The Committee on Freedom of Association

Freedom
(Picture) of
Association
Federation of Trade Unions-
Burma
Association
Preparing and filing complaints with the Committee on Freedom of
Association
Federation of Trade Unions-
Burma
FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION PROGRAMME / TURIN
CENTRE
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Federation of Trade Unions-
Burma
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FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION PROGRAMME / TURIN CENTRE
The Committee on Freedom of Association
• Tripartite committee of the Governing Body, comprised of six
representative for each group and chaired by an independent person
• Meets three times a year (March, May and November)
Federation of Trade Unions-
Burma
• Meets three times a year (March, May and November)
FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION PROGRAMME / TURIN CENTRE
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Federation of Trade Unions-
Burma
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FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION PROGRAMME / TURIN CENTRE
The Committee on Freedom of Association
Deals with the complaints filed against the government for
violation of the conventions and principles on FOA
∗ Focus on specific situation
∗ Legislative as well as factual examination even
without ratification or consent
Federation of Trade Unions-
Burma
without ratification or consent
∗ Decisions adopted unanimously
∗ Digest (jurisprudence)
FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION PROGRAMME / TURIN CENTRE
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Burma
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FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION PROGRAMME / TURIN CENTRE
The Committee on Freedom of Association
♦ Complaints must emanate from:
∗ National organization having direct interest in the matter
∗ International organization having consultative status with ILO
(ITUC, IOE)
∗ International organization where allegations relate to matters
Federation of Trade Unions-
Burma
∗ International organization where allegations relate to matters
directly affecting their affiliated organization
∗ A government
♦ Exiled or dissolved organizations may lodge complaints
FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION PROGRAMME / TURIN CENTRE
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Burma
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FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION PROGRAMME / TURIN CENTRE
The Committee on Freedom of Association Special
characteristics
♣ Not subject to the prior exhaustion of national remedies
♣ Examination even without the government’s replay
♣ Not bound by national judicial decision
Federation of Trade Unions-
Burma
∗∗∗
♦The committee has dealt with more than 2007 cases
FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION PROGRAMME / TURIN CENTRE
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Burma
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FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION PROGRAMME / TURIN CENTRE
Complaints and follow up with the CFA
♦ Procedure
♦ Content of the complaint
Federation of Trade Unions-
Burma
♦ Follow - up
FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION PROGRAMME / TURIN CENTRE
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Burma
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FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION PROGRAMME / TURIN CENTRE
The Committee on Freedom of Association Procedure
COMPLAINT PRESENTED TO ILO AND
TRANSMITTEC TO GOVERNMENTS
FOR OBSERVATIONS
COMMITTEE ON FREEDON OF
ASSOCIATION (CFA)
POSSIBLE
INTERNATIONAL
DECISIONS BY CONSENSUS
POSSIBLE DIRECT
CONTACTS
WORKERS
EMPLOYERS
GOVERNMENTS
Federation of Trade Unions-
Burma
FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION PROGRAMME / TURIN CENTRE
ADOPTION BY GOVERNTNG BODY
IF ILO CONVENTION IS
RATIFED
IF ILO CONVENTION IS
NOT RETIFIED
COMMITTEE OF EXPERTS ON THE
APPLICATION OF CONVENTIONS
AND RECOMMENDATIONS (CEACR)
FOLLOW – UP BY THE AFA
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Burma
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FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION PROGRAMME / TURIN CENTRE
The Committee on Freedom of Association Content of the
complaint
• Date
• Complaint against a government
• Addressed to the Committee on Freedom of Association
• Information about the complainant
• The facts (very detailed description)
Federation of Trade Unions-
Burma
• The facts (very detailed description)
• The law (reference to ILO conventions)
• Signature
• Evidence (documents, videos, pictures)
FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION PROGRAMME / TURIN CENTRE
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Federation of Trade Unions-
Burma
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FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION PROGRAMME / TURIN CENTRE
The Committee on Freedom of Association
Follow up of the recommendations – Some ideas
• Follow up with the ILO (web page)
• Negotiations and social dialogue
• Judicial authorities
• Parliament
Federation of Trade Unions-
Burma
• Parliament
• Mass media and Internet
• Contacts with international and other national workers’
organization
• Other actions?
FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION PROGRAMME / TURIN CENTRE
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Federation of Trade Unions-
Burma
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FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION PROGRAMME / TURIN CENTRE
Burmese cases before the Committee on Freedom of
Association
Case No. 2591(complaint filed by the International Trade Union Confederation
(ITUC) on 17/09/2007
Allegations: the complainant alleges that six labour activists were arrested, tried
for sedition and association with the Federation of Trade Union of Burma (FTUB)
Federation of Trade Unions-
Burma
for sedition and association with the Federation of Trade Union of Burma (FTUB)
and handed down extremely harsh prison sentences after they had tried to organize
celebrations and a seminar on labour issues for International Labour Day on 1
May 2007
FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION PROGRAMME / TURIN CENTRE
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Federation of Trade Unions-
Burma
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FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION PROGRAMME / TURIN CENTRE
Burmese cases before the committee on Freedom of Association
Case No.2268 (complaint filed by the International Confederation Trade Union
Confederation (ITUC) on 28/05/2003
Allegations relating to legislative issues: unclear legislative framework covering
freedom of association; serious discrepancies between legislation and Convention
No.87; repressive texts which contribute to a climate of denial of fundamental
freedoms and to annihilate and destroy any from of labour organization;
Allegations relation to factual issues: total lack of legally registered workers’
organizations; systematic practice of repression by public authorities of any form of
Federation of Trade Unions-
Burma
organizations; systematic practice of repression by public authorities of any form of
labour organization; the FTUB cannot function freely and independently on the
Myanmar territory and its General Secretary has to face criminal prosecution
because of this legitimate trade union activities; murder, detention and torture of
trade unionists; continuing repression of seafarers for the exercise of their trade
union rights; arrest and dismissal of workers in connection with collective labour
protests and claims.
FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION PROGRAMME / TURIN CENTRE
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Burma
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