ c⎠ Revision questions Short answer 1 4 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 3V ------.

−2. 0.5. range R e y 4 2 –2 0 2 4 x –2 domain R. 0] j R. 2]. 0. (− ∞. range {4} 5 d e –2 y 2 –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 1 2 3 4 b [124. range {−2. [− 4. range R 607 . 3}. 3}. 0. 0. −1. 2} y b d –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 1 2 3 4 y 2 5 6 a –4 –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 1 2 3 4 –2 0 2 4 x –2 5 b domain {−3. [− 4. 0. 4}. 2]. 2} b {− 4. 1. 165.3] 7 a [136. 0. [0. 2] f [0. 0) ∪ (0.75] 8 a {−3. 0. ∞) e [− 4. 2. [0. ∞) d (0. 1. range {−2. {− 4. −1. ∞). 2.6. −1. ∞). 151. 0]. 0] h [3. 2} c –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 1 2 3 4 5 –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 1 2 3 4 5 y 4 c 2 d –4 –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 1 2 3 4 0 2 4 x domain R. [−2. 4] g R. −2. −2. −2. ∞) i [−2. −3. −1. (−2. R 5 0 4 x 2 –2 domain {−3}. {− 4. 2. 1.Answers 5 a 9 a –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 1 2 3 4 y 2 5 b –2 –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 1 2 3 4 2 x 0 5 CHAPTER 4 –2 c –2 –1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 domain {−2. 2}. 1. −1. R k [−2. 4} c R. 0. 2). 1. 2] l (−∞. 4]. [−2.

range (− ∞. range R h –10 y 4 –15 range [−12. 0] 2 –2 –4 domain R. range R g 0 domain R.. 2] 608 4 6 x 2 4 x . range [− --. range R y 10 a 2 y 10 –2 0 2 4 x 5 –2 –2 0 2 4 x –4 –5 domain R.Answers f j y y 4 8 6 2 4 2 CHAPTER 4 –2 0 –2 2 4 –2 8 x 6 2 x –2 domain R. 8) 2 b –2 0 2 4 y x –2 0 –2 –2 9 domain R. ∞) 4 i –4 y 2 –2 0 range [−5.

2. 1. 3. ∞) –2 y e 2 –2 0 0 –5 2 4 6 range (− ∞. −1. −1}. domain {−3. −1. 16] x h –2 4 x 2 y –4 –2 0 –4 –5 –6 –10 2 4 x range [−7. 0 4 exercise 4. 2} 609 . 4} b function. 0. range {−1.Answers c f y y 20 8 15 6 10 4 5 2 CHAPTER –4 –2 2 x 0 –4 0 –2 range (8. ∞) d 4 2 x –2 y range [−1. range {2.2 1 a function. 3} c not a function. 1. range {−2. 2}. domain {−2. domain {−1. 1. 0. ∞) –15 49 range – ------. 8) 2 g y 15 –2 0 2 4 x –2 10 –4 5 range [− 4. 0. 2}. 1.

∞) d domain [0. range R b. 3} a defined f(−2) = 27 b not defined c not defined a not defined b defined g(3) = 8 c defined g(0) = −7 a 13 b {−10. domain {7}. domain {1. 2] or [2. ∞) d (− ∞. ∞) h domain R. 50] a R b (− ∞. 3} e function. 1. ∞) k function. h. ∞) g R h (− ∞. ∞) d (−∞. ------.⎬ ⎩ 2 2⎭ R\{2} exercise 4. ∞) b domain R. range [− 4. 3} k R\{5} ⎧ 1 1 ⎫ l R\ ⎨ – -------. ∞) f domain (− ∞. 0] f [5. −1. domain R. ∞) g R\{2} h R\{−2. range [−2. 9] e domain R+.3 1 a y 4 2 –4 –2 0 2 –2 –4 b y 2 –2 0 2 x –2 c y 3 2 1 0 d 1 3 x 2 y 2 1 –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 –1 –2 610 i 1 x 4 x . range (− ∞.5. ∞) a [− 4. k a function b function c not a function d not a function e not a function f function g function h function i function j not a function a many–one b many–one f one–one g one–one h many–one i many–one a domain R. domain R. 0] or [0. domain R. −2. domain R. 6] j function. 3} a i 19 ii −x3 − 8 iii 8 − x3 iv 2x3 − 16 b {2} c {4} a i 0 ii 8t − 4t 2 iii 8t − 2t 2 b {0. range [0. 2. range R h function. 3 + 3 } a 6. 0] or [0.4]. ∞) c (−∞. range {3} f not a function. ∞) e (−∞. 2} j R\{−3.Answers CHAPTER 4 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 d not a function. 2 e −3 domain [0. 2] or [2. 9}. 2 c domain [−3. −1. range (−3. 4 b 5 c −1 d −2. 100 minutes [0. range R i function. range [2. 200]. range R g function. 8 b −3. 8] a 3.25. g.5] or [1. 1] or [1. 4} c {0. ∞) c [2. domain R.5.25. 2]. 1] g domain R. 4. range (− ∞. domain R. 2]. 2] e (− ∞. 2} a 2x 2 − 3 b 4x 2 − 12x + 9 c {3 − 3 . range [1. range [−3. ∞) b [1. range R a i −2 ii x 2 − 6 2 2 iii x + 2xh + h − 6 b {± 6} c {−2. ∞) f (− ∞. range {−3. range R c domain R.

3 a x 2 + y2 = 9 b x 2 + y2 = 5 c (x − 1)2 + (y − 1)2 = 1 d (x + 2)2 + y2 = 4 e (x + 1)2 + (y − 2)2 = 16 4 a 1 4 –2 domain [− 3. 6] –1 f domain [−1. 4] b e y y 6 1 4 –1 0 1 2 x –4 0 4 2 x domain [−3. 1] –2 y 2 1 –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 –1 1 x –2 domain [− 4. 0]. 2] domain [− 4. 3]. b The set of points whose distance from (2. 3] d y 2 4 1 2 –2 0 –2 0 –1 y –4 –1 2 x –2 –1 4 x 2 0 2 1 x –1 –2 –4 domain [−2.Answers e c y y 2 6 4 1 2 CHAPTER –6 –4 2 4 x –2 0 –2 –2 2 a The set of points whose distance from the origin is 5 units. 3]. 0) is 2 units. range [−1. range [− 3. range [−2. 4]. 1]. range [−2. 2] 611 . 2]. range [0. range [− 4.

3] b –2 y 2 –4 i 0 –2 domain [− 4. 1]. range [4. range [−3.5 6 3 4 –2 2 –10 –8 0 x –6 –4 –2 –2 domain [−9.5 4 8 3. 2]. range [−3. range [−2. 6] 2 x . range [−2.5 j 5 y 10 4.Answers 5 (x − 1)2 + (y + 1)2 = 16 6 a (x + 3)2 + (y − 2)2 = 100 b (x − 1)2 + (y − 5)2 = 194 c (x − 3)2 + (y + 5)2 = 25 y 3 g 2 1 7 a –2 –1 0 –1 CHAPTER 4 1 2 3 4 x y 4 –2 2 –3 domain [−1. 9]. 2] c y –2 6 domain [0. 3]. 2] h 0 1 2 3 4 6 7 x 5 y –2 2 –4 –4 –2 0 2 4 x domain [0. 3] 4 2 6 10 x 8 –2 y –4 1 –6 0 1 2 x –8 –1 domain [−1. 0] 5. 1]. range [−2. range [−8. 8] 612 –1 0 1 domain [−1. 6]. 2].

1]. ∞). 16]. range R 2 –6 2 –2 4 –8 0 y 0 4 2 x 5 –2 –5 0 5 10 domain [0. range [−15. 6] 613 . range R domain [−7. 0]. ∞). range R d y 4 2 2 –4 –6 –4 –2 0 –2 2 x –2 0 2 4 x –2 domain [−3. range [−2. 10] e 4 domain [−2. ∞).Answers d 8 (x − 2)2 + (y + 2)2 = 20 9 (x − 3)2 + y2 = 9 y 10 10 a y 2 8 CHAPTER 6 –2 b –4 –2 x 4 x 4 y x 0 2 domain [−8. 5] –2 f y 6 0 2 domain [−1. range [2. ∞). range R 15 x c y –5 4 –10 2 –15 domain [− 4.

6). 4). (2. (4. 3} c No 12 a i {(1. (6. 3)} b domain {0. (6. (5. 6). 5). (5. 4). 3). 0). 2). 1. (5. 2). (5. (5. 1). 1). (5. (3. (5. (2. 1). (1. 4). 0). (3. 5). (3. (4. (2. (2. 6). 0). (6. 1). (6. 1). (1. 2). 5). 5). 2). (3. (4. 6). 6). 3). 2. 3). 3). range {0. (4. 1)} ii Function b i {(2. (2. (6. 3). 6). (3. (6. 1). 2). (4. 0). 6)} ii Not a function d i {(1. (4. (3. 4). 1). (3. (5. (2. (2. 4). range R 11 a R = {(0. 3). (6. (3. 5). 3}. 1). (1. (4. (2. 5)} ii Not a function c i {(2. 2). (2. 1). 6)} ii Function 1 –3 –2 c –1 0 x 4 x y 4 2 –4 –2 0 2 –2 –4 d y 1 –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 –1 –2 –3 –4 –5 614 1 1 x . range R f –2 y 4 b y 2 –4 –2 0 3 2 4 x 2 domain [− ∞. 2). 4). 4). 3). (3. (6. 5). 2). 1. 3). (6. (2. (3. 2. (5. (5. (3. 4). 3). (5. (5. 3). 2). 4). 2). 1). (5. 4). (2. (3. (3. (6. 1). 5)} ii Not a function e i {(1. 1). 1). 2). 3).Answers e 13 a y y 2 –4 CHAPTER –2 4 0 2 2 4 x –2 0 –2 x 2 domain [− ∞. 1). (3. 1). 0). (3. (3. (4. (2. 2). 2). (5. 2). 5). (1. 3). (3. (2. (5.

(1. (−2. 5] b 4 2 –2 2 –2 0 –2 4 –4 x2 + (y + 2)2 < 16 2 y 4 4x2 + 4y2 > 32 0 –4 –2 0 2 4 x exercise 4. (−2. 3) is less than 3 units. (− 4. 2)}. c–B. 5]. 0). −3). 2 3 y a y 2 2 1 –2 (x − 1)2 + y2 > 1 0 2 4 x 2 4 x –2 –1 0 1 2 x b y –1 domain R. −2). 1). (2. (2. (−1. 2)} d {(− 4. range R c 6 x 3 b domain [0. (2. 0). (2. range [−5. 3)} b {(− 6. (−3. 2). Not a function. –4 18 a y 1 domain [−5. 1). satisfies the vertical line test. (3. 0). (−2. (0. −3). 6]. (1. 1] c yes. range [0. 1). 4]. (0. 1). (1. 2). (− 4. 6). 2). (−1. 1). b The set of points whose distance from the origin is more than 1 unit. 2] x –2 17 S = {(−2. 1)} c {(2. 0). −3). (−2. 0). −1). (−3. (0. 2). 1). (−8. − 6)} 2 a–A. −1). (−2. range R 2 –2 0 –2 615 . b–D.Answers 14 a The set of points whose distance from (0.4 1 a {(0. 2). (2. 15 a x 2 + y2 < 4 b (x + 1)2 + (y − 2)2 ≤ 1 c x 2 + y2 ≥ 9 d (x + 2)2 + (y + 2)2 > 4 16 a y d y 0 –4 6 x CHAPTER 4 x2 + y2 ≥ 25 –4 –6 0 2 4 domain [−4. −2). d–C –2 –4 domain R. range [−6.

Answers c y h y 1 2 –4 –2 CHAPTER 4 0 2 –1 x –1 –2 d 4 a y 2 –2 0 4 2 x –2 b y e 4 2 –2 0 2 c x –2 f y 4 d 2 –2 2 x 0 –2 g e y 2 –4 –2 0 –2 616 0 2 4 x 1 2 x .

45n ⎪ 6 a C = ⎨ 10 + 0. 0 ≤ t < 5 ⎪ 2. 100) 2 1 2 A = 1 − 4x 2. 15 ≤ t < 30 ⎪ 9.5 cm.40 0 < w < 250 250 ≤ w < 500 500 ≤ w < 1000 1000 ≤ w < 2000 2000 ≤ w < 3000 3000 ≤ w < 4000 4000 ≤ w < 5000 ⎧ 3. x ∈ ⎛ 0. 45] 150 100 50 0 c i \$22.90 ⎪ b C(w) = ⎨ 8. ---⎞ ⎝ 2⎠ 1000 3 a h = -----------l2 16 000 b C = 10l2 + ----------------l c h = 2.40 \$11.50 300 400 500 iii \$140 617 . 30 ≤ t < 35 ⎪ ⎩ 10. 35 ≤ t ≤ 45 f c T CHAPTER 4 10 g 8 6 4 h 2 0 20 10 30 40 t 5 a \$9.90 i c i ⎧ 0.20 ⎪ ⎪ 7.40 ⎪ ⎩ 9.90 ⎪ 9.5 1 a River x ii \$8.40 ⎪ ⎪ 8.35n ⎪ 20 + 0.10 0 ≤ n < 100 100 < n ≤ 200 200 < n ≤ 500 x 200 y y ( 100 – y ) b A = -------------------------c (0.Answers ⎧ 0. l = 20 cm 4 a [0.20 ⎪ 4. 5 ≤ t < 15 ⎪ b I(t) = ⎨ 5.30n ⎩ b y exercise 4.50 100 200 ii \$62.

