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The student voice of the Colorado School of Mines

Volume 92, Issue 22 April 9, 2012


Alpha Traz raises money for charity

Features 4

Get a great cup of coffee at the 5th Ring

Just blocks from campus, Lookout Mountain is a great day trip for students on the weekends. Read more on page 6.

Sports 7

Women take a How to prepare for stand in engineering graduate school

Arnaud Filliat Asst. Copy Editor
As evidenced by the ratio of males-to-females at Mines, it is safe to say that most engineers in the world today are males. However, the reason for this disproportion is not because males are naturally more gifted in engineering than their female counterparts according to Dr. Erin Cech of Stanford University, who recently presented on Gender and Engineering at a SWE Hennebach lecture. According to Cech, the reason for the discrimination in the workforce arises mainly from social pressures. Until the 20th century, women were generally discouraged and in some cases, forbidden to go to college. Beginning in the 1800s, engineering was a new field and was seen as predominantly masculine with large, unwieldy, and odorous machinery. That image changed when World War II forced many women to take over the roles that men had left to go fight overseas. But, after the war ended, the pressure returned for women to relinquish the positions they had taken over during the war and retreat to the home. While women pushed to enter the engineering field, the womens rights movement spent the 20th century fighting for equality in the legal system. In 1919 Congress passed the Nineteenth Amendment to the US Constitution, which gave women the right to vote. In 1963 the government passed the Equal Pay Act, which made it illegal to pay women lower rates than men for the same job strictly on the basis of their sex. One year later congress passed Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which bared discrimination in employment on the basis of race and sex. Up until the 1960s many engineering colleges prohibited women from applying to their institutions. According to Cech, After the passage of Title IX the doors were flung open for women legally. Despite these improvements there is still discrimination in the workforce and especially in math and science related fields such as engineering. Cech introduced a common myth today which says that womens representation in engineering continues to increase steadily. We just need to be patient and eventually we will reach 50-50. Cech argued against this theory, pointing out that women hold only 19% of management and only 15% of top management positions in science and engineering industries. Furthermore, women make about 85 cents on each dollar that a male makes for essentially the same work. Continued at Stand on page 3

Deborah Good Managing Editor

Although most Mines students will end their academic career with a full-time job, some will chose instead to continue their education at graduate school. For these students, physics senior Levi Miller, along with Dr. Frederic Sarazin, Dr. Reuben Collins, and fellow senior Matthew Stilwell offered a short presentation and panel discussion of the graduate school application process, especially for physics students. Miller began the presentation by speaking about the timeline for applying to graduate school. He explained students should begin to accrue research experience and develop relationships for letters of recommendation during their sophomore and junior years. Miller said, The big thing here is research experience because that is one of the big things that will set your application apart If youre a sophomore, [I] highly recommend you start talking to professors and just saying, Hey, you know, what do you do? Are you looking for anyone to help you this summer? During the summer after junior year, it was recommended that students should work on finding research opportunities and begin studying for the Graduate Record Examinations test (GRE), as well as deciding which schools they want to apply to.

Meet our Athlete of the Week Cory Bacon

Opinion 8

Minds at Mines asks about test rituals

Its really important to get to know a few professors here, or a professor youre researching with outside of school because youre going to need three letters of recommendation, Miller said. The panel advised students to obtain one letter of recommendation from a professor who can speak to the students performance in class and two from professors who can speak to the students research abilities. Additionally, having at least one letter not from a CSM faculty member is preferable. Collins said, You have to use everything you have. If youre interested in the field Fred [Sarazin] is in, and you impress Fred as somebody who he can recommend then Fred can actually get on the phone and call up the people at [the school youre applying to] and say Have I got a deal for you! I have this student who walks on water. I watched him, just right now. Another important area of discussion was the GRE. The general GRE costs about $160 and consists of quantitative reasoning, verbal reasoning, and analytical writing. The panel recommended taking it in September of senior year. Miller also noted that the first four score reports are free and therefore it is good to have four possible schools before taking the test. Continued at Prepare on page 3

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Josh Kleitsch, Staff Writer

Liaoning Province, China - The feathered cousin to the Tyrannosaurus Rex may have been recently discovered in China. The discovery was largely unexpected in the scientific world, due to there being little connection between the newly discovered Yutyrannus hauli (the feathered dinosaur) and other species of theropod. The dinosaur was close to nine meters long, and likely weighed over 1400 kilograms as an adult. This considerable size means that the new dinosaur now holds the record for the largest feathered dinosaur on record, beating out the previous record-holder by a factor of forty.

Amherst, Massachusetts - Climatologists are puzzled over what looks like a massive greenhouse-gas global warming event that took place over 55-million years ago, and a group of researchers at the University of Massachusetts think they may have found the answer. The puzzle is centered around massive amounts of carbon dioxide and methane present during the event and where it came from. The answer may be Antarctic permafrost, which held large quantities of CO2 and methane. As the permafrost thawed, it released more carbon, which in turn caused the planet to warm and more carbon to be released. The positive feedback cycle resulted in a temperature increase of 5 degrees celsius.

Cambridge, Massachusetts - There continues to be speculation over just how profound an effect carbon dioxide has on the warming of the atmosphere, partially due to the ice cores taken from Antarctica. Environmentalists have long argued that carbon dioxide is the precursor to and main cause of global warming, but ice cores taken from Antarctica have not backed up that hypothesis. Recently, a group of scientists completed a thorough investigation of ice cores from all over the world, and they found that elevated carbon dioxide levels predated rising ocean temperatures.

Wuhan, China - Medical professionals in developing countries have long wondered how to sterilize medical instruments and cleanse patients of bacteria without all of the conveniences of a modern hospital. Lately, a group of researchers in China is working on a new technology that would allow doctors to use a flashlight to destroy bacteria. This device projects a beam of cold plasma from a cylinder that resembles a flashlight, and the cold plasma destroys any bacteria within a few moments of contact. This new technology will allow hospitals in developing countries to sterilize wounds and medical instruments quickly and easily, without the equipment normally required at a modern hospital.

Oredigger Staff
Katie Huckfeldt Editor-in-Chief Deborah Good Managing Editor Steven Wooldridge Webmaster Barbara Anderson Design Editor Carissa Summerfelt Business Manager of Sales Lucy Orsi Business Manager of Advertising Ian Mertz Copy Editor Arnaud Filliat Asst. Copy Editor Trevor Crane Content Manager Stephen Hejducek Content Manager David Tauchen Faculty Advisor

Headlines from around the world

Josh Kleitsch, Staff Writer
According to Turkish reports, Syrian military attacks have increased near the Turkish border, resulting in large numbers of refugees leaving Syria seeking a more stable living situation. The development could hinder plans of a ceasefire set for next week. Chinese officials have released a list of six men who they say are involved with a terrorist group that uses Asian countries neighboring China to stage attacks on Chinese nationals. The government has said that the group was responsible for the deaths of 18 people last July. The group is composed of Islamist separatists that are calling for the independence of a small part of the Xinjiang province. Last week marked the twentieth anniversary of the Bosnian war, which started with the siege of Sarajevo. The Bosnian residents of Sarajevo commemorated the day by placing 11,541 red chairs along one of the main streets running through the city. Each chair represented one of the men, women, and children killed during the siege that lasted 1425 days between April 1992 and February 1996. The Egyptian presidential race has started to heat up, with longtime rivals going head to head. Former Mubarak regime members are now running against Islamists who have been backing the people since the Arab Spring first took hold in Egypt last year. The people are still protesting the military-run government. The belief is that when a new leader is elected, the military will concede power. In light of reports that the late president of Malawi died of a heart attack, U.S. officials are concerned that there may be conflicts over who should succeed him as the leader of the African nation. The news of the presidents death did not come from the Malawi government, which leads many to question the motives for the government keeping the information a secret. Hezbollah, the Lebanese political party that has championed the causes of many Islamists, is losing many of its Syrian supporters because of its supportive stance of Syrias president Bashar al-Assad. Many of the people who were supporters of Hezbollah are speaking out against the group. The primary base of Hezbollah is Shia muslims.

