Programme for Workers’ Activities
International Training Centre of the ILO- Turin, Italy

Federation of Trade Unions-Burma

Federation of Trade Unions-Burma

pD;yGm;a&;vkyif ef}uD;rsm;tqifw
h iG f aqG;aEG;nSEd id_ ;f jcif;/ pkaygi;f nSEd id_ ;f ta&;qdjk cif;rsm;
f rm;or*~rsm;vkyaf qmif&rnfh udp&P yfrsm;

Programme for Workers’ Activities
International Training Centre of the ILO- Turin, Italy

Federation of Trade Unions-Burma

FoA and Collective Bargaining – Enabling Conditions for
Decent work 
Pre- requisite for promoting democratic & harmonious labour relations- address power
imbalance between K & L 

Voice, representation & participation- to reach mutually agreeable solutions while
respecting each others needs. 

Role in economic development –promotes sharing in growth, improves workers
purchasing power & thereby widens domestic markets and demand – putting money in
workers pockets will help growth

Federation of Trade Unions-Burma

f u
d mQ &Sad om tvky[
f q
k &dkf mwGif vkyif ef;cGif twGi;f Y vGwv
f yf pGmtoif;tyif;
zGJ@pnf;cGiEfh iS fh pkaygi;f nSEd i_d ;f ta&;qdyk ikd cf iG fh &S&d rnf? 
dk a&pDenf;us+yD;vdu
k zf ufnaD om
a&;twGuf vdt
k yfcsurf sm;

tvky&f Si-f

f rm;qufqaH &;rsm;

wk;d wwf

- tvky&f iS -f tvkyo
f rm;tm%mnDr#rr_ &Sjd cif;udk aqG;aEG;ay;jcif;? 
ESpOf ;D ESpb
f uf vdt
k yfcsurf sm;udk tjyeftvSeaf v;pm;+yD; oifah v#mrf eS u
f efr&_ adS omtajz rsm;
d mEkid af pa&;twGuf tvkyf&iS -f tvkyo
f rm;wdk@taejzifh rdrd wd@k &J@ (toH/ qEN) udak zmfxw
k +f yD;/
k pf m;jyKr_/ yl;aygi;f aqmif&u
G rf r_ sm; vkyaf qmif&rnf? 
pD;yGm;a&;zGH@jzKd;wk;d wwfa&;u¾(wd;k wwfry_ rdk jdk yef@ymG ;vmjcif;/vkyftm;0,f,rl r_ sm;jym;vm
jynfwiG ;f aps;uGuv
f yk t
f m;ESifh 0,fvt
dk m;csJ@xiG v
f mjcif;)


- tvkyf&iS rf sm;taejzifh tvkyo
f rm;rsm;udk aiGx;dk ay;jcif;tm;jzifh pD;yGm;a&;wd;k wwf r_ukd
taxmuftulay;Ekid yf gonf?
Federation of Trade Unions-Burma

So, what is Collective Bargaining Agreement? 
Image v/s concept 
CBAs is like a “constitution” for a company
-It is not (or should not be) a mere document for just getting some wage rise BUT a
document of rights & obligations of parties to the agreement- a mean to ensure
that union has right to company information 
So- need for union vision- for the Company, workers-then a strategy and actions
to achieve that vision

Federation of Trade Unions-Burma

pkaygi;f ta&;qdjk cif;oabmwlncD suq
f o
kd nfrmS tb,fenf;? 
image v/s concept (ud,
k pf m;jyKr_EiS fh oabmw&m;) 
CBAs is like a “constitution” for a company
pkaygi;f ta&;qkjd cif;
h dk@jzpfonf?

oabmwlncD suo
f nf

` w
D pfcktwGuzf @JG pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'