8] 6 a iii \$15 672 0 ≤ d ≤ 6000 6000 < d ≤ 21 600 21 600 < d ≤ 58 000 58 000 < d ≤ 70 000 d > 70 000 y 6 4 T 2 25 000 –6 –4 –2 0 –2 domain [− 6. 8). y = 16 ii (0. range [0. (1. 6] b y 4 10 000 2 5 000 –4 0 20 000 40 000 60 000 80 000 d \$29 600 8 a V = πyx 2 b i V = πx 2(20 − x) 0 2 4 –2 –4 domain [3. range [− 6. 2. 11). ∞) –2 –1 0 –5 –10 –15 –20 618 6 x –6 15 000 3 4 –4 20 000 1 a c e 2 a b c 2 range (−22. 3] (−1.42d – 10 788 ⎪ ⎩ 0.x 2. 0] {(−2. 5). ∞).17d – 1020 ⎪ b I(d) = ⎨ 0. 4) b (− ∞. 2). ∞) 2 y 10 Short answer [−2. (0. 1} 5 a [−3. ∞) b (− ∞.3d – 3828 ⎪ 0. 5) (0. 6]. −1)} {−1. 3] 1 2 3 4 x 8 x 6 x . (2.Answers 7 a i \$1190 ii \$4452 0 ⎧ ⎪ 0. 4) c [−8. range R c Revision questions –2 d iii x = 4. 8. ∞] d (− ∞. (−1. ∞) f (− ∞. x ∈ (0. 20) 5–1 9 A = ---------------. 2]∪(0.47d – 14 288 CHAPTER 4 c 4 a 6 b −9 c −2 − 6a − a2 d {−5. 5. 11} Yes d Yes 8 6 4 2 y 5 0 2 4 6 domain R.

3 5 0 2 –5 b (−∞.1 2 --.Answers d d y 2 –2 0 S 2000 2 1500 4 x –2 1000 –4 500 –6 0 10 20 40 x 30 domain [−2. 15] i 9 ii 15 8. 2] c R\{− 4} 14 a 10 5 0 Range [0. ∞) b h(x 2) = 2x 2 − 5 9 a many–one b one–one c one–one d many–one 10 3 11 (x + 3)2 + (y − 3)2 = 16 12 The set of points whose distance from the origin is less than 4 units. h = 4.(4 + π)w2 8 96 c ⎛ 0.76 2 a 4 6 x iii 9 CHAPTER exercise 5. range [−5. −2]∪(5. h = 2. 31 1 h = 12 − --. ------------⎞ ⎝ 4 + π⎠ d 40. 4].(2 + π)w 4 1 b A = 12w − --. ∞) 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 t b c d 3 a 10 –2 s 15 y 20 15 1 e x = 4. −2). ∞). x = 3 1 a b 4.90.. range [−3. wider 5 2 a (3. 1] 7 a Function b Function c Not a function d Not a function 8 a Domain [1.5 or x = 2. 13 a R b (− ∞. thinner 5 y 10 8 6 4 2 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 x 619 . ∞) Extended response 40 a h = -----x2 c (0.

Answers b (−1. y = −3(x + 2)2 + 5 5 a (2. 1). x = −2 y –40 2 9 a (1. 5. −2. vertical translation of − 4 b reflected in x-axis. y = 2(x − 1)2 + 2 b −3. −2). 1. − 6) y y 8 40 6 4 CHAPTER 5 20 2 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 –2 1 2 3 x –3 –2 –1 0 2 3 x –20 c (1. −2) b (− 4. vertical translation of 1 7 y = −5(x + 3)2 − 1 620 y –1 0 –10 1 2 3 x . horizontal translation of −3.4) b (−2. x = 1 y –2 –1 0 1 –40 1 2 3 4 x b (−3. −3). −7) –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 1 x –2 20 –4 10 –6 3 a (3. x = −1 8 a (−1. −3) 4 a 2. 2. 5) –2 y 20 –4 –6 –6 –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 1 x –20 d (−2. 3) 6 a horizontal translation of 2.

3. 0⎞ ⎝ 9⎠ ⎝ 2 ⎠ 621 .25. 2) c 1 ⎛ 0. 4) b x ≥ −2. −3. y = − x – 2 + 3 1. y ≤ −1 y c y 2 0 1 2 3 x 4 –3 –10 –2 –1 1 0 x CHAPTER 5 (–2. (1.5. −4. 0) d x 1 (3.Answers 14 a (−2. ⎛ – 3 ± -------. y ≥ 2 15 a (3. –1) –2 –20 –4 –30 b x ≤ 3. y ≥ 4 c (0. y ≥ −2 13 a (1. 4) 2 –3 –2 0 –1 2 3 x y 6 b x ≥ 1. –2) –4 20 a x = −3.5). 0) d 1 2. −1. 7. 17 ------⎞ . 4) b x ≥ −3. 2) c –40 y 4 3 10 y = 3(x − 1)3 + 2 11 y = −2(x − 1)4 + 4 12 a (−3. 3 + 4). y ∈ (−∞. y = 1.5 x + 4 + 7 a x = 2. no x-intercept d 2 –3 –2 –1 0 y 6 16 17 18 19 4 (–3. − 0. 2) 1 4 y 4 2 y=1 2 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 0 –2 1 2 3 4 x 1 –2 2 3 4 5 6 x x=2 (1. y = 1 b x ∈ R\{2}. 2. y ∈ R\{1} c (0. y = 2 b x ∈ R\{−3}. −1) b (2. y = 2 x + 1 − 3 −1. (−1. −2) c no y-intercept.

− 3 x+1 5 3 22 3.+ 1 ( x – 2 )2 –3 –2 –1 0 exercise 5.Answers d 3 y y x = –3 2 y=2 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 –5 CHAPTER –7 –6 –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 5 2 x 1 –10 –2 –15 –4 4 y 2 21 −2. −1. y = ------------------. 1. y = − -----------. −3.2 1 a 1 2 3 x –5 y 5 4 y –1 0 2 1 2 3 4 x –10 –1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 x –20 –2 6 –4 b y 5 y –6 –4 –2 0 2 4 x –2 –1 0 1 x –10 –5 –20 7 y = x 2 + 5x + 4 8 y = 2x 2 − 2x − 4 2 9 a y = 5x − 8x + 7 b y = −3x 2 + 5x − 4 10 a y –30 5 2 y –6 –4 –2 0 2 4 x –4 –3 –2 –1 0 –10 –5 –20 622 1 2 x x . 2.

−18.53.53. 0). 13.53.13) 623 . (1.52) b c y 25 y 20 10 15 10 5 5 –2 –3 –2 –1 0 1 2 –1 0 1 x 3 x –5 (−1.13). (1.Answers b c y 10 10 5 5 –2 –1 0 c y 1 2 3 4 x CHAPTER –3 –2 –1 0 1 2 3 5 4 x –5 y (− 0.13). −1.13) 15 12 a y 12 10 4 5 2 –3 –2 –1 0 1 2 –3 3 x –2 –1 1 x 0 –2 11 a y –3 –2 –1 0 1 2 –4 3 x b –5 y 5 –10 –1 –12 –15 0 –5 1 2 3 4 x –10 –15 –20 (−2. −1. 13.33. (2.53.

Answers 13 a 17 a y y 15 10 12 10 5 CHAPTER 5 5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 1 2 x –3 –5 2 x 1 –5 –10 b –2 –1 0 (−2. −1.45.5. 0. − 4) b y y 5 8 6 4 –3 –2 –1 x 1 0 2 –2 –1 0 c 1 2 –5 3 x (−2.91) y 5 18 a y –2 –1 0 1 2 3 8 4 x –5 6 –10 4 –15 2 14 y = −0.5(x + 2)(x − 10)(x − 4) 15 y = 2x3 + 4x 2 − 2x − 4 16 y = 3x3 + 3x 2 − 12x − 12 –3 –2 –1 0 –2 624 1 2 x .56. (0.94). − 4). (1.38). − 6. 14.33. (− 0.06).56.61. (−1.

4. y = − 6x 3. y = 3x − 4 625 . −4. − 4 y –20 20 exercise 5. −20 y 4 y 10 –6 –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 2 1 2 x –3 –2 –10 –2 –20 –4 b −3.Answers b b 3. − 6 y y 10 10 5 5 –2 –1 0 1 CHAPTER 3 x 2 –3 –2 –1 0 1 x 5 –5 –5 –10 23 a 1. 2. 4. 7. y = 7x + 100 − 4. −5. y = − 4x − 6 linear 7. 8. 2. 4 y x y 20 2 0 1 b 1.3 10 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 –10 1 2 x 1 a b c d e f a= a= not a= a= a= 7. −3 4 –1 0 –1 10 1 3 x 2 –2 –1 0 –2 1 2 3 4 x –10 22 a 2. −4. 0. −5. y = 7x + 93 − 6. − 4. −3 19 y = x 4 − 5x 2 + 4 20 y = −x 4 + 20x 2 − 64 21 a 5.

2. A*(1. 1. 0). − 6) O*(0. C*(0. 2) ii (7. 0).5 mL/min c 1709 mL/min d 22. 1). b = 3. B*(−1. C*(0.0 d 10 4 09 0 1 (2. the image point is (18. y ∈ R .Answers CHAPTER 5 2 a b c d 3 a b c d 4 a b a = 4. 2) 3 --. −2) i (−7.4 1 a (3. y ≤ −2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 x –20 –40 4 a (−1. c = 8 a = 2.9 < t < 25. −2) exercise 5. 0). 1 × 3 rectangle O*(0. y ≥ 6 1 a (3. 0).0 D 3 : 2 . 6) c y b (15.5 min 5 0 1 2 3 5 x 1 2 4 2 a (−3. 0). 0). − 4) b (6. (4. C*(0.02 b 1012. c = 5 a = 2. c = 15 quadratic. y = −7x 3 + 6x 2 + 8x − 5 y = −x 2 + 5x − 10 y = x 3 + x 2 − 10 exercise 5.52 cm2 9 a 0. b = 5.25 cm3. 4) c (−9.78 3 6 y = --. 0). 4) b 1. A*(6. −5) b x ∈ R. 1). b = 3.9 x + 1. B*(1.+ 1. 1 10 2 0 1 b (6. 1). A*(1. 1 × 1 square in first quadrant (−3. y = − 4x 2 + 3x − 7 cubic. 7). 12) iii (15. 1 × 2. C*(0. 7) b (−12. 1). 0). 3). 0).47 cm c 52. B*(1. 1 × 7 rectangle O*(0. c = 0 a = 8. 1). ---. 2) (− 6. −12) b x ∈ R.5 × 5 cm 5 20. B*(1. A*(0. −3) iii (− 4. 0). y = 6x 3 − 4x 2 + 5x − 2 cubic. 3). 4) c (4. 1 × 1 square in second quadrant O*(0. 5) b (−2. Reflection in y = x: 0 1 . 0).5 8 87. −1). 0). 6) b (−1. 6 × 1 rectangle O*(0. 1 × 1 square in fourth quadrant O*(0. C*(0. A*(−1. 15) i (−32.5 1 a C = 7. 2) ii (7. A*(1.51 cm3 4 31. 42) 3 a c 4 a 5 a 6 a b c d e f 7 a 8 a b 9 a 80 01 Revision questions Short answer 15 1 0 1 0 --3 10 b 1 --.2: 1 0 02 626 7 y = 1. 6) D1. (0. 1).8x + 13 000 b \$18 460 c 897 2 a 50 625 m2 b 101 250 m2 3 a (0. 0). −6) c No. B*(1.5 c y 5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 3 5 x 4 –5 –10 –15 3 a (4. y ≥ −12. 21) 2 a (−2. −1).5 × 2. −5) c (−5. 0). −2) c y 0 b x ∈ R.2 x b x ∈ R. b = 5. y = 3x 2 − 4x + 6 quadratic. 7). B*(6.5 min e 18. C*(1.

