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Capacity Management 3G Network

For internal use 1 © Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Outline
• •
Introduction Capacity Areas in UTRAN
1. 2. 3. 4.
Air Interface WBTS HW Resourses RNC Transport IuB Iu-CS Iu-PS Iu-R

Iu Monitoring
• • •

For internal use 2 © Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Introduction WCDMA network interfaces and internal resources should be monitored For internal use 3 © Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date .

HSPA data For internal use 4 © Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date .Introduction • The various measurement were used to identify the capacity issues and their negative impact on accessibility (CSSR) of the various RABs: 1. PS data (R99) 3. CS speech (AMR) 2.

Capacity Areas in UTRAN • Essential to monitor the available resources in UTRAN – Capacity from initial dimensioning phase may no be sufficient in some cases – Marketing campaigns lead to higher resource utilization • Capacity bottlenecks impact the call setup success rates (CSSR) – Mobile user perceives poor setup success rates directly • With these measurements. network capacity can be monitored in a proactive mode – Capacity upgrades can be triggered taking into account existing lead times HW units. internal procedures like planning or implementation For internal use 5 © Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date .

Air Interface 1 – Radio resources UL interference DL transmisson power DL Codes 1a – Code resources 3 – DMCU allocation WBTS HW Resources Transport RNC DSP processing RLC/MAC IuB FSP/ WSP capacity For internal use (Channel Elements) 6 © Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date (N*) E1 capacity / AAL2 4 – Iub resources (transmission) 2 – WBTS resources .Capacity Areas in UTRAN During call set-up [RRC. RAB] several resource areas are checked and physical / logical resources allocated.

UE For internal use capabilities. License. AAL2 IuCS. anchoring.Call Setup Success Rate . params 7 © Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date . not supp.CSSR CSSR for a specific service is calculated the following way: CSSR any service = RRC connection setup & access X RAB setup & access any service RRC part RAB part For RAB setup & access phase we can distinguish various failure causes: SETUP PHASE: ACCESS PHASE: • due to UE • due to RNC Failures due to UE • are not related to capacity issues in the network • related to UE problems • due to AC • due to BTS • due to Transport • due to RNC • due to Frozen BTS • due to AAL2 iuB.

Decision criteria • AMR accessibility • PS R99 accessibility No • HSPA accessibility Accesibility < 99% Yes Radio resources Failures due to AC >1% Channel elements Failures due to BTS >1% Transport resources Failures due to TRANS >1% RNC internal resources Failures due to RNC >1% Cell OK Lack of Radio Resoures Additional KPI check & optimization (if necessary) Lack of Channel Elements Lack of Iub resources Lack of RNC resources For internal use 8 © Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date .

RAB setup failures 1. Admission Control (AC) failures – RADIO • Indicates lack of radio resources: – DL power ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ Measurement of PtxTotal. FACH. max. PCH) – typically not a problem For internal use 9 © Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date . transmission power of NonHSDPA. avg) Channelization code blocking rate HSDPA code usage HSDPA code downgrades – UL interference – DL channelization codes: – Rejection rate in downlink and uplink (SRB. HSDPA etc. CS data. Measurement of RSSI Measurement of PrxTotal and PrxNoise Channelization code occupancy (min. AMR. PS data) due to congestion – Common channel load (RACH.

Code utilization Yes Posible to reduce R99 usage? No Yes Posible to reduce the code usage? Yes Posible to optimize throughput? No No For internal use 10 © Nokia Siemens Networks Upgrade BTS power Presentation / Author / Date Upgrade to 2nd carrier .RAB setup failures 1. Admission Control (AC) failures – RADIO ‘ High nonHSPA load Failures due to AC >1% DL power UL interference Noise floor of the System >-90dBm • AMR accessibility • PS R99 accessibility Marginal Load Time Share DL > 50% Overload Time Share DL> 2% Average DL R99 Load > PtxTarget Channelization codes Spread. Avg_Code Occupancy >80% High DL load High UL interference/load External Interference High chan. Code Blocking Rate in DL >5%. SFxx Blocking Rate high High nonHSPA load R99 power >> HSDPA power Marginal Load Time Share UL > 50% Overload Time Share UL> 2% Average UL R99 Load > PrxTarget Max_Code Occupancy >95%.

the Dedicated HSDPA scheduler is an option 3. Due to RNC For internal use 11 © Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date . Due to BTS (channel elements) 4. HSDPA accessibility • Indicates problems for access of HS-DSCH (HSDPA access failure rate): 1. Due to UL DCH • Problems of return UL return channel • Related to R99 radio resources 2. which can cause capacity problem in use of radio resources  Check radio resources for R99 • If licence upgrade is not sufficient. Due to TOO MANY HSDPA USERS • Licence limit – 48 users  HSDPA license upgrade to 64 users • R99 is selected. Due to Iub (transmission) 5.RAB setup failures 1a.

HSDPA 64 users HSDPA Access FR due to RNC License upgrade OR LATER Go to RADIO Resoures For internal use 12 © Nokia Siemens Networks 2.RAB setup failures 1a. HSDPA Dedicated Scheduler upgrade Presentation / Author / Date .5% Others HSDPA Access FR due to Iub Go to TRANSPORT failures Go to BTS failures Go to RNC failures HSDPA Access FR due to BTS Problem in R99 ? 1. HSDPA accesibility Radio related issues HSDPA accessibilit y < 99% HSDPA Access FR due to UL DCH DCH Selected due to too many HSDPA users > 0.