Local News
In Alderson, West Virginia, authorities say theyve found a fugitive that escaped from a Colorado Correctional facility. According to the Alderson Police Chief, 29-year old Leland Barnes was found in Monroe County last week. Barnes was arrested in Colorado on sexual assault charges and was going to have his sentence extended when he was caught with contraband. Barnes escaped the Jefferson County jail while on a work release. Barnes is currently in a Southern Regional Jail waiting to be sent back to Colorado.





In Denver, Colorado, the Denver Urban Homesteading held a Chicken Swap. During the event dozens of farmers sold chicks, chickens, ducks, geese, turkeys, rabbits and goats. Children and adults came out to start their own sustainable living projects at home. The Denver Urban Homesteading will also hold a seed and plant swap later this month.



In Colorado Springs, Colorado, a man is dead after falling more than 100 feet from an overlook in the mountains west of the city. Lt. Lari Sevene, spokeswoman for the El Paso County Sheriffs Office, reports that deputies were called to the scene near St. Peters Dome just before 1 PM last Saturday. It is not known if the man fell accidentally or jumped.

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april 9, 2012

Women take a stand in engineering

Continued from Page 1 As a UMass student revealed, One thing that really bugs me about being an intern and a young girl is that the people whom I work with dont take me seriously... A fair amount of the old men... treat me like I know nothing... I never used to really care, but now when it interferes with my profession it just irritates me. Cech described another myth that says that women just arent as good at math and science as men. However, GPAs and SAT scores are similar between the two genders. Men generally do better in math SAT scores in the US while in other countries such as Iceland, women do better across the board in math and science related fields. Cech says this shows that cultural and societal difference are the reason for the discrepancy. Societies push young boys and girls to develop different likes and dislikes and different abilities. Teachers in elementary school may tend to treat boys and girls differently. They encourage the math and science interests of males and call on them when talking about math and science topics more frequently than they call on girls. The reverse happens for language arts and social science topics. This adds up to differences in interests and abilities between the genders by the time students reach middle school. Then, the students enter high school, the crucial time career decision-making coincides with the time people feel the most pressure to live up to feminine and masculine ideals. Furthermore, it is during theses years that teenagers ask themselves what am I good at? And even with such a simple question as this, boys and girls still tend to differ in how they think of their attributes. According to Cech, research in social psychology says that if you compare boys and girls that preform equally in math, girls tend to underestimate their abilities in math and lack confidence in it and boys tend to overestimate their abilities in math and their confidence levels in that. This leads to girls being less likely to think they are good at math and science subjects, and less likely to go into

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Mayor of Golden is jailed Origins of the for supporting Mines Easter bunny
Arnaud Filliat Asst. Copy Editor
The mayor of Golden, Marjorie Sloan, was put in jail last week along with Dr. Patrick Kohl, Dr. Bob Knecht, associate dean of students Derek Morgan, and many others. They posted their bails and helped a good cause by spending time behind bars. The money from each bail was given to the Alpha Phi Foundation as part of Alpha Traz, an annual event hosted by the Alpha Phi Sorority. For the event, Alpha Phi asked well-known members of the campus to volunteer to be put in jail. The volunteers set their bails and offered to sit in the Alpha Phi jail until friends or colleagues came to have them released. Although being put in jail is not usually described as a fun activity, Alpha Traz was a festive event with food, ARNAUD FILLIAT / OREDIGGER live music, and a raffle with prizes from local businesses. According to the Alpha Phi website, Current statistics show that 1 in 6 women die from Coronary Heart D i s e a s e (CHD) making it this countrys biggest killer. In order to raise awareness and fund treatment, the money raised from The money used to bail out these criminals was donated to the American Alpha Traz Heart Association to help fight Coronary Heart Disease, or CHD. was donated to the Alpha Phi Foundation, which will give it to the American Heart Association. The Mayor of Golden, Marjorie Sloan, set her bail at one hundred dollars and was seen working on her computer as she sat waiting in jail. The mayor said that she decided to support the Alpha Phi Foundation because she received a nice invitation, and she believes, The City of Golden and Mines life should be more interconnected. Alpha Traz also revealed the amount of internal support present between Greek organizations. Blake Knoll, a member of the Fiji fraternity who was incarcerated at Alpha Traz, was uncertain of the situation, saying, I wasnt ready to go to jail. Yet Knoll still decided to support his fellow Greeks and ended up meeting his $50 bail. Some of the volunteers at Alpha Traz were afraid that their bail would not be met and that they would have to sit in the Alpha Phi jail for quite a while. But, due to widespread support from the Greek community and other attendees, nearly everyones bail was met, and by the end of the day all volunteers were free to go. Alpha Traz raised $2,400. Bernie Bergman, VP of Philanthropy from Beta Theta Pi, and Carrie Eberhard, President of Alpha Phi, both had the highest bail at $250 each. The Alpha Phi Foundation worked to support its mission statement to empower women to be generous givers. In the past, the Foundation has donated money to a variety of causes, including hospitals, cardiac research centers, educational programs, and scholarships for women or students with medical problems.

a math and science based work field. Instead, women choose to go into fields more commonly associated with language arts, health, or psychology. Interestingly, men are not the only ones to perpetuate these issues. A study of female executives in science and technology firms asked, What do you believe is the most important factor holding women back from advancement to corporate leadership? 59% answered that it was due to common stereotypes and exclusion, another 14% said it was because of lack of required experience and 27% said that women lacked of individual motivation and desire. Cech added that women must speak up about the issue. She said, If you personally are experiencing some kind of bias and think it might be bias, it probably is bias and it shouldnt be tolerated. Cech concluded her lecture with a quote from philosopher De Beauvior who was told you think thus and such because you are a woman. De Beauvior answered, Au contraire, I think thus and such because it is true.