(−5.5x3 c y = 2(x − h)2 10 5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 1 2 3 4 x –5 627 . (0. –1) x –10 5 a (−2. −10) b x ∈ R. y = 1 c y 10 10 1 x –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 –5 5 –10 –2 –1 0 y x 1 –1 b x ∈ R\{0}.5(x − 2)(x + 3)2 2x − 5 b y= x 2 + 6x d y= (x − 2)2 − 3 b y= 4 c y = -----------. y = 3 c b x ∈ R\{3}.− 5 ( x + 3 )2 10 a b c d 11 a c 12 a b x ≥ − 4. 0).(x − 3)4 + 7 9 Extended response 1 a y = −x3 b y = 0. 0).Answers c 8 a x = −3. −1) c 1 y y y y y y y = = = = = = = 5 6 x 5x − 82 3x 2 + 10 −5 x + 1 + 2 1 --. y ≥ −1 1 7 a x = 0. y ∈ R\{3} y 1 2 3 4 −x(x + 2)(x − 1) (x + 1)(x − 5) 2(x − 2)(x + 3) 0. y ∈ R\{1} 15 5 (–4.+ 5 d y= x–2 e y = −2(x + 2)(x − 1)(x − 3) 9 f y = ------------------. y ∈ R c y –4 –3 –2 –1 0 2 –5 –10 6 a (− 4. 0). (1. y ∈ R\{−2} c y 10 y 10 5 CHAPTER 5 5 –2 –1 0 1 x –5 –8 –7 –6 –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 9 a x = 3. y = −2 b x ∈ R\{−3}.

03 + 0. (−1. 4). 3 up f (14..5 s 20 b y 10 2 x = –3 (0. (4. (0. (2. (0. (2. 2) 2). (0. . 0) 2). 0). (2. 0) −108).6 min b y = 17.1 y 1 3 4 5 80 60 97. 1 down d x ≥ −1. − 3–1 ) –6 –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 –2 1 2 0 x − 6. 525 m a 40. (2.8x b ¥12 448 c Narita a d = 155 − 85t b 40 c 1 h 42 min d 150 100 20 50 –1 0 2 a b c d e f 3 a (0. (0. --.5 cm/h \$55. -----4 5 10 c dilation of 2 in y direction. 12. (0. (0.9 cents/L 2 70 m/min. 6).010 054x b 8.1 g b y 200 –6 0 2 b 8 a c 9 a y = –1 –4 8 10 e reflection in x-axis. −3 1 2 3 4 5 x 6).08. 2). 4). (0.90 3080 MJ 162 L 1 2 3 10 a --. 0) 0 2 6 a 32 L/min 7 a h t b 1 min 52. − 0. − 4). y ≤ 3 y 3 2 1 2 4 6 t 4 c 25 cm candle. (0. (6. translation of 3 left.88) 628 1 x 100 0 400 800 x 11 rate of change is −1 °C/h in 1st hour but −2 °C/h in 2nd hour 12 a B b A c B d i B ii A e i A ii B f i A ii B g B 13 Answers may vary.. 0) 0). translation of 1 left. (1. − 4) − 4).3 b no a y = 77. (0.Answers CHAPTER 6 d y = 2(x − 2)3 + 54 exercise 6.

90 b \$0. height is decreasing ii 10 m/s t b exercise 6.2 °C/h 3 100 km/h 4 a \$85.48 per day 1 5 a 1 b −3 c − --d 9 0 per MJ 2 4 c i 2..4 5 b 5. rate of decline has been slowing 7 a 84.95 per year c i 76 ii poor estimate.2 51 1 --------. 13. 17 m/s t iii 1. joined points show different slopes (rates) for each 5 year period h N 200 CHAPTER 6 100 t ii 0 h 10 20 t b 6.222 15 e i 1 ii 1.71 km/h b 80.6 1 --2 629 .53 km/h 8 a i 5 m/s ii 4.5 t iii h 10 a 1 b ≈ 80 c 50 11 a 45 m b 3s c −15 m/s d 15 m/s e i −10 m/s.1 m/s iii 4. steepest in middle section 158 2 a −1.3 h 2 a ≈6 3 a 2 4 a 4 --3 b ≈ 11 b −2 1 a 2 c b 2 d − 0.ii −0.62 N 10 t 5 exercise 6. 9.5 °C/h b −1.8 c −1 b 1.7 ii 1.009 127 c \$1.Answers 14 a i 6 a take t = 0 to represent 1985.01 m/s b 4 m/s 9 a i −4 ii −3 b i 9 ii 6 c i 17 ii 10 2 d i − -----.

25. 7) 5 0 2 b 5 m/s 4 t 0 2 c 10. 7 m east iii t = 2. 16 m east iv −1.2.8. 0.4 m east iv 0 m/s d i 23 m east.25 iii − 0. 0.4 1 a b c 2 a b c d 3 b 4 a i 0. 23 m east ii east iii t = 1. 0. 1 ii 1. 16 m west iv 0 m/s 630 ii west iv 2 m/s i 5 m west. 2.2 i − 0.2.8 iii 0. 9 m west v 0 m/s 2 4 t –4 –8 (5. 6.3 i 0.3 ii 0. at O ii east iii t = 2.6 i −1.2.2 ii 0. 36 m west iii no change in direction v − 4 m/s 20 b 10 x (6.2 ii 0. 24 m east 6 8 t ii west .Answers c x 5 a (0.3 i −2. 24) 20 10 0 i (0.25 m east v −1 m/s ii east iv −2 m/s x d (8.8.2 m/s c i at O. 8. 2.5 i 1. 12 m west iv 3 m/s b i 12 m east. 0 m/s d –5 4 6 t (0. 10. at O ii west iii t = 1. 0 iii 0.2. –10) i at O. 10. 15 m east ii west iii t = 2.5 i − 0.5. 32 m east. 4. 0. 1 i −25 m/min ii 550 m iii 55 m/min i at O. 64) 15 50 Speed 10 CHAPTER 6 25 5 0 0 4 t 10 t 8 –25 linear (speed = 2t + 1) 6 a 5 (10. –5) Speed 10 –10 5 0 2 4 t linear (speed = 10 − 2t) c x 7 c Graphs B or C 8 b Graph C 0 exercise 6. 10 m west iii t = 1.5 ii 0. 0. 2 ii 0.4 m west.5. t = 4. t = 7. 1 ii 0. 8) 2 4 8 m east.3. 1 iii 0. 0.5. –36) d ii west iv −10 m/s i 64 m east.

4) 0 2 0 t 4 c v –10 (5. 16 m west iii t = 1. 15. 125) 100 0 –1 0 2 4 c − 40 m/s b 120 m. 0 m/s d 21. t = 3. 4 m east iv − 4 m/s 6 a ii west –2 v 3 m/s 200 m h d v 1 200 (5. 6.8 x 0 0. 1 m west v −2 m/s e iv 2 m/s 8 a v 0.15.2 m east v −16 m/s f 6 v 1 ii east iv −10 m/s 0.8 s c −15 m/s –40 –80 631 . –30) –40 b i at O. 4 s.Answers iii t = 3.4 t 2 CHAPTER –20 0 5 10 t 5 10 t 5 10 t 5 10 t (3. –16) 0 i 4 m east. 30 m west iii t = 1.6 s. 0 m/s 7 a t 9 v h 80 200 40 100 0 0 10 5 10 t 20 b 195 m. at O.5 x (0.

1.5 5 CHAPTER 6 0 0 2 t 4 x 0 iii iv 12 m 2 v (10. 0.5 °C 300 1 3 a 2nd section b − -----45 4 a 7. 4 m iii 0 4 t 10 Revision questions (4.3 7 3 8 a 5 m/s 9 −2 ii 47. 4 m 4 4 b h 2 iv 6 --.m 3 iii x 6 4 (4.1 b 50. 1) (4. 5.2 L 100/km b Sandra’s.08 m/s 6 a i 52.Answers 10 a ii 3. −6. −4 m iii 5 0. 0.°C/m b 70. fewer litres needed to travel 100 km 1 2 a − --------.5 –8 c ii −2.. –4) –4 10 t b ii 1. 9.5 m/s b ii − 4. 12) 10 0.5 t 4 1 (4. 12 m iii iii iv 12 m x v 1 (10. 5 ---. 1.5. 1 m/s 632 4 t c 7.5) 1.1 b constant speed . 4) 0 t 2 0 2 11 b 425 m 12 a ii 0.6 beats/min2 b unlikely 5 a no t 4 –2 1 1 d ii 3 --.5. 4) Short answer 2 0 5 iv 8. −8. 6. 0. −2.5 m x 2 1 a 8.

4. 9 °C b 1. 9} 5 2 a -----26 3 a {2. 6 m west ii west iii t = 0.95 average growth rate 0.Answers 10 a t=4 e i x 100 f 10 ii 2 °C/h R t 0 4 12 t 8 v 10 b 3 a x 0 2 t –2 10 11 t –4 v 4 (3. 5.7 cm/week 24 °C. 7 4 a i -----10 3 5 a i --ii 5 11 6 a -----25 1 7 a --2 CHAPTER 1 b --3 21 b -----26 1 11.38 m west. –6) –6 0 2 4 t b i at O.42. 0.38 m east iv −2 m/s v 1 m/s (5.14 0. 3.75 ii 1. –6) –6 4 exercise 7.6. 7. 0. –6) –4 c i ii 2 m/s x iii no –8 0 12 a v 2 t –2 12 –4 8 (3.5 cm i no change ii 0 3–10 weeks i 0. t = 1.17 °C/h t = 10 d t = 10 1 a {1.1 0 20 40 60 t b 540 m Extended response 1 a b c d e f 2 a c 54. 13} b --6 3 ii -----10 2 2 --iii --5 5 5 c -----13 c 10 7 b 150 b 12 1 -----14 b i 14 ii 1 b --3 c 0 633 .

.x + -----3 3 16 ii ( -----. degree 4 c (t + 2)(t + 2 )(t − 2 )(t − 2) 635 . HTT. 0) 4 13 b y = − --.5] 2 –2 0 –2 –4 c 4 a c 5 a b c reflections in x-axis 2x + 3 b (x + 6)(2x − 5) (2x − 1)(x 2 − x + 1) q(x) = x 2 − 2x − 3 (x + 1)(x − 3) CHAPTER 8 y r 10 4 8 6 –2 0 4 2 0 2 4 x –4 100 200 t c 105 months. 240].66 b i 0.5.81 8 elements in sample space {HHH. then 1. TTT} and assign one to nobody being caught :randInt.22 –2 c 0. We can exclude there being n tails so 2n − 1 elements are possible.3 2 b --7 b 2 3 -----14 b 0.25 d 0.25 5 d --7 15 -----37 0. 8.67 c 0.40 e 0.52 b 0.7 3 a 1 6 a --9 3 7 --7 1 8 a -----13 1 b --9 b 0. HHT. range = [2. 1 7 3 1 -----b -----c --d 0 e --16 16 8 4 4 1 1 5 7 i -----ii --iii --iv -----10 2 8 20 1 a i 0 1 Chapters 1–7 revision questions 1 1 a r = 2. THH. THT.19 10 a 0. of which one has all heads. 10. HTH. TTH.02 1 11 a --7 12 Yes c 2 -----11 c 2 a 3 a b 2 4 x 2 4 x –2 c –4 b y 4 Extended response 1 1 1 ii --iii --iv -----15 7 3 1 v --------------2n – 1 n tosses will mean 2n elements in the sample space.5 + -----.09 ii 0. 225 months 2 a 5 c i (−3. 0) 3 d x ≤ −1 or 2 ≤ x ≤ 3 6 a 0 b t 4 − 6t 2 + 8. 20) and assign one number to nobody being caught 13 a 0 14 a 15 a 16 a c y 4 21 b -----52 19 b -----58 9 a 0.t 30 b domain = [0.08 0.Answers 5 0.

--. 4] 15 a [0.. −1) 3 18 a x = −1. 2). range = [0. … iii c = 3 iv c = 1 or 2 1 b −1. 5] b y –2 4 y = –3 2 0 –2 –4 0 2 4 x –6 –2 –4 –6 636 x –2 y 4 b x 0 –2 y –2 y 28x 320 --------. c = 4. –2 –4 b y = −2(x + 1)2 + 3 c reflection in x-axis. 7.+ --------3 3x 4 b −3 ≤ x ≤ − --3 8 b 5 cm and 10 cm d yes c [−7. a + b + c = 6 b y = −x 2 + 3x + 4 c y = −(x + 1)(x − 4).Answers x A – π x2 A c r = ---------. 1]. 0). 2] 4 c 0 4 2 y 2 x –4 0 14 a (−1. 2 2 4 6 1 b (− --. 2] 16 a x .. (0. translation 1 left and 3 up 17 a −1 b domain = [1. y = −3 c 2 y 4 –2 0 x x = –1 2 c domain = [−3. x 2 + y2 = 100 b 6 cm by 8 cm a 16 − 4c b i c=4 ii c = 5. dilation by factor of 2 in y direction.(or r = -------------------) 2 2πx 2πx 7 b 75.4 cm2 d A = 2πRx 8 10 11 12 13 4 c 9 a x<1 CHAPTER 2 12 c x < − -----5 a x + y = 14. ∞). 3 2 a 4a − 2b + c = − 6. range = (− ∞. 6.− --.

