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PREPARED BY: Pratima Pawar Dhawal Patel Ganesh Mansingh Gorakha Neil Barochia

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Ans:- we are all aware of the importance of public speaking in our

professional as well as personal & social life. Public speaking is all about sharing your mind with a group of individuals. The success of public speaker lies in his ability to communicate his point of view with the members of audience.

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The public speaker should be confident, positive & pleasant. The speaker was able to extend his passion in the minds of people who listened to his speech. This is essence of public speaking. Get the audience agree with what you have tried to accomplish and make them think about it over and over again. Speaker should also maintain confidence and energetic body language it adds speaker credibility. Speaker should have good vocal quality. he should have mastery over language. This does not mean he have to be PhD in English literature. This simply implies that he should be skillful enough to to use the words properly to create impact on his speech. He should know subject well before presenting so people can easily convinced or agreed.

Maintain proper eye contact between speech so it connect with audience. persuade or present a point of view it is followed by question from the audience Persons in responsible position must be a good Speakers as there one many occasion when they are required to address on audience. Finally there is nothing like a perfect speaker. Knowledgeable audience at a conference. The skill of public speaking is something that improves with a lot of experience. Maintain humor in language and keep formal not stern. because it make unapproachable and in that case audience not connect with speaker. . Speaking skills can be cultivated and developed with some knowledge of the found aspects of public speaking and with practice. Being able to speak well is an as self In any profession. A presentation is a heavy talk and is delivered to a small. Q. I am agree with that effective presenatation skill is necessary to managers .a seminar or a business meating it in a purpose is to inform.2) EFFECTIVE PRESENTATION SKILL IS NECCESARY TO MANAGER DO YOU AGREE OR NOT ? ANS.YES.. explain.5) 6) 7) 8) Speaker should be extreme knowledgeable and his speech should be informative and should contribute audience knowledge bank. Speaker also take care of time speech should not too long it create bad impression and audience get boar.

the speaker should be familiar with the physical environment.A effective speaker must follow the four stage Finding out about the enviorment in which the talk is to be deliverd. 5) Other speaker:. e. FINDING OUT ABOUT THE ENVIRONMENT The enviornment includes the venue. if it is your home down checked all equipment before and if it is outside you must make effort to get familiar with the room. 1) The venue:. 2) The organizers:.  Practicing delivery of the talk.  Preparing the text and the requiedvisuah  Taking care of one’s physical appearance and body language. Finding out about the environment. the organizers.always ckeck before time is allotted to you. 4) Time available:. Like. 3) The occasions:-it is important to know what is occasion for which the function and talk has been organized. Finding about the other speaker and their background and topic which they are going to present. the president and other important points. It is necessary to keep stuck watch the time. .as speaker should find out everthing about organizers. the audience and ones position in relation to the audience. name of organizers. the time available other speaker if is useful to know about all the people who are involved.g: is the training session for freshers or new employees etc. This four major point can be brwadly classified further.

given the oral communication follows the traditional beginning.the speaker position seating arrangement.this is the largest group it is the most important for any speaker and require careful analysis. The speaker should be familiar with the physical enviorment.the organizer. The style of speech different from style of writing. Talk must fit comfortably and time available . The venue.a cheak of the room and all the required equipment must be checked well to befor.age group must be taken into consideration before giving speech or presentation.6) Audience:. If it is on your home ground. the main body of the speech and closing remark. the closing must leave clear message. Speakers appearance and personality Oral communication come with the speakers physical appearance persons and personality make an important impact. the talk not written text or just read out. PREPARING THE TEXT The most important thing in the preparing the text is to decide exactly what to say. your body language is notice by the audience before you begin to speak The environment includes the venue. middle and the end the introductory remarks. finding the require information and give it proper shape. the audience and one’s position in relation the audience.the time available other speakers if any. . 7) Age group:. It must sound like conversation. It must be logical and have smooth flow from one point to another. And if it outside you must make efforts toget familiar with the room. For beginning it is advisable to write down the whole speech including address the opening sentence and ending sentence.

Inspiration seeks to draw that motivation from audience members in order to get them to act. Persuasive: it aims to convince an audience of your point of view. the message comes second to the enjoyment of the audience. statistics. Your goal is to provide information to your audience. company. In fact. and your speech is constructed accordingly. In an entertaining speech. Typically. which tend to make it overdrawn and boring. that is a misnomer. role or place. Entertaining: the main goal of this speech is to make the audience laugh and to enjoy themselves. It is often presented with a series of numbers.3) TYPES OF SPEECHES • • • • • Informational: this is the most prevalent type of speech. Your goal is to convince an audience of the benefits of your product or service.. Farewell Speech: A Farewell speech is written to extend good wishes at a special milestone in someone's life when leaving an organization. These ais the format of most after-dinner speeches. Motivation comes from within. It is much smoother and logical in its flow. This is often called a "motivational speech". Notice that an entertaining speech is not the same as a standup routine.. this is a sales presentation. Inspiring: in this type of speech. It provides an opportunity to thank people who have provided help and support. community. and many PowerPoint slides. you seek to inspire your audience to change something in their lives. nobody can give it to you. These occasions are generally informal but it is always helpful to plan what you are going to say in advance .Q.