,if;oabmwlncD suo
f nf vkyftm;cwk;d jrSi&fh &Sad &;twGuo
f ma&;qGx
J m;jcif;r[kwf bJ
tcGifhta&;rsm;/ vdu
k ef mapmifx
h ed ;f &rnfh pnf;urf;rsm;udk a&;qGx
J m;jcif; jzpfonf?
vkyif ef;cGit
f wGi;f udp&P yfrsm;udk tvky&f iS f- tvkyo
f rm;ESpOf ;D oabmwl qH;k jzwfcsujf zifh
J m;jcif;jzpfonf?
tvky&f iS -f
f rm;wkd@.
&nfreS ;f csuf
jynh0f apEkid &f eftwGuf
k yfaomowif;tcsuftvufrsm;
pkpnf;ydik cf iG u
fh dk
vnf;tmrcHay;zdk@twGuf a&;qGx
J m;jcif;jzpfonf? xdk@tjyif tvky&f Si-f tvkyf orm;wdk@.
&nfreS ;f csurf sm;
jynh0f atmifjrifEikd af &;enf;AsL[mESifh
vkyif ef;v_y&f mS ;r_
rsm;udak &;qGx
J m;jcif;vnf;jzpfonf?
Federation of Trade Unions-Burma

Pre-requisites for CB 
ATITUDE OF EMPLOYERS & UNIONS- Enlightened Self Interest 
GOOD FAITH= fair practices

Federation of Trade Unions-Burma

pkaygi;f ta&;qd&k eftwGuf }udKwifvyk af qmifxm;&rnft
h csurf sm; 
puf&/kH tvky&f t
kH wGi;f uef@owfcsurf &So
d nfh tvky&f iS f –tvkyo
f rm; qufqaH &;ESihf ywfowfI
xda&mufpmG vkyaf qmifEikd &f ef oifah wmfaomyHpk H wckowfrw
S x
f m;jcif; 
pk&;kH ydik cf iG fh ESifh pkaygi;f ta&;qkyd idk cf iG &fh jSd cif; 
f pfcidk rf m+yD; wnfwcHh idk +f rJr&_ aSd om tvkyo
f rm;or*~rsm; zG@J pnf;jcif; 
f rm;or*~rsm;udk todtrSwjf yKay;jcif; 
tvky&f iS -f tvkyo
f rm;rsm;. vdck siq
f EN tusK;d pD;yGm;udk aocsmpGmod&x
dS m;jcif; 
&k;d om;pGm,H=k unfcsuEf iS fh w&m;r#waom vkyaf qmifcsuf

Federation of Trade Unions-Burma

Issues dealt by CB 
Traditional issue – wage rates/ pay, working hours& other working conditions,
employment policies, productivity agreement 
New areas: demanding equity in matters relating to work norms, employment levels,
staffing standard, environmental hazards, company management issue such as
outsourcing, sub-contracting clauses, investment policies, management decisions over
diversification, choice of technologies, etc. since all these affect workers employment

Federation of Trade Unions-Burma

pkaygi;f ta&;qdrk _ (CB) rSuidkf w
f ,
G af qmif&u
G af om udp&P yfrsm; 
tpOftqufu jzpfysucf aJh om vkyt
f m;cE_e;f xm;jy\em/ tvkycf sed /f vkyfief;cGif tajctae/
vkyif ef;rl0g'rsm;/ ukex
f w
k v
f yk rf E_ e_ ;f qkid &f m oabmwlncD sujf y\emrsm;? 
xdk@tjyiftopfxyfraH y:vmonfh
tvkyfpnf;urf;csurf sm;/
vkyif ef;u|rf;usirf _
vkyif ef;tqifrh sm;owfrw
S af y;jcif;/
0efxrf;cef@tyfjcif;qkid &f m
S cf surf sm;/
f cd u
dk q
f ;Hk &k;H r_tE mW &m,fupd &P yfrsm;ESifh
w&m;r#wr_&&Sd ef awmif;qdo
k nhaf e&mwGiv
f nf;pkaygi;f ta&;qdjk cif;jzifh ajz&Si;f aqmif&u
G f ay;Ekid yf gonf? 
` jD yifyvkyftm;/ wqifch u
H efx&du
k yf w
k jf ywfvyk jf ci;fupd rP sm;/ &if;ES;D jrSKyfErSH _ rl0g' rsm;/
vkyif ef;cGjJ cm;vkyu
f idk jf cif;wGif pDrcH ef@crGJ _ tqH;k tjzwfrsm;/ vkyif ef;twGuf enf;ynm a&G;cs,jf cif;uJo
h dk@
kH yk if ef;pDrcH ef@crGJ _ udprP sm;wGif w&m;r#wr_&&Sd ef vnf;ajz&Si;f aqmif&u
G af y;Ekid yf gonf?