08 A 3 1 2x − 3y = −27 (or −2x + 3y = 27) 1 2 a i 4 ii − --b −5 2 + 2 2 3 c (2x + 1)(x − 1)(x − 2) 11 4 a -----b y = x 2 − 2xz 5 5 x = −1. − 6) 2 b y 2 4 1 –2 0 0 x 2 2 x 1 –4 b V = 36π + 10t 24 a 3 cm c r= 25 a 3 15t 27 + -------2π d 0.68 30 a 2 0. 3). c = 3 30 01 b (3.2 26 a −3 m. 3 21 a i c ii –1 0 0 1 iii 1 0 02 b 1. 0) y 4 17 1 7 b i -----.58 s e 34 m 1 3 3 1 27 a --b -----c -----d --2 10 10 2 28 a M 4 b --3 8 a a = 4. (0.Answers 19 a (−2. 0 < x < 2 3. 2 4 10 a 2(x 2 − 2) 11 a (1.425) ii --.(0.5 m 23 a (−1. etc. 3) 2) y 4 2 e --5 0 2 x –4 10 T 14 36 20 (M = set of men.2 R1′ 0.(0.8 R1 0. 8) 22 a 1. 4). y = 2 6 a (x − 4)2 − 5 b 4± 5 3 7 a (−2. (0. 0). T = set of tea drinkers) 637 .9 R2 0. --4 b 2(x + 2 )(x − b (0. 2) b c (−1.98 Examination-style technology-free questions –2 20 a a = 2 b b = −1.x − --3 3 3 9 a x = ± --2 1 c x = --. 25 km x 40 30 20 10 c 0 0. (1.9 c 0.125 m b A(x) = x(4 − x 2).(0. 27 m b 6 m/s c x = 2(t − 1)2 − 5. 0).28) 40 8 25 29 a 0 b 0. 2) 9 b x = 0. ( --.071 cm/s b 15 min. 0).) –2 0 2 x b 0.4 t 0. (1.1 R2′ CHAPTER 8 (R1 = rain on first day..125) c -----. −5 m d 2. 0).. b = −3 4 1 c y = --.12 d 0. 1 s.

65 0.. d ≥ 0 d + 10 d V f no y 0 2 x b y = − x–2 − 1 –2 A 10 –2 15 t 10 min 20 s e 10.96] Examination-style technologyactive questions 638 40 L V = 8t x 5 0 –10 1 a i b i 4 d (1.8 − 2x) i [0.6 m by 9.85 y 0 10 20 ii 0.7 0. −18.48 m2.05 0.125).6)(9.4. 3.5 m d 3 a P = 1 + -----10 b i c=6 ii 3 L 60 c V = --------------.8 0.15. b = −1 c b V y 150 4 100 CHAPTER 2 8 50 –4 –2 0 2 4 x x=1 –2 0 d f 2 a b –4 c 13 a B B′ A 0.9) ii 25. a > 0 d iii 3 − x 3 iii --5 1 e --------130 ii a = −1 .8 5 ii 156 L ii V = 12t − 24 10 20 30 40 50 4 a i 4−x ii 5 − x b x=2 5 17 c i --ii -----8 20 4 22 d i --ii -----5 25 5 b q(x) = ax 2 + 2x − 1 c i a < −1 iii −1 < a < 0.2 A′ 0. 2. 25 m2 0 2 15 iii 0.8 m iii x = 2. 4.4 L/min i T = 92 − 2t ii 62 °C 9.Answers 12 a a = 3. 28.8 − 2x A = (x + 2.15 0.75 m by 7.15 b i 0.15 0.3 14 a 4 6 2 4 x –5 –15 range = [0.

180°. 0).878 c − 3 f −1 i 1 3 d ------2 3 e − ------2 g 1 1 h --2 1 − ------3 1 c ------2 1 f ------2 1 i --2 k − 3 l j 3 18 a − ------2 j 1 − ------2 b 3 CHAPTER 9 l 1 − --2 639 .51 km 2 147.Answers d 17 a 4 i 5.5 m 5 67.53 c − 0.1076 h 4.666 b 0.661 km b 262.8 m 12 112 m 14 a 50° d 280° 15 326°19′ 16 a 5 h 13 min c i 6. 0).985 c 1 1 ---b − 2 2 3 1 ------e − --2 2 1 1 − ------h ------2 2 3 3 − ------k − ------2 2 iii 2.2 y 1 a –1 0 1 2 x i –2 –4 (1.5 cm 4 a 4.299 km iv 14.7699 4.2° 2 exercise 9.8151 d 3.480 km π --3 5π -----6 11 π --------6 30° 210° 90° 0.2392 c f 1.60 m 7 a i 30° b i 30° 8 90 m 11 a 48. 0). 3 π c f i l c f 1 − --2 b − ------b −k 0.7 m 13 91. (0.4° 6 a 1.35 m 40° iii 40° iii 38°41′ 10 b 5.43 km b 6. 360° b 270°. 2) e y 4 2 –1 0 1 2 x –2 –4 f e 2 a e i 3 a e 4 a e 5 a e 6 a e 7 a e 8 a c 9 a 10 a d g j 11 a d 1 (−1. (0.53 b − 0.45 cm c 72°33′ e 51°55′ f 6.78 km ii 7.01 m d 13. (2.18 m 3 19. 180° π.1 1 a 4. 630° 0. 0).158 fourth second fourth second second first 1 d − --2 b d ------b d −k d 0.1397 g b 131°47′ c f 249°14′ g b −1 c f 1 g b 1 c f 2 b 1 c f 2 0°.66 km iii 342° ii 8.9076 1. 2) 3 12 a x < 0 or 0 < x < 2 13 a 14 a 15 a 16 a exercise 9. ( --.20 m b 3.7497 85°57′ 98°33′ 0 −1 3 2 2 π b -----c 12 5π f -----g 4 2π j -----k 3 b 120° c f 270° g j 195° k b 1. 2π b second b third first e fourth second h fourth third k fourth third b third second e fourth 1 1 − --b --c 2 2 b b − ------b ------c b b k b −k c − 0.013 km π --4 3π -----2 π d --2 7π h -----4 4π π l -----3 105° d 15° 330° h 450° 390° l 405° 1.53 1.7 m ii ii 9 b e b 3..9937 45°50′ d 251°18′ 105°25′ h 203°58′ −1 d −1 0 h −1 3 d 1 d 1 0 0°.98 m 230° c 330° f 17 a d g 60° 60° 141 m 100° 150° b 16. 0)(2.

2] [−2. 6π 2 2 a 1.. 4π 4 [−1. π. 2] d 3. π e 1. 2 g 2. 4π. --. [−1.⎞ c − ⎛ ---------------------⎞ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ 4 4 ⎠ 6+ 2 --------------------4 y 3π — 2 2π x –2 –4 π – 3 2π — 3 x 6π x . 2π.. 4π π – 2 4π 1 y 0 640 π –1 exercise 9. 4π. π. 12. [−3.32 d i θ c 2– 6 -------------------4 y 2π 3π d 7 d − -----25 e −7 4 3 --iv --5 5 90° − θ ii θ 2. 4] [−1. 3π f --. [0.3 3 a x –3 21 a 1 a 4. π π – 2 –2 6+ 2 6+ 2 b − ⎛ --------------------. 3] π 5π 1 – 2 b 3. 1] π 2π – –21 –1 e y 4 2 2 1 0 –1 –2 3π 4π x y 0 π c 3.Answers 1 19 a --2 3 d ------2 CHAPTER 9 3 g − ------2 1 j ------2 20 a b −1 1 c − --2 1 e − ------2 1 h --2 1 k − --2 f i l b 3 1 − ------3 1 ------3 2 1 0 –1 1 6+ 2 d --------------------4 c 6– 2 -------------------4 2– 6 b -------------------4 22 a 5 -----13 12 b -----5 1 4 23 a − --5 4 b --3 0 7 24 a − ---------53 2 b − ---------53 25 a − 1 – k 2 1 – k2 b − ------------------k 3 26 a --5 4 b − --c 1 3 3 4 27 a i --ii --iii 5 5 b i 90° − θ ii c 0. c 2.. [−2. 2] h 1. 1] f [−2. --2 5 e 1. 1] b 2. π 1 d --. 12.

Answers f j y 4 2 0 g y 2 1 π– 2 π 3π — 2 –2 –1 –4 –2 k y 3 CHAPTER 0 2π x 2 4 9 x y 2 – 3 2 1 – 3 1 0 π – 2 –1 x 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 x –2 h –3 – –31 y – –32 2 l 1 – 2 1 0 π 2π 3π 4π x 0 4 a –2 1 –1 y 0 y 0 1 x 0.5 – –21 –1 i y π– 2 π 3π — 2 2π x –1 1 2 x –2 –3 641 .

Answers f b y y 4 1 3 –1 0 π π – 2 2π x 3π — 2 –2 CHAPTER 9 2 –3 –4 1 –5 0 c π π – 2 3π — 2 2π x g 0 y –1 2 π – 2 π 3π — 2 2π 5π — 2 3π 7π — 2 4π x –2 –3 1 –4 –5 0 d y 1 π π – 2 3π — 2 2π x –6 h y 0 π– 2 π 3π — 2 2π x y 1 0 –1 –1 π – 2 π x π – 4 π – 2 –2 –3 –2 –4 –5 –3 –6 –7 e y 4 i y 0 3 –1 2 –2 1 –3 0 642 π – 2 π 3π — 2 2π x x .

Answers j b y 4 y 1 0 –1 3 π π– 2 2π 3π — 2 5π — 2 3π 7π — 2 4π x –2 CHAPTER –3 2 9 –4 –5 1 c 0 k π – 4 π – 2 y 1 – 2 x y – π–2 –π 3 π – 2 0 π x – –21 2 d y 3 1 2 0 l 1 x 2 1 y 7 6 – –2π –π 5 π – 2 0 π x –1 4 3 e 2 1 y 4 3 0 1 x 2 1 5 a y 2 0 –1 π – 2 π 3π — 2 2π 5π — 2 3π 7π — 2 4π x –2 1 –3 –4 0 π – 2 π 3π — 2 2π x 643 .

+ 3 6 e y = sin 3x – –3π 20 10 x = ±1 π –3— 2 y –π ––2π π – 2 0 π 3π — 2 x –10 20 –20 10 e y π –3— 2 –π – π– 2 0 π – 2 π 3π — 2 x 10 –10 5 –20 –3π –5—π –2π –3—π – π –π– 0 2 2 2 b y –5 10 –10 5 –6π –5π –4π –3π –2π –π 0 –5 –10 644 π 2π 3π 4π 5π 6π x π – 2 π 3π — 2 2π 5π — 2 3π x .Answers f c y 3 y 2 10 1 CHAPTER 0 9 5 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40 44 48 x –1 –2 – –2π –3 6 a y = −3 sin x c y = −sin x + 1 πx g y = 2 sin -----4 7 3π π π 8 a x = ± --b x = ± --6 2 9 d x = ±π e x = ±2π 2π g x = ± -----3 1 j x = ± --4 a π h x = ± --2 π k x = ± --6 – –6π π – 3 π – 2 x –10 d y 1 c x = ± --2 3π f x = ± -----4 3 i x = ± --2 l π – 6 0 –5 b y = 2 cos x + 1 d y = −cos(2x) x f y = −cos --.g 2 πx h y = −2 cos -----.

Answers f 11 a y y 20 20 10 10 π –3— 2 – –2π –π CHAPTER π – 2 0 3π — 2 π 0 –2 2 4 6 9 x x –10 –10 –20 –20 b 10 a y y 20 10 10 5 0 π π – 2 3π — 2 2π –1 x 0 1 2 3 4 x –10 –5 –20 –10 c b y y 20 20 10 10 –π – π–2 0 π – 2 π – –12 x 0 1 – 2 1 3 – 2 x –10 –10 –20 –20 4 12 --π π 13 --2 645 .

