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When water freezes. 32° Fahrenheit. 212° Fahrenheit. lakes. Liquid water It is wet and fluid. its molecules move farther apart. making ice less dense than water. As some of the water vapor cools. transparent. At sea level.Water A colorless. A water molecule has three atoms: two hydrogen (H) atoms and one oxygen (O) atom. Water freezes at 0° Celsius. .When these three atoms come together. Solid water Ice is frozen water. steam is formed at 100° Celsius. we see it as a small cloud called steam. like oxygen or hydrogen. rivers. Water as a gas Vapor is always present in the air around us. liquid. We use liquid water in many ways. This is the form of water with which we are most familiar. What three form that Water can take? Water can occur in three states: solid (ice). Everything is made of atoms. That's why water is sometimes referred to as H2O. An atom is the smallest particle of an element. The strength of this bond keeps a water molecule together for millions and even billions of years. This means that ice will be lighter than the same volume of water. and so ice will float in water. When you boil water. You cannot see it. Atoms join together to form molecules. the water changes from a liquid to a gas or water vapor. including washing and drinking. they form a strong bond that is difficult to break. This cloud of steam is a mini version of the clouds we see in the sky. odorless. tasteless liquid that forms the seas. or gas (vapor). and rain.
water moves from the earth to the air to the earth again. http://www.org/kidsdnn/Portals/5/story_of_water/html/hydrocyc le. It also percolates or moves downward through openings in the soil to replenish aquifers under the ground. This repeats again and again in a never-ending cycle. These areas are usually close to oceans or large bodies of water that allow more water to evaporate and form clouds. Water keeps moving and changing from a solid to a liquid to a gas.The Hydrologic Cycle or The water cycle or hydrologic is a continuous cycle where water evaporates. It changes from solid to liquid to gas. over and over again. the water vapor condenses to form precipitation and freezes. Because of the water cycle. As clouds move up and over mountains. Some places receive more precipitation than others do. Other areas receive less precipitation. . Often these areas are far from water or near mountains.Would you believe that a dinosaur could have once used your last drink of water? Water on earth today has been here for millions of years.drinktap.htm . falls down to earth as precipitation. travels into the air and becomes part of a cloud. Precipitation creates runoff that travels over the ground surface and helps to fill lakes and rivers. and then evaporates again. over and over again. Snow falls on the peaks.
Water can be saved in two ways: a. pump it. however. Even if you live in an area with ample rainfall. iii. Although the salt can be removed. Externally Following are the ways in which we can save water externally: . washing your hands. it is limited and scarce in many places. doing dishes. This ice is fresh water and could be melted. Here are some ways to save water. washing machines or dish washing on the garden. shaving. Install low-flow shower heads and faucets or faucet aerators. pump it. Internally: Internally means the indoor prevention of water from improper use. it is too far away from where people live to be usable. heating and cooling. using water uses energy to process it. transportation. Ninety-seven percent of the water on the earth is salt water. Less than 1% of all the water on earth is fresh water that we can actually use. Check your plumbing for leaks. Internally b. and so on Use waste water or gray water from the bath. Turn the faucet/tap off while you are brushing your teeth. and process it again. Salt water is filled with salt and other minerals. We use this small amount of water for drinking. Two percent of the water on earth is glacier ice at the North and South Poles. Install a water meter. Following are the ways in which we can save water internally: i. heat it. How to Save Water Water is a finite natural resource that must be conserved. b.Water on Earth About 70% of the earth’s surface is covered with water. and many other purposes. especially leaking toilets and faucets. Externally a. industry. ii. and humans cannot drink this water. v. it is a difficult and expensive process. iv.
vii. ii. vii. Grow plants with like water needs together. v. Promote water conservation in community newsletters. iv. General Water Saving Tips i. Create an awareness of the need for water conservation among children. which may be in effect in your area. iii. And every person can make a difference. Patronize businesses which practice and promote water conservation. Plant small trees under big trees. Water the garden and lawn at night. lawn or garden. errant sprinklers. ii. This will enable you to reuse waste water from washing to water the lawn or garden. Don't worry if it is minimal. Avoid the purchase of recreational water toys that require a constant stream of water. open hydrants. Report all significant water losses (broken pipes. vi. Use environmentally friendly cleansers. etc. Conserve water because it is the right thing to do. vi. Try to do one thing each day that will result in a savings of water. Report abandoned free-flowing wells to the water management district. Every drop counts. viii. . Support projects that will lead to an increased use of reclaimed wastewater for irrigation and other uses. Water deeply but less often. Encourage your friends and neighbors to be part of a water-conscious community. on bulletin boards and by example. Don't waste water just because someone else is footing the bill such as when you are staying at a hotel. iv. v.i. iii. Encourage your school system and local government to help develop and promote a water conservation ethic among children and adults. Use it for watering your plants.) to the property owner or local authorities. Water only the areas that need it. ix. Catch the rain. Be aware of and follow all water-conservation and water-shortage rules and restrictions.
Eventually all the water across the entire surface of our planet would freeze. Some organisms are made up of 95% water. This water makes up a majority of most organisms. meaning that other substances regularly and easily dissolve into it. the earth would look like the moon. Critical Thinking Imagine what would happen if water became more dense? It would sink. Fun Facts Without water. making the processes of life possible. a superb solvent. while almost all are more than half water. and is a critical component. making life impossible. The value of water can be predominantly measured from the followings: the only substance on Earth that is in liquid form at the temperatures commonly found on the surface of our planet. Possess the unique property of expanding as it freezes.Value of Water Some of the Earth’s water supply is temporarily locked up within the many life forms found across the Earth’s biosphere. . allowing another layer of water to freeze.
Be careful to water only the lawn and not the sidewalk or street. and 90% of our lungs. 65 gallons wasted per month. . A five-minute shower takes 10 to 25 gallons of water. People can live several weeks without food. Keep a pitcher of water in the refrigerator. Overall. and 788 gallons wasted per year! Keep showers to 5 minutes or less in length. 15 drips per minute add up to almost 3 gallons of water wasted per day. our bodies are 70% water. A faucet with even a slow drip takes 10 to 25 gallons of water. We should drink six to eight glasses of water each day! Water makes up 83% of our blood. a pineapple. but only a few days without water. Use a broom to sweep your driveway. Just think. All living things need water to live. be sure to turn it off when you are finished. A tomato is about 95% water. Water your lawn in the evening or in the early morning to avoid evaporation. Don't leave water running. or sidewalk instead of using water. Use water only when you need it. Conservation Tips Check household faucets for leaks. and an ear of corn are each 80% water. garage. An apple. Then you won't have to run tap water to cool it. 70% of our brain. Use a bucket of water to wash your bike or the family car and rinse quickly with a hose.
Regular water consumption prevents urinary infection. There are certain things which only water can provide and these are: Water can be used as a renewable resource to create power and energy. Water is known to hydrate the system well thus giving glow and shine to the skin. bladder cancer by 50% and even the risk of breast cancer. Regular water intake has known to reduce all major skin problems including acne and even blemishes caused due to acne. . Drinking heaps of water helps in maintaining the elasticity of the skin thus helps one to look young and fresh always. Water can cure all kidney related problem if diagnosed in the early stages. Water is the only product that can be consumed without any restrictions. Water frequently helps clean the bladder and thus maintain the system without any major trouble. Water prevents the formation of stones in kidney. Have you ever heard anyone say don’t drink excess water? The word ‘excess’ does not hold good when it comes to water. Drinking 8 glasses of water everyday can reduce the risk of colon cancer by 45%.Advantages of Water Water being available almost everywhere around us gets neglected by most of us. the more you take the more you are benefited.
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