‫ﺫ ‪.

‬ﺍﻟﻐﺰﻳﺰﺍﻝ‬

‫ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺍﻟﺰﻻﺯﻝ‬

‫ﺗﻤﺮﻳﻦ ‪ 14‬ﺹ ‪ 27‬ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺭ )ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺭﻳﺎﺿﻴﺔ ‪+‬ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﻓﻴﺰﻳﺎﺋﻴﺔ(‬
‫ﺗﻤﺮﻳﻦ ‪ 14‬ﺹ‪ 32‬ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺭ )ﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ ﻭﺍﻷﺭﺽ (‬
‫‪(1‬‬
‫ﺃ( ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻌﺮﺿﺔ ﻫﻲ ﻣﻮﺟﺔ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻨﺤﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻮﻳﻪ ﻣﺘﻌﺎﻣﺪ ﻣﻊ ﺍﺗﺠﺎﻩ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ‬
‫ﺏ(‬

‫‪(2‬‬
‫ﺃ( ﻣﻦ ﻣﻌﻄﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺮﻳﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﺎﺕ ‪ P‬ﺃﺳﺮﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﺎﺕ ‪S‬‬
‫ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺃﺻﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺍﺭﻳﺦ ﻓﻲ ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻬﺰﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺳﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻴﺴﻜﻮ ‪.‬ﺇﺫﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺯ‬
‫ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﺎﺕ ‪ P‬ﺛﻢ ﺗﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﺎﺕ ‪S‬‬

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‫ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺍﻟﺰﻻﺯﻝ‬

‫ﺫ ‪.‬ﺍﻟﻐﺰﻳﺰﺍﻝ‬

‫ﺏ( ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻬﺰﺓ ﺳﺠﻠﺖ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺤﻄﺔ ﺃﻭﺭﻳﻜﺎ ﻋﻨﺪ ‪ 8h15min20‬ﺃﻱ ﺑﺘﺄﺧﺮ ﺯﻣﻨﻲ ﺣﺴﺐ ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ ﺏ‬
‫‪) ∆t1=40s‬ﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﻟﺸﻜﻞ ﺃﻋﻼﻩ (‬
‫ﺇﺫﻥ ﻟﺤﻈﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﻮﻉ ﻫﻲ ‪t =8h15min20s – 40 =8h 14min 40s‬‬
‫ﺝ ( ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ ‪d = V.∆t.‬‬

‫ﻭﻣﻨﻪ‬

‫‪d = 104.40 =400Km‬‬

‫ﺩ( ﺳﻮﺍﺀ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺻﻨﻒ ‪ P‬ﺃﻭ ﻣﻦ ﺻﻨﻒ ‪ S‬ﻓﺈﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﻧﺒﻌﺜﺖ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻔﺲ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ ﻭﻭﺻﻠﺖ ﻟﻨﻔﺲ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻜﻦ ﺗﺼﻞ ‪ S‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻄﺔ ﺑﺘﺄﺧﺮ ﺯﻣﻨﻲ ) ﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﻟﺸﻜﻞ ( ‪66s‬‬
‫ﻭﺑﻤﺎ ﺃﻥ ’‪V’=d/.∆t‬‬

‫ﺕ‪.‬ﻉ ‪V’ = 4.105/66 = 6,1.103m.s :‬‬

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