How to prepare for graduate school

Continued from Page 1

suggested statements should be organic and should be an honFor physics students, the est description of ones journey panel had advice about the phys- to the application. The statement ics GRE as well. This exam costs ought to explain how the applicant about $140 and measures ability is different than other applicants in physics material. Courses cov- and why he or she is a good fit ered by the physics GRE include for a specific school. Collins descried the physics I and II, They advised applying to at least purpose of personal modern p h y s - five different schools, remembering statement as showi c s , i n t e r - that a Ph.D. takes on average five ing signs of life. mediyears to complete. On the ate mesubject chanics, quantum mechanics, thermal of where to apply, the panel had physics, and intermediate elec- words of caution. They advised tricity and magnetism. The panel applying to at least five differstrongly recommended taking the ent schools, remembering that a physics GRE in October rather Ph.D. takes on average five years than November so as to have to complete. Sarazin reminded scores before turning in applica- potential applicants that good tions. If you are going to physics programs can be found at less grad school, the October GRE is prominent schools and cautioned students not to apply too high the way to go, said Stilwell. The panel also discussed and miss out on graduate school statements of purpose. Miller entirely.

Andrew Cook Staff Writer

Throughout the years, this bunny hopped from the vernal equinox to Easter. Christian missionaries While ravenously biting off the took the idea of an Easter Bunny head of a chocolate bunny this from pagans and incorporated past Sunday, you probably found it into Easter, which typically falls yourself asking, Just why is this within a few weeks of the vernal adorable, delicious bunny an Eas- equinox. Ever since then, cute ter icon? Hopefully this article will stuffed animals and delicious cananswer all of your hare-raising dies fill stores this time of the year. The Easter Bunny is not feaquestions. Despite what the Epic Rap tured all over the globe however. In Battles of History guys might have Australia, there is a large push to you believe, the Easter Bunny is replace the Easter Bunny with the not just a fluffy b**** mascot for Easter Bilby, a rabbit sized marHallmark in denial. The iconic supial best described as half adorEaster Bunny was actually created able, half terrifying. When rabbits in Germany around the 16th cen- were first introduced into Australia tury and is associated with pagan in the 1800s, they caused a large amount of damage to crops, and ideology. Many pa- In Australia, there is a large push e v e r since gans worshiped a to replace the Easter Bunny with h a v e b e e n deit named Eostre, who the Easter Bilby, a rabbit sized seen as pests. was known as the god- marsupial best described as half Bilbies, on the dess of adorable, half terrifying. other spring and hand, fertility. (The word Easter is based on her have a much better reputation name.) Celebrations for the god- in Australia, thus explaining the dess were often held on the ver- recent attempt to overthrow the nal equinox, which indicates the Easter Bunny. In other countries, such as the beginning of spring season. The rabbit, also known for its fertility, Netherlands, the Easter Bunny was the symbol of Eostre. The fer- burrows itself out of sight. Instead, tility stamp was placed on rabbits the Dutch prefer to celebrate Easbecause they can conceive while ter by lighting bonfires. In some places, there are even competipregnant. Legend claims that one spring, tions for the largest bonfire, with the goddess Eostre failed to deliv- some fires reaching as high as 85 er the season on time. As an apol- feet on Easter. So next Easter, or next time you ogy, Eostre saved a bird whose wings was frozen in the snow. find yourself in the Netherlands or Eostre transformed this bird into a Australia, be sure to brag to all snow hare, and gave it the ability of your friends about your Easter to lay eggs of all colors. Howev- Bunny knowledge. You are guarer, the bunny could only lay eggs anteed to be seen as a hare above once a year, on the vernal equinox. the rest.

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Class with Cohen is a memorable experience

Daniel Allen Staff Writer
At the end of class, students are told there will be a substitute for the next class, and are warned to be prepared for anything. As a result, many students imagine a skinny, crazy man with an Einstein hairdo and an atypical teaching style. When the substitute professor arrives the next day, the students are taken aback to find a man who could easily be mistaken for a bouncer at the roughest bar in town standing before them with an eternal smile on his face and no hair at all. But the most surprising feature of this professor is the object in his hand. It has the look of a medieval weapon made from household materials. The students fears are confirmed when the man tells them exactly what the object was made from, where the components came from, and how long it took him to build. He even tells the class the name of the apparatus. This is my tool for the amplification of centrifugal force for the purposes of student behavior augmentation, he says with a slightly menacing look in his eyes. Those students who have met this horror know that this professor is Dr. Ron Cohen of the Civil and Environmental Engineering Department. Cohen has been an integral part of the Environmental Program at CSM since his arrival in 1986. To understand Cohen and how he arrived at CSM, one must begin with Cohens college education. Engineering was a family affair for Cohen, but the Mines professor took a more unique road to Golden. Well, some of my uncles were engineers and physicists, and my parents wanted me to go to med school, said Cohen, but I thought I would show them all by going into music. He explained how he started as a music major playing the clarinet at Temple University in Philadelphia, PA. However, by the end of his second semester, Cohen realized that music was not his future. Taking into account his poor grades, Cohen decided to leave Temple before they kicked him out. Two years later, Cohen decided to give Temple another try and returned to the school to complete his Bachelors degree in Biology with a strong background in Physics. After acquiring his degree, Cohen moved the University of Virginia where he received a fellowship in Molecular Genetics. I hated every minute of it. Cooped up in a sterile room with institutional green walls, Cohen said. Looking for a new direction, he heard about the small Environmental Engineering Department at the University of Virginia and soon thereafter received his PhD from the University of Virginia with a focus on Mass Balance and Transport. After graduating, Cohen did a one year stint as an adjunct professor at the University of Virginia. It was there that he discovered that his passion was in academia, and more specifically, in teaching and doing research. But a full time professor position was not yet in the cards. He was hired by the United States Geological Survey (USGS), in 1978, as a Water Quality Specialist/ Environmental Engineer working in the National Research Program in Reston, VA. His focus was on water in the Potomac River and Chesapeake Bay. While at the USGS, Cohen created new programs such as PETS, PEST, PEPSI, and POOP. The author will not mention what these acronyms stand for, so those interested will have to visit Dr. Cohen at his office (Chauvenet Hall 122) and ask. While with the USGS, Cohen also taught at George Mason University and George Washington University. Those experiences confirmed my desire to teach and do research, said Cohen. During Cohens sixth year at the USGS, he found a job opportunity at a little school with only 1250 undergraduate students in Colorado called the Colorado School of Mines. It sounded interesting, so he applied for the job and called CSM to request some information about the school. No information ever came. However, serendipitously, on the plane ride to his interview at CSM, Cohen sat next to one Mrs. Olsen, who at the time was the head of International Programs at CSM. She provided him with informative brochures and gave him a tour of the campus. The interviewer the next day was surprised when Cohen came in and knew so much about the campus, especially since the school did not send Cohen any information. He received a job offer in August of 1985, and started in January of 1986 as one of the three faculty in the newly created Environmental Engineering department. In 1986 the environmental program comprised of just 54 graduate students. One of the professors left soon after Cohen started, making it hectic for the fledgling department in the early days. For a long time, Cohen had to justify the existence of the department at faculty forums, because many thought the department was just a bunch of ecologists (in fact, many of the professors were ecologists) or political rabble rousers. As a result, Cohen was instrumental in directing the department away from the more qualitative nature of ecology toward the more quantitatively driven engineering nature the department has today. The first project Cohen was involved in was with the cleanup of nuclear weapons facilities such as the Rocky Flats Plant near Arvada, Colorado where he received a Certificate of Congressional Recognition for his work. Cohen later shifted his focus to the treatment of mine waste and produced water from oil and gas wells. This led to another project where he worked with mine waste treated with wetlands, which he described as one of the most interesting projects in which he has participated. Instead of taking a black box approach, waste in, treated water out, we looked at what processes were actually removing metals and reducing acidity. Cohen and other CSM faculty soon discovered that it was microbes called sulfate reducing bacteria that were doing most of the remediation. So, then, we went about figuring out how to adjust conditions in the wetland to maximize the efficiency of the sulfate reducing ability of these microbes. Unfortunately, the wetlands were inadequate to accommodate these conditions and we were having problems. Cohen and some graduate students then worked out a design for a bioreactor to fix the issues. Given Cohens extensive experience and success in engineering, other schools such as the University of Colorado and Montana State University have offered full-time positions to the Mines professor. Yet despite this, Cohen has decided to remain in Golden, for a variety of reasons. The primary reason being the size of Mines. I can go to the student cafe and have lunch with freshmen and sophomores in a relaxed, informal environment that is not possible at other institutions, said Cohen. At anytime, I can walk around campus and say hello to at least 25% of people and recognize, if not know their names. This has led to one of the main reasons that Cohen has captured the attention and affection of his students. I see people at Mines as my family. These are not just my students, these are my kids... Who else would put up with my bad puns and jokes? Plus I have a captive audience. he said. Cohen added that he feels fortunate to have been and continue to be in a department with so much collegiality and that it is a pleasure to get up in the morning and look forward to coming in, plus I can take out my frustrations and anxieties out on students and feel so good afterwards. And for such a comical man, what is his favorite joke? It is a long series of puns that would take up most of the article, so I wont say, he said.

