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National Science Foundation

The Division of
Electrical, Communications and Cyber Systems

2007 Divisional Plan

Advisory Committee Meeting
Directorate for Engineering

April 19, 2007

Dr. Usha Varshney
Division Director

z Address fundamental research issues underlying component
and device technologies, power, controls, computation,
networks, communications and cyber technologies

z Support integration and networking of intelligent systems
principles at the nano, micro, macro scales for a variety of
application domains

z Ensure education of a diverse workforce prepared to
continue rapid development of emerging technologies as
drivers of the global economy


ECCS envisions a research community…

- that will address major technological challenges for next
generation devices, systems and networks due to the
convergence of technologies and increased emphasis
on interdisciplinary research

- that will prepare a future workforce to meet the emerging
technological challenges of the 21st Century


ECCS Discovery Learning Research Stewardship
Š Invest in transformative research
Š Promote innovative, high-risk, high-payoff
ideas at the forefront of technologies
Š Foster cooperative activities among
academia, industry and national laboratories
Š Promote outreach to universities, industries,
nonprofit organizations and professional
Š Increase partnerships within NSF and with
other Federal agencies
Š Enhance diversity within ECCS staff,
researchers and reviewers
Š Enable professional development of ECCS
Š Improve organizational excellence
Š Mentoring of new Program Directors

Electronics, Photonics and Power, Controls and
Device Technologies Adaptive Networks
9Bioelectronics 9 Adaptive Dynamic Programming
9Electromagnetics 9 Alternate Energy Sources
9Flexible Electronics 9 Embedded, Distributed and Adaptive
9MEMS/NEMS Control
9Micro/Nanoelectronics 9 Neuromorphic Engineering
9Micro/Nanomagnetics 9 Power and Energy Systems &
9Microwave Photonics Integrative, Hybrid and Networks
9Molecular Electronics Complex Systems 9 Quantum and Molecular Modeling &
9Nanophotonics Simulation of Devices and Systems
9Optoelectronics IHCS 9 Sensing and Imaging Networks
9Power Electronics 9 Telerobotics
9Sensors and Actuators Nanosystems, Microsystems, Macrosystems
9Spin Electronics 9Cyber Systems
¾Signal Processing
9Nano and Microsystems
9RF and Optical Wireless and Hybrid Communications Systems
¾Inter and Intra-chip Communications
¾Mixed Signals 5
Program Directors

Division Director Senior Engineering Advisor
Lawrence Goldberg
Usha Varshney NNIN; ENG-MRI; STC

Electronics, Photonics and Power, Controls and Integrative, Hybrid and
Device Technologies Adaptive Networks Complex Systems

Optoelectronics; Nanophotonics; Embedded, Distributed and Adaptive RF and Optical Wireless and
Ultrafast and Extreme Ultra-Violet Control; Sensing and Imaging Hybrid Communications
Rongqing Hui Networks; Systems Theory; Systems; Inter and Intra-chip
Telerobotics Communications ; Mixed Signals
Radhakisan Baheti Leda Lunardi
Micro/Nanoelectronics; Power and Energy Systems and
Bioelectronics; NEMS/MEMS; Networks; Interdependencies of Power Cyber Systms; Signal
Sensors and Energy on Critical Infrastructures; Processing
Rajinder Khosla Power Drives; Renewable and Scott Midkiff
Alternative Energy Sources
Dagmar Niebur
Micro/Nanoelectronics; Molecular Micro and Nano Systems;
Electronics; Spin Electronics; Adaptive Dynamic Programming; System-on-a-chip;
Organic Electronics; Neuromorphic Engineering; Quantum System-in-a-Package;
Micromagnetics; Power Electronics and Molecular Modeling and Diagnostic and Implantable
Olufemi Olowolafe Simulations of Devices and Systems Systems
Paul Werbos Yogesh Gianchandani
Program Restructuring

• Integrative, Hybrid and Complex Systems (IHCS)
¾ Micro & Nano Systems

¾ Communications Systems

¾ Cyber Systems

• Power, Controls and Adaptive Networks (PCAN)

¾ Renaming of Program

• Electronics, Photonics and Device Technologies (EPDT)
¾ Planned Program Director position
Cyber-enabled Discovery and

z Integrate physical devices with distributed sensing and
actuation, communications, storage, computation and control of
complex systems
» Integrated hybrid optical and electronic systems for high-
performance computation and communications
» Distributed sensing and actuation for telemedicine

z Focus on design, integration and implementation of complex
multi-scale and multi-level systems
» Ambient intelligence for homes and workplaces of the future

z Enable visualization, analysis and reconfiguration for reliable
and agile infrastructures for domain-specific applications
» Robust electric power grids integrating power,
communication and self-organizing networks
» Globally interactive environment for engineering education
Trustworthy Cyber Infrastructure for the
Power Grid
Goal: To protect the electric power grid and related cyber-infrastructure
systems from the risk of cyber attacks by developing
ƒSecure and Reliable Computing Base
ƒTrustworthy Communications & Control
ƒQuantitative and Qualitative Evaluation
ƒRelated Educational Systems
Developed simulations/physical test bed for:
9Evaluating and validating next-generation
Access Control
power grid designs
Dedicated Firewalls Complete report of 9Representing cyber-enabled power system
SeLinux TE and constraint violation
Cisco PIX
RBAC rules for power flow, and market levels
Unified XML Consistency
9Predicting impact of cyber attacks on power
Iptables Rule
Dynamic event
Formal access
XML report of new Developed an attested meter for:

Global Policy 9Solving security problems using trusted
Secure collection computing and virtualization technologies
Offline analysis

Online change
monitoring & analysis CNS-0524695, Sanders (CISE, ENG, DOE, DHS)

University of Illinois • Dartmouth College • Cornell University • Washington State University 9
American Competitiveness Initiative

z The centerpiece of American Competitiveness
Initiative (ACI) is the doubling of federal
investment over the next 10 years (2007-2016)
in key agencies that support basic research in
physical sciences and engineering

z Three Federal Agencies: NSF, DOE Office of
Science, and NIST will be impacted

z ACI includes three broad components:
» Research in physical sciences and engineering
includes 12 specific goals, 7 of which relate to NSF
» Research and Development tax incentives
» Education and workforce

ECCS Thrust Areas Support ACI Goals

Nanofabrication and
nanomanufacturing– transforming 9 Bioelectronics • Alternate Energy Sources in the
discovery into industrial applications 9 Electromagnetics National Grid (InterGrid)
9 Organic Electronics E • Flexible Electronics
9 MEMS/NEMS M • Hybrid Communications Systems
High-end computing coupled with 9 Micro/Nanoelectronics E • Interdependencies of Critical
networking to advance modeling and E 9 Micro/Nanomagnetics Infrastructure in Power and
simulation at unprecedented scales 9 Microwave Photonics Communications
A D 9 Molecular Electronics G • Neuromorphic Engineering
C Quantum information processing for T 9 Nanophotonics I • Quantum and Molecular Modeling and
9 Optoelectronics N Simulation of Devices and Systems
I secure communications, and
9 Power Electronics • Very Large-scale Photonic Integration
quantum mechanics simulations
9 Sensors and Actuators
G • Wearable and Implantable Devices and
G 9 Spin Electronics Systems
O Efficient and economic use of
hydrogen, nuclear, and solar energy 9 Adaptive Dynamic Programming
A through basic research 9 Alternate Energy Sources
L P 9 Embedded, Distributed and Adaptive Control
S C 9 Neuromorphic Engineering
Addressing gaps and needs in cyber
9 Power and Energy Systems & Networks
security and information assurance to A 9 Quantum and Molecular Modeling & Simulation of
protect IT dependent economy N Devices and Systems
9 Sensing and Imaging Networks
Sensor and detection capabilities 9 Telerobotics
resulting in world-leading automation
and control technologies I 9 Cyber Systems
H 9 Signal Processing
Advances in improving structural C 9 Nano and Microsystems
performances during natural 9 Communications Systems
ENG Research and Education Themes
z Complex Engineered and Natural Systems
» Cyber Systems
» Hybrid Communications Systems
» Interdependencies of Critical Infrastructure in Power and Communications
z Energy and the Environment
» Alternate Energy Sources and Integration in the National Grid (InterGrid)
» Power & Energy Devices, Components, Systems and Networks
» Sensors and Sensor Networks
z Innovation
» Core Programs: EPDT, IHCS, PCAN
z Manufacturing Frontiers
» Adaptive Dynamic Programming
» Embedded, Distributed and Adaptive Control
» Signal Processing
» Telerobotics
z Nanotechnology
» Nanoelectronics, Nanophotonics and Nanomagnetics Devices and Systems;
Beyond CMOS; Nanomanufacturing; Environmental, Health and Safety
» Quantum and Molecular Modeling & Simulation of Devices and Systems
With emphasis on integration of research and education for the development of
future workforce
ECCS Investments

NSF Priority Areas
¾ Nanoscale Science and Engineering NSF Programs
¾ Biocomplexity in the Environment ¾ CAREER: Faculty Early Career Development
¾ Human and Social Dynamics ¾ PECASE: Presidential Early Career Award
¾ Mathematical Sciences ¾ SGER: Small Grants for Exploratory Research
¾ Sensors and Related Research ¾ RET: Research Experiences for Teachers
¾ REU: Research Experiences for Undergraduates
ENG Initiatives & Supplements
Collaborative Programs ¾ ADVANCE: Increasing the Participation and
¾ CLEANER/WATERS Advancement of Women in Academic Science and
¾ Cyberinfrastructure Engineering Careers
¾ Emerging Frontiers in Research ¾ MRI: Major Research Instrumentation
and Innovation (EFRI) ¾ GOALI: Grant Opportunities for Academic
¾ Active Nanostructures and Liaison with Industry
Nanosystems (ANN)
ECCS Core & Collaborative Programs
and Initiatives
¾ Leveraging Technological Innovations for Cyber
¾ Wearable and Implantable Devices and Systems
¾ Alternate Energy Sources and Integration in the
National Grid

