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By William A. Brobst Sometime between 1749 and 1757, Jacob Hauger (b bef 1702) and his wife Anna Maria left their home in Hesse Cassel, Germany, with their son Jonathan (b 1723) and his wife and family, and emigrated to America. They probably landed in New York, for they settled in New Jersey, near a small town called Oxford. . Jonathan and his wife (name unknown) brought a young son from Germany, Johannes (b 1749) in Hesse Cassel(?). They also brought a second son, Jonathan (b 1752), who is reported to have been born in Hesse Cassel as well, in which case their immigration would have come between 1752 and 1757. It’s possible, though, that Jonathan was actually born in New Jersey, in which case the immigration would have come between 1749 and 1752. The actual date of their immigration remains to be discovered. Johannes (1749) and Jonathan (1752), along with their father Jonathan (1723), moved south-westward after their grandfather’s death in 1757, and settled in Hagerstown, Washington County, Maryland, where there were several Hager families already living after their arrival from Germany in 1736 (Jonathan b 1719 and David b 1712). Jonathan (1719) and David (1712) were the founders of the town of Hagerstown, although David died before the town was actually named as such. Jonathan, the father of Johannes (1749) and Jonathan (1752), himself is reported to have moved on from Hagerstown and settled in Somerset Co, Pennsylvania where he died in Berlin in 1775. What the relationship was between Jonathan Hauger and the two Hager brothers (the “founders) is not known, but it appears likely that there was some close relationship, probably at their roots in Germany. Why else would have Jonathan Hauger gone to Hagerstown (then known as Elisabethstown)? Jacob Hauger the immigrant could have been an older brother of the Hagerstown founders. Who knows? In any case, the brothers Johannes (1749) and Jonathan (1752) settled in Hagerstown, and began raising their families. Johannes is reported to have been a tailor, and so would have found work there as a tradesman. In 1771, he married Maria Barbara Miller who had been born in Berks County, Pennsylvania. Jonathan was a craftsman engaged in making and repairing wagons, but was evidently more inclined toward the inn-keeping trade, and, in fact, would become later referred to as Jonathan the Tavernkeeper. Jonathan married Nancy Ann Moyer (Royer/Rohrer?) in 1778. Both Johannes (1749) and Jonathan (1752), and their families, moved to Chambersburg, Franklin County, Pennsylvania around 1781. Johannes set up a tailor shop on Queen Street, and Jonathan worked at the Chambersburg Tavern. Around 1795, Johannes moved to Somerset
Is all that really true? The evidence is part factual. They brought at least one of their grown children with them -.County. see the discussion above. JONATHAN HAUGER (1723-1775) (Jacob) Jonathan Hauger. for they settled in New Jersey. b 1723. The Tavernkeeper’s grandfather is identified as the immigrant Jacob Hauger who died in New Jersey in 1757. The immigration must have taken place between 1749 and 1757. Maryland. A major part of the problem is in the confusion of names. Pennsylvania. It seems that half the men in these families were named either Johannes (John) or Jonathan! Plus the fact that there were other Johns and Jonathans named Hager in and around the same places and times. what do we really know? The history of Johannes and Jonathan seems quite well established through birth/baptism. Jacob Hauger (b bef 1702) and his wife Anna Maria left their home in Hesse Cassel. and Pennsylvania. Other references at Hagerstown and from Somerset County. Jacob’s will was probated in Oxford in 1757. New Jersey records discuss Johannes’ move from New Jersey to Maryland.their son Jonathan (1723). noted that Johannes (1749) descended from David Hager. and in 1798. The family of Jonathan Hager (1752) (Tavernkeeper) has been well researched through the records in Washington County. Their life first in Hagerstown and then in Chambersburg is well recorded. assert it was this Jonathan. PA. marriage. but whether they were both immigrants is not as certain. they might have been born in New Jersey. They were probably near fifty years old themselves when they left Germany for a better life in the English Colonies. and emigrated to America. Certainly they both lived in New Jersey at some time in their early lives. The story has been pieced together from research done by the author and others based on information found in New Jersey. That they are of German origin is unquestioned. MD. near a small town called Oxford. It is noted that the name David is 2 . Pennsylvania. The family of Johannes Hauger (1749) has been well researched through the records in Franklin and Somerset Counties. The research regarding the initial residence in New Jersey is asserted but verification has not been discovered to date in the preparation of The Hauger Chronicles. Jonathan returned to Hagerstown when he lived out his life as a wagonmaker and tavernkeeper. Germany. Maryland. as well as Johannes’ later move to Somerset County and Jonathan’s later return to Hagerstown. is reported to have immigrated to America and settled in New Jersey. and Washington County. All of those people really did exist. One record at the Washington County Historical Society in the Hager file in Hagerstown. and Franklin County. Maryland. Pennsylvania. Well. part circumstantial. part deductive. and land records. Both of them are reported to have had a father named Jonathan. death. They probably landed in New York. JACOB HAUGER (??) Sometime between 1749 and 1757.