232. February.9332. 315° e 150°. 3. ---------.8947. 2. -----6 6 6 6 3 3 π 7π π 5π g ---. --------12 12 12 12 π a = 25.9256 6 a 0. 6. 2. 2.4334.4 b i 1 a 60°.9370 d −1. 3. 238° c 206°45′. ------. ------. --------4 4 6 6 6 6 5π 7 π 11 π 4π π π d ---. −2. ---------.004 c i 2 a b d 3 a d 7 π 11 π 19 π 23 π iii ------. ---------. −2. 237. 225° d 225°.092 b Pascali found the reference angle with his calculator in DEGREE mode 7 π 11 π 19 π 23 π π 7 π 9 π 15 π 7 a ---.3462.4992.4636. 4.51°.49°.3462.7227. c = 0 6 6 am and 6 pm c 25 cm below 6h e 8h 15 s b 14 cm c 5s P 15 10 5 0 20 30 40 50 60 t –10 –15 ii 224π cm b 10 e i 8 4 a 6s c f 1 0. --------f ---. -----6 6 3 3 3 a 36.51° f 15.0160. 317. 5.63°.6780. 3. −5. 8. 315° c 45°. 5.2915. -----f − ---.87°. --------12 12 12 12 3 3 10 a 2. -----b – ------. 143.5605 c − 0. ---------. 319°24′ b 122°.0748 d 0. 210° f 120°. 6500 c August (t = 1) October January. 333°15′ 5 a 0. --------c ------. -----h ---.4668. -----4 4 15 30 45 60 t –0. 2 m b 28 c 2m . June 10 m.079. 5. 3. ---------.6915 g 2.5 6 5 –1 4 5 a d e 6 a 3 2 1 0 646 π – 2 π 3π — 2 2π x 5000 b 3500. 161. 0.2469 e 2. 300° 3π 11 π 5 π 11 π π π 2 a ---.0412. ---------. 4.4189.19°. -----d ------.1256 5π 7π 5π π 4π 5π 9 a ------.5 1 a ii 1 m 3π 7π ii ------. – ------.19° d 79.3911 i 3. −2. --------b ------. --------3 3 3 3 5 π 7 π 13 π 15 π 21 π 23 π d ------. – --------6 6 6 6 6 6 8 a 0. b = --.8195.13° b 42. March.8643 h 2. 3.7082.650 e 2. ---------. --------4 4 4 4 6 6 6 6 4 π 7 π 10 π π c ---.9913 b −5. -----e ------.7166. -----4 4 3 3 3 3 π 7 π 13 π 19 π π 4π c – ---.5 0 y 7 10 –5 exercise 9. ------. 2.5499.73° c 50. – ---. 3. 230.9614 b − 0. ------.1004 c 0.6052 c −2. 280. – ---------.6748 d 1.37° e 57. ---------.27°.. -----b ---. --------4 4 4 4 4 4 5π 5π π 7 π 13 π 19 π e − ------. April. ------. ------.050. May.4331 b 1.51° 4 a 139°24′.1180 f 2.8198. ------.Answers CHAPTER 9 exercise 9. 5.1652. 2. 120° b 45°.2495. -----4 4 7m π 5π ---.

45 647 . 23 °C c 16 20 24 28 t πt b h = 1.45 5π e − -----4 e −210° 3 e ------2 1 e --2 d 0.5 °C.014 km 2π π 3 a -----b -----12 3 4 a 45° b 150° 5 4 3 5 a 1 2 6 a 0 1 1 − ------3 7 a 0.+ 120 6 c 90 m d 1.h 2 b − 0.7 5 c − 0.8 m.Answers d c 6. 5:33 pm 8 a 20 h b h 7 Revision questions 6 Short answer 1 a 50 m 2 88.8 m e 6m f between midnight and 5 am and 3 pm and midnight d 10 9 a y 1 8 0 6 CHAPTER 2 4 6 9 10 t 8 –1 4 –2 2 4 0 8 12 e 2:20 am.40 s 24 32 40 48 t 1 b 0 b 50 3 m 7π -----4 c 300° c c 1 g − --h 2 b 0 c 1 g − ------.2 m d 7. 5.45 f 0 f 8 16 12 t πt b h = −30 sin ----. 11:40 am 7 a 23.73 s 10 a f 9 h 20 min b 27 °C h °C 140 25 120 T 20 100 80 E 15 60 10 40 5 20 6 0 12 18 24 0 t 3 6 9 d 10:28 am.− 0.5 cos ----.45 0 3 − ------2 0 − 3 13 π d --------6 d 165° d 0 1 d ------2 c − 0.24 m d 1.

24 × 108 3 2n + 7 b 211 − n × 32n + 7 (or ---------------) 2 n – 11 1 b x 2 − ----x2 . 225° 5π 3π 7π π 12 a ---.17 vi − 0.0042 ii − 0.3189.6021 1 a 0. 300° c 0.392 × 106. [−3. --3 3 c 120°. -----. vii 3 a 3000 b i 5000 ii 1000 c 1100 d 6 4 a 2 b a = 1.65.6 × 104 6 a 1.91 iv 0.61 km c 2. π. 0⎞ ⎝6 ⎠ ⎝ 6 ⎠ –4 Extended response b y 1 0 –1 π 2π 3π 4π 5π 6π x –2 –3 –4 –5 –6 CHAPTER 10 c exercise 10. 23 ⎝ 2⎠ b 2−10 e 211 4 a 56 y3 d ----x2 p 12 f -------q8 5 a 4. 120° b 135°. 3 3 a 211 d 2− 4 g 23n − 4 20 10 – –6π 0 π – 6 x –10 –20 11 a 60°.54° 2 a i 0.29 × 10− 4 f 6. 11. --.. 4] 3 3 5 ---------7 9 a 3.76 iii vi.91 v 2. 3] 10 a 14 a y 1 y π – 2 0 4 π 2π x 3π — 2 –1 2 –2 0 π x π – 2 –3 –2 5π π b (0. 0⎞ .2475.42 iii 0.76 b i 2. -----b ------.3 × 108 d 1.44 × 10−9 cm n+1 2 ------------9 c 5 × 25n + 6 8 a 1 9 a x 2 + 2 + ----x2 648 b b11 4x11 c 2 (or 21) f 2−n + 1 b 24 (or 16) c e 2 × 34 (or 162) x4 ----2 25x 6 y 3b 6 g --------------h -----------8 4ac 2 b 2. 6) 2 4 d 12 cm e ---. 4)∪(5. -----3 3 4 4 13 0.. c = 12 c (1.589 × 103 c 3. b 9.Answers 8 a 2 b ---------3 5 2π b 2. 2)∪(3. − 0.1 y 1 a 210 1 d ----c2 2 2 3−2.9643. 4π. 5. 2π c a18 e 3a2b2 f 0 ⎛3 ---⎞ .51 km b 2.4 × 108 6. ⎛ ------.42 ii − 0.01 × 107 7 2. −1). 2−3. ⎛ ---. b = π. 7. [0.66 km d 101°3′ e 0.1 × 10−1 e 1.65 vii − 0.

38 649 .82 1 1.52 b 1.30 0.76 3.44 0.37 1 13 a 4 b 512 c 128 d --9 e 32 f 4.54 0.22 1.25x y = 3x 4 4 2 y = 0.39 c 1.5 3 y 0.67 0.Answers 1 x c -------------d xy − -----xy x2 – 1 1 1 10 x = --.5x –2 0 2 x –2 ii x < 0 x>0 2 y = 0.20 1 14 a 4 b 3 c x1/4 d --a x3 1 e x3 f y2/3 g ----h ---------------y4 a 9/2 b 2 15 a 2 b 31/2 1 1 16 a x + 2 + --b x − --x x 3 2 17 a --b − --2 3 9 18 262 cps 19 9:16 (or -----.g 12 9 12 a 18.2 1 a y 4 0 2 x x −3 −2.) 16 b 2 CHAPTER –3 –2 –1 0 4 y= y x (–31 ) y = 3x 2 –2 0 x 2 –2 x (–31 ) y=– 5 y 6 y = 4x y = –3x y = 0.5 −2 −1.36 0.25 2.5 1 1.84 2.5 0 0.2x y = 2x 2 y 0 6 a y = 2x –2 0 2 x y 2 y = 2x 6 2 4 x –2 y = 6x y = 3 × 2x 2 y= –2x –2 3 a 10 3 x 2 y 6 b i 1 c It rises more slowly exercise 10. y = --4 5 5 11 a 8 b 27 c 5 d --e 4 6 100 f --------.5 −1 − 0..5 2 2.5 1.

431 b −3 c 7.954. y = 1 9 2 4 x –2 0 a (− 0. 0. 0.06 × 107 J c no.079. 0).903 (= log108) i 0.322 (= log1021) i 0.667 5 1 3 a --b --c --2 2 4 d −2 e −1 f −2.653 ii 0. 0.001 = −3 f log99 = 1 logan = m 23 = 8 b 102 = 100 1 5−1 = --d am = n 5 2 b 4 c 1 d 0 e −3 1 1 3 2 --g − --h −3 i − --j --2 3 2 9 9 b 40 c 7. 2 exercise 10. 0. 1.34 i 0.602.908 ii 1.693 1 2 --e −2. 1.301.767. 1.106.460 f − --2 3 1 1000 b -----c 2 d 2 16 4 f 81 g 3 3.204 −2. (0.904 c − 0. 4 a 2. y = −2 4 a 5 a y 10 d 2 –4 0 6 a 4 –2 (3. 0).Answers b 6x = 3x × 2 x 7 c i 0 ii 1 11 y y 16 6 y = 2x 4 CHAPTER 10 12 y = x2 y = 2x − 1 8 2 y = 2x + 1 4 –2 8 0 2 y = 2x –2 x 2 12 –2 0 x 2 13 14 –2 15 16 (0. 0).262 b 0.585.5 c log1024 d log1030 3 b 2 c 3 d 1 e 2 14 −logan . 16) b x ≤ − 0.301. 6. 4). (4.754.903 ii 0.477 (= log103) i 0. 0. (0.322 ii 1.699.845. 1).588).653 (= log1045) log10x + log10y = log10(xy) i 1.807 b 1.908 (= log1081) log10(xn) = nlog10x log1014 b log102.5) x log10x − log10y = log10 ⎛ ---⎞ ⎝ y⎠ i 0. 0.767 or 2 ≤ x ≤ 4 3 4 a −1 b --c --2 3 a 2.477.8 b 2.5 = −1 log100. 1). 0.653 ii 1. y = −1 x e 7 a 8 a b c 9 a b c 10 a b c 11 a 12 a 13 24 650 0 y log3243 = 5 b log749 = 2 log121 = 0 d log20. (2.477 ii 0.3 d −2 1.477. 0.3 y 1 a c e g 2 a 2 2 x c 3 a –2 f (− 0.653 (= log104. 0.463 c −2.

292 g 13. 0.5. R 3 x = −2. ∞).. R 2 y 0 c (− ∞. ∞). 2 9 3 c y 26 a 2.096 b 2.6 kg b 1.631 f − 0. 0). (− --. 1. b y 3 28 a ( --. y: −2.Answers 15 a e 16 a 17 a 18 a c e 2. R 2 b y y = 5x 1 20 0 y = log5 x 0 10 –1 x 20 graphs are reflections in y = x 23 a (−2.121 e 0. R y = log2 2x y = log2 x y = log2 (x − 2) 2 2 4 x 10 x 5 10 3 x = --2 c (6. 3. 2) y 2 2 2 –2 0 3 6 9 0 x 2 x –2 –2 22 a.15.4 b y = 50 × 3t 1 a it triples c d 7015 y –2 1000 500 0 1 2 3 t 2 a 0. R 24 1 b ( --.723 d 2. −1.. 0. 15% increase per month c about 5 months 651 .465 c − 0. ∞).192 d 0. 0) i d (3.121 27 (−2.834 − 4. ∞). --. R 1 1 b x: --. (0.. 1) ii (2.322 b 0.73.. ∞).65) exercise 10. 1.758 c −1.162 f − 0.x3 9 21 a (0. 0).428 c −3 25 y y = log10 (x + 2) y = log10 –2x 1 y = log10 x loga2x loga5 + logax 5 0 x 10 CHAPTER c 10 f 10 –1 2 1 c y = --.. 9.192 h − 0.513 h 12.834 g 13 b 10 1003 b 354 always true b logax − loga3 d always true 3 5 --b --5 2 2 e 8 2 8 y = ----b y = --x x2 y = cxn 19 a d 20 a d 4.

0) y Short answer 2 1 --5 2 a 49 3 a 7 4 4 b 6 b 3.999 865 b 5.4 years 11 a 80 b eventual temperature c 78.375) iii y = − 0.631 y c 1.Answers CHAPTER 10 3 a y = 3 × 2t/10 b 51 days 4 a \$36 000.25x − 0.04 × 2n i 15 a = 2.097.77 2 y y = 2–x y = 2x 2 –2 –2 0 x 2 0 c i x 2 y –2 4 y = –2x 5 (1. 0).369 y = log3 3x 2 y = log3 x y = log3 (x − 1) 0 2 x 4 –2 12 a 8000 b 4000 d N = 8000 × 2−t/2 c 6 hours Extended response 1 a b c d 2 a i 0. \$28 800.8 b 20 c 11.32 mm iii 40.025t 28 years iv \$4.16 mm T = 0.2.0376t c 24 d 27 14 a N = 2500 × 1.009 58t.years 2 2 d M = 4 × 0.7 °C d 22. b = 5 i (0.2 million b N(t) = 200 × 1.66 ii C = 5 × 1.021t c 172.467) \$5. b = 0. 14.9 million d 2019 e 33.4 minutes 12 a 1575.625 b ii 0.5. \$23 040 b V = 45 000 × 0.625 2 x (1. 0. 1736 b N(t) = 1500 × 1.62 years 9 a 0. 0.96% b i 3025 ii 2016 c 2001 d 2038 Revision questions 1 b --6 7 a −4 1 8 a --4 9 a −1.262 10 log1015 11 c 9 b 27 b 1.1 10 a 204.05t c N(t) = 1500 × 2t/14.30 c \$80.96 mm ii 25 ii (1. −1).14 d 14.8t c 10 years 5 347 weeks 1 1 6 a 4 b 9 --c 9 --.2 years 13 a 8 b I = 8 × 10− 0.25 8 a A = 12. y = 1 y 2 –2 0 2 x –2 6 a −1 652 7 b − --2 ii 3 a i iii b i y = 2–x 2 –2 0 y = 5 × 0. 1654.9296t 7 a y = 100 × 1.42 21 ii 541 pesos iii 441% . 4.045t b \$155. (0.

