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circuit

ideas
108 • December 2010 • electroni cs for you www. e f y ma g . c o m
 Raj K. GoRKhali
GuitaR EffEct PEdal PowER
S.C. DW
IVEDI
connecting points as shown in Fig. 2.
The circuit (Fig. 2) can be divided
into two sections: power supply and
signal handling. The power supply
section is built around transformer X1,
regulators 7805 and 7905, bridge recti-
fer comprising diodes D1 through D4,
and a few discrete components. The
signal-handling circuit is built around
two OP27 op-amps (IC3 and IC4).
The power supply of about 9V
for the effect pedals is derived from
step-down transformer X1. MOV1 is a
metal-oxide varistor that absorbs any
large spike in mains power.
IC 7905 (IC1) is a -5V low-power
regulator. By using a 3.9V zener diode
(ZD1) at its ground terminal, you get
-8.9V output. The same technique is
also applied to IC 7805 (IC2)—a +5V
regulator to get 8.9V. Use good-qual-
ity components and heat-sinks for the
regulators. This supply is more than
enough for the fve effect pedals.
The greater the voltage drop across
the regulator, the lower the output
current potential. Resistors R1 and
R2 provide a constant load to ensure
that the regulators keep regulating.
Capacitors C3 through C8 ensure that
the supplies are as clean as possible. It
is very important to use proper heat-
sinks for IC1 and IC2. Otherwise, these
could heat up.
Working of the circuit is simple.
The input signal stage uses a basic
differentiation amplifer to accept the
incoming signal and a voltage fol-
lower to buffer the output to the power
amplifer. The differential amplifer is
built around IC3. It works by effective-
ly looking at the signals
presented to its inputs.
If the input signals are of
different amplitudes, IC3
amplifes the difference
by a factor determined
by R4/R3 (where R4=R6
and R3=R5). If the input
signals have same ampli-
tudes, these are attenuat-
ed by the common-mode
rejection ratio (CMRR) of
the circuit. The value of
CMRR is determined by
the choice of the op-amp
the auxiliary components
used and circuit topolo-
gy. You can use standard
resistors. With the values
shown, you get an overall
gain of unity.
The combi nat i on
of resistor R7 and C13
serves as a passive low-
pass flter, progressively
attenuating unwanted
high-frequency signals.
The second op-amp (IC4)
Fig. 1: A typical guitar
pedal switch
Fig. 2: Pedal power circuit
A
friend of mine plays guitar with
several guitar effect pedals. He
had a problem with battery
eliminators and cables of the pedals
cluttering the stage and so he asked
for help. The solution is simple as de-
scribed here.
A small box is ftted to the rear of
the amplifer providing a 9V output for
the effect pedal. The amplifer section
gets 9V through
a pedal switch
(refer Fig. 1).
This power out-
put and guitar
si gnal i nput
lines are com-
bi ned i nto a
single unit with
multi-way cable
circuit
ideas
electroni cs for you • December 2010 • 109 www. e f y ma g . c o m
forms a simple voltage follower (its
output follows its input), providing a
low output impedance to drive into the
standard power amplifer.
Assemble the circuit on a general-
purpose PCB and ft it to the rear of an
amplifer. The unit must be compact,
yet robust. So use a very sturdy alu-
minium extrusion for the cabinet in or-
der to neatly house the assembled PCB.
To ensure simple operation, there
are only three connections to the unit.
First, mains power is tapped from the
transformer. The second lead carries
the 9V output to the amplifer. The
third is the guitar signal input at the
fve-way socket for connection to the
effect pedal. 

The unit must be compact. co m e l e c t ro n i c s f o r yo u • D e c e m b e r 2 0 1 0 • 1 0 9 . providing a low output impedance to drive into the standard power amplifier.circuit ideas forms a simple voltage follower (its output follows its input). e f y m ag . mains power is tapped from the transformer. there are only three connections to the unit. yet robust. To ensure simple operation. So use a very sturdy aluminium extrusion for the cabinet in order to neatly house the assembled PCB.  w w w. The third is the guitar signal input at the five-way socket for connection to the effect pedal. First. The second lead carries the 9V output to the amplifier. Assemble the circuit on a generalpurpose PCB and fit it to the rear of an amplifier.