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Physics 1020.

90

Spring 2011

Lab 7: Elevator Acceleration

Weight in an Elevator
Lab Report: Due March 9 Standards: Purpose/Procedure; Data; Spreadsheet; Analysis; Results

What does a Bathroom Scale measure? Draw a force-diagram of fictional-you standing on a bathroom scale. Your fictional-mass is 100-kg. Label each force with its long-form label (i.e. Ftype_by what_on whom) and its magnitude (size). Show your work to determine the size of the forces.

What happens to the scale-reading when you jump? Consider all three stages of the jump: pushing off, in the air, landing.

Does the scale always measure the force of gravity (i.e. your weight) exerted by Earth on you?

Physics 1020.90

Spring 2011

Lab 7: Elevator Acceleration

Forces in an Elevator 1. Imagine entering an elevator on the bottom floor of a tall building, and hit the button for the top floor. You are in luck, and are able to ride the elevator all the way to the top without stopping. a. As you begin moving upward, what/how do you feel? How did the motion of the elevator change? How is the motion of your body changing? What is causing your body to do that (i.e what specifically is exerting a force on your body)?

b. When you reach cruising (i.e. constant) speed, how does that feeling change? How do the forces exerted on you change?

c. As you approach the top floor, what do you begin to feel? How does the motion of the elevator change? How is the motion of your body changing? What is causing your body to do that?

For each of the questions 5-8, draw a force diagram showing the forces on you. Use a value of g = 9.8 m/s (downward) for these exercises. 2. Imagine youre standing in a stationary elevator which happens to have a Newton-scale built into the floor (that is, the floor is one big bathroom scale). Your weight (in Newtons) is shown on the wall. Your mass is 100 kg. What does the scale read?
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Physics 1020.90

Spring 2011

Lab 7: Elevator Acceleration

3. The elevator begins to accelerate upward at a = 2 m/s2. What does the scale read now? How do you know this?

4. The elevator reaches its cruising speed, and stops accelerating. What does the scale read now? How do you know?

5. The elevator begins to slow down, with an acceleration of -2m/s2. What does the scale read?

6. On your way back down, something goes wrong with the elevator lift mechanism. While you begin accelerating downward at -2m/s2 (what does the scale read? __________), soon you are accelerating at greater and greater rates. Fill in the blanks: acceleration -3 m/s2 -5 m/s2 -7 m/s2 -9 m/s2 -9.8 m/s2 scale reading ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________
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Physics 1020.90

Spring 2011

Lab 7: Elevator Acceleration

7. Assuming there is no air resistance, what do we call the state in which we find the elevator and yourself in the last instance? 8. According to the scale, what is your weight? 9. Is the force of gravity (exerted by Earth) still acting on you?

10. Design (and then carry-out) an experiment to measure the acceleration of the elevator

in the Science/Library building. You have the following equipment: hanging masses of various size; fish-scales; elevator. If you would like something else, askwe may have it. Use the problems solved above to help direct your investigation.

Write up a Lab Report detailing your experiment and its results. Your report may look something like this:
Purpose/Procedure What will you do? What data will you take? How will that data tell you what you want to know? How will you be sure if you are right? Data -- Presentation can I make sense of what data you took? Spreadsheet (?) whether you have this section depends on the design of your experiment. Analysis what does your data say? How do you know / why do you think so? How sure are you? Results Combine the above into a coherent presentation of the experiment.

Physics 1020.90

Spring 2011

Lab 7: Elevator Acceleration