f e a t u r e s

april 9, 2012


Cohen feeds a casserole dish to some hungry lions.

Refresh with a summer salad

Ian Mertz Copy Editor
As temperatures begin to heat up, enjoy this refreshing salad by itself or as the precursor to any meal. Served cold and made of just a handful of ingredients, Caprese is a light, Italian salad whose presentation betrays its simplicity. The simple combination of tomatoes, mozzarella, and basil is sure to satisfy. Ingredients: *Three large vine-ripened tomatoes *One pound fresh mozzarella *10 to 15 fresh basil leaves *Extra virgin olive oil *Balsamic vinegar *Salt and pepper for seasoning Instructions: Begin by slicing the tomatoes and the mozzarella into 1/4 inch slices. Layer the tomato and mozzarella slices with whole basil leaves around the edge of a large dinner plate. Drizzle extra virgin olive oil and balsamic vinegar over the layered slices, then add salt and pepper to taste. Allow the salad to sit at room temperature for about 15 minutes and serve at room temperature. An alternate serving suggestion would be to use the same ingredients in a sandwich on focaccia bread. Consider adding cucumber for an extra crunch.

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april 9, 2012

Geek Week
If you could be dropped into any fictional setting, what would it be and why? Star Wars! Easy. Id be a Jedi knight just because theyre cool. Ewan McGregors a bad-lookin fella. Especially without a beard. What is your favorite part about Mines? The general nerd atmosphere that seeps into your blood, even though its already there, but it keeps seeping. And then it [becomes] what you eat and breathe. Its where you finally fit in. You know that awkward penguin meme? Yeah, I think that encompasses it. And theres none of that liberal arts baloney. If an electron is fired through a slit in a forest but no one is around to observe it, does it make an unusual pattern? Yes. Definite yes. Which would you rather have, the ability to dual-wield portal and gravity guns or a wizards staff and wand? Oooh wand and staff because I love Harry Potter. I love Portal too though, so Ill make my own portal and gravity guns with the wands. Then Id make combustible lemons. What is your least favorite thing at Mines? Homework. The never-ending homework that crushes you and

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Jordan Francis Columnist

of the ...Christine Geier, Sophomore, Engineering Physics

makes it so you cant even breathe. [Its] the kind of pressure that makes you want to curl up in the fetal position with a teddy bear and cry. My goal is to make it to graduation without gray hair. What is your best recent nerd moment? Probably this morning when I was making my latte and I was thinking about thermodynamics. I do that a lot actually. My professor wasnt lying when he said wed have thermo withdrawals after that class. Do you have any plans for the future? Nope. Okay, yes. I want to go snowboarding with a parachute, jump off this big cliff, pull the chute, glide down and keep snowboarding. Id ditch the chute first though. I also want to graduate in a decent frame of time. Oh! And I wanna be like Isaac Clarke without the scary monsters because he gets to be in space with a plasma cutter. Do you have any advice for fellow geeks and Mines students? Buy a lab coat. Its a huge morale booster. Also, try making black bean brownies. Theyre surprisingly easy to make. Also, we should start a squatter settlement on Kafadar for field session.

5th Ring Coffee gets five stars

Carmella Caltagirone Columnist
Across from Golden High School, a unique atmosphere is brewed at the 5th Ring Coffee House. While the shop may not be the largest coffee house around, 5th Ring ensures top quality on everything they serve. Every cup of drip coffee is made to order with new grounds at a small stand right next to the register. A nearby table provides any add-ins a customer would want, including cinnamon, nutmeg, honey, creamer, CARMELLA CALTAGIRONE / OREDIGGER and milk to list a few. 5th Ring also serves a lineup of lattes, cappuccinos, Italian sodas, and a few specialty drinks created by the staff. For breakfast, the shop features a cereal bar, burritos, and sandwiches. A warmed pastry from their display or a made to order French toast complete a wholesome and delicious breakfast. The coffee house contains helpful and polite staff accompanied by a comfortable atmosphere. Large windows make up the front wall and provide excellent lighting for studying (free wi-fi for customers), reading, or just relax- The coffee house offers a variety of ing. Large couches and breakfast choices including burria bar near the windows tos, sandwiches, and warm pastries. add to the ambiance. 5th Ring occasionally features live music from mostly local artists or bands. They helped the City of Golden during the Fine Arts Festival in August by showcasing oil and pastel paintings from local painters. For those who do not have the time to sit down, 5th Ring offers a drivethru. Only a short walk or drive from campus, 5th Ring Coffee House offers fresh-brewed coffee, great morning meals, and a place to relax and do homework.

Its hard to deny that everybody at Mines is at least little bit crazy. Some geeks have learned to hide their nuttiness well. Others have learned to embrace their insanity and have fun with it. Nobody is quite sure which camp Christine Geier falls into, since no one can seem to get her to give a straight answer to any Rorschach tests. Regardless of her reactions to ink blots, Geier sat down with The Oredigger for a few moments as this weeks Geek of the Week. [Oredigger]: Why did you chose Physics? [Geier]: I knew since sophomore year of high school that I wanted to do Physics. I dont know why. I just like it. I like how it fizzes and everything sparkles with physics magic. It kinda glistens. What has been your favorite class? [It] would certainly, probably be Swimming. I like to pretend Im a squid. [The] only problem is squids dont do freestyle or that god-awful butterfly. I visualize myself as an orange squid, by the way, not a purple or blue one. Are you a geek and why? No, Im a nerd! A nerd and darn proud of it. A good old-fashioned American nerd. Im white and nerdy. For high school, I didnt get a class ring, so I made one myself. [It measured] 2010 ohms and blue, so it was kinda school colors. I do a lot of nerdy things and my mother says I have no common sense and I have a lab coat! Thats why Im a nerd. How do you spend your nonscholastic moments? I play video games and I cook. One time, I made black bean brownies. They were special brownies, but only because they had black beans in them. [I also spend time] shenaniganizing and snowboarding. Oh, and Mine Rescue. What are some of your greatest accomplishments thus far? Putting together my IKEA bed. That was pretty much the triumph of the century. How would you fight a giant mutant insect? Plasma rifle. Easy choice. Like that special one you find in Fallout: New Vegas. As a backup, Id go with flamethrower. Also, Id wear a turtleneck and a lab coat because Archer wears a turtleneck and lab coat.

