Introduction to International Labour

Standards System Mae Sot, December 2010

Federation of Trade UnionsBurma

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Federation of Trade UnionsBurma

ILO means of action to obtain Social Justice
∗ International Labour Standards

∗ Technical cooperation

∗ Information and research

Federation of Trade UnionsBurma

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Why have ILS?
♣ A path to decent work
♣ An international legal framework for fair and stable globalization
♣ A safety net in times of economic crisis
♣ A strategy for reducing poverty

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Federation of Trade UnionsBurma

International Labour Standards
• Conventions
♦ International treaties
♦ When ratified, are legally binding
♦ If not ratified, could represent legal objectives and
influence national legislation
♦ 188 Conventions
• Recommendations
♦ Not legally binding
♦ Provide general or technical guidelines on national policy
and practice
♦ 200 Recommendations
• ILS cover different areas of the world of work
Federation of Trade UnionsBurma

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International Labour Standards Characteristic
• Tripartism
♦ Elaborated and adopted with participation of governments; ‘employers’
and ‘workers’ representatives
• Universality
♦ Standards are set at world level and are valid for countries with very
different social structures

• Flexibility
♦ Standards are set in a spirit for realism and effectiveness

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Ratification of Conventions
∗ Is the formal commitment by a member State to
♣give effect, both in law and in practice, to the provisions of a
Convention and
♣ to accept international supervision

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Federation of Trade UnionsBurma

Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work,
1998

Obligation for all members to respect:
♣ Freedom of association and right to collective bargaining
♣ Elimination of all forms of forced labour
♣ Effective abolition of child labour
♣ Elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation

Federation of Trade UnionsBurma

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Federation of Trade UnionsBurma

Conventions ratified by Burma

C. 1 Hours of Work (Industry) Convention,1919
C. 2 Unemployment Convention, 1919
C. 6 Night Work of Young Persons

C. 11 Right of Association (Agriculture) Convention,1921
C. 14 Weekly Rest (Industry) Convention,1921
C. 15 Minimum Age (Trimmers and Stokers) Convention,1921
C. 16 Medical Examination of Young Persons (Sea) Convention, 1921
C. 17 Workmen’s Compensation (Accidents) Convention,1925
C. 18 Workmen’s Compensation (Occupational Diseases) Convention, 1925
C. 19 Equality of Treatment (Accident Compensation) Convention, 1925
C. 21 Inspection of Emigrants Convention, 1926
C. 22 Seamen’s Articles of Agreement Convention, 1926
C. 26 Minimum Wage-Fixing Machinery Convention,1928
C. 27 Marking of Weight (Packages Transported by Vessels) Convention, 1929
C. 29 Forced Labour Convention, 1930
C. 42 Workmen’s Compensation (Occupational Diseases) Convention (Revised),1934
C. 52 Holidays with Pay Convention, 1936
C. 63 Convention concerning Statistics of Wages and Hours of Work, 1938 (No.63)
C. 87 Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention,1948
Federation of Trade UnionsBurma

Conventions ratified by Burma

C. 1 Hours of Work (Industry) Convention,1919
C. 2 Unemployment Convention, 1919
C. 6 Night Work of Young Persons

C. 11 Right of Association (Agriculture) Convention,1921
C. 14 Weekly Rest (Industry) Convention,1921
C. 15 Minimum Age (Trimmers and Stokers) Convention,1921
C. 16 Medical Examination of Young Persons (Sea) Convention, 1921
C. 17 Workmen’s Compensation (Accidents) Convention,1925
C. 18 Workmen’s Compensation (Occupational Diseases) Convention, 1925
C. 19 Equality of Treatment (Accident Compensation) Convention, 1925
C. 21 Inspection of Emigrants Convention, 1926
C. 22 Seamen’s Articles of Agreement Convention, 1926
C. 26 Minimum Wage-Fixing Machinery Convention,1928
C. 27 Marking of Weight (Packages Transported by Vessels) Convention, 1929
C. 29 Forced Labour Convention, 1930
C. 42 Workmen’s Compensation (Occupational Diseases) Convention (Revised),1934
C. 52 Holidays with Pay Convention, 1936
C. 63 Convention concerning Statistics of Wages and Hours of Work, 1938 (No.63)
C. 87 Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention,1948
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Federation of Trade UnionsBurma

Trade Unions are invited to have an active role in:
♦ Elaboration and adoption of ILS

♦ Promotion of ratification and implementation

♦ Use of ILS as reference in labour law reform and judicial proceedings

♦ Sending information in the context of the follow-up of the 1998 Declaration

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Federation of Trade UnionsBurma

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