Federation of Trade Unions-Burma

On what basis do unions negotiate wages? 
wages are set taking into account (generally speaking)- Productivity, company budgets,
inflation rate, economic growth & prospects, rates of unemployment & employment,
labour supply & demand

& collective bargaining 
It is value added and not profits of a company that should form the basic for negotiating
for pay rise. 

What is value added?

Federation of Trade Unions-Burma

h ay:wGif tajccHI vkyt
f m;cta&;udpu
P dk tvkyo
f rm; or*~rsm;tae
jzifah qG;aEG;nSEd id_ ;f =uovJ? 
f m;ctm;
S &f mwGif
f w
k v
f yk rf /_
bwf*sw(f vdt
k yfb¾)/
aiGa=u;azmif;yGrE_ e_ ;f xm;/
pD;yGm;a&;zGH@jzdK;wk;d wwfvmr_EiS fh
}udKwifcef@reS ;f xm;csurf sm;/
f ufrEJh _e;f / tvkyftudik &f SdonfEh e_ ;f / yHyh ;dk ay;Ekid af omvkyt
f m;/ vkyt
f m; vkt
d yf csuw
f dk@udk
h iG ;f pOf;pm;&rnf? 
vkycf vpmwk;d jrSiafh &;twGuf aqG;aEG;nSEd i_d ;f &mwGif xyfqifh wefb;kd ay:wGif jzpfI 4if;tcsuu
f dk
h nf/ puf&w
Hk ck. tjrwftpGe;f udk rqdv
k ?dk 
h efz;dk qdw
k mbmvJ?

Federation of Trade Unions-Burma

Index linking system for pay (inflation compensation)
Belgium: pay and social security benefits linked to CPI

Cyprus: earning are adjusted every 6 months on the basis of CPI changes

Luxembourg: pay, pensions and social security benefits adjusted if CPI rises by

Malta: Cost of living allowance added to the pay, based on inflation over the last 2

India’s Dearness Allowance system

Federation of Trade Unions-Burma

G af eaom n$eu
f ed ;f rsm; (aiGa=u;azmif;yGr_ qkid &f m
f m;cay;onfh pepfEiS fh qufo,
epfema=u;/ avsmaf =u;aiG)
b,fv*f s,
D EH ikd if HwiG f vkyt
f m;crsm;/ vlrz_ v
l aHk &;cHpm;cGifh onf
f nf?


(pm;oH;k ol aps;n$e;f ude;f ) ESifh

k yf &yfpEf ikd if w
H Gif pDyDtdk ajymif;vJrt
_ ajccHtay:wGif rlwnfI 6v wpf}udrf vkyftm;c/ 0ifaiGun
dk I
S o
f nf?
vlZifbwfEikd if w
H Gif vkyt
f m;c/ yifpifvpmESifh vlrz_ v
l aHk &; cHpm;cGirfh sm;udk pDyt
D ikd f 2Œ5 &mcdik f
E_e;f jrifw
h wfvmv#if nSEd i_d ;f owfrw
S o
f nf?
f mEkid if w
H iG f vGecf o
J nhf 2vwmumvwGif aiGa=u;azmif;yGvmygu rlvvpmwGif &Sm; yg;p&dwf
axmufyaHh =u;aiGrsm;udk xyfavmif;jznhpf w
G o
f nf?
Nd Ekid if w
H iG f pDyt
D ikd t
f ay:wGif tajccHI 6v wpf}udrf &Sm;yg;p&dwaf xmufyahH iGukd xyf
avmif;jznfph w
G af y;onf?
Federation of Trade Unions-Burma

Negotiation Productivity linked wage Agreements
• Productivity v/s Worker Intensity

• Productivity does not only mean increasing only working time; it can also mean
finding ways to produce more output within the same time or same output within
lesser time thru –
• Technological improvement
• Methods & Systems improvement
• Line balancing

