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Civil, Mechanical and Manufacturing Innovation

An Overview

Adnan Akay
CMMI Division Director
Engineering Advisory Committee Meeting
CMMI Research Focus and ACI

Cross-cutting frontier research in:

„ Manufacturing and Service Enterprises

„ Resilient and Sustainable Infrastructure

Investment in engineering education
„ Graduate education
„ Research/activities that engage engineering students
„ Lead to new engineering pedagogy

ENG AdCom 19 April 2007
CMMI Research Focus & ACI
Contribution to US GDP
Manufacturing & Service Enterprises
Other,
Transportation and 1+%
Utilities, 10% Manufacturing,
22%
Wholesale
trade, 11%
Software, 6%
Services 14%

Finance, Real
Estate, and
Source: National Association of Manufacturers, Insurance, 22%
U.S. Department of Commerce
Retail, 14%
ENG AdCom 19 April 2007
Research Trends in Manufacturing

„ Nanomanufacturing
„ Emphasis on 3-D systems
up-scaling integration
across dimensional scales

„ Manufacturing
Miniaturization Trends
„ Composites, Coatings,
Biomaterials
„ Sensors, Actuators,
Controls
„ Manufacturing
Technologies for Energy

ENG AdCom 19 April 2007
Critical Infrastructures

Potable
Potable&&
Transportation
Transportation Waste
WasteWater
Water
Banking
Banking& &
Telecom
Telecom-- Insurance
Insurance
munications
munications

Electricity
Electricity Government
Government

Buildings Emergency
Emergency
Buildings
Oil Response
Response
Oil&&Gas
Gas
ENG AdCom 19 April 2007
Resilient and Sustainable Infrastructure

Challenge: Minimize cascading effects multiple-impact
catastrophic natural, technological, and human-induced
disasters

„ Understanding the natural processes that produce hazards;
„ Developing hazard mitigation strategies and technologies;
„ Recognizing and reducing vulnerability of interdependent critical
infrastructures;
„ Assessing disaster resilience using innovative methods;
„ Identifying effective design of CI operations in dynamic, uncertain
and adversarial environments
„ Providing hazard and disaster information where and when needed;

ENG AdCom 19 April 2007
CMMI Division
Division Director
Director
Administrative
Administrative &
& Budget
Budget Engineering
Engineering Advisor
Advisor

Science
Science Assistant
Assistant Deputy
Deputy Division
Division Director
Director

Engineering
Engineering Innovation
Innovation Sciences
Sciences &
& Materials
Materials Transformation
Transformation
Infrastructure
Infrastructure Systems
Systems Decision
Decision Engr.
Engr. &
& Mechanics
Mechanics

Inform.
Inform. Tech
Tech &
& Infra
Infra Sys.
Sys. Control
Control Systems
Systems GeoMech.
GeoMech. &
& GeoTech.
GeoTech. Sys.
Sys.

GeoEnv.
GeoEnv. &
& GeoHaz.
GeoHaz. Mitigation
Mitigation Dynamic
Dynamic Systems
Systems Infra.
Infra. Mat’l
Mat’l &
& Struct
Struct Mech.
Mech.

Mfg.
Mfg. Machines
Machines &
& Equipment
Equipment Engineering
Engineering Design
Design Mat’l
Mat’l Design
Design &
& Surface
Surface
Engr.
Engr.
Struct.
Struct. Sys.
Sys. &
& Haz.
Haz. Mitign
Mitign of
of Mfg
Mfg Enterprise
Enterprise Sys.
Sys.
Struct.
Struct. Mat’l
Mat’l Processing
Processing &
& Mfg
Mfg
Operations
Operations Research
Research
Infra.
Infra. Sys.
Sys. Mgt.
Mgt. &
& Haz
Haz Mech.
Mech. &
& Structure
Structure of
of Mat’l
Mat’l
Response
Response Serv.
Serv. Enterprise
Enterprise Engr.
Engr.
Nano/Bio
Nano/Bio Mechanics
Mechanics
Network
Network for
for Earthquake
Earthquake Engr.
Engr. Sensor
Sensor Innovation
Innovation &
& Sys.
Sys.
Simulation
Simulation Research
Research NanoManufacturing
NanoManufacturing

ENG AdCom 19 April 2007
Resilient and Sustainable Infrastructures

Division
Division Director
Director
Administrative
Administrative &
& Budget
Budget Engineering
Engineering Advisor
Advisor

Deputy
Deputy Division
Division Director
Director
Science
Science Assistant
Assistant

Engineering
Engineering Innovation
Innovation Sciences
Sciences &
& Materials
Materials Transformation
Transformation
Infrastructure
Infrastructure Systems
Systems Decision
Decision Engr.
Engr. &
& Mechanics
Mechanics

Inform.
Inform. Tech
Tech &
& Infra
Infra Sys.
Sys. Control
Control Systems
Systems GeoMech.
GeoMech. &
& GeoTech.
GeoTech. Sys.
Sys.