−2) 4 15 a − ----x2 c y = −x + 4 and y = −x − 4 d 4 2 exercise 11.9 iii 1.Answers exercise 11. 3.5 2 4 − 2a h+3 i 2.2 2 4 x 1 a 2x b 6x 5 c 9x8 2 a 3 b 6x 2 c 24x 5 −x 3 −2x 4 f g 3 a a b 3bx 2 4a 3 6cx 5 f -----. gradient of the curve at (−1. ∞) 6x −8x 3x 2 −3x 2 1 9 b ⎛ ---.xx≥>00 2 –2 0 –2 b R or (−∞.99 iv 1. – ---⎞ ⎝ 2 4⎠ (−1.5 3 2a − 1 1 8 a -----------h+1 2 b i --3 6 a b c f 7 a b c f f 3 12 ii 10 -----11 4 f(x) = 0 2 x + 2.999 d 2 e 4 − 2a − h g 4 − 2a c 1 9 a d 10 a d 11 a c e c 11 a CHAPTER exercise 11.1] –4 5 4 ii 2. 0) ∪ (0. x ≥ 0 x 4 d 1 1 ----a2 2x −2 2x 2 2x + 2 2x − 4 −2x 1 g ----a2 b e b e b R/{0} or (−∞. ∞) y f(x) = 4 { (x2x−+1)1. 1 b 2 c --2 b 3 c −5 e −8 f 5 b −10 c −12 –1 5 b 12 c 9 d -----e − --6 8 b 0 c 0 1 e − --f 1 3 10 a 2 b No. . x < 0 { 2x.7.999 d 3 e 2a + h − 1 g 2a − 1 12 a f ′(x) = 2x − 1 2 1 4 − --2 ii 1.3 2 –4 c f c f 4x −2x −2x 6x 2 b 2x − 2 d −2 f −8x g 6x2 − 10 –2 12 a 100 1000 iii --------iv -----------101 1001 1 1 e ------------------.7] by [−3. 0) y = −3x − 3 and y = 3x − 6 a = −1 b b=2 y = − 4x + 9 e −4 2 14 a 5x4 b ----x2 2 1 c − ------------------d − ----x3 ( x + 2 )2 3 8 e ----f − ----x4 x3 c (1. 4. 2) and (−2. 1) f x>3 1 h 2x − ----x2 b (2. f not defined at x = 1 1 4 2 4 2−h i 1.1.1 1 a 5 f −8 2 2 a − --3 3 a 3 d 4 4 Answers question 5 a −1 6 a 4 d 2 7 a 6 8 a 3 9 a 3 d 1 b −4 g 7 c −2 d 5 e −6 h 20 i 5 1 b --c −3 2 b 0 c −1 e −9 f 7 should verify the answers obtained in 3. 0) [− 4. 0) and (2.99 iv 2.or --------------------a(a + h) a 2 + ah d e 13 a d y –2 11 c −3.x 4 3 h −12x 2 c 2cx d − 4ax 3 e 8ax 7 h −8cx7 b 3 653 .9 iii 2.x g -----------b d 4 a 2x + 1 d 13x12 e 20x19 10 d 2x 3 e -----.

4 1 4 --.Answers CHAPTER 11 5 6 7 8 11 13 14 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 c 2x − 5 d 3x 2 + 18x e 2x − 8 f 6 − 6x g 2x − 10 h 3x2 − 6x + 3 i 2ax + b j 3ax 2 + 2bx + c k 3x2 − 4x + 1 l 2x − 2b a 1 b 4x + 3 a 2 b 8 c −10 d −1 a f ′(−1) = 3 and f ′(2) = − 6 b f ′(−1) = −7 and f ′(2) = −1 x=5 9 t = ±3 10 x = 0.04) a 6 − 2x b f ′(2) = 2 c (6.x3 − --.x 3 − 4x + -----3 3 12 y = −x 2 + 4x 14 y = x 2 − 4x + 2 1 4 16 f (x) = --.x 4 − x 3 + x 2 − 5x + c 4 1 5 5 a --.t + --.x + c 3 4x3 + c 1 2 --.+ c x e 3t 2 + 2t + c f 3 g --. 0).x + --.x +c b 3 2 5⁄2 2 --.t 9 + c 9 1 5 e --. -----.x 2 + 6 x 3 ⁄ 2 + c 2 1 4 i --.t + c 3 1 3 --..x 3 − x + c b 3 c f 1 3 --.x4 + c 12 1 e --.t 4 + 2 t 3 ⁄ 2 + --. 5.x 3 + --.x 3 − x 2 + c 3 Answers will vary.x + --. 0) b (−1.+ c 2 t 1 h x 3 − --. − 4) dy -----. 0) c y = 6 − 2x d (2. f ′(−1) = 0 x3 31 (16. 0) and (2.83. 2) (= midpoint of points of zero gradient) linear function quadratic function degree n − 1 1 2 3 a − ----b − ----c − ----x2 x3 x4 4 d − ----x5 5 g --.x 3 ⁄ 2 2 1 28 a ---------2 x 2 e − ----x2 f 8 − ----x3 5 h --. 0) dx dy dy At (−2. 6) and (2.x2 + c 2 a b b --. 4 7 t = --12 a = 3 and b = 4 3 f ′(x) = 3x 2 + 1 and f ′(x) > 0 for all real values of x (−1.x 3 + x 2 + 4x + c 3 1 f --.+ c 4 t 3 8 a y = 5x + c b y = --. 6) 15 (−1.x2 + 4 c x2 − x4 + c 1 --.x − --. 0) b x > − --4 a 3(x − 1)(x − 3) b (1. − 6) and (1. a y = x 2 + 2x − 8 c y = x 3 − 2x 2 + 4 y = 4x 2 + 2x − 4 y = 2x 3 − x 2 + x − 13 15 y = −x 2 +3x + 3 17 f (x) = c − 2x 2 11 19 − -----12 21 quadratic 23 degree n + 1 f y = ax 2 + bx + c 1 14 b y = --.83. 0) and (2. -----.x 1 ⁄ 4 4 1 3 1 b ------c − -------------.t 13 + c 13 2 a 3x + c b 8x + c c 3 a x2 + c b 3x 2 + c c 4 1 d --.x + 6x + c 3 2 1 3 --.= −1 and at (−1.x 6 + c 6 1 d -----.+ c x c 8 3⁄2 --.x 2 + c 2 c y = x 2 + 5x + c d y = x 3 − 2x 2 + x + c 9 10 11 13 1 e y = --. 4) and (3.x + c 2 1 -----.= −5 at (6.x − -----------. 4) 32 a (1.x 2 + c 3 2 e x4 + x3 + c 6 a c 7 a c d 1 3 b 2 --.x +c 3 3 2 6 --.x + c 4 1 c --.x3 − x 2 − 4x + c d 3 1 3 5 2 --.= 1 dx dx (2.x3 + 3 6 1 4 a --.x − 3 1 d --.x + x2 + x + c 3 3 f −2x 3 + --.x 3 ⁄ 2 + c 5 3 1 − --.x + abx + 3 2 4 3⁄2 --.04) and (1.x2 + c b 3 2 2 c --.z + c 5 1 a 654 1 b --. 0) exercise 11.x 3 − 2x 2 + --3 3 18 11 20 −1 22 cubic Revision questions Short answer 1 a 4 b −8 c −8 1 2 a − --2 3 a 8x 1 b − --4 b 2x − 3 c −4x − 6 . 0) a 3x(x − 2) b f ′(1) = −3 c (0.x + c 3 2 1 3 a+b 2 --. − 4) 7 a (−2.d -------------3x 2 ⁄ 3 2x 3 ⁄ 2 x 1 29 a 7 + ----x2 1 c 2 − ---------2 x 2 b 2x − 4 − ----x2 2 30 f ′(x) = 2x − ----. 0).x3 + c e --. −1. −21) (−1.

9) local max 8 6 CHAPTER 12 4 2 –3 –2 –1 0 –2 1 2 3 4 5 6 x –4 –6 655 .t − 7t + c b z4 − z3 + 6z + c 3 1 1 c --. ---------⎞ . 3) y 6 5 4 3 h2 iii 11. ---------⎞ and (k. 5) y 10 (2.61 11 d 11 3a2 − 1 g 3a2 4 − 2x g ′(1. y-intercept at (0. – ---⎞ ⎝ 2 4⎠ c y = −x + 2 d (2.Answers b 9x 2 − 20x 4 a 2x c −2x 7 − 7x − 5 5 a 3 6 a 1 d 2x − 16 b −12x 2 + 7 c −2x 4 − 4x 2 − x b 7 c t=2 d t>4 7 a 2x − 5 5 1 b ⎛ ---. 0). ---------⎞ ⎝ 3 27 ⎠ ⎝ 3 27 ⎠ and (k. which is halfway between ⎛ ---. −1) local minimum ii x-intercepts at (1.3 cm3/cm 5 a −2 i.25 ii 11.26 m/m3 iii 0. 104°02′ (x − k)(3x − k) 48π cm2/s 64π cm2/s i 12 ii 12 h′(2) = h′(−2) and h′(x) = 3x2 so h′(x) = h′(−x) i g′(3) = 108 ii g′(−3) = −108 g′(3) = −g′(−3) and g′(x) = 4x3 so g′(x) = −g′(−x) 1600 litres b 20 minutes −80 i.e.x2 − 6x + c 3 3 2 13 y = x 2 + x − 1 14 y = 2x 2 − 2x + 4 11 a Extended response 1 a b c f 2 a c e 3 a + 6h + 11 i 14. 0) exercise 12. 0). 1) b (1. 4) d 45° k 4k 3 b ⎛ ---.x3 − --.2 1 a i (2.1 1 a 6 b 3 2 a 5 b 8 3 a 10 b h+8 c 8 d i 12 ii 4 4 28. a flow rate out of 120 L/min at t = 5 13 a i 0. 0) and f ′(2) = −1.06 iv 11. 9) local maximum ii x-intercepts at (−1. 0) and (5.21 m/m3 7 a b 8 a b 9 a b 10 a c exercise 12. −27) 1 3 --.18 m/m3 b Yes c 0. (3. 0) and (3. y-intercept at (0. 0).e.5) = 1 75°58′. an average flow rate out of 80 L/min over 5 ≤ t ≤ 15 d −120 i.006 e 3a2 + 3ah + h2 − 1 −1 b (2.x4 + x + c 4 12 1 1 1 12 a 3x2 − --.e. 0) ⎝ 3 27 ⎠ c Result given k 4k 3 2k 2k 3 d ⎛ ------.98 m/m3 ii 0. an average decrease of 2oC/hour over 2≤t≤6 b 0 6 a 133 i.x3 + c b --. 2) 9 a = 2 and b = −3 10 a 4x 3 − 12x 2 b −8 c (0.x2 − -----. –1) local min –2 b i (2. (3. 0) and f ′(3) = 1 8 a (2. an average rate of 133 L/min over 0 ≤ t ≤ 12 b 3t2 − 2t + 1 c 41 L/min 2 1 –2 –1 0 –1 1 2 3 5 x 4 (2.e.

2) local max 8 4 2 6 –3 –2 –1 0 –2 4 –4 2 –6 –3 –2 –1 0 –2 1 2 3 2 3 x (1. –98 ) local max –2 –1 –1 0 1 –2 –3 –4 –5 –6 –7 –8 –9 –10 656 2 2 a i (−1. −5) y 4 3 2 1 7 CHAPTER 12 6 –2 –1 –1 0 1 –2 –3 –4 –5 –6 –7 –8 5 4 3 2 1 –3 –2 –1 0 –1 9 ⎛7 ---. ––92) local min 9 ⎛5 ---.Answers c i ⎛1 ---. –16) local min–16 –20 –24 2 4 x . 0) and ( 2 3. 0 ) . 0⎞ and (2. −2) e i y 4 3 2 1 1 –8 4 x –4 –6 5 x 4 3 y 10 ⎛1 ---. 0) and (2. 16) local maximum ii x-intercepts at ( – 2 3. 0).. 0) and ( --. ---⎞ local maximum ⎝ 4 8⎠ ( 1 2 3 x 1 1 – . y-intercept at (0. –2) local min (−2. 0 ) . y-intercept ⎝2 ⎠ at (0. ---⎞ local maximum ⎝ 4 8⎠ 1 ii x-intercepts at ⎛ ---. 0) and ( 3. – 9 ---⎞ local minimum ⎝ 2 2⎠ ii x-intercepts at (−1. −2) local minimum ii x-intercepts at ( – 3. 0) and ⎛ ---. 0 ) –2 d i ( –74. (0. – – local min 4 8 ) 8 y 10 6 (–1. 2) local maximum and (1. – 1 ---⎞ local minimum ⎝ 4 8⎠ f 1 ii x-intercepts at (0. –98 ) local max 2 3 4 x y 24 20 16 12 8 (2. 0) 2 y 8 i 5 ii x-intercepts at (1. 0 ) b i ( –12. −4) ( –54. −16) local minimum and (2. (0. 0). y-intercept ⎝2 ⎠ at (0. 16) local max 4 –4 –2 0 –4 –8 –12 (–2. 0⎞ .