Federation of Trade Unions-Burma

f m;c oabmwlncD surf sm;onf ukex
f w
k v
f yk rf t
_ ay:wGif aqG;aEG;nSEd i_d ;f jcif;ESifh
G f
• ukex
f w
k v
f yk rf E_ iS fh tvkyv
f yk Ef ikd pf rG ;f tm;
• ukex
f w
k v
f yk rf j_ rSiw
fh ifa&;twGuf tvkycf sed u
f dk wd;k jrSi&fh jkH zifh r&yg? vkyfcsed fw;dk jrSipfh &m rvdb
k J
wlnaD omtvkyfcsed Yf odk@r[kwf ydek nf;aom tvkycf sed w
f iG f ukex
f w
k v
f yk rf j_ rifhrm; apa&;twGuf
enf;ynmrsm;. vkyef nf;/ vky[
f efEiS fh pepfrsm;/ [efcsun
f v
D yk af qmifcsuf rsm;udk toH;k jyKI
enf;vrf;aumif;rsm; &SmazG&rnfjzpfygonf?
• Line balancingqdo
k nfrmS

pm;oH;k ovkt
d yfonhf ukex
f w
k v
f yk rf _twGuf tvkyform; wdik ;f onf
wlnaD om tvkyyf rm%ud-k apmifq
h ikd ;f +yD; vkypf &m vnf;rvd/k 0efxw
k 0f efydk;vnf; rvdb
k J –
tqifajyacsmarG@pmG jzifh [efcsun
f D twlwl vkyaf qmifonhf pepfjzpfonf?

Federation of Trade Unions-Burma

Typical problem within the company
• Out date and rigid work norms
• Restrictive and narrow job description
• Too many non value adding actives
• Idle manpower on one hand & high incidents of overtime on other hand
• Maladjusted production schedule
• Shortages of critical items on one hand & growing inventory on the other hand
• Unbalanced work load and bottlenecks
• Break- downs
• Rejection and reworks
• absenteeism and labour turn over
• Lack of accountability
• Discontent, low morale
• Mismatch between authority and responsibilities
Federation of Trade Unions-Burma

kH pfct
k wGi;f jzpfavhjzpfx&Sad om jy\
- acwfEiS fh udu
k n
f rD r_ &Sad wmhbJ ajymif;vJ&efcufaom tvkypf nf;urf;rsm;
- wif;usy+f yD; uef@owfxm;aom vkyif ef;azmfjycsurf sm;
- wefz;dk rJv
h yk af qmifcsurf sm;vGejf cif;
- wbufwu
G f tvkyrf jzpfaom vltiftm;ESifh tjcm;wpfbufwiG f tcsed yf rdk sm; tqrwefvyk af y;&jcif;
- wnf+idrrf r_ &Sad om ukex
f w
k v
f yk rf t
_ pDtpOf
- wbufwiG f xkwv
f yk rf t
_ wGuf ta&;ygaom ukeyf pPn;f trsK;d tpm; jywfvwfI tjcm;wpfbufwiG f
vufuseyf pPn;f rsm;jym;vmjcif;
- tqrwefrsm;jym;onhf tvkyrf sm;vkyaf qmif&ef [efcsurf nDaom vkyif ef;wm0efay;jcif;ESifh
f yk u
f ikd &f mwGif - uef@owfyw
d yf ifxm;jcif;rsm;
- puf&yfjcif;/ pufysujf cif;
- xGuu
f ek rf sm;tqifrh rSjD cif;/ jyefvyk &f jcif;
- vkyt
f m;vnfywfrr_ &Sjd cif;
- wm0efcrH u
_ if;rJjh cif;
- vkyif ef;cGit
f wGi;f pdwaf ysm&f i$ rf r_ &Sjd cif;/ rdru
d ,
dk u
f kd ,H=k unfra_ vsmeh nf;vmjcif;
- vkyyf idk cf iG Efh iS fh wm0efcaH qmif&u
G rf _ a&S@aemufrnDjcif;
Federation of Trade Unions-Burma

Considerations before signing productivity agreement
• Work intensity differs from worker to worker, from dept to dept, some workers put in 5-6
hours of effective working time, some work for 7or 8 houses- When management asks for
20 % higher production- Workers working for less hours have no problem but those who already put in 8 hours at
work, their workload increases intolerably
- management demand for 20% increase is based on the highest working time- which
means that workers as a whole end up giving much more while being paid for only 20%

• need for work study & line balancing to bring down overloaded workers while bringing
up under load workers.