PA. under Captains Joseph Culbertson and William Berryhill. he took the Oath of Fidelity. in Hagerstown. 1793 (then Bedford). the brother of Jonathan (1719) the founder of Hagerstown. Jacob) Jonathan is not obviously related to the founder of Hagerstown. About 1788. that reference may have made in the thought that Johannes might have descended from David Hager (1712). not Hauger. records in Chambersburg state that Johannes' father was Jonathan from New Jersey. and it is probably true. Why else would this Jonathan have come to join the other Jonathan? The Hager files in the Washington County Historical Society.. but doesn't tie the line in with the other NJ and MD Hagers: "John Hauger. came from Hagerstown. Pennsylvania. NJ in 1757. from somewhere in New Jersey. and that the Tavernkeeper's grandparents were Jacob and Anna Maria Hager who died in Oxford. evidence points that way. Whether he was born in New Jersey or he immigrated to America with his parents is not known. d. Early Germans of New Jersey shows the following addendum to the section on the Hager family of NJ. brother of Jonathan the Founder Hager (1719). And this Jonathan died in Somerset County. Hagerstown. It is noted that his death year. 1775 in Somerset County. b. is the same death year as for Jonathan Hager. He is reported to have served in the Revolutionary War from 1780-1781. Both Johannes and Jonathan are reported to have come to Hagerstown from New Jersey.. He certainly shared to some extent the founding of Hagerstown with that other Jonathan because he was also one of the early settlers of that area. 1749. JONATHAN (THE TAVERNKEEPER) HAGER (1752-1823) (Jonathan. founder of Hagerstown. MD to Somerset Co. George. d. There is some information which alludes to a relationship between the two.. as did Johannes (1749). Was this Jonathan actually the father of both Johannes Hauger (1749) and Jonathan Hager (The Tavernkeeper) (1752)? Circumstantial. then to Hagerstown. they did not come from Prussia." (Actually. but strong. and 3 ..) They had five known children: Jacob. The Hagerstown records all show his name as Hager. that assumption is now held in discredit. in 1760. Jonathan (1719). However. 1749. Samuel.clearly an unusual name for a German. he married Nancy Ann Moyer. In 1778.. with an incorrect assumption that Johannes Hauger (1749) had descended from that David Hager. as discussed later.) From this. Records in Hagerstown state that the Tavernkeeper's father was Jonathan. it appears that Jonathan accompanied his two sons to Hagerstown. May 11. 1813. Pennsylvania. Maria Barbara Miller. b. although he does not appear in records there. (One researcher shows her name as Royer or Rohrer. Dec 6. Probably there was some confusion with David (1712). although both the names Hauger and Haeger are found in the records associated with all of the Hager families of Hagerstown.. although the relationship may well go back to similar German roots. when he was 13 years of age. show that Jonathan came to Hagerstown at the age of eight. m. MD. Katharine. His parents came from Prussia to Phil. 1826.
where he operated the Chambersburg Tavern in the 1790s. Somerset County (then part of Bedford County). although it might have been his son Jonathan the Miller. Franklin County. Joseph. Historical Society. near Greencastle. PA. On Aug 29. He then moved in 1762 with his parents to Hagerstown. He may have raised two other children (sons of an unidentified George Hager). He must have lived first in New Jersey. 13.2) and on LDS Film H 12153m. Later. by a Jonathan Hager in the mid-1800s. His Inn became the favorite place for Independence Day celebrations. Most of the records on Johannes state that he immigrated from Hesse Cassel. Feb 25. where his immigrant grandparents died. son of Jonathan 1719)) and wife Maria Magdalena. show that Johannes immigrated around 1762 or 1763 from Hesse Cassell. Heinrich. Feb. they were baptized in the Salem German Reformed Church. He was one of the oldest inhabitants of Hagerstown. A year or so later. He then moved in 1782 to Chambersburg and Antrim Township. where several of his children were born. It is not known just when he immigrated. per records of Washington Co. by Mary Vernon Mish (Gc 929.1823: "Hagerstown. From the Franklin Republican (Franklin Co. Jonathan returned to Hagerstown in 1796-1798 to open a tavern called the “Fountain Inn”. Conococheague District." 