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ALTERNATIVE THERAPIES USED IN PSYCHIATRY

HOMEOPATHY
Introduction
Homeopathy also called vitalism, is classified by the NCCAM as an alternative medical system that evolved independently of and prior tto the conventional bio-medical approach. Homeopathy is a specific healing therapy started in late 1700 to early 1800s by Samuel Hahnemann, a German Physician and chemist. He formulated the theory that the body possess the power to heal itself. Therefore a substance creating certain symptoms in a healthy person would cure an ill person exhibiting the same particular set of symptoms. For example, the symptoms of arsenic poisoning include abdominal discomfort, such as stomach cramping with burning pain, nausea and vomiting. Arsenicum album is a homeopathic remedy used to treat people with symptoms of food poisoning, such as nausea, vomiting, and abdominal discomfort. Insomnia Clients often rely on homeopathic remedies for insomnia. Two herbal or homeopathic remedies (herbal medicines used in homeopathy) helpful in treating insomnia and jet lag are melatonin and valerian (Valeriana officinalis). In 1995 alone, there were 20 million new melatonin users in the USA. Melatonin is secreted by the pineal gland and helps set the body’s circadian circle, thus triggering the onset of sleep. This hormone is available in powder, capsules, or tablets. Therapeutic dosage range is .2 to 5 milligrams at bedtime. The usual dose for jet lag is .5 milligrams, and it is generally taken the day before travel starts. Although adverse reactions are rearly reported, and further information becomes available, clients taking steroids, pregnant women and lactating mothers, and clients with autoimmune diseases should not use melatonin. Valerian is used in Europe and Russia as a daytime sedative and hypnotic that induces and improves sleep. Its active components have not been identified, but the valerian causes both central nervous system depression and muscle
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St. Dosages ranges from 500 to 2000milligrams per day. the children the usual dose is 300milligrams per day. or antispasmodic. DepressionThe herbal medicine St. Day time dosage to decrease anxiety is one half to one teaspoonful of the fluid extract in warm water or one 150 or 300 milligram capsule daily. and is available in capsule form.relaxation. dry mouth. SAM2 .Johns wort affect neurotransmitters. or interfere with reaction time. Passion flower is a mild herb that can be used a sedative. This medication is contraindicated in pregnacny. Adverse effects includes. It does not alter mental clarity. for adolescents and adults the usual dose is 300milligrams three times per day. however. adolescents. and adults. or other cognitive abilities. exacerbation of Parkinson’s disease. Doses ranges from 400 to 900 milligrms. shortness of breath. acts as an anxiolytic as well as a hypnotic. fatigue. SAM-e (S-adenosyl L-methionine) is naturally occurring compound in the human body formed formed from methionine and adenosine triphosphte. Excessive use of this herb during lactation and pregnancy should be avoided. skinrash. Adverse effects include hypersensitivity. Adverse effects include nausea. It is sold as tea. However. a green. visual disturbances such as sensitivity to light and hallucinations. dubbed “God’s Valium”. Stress and anxiety Kava-kava.or extract.Johns wort (Hypericum performatum) is the most popular antidepressant in Germany. dermatitis. 1 hour before the bedtime. Given to relieve anxiety. tincture. it is available in tincture form or capsule for(200-300mg) from the freeze-dried plant (2 capsules every 6 hours as needed). The mechanism is unclear. Valerian. The average daily doses for genaralized anxiety ranges from 60 to 200 milligrams per day in divided doses. It is particularly useful in the management of daytime anxiety. alertness. the latter dose has been known to cause morning hangover. vomiting. For. hypnotic. vasculitis and altered consciousness. It appears to effective trearment of depression in children. and clients who use it rarely develop tolerance. leafy member of the pepper family. It is given in a single dose at bedtime for treatment of insomnia secondary too anxiety. torticollis and tardive dyskinesia. It is non addictive. is considered to be the most potent anxiolytic available without a prescription. Nighttime hypnotic doses to treat insomnia secondary to anxiety range from 200 to 300 milligrams of the extract.

4. may have some efficacy in patients with affective disorders. Although little evidence exists regarding essential fatty acids as monotherapy.used adjunctively with conventional antidepressants and mood stabilizers. Depress the CNS to produce a mild sedative effect. several studies show that omega-3 fatty acids-namely. 5. recommended dosages. mild safe when consumed in anxiety and insomnia.Black cohosh (cimicifuga racemosa) Medicinal use Safety people Improved mood. or Generally recognised as flower(Passiflora extracts to treat safe in recommended incarnate) nervousness and doses. 7. nervousness. reasonable amounts. 3.Hops (Humulus lupus) Used in case of Generally considered nervousness.Kava-kava(piper Used to reduce anxiety Scaly skin rash may methylsticum) while promoting mental occur when taken at high acuity. eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and EPA combined with docosapentaenoic acid (DH). dosage for long periods.capsules. and dopamine. but it has not been compared directly with SSRIs. insomnia.Scullap(Scutellaria Used as a sedative for Approved as an OCT lateriflora) mild anxiety and drug in USA. It is available as a stable. 6. Herbal medicines Common name(Botanical name) 1.e is found in many mammalian tissues especially in the liver and brain. enteric coated tablet.. Omega-3 essential fatty acids. calming Generally considered effect safe in lower doses. nausea .a supplement found mostly in fish oils and plants. Toxic iin larger doses causing dizziness. improve treatment response. 2.Chamomile (Matricaria As a tea. It regulates the secretion of neurotransmitters such as serotonin. Occasionally causes GI discomfort. headache etc. Starting daily dose is 400milliggrams. it is effective as Generally recognized as chamomilla) a mild sedative in the safe when consumed in relief of insomnia.Passion Used in tea.Valerian (Valerian Used to treat Side effects include mild 3 .

3.Missouri:Mosby Elsevier.Stuart GW.Sadock BJ.Philadelphia:Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. Produces restfulsleep without morning hangover head ache and upset stomach.p778. Reference 1.p232-234.Shives LR.p549-551. 4 .Kaplan HI. Medical substances elicit a standard array of signs and symptoms in healthy people.2005.Principles and Practice of Psychiatric nursing. 2. Basic Concepts of Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing. No one has been able to provide an adequate explanation for the possible mechanism of homeopathy. Conclusion Hahnemann based homeopathic drug treatment on the following assumptions: Disease symptoms result from the body's own efforts to throw off the illness.officinals) nervousness and insomnia.2009. Meta analyses and reviews of research have come to different conclusions regarding the efficacy of homeopathy. the medicine whose effect in normal people closely resembles the symptoms of the illness being treated is the one most likely to assist the curative response by helping the body complete its own curative efforts.1994.Synopsis of psychiatry.USA:Williams and Wilkins.Grebb JA.

Raveesh Kaimal Ist Year MSc Nursing Submitted on: 5 .Febu Elizabeth Joy Lecturer Amrita College Of Nursing Submitted By.SEMINAR ON HOMEOPATHY TREATMENT IN PSYCHIATRY Submitted To. Mrs.