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International Training Centre of the ILO

1

© International Training Centre of the ILO 2007

Using the Supervisory
Mechanism to Protect Workers’
Rights
Mae Sot, December 2010

© International Training Centre of the ILO 2007

www.itcilo.org

International Training Centre of the ILO

3

© International Training Centre of the ILO 2007

tvkyo
f rm;rsm;.tcGit
fh a&; rsm;tm;
umuG,af pmifah &Smuf&ef }uD;=uyfuyG u
f rJ ,
_ EW&m;udt
k ok;H jyKjcif;
rJaqmuf/ 'DZifbm 2010

ILO supervisory mechanisms

SPECIAL SYSTEMS OF SUPERVISION 
Involve cases of specific allegation of
violations against a Member State
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© International Training Centre of the ILO 2007

REGULAR SYSTEM OF SUPERVISION 
Based on the obligation to report on the
application of each ratified Convention

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txl;}uD;=uyfuyG u
f aJ &; pepf 

5

tzGJ 0h ifEidk if H wck tm;csK;d azmuf r_rsm;udk twdtus
pGypf x
GJ m;onfh tr_upd rP sm; yg0ifonf?

© International Training Centre of the ILO 2007 

Functions of the ILO supervisory bodies

Supervise the respect of ILO Member
States obligations stemming from ILS 
In so doing, clarify the meaning and scope
of ILS provisions 
Through their action, a body of “case law”
has been progressively built up

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© International Training Centre of the ILO 2007 

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tjynfjynfqidk &f mtvkyo
f rm;pHEe_ ;f rsm;rS qif;oufvmaom
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tjynfjynfqidk &f mjyXmef;csurf sm;rStyfEiS ;f xm;onfh qdv
k &dk if; ESifh
twdik ;f twmudk &Si;f vif;rnfjzpfonf
4if;wdk@. aqmif&u
G cf surf S wd;k wufpGgwnfaqmuf +yD;jzpfaom
“tr_qidk &f m Oya'” wck

© International Training Centre of the ILO 2007 

The Regular Supervisory Process
Governments send
reports

Social partners may
comment

1st June – 1st September

INTERNATIONAL LABOUR OFFICE
November

December

COMMITTEE OF EXPERTS ON THE APPLICATION OF
CONVENTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
examines reports, comments and related information

Direct requests
sent to the government and the social
partners in the country concerned

February

Observations
published in the CEACR’ Report

March

TRIPARTITE CONFERENCE COMMITTEE ON THE APPLICATION STANDARDS
examines the CEACR’ Report and discusses a selection of cases
June

INTERNATIONAL LABOUR CONFERENCE
discusses and adopts the Committee’s Report in plenary

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© International Training Centre of the ILO 2007

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tay: t}uHay;jcif;oufqidk &f mEdik if .
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f m;aom tr_upd rP sm;udk aqG;aEG;
tjynfjynfqidk &f mtvkyo
f rm;nDvmcH
rsuEf mS pkn
H t
D pnf;ta0;wGif aumfrwD.tpD&ifcpH mudk aqG;aEG;jcif;ESifh csrw
S jf cif;

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© International Training Centre of the ILO 2007

Ed0k ifbm ESifh
'DZifbm

The Committee of Experts on the Application
of Conventions and Recommendations 

Consists

eminent qualifications in the legal

field 
Appointed by the Governing Body, for a
renewable 3 year term 
Independent, impartial and objectives

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© International Training Centre of the ILO 2007 

With

of 20 persons

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oufwrf;wd;k Edik jf cif; 
vGwv
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k jf cif; ESifh qENa}umih,
f rd ;f ,dik rf _ r&Sjd cif;
© International Training Centre of the ILO 2007 

11

The Conference Committee on the
Application of Standards
of well over 150 members 
From the three groups of delegates
and advisers 
Charged with examination of the
Committee of Experts’ Report and
discussion of selected cases

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© International Training Centre of the ILO 2007 

Consists

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k pf m;vS,rf sm; ESifh t}uHay;yk*K~d vfrsm; 
u|r;f usio
f rl sm;aumfrwD. tpD&ifcpH mudk ppfaq;=um;em+yD;
a&G;cs,af om tr_upd rP sm;udk aqG;aEG;onf

© International Training Centre of the ILO 2007 

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Special systems of supervision

FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION PROCEDURES 
Even if the Convention concerned has not been
ratified

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© International Training Centre of the ILO 2007

REPRESENTATIONS (ART. 24) AND
COMPLAINTS (ART. 26) 
Only when the Convention concerned is ratified

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f aJ &; pepf

© International Training Centre of the ILO 2007

ud,
k pf m;jyKjcif;rsm; (yk'rf 24)
24) ESifh wdik ;f wef;jcif;rsm; (yk'rf 26)
26) 
oufqi
dk &f m jyXmef;csuf twnfjyKr_&+Sd yd;rSomv#if aqmif&u
G Ef idk o
f nf 
vGyv
f yfpmG toif;tyif;zGJ@pnf;jcif; . vkyx
f ;kH vkyef nf;rsm; 
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S af &;xd;k jcif;
r&Sad o;aomfvnf;yJ aqmif&u
G Ef idk o
f nf