DL (min. BTS failures • Indicates lack of WBTS baseband resources = channel elements (CE): – Measurement of available CEs – ▪ ▪ Fast Failures due to BTS >1% CE utilization AVG_CE_USAGE > 80% MAX_CE_USAGE >95% (min. avg) Measurement of usage of CEs: In UL. max.RAB setup failures 2. avg) Per service High CE utilization CE usage can be reduced? Yes No WBTS HW upgrade (system module) For internal use 13 © Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date . max.

IuCS.RAB setup failures 3. RNC failures • Indicates lack of RNC internal resources – DSP Service Statistics Fast Failures due to RNC >1% DSP load RNC_Unit Load: AVG_Load >80% MAX_Load >95% – – – – Measurement DSP Resource Utilisation Measurements DSP State Change Measurements DSP Load Measurements Iub. IuPS throughput measurement at RNC High DSP load RNC HW upgrade Traffic load RNC_Traffic Load: Iub Traffic Load IuCS Traffic Load IuPS Traffic Load High Iu Traffic RNC Interface capacity upgrade For internal use 14 © Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date .

RAB setup failures 4. Transport failures • – ▪ ▪ Fast Failures due to TRANS/AAL2 Iub >1% Iub Reservations Indicates lack of transport resources Traffic load measurements Average VCC Ingress/Egress utilisation Average VPC Ingress/Egress utilisation AVG_UP_CAC Reservation > 80% Peak_UP_CAC Reservation >90% – ▪ ▪ ▪ High Iub load Yes CAC reservations Allocated Average Capacity of CBR VCC Allocated Capacity per ATM VCC (cps) AAL2 connection reservation success rate – ▪ ▪ ▪ Number of AAL2 Connections Average AAL2 connection utilisation Max_AAL2_connections (248 max) Max_AAL2_connections_HSPDA Posible to reduce Iub utilization? Yes No – Shared HSDPA AAL2 allocation utilisation Iub upgrade For internal use 15 © Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date .

Ec/Io measurements • Mobility optimization – Soft handover – Inter-system handover • Failures due to UEs can not be avoid For internal use 16 © Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date .Additional tasks • Even if all the capacity issues would be resolved. overshooting cells) – Propagation delay measurements – CQI measurements – RSCP. the 100% accessibility can not be expected • RF optimization (e.g.

Iu Monitoring • The scope of this presentation is RNC interfaces monitoring using measurements in the RNC and in the BTS MGW Iu-CS Iub RNC SGSN BTS Iu-PS Iur RNC For internal use 17 © Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date .

Content 1. AAL2 CAC measurements For internal use 18 © Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date . ATM load measurements 2.

ATM Load Measurements .Overview ATM Load Measurements in RNC • Virtual Path Connection (VPC) • Virtual Circuit Connection (VCC) • ATM interface Virtual channel ATM interface Virtual path Virtual path AAL2 connection For internal use 19 © Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date .

ATM VPC and VCC Measurements • ATM VPC/VCC measurements count cells per VPC/VCC during measurement period • Up to 1024 VPCs and all VCCs (RU10 onwards) can be measured per RNC at the same time • Enables calculating average throughput over the measurement period Cells/period Configured capacity Actual traffic Measurement period Measured average traffic For internal use 20 © Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date .

Iu-PS and Iur can be measured as well • Use of ingress and egress counters – Iub in downlink direction is measured using egress counters – Iu-PS in downlink direction is measured using ingress counters Ingress direction MGW Egress direction Iub Iu-CS RNC SGSN BTS Iu-PS Iur RNC For internal use 21 © Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date .ATM VPC and VCC Measurements • Iu-CS.

UBR and UBR+ Virtual channel measurement is relevant if you have unshaped VPCs with UBR+ VCCs inside and the sum of VCC PCRs exceeds the interface capacity – Otherwise the ATM CAC and/or VCC/VPC configuration will prevent overload possibility ATM interface • The ATM interface level Virtual path Virtual path AAL2 connection • Potentially useful for Iu if IuPS and IuCS are on their own NIS cards.ATM Interface Measurement • ATM interface utilization and traffic per service category CBR. For internal use 22 © Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date .

ATM load measurements 2.Content 1. AAL2 CAC measurements For internal use 23 © Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date .

ALC set (for DCCH). NRT DCH.RNC AAL2 Connection Admission Control • Bandwidth requirement is affected by – ALC parameters. loss tolerance New connection up to this capacity would fit in AAL2 reservation for existing connections New connection requiring this much capacity would be blocked ATM VCC PCR – Done for common channels. SRB. Streaming HSDPA and SharedHSDPAAllocation – VCC bundle is a special case For internal use 24 © Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date . RT DCH. Activity factors – Delay requirement.

code tree • Iub capacity – Transmission capacity • Node B capacity –WBTS Base band processing capacity • RNC processing capacity • Iu-CS.Summary RAN capacity monitoring processes are focused on the following interfaces and network elements: • Radio Interface capacity – WBTS power. Iu-PS and Iur traffic Monitoring / Interface Air Interface Iub Interface HW Channel Element RNC Capacity Proactive Monitoring -BTS power DL/UL -Channelisation code utilisation -S-CCPCH & PRACH load -Iub traffic load -Resource reservation -CE utilisation -RNC traffic load -Unit load Reactive Monitoring For internal use 25 © Nokia Siemens Networks -Setup failure due to AC -Service rejection ratio -Code blocking -RB downgrade/release -Setup failure due to transmission -Resource reservation success rate -Setup failure due to BTS -Setup failure due to RNC Presentation / Author / Date .

Thank You! For internal use 26 © Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date .