GeoEnv.
GeoEnv. &
& GeoHaz.
GeoHaz. Mitigation
Mitigation Dynamic
Dynamic Systems
Systems Infra.
Infra. Mat’l
Mat’l &
& Struct
Struct Mech.
Mech.

Mfg.
Mfg. Machines
Machines &
& Equipment
Equipment Engineering
Engineering Design
Design Mat’l
Mat’l Design
Design &
& Surface
Surface Engr.
Engr.

Struct. Mfg
Mfg Enterprise
Enterprise Sys.
Struct. Sys.
Sys. &
& Haz.
Haz. Mitign
Mitign of
of Sys. Mat’l
Mat’l Processing
Processing &
& Mfg
Mfg
Struct.
Struct. Operations
Operations Research
Research Mech.
Mech. &
& Structure
Structure of
of Mat’l
Mat’l
Infra.
Infra. Sys.
Sys. Mgt.
Mgt. &
& Haz
Haz Serv.
Serv. Enterprise
Enterprise Engr.
Engr. Nano/Bio
Nano/Bio Mechanics
Mechanics
Response
Response
Sensor
Sensor Innovation
Innovation &
& Sys.
Sys. NanoManufacturing
NanoManufacturing
Network
Network for
for Earthquake
Earthquake Engr.
Engr.
Simulation
Simulation Research
Research
ENG AdCom 19 April 2007
Manufacturing and Service Enterprises
Division
Division Director
Director
Administrative
Administrative &
& Budget
Budget Engineering
Engineering Advisor
Advisor

Deputy
Deputy Division
Division Director
Director
Science
Science Assistant
Assistant

Engineering
Engineering Innovation
Innovation Sciences
Sciences &
& Materials
Materials Transformation
Transformation
Infrastructure
Infrastructure Systems
Systems Decision
Decision Engr.
Engr. &
& Mechanics
Mechanics

Inform.
Inform. Tech
Tech &
& Infra
Infra Sys.
Sys. Control
Control Systems
Systems GeoMech.
GeoMech. &
& GeoTech.
GeoTech. Sys.
Sys.

GeoEnv.
GeoEnv. &
& GeoHaz.
GeoHaz. Mitigation
Mitigation Dynamic
Dynamic Systems
Systems Infra.
Infra. Mat’l
Mat’l &
& Struct
Struct Mech.
Mech.

Mfg.
Mfg. Machines
Machines &
& Equipment
Equipment Engineering
Engineering Design
Design Mat’l
Mat’l Design
Design &
& Surface
Surface
Engr.
Engr.
Struct.
Struct. Sys.
Sys. &
& Haz.
Haz. Mitign
Mitign of
of Mfg
Mfg Enterprise
Enterprise Sys.
Sys.
Struct.
Struct. Mat’l
Mat’l Processing
Processing &
& Mfg
Mfg
Operations
Operations Research
Research
Infra.
Infra. Sys.
Sys. Mgt.
Mgt. &
& Haz
Haz Response
Response Mech.
Mech. &
& Structure
Structure of
of Mat’l
Mat’l
Network
Serv.
Serv. Enterprise
Enterprise Engr.
Engr.
Network for
for Earthquake
Earthquake Engr.
Engr. Nano/Bio
Nano/Bio Mechanics
Mechanics
Simulation Research
Simulation Research
Sensor
Sensor Innovation
Innovation &
& Sys.
Sys.
NanoManufacturing
NanoManufacturing

ENG AdCom 19 April 2007
Open PD Positions – Fall 2007
Division
Division Director
Director
Administrative
Administrative &
& Budget
Budget Engineering
Engineering Advisor
Advisor

Deputy
Deputy Division
Division Director
Director
Science
Science Assistant
Assistant

Engineering
Engineering Innovation
Innovation Sciences
Sciences &
& Materials
Materials Transformation
Transformation
Infrastructure
Infrastructure Systems
Systems Decision
Decision Engr.
Engr. &
& Mechanics
Mechanics

Inform.
Inform. Tech
Tech &
& Infra
Infra Sys.
Sys. Control
Control Systems
Systems GeoMech.
GeoMech. &
& GeoTech.
GeoTech. Sys.
Sys.

GeoEnv.
GeoEnv. &
& GeoHaz.
GeoHaz. Mitigation
Mitigation Dynamic
Dynamic Systems
Systems Infra.
Infra. Mat’l
Mat’l &
& Struct
Struct Mech.
Mech.

Mfg.
Mfg. Machines
Machines &
& Equipment
Equipment Engineering
Engineering Design
Design Mat’l
Mat’l Design
Design &
& Surface
Surface Engr.
Engr.

