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Present simple affirmative http://elt.oup.com/student/englishfile/elementary/a_grammar/file02/grammar 02_a01?cc=br&selLanguage=en http://www.englischhilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/simple_present_statements.

htm

affirm/negative http://elt.oup.com/student/englishfile/elementary/a_grammar/file02/grammar 02_a02?cc=br&selLanguage=en

affirm/interrogative http://elt.oup.com/student/englishfile/elementary/a_grammar/file02/grammar 02_b01?cc=br&selLanguage=en interrogative (word order) http://elt.oup.com/student/englishfile/elementary/a_grammar/file02/grammar 02_b02?cc=br&selLanguage=en http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/questions/simple_present.htm http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/questions/simple_present2.htm

do/does http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/do_does.htm http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/do_does.htm http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/do_does2.htm http://www.englischhilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/simple_present_statements2.htm

dont/doesnt http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/do_not_have_to.htm

do, don't, does, doesn't

http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/do.htm http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/do2.htm http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/do3.htm

1) Questions without question words in the Simple Present


Auxilia Subje Ver Yes/N Subje Auxiliary (+ Rest ry ct b o ct n't) Do you Yes, rea books? d No, football Yes, ? I I he do. don't. does.

Does

Peter play

2) Questions with question words in the Simple Present


Question Auxilia Ver Subject word ry b What When Where do does do you your mother you play go Rest on your computer? to work? Answer I play games on my computer. She goes to work at 6 o'clock. I meet them at the bus stop.

mee your friends? t

From http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/grammar/frage4.htm

Mistakes in English questions


Speak you English? - ? Where live you? Understand you the question? - ? Does Frank works in Sheffield? - ? Like you Hip-Hop? - ?

Sell you fish? - ? Who does the trumpet play? - ?

Simple Present - Diagram


We use the Simple Present when we talk about something which happens repeatedely.

We use the Simple Present to describe a series of actions in the present.

Use
1) repeated actions

My friend often draws nice posters.


2) things in general

The sun rises in the East.


3) fixed arrangements, scheduled events

The plane flies to London every Monday.


4) actions in the present - one follows after the other

First I get up, then I have breakfast.

5) instructions

Open your books at page 34.


6) with special verbs

I understand English.

Signal words
every day, often, always, sometimes, never

Form
infinitive (3rd person singular he, she, it: infinitive + -s)

Examples
Affirmative sentences: My brother reads I read books. books. We sing pop songs. I play handball. She sings pop songs. John plays handball.

Negative sentences:

You must not negate a full verb in English. Always use the auxiliary do for negations.
I I like computers. don't like computers at all.

My friend My mum

likes computers. doesn't like computers at all.

Questions:

Use the auxiliary do. Do you play football? Does he play football?

Simple Present - Signal words


These words tell you what tense you have to use. For the Simple Present these are adverbs of frequency: always often usually sometimes seldom never Other phrases of time can occur, like: every day every week every year on Mondays after school

Form of the Simple Present


We use the infinitive of the verb. In the 3rd person Singular (he, she, it - or a name) we put an -s at the end of the infinitive. infinitive - 3rd person Singular (he, she, it) infinitive + -s

Affirmative sentences:
I/we/you/they play football. He/she/it plays football. NOTE: he, she, it - Do not forget the -s.

Negative sentences:
We use the auxiliary do. I/we/you/they do not play football. He/she/it does not play football.

NOTE: We often use short forms in negative sentences in the Simple Present: I/we/you/they don't play football. He/she/it doesn't play football.

Questions:
Do I/we/you/they play football? Does he/she/it play football?

Long forms and short forms in the Simple Present


We often use short forms of the auxiliaries. The Simple Present is formed with a full verb. Short forms are only used in negative phrases.
affirmative long form I, we, you, they: I read he, she, it: he reads short form

negative (do not) long form I, we, you, they: short form I, we, you, they:

I do not read I don't read he, she, it: he does not read he, she, it: he doesn't read

about past tense: http://elt.oup.com/student/englishfile/elementary/a_grammar/file05/? cc=br&selLanguage=en

outros itens

Possessive pronoun http://www.englischhilfen.de/en/exercises/pronouns/possessive_determiners.htm http://elt.oup.com/student/englishfile/elementary/a_grammar/file01/grammar 01_c02?cc=br&selLanguage=en http://elt.oup.com/student/englishfile/elementary/a_grammar/file04/grammar 04_d01?cc=br&selLanguage=en

Personal pronoun http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/pronouns/personal_pronouns.htm (subject form) http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/pronouns/personal_pronouns3.htm (object form)

much/many http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/confusing_words/much_many2.htm

some/any http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/confusing_words/some_any.htm