This week in Colorado history

A dramatic weekend

Deborah Good Managing Editor

This week in 1878, Golden fell victim to two devastating fires. On a Thursday, the fire-alarms sounded for Jarvis Hall, the Episcopal School for boys, located one mile south of town. Though the fire department rushed to the school, they were able to do little but rescue valuables because of a lack of water near the building. The Everett Hook and Ladder Company did come to the scene in an attempt to fight the fire, but by then it was too late to save the building. Members of the Everett Hook and Ladder Company, along with members of the Excelsior Fire and Hose Company, instead worked to protect Matthews Hall and the School of Mines from the fire. Though the exact cause of the fire was unknown, supposition was that the fire had been caused by a defective flue. A single fire would have been concerning enough, but on Saturday, another building went up in flames. Matthews Hall, next door to Jarvis Hall, was generally believed to be the victim of arson, as the fire began in the belfry and rapidly consumed the roof. Again, the fire departments came to the scene and worked to save property. They

To her fellow Mines students, Geier advises to, Buy a lab coat. Its a huge morale booster.

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were not especially successful, and a 1500 volume theological library was burned. Matthews Hall cost $15,000 and was ensured for $7000 plus $1000 for the library, meaning a great private loss fell on school principal Rev. Bellam. Despite the monetary set-back, The Colorado Transcript was optimistic about Bellams future endeavors. In between the two fires, Golden did not experience the quiet day one might have expected. On the corresponding Friday at around 11:00 four prisoners attempted to escape the county jail. The men obtained a steel bar from the door of a vault and used it as a crow bar to remove the bars from their windows. Then, they climbed out through the ten inch by two foot opening. The timing was impeccable, but a young girl who lived near the jail saw them departing and told her mother. The mother in turn sounded the alarm. The jailer, Boyd, took off after them and fortuitously ran into former sheriff W.L. Smith. Smith took over the chase while other law enforcement officials organized an armed posse. The sheriff ultimately captured the prisoners near Dead Mans Gulch and returned them to the county jail.

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f e a t u r e s

april 9, 2012

Alara: Chapter 9
Nicole Johnson Staff Writer
Previous chapters can be found online at In the hologram beside Alara appeared one of the creatures she had dreamed about. It looked like it was in a room similar to the one she was in. It had the same bleak black walls and a single light hanging overhead. The table and chairs were toppled over and only barely visible at the edge of the hologram. The thing itself was curled into a ball on the ground, staring intently at the ground. The Taren people call them the Invaders, but we call them the parasites. The true creature requires a host to survive. The image faded from the room to a small container, which looked kind of like a transparent gas can, filled with bubbling water. Chloe blinked slowly. Unlike the room and Alara, this image looked real, as if she could touch it. She leaned forward with outstretched fingers and was about to touch the hologram when her eye caught something moving in the water. Slithering through the container, the worm-like creature raced toward her hand, smashing into the glass of the container. What the hell? Help, someone help. Chloe jumped from her chair. She watched as the worm's beady red bulbs she assumed were eyes looked her over from head to toe. It opened its small mouth to reveal rows upon rows of sharp teeth, snarling and almost laughing at her. Down its front, Chloe noticed thousands of tiny tentacles. Alara materialized standing next to her, looking down at the parasite. This my masters' true form. Centuries of genetic manipulation have reduced the human race to parasites, destroyers of worlds. Chloe clutched her chest, hardly able to breathe. She thought about the lottery and the rocket back home. Is this what the mayor and the Foreman were doing to all those people? She grasped her stomach, fighting the urge to vomit. You're lying. This can't be real. She turned toward the red blinking light in the corner of the room. You're lying! Let me out. Let me out, I said! Alara had gone silent behind her. Marna and Telloc sighed as they watched Chloe bang her fists against the door. Alara must be crazy if she thinks this plan is actually going to work. The girl is no soldier. Telloc kept his face neutral. Do not forget who resurrected this resistance. If Alara believes this girl is the key, then you will protect her with your life and that goes for everyone here. He stood from his chair, towering over Marna. Anyone who has a different opinion answers to me. Is that understood? Lets meet this glorious savior then, shall we? Marna gestured for Telloc to proceed to the isolation room Chloe was in. Telloc walked in silence until he reached the door. For the first time, he wondered what would happen if Chloe refused to help. On their own, theyd be able to rescue Alara, but the other part of the mission would fall apart if they didnt have her and Chloe. Telloc punched in the code on a keypad next to the door and watched as the door opened to a room full of nothing. He stepped into the room only to be met with the legs of a metal chair smashed against his face. He went down quickly, clutching his bleeding nose. Not so fast, girl. Marna caught the chair by its legs as Chloe tried to swing at her and pushed the girl to the ground. One zap with the disruptor and Chloes limbs locked up. Only her eyes were able to move, darting between Telloc and the maniac woman standing over her. See, Telloc? She pushed a chunk of hair back from her face and hauled Chloe's rigid body into another chair, keeping her disruptor locked on the filthy creature. Humans can never be trusted, even when they look like us. Chloe stared at the scars lining the womans neck and jaw. Even her large, black eyes and the way they stared through Chloe told her this woman was no stranger to battle. She heard Telloc groan as he pushed himself to his feet. Alara did mention humans of Chloe's age are unpredictable. He grabbed the chair Chloe had whacked him with, set it in front of Chloe and sat. He felt Marna send a warning into his mind. He nodded, acknowledging the warning. This can happen one of two ways, Chloe. Either you help us willingly or... well, you wouldn't like the other option. I don't want to threaten you. The more you cooperate, the sooner we'll be able to send you to a better place back on Earth. Now, what do you say? Chloe felt her jaw and tongue loosen. You're alien, right? Telloc paused. We are not from Earth, correct. And this isn't a dream? Telloc didn't have to answer. I don't know what Alara has told you, but Earth isn't much better than here. Your colony was the only one to escape. The rest continued living and eventually returned to live on the surface. The rest? Did you really think you were alone? It's what we're taught. How many more are there? Telloc smiled. Quite a bit. Now, Chloe, if you help us, I promise you will be returned to Earth in one of the colonies that does survive. What do you say? Marna watched the human's gaze drop to the floor. She seemed more like a lost child in a cage rather than the monster she knew lurked within. Still, Marna could not help but pity the thing. She would be scared too. Finally the human looked up and nodded with resolve burning in her eyes. I don't see how useful I'm going to be but I'll do what I can. Telloc reached into his pocket and pulled out a small device that Chloe thought looked kind of like one of Earth's old fashioned communication devices. Pressing a couple buttons, another hologram of Alara appeared. She wore a simple tunic and pants that matched her eyes, which looked happy but tired. Although Telloc and Marna may not show it, we are grateful for you Chloe. Her smile faded and something sparked in her eyes. Now to work. A schematic appeared between Telloc and Chloe. Alara stood close to Telloc. This is one of the original rockets that left Earth. My masters have become suspicious of me and so have blocked off any sort of access to the core of the ship. Inside the core is a giant transmitter, which allows the parasites to maintain a low level telepathic field between them. If we take out this transmitter, not only will they lose contact with each other, it will make them lose control of their host. The Taren consciousness will rise and the parasite will be trapped until we can safely remove them. Telloc disconnected the hologram. His shoulders were pulled back and his jaw was clenched. Chloe's jaw went slack. You're asking me to murder them. Marna crossed her arms. They're the ones who took our bodies for their sick pleasure. Better be sure whose side you're on. Marna, behave yourself. Telloc turned back to Chloe. I'm not saying this is perfect, but it's the best plan we've got. I don't understand. I'm sure Alara can do what you need. Why do you need me? Alara is just an AI. She understands the software but not the hardware. We need someone good with machinery. Someone who knows how to take things apart quickly and quietly. Telloc rose, checking the device on his wrist. It's getting late. Let me show you to your room. You're going to have a big couple of weeks ahead of you. Couple of weeks? What for? We need to train you, of course. M-marna. The guest's room is... is... r-ready. Chloe looked up at the man standing in the doorway. His head twitched to the side, fingers twisting over themselves. Thank you, Garren. You are dismissed. Garren continued to stare directly at Chloe. Shadows played in the wrinkles under his eyes. The guy looked a lot older than he sounded. His lips twitched into a half-smile. Chloe felt trapped and a heaviness pressed against her chest. Her breath became shallow. Garren. That will be all. The strange man turned his gaze away and disappeared from the doorway. The weight on Chloe's chest lightened and her heart eased its pounding in her ears. Marna on one side, Telloc on the other, they led Chloe down the twisting hallways past curious eyes and hushed whispers. Telloc made a couple jokes, one of which made Marna smile, which Chloe thought was pretty for an alien. The room they stopped at looked no different than the one she had just been in except for the addition of a plain looking cot stashed in one corner. Three candles and some matches were placed on top of a few blankets and a pillow. Chloe stepped inside and was glad the lighting was just as dim, although she scowled when she noticed another security camera. Before she could make any remarks, the door behind her closed shut and a soft click assured her of what she already knew. I suppose we would have done the same to an alien back home.