4 . Washington Co. Jonathan Hager Sr. he and his family moved to near Berlin. It is also possible that he might have been born in New Jersey to his immigrant parents. His family history is recorded in some detail in Jonathan Hager. on the Public Square. Charles W. Jonathan Jr was later to become known as Jonathan the Miller in Hagerstown. The name was later changed to "Jonathan Hager's Tavern". PA. Jacob. the immigration would have to have taken place after 1749.) JOHANNES HAUGER (1749-1813) (Jonathan. but are silent about his parents or the date of his immigration. around 1795. Jacob) The records of the Washington County Historical Society in Hagerstown. Henry. Maryland. where several more children were born: Simon. PA). after which he was in Somerset County. Jacob was born in Hagerstown. TX 76053: "Property records show that he was in Chambersburg and surroundings from 1783 to about 1794. MD: Johannes Jr. MD. and Lizzie. Jacob Hager b 1779 and John Hager b 1783. Hurst. Hager). the others in Chambersburg. Per Beverly Hager (Mrs. Pennsylvania (some 50 miles west of Chambersburg). Pennsylvania. and Josiah Daniel. 4832 Wedgview Dr. he bought land from Jonathan Hager (b 1755. Barbara.Jonathan. he moved to Chambersburg to learn the tavern business." (There were several land purchases in Franklin Co. MD. William Henry. southeast of Chambersburg and close to the PA/MD border. 1780. Died on Sunday night last in his 71st yr. His brother Johannes (1749) was in Chambersburg operating a tailor shop during that same period of time. that Jonathan has not been identified. For him to have been born in Germany. Germany. He and his son George were shown as merchants in Hagerstown in 1805 and 1815. facing the Court House. Founder.
but was never heard of again. Another report from Mrs. Sept 23. On March 31." Although his name was spelled Hager in that book. Lepore states he purchased 300 acres of land on Muddy Run. He then purchased on Sept. m. Barbara Hay. per Mrs. too? History of the Hauger Family. William. Her father was scalped and killed by the Indians [in about 1756. Maria Barbara Miller. m. husband of Maria Barbara Miller. 1749. then to Hagerstown. Chambersburg. a Dunham. when he was 13 years of age. but doesn't tie the line in with the other NJ and MD Hagers: "John Hauger. Susan Cramer. John Hager purchased from Henry Sites 10 acres of land in Antrim Twp. (appx 1900).. Pennsylvania. PA. 170. and then to Bedford County (now Somerset). Dec 6. Somerset Co. Lizzie m. 1862. Michel Cober. on the waters of Muddy Run.. for 100 pounds. John Hauger was shown on the Franklin County tax lists in Antrim Township for 1788 through 1794. (he) and his wife are buried in the old German Reformed Church burial ground in Berlin.. on April 19 1783. not a farm.. Jacob. Maggie Smith. b. PA. states that he purchased the old homestead "near Berlin now occupied by Mr. PA. Barbara Horner. Sarah Buckley. MD to be near relatives. d. (Johannes) is the great-great grandfather of most of the Hagers in Somerset County today. He married Maria Barbara Miller. MD. Originally. His parents came from Prussia to Phil. he purchased for 295 pounds a large section of land in Hamilton Twp.. on Nov. 1749.John Hauger. on Queen St. 1 1784 for 200 pounds a large section of land in Hamilton Twp. first. probably for a house or tailor shop. Shortly thereafter. S. Early Germans of New Jersey. He moved from NJ to Hagerstown. MD to Somerset Co. He also purchased Lot 121 (location in Chambersburg not stated). John's children were: John. m. Daniel m. Bruce Hauger. has following notes: "John Hauger was born in Prussia in 1749. Henry. b. History of Somerset County. 1793 (then Bedford). A. Franklin Co. Elizabeth Knepper. m. purchased Lot 170 in Ben Chamber's Plan. came from Hagerstown. Hannah Schultz. and his name was spelled Hauger. having gone there to learn the tavern keeping trade. he and Barbara sold Lot No. from William and Isabel Cowan of Hamilton Twp. when they were finally exchanged in Philadelphia in return for an Indian chief held by the whites. second. b. his son Henry is buried on a farm near Beechdale. Franklin Co. She and a brother were captured and held for 7-10 5 .. to George Clinghan of Chambersburg. and herself and one brother held captives by the Indians for eight years. Susan Baker. 18 1784. m. from William McClure. On June 15 1785. from John Trees and wife Hannah. in Chambersburg. Her brother liked the Indian life and returned to the Indians. by D. John Hager was married to a lady named Barbara Miller. Barbara. June 4. PA. Franklin Co. d. Franklin Co. shows the following addendum to the section on the Hager family of NJ. A. 1785.. PA. 1788. Simon m. It is noted that his brother Jonathan "Tavernkeeper" Hager b 1852 was in Franklin County at the same time. on Queen St. 1813. This farm has been in the Hauger name ever since that time. Hager. PA. Lepore]. PA. 1826. Maria Barbara Miller was possibly from Berks County. the family settled in the eastern part of Pennsylvania . Her home and entire family were destroyed by the Indians. m. May 11. d. Chicago. Joseph m." Was there a Jonathan.