. Q. one who utters a speech in public. direction. This type of speech should also be short and remember to try to inject some humor Introduction Speech: An Introduction speech is an opener written to introduce the speaker and the subject they will be talking about. A motivational speech should provide an outline of the problem and the benefits of change which will require elements of conviction. These occasions are generally informal but it is always helpful to plan what you are going to say in advance so that the content of your speech is not just left to chance. as. or a bad speaker.4) Abstract good speaker in brief? Definition: One who utters or pronounces a discourse. the man is a good speaker. to take action to improve. It is helpful to provide the audience with details of the speaker's background and achievements in order to establish the speaker’s credibility with respect to the topic Anniversary Speech: An Anniversary speech is written to extend congratulations at reaching a special milestone in a marriage. usually. or just a couple of words like "Happy Anniversary!". This might involve convincing someone that increased effort and energy will lead to improved performance. or convince the listeners. intensity and persistence from the speaker in their efforts to persuade the listener to take a pro-active approach. Motivational Speech: Motivational speech is written to that the content of your speech is not just left to chance and special references might be made to people who have played an important role.

com. It was written like a song. was released on Feb. thinks the most distinctive thing about Obama’s speeches isn’t the delivery. And that reputation has only been further hyped since the beginning of the presidential campaign. but the lyricism in the writing. Liberman. but not performed like a song. and John F. I am.1) Barack Obama is a good spekar After studying the speeches of Martin Luther King Jr. but its composition. then what’s really musical about that speech was not so much its delivery.” which set to music Obama’S primary night speech in New Hampshire. “There’s also a certain amount of repetition — the ‘Yes We Can’ theme — that allows this kind of weaving of vocal lines.” Then there’s Barack Obama. But if that’s right. most recently because of the wildly popular music video. His keynote address at the 2004 Democratic National Convention instantly earned him a reputation as one of the Democratic Party’s great contemporary orators. “Yes We Can. Kennedy. The video.” . created by Black Eyed Peas front man will. 2 and has been viewed almost 10 million times on You Tube and yeswecansong.” he said. linguist Mark Liberman found that their speaking styles are “radically different. and sing over it. spoken any kind of way as long as it’s not dragged out. “You can take a short phrase like that. a linguistics professor at the University of Pennsylvania.

instead of open. 26year-old Jon Favreau. that Obama’s reputation as a master speechmaker owes a large debt to the simple act of borrowing devices from great public speakers of the past. it’s not because of that.” Nunberg said. .’” In a Jan. he says. said when writing speeches for Obama. but his body orientation does not change. “For example. again. 20 New York Times story.” Nunberg said these engaging cadences are similar to those of Dr. Obama. King. has been able to balance the extremes like Kennedy. When Obama is speaking. he said. he draws inspiration from John Kennedy. his arms move. a researcher at Stanford University’s Center for the Study of Language and Information. Nunberg said. ‘It’s not because of this. can convey a lack of control. then he turns to his left with a fall to close. “He turns to the right to make his first point with a rise. Kennedy.” said Nunberg. Also. King and Robert F. “He’s very cool in a sense that Kennedy was cool. Though the movement helps hold the audience’s attention.Linguist Geoff Nunberg. But Nunberg said there’s more to it than the writing. sees elements of Obama’s speeches that he says lend themselves to song.” said Nunberg. Nunberg said. suggesting. too much movement. “He does these parallel constructions. too. “He’s mastered a certain cadence that’s very effective. he doesn’t let his arms get too far away from his body and he keeps his hands closed. Obama’s head speechwriter.

Clinton is much better in smaller settings. Hillary Clinton. She goes straight to the answer.” Good speaker can be a good leader .” Nunberg explained. she bobs her head and she “has a way with her eyeballs to signal a kind of exclamation point. I don’t think the answer is something so superficial as sentence structure. intonation. Nunberg suggested that much of the excitement Obama has been able to generate in large gatherings has had to do with voters attending his events with the idea that he will deliver excitement. “If you come with the idea or hope of being engaged.“His gesture and his posture are controlled. But. “I wish I could say otherwise. like debates. or sufficient numbers of people come with the hope of being engaged. raises her pitch noticeably when trying to draw a response from her crowd. You couldn’t say if you adapted his style then you would be successful. Also. and restarts them with different structure.” Another similarity Obama has with Kennedy is his limited pitch range. “There’s no silver bullet. on the other hand. which enables him to “convey passion without exhibiting it. because then I could go into business as a political consultant.” Nunberg said. he added. while Obama often starts his sentences one way. that kind of stuff.” he said. it is engaging. where the candidates are improvising. Liberman said.

