1. What is the difference between an MP3 and a WAV file?

While MP3s have been getting all the press lately, the rumors of WAV's death have been greatly exaggerated. These two formats are comparable to the old and new models of the VW bug -- dependable versus flashy. Both have their merits, but MP3 seems more likely to be in it for the long haul. An older music format, WAV was designed by Microsoft to play short snippets of sound on any audio-enabled computer. Since Windows 3.1, WAV has been the native format for sound within the Windows environment. As a result, WAV files abound on the Web, and almost every browser has built-in WAV playback support. Check out the WAV Archives in Yahoo’s directory for some examples. The WAV file format is very basic. Unlike MP3 and other compressed formats, WAV’s are just digitized sound samples. They're bulky, but simple; any computer can play them, and they sound fine. MP3 stands for MPEG-1 Audio Layer 3. The MPEG process compresses a sound sequence into a very small file, while retaining its original quality. How? By being very selective and eliminating certain sound frequencies that can't be heard by the human ear. The format compresses the file to approximately 1/12 the size of the original file, making it quicker to download or share with a friend. Though they both sound fine, the differences between the two file formats are quite profound. WAVs are much bulkier than MP3s, but require no additional software to play. MP3s require special players such as Napster or Win Amp. MP3s are better suited for swapping songs over the Web, while WAVs work better for audio-enhanced web sites. The choice is yours. SOURCE: http://ask.yahoo.com/20000602.html

2: What is the difference between a JPEG and a bitmap graphic, and what are the pros and cons of each? A BMP or bitmap image is Window's native graphics file format. Bitmap images are uncompressed, so they can be very large. Unlike other file formats, every single "bit" of the image is stored in the file. A high quality bitmap image can be huge-- up to one or more megabytes in size. That takes up a lot of room on your hard drive, and you'd never want to put it on a webpage. It would take forever to download. A JPEG (stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group) is a compressed file format. It's a file format designed to balance image quality with file size-- and it's usually the right choice of format for pictures on the Web. A JPEG's file size can be a tenth or less of the file size of the original image. When you create a JPEG of an image, it's up to you to decide which is more important, image quality or file size. Of course, the higher the image quality, the larger the file size. JPEGs are made using lossy compression-- meaning that the file loses data as it's compressed. The image quality deteriorates the more you compress the image, but it

usually looks good enough to fool the human eye. For example, most of our pictures on the ZDTV website are JPEGs. We like to keep them under 5K in size, so they download quickly. If you have the Microsoft plus Pack, you can use the included Microsoft Picture imaging package to save your BMP images as JPEGs. The program also has a sliding tool that allows you to adjust the quality and size of your image. ULead is an imaging package that will open a bitmap and save it as a JPEG-- it should have a slider that will let you choose the quality. Ulead's Smart saver will do the same thing. You can download it for free from the ULead website. SOURCE: http://www.g4tv.com/techtvvault/features/6331/What_is_the_difference_be tween_a_JPEG_and_a_bitmap_graphic_and_what_are_the_pros_and_cons_of_eac h.html

3: What is Spy Ware? Software that sends information about your Web surfing habits to its Web site. Often quickly installed in your computer in combination with a free download you selected from the Web, spy ware transmits information in the background as you move around the Web. Also known as "parasite software," "scum ware," "junk ware" and "thief ware," spy ware is occasionally installed just by visiting a Web site (see driveby download). Spy ware vs. Viruses Since spy ware and adware are unwanted software, it would seem that antivirus software should detect spy ware and adware as well as viruses and Trojans. Although some security suites provide all these capabilities, antispyware and antivirus modules are typically separate functions. Perhaps, it evolved in different camps because the intent of the software is different. Virus writers want to be exposed to the world at large so they can one-up their peers, the "xyz virus contaminated 100 million computers" type of glory. On the other hand, spy ware writers want their software to remain hidden and perform their tasks for months to come. However, Trojans are viruses that are designed to remain hidden in the computer as well, so the two philosophies do overlap. Perhaps, in time, a new category of "anti-insanity" software will take care of all of it. SOURCE: http://www.answers.com/spyware

4: What is a web server? Web server A computer that delivers Web pages to browsers and other files to applications via the HTTP protocol. It includes the hardware, operating system, Web server software, TCP/IP protocols and site content (Web pages and other files). If the Web server is used internally and not by the public, it may be called an "intranet server." HTTP Server "Web server" may refer to just the software and not the entire computer system. In such cases, it refers to the HTTP server (IIS, Apache, etc.) that manages requests from the browser and delivers HTML documents and files in response. It also executes server-side scripts (CGI scripts, JSPs, ASPs, etc.) that provide functions such as database searching and e-commerce. SOURCE: http://www.answers.com/webserver 5:What is Virus? Software used to infect a computer. After the virus code is written, it is buried within an existing program. Once that program is executed, the virus code is activated and attaches copies of itself to other programs in the system. Infected programs copy the virus to other programs. SOURCE: http://www.answers.com/topic/computervirus?method=6#Technology 6: What is a Worm? A destructive program that replicates itself throughout disk and memory, using up the computer's resources and eventually taking the system down. A program that moves through a network and deposits information at each node for diagnostic purposes or causes idle computers to share some of the processing workload. See ethical worm. SOURCE: http://www.answers.com/worm#Technology 7: What is Trojan? A program that appears legitimate, but performs some illicit activity when it is run. It may be used to locate password information or make the system more vulnerable to future entry or simply destroy programs or data on the hard disk. A Trojan is similar to a virus, except that it does not replicate itself. It stays in the computer doing its damage or allowing somebody from a remote site to take control of the computer. Trojans often sneak in attached to a free game or other utility.

8: What is DLL (Dynamic Link Library)? An executable program module in Windows that performs one or more functions at runtime. DLLs are not launched by the user; they are called for by an executable program or by other DLLs. The Windows OS contains a huge number of DLLs. With only one instance of the DLL open in memory, its routines can be shared by all running applications (see reentrant code). DLLs can perform a simple function such as drawing a 3D border around a dialog box, or they can be as large as a full-blown language system, such as one of the Visual Basic runtime modules (see VBRUNxxx.DLL) SOURCE: http://www.answers.com/DLL

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