. His gravestone in the German Reformed Cemetery in Berlin.cgi?db=brobst http://genforum. PA militia. Brothers Valley Township. is inscribed "Hager".rootsweb.net/tarie2/hauger. 1 female >45. John bought land in Somerset County Jan 4.com/~quick/index/ind2020 http://www. He had a son. also called the Old Rodamer Farm Cemetery. (Elsewhere in the records. These transactions were signed. Somerset County. There are several internet websites which deal with the Hauger family. The brother went back to live with the Indians after their release. These include: http://freepages. Ladick's Company in Berks County. He settled on a farm at Beachdale about 3 miles east of Berlin. 2 males >15 .<25. at the Hauger Church and next to a farm owned by Scott Snyder and occupied by Adam Snyder about 1/4 mile from Rockwood. 3 males >10 <15.home. and disappeared. he sold land to Wm. Oct 1 -Oct 17. his dates are given as Oct 22.com/users/h/a/u/Robert-A-Hauger/ http://worldconnect. None of his family is shown in the 1820 census in Somerset Co. The reunion is normally held on the last Saturday of June. and 1 male >45. and died in Somerset County.) Another source states that John Hager came from Antrim Twp. not "Hauger".genealogy. In 1784-85. McClure and Jacob Whitmer. Franklin County. The 1836 date appears to be the accurate one. PA.com/hauger/ There is a Hauger Family Reunion every year in Berlin. He bought land in Franklin County between 1783 and 1792 from John Ferees. 1794. Pennsylvania (Brothers Valley Township). 1781. Brothers Valley Township. in 1796 and 1800. Somerset Co. http://familytreemaker.members. 1773-May 11. with 1 male <10. Oct 22. in Brothers Valley Township. 1772.rootsweb. 1836.A John Hager (Hauger) served in the Revolution. "John and Barbara Hauger". Berlin. Wm. There is another Hauger Burial Ground with 224 graves situated in Black Twp. and Henry Sites. John Hager. Pennsylvania May 3.com/cgi-bin/igm. b.genealogy. PA directly to Somerset County. He was shown in the 1800 census in Somerset Co. 1826.years." From the New Jersey Archives . THE HAGER FAMILY NAME 6 . There is a Hauger Family Cemetery in Brothers Valley Township. Another source states that John Hager served as a soldier in Cpt. Somerset Co." He was shown on the tax list for Somerset Co. Their mother and a baby were also captured.htm..genealogy. PA. Cowan.
Comments that they came from Prussia appear to be incorrect. called “Vierherren”. Haeger. depending on which report one reads. There is an annual Hauger family reunion in Somerset County. it seems more accepted that the German name was most likely Haeger. and many of his descendants are known as Hagers. the name was once again Hauger. was the Heger. Jonathan. to Hager. Maryland. and one of the Vierherren. the name Heger was the one most associated with the American Hager families. the representative of the Count or Graf. In 1906. “The Heger family is of old Saxon origin. and depending on how one pronounces the name. Many Hauger children became Hagers. Heger. The original German name appears to have been either Haeger or Heger. the founder of Hagerstown (1719). had Siegen roots. shows his name as Hager. and his family’s name. he apparently changed his name. Williams. about 1781.Hager. Pennsylvania. Hesse-Cassell is identified as the specific region. it has been asserted that Hesse-Cassell is not in Prussia. When Jonathan Hauger moved from New Jersey to Hagerstown. They are all apparently the same German name.” It appears most likely that the American Hager/Hauger families had their roots in the Nassau-Siegen area of Germany. The “Heger” was one of the “sworn and knowing freemen”. was called “Die Hegung”. The Hauger name appeared in New Jersey with the immigration of Jacob and Anna Maria Hauger in the mid 1700s. Maryland. with the publication of A History of Washington County. His gravestone in Somerset County. and court of justice combined. the very name denotes its source and its antiquity. Hauger. The names Hager and Hauger have now become quite interchangeable in the genealogical records. 1906. holding the Folkkmoete or Thing. and perhaps our Johannes (1749) and Jonathan (1752) did also. was called Heger. when holding coure. 7 . divine-service. afterwards. WHERE DID THEY COME FROM? In A History of Washington County. who had to look to it that no uninitiated person overstepped the boundaries of the square. Pennsylvania. C. the name Heger is discussed. which was legislature. When Johannes Hager (1749) moved to Chambersburg. on which sat or stood the officers. Today. The mystic-square of the Thing. by Thomas J. but that name appears to be the same as the German Haeger.
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