z ECCS/ENG and CNN/CISE Cyber-Physical Systems Workshop, NSF, VA,
September 21, 2006

z Wearable and Implantable Devices and Systems for Health Monitoring &
Diagnostics (USDA, FDA, NIBIB/NIH), NSF, VA, November 13, 2006

z NSF/IEEE Workshop for Middle and High School Students and Teachers in Cross-
Boundary Nature of Decision &Controls, San Diego, CA, December 13, 2006

z Large-Scale Photonic Integration, NSF, VA, March 19-20, 2007

z Quantum, Molecular and High Performance Modeling and Simulation for Systems
and Devices, NSF, VA, April 16-17, 2007
z 2007 ECCS Grantees Workshop to Broaden Participation, U. of Nevada, Reno,
April 30- May 2, 2007
z Engineering of Cyber- Physical Systems Roundtable, NSF, VA, May 17, 2007

z Adaptable Multi-scale Engineered Systems for Biomedical Applications, NSF, VA,
July 19-20, 2007

z Challenges of Spin Electronics Integrated Systems, NSF, VA, August 9-10, 2007

z World Technology Center Study in Flexible Electronics, 2007- 2009
Graduate Research Supplements

z NSF- SIA Supplements to NSF Centers in Nanoelectronics for Graduate
Students and Postdoctoral Fellows
» Explore new concepts beyond the scaling limit of CMOS technology
» Enhance industry linkages with active NSF centers involved in long-term nanoelectronics
» Develop future cadres of industry and faculty researchers to help drive the field
– Average award size $300-500K for a duration of 3 years
– FY 2006, Six awards to NCN, NSECs, MRSECs at: Purdue U., U. Virginia, Columbia U.,
UCSB, Harvard U., U. Oklahoma
– FY 2007, Six awards (in process)
Supplement Submission Deadline: November 15, 2006 (NSF 06-051)
z Graduate Research Supplements (GRS) to Current ENG Awards to Broaden
» To increase numbers in academic/professional careers
» Supplements to existing ENG grants
» Ph.D. Students Majoring in Engineering Disciplines
– Graduate student stipend and tuition consistent with university practices
– 25% Administrative Cost
– 12 months, renewable for two additional years during the grant period
– Nontransferable
– US Citizens or Nationals or Permanent Residents
– FY 2005 – 5 Supplements - 4 females (1 African American female) and 1 Hispanic male
– FY 2006 – 13 Supplements - 8 females, 3 African American males, 2 Hispanic males and
1 Hispanic female
Supplement Submission Deadline: May 15, 2007 (NSF 07-023)
National Nanotechnology
Infrastructure Network (NNIN)

100 nm thick shaft

1 µ m t hick
mass loading

Single Electron Spin Detection using Magnetic Resonance
Force Microscopy, Rugar et al., Nature 430, July (2004)
Cornell U.
Stanford U.
UW Cornell Harvard U. of Michigan
Minnesota Georgia Institute of
Michigan Howard U. of Washington
Stanford PSU
Pennsylvania State U.
UNM U. of California-
Santa Barbara
Georgia U. of Minnesota
UT-Austin U. of New Mexico
U. of Texas –Austin
Harvard U.
Howard U.
North Carolina State U.
An integrated national network of user facilities
providing researchers open access to resources, instrumentation and
expertise in all domains of nanoscale science, engineering and technology 16
Budget Profile

Total Dollars Com m itted Funds
Discretionary Funds % Discretionary

$90 50%

$80 45%
Committed/Discretionary Funds


% Discretionary


$10 5%

$0 0%
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

Unsolicited Proposals

z Submission Windows
» September 7 - October 7
» January 7 - February 7

z Award Size
» $270-300K for three years
» Limited number of group proposals

z Reviewers
» Encourages reviewers from university, industry
and government

Funding Rates for Research Grants


1,400 35% Funding Rates

1,200 30%

1,000 25%

% Funding Rates

800 20%

600 15%

400 10%

200 5%

0 0%
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

ECCS Investment by Academic Department

* Percentage of ECCS FY 2006 investment in Research Grants
by Academic Department of Principal Investigator
Emerging Technologies

9 Cyber Systems
9 Alternate Energy Sources and Integration in the National Grid
9 Diagnostic, Wearable and Implantable Devices and Systems
9 Flexible Electronics
9 Neuromorphic Engineering
9 Interdependencies of Critical Infrastructures in Power and
9 Quantum and Molecular Modeling and Simulation of Devices
and Systems
9 Very Large-scale Photonic Integration

z Redress the imbalance between committed and discretionary

z Maintain the overall productivity and efficiency of the Division by
continued improvement in protocols for streamlining Division

z Improve evaluation, acquisition and dissemination of quality
Division Highlights through organization of Grantees Workshops

z Provide visibility to focused research areas within the research
community, consistent with research priorities of ENG, NSF and

z Strategize future funding for small group proposals in the

Thank you

Division of
Electrical, Communications and Cyber Systems (ECCS)
Directorate for Engineering
National Science Foundation
4201 Wilson Boulevard
Arlington, Virginia 22230