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Renewable resources have a cycling time less than 100 years, while for non-renewable resources, it is greater than a million years. The depletable resources are fossil fuels, which are non - renewable since the rate of their utilisation far exceeds the rate at which they are formed. Examples of renewable resources are hydro energy, solar energy, wind, biomass, and energy from wastes (such as biogas, agrowastes, etc.). The renewable solar energy is subdivided nto direct and indirect types.Sunlight used directly can produce electricity, heat or derive a chemical reaction. It is used indirectly when it drives other processes, biological chemical or climatic - mechanical, which in turn are used as sources of energy. The energy sources can be classified in a number of ways based on the nature of their transaction, as commercial and noncommercial sources of energy . All energy resources, particularly the commercial ones, are natural. Coal, oil and nuclear sources constitute commercial sources, while firewood, biomass and animal dung constitute non- commercial sources. Also, the energy sources are classified based on animate and inanimate characteristics. Energy sources could also be classified as exhaustible/ depletable or non - depletable / renewable resources. The distinguishing feature of an exhaustible resource is that, it gets exhausted when used as an input of a production process, and at the same time, its undisturbed role of growth is nil. That is, the temporal services provided by a given stock of an exhaustible resource are finite. Further, based on conventionality in deriving energy, energy sources could be classified as conventional (coal, oil, hydro, nuclear, etc.) and non - conventional (solar, wind, tidal, geothermal, biogas, etc.) sources. they are also classified as primary or secondary types - coal, firewood, etc., being primary sources and electricity, a secondary source. Energy in its primary form can be of different kinds. The main types are Chemical (fossil fuels- coal, oil, natural gas, peat; biomass - wood, agricultural residues, etc.),Potential (water at a certain height),Kinetic (wind, waves), Radiation (sun), Heat (geothermal reservoirs, ocean thermal reservoirs) and Nuclear (uranium). The primary form of energy must generally be converted into secondary or final forms of energy before it can be used. For instance, the potential energy of a waterfall (primary energy) is converted into electricity ( secondary energy), which is transmitted and transformed to supply (final) energy to a factory, where it is converted into mechanical energy (useful energy) for productive operations. important types of secondary energy are electricity and mechanical energy. But chemical energy is also important as a secondary energy, for instance, in the form of refined oil products. Final energy is the energy that reaches the consumer. This can be electricity at a suitable voltage, or chemical energy in kerosene or batteries. The consumer, finally, uses certain equipment to convert the final energy he buys, into useful energy for one of his end use activities, e.g., irrigation, transport, cooking, etc.
Most of the energy sources are substitutable to each other due to the fact that some form of energy can be converted to other - such as coal to electricity, use of photo electricity to drive a chemical reaction, wind energy to pump and store water that could be used to produce electricity when required, or solid biomass to produce liquid or gaseous fuels of higher calorific value. All forms are ultimately converted into heat. This gives rise to the inter-fuel substitution process with which an economy can substitute its abundantly available resources to the scarcely endowed one. Higher quality and thinner steel laminations in the stator. More copper in the windings. Optimized air gap between the rotor and stator. Reduced fan loses. Closer matching tolerances.
Setting your thermostat just 2 degrees lower in winter and higher in summer could save about 2. and compact florescent bulbs are designed to provide more natural-looking light while using far less energy than standard light bulbs. and installing weather stripping or caulking around doors and windows can lower your heating costs more than 25 percent. recycle paper. An example is a compact fluorescent light bulb that will use less energy to illuminate a room. 1. Explore your community mass transit system. By recycling half of your househ 2. or in your community.200 pounds of carbon dioxide annually. you can save 1. Avoid products that come with excess packaging. less energy is used and it lasts longer. . Energy efficiency is a technological approach to using less energy—requiring less energy to perform the same function. For example. ws: Energy conservation and energy efficiency both mean using less energy. A greater length. Besides saving gasoline. And whenever you can. Reduce. Reuse. Buying products with minimal packaging (including the economy size when that makes sense for you) will help to reduce waste. In this case. If there isn't a recycling program at your workplace. When you do drive. ask about starting one. walking and biking are great forms of exercise. school. Home appliances now come in a range of energy-efficient models. such as turning off the lights when leaving a room. Use Less Heat and Air Conditioning Adding insulation to your walls and attic. glass and aluminum cans. If you reduce your household garbage by 10 percent. but energy conservation refers to any behavior that results in not using energy at all. Recycle Do your part to reduce waste by choosing reusable products instead of disposables. especially molded plastic and other packaging that can't be recycled. newspaper. keeping your tires properly inflated can improve your gas mileage by more than 3 percent. 5. Drive Less and Drive Smart Less driving means fewer emissions. it also keeps 20 pounds of carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere. choose one that offers good gas mileage. Every gallon of gas you save not only helps your budget. make sure your car is running efficiently. and keep temperatures moderate at all times. Buy Energy-Efficient Products When it's time to buy a new car. plastic.000 pounds of carbon dioxide each year. 3. Turn down the heat while you're sleeping at night or away during the day. by reducing the amount of energy you need to heat and cool your home. and check out options for carpooling to work or school.
Wash your clothes in warm or cold water to reduce your use of hot water and the energy required to produce it. or to move the time of energy use to off-peak times such as nighttime and weekends. also known as demand side management (DSM). and wrap it in an insulating blanket if it is more than 5 years old. is the modification of consumer demand for energy through various methods such as financial incentives and education. Energy demand management. That change alone can save at least 500 pounds of carbon dioxide annually in most households.6. Use Less Hot Water Set your water heater at 120 degrees to save energy. . Peak demand management does not necessarily decrease total energy consumption. but could be expected to reduce the need for investments in networks and/or power plants. the goal of demand side management is to encourage the consumer to use less energy during peak hours. Usually. Use the energy-saving settings on your dishwasher and let the dishes air-dry. Buy low-flow showerheads to save hot water and about 350 pounds of carbon dioxide yearly.