Federation of Trade Unions-Burma

f w
k v
f yk rf q
_ ikd &f m oavmwlncD suv
f ufrw
S rf a&;xd;k rD xnfo
h iG ;f pOf;pm;&rnhf
tcsurf sm;
• tvkyo
f rm;wOD;ESifh

f yk Ef idk pf rG ;f onf rwlnyD g? XmewckEiS w
hf pfcv
k nf;rwlnyD g?
f w
k fv
f yk f r_20&mcdik Ef e_ ;f wd;k jrifv
h yk af qmif&efvt
dk yfonfhtcg tcsKd@tvkyo
f rm;rsm;onf tvkyfcsed f
5em&DrS 6em&DtwGi;f vkyftm;ukd tjynhx
f nfv
h yk +f yD; tcsKd@tvkyform;rsm;rSm 7em&DrS
8em&Dtxdvyk Ef idk yf gonf?
- tvkycf sed ef nf;enf;omvky&f aom tvkyo
f rm;rsm;wGif jy\emr&Sad omfvnf; tvkycf sed frsm; aom
f rm;rsm;wGit
f iftm;ESifh rr#onhf tvky0f efyjd cif;rsm; wqxufwq rsm;jym;vm onf?
f w
k v
f yk rf 2_ 0&mcdik Ef e_ ;f wd;k jrSiv
fh yk af qmif&ef vdt
k yfonfhtcg tvkycf sed o
f nfvnf;rsm;jym;vm
- tvky0f efyad eaom tvkyo
f rm;rsm;udk tvkyo
f ufomap&eftvkyef nf;aomtvkyo
f rm;ukd wm0ef
ydak y;&eftwGuf vkyif ef;udk avhvmI [efcsun
f aSd y;&efvt
dk yf
Federation of Trade Unions-Burma

What should Union do?
Before productivity linked linked wage agreement can singed, Union should
• Work Study – systematic examination of the methods & time taken for carrying
out activities at work place so as to improve use of resources (human, machine,
material ) & set up performance standardsJoint participation of union & management required in this process

Note: It is not only labour but also machine & methods productivity that needs to be
looked into.

Federation of Trade Unions-Burma

f rm;
Jh dk@vyk af qmifoifo
h enf;
rm;or*~taejzihf rnfuo
f w
k v
f yk rf E_ iS fh qufE,
G af omvkyt
f m;c oabmwlncD suf vufrw
S rf a&;xd;k rD atmufygt csuw
f kd@udk
f rm;or*~taejzihf awmif;qko
d ifo
h nf?
- vkyif ef;cGiaf vhvmjcif;?
? t&if;tjrpf(vl/ pufypPn;f / uke=f urf;ypPn;f rsm;) udk toH;k jyKr_
wd;k wwfr&_ v
Sd mapa&;twGuf vkyfenf;vky[
f efrsm;ESifh vkyif ef;cGiYf tcsed af y;vkyaf qmifjcif;udk pepfwus
ppfaq;jcif;ESifh pHcsed pf n
H $e;f rsm;udk owfrw
S &f ef?
Tvkyif ef;pOfwiG f tvkyo
f rm;or*~ ESifh tvky&f iS f wGzJ ufyg0if&ef?
rSwcf su?f ? vkyt
f m;c omru pufypPn;f / ukex
f w
k v
f yk rf _enf;pepfuv
dk nf;ppfaq;&efvnf; vdt
k yf

Federation of Trade Unions-Burma

What study should aim at –
• Simplifying or modifying the methods of operation
• Reduce unnecessary or excess work, reduce ineffective time spent by workers in
doing things due to poor design, layout of the workplace or in material handling, etc
• Stop wasteful use of resources
• Contribute to industrial; safety by identifying hazardous work and developing
safer methods
• Cut down the time for performing certain activities after introducing system &
methods improvement & line balancing.
work study includes not only labour but also period required to recover from