Spend an afternoon on scenic Lookout Mountain

Deborah Good Managing Editor
As the weather warms and the semester draws to a close, wanderlust sets in for many students. It seems summer has arrived and with it travel opportunities. Unfortunately, the semester does not really end for another month, so wanderlust must be satiated close to home with day trips. One of the closest day trips is a trek up Lookout Mountain, a oneway journey of barely fifteen minutes. For the most scenic route, travelers can replicate the M-climb route by biking or driving up Lookout Mountain Road. The view heading up the mountain is spectacular, as Clear Creek Canyon opens up to the northwest and Golden shrinks to the east. Acrophobic drivers should be advised that Lookout Mountain Road is curvy and heavily used by cyclists, but it does have guardrails. Although the drive, part of the Lariat Loop, is impressive, it is far from the only attraction on the mountain. A good first stop is the Buffalo Bill Museum and Grave. William F. Buffalo Bill Cody was a pony express rider, an army scout, and a buffalo hunter before founding Buffalo Bills Wild West, a show featuring early incarnations of many classic Western conventions. When Cody died in 1917, his widow insisted it had been his wish to be buried on Lookout Mountain, and he was over the strenuous objections of the town of Cody, Wyoming. The original Buffalo Bill Memorial Museum was founded in 1921. Today, the museum offers several exhibits focusing on Cody and the American West. There is a substantial collection of memorabilia from both Codys life and Buffalo Bills Wild West, a section of Native American artifacts, and a collection of firearms from both the wild west show and Native American tribes of the time. Also not to be missed is the childrens area, which offers the chance for kids and kids at heart to try to lasso a statuary calf. (It is much more difficult than it sounds.) In addition to the museum, there is Codys actual grave, overlooking Golden and Denver, and Pahaska Teepee, a restaurant and gift shop. The buffalo burgers are a touch pricey, but quite good. After receiving a dose of local history at Buffalo Bills, travelers can head to the Lookout Mountain

Nature Center for a dose of local Parks and Recreation maintained If you want to go: science. The nature center has a buffalo herd is only a couple of Buffalo Bill Museum and Grave: small museum area with interactive miles west. Although there is never Hours: Tuesday Sunday 9:00 exhibits primarily aimed at children, a guarantee that the buffalo will be am 4:00 pm, Admission: $5.00 but where it truly shines is on its na- out, if the weather is nice they probLookout Mountain Nature Centure trails. ably will be and they have calves in ter: Hours: Tuesday Sunday 10:00 The nature trails offer an idyllic the spring. am 4:00 pm DEBORAH GOOD / OREDIGGER ramble through the full range of Colorado foothill ecosystems and also offer a good chance of meeting wildlife such as elk, deer, Aberts squirrels, and foxes. In addition to the nature center and Buffalo Bills grave, Lookout Mountain and the area around it are crisscrossed with hiking trails of all lengths. Despite its proximity to the city, the Lookout Mountain area can be shockingly quiet and feels much more isolated than it actually is. For animal lovers who did not get enough at the nature The Pahaska Teepee Gift Shop and Restaurant at the Buffalo Bill center, the Denver Museum and Grave is located on Lookout Mountain

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april 9, 2012

Trevor Crane Content Manager
They have by far the longest and least known schedule of all of the Oredigger Athletics. When the football, soccer, volleyball, basketball, wrestling, and swimming seasons each came and went, the Mens Golf team quietly kept on practicing. And now, only a few weeks from the end of the spring semester, their work is nearly complete. The Division II Mens Golf Championship is only a month away, and the Orediggers are considered to be a strong candidate to win the West Super Regional and compete for the first time in the national championship. While the credit for this excellence is well deserved across the entire team, there is no doubt that the hard work turned in by the teams six seniors has paved the way. Among these seniors who have spent countless hours on the golf course is mechanical engineer Cory Bacon. Bacon, a member of the 2008 team that finished a dismal 10th place at the RMAC Championship, has helped lead the Orediggers to four first place finishes this year. Students may spend 15-20 hours per week doing homework, but between hitting the range, attending practice, and competing in weekend tournaments, Bacon easily spends 25 hours perfecting his game on the course before he even considers starting his mountain of homework. Yet not even that rigorous schedule can slow down Bacon, whose enviable 3.68 GPA last year earned him a unanimous selection as the RMAC Mens Golf Academic

