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Employee job satisfaction

Employees Job Satisfaction

Effect of Wages, Job Attitude, Work Time and Autonomy on Job Satisfaction
A study of commercial banks employees in Peshawar

Bilal Ahmad Muhammad Sajid *Zahir Khan MBA(B&F)

Department of Business Administration

Institute of Management Sciences, Peshawar.

*Order of the names is insignificant

Employee job satisfaction

Effect of Wages, Job Attitude, Work Time and Autonomy on Job Satisfaction. A study of commercial banks employees in Peshawar.

Introduction: Job satisfaction has been defined as a pleasurable emotional state resulting from the appraisal of ones job; an effective reaction to ones job; and an attitude towards ones job. The Job Satisfaction has got tremendous attention in organizational research. The purpose of this research is to find out the impact of different variables like wages, job attitude, work time and autonomy on job satisfaction. There is significant and positive relationship between job satisfaction and variables like wages, job attitude, work time and autonomy (Hunjra, Chani, Aslam, Azam, & Rehman, 2010). Job satisfaction of workers means a work force that is motivated and committed to high quality performance. Increase productivity- the quantity and quality of out put per hour worked- seems to be a byproduct of improved quality of working life. Job satisfaction is an important, readily available measure of the workers utility derived from the job. It allows the identification of those characteristics which have a differential impact on the workers utility. This is important since higher job satisfaction is likely to result in higher performance at work, decreased absenteeism and tardiness (Lawler & Porter, 2008).

Employee job satisfaction

For instance, in human resource management there is an emphasis on policies which increase overall job satisfaction in order to succeed in reducing labor turnover and/or in raising labor productivity. There are a number of empirical studies which investigate the effect of individual and job characteristics on job satisfaction although the effect of any individual or job characteristic on workers job satisfaction is also dependent on a number of features like institutions or social norms show that workers who work in small firms report higher job satisfaction levels compared to those working in large firms (Poza & Poza, 2000). Statement of the Problem: To study the effect of Wages, Job Attitude, Work Time and Autonomy on Employees Satisfaction. Model/Framework to be used:


Job Attitude Job Satisfaction Work Time

Job Satisfaction is determined by the number of factors, which includes Wage, Job Attitude Autonomy of the employee, Work Time and Autonomy. All these factors have an effect on Job Satisfaction on employees in any organization.

Employee job satisfaction

Independent Variables: Four Variables i.e Wages, Job Attitude, Work Time and Autonomy will be studied as independent variables. Wages: The effect of wages on job satisfaction is positive, significant and large (Lydon & Arnaud 2002). The research is conducted to further find out the impact of wages in employees satisfaction level in banks operating in Peshawar. Increase in wages and decrease in wages has any effect on employee satisfaction level or not, is the purpose of this research. Job Attitude: The degree to which a job provides substantial freedom, independence and discretion of the employee in scheduling work and in determining procedures to be used in executing a particular job (Dawal & Taha, 2006). The purpose of studying job attitude in this research is to find out whether a positive attitude toward a job leads to employee satisfaction or not. Similarly negative attitude leads to dissatisfaction will be studied in this research. Work Time: The more flexible work time is the higher employees are dissatisfied and the more work time is relaxed the greater employees are satisfied (Krings, Nierling, Pedaci & Piersanti, 2009). At the end of this research it will be evaluated that whether employees are more satisfied when work time is flexible and dissatisfied when work time is tight or not. Autonomy:

Employee job satisfaction

The degree to which an employee is authorized to perform different tasks. There is significant correlation in Job Autonomy and Job Satisfaction (Briscoe, 2004). In this study we will be finding that whether freedom in a job leads a employee toward job satisfaction nor not and similarly to many restrictions and limitations lead to dissatisfaction nor not. Proposed Research Hypothesis: H1. Wages have an effect on job satisfaction. H2. Job Attitude has an effect on job satisfaction. H3. Work time has an effect on job satisfaction. H4. Autonomy has an effect on job satisfaction. Sources of Information: Employees of commercial banks of Peshawar will be respondents in this research to find out the effect of Wages, Job Attitude, Work Time and Autonomy on Job Satisfaction. Sampling Technique and Procedure: Judgmental Sampling Technique is being proposed, which is one of the non probability sampling technique.

Sample Size:

Employee job satisfaction

The study might propose to study 100 respondents of the commercial banks employees in Peshawar. Method of Data Collection and Procedure: Data will be collected through personal survey because through personal survey we will get more accurate result. If respondents face any difficulty we will help them. During the response we will observe the behavior and attitude of the respondents. Instrument to be used: Questionnaire will be used as an instrument for data collection. Data collection will through questionnaire, but before distributing the questionnaire we will double check the questionnaire and the few of them will issue for test. During the response of the respondent we will personally observe that how the respondent filling the questionnaire and then passing that test we will issue it to the selected group The format of a typical five-level Likert scale: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Strongly disagree Disagree Neither agree nor disagree Agree Strongly agree 2.Disagree 3.Neither agree nor disagree 4.Agree 5.Strongly agree

1.Strongly disagree

Employee job satisfaction

Statistical Test to be used: Data gathered will be tested using regression model. A regression is a statistical analysis assessing the association between two variables. It is used to find the relationship between variables.

Possible Research Finding: At the end of this study we might be to know the effect of Wages, Job Attitude, WorkTime and Autonomy on Job Satisfaction. At the end of the study we might come to the conclusions that wages have a direct relationship with job satisfaction. The same might be found for other independent variable i.e. job attitude, work time, and autonomy might also have direct relationship with the employee job satisfaction.

Employee job satisfaction

List of References: Briscoe Forrest, (2004). Job Autonomy vs Career Flexibility The Role of Large Bureaucracies in Professional Labor Markets. Pennsylvania State University WPC0017 Dawal. Zawiaw. Siti and Taha Zahari, (2006). factors effecting job satisfaction in two automobile industry in malaysia, university teknologi malaysia vol 2(14) pp. 65-80. Hunjra I.A, Chani I.M, Aslam.S, Azam.M and Rehman.K, (2010). Factors effecting job satisfaction of employees in pakistan banking industry. african journal of business management vol 4(10) pp. 2157-2163. Krings B.J, Nierling L, Pedaci M and Piersanti M, (2009). Working time, gender and work-life balance. Higher institute of labor studies vol 2(2) pp.214-238. Lawler III, E.E., & Porter, L.W, (2008). The Effect of Performance on Job Satisfaction. Industrial Relations, vol 1(7) pp.20-28. Lydon. Reamonn and Arnaud Chevalier, (2002). Estimate of the effect of wages on job satisfaction. London School of Economics and Political Science ISBN 0 7530 1552 8. Sousa-Poza A, and Sousa-Poza A.A, (2000). Well-Being at Work: a Cross-National Analysis of the Levels and Determinants of Job Satisfaction. Journal of Socio-Economics vol 1(29)pp.517-538.