------⎞ local maximum and (1. 32) local maximum 657 . 27–4 ) local max –3 –2 –1 0 12 8 –2 0 –8 1 2 3 x (1. −4) local minimum ii x-intercepts at (−2. –4) local min –8 b i 32 ⎛–1 ---.Answers c i 4 ⎛1 ---. y-intercept at (0. 0) local min –1 2 2 4 (0. 0) and (1. –27–4 ) 2 x local min 2 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 –2 –4 –4 (0. ------⎞ local maximum and (1. 0) local ⎝ 3 27⎠ ii x-intercepts at (0. 0) local max 0 –2 –1 4 1 2 x (1. 0) and (1.0) y 40 minimum ii x-intercepts at (0. – ------⎞ local ⎝ 3 27⎠ minimum ii x-intercepts at (0. 0) local min ( –13. 32) local max 32 y 2 24 CHAPTER 16 1 (0. 0) (−2. 0) local min –3 –4 (0. 0) local maximum and (0.0) and (6. 0) and (1. 0) and (3. 0) and (1. −8) local minimum ii x-intercepts at (0. 0) local minimum and (4. 3227—) local max 1 2 1 2 3 4 x –4 –2 –1 0 –1 –6 –2 (2. 0) (4. –8) local min –10 i 2 minimum ii x-intercepts at (−1. 0) local ⎝ 3 27⎠ 6 y 4 4 3 2 (0. 0) local max 1 (–23 . 0). 1) 8 f 1 –6 e i –8 8 x 3 a i d i –2 6 –16 –2 (0. −4) y 8 y 4 6 4 2 (–2. 0). 0) y 10 x (0. y-intercept at (0. 0) local max –2 –1 0 –2 (––13. 0) local maximum and ⎛ ---. 0) local maximum and (2.

0) stationary point of inflection ii x-intercepts at (−4. 0) and (0. –4) local min –5 i 50 ⎛1 ---. 0). y-intercept at (0.Answers c i (2. 0). 4) local max 4 ( 2. 0) and (2. 0) (1. 1) SPOI 2 –1 0 –2 1 2 3 1 50 –. 4 ) local maximum ii x-intercepts at (−2. 0) local min –25 (–3. 0) local maximum ii x-intercepts at (0. 0) and (2. 0) y 4 3 2 1 (3. 0) local min . 0). 2) local max 2 local min 1 0 –1 1 3x 2 –4 (−3. 0) g i –6 –8 d i y 4 ⎛4 ---. 27–4 ) local max –10 –20 1 2 3 x (2. y-intercept at (0. −7) ii x-intercept at(2. — 3 27 ) –1 4 x (1. 2) local ⎝ 3 27⎠ maximum 658 2 x –15 e i f 1 y 6 (– 2. −4) local minimum and (3. 4) local max 2 –3 –2 –1 0 –2 –4 –6 –8 –10 1 2 3 x (0. 0). (0. 4 ) local maximum (0. 1) stationary point of inflection ii x-intercept at (1. ------⎞ local maximum and (2. ------⎞ local minimum and (1. 0) local minimum and ( 2. –27) local min –30 h i ( – 2. −27) local minimum and (0. 0) local max –1 0 1 2 3 4 x –1 –2 –3 –4 (1. −4) y 4 3 2 1 –3 –2 –1 0 –1 –2 –3 –4 –5 10 5 (0. 2) y y 8 4 6 3 4 CHAPTER 12 ( (2. 0) and (3. y-intercept at (0. 0) SPOI –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 –5 ( –43. 0) local ⎝ 3 27⎠ 15 minimum ii x-intercepts at (1.

(1. 0). (0. y-intercept at (0. –22) local min c minimum value is −22 and maximum value is 10 8 a (2. (1. y-intercept at (0. 10) local maximum and (3. 0). 0).18. –36) local min 6 a 3x2 + 6 b f ′(x) = 0 has no real solutions for x so f(x) has no stationary points 7 a (−1. −4) y 8 4 –1 0 –2 (1.69. 0).Answers 4 a f(x) = (x − 4)(x − 1)2 b (1. 0) and (2. 0) local max 1 –4 –6 2 3 5 x 4 5 a f(x) = (x + 2)(x − 1)(x − 6) b (−2. 12) 400 ⎛–2 ---. 400 15 27 10 5 –3 –2 –1 0 –5 –10 –15 –20 –25 –30 –35 –40 1 2 3 4 5 CHAPTER 1 2 3 4 x (4. 0) and (6. 4) y 10 8 6 4 (0. −12) y 20 — ) local max (– –23. 0) local min –2 –4 –6 –8 –10 1 2 3 x c x < −2 or x > 0 d {x: 0 < x < 2} 659 . y-intercept at (0. −4) c (1. (0.49. −22) local minimum –3 –2 –1 0 (–2. 3) –2 –1 0 –5 –10 –15 –20 –25 6 2 b x-intercept for −2 ≤ x ≤ 4 at (0. 0) local min and (0. –15) 12 (3. 0) correct to 2 decimal places. ---------⎞ local maximum and (4. (4. 15) (3. 0) and (4. −4) local minimum d x-intercepts at (1. 0) and (1. 10) local min 10 5 (–2. –5) local min –8 c minimum value is −5 and maximum value is 15 9 a (−2. 0). y-intercept at (0. 0). –4) local min –8 c y 15 (–1. 0). 0). y-intercept at (0. 0). 0) correct to 2 decimal places. 15) 14 12 10 8 (3. −36) local ⎝ 3 27 ⎠ minimum d x-intercepts at (−2. −5) local minimum b x-intercepts for 0 ≤ x ≤ 3 at (1. 0) local maximum and (3. 4) local max 2 (4. 4) local max b x-intercepts at (−2. (6. 5) 6 7 x y 16 (0. 6) 6 4 2 0 1 2 3 x –2 –4 –6 (2.

79.12. (0. 2 −3 −6 b b = 3 and c = −1 c (−2.19. 3) local maximum and (0. 33) local maximum and (1.93.06) local maximum and (1. 0) local min 2 x –2 (–1. −1) local minimum a b = 3.12. 33) local max 36 30 18 –6 –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 –6 (0. −2. c = −9 and d = 6 b (−3. 1) local min 1 2 3 x –12 19 a b = −4 and c = −4 2 167 b (−2. 0) and (0. 2532.29.51.06) local max 6 4 2 –3 –2 –1 0 –2 –3 1 2 3 4 x –4 1 --. 0) (−1. 0). 0) and (1. 0) local ⎝ 3 27⎠ minimum b intercepts at (0.< x < 1 3 1 d x < --.15) local maximum and (0. 0.26.07) local max –1 0 1 2 x –1 (1. 0) (0.14.15) local max 24 (1.07) local maximum and (1. −1. 0). y-intercept at (0. 1627—) local max1 –2 –1 0 –1 1 (1. ---------⎞ local ⎝ 3 27 ⎠ maximum c b2 + 3c ≥ 0 1 20 a f(x) = (x + 2)(x − 3)2 b k = --3 660 y 1 2000 12 6 b x-intercepts are (0.79.07.10) local min c x-intercepts are (−25. 6) y (–3. 0) and (2.14.10) local minimum (–16. 2532. 0) (−16.58.67) local minimum y 2500 1500 (1. (0. –2. ---------------------⎞ ⎝ 2a 4a ⎠ –6 c 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 –8 –10 b i a>0 ii a < 0 c Hint: Find the minimum of f(x) Answers may vary. 0. 0) and (1. 1) local minimum c x-intercept at (−5.21) local min 1000 500 –28 –24 –20 –16 –12 –8 –4 0 4 8 x –500 (0. ------⎞ local maximum and (1. 0).92.21) local minimum y 10 y 3 CHAPTER 12 8 2 (–13.or x > 1 3 – b 4ac – b 2 11 a ⎛ ------.71.09. 0) 21 a x-intercepts are (−2. 5. −7. 5. –1. 5) local minimum and ⎛ – ---.67) local min .16. (−0.26. 0).19.Answers 10 a 16 ⎛1 ---.03.92. Answers may vary. –7.

exercise 12.3
1 x = 30 and y = 30; maximum product is 900.
2 x = 18 and y = 18; minimum sum of the squares
is 648
3 a y = 32 − x
b Result given
c 0 < x < 32
d x = 16
e Amax is 256 m2 for a 16 m by 16 m square
9
4 a A(x) = 6x − 2x2
b --- m2
2
5 Amax is 5000 m2
5
6 a Result given b Result given c r = --π
25
d ------ square metres

e x = 0 and so semicircular cross-section
5
7 a y = 15 − --- x
b Result given
2
c 3
d 90 m2; dimensions are 12 m by 7.5 m
8 a I = x(50 − 0.01x)
b Result given
c 1500
9 a C(x) = 8x + 10 000
b Result given
c Result given
d 0 ≤ x ≤ 10 000
e 6000 CDs
f \$14
81
27
2
10 a i ------ cm
ii ------ cm2
64
8
b 8 cm is horizontal length and 4 cm is maximum
wave height
11 a h = 9 − 2x
b Result given
c 3
d Vmax is 27 m3
e A cube of edge length 3 metres
12 6 m by 6 m by 7 m
13 Minimum sum of their cubes is 250
14 a Result given

π x2
b A = − --------- − 2x2 + 10x
2
c Result given
d x = 1.08 and h = 2.22
x
15 a r = -----2π
b Result given
c 20 − x
d Result given
20 – x 2
x2
e A = ------ + ⎛ ---------------⎞
⎝ 4 ⎠

f

x
( 20 – x )
------ − -------------------2π
8

20 π
100 π
g x = ------------ , circular piece of area -------------------- and
4+π
( 4 + π )2
400
square piece of area -------------------( 4 + π )2
The maximum area is achieved when all the
wire is used to make a circle.

h
16 a x = --2
h2
a 2 – ----4
c Result given
b r=

2 3a
d -------------3
4 3 π a3
e -------------------9
17 a i 0.4πr2
ii 0.2πrh
b Result given
c Result given
d base radius 3.64 cm and height 14.57 cm
18 a Result given
30 000
b 12 − ---------------x2
c x = 50. Minimum cost is \$1200. 50 m length
fences in north-south direction and 200 m
length fences in east-west direction.

CHAPTER

12

exercise 12.4
1 a i 6 m to the right of O
ii t = 2, 3
b i 2t − 5
ii −5 m/s
5
1
iii --- s
iv --- m to the left of O
2
4
1
c 6 --- m
2
d Particle starts 6 m to the right of O and travels
in the negative x direction with an initial speed
of 5 m/s. At t = 2, the particle is at O travelling
5
at 1 m/s in the negative x direction. At t = --- ,
2
1
the particle is instantaneously at rest --- m to
4
the left of O. At t = 3, the particle is at O
travelling at 1 m/s in the positive x direction.
2 a i 8 m to the right of O
ii t = 4
b i 2 − 2t − h
ii 2 − 2t
iii 2 m/s
iv t = 1
v 9 m to the right of O
c Particle starts travelling in the positive x
direction at 2 m/s. The particle travels in this
direction until it comes instantaneously at rest
at t = 1. For 1 < t ≤ 5, the particle travels in the
negative x direction. At t = 5, the particle travels
at 8 m/s in the negative x direction.
3 a 15 m to the right of O
b i −8 m/s
ii At t = 3; −2 m/s
iii At t = 5; 2 m/s
iv At t = 4; particle is 1 m to the left of O.