of the

Week Mechanical Engineering: Golf ... Cory Bacon, Senior,

Oh, thats a good question. Its gotta be the driver, man. Just grip it and rip it. What is your favorite golf course? My favorite course that I played on would probably be our home course, Bear Creek Country Club or the Classic Club in Palm Desert, just two hours from where I live. But my favorite courses that Ive never played on would definitely be Augusta, St. Andrews, and Pebble Beach, but I may get to play at Pebble Beach for my graduation present. What is it like to grow from a seventh place RMAC team to a national contender? Its very rewarding. I hope we win the RMAC and go to the National Tournament, but we still have work to do. But its still extremely rewarding to put in all the time and effort the past four years. Its kind of like getting your degree. You work hard for four years and it pays off in the end. What is your favorite part about being a student athlete? The best has to be just being able to play a sport in college. Not many people get that opportunity. Its been a great run for four years. What is it like to see your senior season come to a close? Its bittersweet. Its been a great run for four years, and Ive been able to play golf for free all over the country during that time. But we dont want to get stuck in the moment and say its now or never. We just want to have fun and relax and play golf. What has been the one thing that Mines has taught you that you will take with you? It has to be time management. After dealing with time management throughout college, I know that Ill be able to handle whatever I have to, even if I have a lot of things on my hand to do. What is the nerdiest thing you have seen on campus? Oh, its gotta be Humans versus Zombies. Its pretty ridiculous how its turned a video game into a real life game. What is the nerdiest thing the golf team does? Well, its kind of nerdy. We are always talking about and relating engineering to golf. We always talk about the physics and the engineering of the swing and stuff. If you could change one thing at Mines, what would it be? I would offer more classes at more convenient times. Its been hard to get my schedule to work with golf over the past four years. What is the best class youve taken at Mines? Engineering Econ. Its probably the most applicable class offered here. When you graduate, you may not need fluids, but you can always use the financial advice. And Mechanics of Materials, too. I just had a good teacher (Prof. Candy Sulzbach) and really enjoyed that class. Oh, and CAE. Least favorite class? Oh, fluids. That class is so hard. I left like, half of the final blank in that class. What advice would you give yourself if you were to redo Mines? Work hard and play hard. Put in the time in the classroom and then play hard on the course. Its worth it.

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Player of the Year. That is impressive for someone who spends more time on the golf course than most students do in the classroom. And the hard work is beginning to pay off. As his senior year and CSM Golf career wind down, Bacon looks to lead the Orediggers for one last playoff push. For his efforts on and off the course, Cory Bacon is this weeks Athlete of the Week. [Oredigger] As a golfer, have you been watching the Masters this past week? [Bacon] Oh yeah. Its like a golfers Christmas. I think on Wednesday before it started, I was more excited for the Masters than I was for Christmas. Its just so exciting to watch the pros play. You get to see the most crazy things, all the traditions, all the legends. And I think its the one event where the course shines brighter than the players. What do you like about golf that makes it different from other sports? Its a lifetime game; you can play it until you die. If you can walk, you can play golf. Have you ever had a hole in one? Ive had two, actually, and both have been in tournaments... You can tell when you make contact that you hit it well, but it isnt till its in the air that it really hits you how good a shot it was. Once it hits the green and rolls toward the pole, you start to think it has a chance. On my first one, I remember I was just in total shock when it went in. I couldnt believe it and was just shocked. I didnt really do anything, and had probably the most reserved reaction compared to my teammates. What is your favorite golf club?

Cory Bacon tees off during a trip to St. George.

Club Sport of the Week: CSM Softball splits Regis series with walkoff homerun Womens Soccer
Trevor Crane Content Manager
After the way the Orediggers fared in close games this season, a three run walk off homerun was just what the doctor ordered as Mines outlasted Regis 7-4 to earn the series split Saturday at the CSM Softball field in Golden, CO. In their 40 previous games played, Mines had lost 20 games, an astounding nine of which had come in the final inning, and many where the Orediggers were leading and poised for the win. They had lost seven games, sometimes consecutively, on the final play of the game. But this time it was Mines turn. Down to their final two outs in the bottom of the seventh, Sarah Lustgraaf earned an infield single to advance to first, and Molly Thiebaut drew a walk immediately after to bring up true freshman Cassie Ford with two on and the winning run in scoring position. But the runners didnt matter as Ford drilled the second pitch over the left field wall to end the game. In the previous three games of the series, Ford had combined to go just 1-5 with one walk and one hit. In the final game, the freshman exploded, going 3-4 with a single, double and run scored to go with her walk off home run, the second of her career. I started to trust myself more, said Ford. I was too tight the first game and I was thinking way too me I cant think, I just gotta do. Fords mantra helped, leading Mines to their 21st win of the season with just under two weeks remaining in the regular season. The win gave Mines the 2-2 series split with the Rangers, but the series was defined by Regis ace Nikki Haberkorn. In the two games Haberkorn pitched, Mines was held scoreless and earned only eight hits. However, in the two other games, the Orediggers came back, scoring 13 runs on 19 hits. Haberkorn pitched the shutout in the first game, giving Regis the 3-0 win. And although the game was dominated by the Regis pitcher, Oredigger starting pitcher Kelly Unkrich had her own stellar performance, pitching a complete game and surrendering just three runs in the loss. In the second game Mines starting pitcher Ashley Goletz turned in a complete game, giving up just one run on three hits. Sarah Lustgaaf highlighted the offensive statistics, finishing a perfect 3-3 with two singles and a triple. In the third game, Unkrich pitched an even better game for the Orediggers, but was once again overshadowed by Haberkorn, who shut out the Orediggers for the second time in the series. Regis outlasted Mines 2-0. After going 2-2 over the weekend, Mines improved to 21-20 on the year. The Orediggers currently sit in fourth place in the RMAC standings, just two games behind CSU-Pueblo and Colorado Mesa with 10 games remaining. The top eight teams advance to the RMAC Championship Tournament with an opportunity to compete for a National Championship. Last season Mines was eliminated just one game away from the championship game in the RMAC Tournament, but still advanced to the NCAA Tournament. If the Orediggers earn a place in the 2012 NCAA Tournament, it will be just their third appearance in school history. Mines continues their season with a four game series at Western New Mexico followed by a brief, two game series against UCCS before returning home to close out the season. The season ends with a critical four game homestand against Colorado Mesa April 21 and 22.