Federation of Trade Unions-Burma

vkyif ef;cGif avhvmjcif;
- vkyif ef;taumiftxnfaqmif&u
G jf cif;udk &k;d &d;k ESifh &Si;f &Si;f jzpfatmifvyk jf cif; odk@r[kwf jyKjyif ay;jcif;
k m;tyfaom tvky/f tydktvkyrf sm;udk av#mch sjcif;/ vkyif ef;cGif odk@r[kwf uke=f urf; ypPn;f xm;&Sdr_
'DZidk ;f yHpk Htxm;todk raumif;onht
f wGuaf =umihf tvkyo
f rm;rsm; tvkyv
f yk &f mwGif tusK;d
rjzpfxeG ;f aom tvkycf sed rf sm;udk avsmch sjcif;/
-t&if;tjrpfo;Hk pG&J mwGif jzKef;wD;jcif;rsm;ud &yfwef@apjcif;
-tE mW &m,f&aSd om
tvkyrf sm;ukd
cGjJ cm;owfrw
S x
f m;+yD;
vkyif ef;cGiftwGi;f
G af y;jcif;/ ydrk v
dk jHk cHKpdwcf s&aom en;penf;rsm;zGH@jzdK;vmatmif aqmif&u
G af y;jcif;/


- vkyif ef;enf;pepfrsm;ESifh [efcsufnv
D yk af qmifjcif;udk oif=um;ay;+yD;aemufwiG f tcsKd@aomvkyif ef; rsm;udk
vkyaf p&eftwGut
f csed o
f wfrw
S af y;jcif;
f udik af vhusifh oif=um;
f m;
a&;wGif vkyt
m;omru rrmruse;f jzpfjcif; (yifyef;EGr;f e,fjcif;)rS
f monftxd vdt
k yfaom tcsd
f mvvnf;0ifygonf
tcsed u
work study includes not only labour but also period required to recover from fatigue
Federation of Trade Unions-Burma

Working time in a day
General Norm:
• Out of 480 minutes (8 hour), at best 420 minutes of working time should be there- 60
minutes are set aside for rest, lunch break (half hour) and 2 breaks of 15 minutes each
for tea-coffee, etc

• Out of 420 minutes available for work, following deductions from working time need to
be considered:
- Personal needs allowance
- fatigue allowance- different job stations
- hazard allowance- for certain hazardous job
• down time (disturbance in production cycle due to material not available, machine
break down, etc- record should be kept of this by the workers)

Federation of Trade Unions-Burma

wae@ tvkycf sed f
S x
f m;aom pHEe_ ;f rsm;
• wae@ tvkycf sdef pkpak ygi;f 480 rdepfwiG f trsm;qH;k 420 rdepfonf trSwfwu,f tvkyfvyk f

csed jf zpfoih+f yD; xrif;pm;csed t
f wGuf rdepf 30/ aumfz/D vBu&f nfaomuf em;csed f w}udrv
f #if 15 rdepfjzpf 2
}udrjf zpfoifyh gonf?
• tvkyv
f yk &f eftwGuf &&Sx
d maom rdepf 420 wGit
f vkycf sed frS atmufygtwkid ;f E_w,
f l jl cif;udv
k nf;
h iG ;f pOf;pm;&ef vdt
k yfygonf?
- vly*k K~d vfwOD;csi;f taejzifh axmifyaHh =u;vdt
k yfonf
- yifyef;EGr;f e,fonhf twGuaf xmufyaHh iG- rwlonfh vkyif ef;tajctaeay:wGif rlwnfIuGmjcm; onf
- tE &W m,ftwGuf axmufyaHh =u;- tcsKd@aom tE &W m,frsm;onhf tvkyrf sm;twGuf axmufyHh a=u;aiG
• vkyif ef;vnfywfrr_ &So
d nhu
f mv-uke=f urf;ypPn;f jywfvyfra_ =umifh vkyif ef;vnfywfrl &yfwef@ jcif;/
pufypPn;f csKd@,iG ;f jcif;/ ysujf cif;rsm;udk tvkyo
f rm;rsm;taejzifh rSww
f rf;wifxm;&Sd &rnf?
Federation of Trade Unions-Burma

What should Union negotiate for?
• Issues of interest (thu CB) v/s issues of rights (as per law)
-What is provided for by law- ideally should not be part of CB – employers are expected
to abide by law (MW, rates of OT pay) –CB is for getting more than the law

•Negotiate compensation system & compensation package, not just wages ( some
companies pay more wages, less benefits, or vice versa)- total costs of the
compensation package matter & should be calculated.