661

CHAPTER

c
d
4 a
b
c
d
5 a

12

b

c

d

6 a
c
d

e
7 a
b
c
8 a
b
c

d

662

17 m
Particle is 8 m to the right of O.
−7 m/s
3.5 s
6s
14.5 m
i 1 m/s and 11 m/s
ii maximum velocity is 11 m/s at t = 5 and
minimum velocity is 1 m/s at t = 0
iii x = t2 + t
iv 30 m to the right of O
v 30 m
i 10 m/s and −10 m/s
ii maximum velocity is 10 m/s at t = 0 and
minimum velocity is −10 m/s at t = 5
iii x = 10t − 2t2
iv At O
v 25 m
i 4 m/s and 9 m/s
ii maximum velocity is 9 m/s at t = 5 and
minimum velocity is 0 m/s at t = 2
1
iii x = --- t3 − 2t2 + 4t
3
2
iv 11 --- m to the right of O
3
2
v 11 --- m
3
i 0 m/s and −10 m/s
ii maximum velocity is 8 m/s at t = 2 and
minimum velocity is −10 m/s at t = 5
2
iii x = 4t2 − --- t3
3
2
iv 16 --- m to the right of O
3
v 26 m
2
x = −3t2 + 4t + 15 b t = --3
1
16 --- m to the right of O
3
At t = 0, the particle is 15 m to the right of O.
It travels with an initial velocity of 4 m/s.
2
At t = --- , the particle is instantaneously at rest.
3
The particle changes direction to now move in
the negative x direction until t = 4 when it is
17 m to the left of O.
2
34 --- m
3
−12 m/s ie 12 m/s in the negative x direction
ii 6 m/s2
i x = 2t3 + 3t2 − 12t + 2
ii 7 m
18 m
8s
320 m
i h′(t) = 80 − 10t
ii 80 m/s
iii 4 s
140 m

9 a 30 m above ground level
b 2.5 s
1
c Greatest height is 61 --- m
4
d 35 m/s downwards i.e. −35 m/s
1
10 a t = --- , 2
2
5
b t = --4
1
c First time (t = --- ): 2 m/s to the left and 1 m/s to
2
the right
Second time (t = 2): 1 m/s to the right and
2 m/s to the left

Revision questions
1 a 3
b −1
2 a 75.40
b 100.53
3 a 4520 L
b 20 L
c 225 L/min
d 200 L/min
4 Minimum = −2; maximum = 7
5 Both numbers are 16; maximum product 256
6 Local maximum at (1, 2)

y
2

(1, 2) local max

1

–1 –0.5 0

0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 x

–1
8
y

(–43 , 3227— ) local max
1
0.5

–1

–0.5

0

0.5
1
(0, 0) local min

1.5

2

–0.5
−0.004x + 20
5000 items; max profit = \$35 000
6(x + 1)(x − 2)
Local maximum at (−1, 0); local mininum at
(2, −27)
11 a 3x2 − 6x + 6
b Derivative is a quadratic function with no real
roots
9 a
b
10 a
b

x

12 a x(0) = −4, so 4 m to the left of 0
b 9 m/s
c t = 1,3

6
7
8
9
10
11
12

Extended response
1 a

C

500
400
200
100
1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9 10 t

Yes (C ′(t) > 0 for 0 ≤ t ≤ 10)
i 10
ii 75
37.5, i.e. the population is increasing at 37.5
toads per year at the start of 2005
2 a 1 metre
4
8
b i − --- t + --ii 6 pm
9
3
b
c
d
e

c
e
3 a
c

8
--- m/h
d
9
1:30 pm
f
Result given
b
50
100
-----------d -----------π+4
π+4

4
--- m/h
3
7:08 pm
100 − (π + 4)x
5000
e -----------π+4

exercise 13.1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
c
11 a
12 a

23
b 20
41
b i 25
ii 32
8
b 6
21
b i 420 ii 21
20
b 19
24
b 504
19
b 21
14
b 20
288
b 48
25
b 5
i 2520 ii 720
iii 540
10
b 20
18
b 8
c 360
d

iii 19
c 48
iii 441
c 45
c 12
c 16

iv 90
c 62
45
e 80

exercise 13.2
1 a
d
g
2 a
d
3 a
b

b 336
b
b
b
b

12
1885
1680
720

c 60

c 120

exercise 13.3

300

0

120
a 40 320
9900
a 24
a 1716
a 40 320
a 5040

720
b 40 320
c 12
42
e 720
f 10 100
720
h 360
i 9900
180
b 144
c −114
0
e −1000
f 360
i 6
ii 6
They are equal—only one way to place third
object.
4 a 24
b 6
5 a 5040
b 210

1 a
d
2 a
d
3 1,
4 a
5 a
d
6 a

1
b 1
9
e 12
21
b 56
56
e 55
8, 28, 56, 70, 56, 28, 8, 1
3
b 6
c 10
126
b 210
462
e 252
20C

12

100⎞
d ⎛
⎝ 56 ⎠
7
9
10
11
12
13

1140
a 28
a 792
a 1140
a 2380
a 28

c
f
c
f

6
15
21
105

d 15
c 792
f 6435

b

18C

7

c

⎛ 52⎞
⎝ 31⎠

e

62C

11

f

⎛ 203⎞
⎝ 105⎠

b
b
b
b 270
b 15

8 8 145
120
21
i 455
c 630
c 78
d

060
c 276
ii 91
d 315
45
e 66

exercise 13.4
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

a
a
a
a
42
a
b
a
b
a
a
d
a
a
a
d

CHAPTER

13

b
b
b
b

13 860
630
35
90

c 50

i 66
ii
i 276
ii
i 360 360
ii
i 3003
ii
1820
b
66
b
720
969
b
120
b 72
140
b
i 135 ii 546

132
552
24 024
1001
495
45

c 63 063 000
c 7 484 400

330
780
28
100

6840
c 342
c 48
d 24
560
c 189
e i 27
ii 104

exercise 13.5
1 a
2 a
3 a
4 a
5 a

4
-----15
1
--3
1
-----35
1
-----56
2
--3

4
b --9
1
b --6
1
b --------210
1
b -----------6720
5
b --8

663

4 452 535.884 ≈ 53 847.4 ≈ 50 849.24% d 19.116 847 b Answers stabilise.72 ≈ 536 iv 539.6 ≈ 94 26.284 ≈ 539 464.28 464 460.5 5569. --------6 6 6 6 1 3 a 5 b -----12 9 4 a −3 b --c 5 2 5 a 2x b 1−x c 3x − 1 6 a i 50 ii 1600 b 24 min .6 ≈ 548 452.6 CHAPTER 7 a 120 8 a 5040 1 9 a -----------5040 10 a 18 1 11 a --------120 12 a 144 1 13 a --------455 c 210 38 -----87 c 48 c 0 –1 π – 4 π – 2 t –2 –3 c i 0.44 847 iv 52.s 2 x 3 2 1 iii 1 2 3 4 b c 30 Extended response 1 a i 50. iii 4 a i 508 492 ii 52.76 b i 0. -----b ------. 5 a 26% b 23.9326 ≈ 53 847.72 Revision questions Short answer a a a a 16 13 6 210 1 5 a -----30 6 a 720 664 b b b b 11 40 36 163 1 b --2 b 120 c 12 1 -----12 c 1575 12 c -----65 c 93.825 5920.18 s d 3 cm below equilibrium.2% c 21.868% 6 a i 0.79 s 5 π 11 π π 5π 2 a ---.Answers 6 a 7 a 1 -----56 1 -----24 1 b --------336 1 b --6 64 ii --------125 c 1 12 8 a i --------iii -----125 25 1 b --------120 1 1 9 a i --------ii --b 220 6 1 1 10 a -----b -----20 40 1 1 11 a --------b -----210 35 1 1 28 12 a ----------------.39 s ii 1.6 850 b 40 b 360 1 b --------120 b 12 1 b -----60 b 2520 2 b --------455 96 24 14 a exercise 13.b i -----ii -----32 760 39 65 1 1 13 a ----------------b -----------c 54 145 4165 1 1 2 14 a -----b -----------c --------20 1938 969 1 1 15 a -----------------------b -------------------c 8 145 060 814 506 1 1 16 a ----------------b --c 40 320 2 1 1 d --------e -----420 15 1 -----56 1 -----24 1 iii -----24 33 ----------------16 660 1001 d -----------4845 1001 -----------------------1 629 012 1 -----28 14 1 a 4170 5030 2 a 10 250 28 750 b 3630.6 ii 0.0674 847 ii 547.716 461 b Answers oscillate and stabilise.8 ii 0.5 b 11 600 24 700 c 3279. 0.175 c 11 330 27 670 3 a i 52.4 26 1 a i 17 576 000 ii 8 112 000 b i 67 600 ii 3750 1 1 c i -----------ii --------2600 260 d 36 e 18 720 33 33 1 2 a ---------------b ----------------c ----------------66 640 16 660 54 145 1 1 d -----------e -------------------4165 649 740 3 a 816 b 180 c 6 270 566 400 d i 13 366 080 15 e -----68 ii 1 555 200 180 -----------1547 f chapters 9–13 revision questions b ii 3 cm π --.56 ≈ 53 847.

s 360 0.35 million 2012 7. 3) b −2x + 2 c i −4 ii 6 d (−1.5 m d 11. 2 m to the left of O 65 b 0.2 0. (3. -----4 4 4 solutions.03 t d 25 a b c 26 a c d f 27 a c d iii 0 3π 7π ------. 7] b 3 665 .45 cm/day 17 a 1100 m2/min b A = 500t + 10t 2 2 c 2400 m d 50 s 1 1 18 a -------------------------------------------b ------------------(x + 1)(x + 1 + h) ( x + 1 )2 1 c --9 19 8 20 a 120 b 35 c 154 d 360 17 21 a 84 b -----c 70 42 22 a 0.02 0.25 cm/day c 10 days d 1.08x.1 0.Answers c d 2 h 39 min N 24 a i 1 1000 500 50 0 1 2 t 7 a −2 + h b −2 8 a (−1.0285 c 18.22 million ii 8. 0). 4) 4 2 0 2 t 4 –2 –4 –6 b d 29 a d 30 a c −6 m/s c 3s x = t 2 − 6t + 7. 0). -----3 3 5 a i 2 6 a −3x 2 + 4x + 5 7 −2x3 + 2x 2 − 1 b xy2 b 36 ii 2π -----3 b [3.3 b 10−7 concentration < 10−7 alkaline e 2. −5) b (−1. b = − 4 11 a (−2.01 0. 1.697 N = 2 × 1.3% b 3. −3 1500 3 −1 ii c CHAPTER 14 y 2 –1 0 1 3 x 2 –2 e point of inflection 28 a v (5.5 m b 0. (0.0 min it cools to 20 °C 0.4 − 0.0 100 times more concentrated 2b + c = −3 b y = x3 − 3x 2 + 3x y = (x − 1)3 + 1 b 1.75) 12 a x3 − 2x 2 + 5x + c b x3 − x4 + c c x3 − x 2 − x + c 3 13 y = --.5.1 amp c 1 -----. 0) 9 a 2x − 3 b − 6x 2 + 2x + 2 3 c − ----.9 0.x 2 − x − 3 2 14 a 7 m/s b i 3 m/s ii 11 m/s 15 a 80 m b 4s c −20 m/s d −20 m/s e 20 m/s 16 a 17. x = 5 1.s 60 10 0 –10 1 e --------.1t i 3.1 m Examination-style technology-free questions 1 a −3 2 2 --5 3 a 2 log 2 6 2π 4π 4 ------. − 4.8 b i 69% 23 a 10 amp d y ii 68.4 cm b 1.− 2 x2 10 a 2ax + b b a + b = −2 c 2a + b = 0 d a = 2.

045 h/day f 19 February intercepts: (−1.6% y = 0. (5. (0. 0). 0).4 × 0. −5) intercepts: (−1. turning points: (0.45 ii 0. (7. 1 a 0. 5) d y 4 –4 –2 0 2 4 6 8 x –4 –8 intercepts: (−1. 2. −2.025t (i. 5.2). c = 2 π π b i --ii --6 4 a 2x + b b b=2 c c=3 a 5 m to right of O. (2.3.e. (7. 0).5 h 12. 2. 0).1). turning points: (0. (0. 15 m to left of O a a = 0. (2. 0). (5. −2). turning points: (−1. 0). t = 2 v 12 8 4 y 4 0 2 4 t –4 –4 –2 0 2 4 6 8 –8 x –12 (5.. 0).025) approx. 0).944). (5. 4. −10) 3 a v(0) = 0 c t=4 e b to the right d 12 m/s.75 h b 9.7. –15) –4 –8 intercepts: (−3. m = 0. 4). 0).465 Examination-style technologyactive questions 1 a c e 2 a b 14.Answers y 8 c y = 2 tan x y 4 6 4 y = tan 2x 2 0 CHAPTER 14 –2 π π – 2 –4 –2 0 x 2 4 6 8 x –4 –4 –8 –6 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 3π π π a x = --b x = --. (0.125 h d −0. 4 m to left of O b 6t 2 − 6t − 12 c −12 m/s d at rest when t = 2. b = 2.4 b i 0.3.3. 0).1 g ii 0.944t (i. turning points: (0.216 b 0.1). 0). (5. (2.432 3 5 3 a -----b -----c -----11 11 11 a a = 3. −5) 666 f h 4 a d 5 a d e f x = 6t 2 − t 3 − 10 g 22 m to the right 39 m 15 504 b 455 c 2520 288 e 308 0. x = -----2 4 4 a y = 3 − 2 sin x b 5.7. 0). (7.4 × 10− 0.1).4 b i 0.029 h/day −0. 40 h .648 c 0. 2). b = 0.025 g y = 0. b = 0. (3. (0.e.