Sydney Liming Club Sports

The first written document related to the history of soccer can be found in a 300 B.C. Chinese war manual that was used by men to familiarize themselves with their version of the sport, which included kicking a ball (made out of pig bladders or stuffed leather) through a hole in a cloth tied between two poles. There is no reference to women playing this version of the sport, but can be found depicted in a Han Dynasty fresco (circa 200 C.E.) which clearly shows two female figures playing with what is believed to be a leather ball. Although women playing soccer during the Middle Ages was not common, there are a few famous occurrences of women playing. French women played kicking games relating soccer side by side with their husbands during the 12th century and Scottish women even had an annual competition. One of the biggest obstacles that women had to overcome to play soccer was the fact that the sport was considered very violent, even with a clear set of rules. This made it difficult for women to play, as men would protect them by not allowing them to play. This changed when the English Football Association standardized a set of rules the prohibited violence

on the pitch in 1863, making it easier for women to play. Soon after this decision, womens soccer became more and more popular, almost reaching the popularity of mens soccer in England. This popularity caused the Football Association to ban womens soccer from their pitches, with the Scottish Football Association following soon after. It wasnt until 1971 that the ban was lifted and women could play on the same pitches as men. The Womens Club Soccer team at CSM is made up of 20 members and competes in games throughout the fall season, as well as some tournaments and the National Tournament. The games are held around the state of Colorado, while the National Tournament has been held in Phoenix, Arizona the last few years. The team participates in fundraisers such as Cold Stone fundraisers, blood donations, and player sponsorship letters. The Womens Club Soccer team has been a club sport for the last eight years as a club team. They have been invited to the National Tournament three out of the last four years. They have a lot of returning players for next year which should make for a great season next fall. The team is always looking for new players! For more information, please email club-soccerw@

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o p i n i o n

Minds atand rituals Mines Test superstitions

Ian Mertz Copy Editor
Among the most stressful activities at Mines are exams. For some studying makes all the difference, however, for others studying does not have much of an effect and most students tend to do poorly regardless of preparation. It is for the latter that extra steps must be taken. Any superstition or ritual that can help increase grades must be followed. This week, Minds at Mines asks, What superstitions or rituals have you heard of or perform to improve grades on tests and assignments?

Jarrod Sparks Staff Writer

Grinds my gears
one of their buddies to come pick them up. The unpredictable wind had obviously taken them far away from their preferred landing zone. People say that the wind is mysterious, or to listen to the wind blow. I say stop it. All it does is sandblast my car in the dirt lot, and dry out the land so we cant have fireworks. How can we stop it you ask? Its simple. Loosely according to the Bernoulli principle, there must be a higher pressure somewhere and a lower pressure elsewhere for the wind to blow. Thus the flatlands to the east of us need to stop forming tornadoes in low pressure systems, and California needs to stop being so full of hot air. A social fix to a meteorological problem. You know what else grind my gears? The Broncos coaching staff. Im sure that many people will disagree with this, but why did Tebow have to go? He won games. Sure he got killed in his most recent one but who hasnt had a

april 9, 2012

Every test freshman year, I would wear the same outfit. I never smelled pretty, but I never failed an exam. Robby Gill

You know what really grinds my gears? The wind. When its not blowing the weed smell from Boulder, the smog from Denver, or smoke from a wildfire, its busy blowing me around. Chicago claims that it is the windy city, but I would venture to say that it is Golden. There are numerous canyons that seem to funnel the wind right to wherever I am. At my dwelling, my windows can be completely closed, and when the wind reaches its peak velocity, my blinds actually move with gusts. This is truly ridiculous. The only people that actually benefit from the mighty rushing wind are those parasailors that launch off of Lookout Mountain. Heck, even they sometimes get negatively impacted. I have seen one over by Colorado Mills and one about a mile north on Highway 93, both on their cell phones calling for

tough loss? That final tick in the loss column just left a bad taste in the coaching staffs mouth and they decided that a new quarterback was the purple pill to their acid reflux. Know why? Because John Elway was getting angry that the public loved Tebow more than they loved him. Im not saying that Tebow was the answer to a Super Bowl. Im just saying that he didnt have to go. For an offense driving inside the 10 yard line, few quarterbacks outside of Tebow will lower their shoulders and dive for a touchdown. Lets just face it, Manning may be skilled, but hes old. Thus, when the quarterback needs to take a hit, send Tebow in, otherwise let Manning place the ball where it needs to go. A win-win situation for everybody involved, but Elways ego got in the way and now Tebow is off to New York to team up with Jeremy Lin and start a New York sports dynasty. And that, ladies and gentlemen, is what grinds my gears.

Letter to the Editor

I dont know if you would call this superstition, but I always get good grades when I wear my lucky tighty-whities, one sock on my left food, and eat granola. Finn Hovem Dear Editor, On March 7th, 2012, I anxiously attended Bruce Bramfitts talk on the metallurgy of the Titanic. The presentation, which was reported as the cover story of last weeks Oredigger, did not meet my expectations. It contained several significant errors errors which were unfortunately passed along in Ian Mertzs cover story. I cannot compete with Dr. Bramfitts knowledge on the topic of metallurgical engineering, but I have devoted years of study to all things having to do with the Titanic saga. The bottom line is, Dr. Bramfitt may be an expert on steel, but he doesnt know much about the Titanic. First, the collision with the iceberg occurred on April 14th, not April 15th as reported in the Oredigger. Second, Captain Smith was well aware of the danger posed by the ice in his path. Contrary to popular belief, Smith did alter course after receiving the ice warnings by traveling along what was known as the southern route and by delaying the scheduled course change from 242 to 266 for thirty minutes. Third, Titanic was not running at maximum speed at the time of the collision. Among Titanic experts, the most agreed upon estimate of the collision speed is 22.5 knots (25.89 miles per hour). This estimate comes from the testimony of Titanics Second Officer, Charles Lightoller. When he came on watch at 6:00 pm on the evening of the 14th, he noted that the engines were making 75 revolutions, which corresponds to a speed of 22.5 knots. However, only 24 of Titanics 29 boilers were lit that night she could have been going faster. Forth, the binoculars had not been left off the ship. When lookouts Fredrick Fleet and Reginald Lee began their watch, the binoculars could not be found. They were most likely in a locker in Charles Lightollers boat deck cabin. Experts suggest that even if Fleet and Lee had found the binoculars, it would not have made a difference given the difficult conditions for spotting icebergs that evening, (no wind, no moon, and black ice). Fifth, Bramfitt and Mertz commented on the oft-repeated criticism of the height of the watertight bulkheads. The criticism I am referring to goes something like this: The watertight bulkheads only went up to E-deckthey should have gone up to the boat deckthat way, water would not have spilled over their tops like water in an ice cube tray. This sentiment is ridiculous. If the watertight bulkheads had extended through the decks above E-deck, submarine-style steel doors would have had to be fitted throughout all of the bisected cabins and passageways. Construction of large public spaces such as the Grand Staircase and First Class Dining Room would not have been possible. In this year of the Titanic centennial, we can be expected to be bombarded with Titanic documentaries, books, movies, and more. Most of these media will contain dozens of technical errors. The Titanic disaster is one of the most misunderstood tragedies in history. Remember, the Titanic disaster happened because there were not enough lifeboats for everyone on board end of story. As scientists and engineers, we, the Colorado School of Mines community, should commit ourselves to the pursuit of the accurate, technical truth, not only in the Titanic disaster, but in all important engineering and scientific issues. Thank you, Paul Szuhay

An old Chinese proverb I once heard says, The higher you are, the higher your score. Scott Von Thun

I always drink Mountain Dew before tests. During the test I chew gum. I call it thinking gum. Matilda

ALL PHOTOS IAN MERTZ / OREDIGGER Editorials Policy The Oredigger is a designated public forum. Editors have the authority to make all content decisions without censorship or advance approval and may edit submitted pieces for length so long as the original meaning of the piece is unchanged. Opinions contained within the Opinion Section do not necessarily reflect those of Colorado School of Mines or The Oredigger. The Oredigger does not accept submissions without identification and will consider all requests for anonymity in publication on a case-by-case basis. Submissions less than 300 words will receive preference.

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