The speech must contain the right and relevant information and presented in a manner that sustains the hearer's attention. etc. Your body communicates different impressions to the audience. A voice that carries fear can frighten the audience. The listeners may have difficulty and feel uncomfortable hearing voices that are too fast. and facilitates better understanding. Smiling while speaking is a powerful method to transmit happiness . It must be sequenced and paced so that the audience truly enjoys the speech. Adopting a good posture tells your audience that you know what you are doing and you care deeply about it.Home Articles Good speaker can be a good leader A good and successful speaker must be aware two important things the content and structure of his speech. A good speaker knows how to modulate his voice without changing the original nature of his voice. too soft. The voice is probably the most valuable tool for any speaker. If you fail to gesture while speaking. a good posture helps you to speak more clearly and effectively. you may be perceived as a bit stiff and monotonous speaker. too loud. Experienced speakers lower their voice to draw the audience in. and raise their voice to stress a point. A successful speaker also knows how much information the audience can absorb in one sitting without losing interest. Also. The speaker must not digress too much and lose the main thrust of his speech. they also watch your body language. The presentation must be cogent with a logical beginning and an appropriate ending. while a voice that sounds humorous can get the audience to smile and remain cheerful. Instead a lively speaking style captures attention makes the speech more interesting. People not only listen to you.

and amiable. on such occasions. they seem abrupt.shoulders tighten up and legs start to shake and cause unsteadiness. while long answers appear too elaborate. repeat the question to ensure that everyone hears it and also to make sure you heard it right. It takes a little courage. Speeches. then you need to take time to prepare. Answers that last up to 40 seconds work best. Lean forward when speaking as it gives hearers the impression that you are receptive. They will be more comfortable around you and will want to listen to you more. When answering. Speaking with your back turned or looking away from the audience should be avoided as it communicates disinterest. and spontaneity. do not rush ahead if no one asks a question. When a question is asked. Interpersonal closeness results when you and your audience face each other. Most of us are aware of the power of an audience.and spread warmth. posture. Always allow time at the end of the speech for listeners to raise questions. If you are invited to deliver special speeches or keynote addresses. After inviting questions. The voice begins to tremble. The main negative factors of a speaker can be diffidence and nervousness which can affect voice clarity. direct your remarks to the entire audience and not merely to the questioner. Pause for a while to allow the audience to regroup their thoughts. must follow a format – and preferably contain interesting anecdotes. If they are too short. It is often a frightening experience when looking at of several pairs of eyes looking at us expectantly and in silence. quotations etc to sustain audience interest. pleasant humor. but the . Smiling is also contagious and others will react favorably.

rewards are enormous.The Right Start • Plunge into the subject directly and immediately • Read The Right Start fer to the speech of previous speaker • Some occurrence of the day • Identify yourself with the audience • A story from a personal experience • Shocking statistics • Question/humour/quotation • Not too formal The Right Ending • End in a climax . heading an institution or running a home. Q. sense of humor. gift of expression. ability to think spontaneously. Once you are able to see what others expect of you. compelling presence etc. you need leadership qualities to excel. Whether you are managing a business. then you can move on to developing all essential skills of leadership such as good communication skills.5 RIGHT START OF SPEECH AND END AND HOW TO RIGHT SPEECH ANS:.

. This gets the attention early on and it sets the tone for your speech It should be a couple of points for a ten minute talk. Before you start speech first you have to ask yourself what your main idea is.• Don’t end with “ This is all I have to say” • Plan your end in advance • Summarize the main points/appeal for action/giving audience sincere compliment/joke/poem How to write speech ? Having good speech is a lot like making a good cack . it looks something like this …. A basic speech consists of three main elements Introduction:A summary of what the points you want to get across. Main idea :. For example 1.having the right ingredients is key for it’s success . It is better to do a speech which is clear and well thought out with couple simple points than a long speech which confuse the people.? After you are ready for the Conclusion. Why I like it.what to I want people to learn from my speech ? This is should be simple people should learn atleast two or three key points..This should sum up all of your key points and serves as a reminder of what you just talked about.what is the main idea I want to get across ? Goal :. What sailing is ? 2. Outline the key components of your main idea and the ultimate goal of your speech .

be brief Use everyday English. direct words Know exactly what you want to say Cut words wherever possible.Do’s and Don’t’s • • • • • • • • Use simple. not jargon Vary the length of your sentences Use active verbs Don’t use passive tense Don’t use modifiers .