Using the supervisory system to ensure and protect

works’ rights
Trade Union training for FTUB : Tuesday 13 December 2011
Federation of Trade Unions- Burma
Prudence Mooney
ILO Regional office for Asia and the pacific
Bangkok, Thailand
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Federation of Trade Unions- Burma
Prudence Mooney
ILO Regional office for Asia and the pacific
Bangkok, Thailand
Overview
Regular system of supervision
• Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations
(CEACR)
• ILC tripartite on the application of Conventions and Recommendations (CAS)
Relevant Constitutional provisions
• article 22 (ratified Conventions)
• Article 19 (unratified Conventions)
Federation of Trade Unions- Burma
• Article 19 (unratified Conventions)
Special Procedures
• Representations on the application of ratified Conventions (Articles 24 and 25)
•Complaints over the application of ratified Conventions (articles 26-34)
• Complaints regarding freedom of association- Committee of freedom of association
(CFA)
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Regular system of supervision
COMMITTEE
OF EXPRTS
SENDS DIRECT
REQUEST TO
GOVERNMENT ,
AND EMPLOYERS’
AND WORKERS’
ORGANIZATIONS
GOVERNMENTS
SUBMIT REPORTS
ON RATIFIED
CONVENTIONS
EMPLOYERS
AND WORKERS MAY
COMMENT
TRIPARTITE COMMITTEE
COMMOTTEE
OR
E G W
Federation of Trade Unions- Burma
CONFERENE
DISCUSSES
AND ADOPTS
THE CONFERENCE
COMMOTTEE’S REPORT
IN PLENARY
TRIPARTITE COMMITTEE
AT THE CONFERENCE
DISCUSSES
THE REPORT AND A SELECTION
OF OBSERVATIONS
COMMOTTEE
OF EXPERTS
REVIEWS REPORTS,
COMMENTS
AND RELATED
DOCUMENTS
COMMITTEE
OF EXPERTS
PUBLISHES AN
OBSERVATION
IN ITS
ANNUALREPORT
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CEACR
• Established in 1926
• Composed of 20 eminent jurists appointed by the Governing Body for 3 year
terms
•Experts come from different geographic regions, legal system and cultures
• Role of CEACR is to provide an impartial and evaluation of the state of
application of international labour standards
• CEACR make two kinds of comments: observations and direct requests
Federation of Trade Unions- Burma
• Observations contain comments on fundamental questions raised by the
application of particular Convention by a state
• observations are published in the CEACR annual report
• Direct requests relate to more technical questions or requests for further
information
• Direct requests are not published in the report but are communicated directly to
the governments concerned
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Conference Committee (CAS)
• The Conference Committee (CAS) is a standing committee of the International
labour conference and is made of government, employer and worker delegates
• CAS examines the annual report of the CEAR and selects a number of
observations for discussion
• Governments the subject of discussion are invited to appear before CAS to
provide more information
Federation of Trade Unions- Burma
provide more information
• CAS draws conclusions and offers recommendations to governments to
remedy the problems identified
• The discussions and conclusions of the situations examined by CAS are
published in its report to the Conference
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Representations procedure
REPRESENTATION
BY EMPLOYERS/
OR WORKERS’
IS SUBMITTED
TO ILO
ILO INFORMS
THE GOVERNMENT
CONCERNED
GOVERNING
BODY APPOINTS
OR
GOVERNING
BODY SENDS
TO COMMITTEE
ON FREDOM
OF ASSOCIATION
TRIPARTITE
COMMITTEE ASKS
GOVERNMENT
FOR INFORMATION
GOVERNING
BODY MAKES
FINGINGS,
ADOPTS REPORT,
AND PASSES
CASE TO
Federation of Trade Unions- Burma
CONCERNED
AND SUBMITS
REPRESENTATION
TO GOVERNING
BODY
BODY APPOINTS
TRIPARTITE
COMMITTEE
OR
GOVERNING
BODY DECIDES NOT
TO RECEIVETHE
REPRESENTATION
FOR INFORMATION
AND SUBMITS REPORT
WITH FINEINGS AND
RECOMENDATION
OR
CASE TO
COMMITTEE
OF EXPERTS FOR
FOLLLOW UP
GOVERNING
BODY ASKS FOR A
COMMISSION OF
INQUIRY TO DEAL
WITH THE MATTER
AS A COMPLAINT
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Representations
• Government by articles 24 and 25 of the ILO constitution
• complainant must be an industrial association of employers or workers
• representation may be made against any member State which “has failed to
secure in any respect the effective observance within its jurisdiction of any
convention to which it is a party”
• Government response to representation examined by three- member tripartite
committee of the governing body
Federation of Trade Unions- Burma
• Committee submits report to the governing body which offers recommendations
• Representations concerning the application of conventions 87 and 98 are usually
referred to the Committee on freedom of Association
Myanmar Representation
• The International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTC) made a
representation under article 24 of the ILO Constitution alleging the non-
observance by the government of Myanmar of the Forced labour Convention,
(No.29)
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Complaints procedure
COMMISSION OF INQUIRY
INVESTIGATES COMPLAINT
AND ADOPTS REPORT WITH
RECOMMENDA- TION
MEMBER STATE OR
INTERNATIONAL LABOUR
CONFERENCE
DELEGATE OR GOVERNING
BODY INITIATES
COMPLANINT
GOVERNING BODY MAY
APPOINT A COMMISSION OF
INQUIRY
GOVERNING BODY
FORWARDS COMPLAINTS
CONCERNING TRADE UNION
ILO PUBLISHEW
REPORT
OR
Federation of Trade Unions- Burma
GOVERNING BODY
FORWARDS COMPLAINTS
CONCERNING TRADE UNION
RIGHT TO COMMITTEE ON
FREEDOM O F ASSOCIATION
CONCERNING TRADE UNION
RIGHT TO COMMITTEE ON
FREEDOM O F ASSOCIATION
GOVERNING BODY
NOTES REPORT AND
PASSES CASE TO
COMMITTEE OF EXPERTS
FOR FOLLOW-UP
GOVERNING BODY
MAY TAKE
ACTION
UNDER
ARTICLE 33
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Complaints
• Governed by Articles 26 to 34 of the ILO Constitution
• Complainant may be: another member State which has ratified the same Convention; or ,
a delegate to the international Labour Conference or the Governing Body???