•Employment stability v/s wages question.

Federation of Trade Unions-Burma

f rm;or*~rsm;taejzifh rnfonht
f csurf sm;udk aphpyfnESd i_d ;f oifyh govJ
• tusK;d pD;yGm;ESiq
fh ikd af om udp&P yfrsm;/ (CB t&) ESifh tcGit
fh a&;
a&;rsm;ESifh qkid af om udp&P yfrsm; (Oya')

- Oya'u rnfo
h nft
h csurf sm; jznfq
h nf;ay;xm;ovJ ? ,if;onfpak ygi;f ta&;qdik cf iG &fh J@tpdwf
tydik ;f rjzpfoifyh g? tvkyf&iS rf sm;onf Oya'udkvu
kd ef m&rnfjzpfonf? (tedrq
fh Hk;vkyf tm;c/ tcsed yf dk
a=u;E_e;f xm;rsm;) ? pkaygi;f nSEd i_d ;f ta&;qdjk cif;onf Oya'ygtcGit
fh a&;rsm;xufyrdk &dk &Sd ap&ef jzpfygonf?
•epfema=u;/ avsmaf =u;aiGay;onhpf epfuadk qG;aEG;nSEd i_d ;f oifo
h nf?tom;wifvyk ftm;ctwGuf r[kwfyg?
tcsKd@tvky&f rkH sm;onfvyk ftm;c
ydak y;aomfvnf;tusK;dcpH m;cGiefh nf;yg;onfxdk@a=umifh
avsmaf =u;aiGppk ak ygi;f udk aocsmpGm wGucf suo
f iho
f nf?
• tvkyt
f ukid cf ef@xm;r_wnf+idrrf &_ aSd p&ef ESifh vkyt
f m;c jy\emrsm;

Federation of Trade Unions-Burma

Elements of compensation
• Pay for work – 8 hrs of work

• pay for performance-productivity linked component
• pay for time not worked ( paid leave, Sunday, etc)
• Lay off compensation ( for temporary situation- India: 50% of the pay,
lorea:70 )
• Deferred equivalent payment (allowances)
• Health, accident and liability protection
• Company performance bonus

Federation of Trade Unions-Burma

epfema=u;/ avsmaf =u;aiG twGuf tajccHtcsurf sm;
• tvkyv
f yk o
f nhv
f yk t
f m;c – tvkycf sed 8f em&D

• tvkyv
f yk Ef ikd pf rG ;f vkyt
f m;c- ukex
f w
k v
f yk rf E_ iS fh qufE,
G af om vkyt
f m;c
• cGi&fh uf/ we*FaEG tvkyyf w
d &f ufrsm;wGif tvkyv
f yk &f onht
f wGuf ay;onhv
f yk t
f m;c
• tvkyx
f w
k yf pfonfh twGuef pfema=u;
(,m,Dtjzpftysuf tdE,
Nd Ekid if w
H iG v
f yk t
f m;c. 50 &mckid Ef e_ ;f / ud;k &D;,m;wGiv
f yk t
f m;c. 70 &mcdik Ef e_ ;f )
• vkyt
f m;cay;&ef a&$@qidk ;f jcif;
• vkyt
f m;cESifh nDr#aom 0ifaiG(axmufyaHh =u;aiG)
• use;f rma&;/ vkyif ef;cGit
f wGi;f xdcu
dk 'f %f&m&r_EiS fh tumtuG,af y;&ef wm0ef&jSd cif;
` v
D yk t
f m;qka=u;
Federation of Trade Unions-Burma

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.