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Article on agriculture of pakistan

ABSTRACT
Pakistan inherited an agricultural economy at the time of the Partition in1947. The cultivated area particularly of the Punjab was regarded as the bread basket or granary of the Subcontinent. The development of agriculture was ignored in the initialyears inspire of the fact that the agricultural sector was the largest single contributor to the GDP. It employed 80% of the population directly or indirectly, accounted for 73% of the foreign exchange earnings, provided raw material for cotton, jute, sugar and vegetableindustries, served as a market for industrial products. The emphasis was, however, placedon the development of industrial sector. Pakistan is the sixth most populous country in the World. It is the second largest Muslim population next to Indonesia. It started as a poor country but four decades after in additional to economic reforms resulted in stronger economy. The biggest contributor in 1947 was the agriculture sector. It used to be the strongest and most important economic sector. Pakistan has a rich and vast natural resource base, covering various ecological and climatic zones; hence the country has great potential for producing all types of food commodities. Agriculture has an important direct and indirect role in generating economic growth. The importance of agriculture to the economy is seen in three ways: first, it provides food to consumers and fibres for domestic industry; second, it is a source of scarce foreign exchange earnings; and third, it provides a market for industrial goods. Agriculture is an important sector, providing food to the fast-growing population of the country. According the 1998 census, the total population of Pakistan is 130 million. With a population growth rate of 2.6 percent there is a net addition of 3.4 million people each year. In 1947 the population of Pakistan was 32.5 million; in 50 years it has increased fourfold. During this period the production of wheat, the major food crop, has increased only 2.9 fold. During 1970/71 the amount of wheat imported was 0.3 million tones.

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Article on agriculture of pakistan

INTRODUCTION OF AGRICULTURE OF PAKISTAN


Pakistan's principal natural resources are arable land and water. About 25% of Pakistan's total land area is under cultivation and is watered by one of the largest irrigation systems in the world. Pakistan irrigates three times more acres than Russia. Agriculture accounts for about 23% of GDP and employs about 44% of the labor force. Pakistan is one of the world's largest producers and suppliers of the following according to the 2005 Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations and FAOSTAT given here with ranking: Chickpea (2nd) Apricot (4th) Cotton (4th) Sugarcane (4th) (National Juice of Pakistan) Milk (5th) Onion (5th) Date Palm (6th) Mango (7th) (National fruit of Pakistan) angerines, mandarin orange, clementine (8th) Rice (8th) Wheat (9th) Oranges (10th)

Pakistan ranks fifth in the Muslim world and twentieth worldwide in farm output. It is the world's fifth largest milk producer. Agriculture is the back bone of Pakistan's economy.

EXPLANATION
CROPS Important agricultural crops in Pakistan are the following:

Wheat it is the largest contributory crop of Pakistan to the countrys economy. Sugarcane Cotton Rice Chickpea Apricot Milk Onion Date Palm Mango Tangerine

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Article on agriculture of pakistan

Oranges

Livestock Livestock is likewise important in the Agriculture sector of Pakistan. Important livestock products of Pakistan are following:

Cattle Buffalo Sheep Goat Camel

Livestock by-product that helps in the agriculture sector of Pakistan includes the following:

Beef Milk Mutton Poultry

Fishery Fishery produces jobs for the informal sector and contributes to the national economy. Fishery is likewise helpful in the agricultural sector of Pakistan. Fish harbours in Pakistan:

Karachi Fisheries Harbour in the province of Sindh Korangi Fish Harbour, which is being managed by the Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock Karachi Fish Harbour which provides 90% of fish and seafood requirement of Pakistan Pasni Fish Harbour which is in the province of Baluchistan Gwadar Fish Harbour on the other hand is being managed by the Federal Ministry of Communication
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Agriculture role in economy of Pakistan


Agriculture is an important sector, providing food to the fast-growing population of the country. According the 1998 census, the total population of Pakistan is 130 million. With a population growth rate of 2.6 percent there is a net addition of 3.4 million people each year. In 1947 the population of Pakistan was

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Article on agriculture of pakistan


32.5 million; in 50 years it has increased fourfold. During this period the production of wheat, the major food crop, has increased only 2.9 fold. During 1970/71 the amount of wheat imported was 0.3 million tonnes; it has increased to 4.1 million tonnes in 1997. Tremendous efforts have been carried out to narrow the gap between population growth and food production.

Agriculture contridution in GDP


Agriculture contributes about 24 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP) and employs 47 percent of the national employed labour force. The contribution of the agricultural sector to the GDP has declined gradually since Pakistan came into existence, from over 50 percent in 1949-50 to about 24 percent in 1996-97. Agriculture still remains the major sector of the GDP composition. A major part of the economy depends on farming through production, processing and distribution of major agricultural commodities. IN FOREIGN TRADE In foreign trade agriculture again dominates, through exports of raw products such as rice and cotton and semi-processed and processed products such as cotton yarn, cloth, carpets and leather production .Agriculture is essential for sustainable improvements in internal and external balances. Of the total export earnings, the share of primary commodities and processed and semi-processed products constituted almost 60 percent of the total exports. There have been some structural changes over time, but the contribution of agro-based products has more or less sustained its position.

MORE SPECIFICALLY; THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR PLAYS AN IMPORTANT PART IN


PAKISTAN'S ECONOMY BY:

contributing 24 percent towards GDP; providing food to about 130 million people; arning about 60 percent of the country's total export earnings; providing employment to 47 percent of the total work force; providing the main source of livelihood for the rural population of Pakistan; providing raw materials for many industries and a market for many locally produced
industrial products.

Over the past 20 years some important structural changes have taken place in the sector. In particular, livestock has emerged as an important subsector, today contributing more than one-third of agricultural GDP, compared with about 28 percent 20 years ago. Similarly, fisheries and forestry, while still minor contributors to agricultural GDP, have grown rapidly.

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Article on agriculture of pakistan


Structural changes have also taken place within the crop sector. Cotton is now as important as wheat in terms of value added with a one-fifth share of total earnings. Rice and sugar have, however, fallen from a 20 percent share in the early 1970s to 15 percent today.

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Article on agriculture of pakistan

REFERENCES: Abstract:wikipidia. Other material:agriculture & food dpt of Pakistan. Also from us report on agriculture sector of Pakistan

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Article on agriculture of pakistan

Submitted by: NOOR UDDIN BABAR ROLL NO: 72. SECTION: B. SEMISTER: 5TH. SUBMITTED TO: SIR,FASEEH KHAN

FUUAT GULSHAN IQBAL CAMPUS KARACHI


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