Struct.
Struct. Sys.
Sys. &
& Haz.
Haz. Mitign
Mitign of
of Mfg
Mfg Enterprise
Enterprise Sys.
Sys. Mat’l
Mat’l Processing
Processing &
& Mfg
Mfg
Struct.
Struct.
Operations
Operations Research
Research Mech.
Mech. &
& Structure
Structure of
of Mat’l
Mat’l
Infra.
Infra. Sys.
Sys. Mgt.
Mgt. &
& Haz
Haz Response
Response
Serv.
Serv. Enterprise
Enterprise Engr.
Engr. Nano/Bio
Nano/Bio Mechanics
Mechanics
Network
Network for
for Earthquake
Earthquake Engr.
Engr.
Simulation Research
Simulation Research Sensor
Sensor Innovation
Innovation &
& Sys.
Sys. NanoManufacturing
NanoManufacturing

ENG AdCom 19 April 2007
CMMI Research Communities

„ CMMI’s programs serve a diverse
community
„ Associated Disciplines of PIs funded by
CMMI in FY 2006
„ Mechanical Engineering
„ Civil Engineering (Structural & Environmental)

„ Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering

„ Materials Engineering/Science

ENG AdCom 19 April 2007
CMMI Research Community

„ Distribution of
community
based on
submitted
proposals

ENG AdCom 19 April 2007
CMMI Program Communities - NEES

Other (including
Centers) Arch. and Arch Eng
Geology, Geological
Engineering

Civil and
Envronmental
Engineering

Civil Engineering
(Structural)

ENG AdCom 19 April 2007
CMMI Program Communities - Nanomanufacturing

Polymer and Fiber
Engineering Biomed/Bio
Engineering Chemical
Physics
Engineering
Other (including Chemistry
Centers)
Civil Engineering
(Structural)
Electrical
Engineering
Mechanical
Engineering
General Engineering
Industrial
Engineering
Mechanical and Math
Materials Science
Mechanical and
Aerospace

ENG AdCom 19 April 2007
CMMI Program Communities
Geomechanics and Geotechnical Systems
Mechanical
Engineering
Other (incl.Centers)
Mechanical and Chemical
Materials Science Engineering
Mechanical and
Aerospace
Geology,
Geological Civil and
Engineering Environmental
Engineering
General
Engineering

Civil Engineering
(Structural)

ENG AdCom 19 April 2007
CMMI Program Communities
Mechanics & Structures of Materials
Biomed/Bio
Engineering
Chemical Civil and
Polymer and Fiber Engineering Environmental
Engineering
Chemistry Engineering
Physics
Civil Engineering
Other (Structural)
(incl. Centers)
Electrical
Engineering

Mechanical General Engineering
Engineering
Industrial
Engineering

Mechanical and Mechanical and
Materials Science Aerospace

ENG AdCom 19 April 2007
CMMI Objectives: Discovery

„ Foster emergence of new areas of research in
fields of relevance to the Division
„ Conduct agenda-setting workshops each year
„ Choose emphasis areas annually

„ Invest in research in emphasis areas

„ Invest in research collaborations across
disciplinary and geographical boundaries
„ Collaboration in Directorate/Foundation wide
initiatives

ENG AdCom 19 April 2007
CMMI Objectives: Learning
„ Supporting REU/RET supplements
„ Will support REU supplements to have two students per grant
provided one is a woman/minority/disabled
„ Conducting proposal and research program
development workshops
„ Emphasis given to outreach to EPSCoR states and
underrepresented groups
„ Mentoring of young faculty members
„ CMMI proposal review panels will strive to have at least 20
percent young faculty members
„ One biannual workshop to mentor minority faculty members
„ CMMI PDs: engage in day-to-day contact with PIs and prospective
PIs
„ Summer institutes for emerging technologies
ENG AdCom 19 April 2007
CMMI Objectives: Research Infrastructure
„ Maintain and further develop the George E. Brown
Jr. Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation
(NEES) research
„ Supports operation of NEES facilities
„ Adheres to NSF objectives for large scale research
infrastructure

„ Support the establishment of extreme event
databases
„ CMMI will provide funds for collection of perishable data
on all important extreme events
„ e.g., post hurricanes, earthquakes, other catastrophic events

ENG AdCom 19 April 2007
Dissemination & Outreach
„ CMMI Grantees Conference
„ At CMMI Grantees Conference, all PIs will
have opportunity to:
„ Display research
„ Make connections with other grantees
„ Hear about CMMI plans and initiatives
„ Sponsored every 18 months
„ Offers PIs Opportunity to meet the rest of
the CMMI supported research community
„ Allows PDs to meet PIs that they support
„ Next conference January 2008 in Knoxville,
TN

ENG AdCom 19 April 2007
Summary & Next Steps
„ Institutionalize processes & best practices
„ Web-based Knowledge Management – local policies, best practices
„ Training & mentoring for PDs
„ Recruitment and Succession plans
„ Workshop – integrate recommendations to strategy
„ Programs & allocations
„ Constructed infrastructure (resilient and sustainable; multi-hazard)
„ Competitive manufacturing & service enterprises
„ Discipline-based frontier research
„ Cross-cutting frontier research (Complexity, SBES,..)
„ Help advance research methodology & graduate student
education
„ Innovative and disruptive technology development
„ Workshops for young faculty on how to develop research programs
„ Develop metrics & leading indicators of success

ENG AdCom 19 April 2007