• Governing Body may from a Commission of Inquiry
• COI consists of three independent members who fully investigate complaint
• COI is the ILO’s highest level investigative procedure
• where a member State refuses to fulfill the recommendations of a COI the Governing Body
can take action under Article 33 of the ILO Constitution.
Federation of Trade Unions- Burma
can take action under Article 33 of the ILO Constitution.
Myanmar Complaint
- Article 33 was invoked for the first time by the ILO in 2000, when the Governing Body
asked the international Labour Conference to take measures to lead Myanmar to end the
use of forced labour.
- An Article 26 complaint had been filed against Myanmar in 1996 for violations of the
Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (no.29), and the resulting COI found “widespread and
systematic use” of forced labour in the country
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Committee on Freedom of Association
The Freedom of Association procedure
COMPLAINT IS
SUBMITTEE ON
FREEDOM OF
DIRECT
CONTACTS
MISSION MAY BE
INITIATED
FOLLOW- UP BY
THE COMMITTEE
ON FREEDOM O F
ASSOCIATION
GOVERNING BODY
APPROVES
COMMITTEES’
RECOMMENDATIONS
Federation of Trade Unions- Burma
IF THE GOVERNMENT
HAS RATIFIED
RELEVANT
CONVENTIONS, THE
CASE MAY ALSO BE
REFERRED TO THE
COMMITTEE OF
EXPERTS
FREEDOM OF
ASSOCIATION BY
EMPLOYERS’
OR WORKERS’
ORGANIZATIONS
COMMITTEE REVIEWS COMPLAINT AND
EITHER RECOMMENDS NO
FURTHER ACTION, OR ISSUES
RECOMMENDATIONS
AND REQUESTS GOVERNMENT TO
KEEP IT INFORMED
E G W
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Committee of freedom of Association
• Established in 1951 for the purpose of examining complaints about violations
of freedom of Association whether or not the country concerned had ratified
the relevant Conventions
• CFA is a Governing Body committee and is composed of an independent
chairperson and three representatives each of government, employers, and
workers
• Establishes facts of case with government concerned
Federation of Trade Unions- Burma
• Establishes facts of case with government concerned
• Report of CFA identifies violations and makes recommendations on how to
remedy the situation
• Government reports on recommendation
• Legislative aspects of CFA case may be referred to CEACR
•CFA may also request a “direct contact” mission
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CFA : Myanmar Cases (Overview)
Case No. 2591(2008)
• Complainant: ITUC
• Allegations: Six labour activists were arrest, tried for sedition and
association with the FTUB and handed down extremely harsh prison
sentences after they had tried to organize celebrations and a seminar of
labour issues.
Case No. 2268 (2004- 2008)
Federation of Trade Unions- Burma
• Complainant: ITUC
• Allegations: unclear legislative framework covering freedom of association;
serious discrepancies between legislation and Convention 87; repressive
texts
Case No. 2268 (1994)
• Complainant : ITF
•Allegations : intimidation and abuse of seafarers; non- recognition of SUB
CFA : Myanmar Cases (Overview)
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Federation of Trade Unions- Burma
• ~,.~ ITUC
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Thank You
For more information, please contact:
Federation of Trade Unions- Burma
For more information, please contact:
Prudence Mooney
ILO Regional office for Asia and the pacific
Tel: 662 288 1564, Fax: 662 288 3062
E-mail: mooney@ilo.org
www.ilo.org/asia
.~¸.~ .~ ~ .~¸.~ .~ ~ .~¸.~ .~ ~ .~¸.~ .~ ~
For more information, please contact:
Federation of Trade Unions- Burma
For more information, please contact:
Prudence Mooney
ILO Regional office for Asia and the pacific
Tel: 662 288 1564, Fax: 662 288 3062
E-mail: mooney@ilo.org
www.ilo.org/asia