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Article 24 Representations
The representation must: 

Emanate from an industrial organization of workers or
employers 

Indicate to what respect the member has not ensured the
effective observance of the Convention within its
jurisdiction
© International Training Centre of the ILO 2007 

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ud,
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tvky&
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jzpf&rnf? 
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udx
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fh ed ;f ay;&ef tmrcHcsuf r&daS o;qdo
k nfudk axmuf
jyay;&rnf?
© International Training Centre of the ILO 2007 

17

The Representation Procedure
Employers’ or
workers’
organization

INTERNATIONAL LABOUR OFFICE
informs the government concerned and submits
the representation to the GB

GOVERNING BODY
decides on receivability and
appoints a Tripartite Committee

COMMITTEE ON
FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION
if the representation
involves trade unions’ rights

GOVERNING BODY
examines the report and adopts it

Decides whether to publish
the representation and any
government reply

Decision communicated to the organization and government concerned

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© International Training Centre of the ILO 2007

TRIPARTITE COMMITTEE
asks the government for information and submits a report with
findings and recommendations

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oufqidk &f mtpd;k &udk ta=umif;=um;I ud,
k pf m;jyKr_udk
tkycf sKyfa&;tzGJ@odk@ wifjyonf/

vGyv
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fh idk &f m aumfrwD

tkycf sKyfa&;tzGJ@
vufcEH idk af om wifjycsuu
f dk qk;H jzwfrj_ yK+yD;
ok;H yGiq
fh idk af umfrwDwckudk cef@tyfonf/

tu,fI ud,
k pf m;jyKr_onf tvkyo
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tcGit
fh a&; rsm;ygv#if

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f dk
ykEH ySd x
f w
k af 0oifh roifu
h dk qk;H jzwfonf/

oufqidk &f m tzGJ@tpnf;/ESifh tpd;k &wdk@ tm; qH;k jzwfcsuu
f dk today;onf
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© International Training Centre of the ILO 2007

tpk;d &xH rS owif;tcsut
f vuf/ awG@&cSd su/f t}uHjyK csuf wdk@jzihf tpD&ifcpH mudk wifoiG ;f &ef awmif;qdo
k nf?

Article 26 Complaints
can file a complaint? 
Any ratifying member State 
The Governing Body ex officio 
One or more delegate to the
Conference (government, employer
or worker delegate)

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© International Training Centre of the ILO 2007 

Who

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f ef;jcif; 

wdik w
f ef;jcif;wckudk b,foal wG wdik =f um;Edik rf mS vJ?  

© International Training Centre of the ILO 2007 

jyXmef;csuu
f dk twnfjyKxm;aom tzGJ@0ifEidk if w
H idk ;f
tkycf sKyfa&;tzGJ@t&m&dcS sKyf
nDvmcHuw
dk ufa&mufaom ud,
k pf m;vS,f wa,muf od@k r[kwf xd@k xufyadk om
ud,
k pf m;vS,rf sm; (tpd;k &/ tvky&f iS f odk@r[kwf tvkyo
f rm;)

21

The Complaint Procedure
Ratifying Member State

International Labour
Conference delegate

Governing Body

GOVERNING BODY
may appoint a Commission of Inquiry

COMMISSION OF INQUIRY
investigates the complaint and prepares a
report with findings and recommendations

Member States must
cooperate with the COI

If the government accepts
the recommendations

COMMITTEE OF EXPERTS
follows up on their implementation

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If the government does not accept
the recommendations

may appeal to the
INTERNATIONAL
COURT OF JUSTICE
for final decision

GOVERNING BODY
may take action
under Art. 33 of
the ILO Constitution

© International Training Centre of the ILO 2007

GOVERNING BODY
moots the report

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wufa&mufaom ud,
k pf m;vS,f

tkycf sKyfa&;tzGJ@

tkycf sKyfa&;tzGJ@
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aqmif&u
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pkpH rf;ppfaq;a&;
aumfrwDEiS t
fh wl
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&rnf/

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Jh #if
aemufq;kH qk;H jzwfcsut
f wGuf
tjynfjynfqidk &f mw&m;pD&ifa&;
ck&H ;kH odk@ t,lc0H ifEidk o
f nf/

tkycf sKyfa&;tzGJ@
tdik t
f ,fvt
f dk
zGJ@pnf;yHk tajccH Oya'.
yk'rf 33 t& ta&;,lEidk o
f nf/

© International Training Centre of the ILO 2007

pkpH rf;ppfaq;a&;aumfrwD   

Send information to the regular supervisory
system
File complaints in case of violation of ratified
conventions or of freedom of association
principles
Follow up the comments and recommendations
of the supervisory bodies at the national and
international level
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© International Training Centre of the ILO 2007

Role of the unions:

tvkyo
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ykrH eS }f uD;=uyfuyG u
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f vufay;ydk@onf/
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vGyv
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dS sif wdik cf suzf iG o
fh nf?
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H ;Hk qdik &f m tqifw
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f aJ &;tzGJ@rsm;.
axmufccH suf ESifh t}uHay;csurf sm;udk qufvufaqmif&u
G o
f nf/
© International Training Centre of the ILO 2007 

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